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Results 301 - 350 of 1566
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Fröhlich Thomas - - 2012
Sequence defined oligo (ethane amino) amides produced by solid-phase supported synthesis using different building blocks and molecular shapes were tested for structure-activity relationships in siRNA delivery. Efficient reporter gene knockdown was obtained in a variety of cell lines using either branched three-armed structures, or lipid-modified structures with i-shape, T-shape, U-shape ...
Engelen Marc - - 2012
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene encoding ALDP, an ATP-binding-cassette (ABC) transporter located in the peroxisomal membrane. ALDP deficiency results in impaired peroxisomal β-oxidation and the subsequent accumulation of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA; > C22:0) in plasma and tissues. VLCFA are primarily derived from ...
Fan Weizheng - - 2012
A series of acid-labile, optically pure ε-substituted δ-ketal-β-hydroxy esters were obtained by a Ru-SunPhos catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of the corresponding ε-substituted δ-ketal-β-keto esters. CaCO(3) played a dual role in the hydrogenation reaction-removing the acid generated during the formation of the catalyst and maintaining the activity of the catalyst.
Mayas María Dolores - - 2012
Aminopeptidase A (APA) and aspartyl aminopeptidase (ASAP) not only act as neuromodulators in the regional brain renin-angiotensin system, but also release N-terminal acidic amino acids (glutamate and aspartate). The hyperexcitability of amino acid neurotransmitters is responsible for several neurodegenerative processes affecting the central nervous system. The purpose of the present ...
Bortolini Olga - - 2012
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are now the most widely used drugs for diseases associated with increased bone resorption, such as osteoporosis, and tumor bone diseases. A significant drawback of the BPs is their poor oral absorption that is enhanced by the presence of bile acid substituents in the bisphosphonate framework, with no ...
Xu Tao - - 2012
6-Nonadecynoic acid (6-NDA), a plant-derived acetylenic acid, exhibits strong inhibitory activity against the human fungal pathogens Candida albicans, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. In the present study, transcriptional profiling coupled with mutant and biochemical analyses were conducted using the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to investigate its mechanism of action. 6-NDA ...
Eom Tae-Kil - - 2012
Eight kinds of phenolic acid conjugated chitooligosaccharides (COSs) were synthesized using hydroxyl benzoic acid and hydroxyl cinnamic acid. These phenolic acid conjugated-COSs with different substitution groups, including p-hydroxyl, 3,4-dihydroxyl, 3-methoxyl-4-hydroxyl and 3,5-dimethoxyl-4-hydroxy groups, were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against β-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE) and inhibited BACE ...
Aqil Farrukh F James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, - - 2012
Colored fruits, particularly berries, are highly chemoprotective because of their antioxidant, antiproliferative, and antiinflammatory activities. We report the cancer chemoprotective potential of Syzygium cumini L., commonly known as jamun or Indian blackberry. Anthocyanins and other polyphenolics were extracted with acidic ethanol and enriched by amberlite XAD7/HP20 (1:1). The pulp powder ...
Han Jung Min - - 2012
Amino acids are required for activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase, which regulates protein translation, cell size, and autophagy. However, the amino acid sensor that directly couples intracellular amino acid-mediated signaling to mTORC1 is unknown. Here we show that leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS) plays a critical role in ...
Tanaka Takao - - 2012
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) is one of the polyunsaturated fatty acids, and is expected to show anti-allergic activity. We examined the effects of supplementation with DGLA-enriched oil (450 mg as free DGLA) for 4 weeks in healthy adults in a randomized controlled study. The DGLA composition in the total fatty acids of serum ...
Kuijpers Tomas F M - - 2012
The anti-browning activity of sodium hydrogen sulfite (NaHSO3) was compared to that of other sulfur-containing compounds. Inhibition of enzymatic browning was investigated using a model browning system consisting of mushroom tyrosinase and chlorogenic acid (5-CQA). Development of brown color (spectral analysis), oxygen consumption and reaction product formation (RP-UHPLC-PDA-MS) were monitored ...
Vasconcelos Ana C U - - 2012
J Oral Pathol Med (2012) Background:  The aim of this study was to compare clodronate and zoledronic acid regarding their influence on the repair of surgical wounds in maxillae (soft tissue wound and tooth extraction) and their relation to osteonecrosis. Material and methods:  Thirty-four Wistar rats were allocated into three ...
Misawa Takashi - - 2012
Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2 (PFIC2) is caused by hereditary mutations of bile salt export pump (BSEP), such as E297G BSEP, which is a folding-defective mutant that is unable to traffic beyond the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). 4-Phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) enhances the cell surface expression and transport capacity of E297G ...
Choi Hyunjung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Kojic acid is a fungal metabolite widely used in medicinal and cosmetic formulations as a skin-lightening agent based on its de-pigmenting activity. Although in human clinical studies kojic acid has been shown to be effective in the treatment of hyper-pigmentation disorders such as melasma, the reasons for its apparent ...
Morán-Ramallal Roberto - - 2012
Asymmetric syntheses of isoindoline carbamates have been successfully achieved through enzyme-mediated dynamic kinetic resolution processes and without requirement of metal or acid-base catalyst for the substrate racemization. Optically active carbamates were obtained in good yields and an excellent degree of stereoselectivity when Pseudomonas cepacia lipase (PSL) was used as biocatalyst, ...
Vázquez Santos María Beatriz - - 2012
The preparation of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) by phosphoric acid activation of poly (p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibers was studied, with a particular attention to the effects of impregnation ratio and carbonization temperature on porous texture. Phosphoric acid has a strong effect on PBO degradation, lowering the temperature range at which ...
Ji Ailing - - 2012
Increasing evidence indicates that neuroinflammation plays an important role in neurotoxins-induced neurodegenerations. Microglia are a type of glial cells in the brain and play as the first and main form of active immune defense in the central nervous system. Accumulated data suggest that the activation of microglia plays a critical ...
Pejin Boris - - 2012
A limited number of mosses has ever been studied regarding antioxidant activity among which only a few are European species. As a part of our ongoing screening of new promising bryophyte resources of natural antioxidants, a relevant biological activity investigation was conducted on the moss Bryum moravicum Podp. (Bryaceae) collected ...
He Zhengbiao - - 2012
Dual action: The Lewis acid CuF(2) ⋅2 H(2) O efficiently catalyzes the reaction between electrophilic fluoroalkylating agents and α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids by dually activating both reactants, thus affording di- and trifluoromethyl alkenes in high yields with excellent E/Z selectivity.
Kim Ho Myeong - - 2012
The endoglucanase (Cel5B) from the filamentous fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum was cloned and expressed without a signal peptide, and alanine residue 22 converted to glutamine in Pichia pastoris GS115. The DNA sequence of Cel5B had an open reading frame of 1,077 bp, encoding a protein of 359 amino acid residues with a ...
Zvarec Ondrej - - 2012
Herein we outline the antibacterial activity of amino acid containing thiazolidinediones and rhodanines against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 31890, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. The rhodanine derivatives were generally more active than the analogous thiazolidinediones. Compounds of series 5 showed some selectivity for Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, ...
Tetsassi Feugmo Conrard Giresse - - 2012
In this work, we investigate the adsorption process of two carboxylic acids (stearic and undecylenic) on a H-Si(111) surface via the calculation of structural and energy changes as well as the simulation of their IR and Raman spectra. The two molecules adsorb differently at the surface since the stearic acid ...
Zhang Yu Ping - - 2012
The aqueous extract of Eucommia ulmoides leaves has been commonly known as Du-zhong tea as functional health food for treatment of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver. This study developed a centrifugal ultrafiltration-HPLC method for screening and identification of bioactive compounds in E. ulmoides leaves binding with BSA. Six active compounds ...
Zhang Shizhu - - 2012
Infection of insects by the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana proceeds via attachment and penetration of the host cuticle. The outermost epicuticular layer or waxy layer of the insect represents a structure rich in lipids including abundant amounts of hydrocarbons and fatty acids. A member of a novel cytochrome P450 subfamily, ...
Tu Wei-Chun - - 2012
Barramundi is a commercially farmed fish in Australia. To examine the potential for barramundi to metabolise dietary α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3 n-3), the existence of barramundi desaturase enzymes was examined. A putative fatty acid Δ6 desaturase was cloned from barramundi liver and expressed in yeast. Functional expression revealed Δ6 desaturase ...
Guo Feng - - 2012
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) was successfully produced by the dehydration of fructose and glucose using lignin-derived solid acid catalyst in DMSO-[BMIM][Cl] (dimethyl sulfoxide and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride) mixtures. Six solid acid catalysts were synthesized by carbonization and sulfonation of raw biomass materials, i.e., glucose, fructose, cellulose, lignin, bamboo and Jatropha hulls. It was ...
Kang Yijin - - 2012
Formic acid is a promising chemical fuel for fuel cell applications. However, due to the dominance of indirect reaction pathway and strong poisoning effects, the development of direct formic acid fuel cells has been impeded by the low activity of existing electrocatalysts at desirable operating voltage. We report the first ...
Graham Thomas J A - - 2012
A modular and highly efficient protocol for the synthesis of 2-aryl- and heteroaryl-2H-chromenes is described. Under base-free conditions, readily accessible 2-ethoxy-2H-chromenes undergo C(sp(3))-O activation and C(sp(3))-C bond formation in the presence of an inexpensive nickel catalyst and boronic acids. This new strategy enables broad access to 2-substituted-2H-chromenes and has been ...
Wen Hairuo - - 2012
TRPV1 is a member of the transient receptor potential ion channel family and is gated by capsaicin, the pungent component of chili pepper. It is expressed predominantly in small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and is activated by noxious temperatures >42 °C. 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a cytochrome P-450 4A/4F-derived metabolite ...
Santana Omar - - 2012
Crude extracts and fractions from Echium wildpretii H. Pearson ex Hook. f. subsp. wildpretii (Boraginaceae) have been tested against insect species Spodoptera littoralis, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, and the aphids Myzus persicae, Diuraphis noxia, Metopolophium dirhodum, Rhopalosiphum maidis, and Rhopalosiphum padi. The EtOH extract and the lipid and steroidal fractions of E. ...
Hansen Terkel - - 2012
We have investigated the in vitro metabolism of three small antimicrobial β(2,2)-amino acid derivatives (M (w) < 500) that are highly potent against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and are among the first compounds designed from small cationic antimicrobial peptides with potential for oral administration. The β(2,2)-amino acid derivatives are virtually completely resistant ...
Pachuta-Stec Anna - - 2012
N-Substituted amides of endo-3-(3-methylthio-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2-carboxylic acid and 1-(5-methylthio-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)cyclohexane-2-carboxylic acid were prepared by the condensation reaction of endo-S-methyl-N1-(bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarbonyl)isothiosemicarbazide and S-methyl-N1-(cyclohexane-2,3-dicarbonyl)isothiosemicarbazide with primary amines. The synthesized compounds were screened for their microbiological and pharmacological activities.
Ben Salah Imène - - 2012
In order to explore the relationship between leaf hormonal status and source-sink relations in the response of symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) to salt stress, three major phytohormones (cytokinins, abscisic acid and the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid), sucrose phosphate synthase activity in source leaves and sucrolytic activities in sink organs were ...
Inoue Tetsuyoshi - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known to produce surfactants that are involved in its swarming motility behavior, such as rhamnolipids and their precursors-3-(3-hydroxyalkanoyloxy)-alkanoic acids (HAAs). In P. aeruginosa PAO1, swarming motility is inhibited by some fatty acids, including branched-chain fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids. In the present study, addition of 12-methyltetradecanoic ...
Das Ashish K - - 2012
The study was aimed at evaluating the antiulcer activity of ethanolic extract of Achyranthes aspera (EEAA) leaf. The anti-ulcer assays were performed on pylorus ligation and chronic ethanol induced ulcer model. The effects of the EEAA on gastric content volume, pH, free acidity, total acidity and ulcer index were evaluated. ...
Hassan Wafaa - - 2012
A new eremophilane sesquiterpene, 1-beta-hydroxy-8-oxoeremophila-7,9-dien-12-oic acid (1), in addition to two known flavonol glycosides, rutin (2) and quercetin-3-O-glucoside-7-O-rutinoside (3), was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the aqueous alcoholic extract of the aerial parts of Senecio aegyptius var. discoideus Boiss. (family Asteraceae). The chemical structures of the isolated ...
Oh Joonseok - - 2012
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been proposed to be a new drug target for the development of anticancer agents because of the significant difference in expression of FAS between normal and tumour cells. Since a n-hexane-soluble extract from Ginkgo biloba was demonstrated to inhibit FAS activity in our preliminary test, ...
Abdelwahab Nuha Z - - 2012
Disruption of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis is genetically and chemically validated as a drug target against the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. The N-acetylglucosamine-phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylase (deNAc) is a zinc metalloenzyme responsible for the second step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis. We recently reported the synthesis of eight deoxy-2-C-branched ...
Zhou Zongmin - - 2012
Thioglycine and l-thiovaline are stable under acidic and basic conditions but in the presence of bicarbonate they liberate the gasotransmitter H(2)S. In cells both thioamino acids were proven to enhance cGMP formation and promote vasorelaxation in mouse aortic rings. Given that H(2)S is known to lower arterial hypertension, reduce oxidative ...
Pollier Jacob - - 2012
Oleanolic acid (3β-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound with a widespread occurrence throughout the plant kingdom. In nature, the compound exists either as a free acid or as an aglycone precursor for triterpenoid saponins, in which it can be linked to one or more sugar chains. Oleanolic acid and ...
Oberg Christopher T - - 2012
2-[2-Benzoylamino)benzoylamino]-benzoic acid (1) was previously identified as a potent and non-toxic anti-adenoviral compound1. Here, the potency of 1 was improved over three generations of compounds. We found that the ortho, ortho substituent pattern and the presence of the carboxylic acid of 1 are favorable for this class of compounds, and ...
Lundberg Helena - - 2012
Amidst the green: A green, mild and effective protocol for the direct formation of secondary and tertiary amides from non-activated carboxylic acids and amines in good to excellent yields by employing ZrCl(4) as the catalyst is presented. The amide coupling protocol proved to be suitable for scaled up syntheses, and ...
Girish Chandrashekaran - - 2012
Dietary flavonoids possess a multiplicity of neuroprotective actions in various central nervous pathophysiological conditions including depression. Ellagic acid is a polyphenolic compound that occurs in plants such as raspberries, nuts and eucalyptus species. The present study was designed to investigate the antidepressant-like effect of ellagic acid in mice using forced ...
Tareq Fakir Shahidullah - - 2012
Ieodoglucomides A (1) and B (2), unique glycolipopeptides consisting of an amino acid, a new fatty acid, a succinic acid, and a sugar, were isolated from a Marine-derived bacterium Bacillus licheniformis. The absolute stereochemistry of 1 and 2 was determined by deploying coupling constants, Marfey's and Mosher's methods, and literature ...
Morisseau Christophe C Department of Entomology and UCD Cancer Center, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2012
The EPXH2 gene encodes for the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), which has two distinct enzyme activities: epoxide hydrolase (Cterm-EH) and phosphatase (Nterm-phos). The Cterm-EH is involved in the metabolism of epoxides from arachidonic acid and other unsaturated fatty acids, endogenous chemical mediators that play important roles in blood pressure regulation, ...
González-Barroso M Mar - - 2012
While metformin has been widely used to treat type 2 diabetes for the last fifty years, its mode of action remains unclear. Hence, we investigated the short-term alterations in energy metabolism caused by metformin administration in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. We found that metformin inhibited mitochondrial respiration, although ATP levels remained constant ...
Verma Neeraj - - 2012
In the present report, nutritional requirement for the culture of two lichen species Ramalina nervulosa and Ramalina pacifica were studied in order to enhance their growth rate and antioxidant metabolite production. Extract of R. nervulosa cultured in Bold's basal medium (BBM) showed higher antioxidant activity than R. pacifica cultured in ...
Arima Jiro - - 2012
L: -Aspartyl L: -amino acid methyl ester was synthesized using a mutant of a thermostable leucine aminopeptidase from Streptomyces cinnamoneus, D198 K SSAP, obtained in previously. A peptide of high-intensity sweetener, L: -aspartyl-L: -phenylalanine methyl ester, was selected as a model for demonstrating the synthesis of L: -aspartyl L: -amino acid ...
Dalpiaz Alessandro - - 2012
We have synthesized a new prodrug obtained by the 5'-ester-conjugation of zidovudine (AZT), an antiviral agent substrate of active efflux transport systems (AET), with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a bile acid able to permeate into the central nervous system (CNS). We have demonstrated, by HPLC analysis, that UDCA-AZT is quickly hydrolyzed ...
Khoee Sepideh - - 2012
In this study, a novel nanocarrier was synthesized based on methacrylated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (mPLGA) as a lipophilic domain, acrylated methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (aMPEG) as hydrophilic part and N-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino] ethyl methacrylamide (Boc-AEMA) as pH-responsive segment. Radical polymerization of the above-mentioned three modified monomers produces amphiphilic brush-like copolymer. The protecting amine group ...
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