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Results 201 - 250 of 1566
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Laszlo Joseph A - - 2012
Ferulic acid and its esters are known to be effective antioxidants. Feruloyl di-γ-linolenoylglycerol was assessed for its ability to serve as an antioxidant for preventing the oxidation of its γ-linolenoyl polyunsaturated fatty acyl groups in model membrane phospholipid vesicles. The molecule was incorporated into single-lamellar vesicles comprised of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. Feruloyl ...
Matsubara Tsutomu T Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United - - 2013
Enterohepatic circulation serves to capture bile acids and other steroid metabolites produced in the liver and secreted to the intestine, for reabsorption back into the circulation and reuptake to the liver. This process is under tight regulation by nuclear receptor signaling. Bile acids, produced from cholesterol, can alter gene expression ...
Morucci Florencia - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lithrea molleoides (Vell.) Engl. (Anacardiaceae) is a medicinal plant commonly used in traditional medicine in South America. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, the in vivo antinociceptive effect of L. molleoides' aqueous extract and its isolated compounds has been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antinociceptive activity was ...
Graziose Rocky - - 2012
AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to identify the antiplasmodial constituents from the bark of Cornus florida L., a plant traditionally used in North America for the treatment of malaria. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Dried and powdered bark was extracted with 95% ethanol. The resultant extract was ...
Bak Lasse K - - 2012
Synthesis of neuronal glutamate from α-ketoglutarate for neurotransmission necessitates an amino group nitrogen donor; however, it is not clear which amino acid(s) serves this role. Thus, the ability of the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), leucine, isoleucine, and valine, to act as amino group nitrogen donors for synthesis of vesicular ...
Dastmalchi Keyvan - - 2012
The edible fruits of Myrciaria vexator McVaugh (Myrtaceae), from northern South America, are eaten in certain locales, either fresh or processed into jellies and drinks. Activity-guided fractionation of M. vexator resulted in identification of ellagic acid (1), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (2), delphinidin-3-O-glucoside (3), 2-O-(3,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid (4), and jaboticabin (5), and latter two ...
Rodrígues-Poveda Carlos A - - 2012
As part of our efforts aimed at searching for new antiparasitic agents, the effect of representative 2-alkylaminoethyl-1,1-bisphosphonic acids on Trypanosoma cruzi squalene synthase (TcSQS) was investigated. These compounds had proven to be potent inhibitors of T. cruzi. This cellular activity had been associated with an inhibition of the enzymatic activity ...
Li Hongjuan - - 2012
Lactobacillus casei AST18 was screened as an antifungal lactic acid bacteria which we have reported before. In this research, the antifungal properties of cell-free culture filtrate (CCF) from L. casei AST18 were detected, and the antifungal compounds of CCF were prepared by ultrafiltration, and semi-preparative HPLC, and then determined by ...
Chuysinuan Piyachat - - 2012
Caffeic acid (CA) was chemically immobilized onto the surfaces of the individual electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) fibers to enhance the hydrophilicity and impart the antioxidant activity to the obtained fibrous membranes. This was done in two sequential steps. First, amino groups were covalently introduced onto the surfaces through the reaction ...
Patel Riteshkumar J - - 2012
Exudate analysis indicated that both hydroxamated methacrylic acid-based (HX-MAA) and methacrylic acid-based (MAA) beads without hydroxamation, implanted in an air pouch with gelatin discs, elicited similar biological responses, with both resulting in high cell counts and chemokine (MCP3) levels, relative to control, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) beads. HX-MAA beads had been ...
Lee Ji Hae - - 2012
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) is a nuclear receptor that regulates the expression of genes related to cellular lipid uptake and oxidation. Thus, PPARα agonists may be important in the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis. In this study, we demonstrated that catalposide is a novel natural PPARα agonist, identified from ...
Dogaris Ioannis - - 2012
Bioethanol production from sweet sorghum bagasse (SB), the lignocellulosic solid residue obtained after extraction of sugars from sorghum stalks, can further improve the energy yield of the crop. The aim of the present work was to evaluate a cost-efficient bioconversion of SB to ethanol at high solids loadings (16 % at ...
Beyo─člu Diren - - 2012
The glycine deportation system is an essential component of glycine catabolism in man whereby 400 to 800mg glycine per day are deported into urine as hippuric acid. The molecular escort for this deportation is benzoic acid, which derives from the diet and from gut microbiota metabolism of dietary precursors. Three ...
Guo Chunmei - - 2012
As one of the major protein (enzyme) components of snake venom (SV), L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) plays an important role in the toxicities and biological activities for SV. Accumulated researches in the past decade gradually revealed that SV-LAAOs induce platelet aggregation, cell apoptosis and cytotoxicity, and have anti-microbial, anti-leishmanisis, anti-tumor ...
Kim Young-Mi - - 2012
Amino acids stimulate cell growth and suppress autophagy through activation of mTORC1. The activation of mTORC1 by amino acids is mediated by Rag guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) heterodimers on the lysosome. The molecular mechanism by which amino acids regulate the Rag GTPase heterodimers remains to be elucidated. Here, we identify SH3 ...
Chen Yang - - 2012
Insect prophenoloxidase (PPO) is a key enzyme that induces melanization around invading pathogens and at wounds to prevent further infection. Drosophila melanogaster has three PPO genes which have different biochemical properties following over-expression in S2 cells. As shown by automatic melanization of S2 cells, recombinant PPO3 (rPPO3) became activated upon ...
Chiu Martina - - 2012
Glutamine and leucine are important mTORC1 modulators, although their roles are not precisely defined. In HepG2 and HeLa cells glutamine-free incubation lowers mTORC1 activity, although cell leucine is not decreased. mTORC1 activity, suppressed by amino acid-free incubation, is completely rescued only if essential amino acids (EAA) and glutamine are simultaneously ...
Lv Junli - - 2012
Ten soft wheat varieties grown in Maryland were compared for their phytochemical compositions, antioxidant properties and antiproliferative activities. Free radical scavenging capacities were examined against DPPH(), oxygen, hydroxyl and ABTS(+) radicals. Significant radical scavenging capacities were detected in all wheat flour extracts. Total phenolic content ranged from 1.66 to 2.01mg ...
Kim Ah Jin - - 2012
The present study was focused on improving the quality of rice koji by fermentation with a selected Aspergillus oryzae strain and a plant Astragalus radix. A. oryzae KCCM 60345 was used as main inoculant and the Astragalus radix was added as supplement in rice koji preparation. LC-MS based metabolite analysis ...
Ponce DE León Inés - - 2012
The moss Physcomitrella patens is an evolutionarily basal model system suitable for the analysis of plant defence responses activated after pathogen assault. Upon infection with the necrotroph Botrytis cinerea, several defence mechanisms are induced in P. patens, including the fortification of the plant cell wall by the incorporation of phenolic compounds ...
Hansen Harald S - - 2012
The GPR119 receptor is expressed predominantly in pancreatic β cells and in enteroendocrine cells. It is a major target for the development of anti-diabetic drugs that through GPR119 activation may stimulate both insulin and GLP-1 release. GPR119 can be activated by oleoylethanolamide and several other endogenous lipids containing oleic acid: ...
Jakubowska Anna - - 2012
A series of novel N-benzyl substituted amides of 1H-indole-5-carboxylic acid were synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). The target compounds (6b-6e) displayed moderate potency to inhibit BuChE. One of the compounds tested, i.e., 1-benzylpiperidine amide of 1H-indole-5-carboxylic acid (6a) was a weak, non-selective ...
Linder Mats - - 2012
We present and evaluate a new and potentially efficient route for enzyme-mediated Diels-Alder reactions, utilizing general acid-base catalysis. The viability of employing the active site of ketosteroid isomerase is demonstrated.
Weber Jean-Michel - - 2012
The effects of short-term food deprivation on lipid metabolism are well documented, but little is known about prolonged fasting. This study monitored the kinetics of glycerol (rate of appearance, R(a) glycerol) and non-esterified fatty acids (R(a) NEFA) in fasting rabbits. Our goals were to determine whether lipolysis is stimulated beyond ...
Ghomi Javad Safaei - - 2012
The chemical composition of the essential oils, antioxidant activity (DPPH and beta-carotene/linoleic acid assays) and total phenolic content (Foline-Ciocalteu) of the flowers and leaves of Salvia reuterana were determined. Essential oils extracted from the flowers and leaves by hydrodistillation were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Forty-four constituents, representing 99.7-99.9% of ...
Wick Jeannette Y - - 2012
Most pharmacists know that aspirin's origins lie with willow bark, but they may be unaware of its role in the development of the pharmaceutical industry. Evolving from salacin (the active ingredient in many plant remedies) to salicylic acid (an analgesic in its own right) to the more effective, less toxic ...
Homma Ryousuke - - 2012
Bitterness-masking compounds were identified in a natural white mold cheese. The oily fraction of the cheese was extracted and further fractionated by using silica gel column chromatography. The four fractions obtained were characterized by thin-layer chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The fatty acid-containing fraction was found to have the ...
Cimpoiu Claudia - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the physical and biochemical properties of some Romanian honeys in order to discriminate between their floral origins. The evaluated properties were total phenolic content, total protein content, total free amino acids content, color intensity (ABS(450)), pH, ash content, antioxidant activity. Twenty-six commercial ...
Hijová Emília - - 2012
Prebiotics are defined as selectively fermented food ingredients that induce specific changes in the composition and/or activity in the gastrointestinal microbiota beneficial to the host well-being and health. The aim of the presented experiment was to investigate the effect of a prebiotic applied alone or in combination with Hyppocastani extractum ...
Nghi Do Huu do - - 2012
Soft rot (type II) fungi belonging to the family Xylariaceae are known to substantially degrade hardwood by means of their poorly understood lignocellulolytic system, which comprises various hydrolases, including feruloyl esterases and laccase. In the present study, several members of the Xylariaceae were found to exhibit high feruloyl esterase activity ...
Saini Prasanta - - 2012
In the reported work the in vitro activity of a methanolic extract of leaves of Hibiscus mutabilis (Malvaceae) against bovine Setaria cervi worms has been investigated. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to isolation of ferulic acid from ethyl acetate fraction. The crude extract and ferulic acid, the active molecule, showed significant microfilaricidal ...
Moyori Takaya - - 2012
We investigated catalytic activities of strong brønsted acids for dehydration polycondensations of dicarboxylic acids and diols, which were carried out at low temperature (< 100 °C) under reduced pressure (0.3-3 mmHg). Strong brønsted acids, bis(parfluoroalkanesulfonyl)imide and parfluoroalkanesulfonic acid, showed higher activity than p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) or rare-earth catalysts at 60 ...
Kornev Alexey B - - 2012
We report a general synthetic approach to the preparation of highly functionalized amine and amino acid derivatives of [60]fullerene starting from readily available chlorofullerene C(60)Cl(6). The synthesized water-soluble amino acid derivative of C(60) demonstrated pronounced antiviral activity, while the cationic amine-based compound showed strong antibacterial action in vitro.
Zhang Shuai-Bing - - 2012
Feruloyl esterase A from Aspergillus niger (AnFaeA) is one of the most important feruloyl esterases of industrial relevance. Previous work aided by the PoPMuSiC algorithm has identified two beneficial mutants (D93G and S187F) with thermostabilization effect. In this work, twelve additional amino acid substitutions were identified to be beneficial to ...
Lemée L - - 2012
Lignocellulosic biomass was submitted to a biological pretreatment prior to a catalytic hydroliquefaction in order to produce biofuel. The biodegradation process was conducted over 3months in a reactor under controlled conditions. During the biodegradation process the organic matter was characterised and its evolution was correlated with physico-chemical parameters. In parallel ...
Pereira Catarina Leite - - 2012
The remarkable properties of poly-aminoacids, mainly their biocompatibility and biodegradability, have prompted an increasing interest in these polymers for biomedical applications. Poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) is one of the most interesting poly-aminoacids with potential applications as a biomaterial. Here we describe the production and characterization of γ-PGA by Bacillus subtilis natto. ...
Liu Yan-Jie - - 2012
The strain Achromobacter sp. JA81, which produced enoate reductase, was applied in the asymmetric reduction of activated alkenes. The strain could catalyze the bioreduction of alkenes to form enantiopure (R)-β-aryl-β-cyano-propanoic acids, a precursor of (R)-γ-amino butyric acids, including the pharmaceutically active enantiomer of the chiral drug (R)-baclofen with excellent enantioselectivity. ...
Dickmann Leslie J - - 2012
Carnosic acid is a phenolic diterpene isolated from rosemary (Rsomarinus officinalis) which may have anticancer, antiadipogenic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, carnosic acid was shown to prevent weight gain and hepatic steatosis in a mouse model of obesity and type II diabetes. Based on these results, carnosic acid has been suggested ...
Khan M W - - 2012
<sc>l</sc>-Arginine (ARG), an essential amino acid, is the endogenous source of the deleterious nitric oxide. Dietary ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-enriched fish oil (FO) has been shown to reduce the severity of certain types of cancers, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease. Present study examined whether feeding of FO/flaxseed oil (FXO) ...
Arrieta-Baez Daniel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Some phenolic compounds, such as ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid, exist in the form of free acids, in fruits, rice, corn and other grains. Thermal treatment (121 °C at 15-17 psi) for different times on ferulic, p-coumaric and cinnamic acids as well as equimolar mixtures of these acids was ...
Su Li - - 2012
A series of amino acid ureido derivatives as aminopeptidase N (APN/CD13) inhibitors were synthesized and evaluated for their APN inhibitory activities and anti-cancer effects. The results showed that most of these amino acid ureido derivatives exhibited good inhibition against APN, several of which were better than Bestatin. The most active ...
Tognolini Massimiliano - - 2012
The Eph-ephrin system, including the EphA2 receptor and the ephrinA1 ligand, plays a critical role in tumor and vascular functions during carcinogenesis. We previously identified (3α,5β)-3-hydroxycholan-24-oic acid (lithocholic acid) as an Eph-ephrin antagonist that is able to inhibit EphA2 receptor activation; it is therefore potentially useful as a novel EphA2 ...
Carletti Jaqueline Vieira - - 2012
Folic acid plays an important role in neuroplasticity and acts as a neuroprotective agent, as observed in experimental brain ischemia studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of folic acid on locomotor activity, aversive memory and Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity in the frontal cortex and striatum in animals ...
Srilatha K - - 2012
Biodiesel synthesis from rice bran fatty acids (RBFA) was carried out using cesium exchanged 12-tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) catalysts. The physico-chemical properties of the catalysts were derived from X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of NH(3) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characterization techniques revealed that ...
Skytt Dorte M - - 2012
Glutamate is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and astrocytes are key players in sustaining glutamate homeostasis. Astrocytes take up the predominant part of glutamate after neurotransmission and metabolism of glutamate is necessary for a continuous efficient removal of glutamate from the synaptic area. Glutamate may either be ...
Anderson Robin C - - 2012
Strategies are sought to reduce intestinal colonisation of food-producing animals by Campylobacter jejuni, a leading bacterial cause of human foodborne illness worldwide. Presently, we tested the antimicrobial activity of hydrolysable-rich blackberry, cranberry and chestnut tannin extracts and condensed tannin-rich mimosa, quebracho and sorghum tannins (each at 100 mg/mL) against C. jejuni ...
Morabito R - - 2012
Nematocytes' discharge is triggered to perform both defense and predation strategies in cnidarians and occurs under chemico-physical stimulation. In this study, different compounds such as amino acids and proteins (mucin, albumin, poly-L: -lysine, trypsin), sugars and N-acetylate sugars (N-acetyl neuraminic acid, N-acetyl galactosamine, sucrose, glucose, agarose and trehalose), nucleotides (ATP ...
Kadirvel Manikandan - - 2012
Ester prodrugs have the potential to eliminate the gastrotoxicity associated with the carboxylic acid group of indomethacin. 4,6-Bis-O-2'-[1'-(4″-chlorobenzoyl)-5'-methoxy-2'-methyl-1'H-indol-3'-acetyl]-myo-inositol-1,3,5-orthoacetate (2) was synthesised and evaluated as a COX-2 inhibitor. It adopts a conformationally restricted chair with two indomethacin groups in the sterically hindered 1,3-diaxial positions. Acid-induced cleavage of the orthoacetate lock of ...
Honda Malca Sumire - - 2012
CYP153A from Marinobacter aquaeolei has been identified as a fatty acid ω-hydroxylase with a broad substrate range. Two hotspots predicted to influence substrate specificity and selectivity were exchanged. Mutant G307A is 2- to 20-fold more active towards fatty acids than the wild-type. Residue L354 is determinant for the enzyme ω-regioselectivity.
Xie Haibo - - 2012
In this work, we found that lignosulfonic acid (LS), which is a waste byproduct from the paper industry, in ionic liquids (ILs) can catalyze the dehydration of fructose and inulin into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) efficiently, which is a promising potential substitute for petroleum-based building blocks. The effects of reaction time, temperature, ...
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