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Baâtour Olfa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Two varieties of Origanum majorana (Canadian and Tunisian) were evaluated for their phenolic, flavonoid and tannin contents, individual phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities under NaCl constraint. RESULTS: The results showed a significant variability in phenolic composition and antioxidant behavior between the two varieties under salt stress. The phenolic composition ...
Li Bing - - 2012
Phoxim insecticide is widely used in agriculture, which is toxic to insect pests and nontarget organisms. The phoxim poisoning is hard to prevent for silkworms. TiO(2) NPs have been widely applied in whitening, brightening foods, toothpaste or sunscreens, and orally-administered drugs. However, whether TiO(2) NPs can increase resistance of silkworm ...
Johnston Meghan - - 2012
A series of N-formyl-α-amino acid esters of β-lactone derivatives structurally related to tetrahydrolipstatin (THL) and O-3841 were synthesized that inhibit human and murine diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL) activities. New ether lipid reporter compounds were developed for an in vitro assay to efficiently screen inhibitors of 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol hydrolysis and related lipase activities ...
Tsai Shih-Jei - - 2012
Anti-oxidative, anti-glycative and anti-apoptotic effects of oleanolic acid in brain from D-galactose treated mice were examined. Oleanolic acid at 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2% was supplied to mice for 10wk. D-galactose treatment increased reactive oxygen species and protein carbonyl levels (P<0.05), and reduced activity and protein production of glutathione peroxide, superoxide ...
Luque Antonio M - - 2012
By combining a description of the potential profile at electrodes coated with acid thiol monolayers with a quadratic relationship between activation energy and electrode potential, a rather simple expression for proton transfer voltammograms is derived. Our electrostatic analysis shows that proton transfer can only produce narrow voltammetric peaks when the ...
Suzuki Masashi - - 2012
Spirastrellolides A (1) and B (3) have been isolated as free acids from a marine sponge Epipolasis sp. collected in the East China Sea. These compounds had been isolated from the Caribbean marine sponge Spirastrella coccinea after conversion to the methyl ester. We examined the cytotoxic activities of 1 and ...
Jain Avijita - - 2012
A series of dipeptide substituted nickel complexes with the general formula, [Ni(P(Ph)(2)N(NNA-amino acid/ester)(2))(2)](BF(4))(2), have been synthesized and characterized (P(2)N(2) = 1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane, and the dipeptide consists of the non-natural amino acid, 3-(4-aminophenyl)propionic acid (NNA), coupled to amino acid/esters = glutamic acid, alanine, lysine, and aspartic acid). Each of these complexes is an ...
Suttle Jeffrey C JC US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, 1605 Albrecht Blvd. N, Fargo, ND 58102-2765, USA. - - 2012
The effects of azole-type P450 inhibitors and two metabolism-resistant abscisic acid (ABA) analogues on in vitro ABA-8'-hydroxylase activity, in planta ABA metabolism, endogenous ABA content, and tuber meristem dormancy duration were examined in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Russet Burbank). When functionally expressed in yeast, three potato CYP707A genes were ...
Das R - - 2012
Silver nanoparticles have been prepared through the chemical reduction of silver ions by ethanol using linoleic acid as a stabilising agent. This colloidal solution shows an absorption band in the visible range with an absorption peak at 421 nm. The peaks in the X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern matches well with the ...
Drzewiecka Kinga - - 2012
Salicylic acid content and benzoic acid 2-hydroxylase (BA2H) activity were investigated in tobacco Bel-W3 and Bel-B leaves after exposure to tropospheric ozone in the conditions of ambient air. Plants were exposed in accordance with a standard methodology for ozone biomonitoring, in a three-year experiment. Free salicylic acid (SA), conjugated with ...
Moradi-Afrapoli Fahimeh - - 2012
A methanolic extract from aerial parts of Polygonum hyrcanicum (Polygonaceae) showed high activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC50 = 3.7 microg/mL). Bioassay-guided fractionation of the extract resulted in isolation of cinnamoylphenethyl amides, including N-trans-caffeoyltyramine (1), N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine (7), and N-trans-feruloyltyramine (8) as the main active constituents (IC50s ranging from 2.2 to ...
Marei Waleed F - - 2012
Using specific stains and confocal microscope imaging, the patterns of mitochondrial distribution, mitochondrial inner membrane potential and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels during bovine oocyte maturation were determined in the presence or absence of physiological concentrations of linoleic acid (LA; 100µM) or α-linolenic acid (ALA; 50µM). Mitochondrial distribution in control ...
Akihisa Toshihiro - - 2012
Five new saccharide fatty acid esters, named nonioside P (3), nonioside Q (4), nonioside R (8), nonioside S (10), and nonioside T (14), and one new succinic acid ester, butyl 2-hydroxysuccinate (=4-butoxy-3-hydroxy-4-oxobutanoic acid) (31), were isolated, along with 26 known compounds, including eight saccharide fatty acid esters, 1, 2, 5, 6, ...
Jang Yun-Woo - - 2012
The root of Hibiscus syriacus (Malvaceae) has been used for treatment of fungal diseases such as tinea pedis (athlete's foot). In this study, we investigated the antifungal constituent of the root of Hibiscus syriacus Ggoma, which was produced by a mutation breeding using gamma ray irradiation, and compared the antifungal ...
Hui David Y DY Department of Pathology, Metabolic Diseases Institute, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45237-0507, USA. - - 2012
The phospholipase A2 (PLA2) family of proteins includes lipolytic enzymes that liberate the sn-2 fatty acyl chains from phospholipids to yield nonesterified fatty acids and lysophospholipids. The purpose of this review is to discuss recent findings showing distinct roles of several of these PLA2 enzymes in inflammatory metabolic diseases such ...
Xie Wenlei - - 2012
WO(3)/AlPO(4) catalysts were prepared by impregnation of AlPO(4) with ammonium metatungstate. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and thermo gravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) demonstrated that the tungsten compound was incorporated into AlPO(4) forming the catalyst with an enhanced acidity. When transesterification of soybean oil over ...
Felber Arnaud E - - 2012
Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) are a class of compounds with high therapeutic potential. One of the challenges facing this platform is the development of effective techniques to achieve cellular delivery. AON conjugates, in which traditional AONs are attached to certain biomolecules, can exhibit improved intracellular bioavailability in the absence of delivery ...
Suryawan Agus - - 2012
Previously we demonstrated that the insulin- and amino acid-induced activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is developmentally regulated in neonatal pigs. Recent studies have indicated that members of the System A transporter (SNAT2), the System N transporter (SNAT3), the System L transporters (LAT1 and LAT2), and ...
Alasalvar Cesarettin - - 2012
Seven grades of black tea [high-quality black tea (grades 1-3) and low-quality black tea (grades 4-7)], grown in the Rize province of Turkey, were compared for their differences in descriptive sensory analysis (DSA), aroma-active compounds (volatile compounds), and taste-active compounds (sugar, organic acid, and free amino acid compositions). Ten flavor ...
Eom Tae-Kil - - 2012
In this study, eight kinds of phenolic acid conjugated chitooligosaccharides (PA-c-COSs) with different substitution groups, including p-hydroxyl {hydroxybenzoic acid-c-COS (HBA-c-COS), p-coumaric acid-c-COS (PCA-c-COS)}, 3,4-dihydroxyl {protocatechuic acid-c-COS (PTA-c-COS), caffeic acid-c-COS (CFA-c-COS)}, 3-methoxyl-4-hydroxyl {vanillic acid-c-COS (VNA-c-COS), ferulic acid-c-COS (FRA-c-COS)} and 3,5-dimethoxyl-4-hydroxy {syringic acid-c-COS (SRA-c-COS), sinapinic acid-c-COS (SNA-c-COS)}, were prepared by amide coupling ...
Aparna V - - 2012
Ester bond hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids by Phospholipase A(2) and consequent release of fatty acids is the initiating step of inflammation. It is proposed here that the inhibition of PLA(2) is one of the ways to control inflammation. Investigations are done to identify the mode of inhibition of PLA(2) by ...
Pérez Bianca C - - 2012
A series of cinnamic acid/4-aminoquinoline conjugates conceived to link, through a proper retro-enantio dipeptide, a heterocyclic core known to prevent hemozoin formation, to a trans-cinnamic acid motif capable of inhibiting enzyme catalytic Cys residues, were synthesized as potential dual-action antimalarials. The effect of amino acid configuration and the absence of ...
Gousiadou Chrysoula - - 2012
A new iridoid glycoside, 6'-O-E-caffeoyl-mussaenosidic acid( ), in addition to one known aglycon, four known triterpenes and one known flavonoid, were isolated from the aerial parts of Scutellaria albida subsp. albida. Furthermore, 12 iridoids with similar structures isolated from Scutellaria sp., were examined for their inhibitory potency on lipoxygenase and ...
Xue Zhixiong - - 2012
ω-3 fatty acid desaturase is a key enzyme for the biosynthesis of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids via the oxidative desaturase/elongase pathways. Here we report the identification of three ω-3 desaturases from oomycetes, Pythium aphanidermatum, Phytophthora sojae, and Phytophthora ramorum. These new ω-3 desaturases share 55 % identity at the amino acid ...
Wang Min - - 2012
GSK189254 and its corresponding precursor GSK185071B were synthesized from 3-methoxyphenylacetic acid with 6-chloropyridine-3-carbolic acid or 6-chloronicotinamide in 8 and 7 steps with either 6% or 7% and either 14% or 16% yield, respectively. [(11)C]GSK189254 was prepared from GSK185071B with [(11)C]CH(3)OTf through N-[(11)C]methylation and isolated by HPLC combined with solid-phase extraction ...
Dutta Arghya - - 2012
A new porous organic-inorganic hybrid tin phosphonate material has been synthesized hydrothermally, which shows a Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of 723 m(2) g(-1) and it adsorbs 4.8 mmol g(-1) CO(2) at 273 K and 5 bar pressure. The material also shows remarkable catalytic activity in one-pot liquid phase oxidation of cyclohexanone ...
Tu Wei-Chun - - 2012
Desaturase and elongase are two key enzyme categories in the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) pathway that convert dietary α-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) to docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3). The Δ6 desaturase is considered as rate limiting in the conversion. In a previous study in barramundi we demonstrated that the desaturase had a ...
Brisdelli Fabrizia - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of six lichen metabolites (diffractaic acid, lobaric acid, usnic acid, vicanicin, variolaric acid, protolichesterinic acid) on proliferation, viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level towards three human cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (cervix adenocarcinoma) and HCT-116 (colon carcinoma). ...
Yamano Yoshi - - 2012
A new cyclic depsipeptide, designated neamphamide B (1), was isolated from a marine sponge of Neamphius sp. collected at Okinawa, Japan in 1993 as an anti-mycobacterial substance against active and dormant bacilli. The planar structure of neamphamide B (1) was determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, and stereostructure of ...
Haghighi Maryam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This paper reports for the first time the influence of partially replacing the nitrogen (N) source of a nutrient solution with amino acids and humic acid on the physiological and antioxidant activities and N metabolism in lettuce. A hydroponic experiment was designed to replace 25 and 50% of the ...
Miyata Shingo - - 2012
Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are major transcription factors that regulate the expression of genes involved in fatty acid and cholesterol biosynthesis. Here we show that 4'-hydroxyflavanone (4'-HF) impairs the fatty acid synthase promoter activity and reduces the activation of SREBPs and their target gene expression in human hepatoma Huh-7 ...
Büschleb Martin - - 2012
The non-proteinogenic amino acids capreomycidine and epicapreomycidine are constituents of antibiotically active natural products, but the synthesis of these unusual cyclic guanidine derivatives is challenging. The biosynthesis of capreomycidine has therefore been employed as a guideline to develop a concise biomimetic synthesis of both epimeric amino acids. The resulting domino-guanidinylation-aza-Michael-addition ...
Yong Jianping - - 2012
Rupestonic acid (isolated from the Chinese traditional medicine Artemisia rupestris L.) is a sesquiterpene with multifunctional groups and possess higher activity against influenza virus B. In order to improve the biological activity of rupestonic acid, many derivatives have been synthesized and their anti-influenza activity was screened. This review describes the ...
Sakamoto Shuichi - - 2012
Decalpenic acid is a natural small molecule previously isolated from the fermentation broth of fungi that induces early osteoblastic markers in pluripotent mesenchymal cells. Treatment of mouse pluripotent mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells with decalpenic acid gave rise to a morphological change similar to that induced by the treatment with retinoic acid, ...
Jaramillo Colorado Beatriz Eugenia - - 2012
The chemical composition of essential oils isolated from aerial parts of Triphasia trifolia (Burm. f.) P. Wilson was analyzed using hydrodistillation by GC-MS. The main constituents found were: β-pinene (64.36%), (+)-sabinene (8.75%), hexadecanoic acid (6.03%), α-limonene (4.24%) and p-cymene (2.73%). The essential oil from T. trifolia shows high antioxidant potential ...
Sidoryk Katarzyna - - 2012
The syntheses of neocryptolepine derivatives containing an amino acid or a dipeptide at the C-9 position and their evaluation for antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo are reported. To establish the influence of an amino acid or a peptide on the physicochemical properties of 5H-indolo[2,3-b]quinoline (DiMIQ), lipophilic and hemolytic ...
Nahalka Jozef - - 2012
Hydrophobic cellular membranes separate cells from an environment that is generally based on water. Therefore, it is not surprising that hydrophilic glycans and glycoproteins are exposed on the lipidic surface of membranes and that the glycocalyx has evolved in all basic cell types. During the evolution of multicellular life, the ...
Bitziou Eleni - - 2012
Gastric acid secretion is regulated by three primary components that activate the parietal cell: histamine, gastrin and acetylcholine (ACh). Although much is known about these regulatory components individually, little is known on the interplay of these multiple activators and the degree of regulation they pose on the gastric acid secretion ...
Liu Qin - - 2012
Graphene (GR) was synthesized through electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and characterized by spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/graphene modified glassy carbon electrode (PVP/GR/GCE) was prepared and applied for the fabrication of dopamine (DA) sensors without the interference of ascorbic acid (AA). Compared to bare GCE, an increase of current ...
Lee Young Ho - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to identify the candidate causal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and candidate causal mechanisms influencing uric acid level and to generate hypotheses for the SNP to gene to pathways that influence uric acid concentrations. METHODS: Meta-analysis data of 954 SNPs with genome-wide significance in ...
Laszlo Joseph A - - 2012
Ferulic acid and its esters are known to be effective antioxidants. Feruloyl di-γ-linolenoylglycerol was assessed for its ability to serve as an antioxidant for preventing the oxidation of its γ-linolenoyl polyunsaturated fatty acyl groups in model membrane phospholipid vesicles. The molecule was incorporated into single-lamellar vesicles comprised of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. Feruloyl ...
Matsubara Tsutomu T Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United - - 2013
Enterohepatic circulation serves to capture bile acids and other steroid metabolites produced in the liver and secreted to the intestine, for reabsorption back into the circulation and reuptake to the liver. This process is under tight regulation by nuclear receptor signaling. Bile acids, produced from cholesterol, can alter gene expression ...
Morucci Florencia - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lithrea molleoides (Vell.) Engl. (Anacardiaceae) is a medicinal plant commonly used in traditional medicine in South America. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, the in vivo antinociceptive effect of L. molleoides' aqueous extract and its isolated compounds has been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antinociceptive activity was ...
Graziose Rocky - - 2012
AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to identify the antiplasmodial constituents from the bark of Cornus florida L., a plant traditionally used in North America for the treatment of malaria. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Dried and powdered bark was extracted with 95% ethanol. The resultant extract was ...
Bak Lasse K - - 2012
Synthesis of neuronal glutamate from α-ketoglutarate for neurotransmission necessitates an amino group nitrogen donor; however, it is not clear which amino acid(s) serves this role. Thus, the ability of the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), leucine, isoleucine, and valine, to act as amino group nitrogen donors for synthesis of vesicular ...
Dastmalchi Keyvan - - 2012
The edible fruits of Myrciaria vexator McVaugh (Myrtaceae), from northern South America, are eaten in certain locales, either fresh or processed into jellies and drinks. Activity-guided fractionation of M. vexator resulted in identification of ellagic acid (1), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (2), delphinidin-3-O-glucoside (3), 2-O-(3,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid (4), and jaboticabin (5), and latter two ...
Rodrígues-Poveda Carlos A - - 2012
As part of our efforts aimed at searching for new antiparasitic agents, the effect of representative 2-alkylaminoethyl-1,1-bisphosphonic acids on Trypanosoma cruzi squalene synthase (TcSQS) was investigated. These compounds had proven to be potent inhibitors of T. cruzi. This cellular activity had been associated with an inhibition of the enzymatic activity ...
Li Hongjuan - - 2012
Lactobacillus casei AST18 was screened as an antifungal lactic acid bacteria which we have reported before. In this research, the antifungal properties of cell-free culture filtrate (CCF) from L. casei AST18 were detected, and the antifungal compounds of CCF were prepared by ultrafiltration, and semi-preparative HPLC, and then determined by ...
Chuysinuan Piyachat - - 2012
Caffeic acid (CA) was chemically immobilized onto the surfaces of the individual electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) fibers to enhance the hydrophilicity and impart the antioxidant activity to the obtained fibrous membranes. This was done in two sequential steps. First, amino groups were covalently introduced onto the surfaces through the reaction ...
Patel Riteshkumar J - - 2012
Exudate analysis indicated that both hydroxamated methacrylic acid-based (HX-MAA) and methacrylic acid-based (MAA) beads without hydroxamation, implanted in an air pouch with gelatin discs, elicited similar biological responses, with both resulting in high cell counts and chemokine (MCP3) levels, relative to control, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) beads. HX-MAA beads had been ...
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