Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1556
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Becker Lillian C - - 2009
Hyaluronic acid, sodium hyaluronate, and potassium hyaluronate function in cosmetics as skin conditioning agents at concentrations up to 2%. Hyaluronic acid, primarily obtained from bacterial fermentation and rooster combs, does penetrate to the dermis. Hyaluronic acid was not toxic in a wide range of acute animal toxicity studies, over several ...
Taban Mehryar - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report our preliminary experience using hyaluronic acid gel fillers as a nonsurgical alternative in the management of congenital eyelid malpositions. METHODS: In this retrospective interventional case series, 5 patients (10 eyes) with congenital eyelid malpositions, including eyelid retraction, ectropion, euryblepharon, epiblepharon, and abnormalities associated with a shallow orbit, ...
Kresge Nicole - - 2009
Enzymatic Carboxyl Activation of Amino Acids (Hoagland, M. B., Keller, E. B., and Zamecnik, P. C. (1956) J. Biol. Chem. 218, 345-358).
Dinkelaar Jasper - - 2009
An efficient synthetic strategy toward a hyaluronic acid (HA) tri-, penta-, and heptamer having a glucosamine-reducing end is reported. The synthesis is based on a glucuronate ester thioglycoside and a trifluoro-N-phenylimidate glucosamine building block. The HA-fragments are synthesized using an S-phenyl GlcN-GluA building block through a combination of chemoselective and ...
Taura F - - 2009
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana, is now regarded as a promising medicine because this cannabinoid has been shown to exert a variety of therapeutic activities. It has been demonstrated that THC is generated from the acidic precursor, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) by nonenzymatic decarboxylation, and that THCA is biosynthesized ...
Mathieu Pierre - - 2009
Viscosupplementation is a symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) intended to restore rheologic homeostasis of the synovial fluid by injecting hyaluronic acid intraarticularly. Despite the long history of this therapy, little is known about its mechanisms of action and differences between commercial preparations. We investigated the rheologic behavior of OA synovial ...
Beasley Karen L - - 2009
Over the past decade, the popularity of nonsurgical cosmetic procedures has increased exponentially. Last year, according to the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, more than 5 million procedures were performed using cosmetic injectables such as botulinum toxin and dermal filling agents. According to the society's recent statistics, more than ...
Lacombe Victor - - 2009
Sculptra is a biocompatible, resorbable injectable filler composed of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA). It falls in the class of a stimulatory filler that creates its effect through encouraging neocollagenesis when injected. As it differs from traditional, static fillers such as hyaluronic acid and collagen, it requires a special understanding of how ...
Arena Salvatore - - 2009
PURPOSE: Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid implantation is associated with a granulomatous inflammatory reaction, replaced by fibrosis. Appearance of myofibroblasts is considered a crucial event in fibrosis, and CD68 positive cells and other factors are implied in their activation. Mast cells are a source of these factors and tryptase can induce fibroblast to ...
Alkhraisat M H - - 2009
The improvement of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) cohesion is essential for its application in highly blood perfused regions. This study reports the effectiveness of hyaluronic acids of different molecular weights in the enhancement of brushite cement cohesion. The cement was prepared using a powder phase composed of a mixture of ...
Grogan Kirk A - - 2009
In the recent past, nonsurgical treatment of osteoarthritis was limited to rest, immobilization, physical therapy, activity modifications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, weight loss, assistive devices for walking, and corticosteroid injections. Viscosupplementation is a welcome addition to the nonsurgical armamentarium available to physicians. It is used to introduce hyaluronic acid into ...
Fagnola Matteo - - 2009
Two experimental spectroscopic methods for the determination of the content of hyaluronic acid in solution are provided based on the formation of complexes between the hyaluronic acid and cationic dyes with sensitivity down to concentrations of either 0.25 or 2.5 microg/ml. These techniques were applied to commercial hydrophilic contact lenses ...
Grigoriu Bogdan - - 2009
We assessed comparatively the diagnostic value of two potential malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) markers: hyaluronic acid (HA) and soluble mesothelin. We measured serum and pleural fluid values of mesothelin and hyaluronic acid in 76 patients with MPM, 33 patients with pleural metastases of carcinomas (Mets group) and 27 patients with ...
Kim Jungju - - 2009
Hyaluronic acid is a natural glycosaminoglycan involved in biological processes. Low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (10 and 50 kDa)-based hydrogel was synthesized using derivatized hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid was acrylated by two steps: (1) introduction of an amine group using adipic acid dihydrazide, and (2) acrylation by N-acryloxysuccinimide. Injectable hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel ...
Hedén Per - - 2009
Driven by the rising popularity of minimally invasive techniques, the demand for cosmetic procedures is increasing. Cosmetic body-shaping procedures can be categorized into those that remove tissue and those that add volume. This review focuses on the latter of these categories, particularly on the use of resorbable hyaluronic acid gels ...
Strauss Eric J - - 2009
Intra-articular hyaluronic acid viscosupplementation is gaining popularity as a treatment option in the nonoperative management of patients with osteoarthritis. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory, anabolic, and chondroprotective actions of hyaluronic acid reduce pain and improve patient function. With evidence mounting in support of the efficacy of this ...
Lu Xin-Liang - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of salvianolic acid B (Sal-B) on pancreatic damage in experimental chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: Chronic pancreatitis was induced by infusion of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid into the pancreatic duct in male Sprague-Dawley rats. From the beginning of 5 weeks, the rats in group 2 were treated with ...
Meyer W - - 2009
Two different fluorescence stains, green: 5-hexadecanoylaminofluorescein, and red: BODIPY(R) 665/676 [(E,E)-3, 5-bis-(4-phenyl-1,3-butadienyl)-4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a, 4a-diaza-s-indacene, produced good results regarding the demonstration of glycolipids, free fatty acids and triglycerides in mammalian skin material that had been embedded in a water miscible plastic resin (Technovit(R) 7100). In this way, functional aspects of specific structures ...
Narayanan Raja - - 2009
Various pharmacologic vitreolysis agents, including hyaluronidase, urea, plasmin, dispase, tissue plasminogen activator and chondroitinase have been tested. Pharmacologic vitreolysis can avoid the complications of surgery such as cataract, endophthalmitis, retinal hemorrhage, tear or detachment, and anesthesia related complications. Hyaluronan is a major macromolecule of vitreous. It is a long, unbranched ...
Adas Gokhan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study demonstrates the effect of hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose on the healing of colonic anastomosis. METHOD: 30 female Wistar-Albino rats were divided into three groups; control group 1 (n=10), treated with hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose, group 2 (n=8) treated with HBO and group 3 with hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose and HBO. RESULT: Bursting pressure ...
Kim Su-Young - - 2008
The survival mechanism of dormant tubercle bacilli is unknown; however, accumulating evidence indicates that Mycobacterium tuberculosis can survive and persist in hypoxic and mildly acidic microenvironments. Such conditions are found in the acidic vacuoles of macrophages, which M. tuberculosis is known to target. We used DECAL (differential expression using customized ...
Kim Jiseok - - 2008
The effect of chemical modification of hyaluronic acid (HA) on its distribution throughout the body was successfully visualized in nude mice through real-time bioimaging using quantum dots (QDots). Adipic acid dihydrazide modified HA (HA-ADH) was synthesized and conjugated with QDots having carboxyl terminal ligands activated with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide and N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide. ...
Ionov R - - 2009
Langmuir monolayers of dioctadecyldimethyammonium bromide and its interaction with the natural mucopolysaccharide hyaluronic acid are studied using thermodynamic methods and X-ray diffraction at grazing incidence. The 2D crystalline lattice parameters of different phases are determined. The monolayer compressibility, the linear crystalline compressibility components and the thermoelastic expansion coefficient are evaluated. ...
Koseki Takuma - - 2008
It was attempted to produce novel furosemide (FS) fast-disintegrating tablets by direct compression. The combination of FS, microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium and xylitol was used as the basic formulation, and sucrose stearic acid ester (SSE) was chosen as an additional additive. The tablets with SSE were prepared by the simple ...
Schweinfurth John M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The newborn is heavily dependent on voice communication and therefore has relatively higher vocal demands and expenditures than the adult, the loudness output per mass performance exceeds that of the adult, and the newborn larynx exhibits significant histological and biochemical differences. The neonatal larynx is capable of sustaining relatively ...
Wang Xin Yu - - 2008
Cladonia peziziformis (With.) J.R. Laundon was collected from Baega mountain, Jeonnam Province, Korea in 2008. It is characterized by short and slender podetia with verruculose surface, split along the sides. Apothecia large, pale brown, always growing on the top of the podetia. Primary squamules shell-like, thick, and convex. Fumarprotocetraric acid ...
Sun Yulong Y Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2008
Although the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon's gliding resistance is low, the lubrication mechanism that enables this is unclear. The principal lubricants in joints, such as hyaluronic acid, phospholipids, and lubricin, a lubricating glycoprotein, are known to be present in the canine tendon. In this study, we assessed the effect ...
Zimmermann Carolyn M - - 2008
This paper describes the sequence of analyses used to determine the nature of a stain located on the floor of room in the former Athens Mental Health and Retardation Hospital in Athens, OH. The location of the stain was reported to be the position in which a decomposing body was ...
Ashley Richard - - 2008
PURPOSE: Injecting dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer has gained popularity as first line treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. However, ureteroneocystostomy has typically been more successful than endoscopic treatments. We evaluated the outcome of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer injection vs that of extravesical ureteroneocystostomy via a 2 cm inguinal incision (mini-ureteroneocystostomy) for unilateral vesicoureteral reflux. ...
Ozegowski J-H - - 2008
The effect of the microbial hyaluronic acid splitting enzyme hyaluronate lyase produced by Streptococcus agalactiae was investigated in vitro in human atherosclerotic plaque specimens and in vivo on Watanabe heritable hyperlipidaemic rabbits (WHHL) as an animal model for familiar hypercholesteraemia. The in vitro presence of the enzyme caused a partial ...
Jain Vandana - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report infection of self-sealing wounds in cataract surgery by unusual acid-fast organisms. METHODS: Two patients who underwent phacoemulsification and developed corneal tunnel infection by acid-fast organisms were included. Both were managed with appropriate medical and surgical treatment modalities. RESULTS: Diagnosis was facilitated in the first case by diagnostic ...
Andre Pierre - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid injections are becoming popular in aesthetic dermatology, and, sometimes, misplacements and very rarely adverse events have been reported. Hyaluronidase, an enzyme that hydrolyzes hyaluronic acid, is used to treat overcorrection or granulomatous reactions. Allergic reactions are well known except for how frequent they occur. OBJECTIVE: This paper ...
McCollough C B CB Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Fisheries Service, Cooperative Oxford Laboratory, Oxford 21654, MD, USA. - - 2008
Many bacterial and protozoan pathogens in fish and shellfish exhibit acid-fast staining characteristics that are important for pathogen identification and disease diagnosis. The classic acid-fast staining techniques for light microscopy use carbol-fuchsin; a major ingredient of this stain is caustic and hazardous phenol. A new technique using heated aqueous basic ...
Shalom Avshalom - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid is a common component of the extracellular matrix, has many medical applications, and is widely used as a soft tissue filler in patients who simultaneously or eventually undergo cosmetic procedures to the areas treated. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the effect of hyaluronic acid on wound ...
Kim Jungju - - 2008
Hyaluronic acid is a naturally derived glycosaminoglycan (GAG) involved in biological processes. A low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (50 kDa)-based hydrogel was synthesized using acrylated hyaluronic acid. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) sensitive hyaluronic acid-based hydrogels were prepared by conjugation with two different peptides: cell adhesion peptides containing integrin binding domains (Arg-Gly-Asp: ...
Hagihara Shinya - - 2008
Multicomponent sensing in complex matrices with synthetic pores became feasible with the introduction of amplifiers. Amplifiers are defined as molecules that can covalently capture undetectable analytes after enzymatic signal generation and drag them into the pore for transduction. Here, we introduce converters as molecules that can shift the reactivity of ...
Rasheed M U - - 2008
An experimental comparative study was conducted in order to compare the positivity pattern of sputum microscopy using the direct and overnight sedimentation Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) smears, direct and NaOCl pretreated centrifuged ZN smears and overnight sedimentation and NaOC1 pretreated centrifuged ZN smears methods. We examined 660 sputum smeared slides for the ...
Moller Louise - - 2008
The impact of fasting on IHL (intrahepatic lipid) content in human subjects has not been investigated previously, but results indicate that it may change rapidly in response to metabolic cues. The aim of the present study was to measure IHL content after fasting and to correlate this with circulating lipid ...
Duan Xu-Jie - - 2008
Dissolved oxygen (DO) and shear stress have pronounced effects on hyaluronic acid (HA) production, yet various views persist about their effect on the molecular weight of HA. Accordingly, this study investigated the effects of DO and shear stress during HA fermentation. The results showed that both cell growth and HA ...
Schweiger Eric S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of cleft lip, while correcting deformity and dysfunction, may leave residual cosmetic imperfections. The resultant asymmetry and low volume of the upper lip can be addressed surgically and via less invasive methods. OBJECTIVE: We present the first reported use of injectable hyaluronic acid to correct the characteristic ...
Douse-Dean Tracee - - 2008
The use of hyaluronic acid (HA) filler substances for facial skin wrinkling and volume loss has become popular. With increasing use, physicians are likely to encounter side effects. One such side effect is a bluish discoloration known as the Tyndall effect. Recently, we have encountered a few cases in which ...
Webster J D - - 2008
Placentitis, premature birth, and perinatal death were associated with Encephalitozoon cuniculi infection in an alpaca. Histologically, chorionic trophoblasts contained many Gram-positive, period acid-Schiff positive, variably acid-fast spores. Multifocal necrosis and infiltration by lymphocytes, eosinophils, and neutrophils were scattered throughout the chorionic membrane. Spores in trophoblasts were approximately 1 microm x ...
Tezel Ahmet A University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, USA. - - 2008
The use of injectable materials for soft-tissue augmentation has been increasing in the United States, reflecting the introduction of new hyaluronic acid (HA)-based dermal fillers. HA dermal fillers vary widely in their physical and chemical characteristics and many variables contribute to their overall performance. This article explains the basic science ...
Tuomikoski Pauliina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy predisposes women to liver disorders years after affected pregnancy. We compared the basal levels and responses of hyaluronic acid, a marker of liver fibrosis, and liver transaminases to postmenopausal hormone therapy in women with (n = 20) and without (n = 20) a history of ...
Jong Ambrose - - 2008
Pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans causes devastating cryptococcal meningoencephalitis. Our previous studies demonstrated that C. neoformans hyaluronic acid was required for invasion into human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC), which constitute the blood-brain barrier. In this report, we demonstrate that C. neoformans hyaluronic acid interacts with CD44 on HBMEC. Our results ...
Mochizuki H - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was performed to separately assess the aqueous flow applied with hyaluronic acid, and the behaviour of hyaluronic acid itself on the ocular surface. METHODS: Two different fluorescent dyes, fluorescein sodium dissolved in 0.1% hyaluronic acid (HA) solution and 0.1% fluorescein conjugated with hyaluronic acid (F-HA) dissolved in ...
Leonelli Francesca - - 2008
Paclitaxel (1a), a well known antitumor agent adopted mainly for the treatment of breast and ovarian cancer, suffers from significant disadvantages such as low solubility, certain toxicity and specific drug-resistance of some tumor cells. To overcome these problems extensive research has been carried out. Among the various proposed strategies, the ...
Visco A M - - 2008
Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, both pure and electron beam irradiated, was exposed to air and hyaluronic acid. Physical and mechanical analyses were performed in order to check the polymeric change due to the treatment. Pure UHMWPE, in fact, was modified by the hyaluronic acid that plasticizes the polymer. The ...
Brandt Fredric S - - 2008
Time affects facial aging by producing cellular and anatomical changes resulting in the consequential loss of soft tissue volume. With the advent of new technologies, the physician has the opportunity of addressing these changes with the utilization of dermal fillers. Hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal fillers are the most popular, non-permanent ...
Itoh Hideomi - - 2008
Hydrazines and their derivatives are versatile artificial and natural compounds that are metabolized by elusive biological systems. Here we identified microorganisms that assimilate hydrazones and isolated the yeast, Candida palmioleophila MK883. When cultured with adipic acid bis(ethylidene hydrazide) as the sole source of carbon, C. palmioleophila MK883 degraded hydrazones and ...
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