Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1574
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Shen Junhui - - 2012
Diabetic retinopathy is a major complication of dysregulated hyperglycemia. Retinal vascular endothelial cell dysfunction is an early event in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. Studies showed that hyperglycemia-induced excess proliferation of retinal vascular endothelial cells can be abrogated by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 ω-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 ω-3). ...
Tamokou Jean de Dieu Jde - - 2012
Albizia adianthifolia is used traditionally in Cameroon to treat several ailments, including infectious and associated diseases. This work was therefore designed to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethyl acetate extract, fractions and compounds isolated from the stem bark of this plant. The plant extract was prepared by maceration ...
Tan Bi'e - - 2012
As the nitrogenous precursor of nitric oxide, L-arginine regulates multiple metabolic pathways involved in the metabolism of fatty acids, glucose, amino acids, and proteins through cell signaling and gene expression. Specifically, arginine stimulates lipolysis and the expression of key genes responsible for activation of fatty acid oxidation to CO2 and ...
Kolb Steffen - - 2012
Acidic wetlands are global sources of the atmospheric greenhouse gases methane (CH(4)), and nitrous oxide (N(2)O). Consumption of both atmospheric gases has been observed in various acidic wetlands, but information on the microbial mechanisms underlying these phenomena is scarce. A substantial amount of CH(4) is consumed in sub soil by ...
Zimin Sergey P - - 2012
We report a novel synthesis of porous PbSe layers on Si substrates using anodic electrochemical treatment of PbSe/CaF2/Si(111) epitaxial structures in an electrolyte solution based on glacial acetic acid and nitric acid. Electron microscopy, x-ray diffractometry, and local chemical microanalysis investigations results for the porous layers are presented. Average size ...
Voruganti V Saroja VS Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute San Antonio, TX, - - 2012
The delta-5 and delta-6 desaturases (D5D and D6D), encoded by fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) and 2 (FADS2) genes, respectively, are rate-limiting enzymes in the metabolism of ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids. The objective of this study was to identify genes influencing variation in estimated D5D and D6D activities in ...
Moser Theresa S TS Department of Microbiology, Penn Genome Frontiers Institute, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2012
The cell intrinsic innate immune responses provide a first line of defense against viral infection, and often function by targeting cellular pathways usurped by the virus during infection. In particular, many viruses manipulate cellular lipids to form complex structures required for viral replication, many of which are dependent on de ...
Brandes Vanessa V Institut für Toxikologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, D-30625 Hannover, - - 2012
Toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factors of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD). TcdA and TcdB mono-glucosylate small GTPases of the Rho family, thereby causing actin re-organisation in colonocytes, resulting in the loss of colonic barrier function. The hydrophilic bile acid tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) is an ...
Ibrahim Mohd Hafiz - - 2012
A split plot 3 by 4 experiment was designed to characterize the relationship between production of gluthatione (GSH), oxidized gluthatione (GSSG), total flavonoid, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activities (FRAP and DPPH) in three varieties of Labisia pumila Blume, namely the varieties alata, pumila and lanceolata, under four levels of ...
Jakab Zsolt - - 2011
The first sulfonic acid mimetic of the sulfated Lewis A pentasaccharide in which the natural l-fucose unit is replaced by a d-arabinose ring was synthesized. Formation of the sulfonic acid moiety at a pentasaccharide level could be successfully achieved by means of introduction of an acetylthio moiety into the terminal ...
Huang Lisi - - 2011
Clonorchis sinensis fatty acid-binding protein (CsFABP) belongs to a multigene family of lipid-binding proteins and is considered to be a promising vaccine candidate for human clonorchiasis. In this study, binding characteristics of CsFABP have been examined for the first time. The recombinant CsFABP (rCsFABP) was found to bind 11-(dansylamino) undecanoic ...
Ramakrishnan Srinivasan S Department of Cellular Biology, Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases, University of Georgia, Athens,Georgia 30602, - - 2012
Apicomplexan parasites are responsible for high impact human diseases such as malaria, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis. These obligate intracellular pathogens are dependent on both de novo lipid biosynthesis as well as the uptake of host lipids for biogenesis of parasite membranes. Genome annotations and biochemical studies indicate that apicomplexan parasites can ...
Zhi Xiaoyong - - 2012
Bile acid-like molecules named dafachronic acids (DAs) control the dauer formation program in Caenorhabditis elegans through the nuclear receptor DAF-12. This mechanism is conserved in parasitic nematodes to regulate their dauer-like infective larval stage, and as such, the DAF-12 ligand binding domain has been identified as an important therapeutic target ...
Feng Mei-Li - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Phthalic acid diamide derivatives are among the most important classes of synthetic insecticides. In this study, a 3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy group, the essential active group of pyridalyl derivatives, was incorporated into phthalic acid diamide derivatives with the aim of combining the active groups to generate more potent insecticides. RESULTS: Thirty-one new ...
Zivanovic Ana - - 2011
The c-AMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) inhibition, haemolytic activity, and cytoxicity of 21 extracts obtained from North Western Australian sponges collected from depths of 84-135 m were investigated. Hexane extracts from Ircinia/Sarcotragus sp. and Geodia sp. displayed PKA inhibitory activities of 100 and 97% respectively (at 100 microg/mL), while aq. ...
Kaithwas Gaurav - - 2011
The fixed oil of L. usitatissimum (flaxseed/linseed) inhibited PGE2-, leukotriene-, histamine- and bradykinin-induced inflammation. The oil also inhibited arachidonic acid-induced inflammation, suggesting its capacity to inhibit both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways of arachidonate metabolism. In tail immersion model, the oil raised the pain threshold to a lesser extent than morphine ...
Dai Zhao - - 2011
A quantitative research of microspheres, poly(ethylene glycol dimethacrylate-co-acrylic acid) (P(EGDMA-co-AA)) and poly(divinvlbenzene-80-co-acrylic acid) (P(DVB-co-AA)), with active carboxyl groups on surface prepared by distillation-precipitation polymerization was presented in this paper. The loading capacity of active carboxyl group on microspheres which was investigated by titration technique would be increased and the contact ...
Deschermeier Christina - - 2011
Lipoic acid is an essential cofactor for enzymes that participate in key metabolic pathways in most organisms. While in mammalian cells lipoylated proteins reside exclusively in the mitochondria, apicomplexan parasites of the genus Plasmodium harbor two independent lipoylation pathways in the mitochondrion and the apicoplast, a second organelle of endosymbiotic ...
Gökbulut Alper - - 2011
In continuation of ongoing studies on the potential of natural products as antiprotozoal leads or drugs, it was found that the CH (2)Cl (2) extract obtained from the flowering aerial parts of INULA MONTBRETIANA DC. (Asteraceae, tribe Inuleae) displays antiprotozoal activity, especially against TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI RHODESIENSE (IC (50): 3.38 µg/mL). Isolation ...
Campo Vanessa L - - 2011
This work describes the synthesis of a series of sialylmimetic neoglycoconjugates represented by 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazole-sialic acid derivatives containing galactose modified at either C-1 or C-6 positions, glucose or gulose at C-3 position, and by the amino acid derivative 1,2,3-triazole fused threonine-3-O-galactose as potential TcTS inhibitors and anti-trypanosomal agents. This series ...
Vigueira Patrick A PA Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA. - - 2012
Trypanosoma brucei, a eukaryotic pathogen that causes African sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in cattle, depends on the enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) for full virulence in mice. ACC produces malonyl-CoA, the two carbon donor for fatty acid synthesis. We assessed the effect of haloxyfop, an aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicide inhibitor of ...
Amissah Felix - - 2011
Polyisoprenylation is a set of secondary modifications involving proteins whose aberrant activities are implicated in cancers and degenerative disorders. The last step of the pathway involves an ester-forming polyisoprenylated protein methyl transferase- and hydrolytic polyisoprenylated methylated protein methyl esterase (PMPMEase)-catalyzed reactions. Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been ...
Uluata Sibel - - 2012
The oils of some unconventional oilseeds (hemp, radish, terebinth, stinging nettle, laurel) were obtained by a cold-press method in which the total oil content, fatty acids, tocopherol isomers, some metal contents (Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu), antioxidant activity and oxidative stability were determined. The total oil content was determined ranging between ...
Nakatani Fumiki - - 2011
The procyclic stage of Trypanosoma brucei is covered by glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored surface proteins called procyclins. The procyclin GPI anchor contains a side chain of N-acetyllactosamine repeats terminated by sialic acids. Sialic acid modification is mediated by trans-sialidases expressed on the parasite's cell surface. Previous studies suggested the presence of more ...
Omeje Edwin Ogechukwu - - 2011
Column fractionation and purification of an n-hexane fraction led to the isolation of three lupeol-based triterpenoid esters from the leaves of the Eastern Nigeria mistletoe, Loranthus micranthus Linn parasitic on a local kola nut tree, Kola acuminata. These three compounds were adequately characterised using a combination of UV/visible, IR, NMR ...
Nguyen The Han TH Dept. of Marine Food Science and Technology, Gangneung-Wonju National Univ., Gangneung 210-702, Republic of - - 2011
One therapeutic approach for preventing diabetes mellitus and obesity is to retard the absorption of glucose via inhibition of α-glucosidase. Two unsaturated fatty acids with strong α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, 7(Z)-octadecenoic acid (1) and 7(Z),10(Z)-octadecadienoic acid (2), were purified from the body wall of Stichopus japonicus. IC(50) values of compounds 1 ...
Ivanova A N - - 2011
Macrophage activity was studied after treatment with hybrid molecules obtained by condensation of terpenic acid residues (betulinic and betulonic acids) and α-tocopherol analogues (α-tocopherol hemisuccinate and Trolox acid). As distinct from betulinic acid and α-tocopherol hemisuccinate, hybrid molecules did not exhibit cytotoxicity in relation to mouse peritoneal macrophages in the ...
Batalova T A - - 2011
New compounds of β-cyclodextrin containing covalently bound (conjugated) residues of acetylsalicylic and 1-(4-isobutylphenyl)-propionic acids were synthesized in the reaction of chlorides of the corresponding acids with β-cyclodextrin. We studied antiplatelet and antiphlogistic properties of these substances. It was shown that new compounds are comparable and in some cases are superior ...
Mageshwaran Vellaichamy - - 2012
An antibacterial metabolite was isolated from Paenibacillus polymyxa HKA-15, a soybean bacterial endophyte. The purification of the crude metabolite from Paenibacillus polymyxa HKA-15 was done by column chromatography. In TLC, a spot with an R ( f ) value of 0.86 (±0.02) from the purified fraction showed bioactivity against Xanthomonas ...
Arenahalli Ningegowda Madhu - - 2012
Prebiotic Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) escape metabolism in upper GI tract undergo microbial metabolism in colon and thereby influence the nature, type and number of intestinal microbiota to improve host's health. The present study focuses on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194 to utilize FOS as a selective carbon and energy ...
Baykova V S - - 2011
Anxiolytic agent afobazole (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally) 24 h after ischemia restores impaired balance of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in the striatum of mongrel rats, normalizes their content to control levels, and activates endogenous taurine-dependent system of neuroprotection.
Lee Eun Ha - - 2011
Aldose reductase (AR) is the first enzyme in the polyol pathway. AR has been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Ursolic acid and fourteen synthetic derivatives with ursane skeleton were tested for recombinant human aldose reductase (rhAR) inhibitory activity for development of diabetic complications. ...
Yalcin Hasan H Engineering Faculty, Dept of Food Engineering, Erciyes Univ, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey. - - 2011
Clary sage seeds (Salvia sclarea L.) were obtained from plants cultivated, and 2.5, 4.0, 5.5, and 7.0 kGy doses of γ-irradiation were applied to the clary sage seeds. They were then analyzed for their protein, ash, oil and dry matter contents, and fatty acid composition. Additionally, the total phenolic contents, ...
Dwiecki Krzysztof - - 2012
The focus of the present research was to study inhibition of lipoxygenase activity by rapeseed native polyphenols and the interactions between those compounds and the enzyme. The enzyme and polyphenolic compounds (polyphenols, phenolic acids) were extracted from rapeseed (Brassica napus) varieties Aviso and PR45DO3. The total phenolic compounds concentration in ...
Picón-Camacho Sara M - - 2011
Traditionally, malachite green administrated as in-bath treatment was the most effective and common strategy used in freshwater aquaculture systems to control infections of the ciliate protozoan parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet, 1876. After the ban of malachite green in the USA and Europe to be used in fish for human consumption, ...
Khalil M I - - 2011
The phenolic acid and flavonoid contents of Malaysian Tualang, Gelam, and Borneo tropical honeys were compared to those of Manuka honey. Ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay (FRAP) and the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activities were also quantified. All honey extracts exhibited high phenolic contents (15.21 ± 0.51- 42.23 ± 0.64 mg/kg), flavonoid ...
Sulaiman Shaida Fariza - - 2011
ABSTRACT In order to investigate the role of roasting conditions in antioxidant formation, methanol and hot water extracts from Robusta coffee beans roasted for various lengths of time and at various temperatures were analyzed for total phenolic acid, chlorogenic acid, and caffeine content, as well as for their antioxidant activities ...
Matemu Athanasia O - - 2011
Peptide mixtures prepared from soybean β-conglycinin (7S-peptides) were acylated with saturated fatty acids of different chain length (6C-18C) in order to improve their antiviral activity against Feline calicivirus (FCV) strain F9 which is a typical norovirus surrogate. Among the fatty acids varieties, it was revealed that 7S-peptides acylated with myristic and palmitic ...
Kang Kiyoon - - 2011
Rice (Oryza sativa cv. Dongjin) plants responded to treatment with methanol by inducing the synthesis of secondary metabolites such as serotonin derivatives which include feruloylserotonin and 4-coumaroylserotonin. This response was not only a dose dependence on methanol showing a maximum effect with 1% methanol concentration, but also methanol specific. No ...
Chen Qiuping Q School of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang Univ., Hanzhou 310029, - - 2011
The inhibitory effects of oiltea camellia extracts (OCEs) and its active components on fatty acid synthase (FAS) were investigated. OCE potently inhibited the activity of FAS with an half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC₅₀) value of 2.30 μg/mL. The inhibition kinetic results showed that OCE and acetyl-CoA competitively inhibited FAS but these ...
Gülçin Ilhami - - 2011
  The raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) is an economically important berry crop that contains many phenolic compounds with potential health benefits. In this study, important pomological features, including nutrient content and antioxidant properties, of a domesticated and 3 wild (Yayla, Yavuzlar, and Yedigöl) raspberry fruits were evaluated. Also, the amount of ...
Giorgi M Eugenia - - 2011
A dense glycocalix covers the surface of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease. Sialic acid in the surface of the parasite plays an important role in the infectious process, however, T. cruzi is unable to synthesize sialic acid or the usual donor CMP-sialic acid. Instead, T. cruzi expresses a ...
Jiang Hui - - 2011
Herein, we have designed a special strategy for detection of the important neurotransmitter serotonin by coupling the electrodeposition of serotonin oxidative products with the adsorption-controlled anodic electrochemiluminescent dynamics of the CdSe-triethylamine system. The stable electrochemiluminescent emission is found to decline in the presence of serotonin. This uncommon inhibition is attributed ...
Shiraishi Takehiko - - 2011
We have designed a pair of biotinylated peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes targeting two sequences in 18S rRNA (from the parasite Trypanosoma brucei) at a distance of 191 nt (corresponding to maximum distance of ca. 60 nm) from each other. The PNA probes were individually bound to (strept)avidin-coated fluorescent beads, ...
Dayangac-Erden Didem - - 2011
Proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common autosomal recessively inherited neuromuscular disorder. It is caused by homozygous absence of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. SMN2, which modulates the severity of the disease, represents a major target for therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Ghosh P - - 2011
Two triterpenoids, taraxerone and tricadenic acid A were isolated from the methanol extract of the outer bark of Schleichera oleosa available in Darjeeling foothills. A preliminary study on their antimicrobial activities was also performed against some fungal and bacterial species. The structure of these compounds was determined by means of ...
Alam Nuhu - - 2011
Cellular damage caused by reactive oxygen species has been implicated in several diseases, thus establishing a significant role for antioxidants in maintaining human health. Acetone, methanol, and hot water extracts of Pleurotus citrinopileatus were evaluated for their antioxidant activities against β-carotene-linoleic acid and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, reducing power, ferrous ion-chelating ...
Filella Iolanda - - 2011
Monodontomerus aeneus (Fonscolombe) is a parasitic wasp that oviposits on the prepupae and pupae of Osmia cornuta (Latreille) and other solitary bee species. A two-armed olfactometer was used to test the olfactory attractiveness of O. cornuta prepupae, cocoon, and larval frass to female M. aeneus. Both cocoon and frass attracted ...
Prakash Dhan - - 2011
Phenols, a major group of antioxidant phytochemicals, have profound importance due to their biological and free radical scavenging activities. To identify their potential sources extracts of some fruits and their different parts were studied for total phenolic contents (TPC), antioxidant (AOA) and free radical scavenging activities (FRSA). The amount of ...
Imolorhe Ijeme A - - 2011
The phenylacetic acid (PA) degradative pathway is the central pathway by which various aromatic compounds (e.g., styrene) are degraded. Upper pathways for different aromatic compounds converge at common intermediate phenylacetyl-CoA (PA-CoA), which is then metabolized to succinyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA. We previously made a link in Burkholderia cenocepacia between PA degradation ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >