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Guo Xiao-Long XL Center for Biomedical Materials and Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, 145 Nantong Street, Nangang, District, Harbin, 150001, PRChina; Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Medicine Research (Harbin Medical University), Ministry of Education, Harbin, 150086, - - 2013
Poly (glycerol-sebacate) (PGS) is an elastomeric biodegradable polyester. Our previous series of studies have showed that PGS has good biocompatibility. In view of the potential use of PGS in bioengineering, we attempt to characterize the PGS polymer with different ratio of glycerol and sebacic acid, and the cell adhesion and ...
Molinari Aurora - - 2013
We report on the synthesis of two series of 1,4-naphthohydroquinone derivatives conjugated with amino acids (Gly, Ala, Phe, and Glu) and with substituted purines linked by an aliphatic chain. The compounds were obtained through Diels-Alder cycloaddition between myrcene and 1,4-benzoquinone and evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxicity (GI50 ) against ...
Morin Caroline - - 2013
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have been shown to inhibit the induction and progression of many tumor types. However, the anticancer effect of n-3 PUFA monoglyceride on colorectal cancer has yet to be assessed. The aim of the present study was to determine the anti-tumorigenic effects of docosahexaenoic acid ...
Wallingford Sarah C - - 2013
Laboratory-based evidence suggests that omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids may affect skin photocarcinogenesis but epidemiological evidence is inconsistent. In 1,191 white Australian adults, we prospectively investigated associations between baseline plasma concentrations of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and cutaneous basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Relative ...
Weisburg Jeffrey H - - 2013
The antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of ellagic acid, a dietary polyphenol, were studied. The neutral red cytotoxicity assay compared the sensitivities of gingival fibroblasts and HSC-2 oral carcinoma cells to ellagic acid. The ferrous ion oxidation xylenol orange assay and levels of intracellular reduced glutathione were used to assess pro-oxidant ...
Dhakar Nidhi - - 2013
Detection of cancer at an early stage is of utmost importance to decrease the morbidity and mortality of the disease. Apart from the conventional biopsy, non-invasive methods like analysis of serum and saliva may provide cost-effective approach for screening a large population. Tumor markers are a major part of secondary ...
Jeong Young Il - - 2013
All-trans retinoic acid (RA)-incorporated nanoparticles were prepared using deoxycholic acid-conjugated dextran (DexDA). Anticancer activity of RA-incorporated DexDA nanoparticles were tested in vitro and in vivo. RA-incorporated nanoparticles were prepared by dialysis. Antiproliferative and anti-invasive potential of RA-incorporated nanoparticles were studied using CT26 colorectal carcinoma cells. RA-incorporated nanoparticles have small particle ...
Jiang Wei - - 2013
Two novel cyclodepsipeptides containing an unusual anthranilic acid dimer and a d-phenyllactic acid residues, clavatustides A (1) and B (2), were identified from cultured mycelia and broth of Aspergillus clavatus C2WU isolated from Xenograpsus testudinatus, which lives at extreme, toxic habitat around the sulphur-rich hydrothermal vents in Taiwan Kueishantao. This ...
Oshima Yuichi Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kinki Central - - 2013
Recently n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been reported to play protective roles against cardiovascular diseases. Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is one of the critical diseases in the circulatory system. However the relationship between n-3 PUFAs and PTE has not been reported. A total of 144 outpatients of the division of ...
Huang Yanmin - - 2012
Using deoxycholic acid as starting materials, a series of 12a-aza-C-homo-12-one 7-deoxycholic acid derivatives were synthesized The antiproliferative activity of the synthesized compounds against some carcinoma cell lines was investigated. The results showed that some 12-oxy-12a-aza-C-homo-7-deoxycholic acid derivatives displayed distinct cytotoxicity to HeLa (human cervical carcinoma) and Tu 686 (laryngocarcinoma) tumor ...
Breza Joseph M - - 2012
Sour and salt taste interactions are not well understood in the peripheral gustatory system. Therefore, we investigated the interaction of acetic acid and NaCl on taste processing by rat chorda tympani neurons. We recorded multi-unit responses from the severed chorda tympani nerve (CT) and single-cell responses from intact narrowly tuned ...
Heredia-Olea Erick - - 2012
Two different diluted acid pretreatments (sulfuric and hydrochloric acid) and one mixture of these acids were tested in sweet sorghum bagasse and analyzed through surface response methodologies. The response variables were C5 and C6 sugars and inhibitors (acetic acid, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, and furfural). Results indicated that the three different pretreatments yielded ...
Formaker Bradley K - - 2012
Component signaling in taste mixtures containing both beneficial and dangerous chemicals depends on peripheral processing. Unidirectional mixture suppression of chorda tympani (CT) nerve responses to sucrose by quinine and acid is documented for golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). To investigate mixtures of NaCl and acids, we recorded multifiber responses to 50 ...
Leydier Fabien - - 2012
The adsorption of CO on amorphous silica-alumina (ASA) was calculated by DFT. CO appears as a probe of the electrostatic field induced by the whole surface, at the origin of a so-called vibrational Stark effect responsible for the CO frequency shifts. Brønsted acidity of the ASA sites does not directly ...
Espunya M Carme - - 2012
S-Nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) is a bioactive, stable, and mobile reservoir of nitric oxide (NO), and an important player in defence responses to herbivory and pathogen attack in plants. It has been demonstrated previously that GSNO reductase (GSNOR) is the main enzyme responsible for the in vivo control of intracellular levels of ...
Recht Lee - - 2012
The aim of this research was to study the impact of nitrogen starvation on the production of two major secondary metabolites, fatty acids and carbohydrates, in two microalgae: Nannochloropsis sp. and Haematococcus pluvialis. The major response to nitrogen starvation in both algae occurred within the first 2 days, accompanied by a ...
Leontyev Danila - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sialylation of the N-linked glycan on asparagine-297 within the Fc region of intravenous gammaglobulins (IVIgs) was shown to be necessary for efficacy of IVIg in the amelioration of experimental inflammatory arthritis. To test the role for Fc sialylation of IVIg in immune modulating therapies beyond the K/BxN arthritis model, ...
Czikora Agnes - - 2012
AIMS: We hypothesized that arachidonic acid produced by anandamide breakdown contributes to the vascular effects of anandamide. MAIN METHODS: Isolated, pressurized rat skeletal muscle arteries, which possess spontaneous myogenic tone, were treated with anandamide, arachidonic acid, capsaicin (vanilloid receptor agonist), WIN 55-212-2 (cannabinoid receptor agonist), URB-597 (FAAH inhibitor), baicalein (lipoxygenase ...
Tappel Ryan C - - 2012
The composition of medium-chain-length (MCL) poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) (PHA) biopolymers is normally an uncontrollable random mixture of repeating units with differing side chain lengths. Attempts to generate MCL PHA homopolymers and control repeating unit composition have been published in native PHA-producing organisms but have limited ranges for the different sizes of repeating ...
Al-Khalifa H - - 2012
There is interest in the enrichment of poultry meat with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in order to increase the consumption of these fatty acids by humans. However, there is concern that high levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may have detrimental effects on immune function in chickens. The effect ...
Ishii Sho - - 2012
Acetic acid induces unique physiological responses in mammalian cells. Our previous study found that fura-2-loaded human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells showed a robust intracellular fluorescence response immediately after stimulation with acetic acid, and no such response in the case of citric acid. In the present study, we aimed to ...
Gromiha M Michael - - 2012
Olfactory receptors are key components in signal transduction. Mutations in olfactory receptors alter the odor response, which is a fundamental response of organisms to their immediate environment. Understanding the relationship between odorant response and mutations in olfactory receptors is an important problem in bioinformatics and computational biology. In this work, ...
Trupp Miles - - 2012
Statins are widely prescribed for reducing LDL-cholesterol (C) and risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but there is considerable variation in therapeutic response. We used a gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass-spectrometry-based metabolomics platform to evaluate global effects of simvastatin on intermediary metabolism. Analyses were conducted in 148 participants in the Cholesterol and Pharmacogenetics ...
Wallingford Sarah C - - 2012
Intake of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids may modify the risk of basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC and SCC), but population-based evidence is limited and inconsistent. We examined prospectively associations between intake of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids estimated from food frequency questionnaires and BCC and ...
Kim Jihye - - 2011
To develop a more potent NFκB inhibitor from salicylic acid which is known to inhibit activity of NFκB, a transcription factor regulating genes involved in immunity, inflammation and tumorigenesis, derivatives of salicylic acid (SA) where the 5 position, carboxyl or hydroxyl group was modified were treated in HCT116 cells transfected ...
Park Si Jae - - 2012
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biopolyesters that generally consist of 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-hydroxycarboxylic acids, which are accumulated as carbon and energy storage materials in many bacteria in limited growth conditions with excess carbon sources. Due to the diverse substrate specificities of PHA synthases, the key enzymes for PHA biosynthesis, PHAs ...
Torrego-Solana Noelia - - 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2 growing on waste frying oils is capable to synthesize polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) and hydroxy-fatty acids as a result of several enzymatic conversions. In order to study the physiological role of PHA biosynthesis in P. aeruginosa with respect to the synthesis of hydroxy-fatty acids, an unmarked deletion mutant ...
Sabarirajan Jayaraja - - 2011
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an endotoxin, a potent stimulator of immune response and induction of LPS leads to acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). ARDS is a life-threatening disease worldwide with a high mortality rate. The immunological effect of LPS with spleen and thymus is well documented; however the ...
Nudel B C - - 2011
Optimization of caprylic acid precipitation of equine plasma non-immunoglobulin proteins for antivenom preparation was achieved by regression analysis of the responses of three highly significant factors assayed by factorial design. The factors studied were caprylic acid concentration, plasma pH and temperature, and their response was assessed in terms of filtration ...
Labadie Pierre - - 2011
The biogeochemical dynamics of 15 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) were investigated in a heavily urbanised river (River Seine, Paris, France). The target compounds included C4-C10 sulfonates and C5-C14 acids; eleven PFCs were detected and ∑PFCs ranged between 31 and 91 ng L(-1) (median: 47 ng L(-1)). The molecular pattern was dominated by the perfluoroalkyl sulfonates ...
Torres-Rodríguez Carolina - - 2011
Purpose: To measure the demineralization capacity of 37% phosphoric acid on surface and subsurface bovine enamel after bleaching with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Materials and Methods: Three equally-sized sections with 16 mm2 of exposed enamel surface were obtained from the enamel of 10 bovine incisors. One specimen sample from each crown ...
Guo Wenbin - - 2011
When Pseudomonas mendocina NK-01 was cultivated in a 200-L fermentor using glucose as carbon source, 0.316 g L(-1) medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA(MCL)) and 0.57 g L(-1) alginate oligosaccharides (AO) were obtained at the end of the process. GC/MS was used to characterize the PHA(MCL), which was found to be a polymer mainly consisting of 3HO ...
Vargas Mariángela - - 2011
Snake bite is a common medical emergency in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The taipan, Oxyuranus scutellatus, inflicts a large number of bites that, in the absence of antivenom therapy, result in high mortality. Parenteral administration of antivenoms manufactured in Australia is the current treatment of choice for these envenomings. However, ...
Kara Haluk Baris - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different surface treatments (air abrasion, acid etching, laser irradiation) on the surface roughness of a lithium-disilicate-based core ceramic. A total of 40 discs of lithium disilicate-based core ceramic (IPS Empress 2; Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were prepared (10 mm in ...
Sajeesh S - - 2011
The study was aimed at the evaluation of N-vinyl pyrrolidone (NVP) incorporated polymethacrylic acid-chitosan microparticles for oral drug delivery applications. Poly (methacrylic acid)-chitosan (PMC) and poly(methacrylic acid-vinyl pyrrolidone)-chitosan (PMVC) microparticles were prepared by an ionic-gelation method. Mucoadhesion behaviour of these particles was evaluated by ex-vivo adhesion method using freshly excised ...
Magasinski Alexandre - - 2010
Si-based Li-ion battery anodes offer specific capacity an order of magnitude beyond that of conventional graphite. However, the formation of stable Si anodes is a challenge because of significant volume changes occurring during their electrochemical alloying and dealloying with Li. Binder selection and optimization may allow significant improvements in the ...
McGeouch Carrie-Anne - - 2010
This Article reports the use of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) for the quantitative study of acid-induced dissolution. An ultramicroelectrode (UME) is used to generate a flux of protons galvanostatically just above a sample surface, creating controlled acid challenges relevant to acid erosion. The electrochemical technique produces etch features in the ...
Zhang Eric J - - 2010
An etch method based on surface tension driven flows of hydrofluoric acid microdroplets for the fabrication of low-loss, subwavelength-diameter biconical fiber tapers is presented. Tapers with losses less than 0.1 dB/mm are demonstrated, corresponding to an order of magnitude increase in the optical transmission over previous acid-etch techniques. The etch ...
Bruggeman Joost P - - 2010
Biodegradable elastomers based on polycondensation reactions of xylitol with sebacic acid, referred to as poly(xylitol sebacate) (PXS) elastomers have recently been developed. We describe the in vivo behavior of PXS elastomers. Four PXS elastomers were synthesized, characterized, and compared with poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). PXS elastomers displayed a high level of ...
Matsumoto Kazuya K Center for Biomedical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307, United States, and Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., Catalysis Science Laboratory, 1144 Togo, Mobara-shi, Chiba 297-0017, - - 2010
The use of proteins in advanced nanotechnological applications requires extended stabilization of the functional protein conformation and enhanced activity. Here we report that simple cationic poly(amino acid)s can significantly increase the activity of the multidomain protein supercomplex Photosystem-I (PS-I) in solution better than other commonly used chemical detergents and anionic ...
Li Zicheng - - 2011
A modular and convenient synthesis of ethynyl end functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) in high purity is reported; this material facilitated access to poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(acrylic acid) which self-assembled into hierarchical structures.
Bílková Eliška - - 2010
The reaction of α-amino-ω-methoxypoly(ethylene glycol) [M = 5000] or star α-amino-poly(ethylene glycol) [M = 20 000] with hemiesters of prednisolone dicarboxylic acids (succinic, glutaric, adipic, phthalic acid) has been used to prepare the corresponding conjugates. The rate of esterase catalyzed hydrolysis of the conjugates is controlled by the molecular mass of ...
Parker N G - - 2010
Acoustics offers rich possibilities for characterizing and monitoring the biopolymer structures being employed in the field of biomedical engineering. Here we explore the rudimentary acoustic properties of two common biodegradable polymers: poly(lactic acid) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid). A pulse-echo technique is developed to reveal the bulk speed of sound, acoustic impedance ...
Okasaka Yu - - 2010
A novel vinyl monomer, 3-dimethylamino-6-(p-methacrylamidophenylazo)phenylboronic acid (AzoPBA), which had been prepared by the coupling of p-aminophenyl methacrylamide hydrochloride with m-dimethylaminophenylboronic acid in the presence of sodium nitrite, was polymerized with 3-dimethylaminopropylacrylamide (DMAPAA). The copolymer obtained (Poly(DMAPAA/AzoPBA)) bound to sugars such as fructose and glucose in a weakly alkaline region (8 ...
Firat Esra - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of an etch-and-rinse adhesive to enamel and dentin after treatment with Er:YAG laser using different pulse durations. Extracted human molars were flattened to obtain enamel or dentin surfaces. The enamel specimens (E) were divided into nine groups and ...
Sakuma Shinji - - 2010
Oligoarginines, which are known as cell-penetrating peptides, enhance the cellular uptake of poorly membrane-permeable bioactive molecules that are chemically conjugated to them. We designed a novel polymer: oligoarginine-linked poly(N-vinylacetamide-co-acrylic acid), with the expectation that the polymers will enhance the cellular uptake of the bioactive molecules that are physically mixed with ...
Dundar Berivan - - 2011
Conditioning of the enamel surface is now an accepted and widely applied technique used to improve retention in porcelain laminate veneer restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate strength of the bond between porcelain laminate veneers and tooth surfaces etched with acid and laser, separately and together. The ...
Rubinshtein Mark - - 2010
A general method for synthesizing alpha-hydroxy N-acylindoles in one-pot via an acid-catalyzed condensation of a convertible isonitrile with water and various aldehydes is presented. These intermediates were incorporated into poly(alpha-hydroxy acid) copolymers bearing residues with functionalizable side chains, which could be further modified through Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cylcoaddition reactions. This versatile ...
Rodríguez-Carmona Escarlata - - 2010
The development of innovative medicines and personalized biomedical approaches require the identification and implementation of new biocompatible materials produced by methodologically simple and cheap fabrication methods. The biological fabrication of materials, mostly carried out by microorganisms, has historically provided organic compounds with wide-spectrum biomedical applications, including hyaluronic acid, poly(gamma-glutamic acid) ...
Giordanengo Rémi - - 2010
The complete structural characterization of a copolymer composed of methacrylic acid (MAA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) units was achieved using tandem mass spectrometry. In a first step, collision-induced dissociation (CID) of sodiated MAA-MMA co-oligomers allowed us to determine the co-monomeric composition, the random nature of the copolymer and the sum ...
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