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Results 301 - 350 of 1419
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Cava D - - 2007
Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) has been used to characterise the surface properties of polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA). The dispersive component of the surface free energy (gamma(S)(D)) was found to be very small for both of them--values close to 30 mJ/m(2) in the case of the PLA and ca. ...
Kamei Yasutaka - - 2007
To prepare sulfur-containing natural polymers effectively, several plant oils and 3,3'-thiodipropionic acid (TDP) have been used as carbon sources for the biosynthesis of copolymer poly[(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(3-mercaptopropionate)] [poly(3HB-co-3MP)] by a wild-type bacterium Cupriviadus necator H16. By using the plant oils, copolymer accumulation and incorporation of 3MP units are greater than those of ...
Rajkumar Rajagopal - - 2007
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) against fructosyl valine (Fru-Val), the N-terminal constituent of hemoglobin A1c beta-chains, were prepared by cross-linking of beta-D-Fru-Val-O-bis(4-vinylphenylboronate) with an excess of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) or trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TRIM). Control MIPs were prepared in analogy by cross-linking the corresponding vinylphenylboronate esters of fructose and pinacol. After ...
Timbart Laurianne - - 2007
The presence of a hydroxyl group at the end of poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) oligomers, noted PHO oligomers, is required to prepare diblock copolymers with improved properties by ring-opening polymerization of cyclic monomer as epsilon-caprolactone. Several chemical methods such as basic hydrolysis, acid-catalyzed reaction with APTS, and methanolysis were used to prepare well-defined ...
Steininger H - - 2007
The melting behaviour and transport properties of straight chain alkanes mono- and difunctionalized with phosphonic acid groups have been investigated as a function of their length. The increase of melting temperature and decrease of proton conductivity with increasing chain length is suggested to be the consequence of an increasing ordering ...
Shi Dongjian - - 2007
Hyperbranched copolymers were prepared by the heat transesterification of 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (4HCA) and 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid (DHCA) with a high 4HCA composition dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). The nanoparticles were formed after two homogeneous copolymer solutions were mixed in DMF and TFA, which are both good solvents for the copolymer P(4HCA-co-DHCA). ...
Henßge Antje - - 2007
The chemical etching of silicon using HF-HNO(3) mixtures is a widely used process in the processing of silicon wafers for microelectronic or photovoltaic applications. The control of the etch bath composition is the necessary condition for an effective bath utilization, for the replenishment of the consumed acids, and to maintain ...
Sedlák Milos - - 2007
This paper reports on the synthesis, characterisation, and efficiency of a new intravenous conjugate of amphotericin B (AMB). Twelve molecules of AMB were attached to block copolymer poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(L-lysine) via pH-sensitive imine linkages. In vitro drug release studies demonstrated the conjugate (M(w)=26,700) to be relatively stable in human plasma and ...
Kim Taek Gyoung - - 2007
A blend mixture of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) was electrospun to produce fibrous meshes that could release a protein drug in a controlled manner. Various biodegradable polymers, such as poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA), poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL), and poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) were dissolved, along with PEO and lysozyme, in a mixture ...
Peumans Marleen - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a "mild" two-step self-etching adhesive, Clearfil SE, in Class V restorations after 5 years of clinical functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients received two or four restorations following two randomly assigned experimental protocols: ...
Khanna Shilpi - - 2007
The capability of different organic acids to produce a derivative of PHB [poly(3-hydroxybutyric-co-3-hydroxyvaleric acid), P(3HB-co-3HV)] was examined in shake flask cultivations. Propionic and valeric acids demonstrated the potential to produce P(3HB-co-3HV) under nitrogen limiting conditions at 30 degrees C. The addition time and the initial concentration of valeric acid needed ...
Lupi-Pégurier Laurence - - 2007
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of Er:YAG laser pretreatment procedures in fissure sealing. The fissures of 90 third molars were prepared in the mesial halves with Er:YAG laser (lambda = 2,940 nm, 250 mJ/pulse, 4 Hz, fluence 32 J/cm(2)) and acid etched. They ...
Wei Guobao G Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2209, - - 2007
It is advantageous to incorporate controlled growth factor delivery into tissue engineering strategies. The objective of this study was to develop a three-dimensional (3D) porous tissue engineering scaffold with the capability of controlled releasing recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 (rhBMP-7) for enhancement of bone regeneration. RhBMP-7 was first encapsulated into ...
Lopes Guilherme Carpena - - 2007
Bonding to enamel has over 50 years of history. Efforts have been made to develop or introduce a simplified alternative, but enamel acid etching remains the most effective procedure for stable enamel bonding. Although acid etching is considered the most popular procedure in dentistry, there are characteristics that deserve special ...
Passey Benjamin H - - 2007
The oxygen isotope ratio of CO(2) liberated from structural carbonate in tooth enamel apatite was measured at phosphoric acid reaction temperatures of 25 degrees C, 60 degrees C and 90 degrees C, and it was found that apparent acid fractionation factors for pristine enamel, fossilized enamel, and calcite follow different ...
White Donald J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the reactivity of three dentifrice formulations on smear layer-covered root dentin surfaces, and the effects of the formulation treatments on resistance to acid softening and dentinal tubuli disclosure. METHODOLOGY: Commercial dentifrices, including Crest Cavity Protection Regular, Colgate Total, and a new ...
Rusen Edina - - 2007
This paperwork deals with the obtaining and characterisation of new acrylic cements for bone surgery. The final mixture of cement contains derivatives of methacryloyloxyethyl phosphate, methacrylic acid or 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulphonic acid. The idea of using these monomers is sustained by their ability to form ionic bonds with barium, which is ...
Alves K M R P - - 2007
This study evaluated the effectiveness of acidic low-fluoride dentifrices compared to conventional neutral dentifrices. Enamel blocks were submitted to pH cycling and treatment with slurries of dentifrices containing 0, 275, 412, 550 and 1,100 microg F/g (pH 4.5 or 7.0), and also a commercial dentifrice (1,100 microg F/g) and a ...
Prentice Leon H - - 2007
The release of ions from a glass-ionomer glass, which in the polyacid matrix effects the cross-linking and setting of a cement, can be modelled and initiated by acid-treatment in a dilute acid. This study examined the effect of time of acetic acid leaching on the working time, setting time, and ...
Hove L H - - 2007
The aim of this in vitro study was to examine the effect of fluoride treatment on pellicle-covered enamel exposed to an acidic challenge simulating gastric reflux. Sixteen bovine and 16 human teeth were sectioned into four pieces, divided into four groups: (1) control, (2) 2-hour pellicle, (3) TiF(4), and (4) ...
Ikemura Kunio - - 2007
Multi-purpose bonding performance of three kinds of newly synthesized phosphonic acid monomers was investigated. Methacryloxyalkyl or acryloxyalkyl phosphonoacetates of 6-MHPA, 6-AHPA, 10-MDPA were synthesized in 42.8-51.9% yields with a light yellow viscous liquid, and identified as new compounds by 1H NMR, IR, and elemental analysis. Conventional adhesive monomers, namely VBPA, ...
Müller Holger - - 2006
In this paper we describe how to template a demixed monolayer into a spatially patterned inorganic replica. For this purpose a new amphiphilic monomer was synthesized which can be polymerized both in solution and in the monolayer of a Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) trough. Since it inhibits the crystallization of CaCO3, it ...
Richardson Andrew - - 2007
The developing leaf three of barley provides an excellent model system for the direct determination of relationships between amounts of waxes and cutin and cuticular permeance. Permeance of the cuticle was assessed via the time-course of uptake of either toluidine blue or (14)C-labelled benzoic acid ([(14)C] BA) along the length ...
Rao Zhen - - 2006
An efficient method for the liquid-phase combinatorial synthesis of N4-substituted 1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-diones has been developed. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) stepwise reacted with bromoacetyl bromide, a primary amine and 2-azidobenzoic acid to give a potential PEG-bound dipeptide, which was reduced by NaI / acetic acid, along with concurrent cyclization and cleavage of the ...
Kim Hae-Won - - 2006
Development of fibrous matrices of bioceramic-biopolymer nanocomposite offers great potential in the field of bone regeneration and tissue engineering. However, in order to produce electrospun fibers with homogeneous structure, it is essential for the ceramic powder to be fine and to remain stable in suspension. Herein, we developed a novel ...
Shinohara Mirela Sanae - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although self-etching bonding systems (SES) are indicated to prepare dental enamel for bonding, concerns have been expressed regarding their effectiveness. The aim of this study was to analyze the etching pattern (EP) of nine SES in comparison with 35% and 34% phosphoric acid etchants (FA) on intact (IN) and ...
Naylor Fláviaviegas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze dentinal surfaces that were exposed to acidic beverages, then treated with Nd:YAG laser and afterwards exposed to acidic beverages again. BACKGROUND DATA: Dentin hypersensitivity can result from surface erosion caused by acidic beverages, which exposes and enlarges the dentinal tubules. Nd:YAG ...
Tsuji Hideto - - 2006
The electrospinning of stereocomplex nanofibers of high-molecular-weight poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA)/poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA) (PLLA/PDLA = 1:1) was carried out with chloroform as the spinning solvent. The stereocomplex nanofibers with diameters of 830-1400 and 400-970 nm were successfully obtained at voltages of -12 and -25 kV, respectively. Wide-angle X-ray scattering indicated that ...
Hao Jiyuan - - 2006
Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/Clay hybrids were prepared via in situ polymerization, in which the clay was modified with 12-aminododecanoic acid (ADA). Three types of bifunctional compounds were introduced into the system, respectively, as compatibilizers between PET and ADA-Clay. The three compounds contain 1 degree, 2 degree, and 3 degree amino groups, ...
Govindaraji Senthil - - 2006
Carboxylated pyrrole (Pyr, a index)- and carbazole (Cbz, b index)-containing monomers 6-7a/b and 9a/b have been readily synthesized from the monobenzyl ester of L-glutamic acid and triamine 2 using Clauson-Kaas and amide coupling reactions. In contrast to Pyr-containing compounds 6-7a, and 9a, the three Cbz-containing monomers 6-7b, and 9b have ...
Xie Zhigang - - 2007
A novel amphiphilic polymer-paclitaxel conjugate P(LGG-paclitaxel)-PEG-P(LGG-paclitaxel) has been prepared. It was derived from its parent polymer P(LGG)-PEG-P(LGG), poly{(lactic acid)-co-[(glycolic acid)-alt-(l-glutamic acid)]}-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly{(lactic acid)-co-[(glycolic acid)-alt-(l-glutamic acid)]}, which was prepared by ring-opening copolymerization of l-lactide (LLA) with (3s)-benzoxylcarbonylethyl-morpholine-2,5-dione (BEMD) in the presence of dihydroxyl PEG with molecular weight of 4600 as a ...
Bayle Marie A - - 2007
The role of acrylophosphonic acid monomers in the formation of hybrid layers based on self-etch adhesives. OBJECTIVES: Our plan was to define the reaction products formed when an acrylophosphonic acid reacts with tooth hard tissue. Our aim was to describe the incorporation of the reaction products in the hybrid layer ...
Romberg Birgit - - 2007
Poly(amino acid)s (PAAs) were evaluated as coating polymers for long-circulating liposomes. The pharmacokinetics of PAA-coated liposomes were assessed in rats. Prolonged circulation times were obtained, comparable to those reported for poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-liposomes. Besides, the enzymatic degradability of PAAs was studied. PAAs - in free as well as liposome-associated form ...
Yane Takehisa - - 2006
Molecularly imprinted polymers bearing atrazine transforming activity were prepared by using newly designed templates that are atrazine analogues attached with an allyl or a styryl group via a disulfide bond at the 6-position, methacrylic acid as a functional monomer and styrene/divinylbenzene as crosslinkers. After polymerization, the disulfide bond was reduced ...
Manesh K M - - 2007
Electrospinning was used to prepare the nanofibrous membrane (NFM) of the composite comprising poly(vinylidene fluoride) and poly(aminophenylboronic acid) (PVdF/PAPBA-NFM). The PVdF/PAPBA-NFM displayed an excellent linear response to the detection of glucose for the concentration range of 1 to 15mM with a response time of less than 6s. Further experiments on ...
Lee S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to prepare microspheres loaded with hydrophilic drug, bupivacaine HCl using poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA). Microspheres were prepared with varying the PLGA/PLLA ratio with two different levels of bupivacaine HCl (5 and 10%) using a supercritical anti-solvent (SAS) technique. Microspheres ranging from ...
Portilla-Arias José A - - 2006
The thermal decomposition of poly(beta,l-malic acid), poly(alpha-methyl beta,l-malate), and ionic complexes of the polyacid with alkyltrimethylammonium salts was studied by TGA, GPC, and FTIR and NMR spectroscopy. It was found that poly(beta,l-malic acid) depolymerized above 200 degrees C by an unzipping mechanism with generation of fumaric acid which is then ...
Han Jae Kook - - 2006
An amphiphilic star block copolymer of poly(L-lactic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLLA-b-PEG) was synthesized using a hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene ring (N3P3Cl6) as a core. N3P3(OC6H4-p-CHO)6 was prepared by the reaction between the hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene core and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde sodium salt. N3P3(OC6H4-p-CH2OH)6 was then obtained by reduction of N3P3(OC6H4-p-CHO)6. N3P3(OC6H4-p-CH2OH)6 was used as an initiator to obtain ...
Kim Jung-Ho - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser ablation and of phosphoric acid etching on the in vitro acid resistance of bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Teeth were polished to make the surface flat. The polished enamel was either etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 ...
Kitano Hiromi - - 2007
A single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT), which had been oxidized by incubation with a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid to afford carboxyl groups at its ends, was incubated with an azo-type radical initiator carrying poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl D-glucopyranoside) blocks at both ends (PMEGlc-initiator). Due to its high radical trapping activity, the ...
Dupres Vincent - - 2007
The electrostatic properties and the wetting behaviour of the human hair surface at the nanometric scale have been investigated by using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Surface potential imaging was used to determine the electrostatic properties while non-contact mode AFM was used to investigate the wetting properties of a test liquid, ...
Arany Szilvia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive research has revealed the complexity and heterogeneity of amino acid racemization (AAR) in biological samples. Therefore, to date, inherent uncertainties in relative dating as well as in determination of age at death have highlighted the significance of further investigations to explore aspartic acid kinetics in biominerals. Here we ...
Ganss Carolina - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Aim of the study was to investigate the stability of CaF(2)-like precipitates on enamel and dentine under neutral or acidic conditions and to compare in vitro and in situ results. METHODS: Human enamel and dentine specimens were fluoridated (Elmex fluid, 5 min) and subjected to erosive demineralisation (Sprite light: ...
Yazici A Rüya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Long-term retention of pit and fissure sealants is essential for their success. The aim of this study was to compare the retention rates of sealants placed with acid-etching and air abrasion followed by acid etching. METHODS: Sixteen subjects aged 16 and 17 years were included in the study. Using ...
Sherman Richard N - - 2006
Sculptra, the synthetic injectable poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA), is a revolutionary three-dimensional filler lasting 18 to 24 months. This unique volumizing agent is best used to globally restore volume to the lower two thirds of the face in patients who have lipoatrophy. Sculptra is a biocompatible, biodegradable, and nonimmunogenic derivative of ...
Vicente Ascensión - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the compomer Dyract AP for bonding brackets when conditioning the enamel with phosphoric acid and a non-rinsing conditioner (NRC), in comparison with a control group in which the resin orthodontic adhesive system Transbond XT was used. METHODS: The brackets were bonded to extracted premolars ...
Yu Guanhua - - 2006
A novel cholesterol-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactic acid) copolymer (CPEG-PLA) has been synthesized as a potential surface additive for promoting osteoblast attachment and proliferation. The gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) results indicated the product had expected structure with low polydispersities in the range of 1.1-1.5. By blending the ...
Gunja Najmuddin J - - 2006
The use of biodegradable materials as implants has revolutionized the way medicine is practiced today. This review provides a general description of salient biodegradable polymeric materials currently used in arthroscopy. These materials include polyglycolic acid, self-reinforced polyglycolic acid, poly-L-lactic acid, self-reinforced polylactic-L-acid, poly-D-L-lactic acid, copolymer of poly-D-L-lactic acid polyglycolic acid, ...
Chen Chun-Cheng - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of conditioners (sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), Roth's ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and phosphoric acid) on shear bond strength and morphology of Nd:YAP laser-irradiated dentin. In particular, the key focus was on the bond durability between resin composite and treated dentin after being ...
Hillaireau Hervé - - 2006
Nucleoside analogues, together with nucleobases and nucleotide analogues, are commonly used in the treatment of cancer and viral infections. In both cases, they act as antimetabolite agents and interfere with the synthesis of cellular or viral nucleic acids. However, the need of high doses due to the rapid elimination of ...
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