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McGeouch Carrie-Anne - - 2010
This Article reports the use of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) for the quantitative study of acid-induced dissolution. An ultramicroelectrode (UME) is used to generate a flux of protons galvanostatically just above a sample surface, creating controlled acid challenges relevant to acid erosion. The electrochemical technique produces etch features in the ...
Zhang Eric J - - 2010
An etch method based on surface tension driven flows of hydrofluoric acid microdroplets for the fabrication of low-loss, subwavelength-diameter biconical fiber tapers is presented. Tapers with losses less than 0.1 dB/mm are demonstrated, corresponding to an order of magnitude increase in the optical transmission over previous acid-etch techniques. The etch ...
Bruggeman Joost P JP Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2010
Biodegradable elastomers based on polycondensation reactions of xylitol with sebacic acid, referred to as poly(xylitol sebacate) (PXS) elastomers have recently been developed. We describe the in vivo behavior of PXS elastomers. Four PXS elastomers were synthesized, characterized, and compared with poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). PXS elastomers displayed a high level of ...
Matsumoto Kazuya K Center for Biomedical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307, United States, and Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., Catalysis Science Laboratory, 1144 Togo, Mobara-shi, Chiba 297-0017, - - 2010
The use of proteins in advanced nanotechnological applications requires extended stabilization of the functional protein conformation and enhanced activity. Here we report that simple cationic poly(amino acid)s can significantly increase the activity of the multidomain protein supercomplex Photosystem-I (PS-I) in solution better than other commonly used chemical detergents and anionic ...
Li Zicheng - - 2011
A modular and convenient synthesis of ethynyl end functionalized poly(3-hexylthiophene) in high purity is reported; this material facilitated access to poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(acrylic acid) which self-assembled into hierarchical structures.
Bílková Eliška - - 2010
The reaction of α-amino-ω-methoxypoly(ethylene glycol) [M = 5000] or star α-amino-poly(ethylene glycol) [M = 20 000] with hemiesters of prednisolone dicarboxylic acids (succinic, glutaric, adipic, phthalic acid) has been used to prepare the corresponding conjugates. The rate of esterase catalyzed hydrolysis of the conjugates is controlled by the molecular mass of ...
Parker N G - - 2010
Acoustics offers rich possibilities for characterizing and monitoring the biopolymer structures being employed in the field of biomedical engineering. Here we explore the rudimentary acoustic properties of two common biodegradable polymers: poly(lactic acid) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid). A pulse-echo technique is developed to reveal the bulk speed of sound, acoustic impedance ...
Okasaka Yu - - 2010
A novel vinyl monomer, 3-dimethylamino-6-(p-methacrylamidophenylazo)phenylboronic acid (AzoPBA), which had been prepared by the coupling of p-aminophenyl methacrylamide hydrochloride with m-dimethylaminophenylboronic acid in the presence of sodium nitrite, was polymerized with 3-dimethylaminopropylacrylamide (DMAPAA). The copolymer obtained (Poly(DMAPAA/AzoPBA)) bound to sugars such as fructose and glucose in a weakly alkaline region (8 ...
Firat Esra - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of an etch-and-rinse adhesive to enamel and dentin after treatment with Er:YAG laser using different pulse durations. Extracted human molars were flattened to obtain enamel or dentin surfaces. The enamel specimens (E) were divided into nine groups and ...
Sakuma Shinji - - 2010
Oligoarginines, which are known as cell-penetrating peptides, enhance the cellular uptake of poorly membrane-permeable bioactive molecules that are chemically conjugated to them. We designed a novel polymer: oligoarginine-linked poly(N-vinylacetamide-co-acrylic acid), with the expectation that the polymers will enhance the cellular uptake of the bioactive molecules that are physically mixed with ...
Dundar Berivan - - 2011
Conditioning of the enamel surface is now an accepted and widely applied technique used to improve retention in porcelain laminate veneer restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate strength of the bond between porcelain laminate veneers and tooth surfaces etched with acid and laser, separately and together. The ...
Rubinshtein Mark - - 2010
A general method for synthesizing alpha-hydroxy N-acylindoles in one-pot via an acid-catalyzed condensation of a convertible isonitrile with water and various aldehydes is presented. These intermediates were incorporated into poly(alpha-hydroxy acid) copolymers bearing residues with functionalizable side chains, which could be further modified through Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cylcoaddition reactions. This versatile ...
Rodríguez-Carmona Escarlata - - 2010
The development of innovative medicines and personalized biomedical approaches require the identification and implementation of new biocompatible materials produced by methodologically simple and cheap fabrication methods. The biological fabrication of materials, mostly carried out by microorganisms, has historically provided organic compounds with wide-spectrum biomedical applications, including hyaluronic acid, poly(gamma-glutamic acid) ...
Giordanengo Rémi - - 2010
The complete structural characterization of a copolymer composed of methacrylic acid (MAA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) units was achieved using tandem mass spectrometry. In a first step, collision-induced dissociation (CID) of sodiated MAA-MMA co-oligomers allowed us to determine the co-monomeric composition, the random nature of the copolymer and the sum ...
Zecheru Teodora - - 2010
In the present study polymeric microbeads of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-dodecyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) or p(HEMA-co-dDMA-co-AA) were synthesised and characterized through FT-IR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM); their swelling behavior against saline solution was explored and their in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated. Further, in order to elucidate kinetic aspects regarding the ternary system ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2011
In this investigation N,N'-(pyromellitoyl)-bis-L-tyrosine dimethyl ester (7) as a chiral bioactive diphenolic monomer was prepared in three steps. The aim of this work was to obtain novel optically and biologically active pseudo-poly(amino acid)s (PAA)s that are more soluble in common organic solvents while maintaining their high thermal stability. Thus, several ...
Zhang Weilu - - 2010
To enhance the stability and long-term circulation of camptothecin (CPT), mPEGylated alpha,beta-poly (L-aspartic acid)-CPT conjugates were synthesized, and used to fabricate nanomicelle. Firstly, alpha,beta-poly (L-aspartic acid) derivative (PAA-der) containing alkyne groups was synthesized via the ring-opening of PSI with propargyl amine. And then, azide-functionalized CPT derivatives (CPT-N(3)) and azide-terminated poly ...
Yu Hao - - 2010
This study aimed to analyse the erosion-inhibiting potential of a single application of stannous chloride-containing fluoride solution on pellicle-covered enamel and dentine under constant acid flow conditions in vitro. Bovine enamel (n=60) and dentine (n=60) samples were exposed 1h to the oral cavity of 4 healthy volunteers to allow for ...
Pimenta Renata Antonini - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the superficial dentin pattern of primary teeth after applying different phosphoric acid concentrations and conditioning times. Twenty-four dentin surfaces were divided in 4 groups with 10 teeth each: GI -no treatment; GII to GIV -phosphoric acid at 37%, 32%, and ...
Dong Xiaoqing - - 2010
Multifunctional poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) microspheres containing magnetic, fluorescent, and cancer cell-specific moieties were prepared in four steps: (i) preparation of parent PGMA microspheres by dispersion polymerization and their reaction with ethylenediamine to obtain amino groups, (ii) precipitation of iron ions (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) to form Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles within the microspheres, ...
Seitz Michelle E - - 2010
The morphology of a series of linear poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid) zinc-neutralized ionomers with either precisely or randomly spaced acid groups was investigated using X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Scattering from semicrystalline, precise ionomers has contributions from acid layers associated with the crystallites and ionic ...
Damadzadeh Behzad - - 2010
One main application of resorbable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) and poly-L-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) based materials is in medical implants. In this study composites were made from PLLA and PLGA with hydroxyapatite (HAp) respective beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) fillers. The filler content and particle size were varied, and the thermal properties as well ...
Ballal Nidambur Vasudev - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of 7% maleic acid and 17% EDTA solutions on the microhardness and the surface roughness of human root canal dentin. METHODS: Forty-five extracted human maxillary central incisors were sectioned longitudinally into a total of 90 segments, were ...
Assmann Ulrike - - 2010
Fiber scaffolds of bioactive polysialic acid have been prepared via electrospinning for peripheral nerve regeneration. The diameter, morphology and alignment of fibers in scaffolds were adjusted by variation of electrospinning parameters, which are decisive for the cell-scaffold interaction. Due to the high water solubility of polysialic acid (poly-alpha-2,8-N-acetylneuraminic acid) a ...
Diamanti I - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of toothpastes containing sodium fluoride in different concentrations or a calcium sodium phosphosilicate system on pre-softened dentin demineralization and remineralization. METHODS: During a ten day pH-cycling protocol, pre-softened bovine root dentin slabs were immersed twice daily, after ...
Caiado Ana Carolina Rocha Lima - - 2010
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Coronal and radicular dentin may react differently to the type of acid treatment used when bonding to these substrates. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare dentin morphology, tubular density, and cross-sectional area in deep coronal (around an exposed pulp horn) and root ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cerium chloride, cerium chloride/fluoride and fluoride application on calcium release during erosion of treated dentine. METHODS: Forty dentine samples were prepared from human premolars and randomly assigned to four groups (1-4). Samples were treated twice a day for 5 days, 30s each, with the ...
Fehling Eberhard - - 2010
Copolymeric polyoxoesters containing branched-chain methylenethiol functions, i.e., poly(1,12-dodecanedioic acid-co-1-thioglycerol) and poly(diethyl 1,12-dodecanedioate-co-1-thioglycerol), were formed by lipase-catalyzed polyesterification and polytransesterification of 1,12-dodecanedioic acid and diethyl 1,12-dodecanedioate, respectively, with 1-thioglycerol (3-mercaptopropane-1,2-diol) using immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica (Novozym 435) in vacuo without drying agent in the reaction mixture. After 360-480 h, ...
Cho Eun-Bum - - 2010
Imine-containing bridging groups were formed during self-assembly of periodic mesoporous organosilicas by in situ dynamic covalent chemistry of aldehyde and amine groups in the presence of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(dl-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymer in acidic aqueous solutions.
Inkinen Saara - - 2010
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) copolymers having a significantly higher glass transition temperature (T(g)) than that of high molar mass PLA homopolymers (typically 60 +/- 5 degrees C) were prepared. Lactic acid was copolymerized with 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-D-glucitol (isosorbide, ISB) and succinic acid (SA-2), 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA-4) or 1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexacarboxylic acid (HCA-6). The highest T(g)s ...
Parkinson Charles R - - 2010
Time-resolved in situ atomic force microscopy has been employed to examine erosion progression in untreated and fluoride-treated enamel specimens during exposure to citric acid. Contact with the acidic reaction solution initiated the emergence and growth of dissolution pits in both the native and the fluoride-treated enamel. In native enamel, pits ...
Cirillo Giuseppe - - 2010
The aim was to synthesize molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high recognition properties towards glycyrrhizic acid and to evaluate the performance of these materials to act as base excipients in glycyrrhizic acid sustained release in gastrointestinal simulating fluids. MIPs were synthesized using methacrylic acid (MAA) as acidic, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) ...
Arote Rohidas B - - 2010
Folate conjugated poly(ester amine) (PEA) was prepared by reaction of folic acid with PEAs based on polycaprolactone (PCL) and low molecular weight polyethylenimine (LMW-PEI) with PEG as a linker. This novel gene carrier showed excellent physicochemical properties and relatively low cytotoxicity compared with PEI 25K. It showed excellent transfection efficiency ...
Zhou Yue-Yu - - 2010
Stearic acid (SA) and poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) grafted chitosan oligosaccharide (SA-CSO-PLGA SCP) tripolymer was synthesized via the reaction between the carboxyl group of SA or PLGA with carboxylic side group, and the amine group of CSO in the presence of 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). The degrees of amino-substitution for SA ...
Kaner Damla - - 2010
A new polymeric resin with amino sulfonic acid pendant functions has been prepared for the extraction of acidic and basic dyes from water. Beaded polymer supports were prepared by suspension polymerization of vinyl benzyl chloride (0.9 mol) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (0.1 mol). The resulting copolymer beads were modified with ...
Lin Jianxun - - 2010
Helix-coil transition kinetics of polyadenylic acid [poly(A)] inside a small protein channel is investigated for the first time, at the single molecule level. The confinement of a RNA molecule inside the channel slows its kinetics by nearly 3 orders of magnitude as compared to bulk measurements of free poly(A). These ...
Loomans B A C - - 2010
Hydrofluoric acid can be used for intra-oral repair of restorations. Contamination of tooth substrate with hydrofluoric acid cannot always be avoided. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the bonding effectiveness to hydrofluoric acid contaminated dentin by, micro-tensile bond strength testing, SEM and TEM. METHODS: For this study, 15 molar teeth were used of ...
Siqueira W L WL Schulich Dentistry and Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2010
Understanding the composition and function of the acquired enamel pellicle (AEP) has been a major goal in oral biology. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that intact histatins are part of the in vivo AEP and that histatins after adsorption to HA have effects on in ...
Umeki Nobuo - - 2010
In order to achieve the sustained release of 3-ethyl-4-(4-methylisoxazol-5-yl)-5-(methylthio) thiophene-2-carboxamide (BFB0261), a new potent osteogenic compound for the treatment of bone disorders, we prepared microspheres containing BFB0261 and newly synthesized three poly (D, L-lactic acid) (PLA), four poly (D, L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), and eight poly (D, L-lactic acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acidic food and sour fruits and drinks have been investigated for their destructive effects on enamel. However, their effect on porcelain restorations has not been widely examined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ion leaching of porcelains immersed in acidic agents. MATERIAL AND ...
Hashidzume Akihito - - 2010
In this study, the electrophoretic mobilities (mu) for a series of poly(N-acryloyl-amino acid)s were determined by capillary zone electrophoresis to investigate the effect of substituent on the electrophoretic behavior of polyelectrolytes. The mu values determined showed a strong correlation with the molar volume of the corresponding amino acids.
Zandim Daniela Leal - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to quantify the alterations in human root dentin permeability after exposure to dietary acids and to evaluate the effect of toothbrushing after acid application. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Extracted human third molars had their crowns sectioned above the CEJ, pulp tissue removed, ...
Kubek Daniel J - - 2010
Osteocytes are the most abundant of the bone cells. Each osteocyte is contained within its own lacuna and connected to adjacent osteocytes via fillipodial processes, which form an intricate network of canaliculi within the matrix. Studying this intricate network of cells and their processes is difficult, because it exists embedded ...
Pang Xuan - - 2010
A series of biodegradable functional amino acid-based poly(ester amide)s (PEA-AG) were designed and synthesized by the solution co-polycondensation of amino acid (L-phenylalanine and DL-2-allylglycine) based monomers and dicarboxylic acid based monomers. Pendant carbon-carbon double bonds located in the DL-2-allylglycine were incorporated into these PEA-AGs, and the double bond contents could ...
Wang Liang - - 2010
Bifunctional superparamagnetic magnetite/poly(dl-lactic acid-co-alpha,beta-malic acid) composite nanoparticles (PLMA-MNPs) detectable by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fluorescence microscopy were synthesized by coating Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles with biodegradable poly(dl-lactic acid-co-alpha,beta-malic acid) copolymer (PLMA) with covalently bound fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). The FITC modified PLMA-MNPs (FITC-PLMA-MNPs) have a hydrodynamic diameter of 100nm and an ...
Hjortsj? Carl - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The protective effect of fluoride solutions against acidic challenge on enamel was tested in vitro using calcium- and profilometer analyses. METHODS: HF-, SnF(2)-, TiF(4)- and NaF solutions (0.1M F(-), with a pH of 2.0, 2.9, 1.5, 7.3, respectively) and H(2)O were tested on a total of 60 enamel specimens ...
Xia Yijie - - 2010
Significant conductivity enhancement was observed on transparent and conductive poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films after a treatment with organic and inorganic acids, including acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, oxalic acid, sulfurous acid, and hydrochloric acid. The conductivity could be enhanced from 0.2 to over 200 S cm(-1), that is, ...
Horie Rie T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Lidocaine is a local anesthetic that is known to suppress tinnitus via systemic or local application; however, this effect has only limited duration. The current study aimed to establish a method for the sustained delivery of lidocaine into the cochlea using poly lactic/glycolic acid (PLGA) microparticles. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ...
Moslemi Masoumeh - - 2010
PURPOSE: The authors conducted an in vitro study to evaluate the shear bond strength of a fissure sealant to enamel pretreated with erbium,chromium:yttrium, scandium,gallium,garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser or air abrasion followed by acid etching. METHODS: The authors sectioned extracted sound premolars mesiodistally and used the buccal and lingual surfaces for experimental ...
Ruth Megan R - - 2010
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean control (Ctl), obese Ctl rats had higher serum haptoglobin ...
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