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Zecheru Teodora - - 2010
In the present study polymeric microbeads of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-dodecyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) or p(HEMA-co-dDMA-co-AA) were synthesised and characterized through FT-IR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM); their swelling behavior against saline solution was explored and their in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated. Further, in order to elucidate kinetic aspects regarding the ternary system ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2011
In this investigation N,N'-(pyromellitoyl)-bis-L-tyrosine dimethyl ester (7) as a chiral bioactive diphenolic monomer was prepared in three steps. The aim of this work was to obtain novel optically and biologically active pseudo-poly(amino acid)s (PAA)s that are more soluble in common organic solvents while maintaining their high thermal stability. Thus, several ...
Zhang Weilu - - 2010
To enhance the stability and long-term circulation of camptothecin (CPT), mPEGylated alpha,beta-poly (L-aspartic acid)-CPT conjugates were synthesized, and used to fabricate nanomicelle. Firstly, alpha,beta-poly (L-aspartic acid) derivative (PAA-der) containing alkyne groups was synthesized via the ring-opening of PSI with propargyl amine. And then, azide-functionalized CPT derivatives (CPT-N(3)) and azide-terminated poly ...
Yu Hao - - 2010
This study aimed to analyse the erosion-inhibiting potential of a single application of stannous chloride-containing fluoride solution on pellicle-covered enamel and dentine under constant acid flow conditions in vitro. Bovine enamel (n=60) and dentine (n=60) samples were exposed 1h to the oral cavity of 4 healthy volunteers to allow for ...
Pimenta Renata Antonini - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the superficial dentin pattern of primary teeth after applying different phosphoric acid concentrations and conditioning times. Twenty-four dentin surfaces were divided in 4 groups with 10 teeth each: GI -no treatment; GII to GIV -phosphoric acid at 37%, 32%, and ...
Dong Xiaoqing - - 2010
Multifunctional poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) microspheres containing magnetic, fluorescent, and cancer cell-specific moieties were prepared in four steps: (i) preparation of parent PGMA microspheres by dispersion polymerization and their reaction with ethylenediamine to obtain amino groups, (ii) precipitation of iron ions (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) to form Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles within the microspheres, ...
Seitz Michelle E - - 2010
The morphology of a series of linear poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid) zinc-neutralized ionomers with either precisely or randomly spaced acid groups was investigated using X-ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Scattering from semicrystalline, precise ionomers has contributions from acid layers associated with the crystallites and ionic ...
Damadzadeh Behzad - - 2010
One main application of resorbable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) and poly-L-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) based materials is in medical implants. In this study composites were made from PLLA and PLGA with hydroxyapatite (HAp) respective beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) fillers. The filler content and particle size were varied, and the thermal properties as well ...
Ballal Nidambur Vasudev - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of 7% maleic acid and 17% EDTA solutions on the microhardness and the surface roughness of human root canal dentin. METHODS: Forty-five extracted human maxillary central incisors were sectioned longitudinally into a total of 90 segments, were ...
Assmann Ulrike - - 2010
Fiber scaffolds of bioactive polysialic acid have been prepared via electrospinning for peripheral nerve regeneration. The diameter, morphology and alignment of fibers in scaffolds were adjusted by variation of electrospinning parameters, which are decisive for the cell-scaffold interaction. Due to the high water solubility of polysialic acid (poly-alpha-2,8-N-acetylneuraminic acid) a ...
Diamanti I - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of toothpastes containing sodium fluoride in different concentrations or a calcium sodium phosphosilicate system on pre-softened dentin demineralization and remineralization. METHODS: During a ten day pH-cycling protocol, pre-softened bovine root dentin slabs were immersed twice daily, after ...
Caiado Ana Carolina Rocha Lima - - 2010
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Coronal and radicular dentin may react differently to the type of acid treatment used when bonding to these substrates. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare dentin morphology, tubular density, and cross-sectional area in deep coronal (around an exposed pulp horn) and root ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cerium chloride, cerium chloride/fluoride and fluoride application on calcium release during erosion of treated dentine. METHODS: Forty dentine samples were prepared from human premolars and randomly assigned to four groups (1-4). Samples were treated twice a day for 5 days, 30s each, with the ...
Fehling Eberhard - - 2010
Copolymeric polyoxoesters containing branched-chain methylenethiol functions, i.e., poly(1,12-dodecanedioic acid-co-1-thioglycerol) and poly(diethyl 1,12-dodecanedioate-co-1-thioglycerol), were formed by lipase-catalyzed polyesterification and polytransesterification of 1,12-dodecanedioic acid and diethyl 1,12-dodecanedioate, respectively, with 1-thioglycerol (3-mercaptopropane-1,2-diol) using immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica (Novozym 435) in vacuo without drying agent in the reaction mixture. After 360-480 h, ...
Cho Eun-Bum - - 2010
Imine-containing bridging groups were formed during self-assembly of periodic mesoporous organosilicas by in situ dynamic covalent chemistry of aldehyde and amine groups in the presence of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(dl-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymer in acidic aqueous solutions.
Inkinen Saara - - 2010
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) copolymers having a significantly higher glass transition temperature (T(g)) than that of high molar mass PLA homopolymers (typically 60 +/- 5 degrees C) were prepared. Lactic acid was copolymerized with 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-D-glucitol (isosorbide, ISB) and succinic acid (SA-2), 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA-4) or 1,2,3,4,5,6-cyclohexanehexacarboxylic acid (HCA-6). The highest T(g)s ...
Parkinson Charles R - - 2010
Time-resolved in situ atomic force microscopy has been employed to examine erosion progression in untreated and fluoride-treated enamel specimens during exposure to citric acid. Contact with the acidic reaction solution initiated the emergence and growth of dissolution pits in both the native and the fluoride-treated enamel. In native enamel, pits ...
Cirillo Giuseppe - - 2010
The aim was to synthesize molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high recognition properties towards glycyrrhizic acid and to evaluate the performance of these materials to act as base excipients in glycyrrhizic acid sustained release in gastrointestinal simulating fluids. MIPs were synthesized using methacrylic acid (MAA) as acidic, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) ...
Arote Rohidas B - - 2010
Folate conjugated poly(ester amine) (PEA) was prepared by reaction of folic acid with PEAs based on polycaprolactone (PCL) and low molecular weight polyethylenimine (LMW-PEI) with PEG as a linker. This novel gene carrier showed excellent physicochemical properties and relatively low cytotoxicity compared with PEI 25K. It showed excellent transfection efficiency ...
Zhou Yue-Yu - - 2010
Stearic acid (SA) and poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) grafted chitosan oligosaccharide (SA-CSO-PLGA SCP) tripolymer was synthesized via the reaction between the carboxyl group of SA or PLGA with carboxylic side group, and the amine group of CSO in the presence of 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). The degrees of amino-substitution for SA ...
Kaner Damla - - 2010
A new polymeric resin with amino sulfonic acid pendant functions has been prepared for the extraction of acidic and basic dyes from water. Beaded polymer supports were prepared by suspension polymerization of vinyl benzyl chloride (0.9 mol) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (0.1 mol). The resulting copolymer beads were modified with ...
Lin Jianxun - - 2010
Helix-coil transition kinetics of polyadenylic acid [poly(A)] inside a small protein channel is investigated for the first time, at the single molecule level. The confinement of a RNA molecule inside the channel slows its kinetics by nearly 3 orders of magnitude as compared to bulk measurements of free poly(A). These ...
Loomans B A C - - 2010
Hydrofluoric acid can be used for intra-oral repair of restorations. Contamination of tooth substrate with hydrofluoric acid cannot always be avoided. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the bonding effectiveness to hydrofluoric acid contaminated dentin by, micro-tensile bond strength testing, SEM and TEM. METHODS: For this study, 15 molar teeth were used of ...
Siqueira W L - - 2010
Understanding the composition and function of the acquired enamel pellicle (AEP) has been a major goal in oral biology. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that intact histatins are part of the in vivo AEP and that histatins after adsorption to HA have effects on in ...
Umeki Nobuo - - 2010
In order to achieve the sustained release of 3-ethyl-4-(4-methylisoxazol-5-yl)-5-(methylthio) thiophene-2-carboxamide (BFB0261), a new potent osteogenic compound for the treatment of bone disorders, we prepared microspheres containing BFB0261 and newly synthesized three poly (D, L-lactic acid) (PLA), four poly (D, L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), and eight poly (D, L-lactic acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acidic food and sour fruits and drinks have been investigated for their destructive effects on enamel. However, their effect on porcelain restorations has not been widely examined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ion leaching of porcelains immersed in acidic agents. MATERIAL AND ...
Hashidzume Akihito - - 2010
In this study, the electrophoretic mobilities (mu) for a series of poly(N-acryloyl-amino acid)s were determined by capillary zone electrophoresis to investigate the effect of substituent on the electrophoretic behavior of polyelectrolytes. The mu values determined showed a strong correlation with the molar volume of the corresponding amino acids.
Zandim Daniela Leal - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to quantify the alterations in human root dentin permeability after exposure to dietary acids and to evaluate the effect of toothbrushing after acid application. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Extracted human third molars had their crowns sectioned above the CEJ, pulp tissue removed, ...
Kubek Daniel J - - 2010
Osteocytes are the most abundant of the bone cells. Each osteocyte is contained within its own lacuna and connected to adjacent osteocytes via fillipodial processes, which form an intricate network of canaliculi within the matrix. Studying this intricate network of cells and their processes is difficult, because it exists embedded ...
Pang Xuan - - 2010
A series of biodegradable functional amino acid-based poly(ester amide)s (PEA-AG) were designed and synthesized by the solution co-polycondensation of amino acid (L-phenylalanine and DL-2-allylglycine) based monomers and dicarboxylic acid based monomers. Pendant carbon-carbon double bonds located in the DL-2-allylglycine were incorporated into these PEA-AGs, and the double bond contents could ...
Wang Liang - - 2010
Bifunctional superparamagnetic magnetite/poly(dl-lactic acid-co-alpha,beta-malic acid) composite nanoparticles (PLMA-MNPs) detectable by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fluorescence microscopy were synthesized by coating Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles with biodegradable poly(dl-lactic acid-co-alpha,beta-malic acid) copolymer (PLMA) with covalently bound fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). The FITC modified PLMA-MNPs (FITC-PLMA-MNPs) have a hydrodynamic diameter of 100nm and an ...
Hjortsj? Carl - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The protective effect of fluoride solutions against acidic challenge on enamel was tested in vitro using calcium- and profilometer analyses. METHODS: HF-, SnF(2)-, TiF(4)- and NaF solutions (0.1M F(-), with a pH of 2.0, 2.9, 1.5, 7.3, respectively) and H(2)O were tested on a total of 60 enamel specimens ...
Xia Yijie - - 2010
Significant conductivity enhancement was observed on transparent and conductive poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films after a treatment with organic and inorganic acids, including acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, oxalic acid, sulfurous acid, and hydrochloric acid. The conductivity could be enhanced from 0.2 to over 200 S cm(-1), that is, ...
Horie Rie T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Lidocaine is a local anesthetic that is known to suppress tinnitus via systemic or local application; however, this effect has only limited duration. The current study aimed to establish a method for the sustained delivery of lidocaine into the cochlea using poly lactic/glycolic acid (PLGA) microparticles. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental ...
Moslemi Masoumeh - - 2010
PURPOSE: The authors conducted an in vitro study to evaluate the shear bond strength of a fissure sealant to enamel pretreated with erbium,chromium:yttrium, scandium,gallium,garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser or air abrasion followed by acid etching. METHODS: The authors sectioned extracted sound premolars mesiodistally and used the buccal and lingual surfaces for experimental ...
Ruth Megan R - - 2010
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean control (Ctl), obese Ctl rats had higher serum haptoglobin ...
Arenas M C - - 2010
Conducting polyaniline nanofibers (nf-PANI) were successfully synthesized by simple polymerization of aniline in presence of single and binary dopant agents. Strong hydrochloride acid (HCl), two weak organic acids (poly acrylic acid, PAA, 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid, AMPSA) and one anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) were used to form the binary dopant ...
Ma Shen - - 2010
To examine the effects from the chemical structure of acidic methacrylate monomers on the primer's shelf life, N-methacryloyl-2aminoethylphosphonic acid (NMEP)- N-methacryloyl glycine (NMGly), 2-methacryloyloxyethyl dihydrogen phosphate (MEP)-NMGly and 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP)-NMGly primers were designed. Immediately after preparation, these primers were stored at 40 degrees C for 0, 6 and ...
Zhang Chao - - 2010
Hydroxyapatite coating on metal implants is an effective method to enhance bioactive properties of the metal surface. We report here a method to coat the Ti-6Al-4V alloy with hydroxyapatite crystals. After alkaline/heat treatment, the spontaneous growth of organoapatite on titanium alloy surface involves sequential preadsorption of titanium isopropoxide (TIPO) and ...
Parkinson Charles R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of a novel acid challenge-based dentin disc occlusion model, and to compare the occluding effect and acid resistance exhibited by currently marketed occlusion dentifrices in vitro. METHODS: Ninety-six bovine dentin discs were polished and etched in citric acid (6% ...
Gu F - - 2010
Acid etching procedures may disrupt residual bacteria and contribute to the success of incomplete caries removal followed by adhesive restoration. This study evaluated the in vivo effect of acid etching on cariogenic bacterial activity within affected dentin after minimally invasive treatment of caries lesions. Twenty-eight carious permanent teeth received standardized ...
Wolf Florian K - - 2010
Due to the low solubility of poly(glycolic acid) (PGA), its use is generally limited to the synthesis of random copolyesters with other hydroxy acids, such as lactic acid, or to applications that permit direct processing from the polymer melt. Insolubility is generally observed for PGA when the degree of polymerization ...
Ba┼čaran Emine Göncü - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine if the irradiation of enamel with laser of different output powers might be viable alternatives to acid etching for the bonding of resin luting agents. Seventy-seven maxillary central incisors, extracted for periodontal reasons, were used. The enamel was etched with an erbium, ...
Matsuoka Hideki - - 2009
The nanostructure and its transition of in a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) brush in the water surface monolayers of poly(hydrogenated isoprene)-b-poly(acrylic acid) with different block lengths and block ratios were investigated by X-ray reflectivity as a function of surface pressure (brush density) and salt concentration in the subphase. The PAA brush ...
Njegi?-Dzakula Branka - - 2010
Spontaneous precipitation of calcium carbonate was investigated in two precipitation systems: (1) with initial supersaturation lower than that corresponding to the solubility of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), at which vaterite precipitated, and (2) with initial supersaturation higher than that of ACC solubility, at which a mixture of calcite and vaterite ...
Nassif Mohammed S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a phosphoric acid/sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) mixture as a dentin conditioner on shear bond strength, the resin/dentin interface, as well as the surface area and tubular diameter of dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty human molars were prepared for shear bond strength testing. The teeth were ...
Ouyang Wuye - - 2009
Chiral polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) consisting of poly(l-lysine) (PLL), poly(N-(S)alkylated 4-vinylpyridinium iodide), or poly(ethyleneimine maltose) (PEI-m) as polycations and poly(styrenesulfonic acid) sodium salt (PSS) or poly(vinyl sulfate) as polyanions, as well as a nonchiral PEM composed of poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and PSS were deposited on silicon substrates and poly(tetrafluoroethylene) membranes using the ...
Nakajima-Kambe Toshiaki - - 2009
For rapid monomerization of biodegradable plastics, various microorganisms were screened and TB-71 was selected as the best strain. TB-71 degraded solid poly(butylene succinate)-co-(butylene adipate) (PBSA), poly(ethylene succinate), and poly(epsilon-caprolactone) but not poly(butylene succinate), poly(2-hydroxybutylate-co-valerate) or poly(lactic acid). Esterase activity was observed in the culture broth during PBSA degradation, which was ...
Cho Eun-Bum - - 2009
Bifunctional periodic mesoporous organosilicas (BPMOs) with thiophene- and isocyanurate-bridging groups were prepared by one-pot co-condensation of 2,5-bis(triethoxysilyl)thiophene and tris[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]isocyanurate precursors in the presence of a poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(DL-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PLGA-PEO) triblock copolymer under acidic conditions. The resulting BPMOs exhibited 2D hexagonal ordering (p6mm), large mesopores of approximately 7.7 nm, ...
Daiguji Hirofumi - - 2009
Hollow microcapsules are expected to be integral components of drug delivery systems in medical and pharmaceutical applications. Among the methods studied, the bubble template method (Makuta et al. Mater. Lett. 2009, 63, 703-705) should easily fabricate uniform hollow microcapsules covered with biodegradable polymers. In this study, we clarified the two ...
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