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Akoz Enise E Department of Chemistry, Selcuk University, 42031, Konya, - - 2014
Sol-gel encapsulation is a simple but powerful method to enhance the enantioselectivity of lipase-catalyzed transformations in an isooctane/aqueous buffer solution. Candida rugosa lipase was encapsulated according to a sol-gel procedure in the presence and absence of calix[4]arene hydrazine or carboxylic acid derivatives with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as an additive. The ...
Patel Disha D DD Lab#302B, BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Sardar Patel Maidan, Vadtal Road, Post Box No. 39, Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Gujarat, 388120, - - 2014
Lipoxygenase oxidizes linoleic acid into hydroperoxy octadecadienoic acid (HPOD), which is important in food and flavour industries for production of bread and flavouring compounds. As Lasiodiplodia theobromae is an unexplored, good source of lipoxygenase, it was purified from it by size-exclusion (Sephadex G100) and ion-exchange (DEAE-cellulose) chromatography and characterized. Upon ...
Govindarajan Ramprakash R Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to measure the apparent surface acidity of common excipients and to correlate the acidity with the chemical stability of an acid-sensitive active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in binary API-excipient powder mixtures. The acidity of 26 solid excipients was determined by two methods, (i) by measuring ...
Lynch Kevin K Department of Chemistry, Elon University, Elon, North Carolina, USA. - - 2014
Two different and complementary computational methods were used to determine the contributions by inductive/field effects and by electron-delocalization effects toward the enhancement of the gas-phase deprotonation enthalpy of sulfuric acid over ethanol. Our alkylogue extrapolation method employed density functional theory calculations to determine the deprotonation enthalpy of the alkylogues of ...
Franco Federico F Department of Chemistry, via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino, Italy. roberto.gobetto@unito.it - - 2014
The effect of a local proton source on the activity of a bromotricarbonyl Mn redox catalyst for CO2 reduction has been investigated. The electrochemical behaviour of the novel complex [fac-Mn(dhbpy)(CO)3Br] (dhbpy = 4-phenyl-6-(1,3-dihydroxybenzen-2-yl) 2,2'-bipyridine), containing two acidic OH groups in the proximity of the metal centre, under a CO2 atmosphere ...
Heemskerk Mattijs M MM Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands - - 2014
Prolonged niacin treatment elicits beneficial effects on the plasma lipid and lipoprotein profile that are associated with a protective cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile. Short term niacin treatment inhibits non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) release from adipocytes and stimulates prostaglandin release from skin Langerhans cells, but the acute effects diminish upon ...
Chen Zhi-Yao ZY College of Light Industry and Food Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China; Sericulture and Agri-food Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, 510610, - - 2014
Two kinds of soy sauces were prepared with A. oryzae koji (SSAO) and mixed koji (SSAOM, A. oryzae mouldstarter: Monascus purpureus mouldstarter = 1:2, w/w) respectively. The effects of mixed koji on the essential indices, oxygen radical absorption capacity, color indices, free amino acids and volatile compounds of soy sauce have been ...
Barassi Giancarlo M GM School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. giancarlobarassi@gmail.com martin.klimsa@web.de aoc@gmx.li - - 2014
The acid plant 'blow-down' (also called weak acid) produced at El Teniente mine in Chile was characterized. This liquid waste (tailing) is generated during the cooling and cleaning of the smelter gas prior to the production of sulfuric acid. The weak acid was composed of a liquid and a solid ...
Li Bo B B Li, Shanghai Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Clinical Center for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, RuiJin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a disease featured by an excessive triglycerides (TG) accumulation in hepatocytes, has dramatically increased globally during recent decades. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been suggested to play crucial roles in many complex diseases and lipid metabolism. Our study found that miR199a-5p was remarkably upregulated ...
Hassan Haidar H Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Objective: To examine pH in the approximal dental biofilm after acid and alkali formation from sucrose and urea, after an adaptation period to these substances, in caries-free (CF) and caries-active (CA) individuals. Saliva flow and buffer capacity, and aciduric bacteria in saliva and plaque were also examined. Material and Methods: ...
Banerjee M M Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G - - 2014
Administration of kainic acid induces acute seizures that result in the loss of neurons, gliosis and reorganization of mossy fiber pathways in the hippocampus resembling those observed in human temporal lobe epilepsy. Although these structural changes have been well characterized, the mechanisms underlying the degeneration of neurons following administration of ...
Maya-Meraz Irma O IO Facultad de Ciencias Agrotecnológicas, Univ. Autónoma de Chihuahua, Av. Presa de la Amistad S/N, Cuauhtémoc, Chih, - - 2014
One of the main quality parameters in apples is aroma, its main precursors are fatty acids (FA) and amino acids (AA). In this study, alginate edible coatings were used as carriers of linoleic acid or isoleucine to serve as precursors for the production of aroma in cut apples. Apple wedges ...
Yan Guowen G College of Pharmacy, Qingdao University , Qingdao, Shandong , P. R. - - 2014
We prepared liver-targeting micelles loaded with oxaliplatin (OXA), using a polymer modified by a liver-targeting ligand, namely, glycyrrhetinic acid-conjugated and stearic acid-grafted chitosan (GA-CS-SA). The particles had a uniform size, which was 138.6 ± 0.72 nm. The encapsulation efficiency was up to 71.7 ± 0.46%. The hepatic distribution of OXA ...
Caponio Francesco F University of Bari Aldo Moro, Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology - - 2014
An experimental investigation was carried out with the aim to evaluate the effect of talc on the extraction yield and quality of extra virgin olive oils from Coratina olives after production and during storage. A significant effect of talc, added in the malaxer, on both yield and oil quality was ...
Nukit Natchanok N Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart - - 2014
This study investigated the roles of rice mono- and diacylglycerol (rice MDG) and commercial MDG on solid structure formation of rice bran oil (RBO) and RBO-anhydrous milk fat (AMF) blends after the crystallized blends were aged at 5°C for 12 or 24 h and stored at 30°C for 12 or ...
Lee Ansoo A Department of Chemistry, KAIST , Daejeon 305-701, - - 2014
A new type of bicyclic bridgehead phosphoramidites (briphos) is reported, where the geometrical constraints significantly enhance the π-acceptor ability compared with its monocyclic analogs. The briphos is shown to be highly efficient and tunable for Rh(I)-catalyzed conjugate additions of aryl boronic acids to α,β-unsaturated ketones and N-tosyl ketimines.
Bettaieb Rebey Iness I Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives Centre de Biotechnologie à la Technopole de Borj-Cédria (CBBC), BP 901, Hammam-Lif, Tunisia, - - 2014
The effects of two extraction methods, used at three ripening stages on the total polyphenol contents and the antioxidant activities of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed extracts were studied. The ripening stage effect on some physical properties of cumin seed was significant. The increase of dry matter (from 10.3 to ...
Khajavi Ramin - - 2014
In this study, the effect of dicarboxylic acid chain length on the amount of TiO2 nanoparticls "TiO2NPs" adsorption, produced self cleaning property, and washing durability on cotton fabrics were investigated. Firstly, cotton fabric samples were treated with three kinds of dicarboxylic acids: oxalic, succinic and adipic acids, and then dipped ...
Sung Min-Gyu MG Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, KAIST, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701, Republic of - - 2014
A cost-efficient process devoid of several washing steps was developed, which is related to direct cultivation following the decomposition of the sterilizer. Peracetic acid (PAA) is known to be an efficient antimicrobial agent due to its high oxidizing potential. Sterilization by 2 mM PAA demands at least 1 h incubation time for ...
Jin Zhicheng Z Case Western Reserve University, United - - 2014
Oxidative stress triggers the peroxidation of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) to reactive lipid fragments including 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (HNE). We previously reported two parallel catabolic pathways of HNE. In this study we report a novel metabolite that accumulates in rat liver perfused with HNE or 4-hydroxynonanoic acid (HNA), identified as ...
Tango Charles-Nkufi CN Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, School of Bioconvergence Science and Technology, Kangwon National Universty, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 200-701, Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate synergetic effect of slight acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) and fumaric acid (FA) on inactivation of total viable count (TVC) and Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Eschericia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Typhimurium in fresh beef and to study shelf life and sensory quality of beef. Inoculated samples was dipped for ...
Asadpour Robabeh R Geosciences & Petroleum Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia E-mail: - - 2014
Oil spills generally cause worldwide concern due to their detrimental effects on the environment and the economy. An assortment of commercial systems has been developed to control these spills, including the use of agricultural wastes as sorbents. This work deals with raw and modified mangrove barks (Rhizophora apiculata), an industrial ...
de Castro Antonio A Instituto de la Grasa IG-CSIC, Avda. Padre García Tejero 4, 41012-, Seville, - - 2014
Alperujo is the paste generated from the two-phase extraction system of olive oil. This wet pomace must be stored for months and during this period, the formation of 4-ethyphenol provokes a strong off-odour. The aim of this work was to identify the microorganisms able to produce this volatile phenol. Yeast ...
Harada Shinichi S Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University, 1-1-3 Minatojima, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-8586, - - 2014
Central post-stroke pain (CPSP), one of the complications of cerebral ischemia and neuropathic pain syndrome, is associated with specific somatosensory abnormalities. Although CPSP is a serious problem, detailed underlying mechanisms and standard treatments for CPSP are not well established. In this study, we assessed the role of GPR40, a long-chain ...
Siegmund W W From the Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Center of Drug Absorption and Transport (C_DAT), University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 3, D-17487 Greifswald, - - 2014
The rare association of flupirtine with liver injury is most likely caused by reactive quinone diimines which oxidative formation may be influenced by the activities of N-acetyltransferases (NAT) that conjugate the less toxic metabolite D13223, and by glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) and glutathione S-transferases (GST) that generate stable terminal glucuronides and mercapturic ...
Mooranian Armin A Biotechnology and Drug Development Research Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Biosciences Research Precinct, Curtin University , Perth, Western Australia , Australia - - 2014
Abstract In previous studies carried out in our laboratory, a bile acid formulation exerted a hypoglycaemic effect in a rat model of type 1 diabetes (T1D). When the antidiabetic drug gliclazide was added to the bile acid, it augmented the hypoglycaemic effect. In a recent study, we designed a new ...
Hosseinzadeh Rahman R Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, - - 2014
Two fluorene-based boronic acids, 9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl-2-boronic acid (1) and 9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2,7-diyl-2,7-diboronic acid (2), were synthesized and their sensing abilities for detection of D-monosaccharides were investigated by fluorescence at physiological pH. It was found that both boronic acids 1 and 2 have high selectivity and sensitivity for D-fructose with stability constant of 47.2 ...
Zhang T T TT State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
The objectives of the trial were to study the effects of rare earth element (REE) lanthanum (La) on the in vitro rumen methane (CH4 ) and volatile fatty acid (VFA) production and the microbial flora of feeds. Four feed mixtures with different levels of neutral detergent fibre (NDF), that is ...
Diniz Danuza Montijo DM Programa de Pós Graduação Biomedicina e Medicina, Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa da Santa Casa, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
The effects of intrathecal administration of the toxins Phα1β and ω-conotoxin MVIIA were investigated in visceral nociception induced by an intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid and an intracolonic application of capsaicin. The pretreatments for two hours with the toxins reduced the number of writhes or nociceptive behaviors compared with the ...
Nazari E E School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11155/4563, Tehran, - - 2014
Simultaneous recovery of vanadium (V) and nickel (Ni), which are classified as two of the most hazardous metal species from power plant heavy fuel fly-ash, was studied using a hydrometallurgical process consisting of acid leaching using sulfuric acid. Leaching parameters were investigated and optimized in order to maximize the recovery ...
Avgustinovich D F DF Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia, - - 2014
The effects of chronic administration of a new substance lambertianic acid amide and previously synthesized methyl ester of this acid were compared in female mice living under conditions of social discomfort. For modeling social discomfort, female mouse was housed for 30 days in a cage with aggressive male mouse kept ...
Filannino Pasquale P Department of Soil, Plant and Food Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, - - 2014
The metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acids by strictly hetero-fermentative lactic acid bacteria (nineteen strains) was investigated as a potential alternative energy route. Lactobacillus curvatus PE5 was the most tolerant to hydroxycinnamic acids, followed by strains of Weissella spp., Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus fermentum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides that had the same values of ...
González-Garcinuño Alvaro A Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Salamanca, P/Los Caídos s/n, Salamanca 37008, - - 2014
Discovering microalgae strains containing a high lipid yield and adequate fatty acid composition is becoming a crucial fact in algae-oil factories. In this study, two unknown strains, named Scenedesmus abundans and Chlorella ellipsoidea, have been tested for their response to different nitrogen sources, in order to determine its influence in ...
Fahimi N N Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, Université de Toulouse, INPT, UPS, 4, Allée Emile Monso, BP 83234, 31432, Toulouse Cedex 4, France, - - 2014
In winemaking, after the alcoholic fermentation of red wines and some white wines, L-malic acid must be converted into L-lactic acid to reduce the acidity. This malolactic fermentation (MLF) is usually carried out by the lactic acid bacteria Oenococcus oeni. Depending on the level of process control, selected O. oeni ...
Ahmad Naveed - - 2014
Stimuli-responsive bacterial cellulose-g-poly(acrylic acid) hydrogels were investigated for their potential use as an oral delivery system for proteins. These hydrogels were synthesized using electron beam irradiation without any crosslinking agents, thereby eliminating any potential toxic effects associated with crosslinkers. Bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein drug, was efficiently loaded ...
Bakhtiani Parkash A PA Harold Schnitzer Diabetes Health Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2014
Commercial glucagon is unstable due to aggregation and degradation. In closed-loop studies, it must be reconstituted frequently. For use in a portable pump for 3 days, a more stable preparation is required. At alkaline pH, curcumin inhibited glucagon aggregation. However, curcumin is not sufficiently stable for long-term use. Here, we ...
Tungen Jørn E JE School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Oslo , PO Box 1068 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, - - 2014
Protectin D1 (PD1 (3)), a C22-dihydroxylated polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesized from all-Z-docosahexaenoic acid, belongs to the new family of endogenous mediators referred to as specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators. PD1 (3) is a natural product that displays potent anti-inflammatory properties together with pro-resolving actions including inhibition of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration ...
Ramos C C Department of Biotechnology and Food Science, Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Burgos, Faculty of Sciences, Pz. Misael Bañuelos, 09001 Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The performance of an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treating wastewater with high levels of oil and grease content from a snacks factory is studied and its effectiveness is demonstrated. The relation between the reversible and the irreversible fouling rate and the fouling propensity of the fatty matter were evaluated under ...
Yang Qian - - 2014
The current study was to evaluate the anti-thrombotic effect of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) which was isolated and purified from Jiaomu in vivo. The seeds were crushed and subsequently subjected to saponification, acid hydrolysis, gradient freezing, urea inclusion and complexation of silver nitrate to obtain the unsaturated fatty acids. The chemical ...
Rungsimakan Supattra S School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Three diterpenoids, 1-oxomicrostegiol (1), viroxocin (2), viridoquinone (3), were isolated from the roots of Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans. Five known diterpenoids, microstegiol (4), 7α-acetoxy-14-hydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (5; 7-O-acetylhorminone tautomer), 7α,14-dihydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (6; horminone tautomer), ferruginol and salvinolonyl 12-methyl ether (7) were also found in the roots together with 1-docosyl ferulate (8), ...
McIntosh S S NSW Department of Primary Industries, Wollongbar Primary Industries Institute, NSW, - - 2014
Cotton ginning trash (CGT) collected from Australian cotton gins was evaluated for bioethanol production. CGT composition varied between ginning operations and contained high levels of extractives (26-28%), acid-insoluble material (17-22%) and holocellulose (42-50%). Pretreatment conditions of time (4-20min), temperature (160-220°C) and sulfuric acid concentration (0-2%) were optimised using a central ...
Sun Zheng Z College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, PR - - 2014
The growth and oil production of nine Chlorella strains were comparatively assessed and Chlorellaprotothecoides CS-41 demonstrated the greatest lipid production potential. The effects of different nitrogen forms and concentrations, phosphorus concentrations and light intensities on growth and oil production were studied in laboratory columns. C. protothecoides CS-41 accumulated lipids up ...
Mahboub Radia R a Department of Chemistry , Faculty of Sciences, University of Tlemcen , B.P. 119, Tlemcen 13 000 , - - 2014
In this work, we report the antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of 6-bromoeugenol and eugenol. EC50, the concentration providing 50% inhibition, is calculated and the antioxidant activity index (AAI) is evaluated. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging method. EC50 values of 6-bromoeugenol, ascorbic acid and eugenol ...
Pieters D J M DJ Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Background/objectives:Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which may reduce the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), can be synthesized at low rates from α-linolenic acid (ALA). The rate-limiting step for this conversion is the Δ6-desaturation of ALA into stearidonic acid (SDA). Thus providing oils rich in SDA may increase endogenous synthesis of EPA, ...
Otamonga Jean-Paul JP Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Huddersfield, - - 2014
In order to study the mechanism of the enhancement of solution chemiluminescence, the kinetics of the decay of the oxidant and the chemiluminescence emission were followed for oxidations by permanganate, manganese dioxide sol and Mn(3+) (aq) of glyoxylic acid, using stopped-flow spectrophotometry. Results are reported for the glyoxylic acid oxidized ...
Hwang Hong-Sik HS United States Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Functional Foods Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL, 61604, - - 2014
It was previously reported that sunflower wax (SW) had high potential as an organogelator for soybean oil-based margarine and spread products. In this study, 12 other vegetable oils were evaluated in a margarine formulation to test feasibility of utilization of SW as an alternative to solid fats in margarine and ...
Conway Valérie - - 2014
We have previously demonstrated that carrying the apolipoprotein (apo) E epsilon 4 (E4+) genotype disrupts omega-3 fatty acids (n - 3 PUFA) metabolism. Here we hypothesise that the postprandial clearance of n - 3 PUFA from the circulation is faster in E4+ compared to non-carriers (E4-). The objective of the ...
Miura Yukari - - 2014
The effect of polyphenols and related phenolic compounds on the reduction of metmyoglobin (MetMb) to oxymyoglobin (MbO2), in the presence of cysteine, was investigated. Caffeic acid, dihydrocaffeic acid, and hydroxtyrosol (600 µmol/L) did not show any reducing activity individually. However, their highly potent activity in the reduction of MetMb to ...
Liu Lingyi L Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou, 310058, Zhejiang, PR - - 2014
Antioxidant of bamboo leaves (AOB) is a novel natural food antioxidant approved in China since 2004. Natural phenolics contained in the current AOB are usually polyhydroxy derivatives exhibiting hydrophilic character, which has been marked as water-soluble AOB (AOB-w). In order to broaden the application fields, oil-soluble AOB (cAOB-o) was obtained ...
Jang Se-Eun - - 2014
Ursolic acid, which was isolated from an ethanol extract of Cornus officinalis fruit, potently inhibited NF-κB activation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal macrophages. Therefore, we investigated anti-inflammatory mechanism of ursolic acid in LPS-stimulated macrophages and colitic mice. Ursolic acid inhibited phosphorylation of IRAK1, TAK1, IKKβ and IκBα, as well as activation ...
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