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Results 351 - 400 of 772
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Kim Hae-Won - - 2007
The composite approach to combining bioactive ceramic and degradable polymer is a promising strategy in the development of bone regenerative matrices. Moreover, in the fabrication of composites, the nanoscale organization of each component should improve the level of structural integration as well as the resultant mechanical and biological properties. The ...
Hulbert A J - - 2007
Maximum life span differences among animal species exceed life span variation achieved by experimental manipulation by orders of magnitude. The differences in the characteristic maximum life span of species was initially proposed to be due to variation in mass-specific rate of metabolism. This is called the rate-of-living theory of aging ...
Grkovic Sanja - - 2007
X-linked adrenoleukodistrophy is a severe neurodegenerative disorder with impaired very long chain fatty acid metabolism. The disease associated ABCD1 gene encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein which belongs to the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette transporters. We investigated eight male X-ALD patients diagnosed among 142 suspected patients referred for investigation. Plasma levels ...
Steger K - - 2007
AIMS: This study investigates changes in microbiological and physicochemical parameters during large-scale, thermophilic composting of a single batch of municipal organic waste. The inter-relationships between the microbial biomass and community structure as well as several physicochemical parameters and estimates of maturation were evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analyses of signature fatty ...
Michalsen Mandy M - - 2007
In a previous column study, we investigated the long-term impact of ethanol additions on U and Tc mobility in groundwater (M. M. Michalsen et al., Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:7048-7053, 2006). Ethanol additions stimulated iron- and sulfate-reducing conditions and significantly enhanced U and Tc removal from groundwater compared to an identical ...
Harrigan George G - - 2007
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recommends the measurement of specific plant components for compositional assessments of new biotechnology-derived crops. These components include proximates, nutrients, antinutrients, and certain crop-specific secondary metabolites. A considerable literature on the natural variability of these components in conventional and biotechnology-derived crops now exists. ...
Harrigan George G - - 2007
The composition of glyphosate-tolerant (Roundup Ready) soybean 40-3-2 was compared with that of conventional soybean grown in Romania in 2005 as part of a comparative safety assessment program. Samples were collected from replicated field trials, and compositional analyses were performed to measure proximates (moisture, fat, ash, protein, and carbohydrates by ...
Tsuge Takeharu - - 2007
Amino acid substitutions at two residues downstream from the active-site histidine of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases are effective for changing the composition and the molecular weight of PHA. In this study, saturation mutagenesis at the position Ala505 was applied to PHA synthase (PhaCAc) from Aeromonas caviae to investigate the effects on ...
Klussmann Martin - - 2007
The evolution of homochirality from a prebiotic environment has long intrigued scientists. Here we report how highly enantioenriched solutions may be produced by manipulation of amino acid phase behavior, a concept that has far-reaching implications for prebiotic chemistry. We demonstrate that the eutectic composition of aqueous mixtures of L and ...
Cowieson A J - - 2007
The effects of phytic acid and microbial phytase on the flow and composition of endogenous protein at the terminal ileum of broiler chickens were investigated using the peptide alimentation method. Phytic acid (fed as the sodium salt) was included in a synthetic diet at 8.5, 11.5 and 14.5 g/kg (or ...
Kiliç Turgut - - 2007
The fatty acid compositions of Nepeta viscida, N. cilicica, N. crinita, N. nuda ssp. glandulifera and N. aristata were analyzed by GC/MS. The main free fatty acids were found as linolenic acid (49.8-58.5%), linoleic acid (10.9-23.5%), oleic acid (11.5-19.2%), palmitic acid (5.2-6.8%) and stearic acid (2.0-3.7%) and, total fatty acid ...
Cui Daxiang - - 2007
In recent years, functionalization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with biomolecules such as nucleotide acids, proteins, and polymers as well as cells have emerged as a new exciting field. Theoretical and experimental studies of structure and function of bio-inspired CNT composites have made great advances. The importance of nucleic acids, proteins, ...
Papina M - - 2007
Lipids play a key role in thermal and photo-acclimation processes, yet they are often neglected in stress studies. We investigated the influence of different light intensities and an increase of temperature on the fatty acid composition of the coral Montipora digitata and its symbiotic algae (i.e., zooxanthellae). Coral branches were ...
Partanen K - - 2007
Six 34-kg barrows were fitted with a post-valve T-caecum cannula and assigned to six dietary treatments according to a 6 × 5 change-over design to study how a mixture of formic acid, sorbate, and benzoate (0 or 8.4 g/kg feed) influences apparent ileal and faecal digestibility coefficients, bacterial nitrogen (N) flow, microbial metabolite ...
Escalera-Lozano R - - 2008
The use of recycling aluminum from beverage containers and rice-hull ash (RHA) offers to be an attractive alternative for the economic production of Al/SiCp composites. However, corrosion phenomena in the composites represent technological barriers yet to be resolved before they can be exploited to their full potential. A simple methodology ...
Topçu Gülaçti - - 2007
Cell suspension cultures of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. ssp. angustifolia (syn.: L. officinalis Chaix.) afforded a fatty acid composition, cis and trans p-coumaric acids (=p-hydroxy cinnamic acids), and beta-sitosterol. The fatty acid composition was analyzed by GC-MS, and the structures of the isolated three compounds were determined by 1H- and 13C-NMR, ...
Langley Cathryn E - - 2007
The modification of carbon powder with manganese dioxide using a wet impregnation procedure with electrochemical characterisation of the modified powder is described. The process involves saturation of the carbon powder with manganese(II) nitrate followed by thermal treatment at ca. 773 K leading to formation of manganese(IV) oxide on the surface ...
Marques Gisela - - 2007
The chemical composition of leaf fibers of curaua (Ananas erectifolius), an herbaceous plant native of Amazonia, was studied. Special attention was paid to the content and composition of lignin and lipophilic compounds. The analysis of lignin in the curaua fibers was performed in situ by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and ...
Pérez Rosa Ana - - 2007
The amino acid composition of 53 honey samples from Spain, consisting of 39 floral, 5 honeydew, and 9 blend honeys, has been determined. Physicochemical characteristics, polyphenolic content, amino acid composition, and estimation of the radical scavenging capacity against the stable free radical DPPH of the honey samples were analyzed. The ...
Yuan Shaohong - - 2007
Protein, fat content, and beany odor affect consumers' choice of soy foods. Our objective was to characterize protein, lipid, and lipoxygenase activities and fatty acid compositions in food soybeans and to determine how chemical composition and enzyme activities related to the generation of beany odor components, including hexanal, hexanol, trans-2-nonenal, ...
Dincer T - - 2007
We determined the monthly percentage values of biochemical components in paracentrotus lividus, for a 6-month period, and evaluated the findings in relation to seasonal fluctuations in water temperature and weather. Our study is the first to present a long-term biochemical profile of p. lividus in Turkey. They contained an average ...
Petrova Assya - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mushrooms in the genus Agaricus have worldwide distribution and include the economically important species A. bisporus. Some Agaricus species are inedible, including A. placomyces and A. pseudopratensis, which are similar in appearance to certain edible species, yet are known to possess unpleasant odours and induce gastrointestinal problems if ...
Vacic Vladimir - - 2007
Composition Profiler is a web-based tool for semi-automatic discovery of enrichment or depletion of amino acids, either individually or grouped by their physico-chemical or structural properties. The program takes two samples of amino acids as input: a query sample and a reference sample. The latter provides a suitable background amino ...
Walker S C - - 2007
This study compares the meat composition of the offspring from boars produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (n=4) to that of the offspring from conventionally produced boars (n=3). In total, 89 commercial gilts were artificially inseminated and 61 progressed to term and farrowed. All of the resulting piglets were housed ...
Karr-Lilienthal Lisa K - - 2006
This research examined variation in chemical composition and nutrient quality of soybeans (SBs) and soybean meals (SBMs) produced at seven commercial extruder/expeller plants in the United States (experiment 1), as well as differences in amino acid digestibilities when roosters were fed SBMs extruded at 121, 135, 150, or 160 degrees ...
Gao Qing-Bin - - 2006
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are transmembrane proteins which via G-proteins initiate some of the important signaling pathways in a cell and are involved in various physiological processes. Thus, computational prediction and classification of GPCRs can supply significant information for the development of novel drugs in pharmaceutical industry. In this paper, ...
Higuchi Chieko - - 2006
Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) is a bioincompatible solution because of several components. These unphysiological compositions might contribute to the development of peritoneal fibrosis. In the present overview we summarize the influence of each composition of PDF (acidic pH, high concentration of glucose and glucose degradation products; advanced glycation end-products ...
Greish Y E - - 2006
Aspects of the formation of bone analog composites at 37 degrees C are described. The composites are composed of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and the calcium salt of a biocompatible polymer and are capable of forming under in vivo conditions. Composite formation involves the formation of monolithic HAp from particulate calcium phosphate ...
Rushdi Ahmed I - - 2006
Precursor compounds for abiotic proto cellular membranes are necessary for the origin of life. Amphipathic compounds such as fatty acids and acyl glycerols are important candidates for micelle/bilayer/vesicle formation. Two sets of experiments were conducted to study dehydration reactions of model lipid precursors in aqueous media to form acyl polyols ...
Klipcan Liron - - 2006
Partitioning of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and their associated amino acids into two classes allows us to distinguish between thermophilic and mesophilic species based only on amino acids composition. The CLASSDB program has been developed for amino acid content analysis in organisms treated individually or pooled together to form a pattern of ...
Bathgate R - - 2006
Fertility after insemination of cryopreserved boar semen is currently below that of fresh semen. In an attempt to improve the post-thaw motility and acrosome integrity of boar sperm, semen was frozen using an adapted Westendorf method in which the chicken egg yolk was replaced by either duck or quail egg ...
Amézcua-Vega C - - 2007
This work investigated the effect of culture medium composition on a biosurfactant production and their total fatty acids content, as well as the surface tension of media, and biomass production by Candida ingens. A factorial experimental design was used to evaluate the combined effect of C/P, C/N(inorganic), C/Fe, C/Mg ratios ...
Wu Songfeng - - 2006
Multi-modality of pI distribution is a common feature in different whole proteomes. Some researchers considered it relate to the proteins with different subcellular locations, indicating the result of natural selection. We explored the pI distribution of predicted proteomes (including animals, plants, bacterium, archaeans) and random proteome [random protein sequences constructed ...
Taylor Paul D - - 2006
Two algorithms, based onBayesian Networks (BNs), for bacterial subcellular location prediction, are explored in this paper: one predicts all locations for Gram+ bacteria and the other all locations for Gram- bacteria. Methods were evaluated using different numbers of residues (from the N-terminal 10 residues to the whole sequence) and residue ...
Tekaia Fredj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The evolutionary characterization of species and lifestyles at global levels is nowadays a subject of considerable interest, particularly with the availability of many complete genomes. Are there specific properties associated with lifestyles and phylogenies? What are the underlying evolutionary trends? One of the simplest analyses to address such questions ...
De Rosa Salvatore - - 2006
The sterol and fatty acid composition of three Adriatic Sea sponges (Geodia cydonium and two unidentified Tedania sp.), collected at the same time and same place, was established. Twenty-four sterols and forty fatty acids were identified. The identical ecological conditions, including the diet, allowed us to apply the results obtained ...
Srivastava Manjoosha - - 2006
Fatty acid composition of seeds from the fruits of Butea monosperma, Jatropha glandulifera and Portulaca oleracea of three different families, namely Papilionaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Portulaceae were determined through Gas Liquid Chromatography to find novel natural sources of essential fatty acids for human health and of economic interest. Comparative studies were ...
Youssef Noha H - - 2005
Biosurfactant production may be an economic approach to improving oil recovery. To obtain candidates most suitable for oil recovery, 207 strains, mostly belonging to the genus Bacillus, were tested for growth and biosurfactant production in medium with 5% NaCl under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. All strains grew aerobically with 5% ...
Corrigan Deirdre O - - 2006
Chitosan microparticulates were prepared by spray drying from aqueous media containing hydrochloric acid or acetic acid. The medium affected the morphology and degree of acetylation of chitosan, the presence of acetic acid resulting in increased acetylation of the polymer during processing. Co-spray drying salbutamol sulphate/chitosan systems with the crosslinking agent ...
Matsusaki Michiya - - 2005
A novel thermotropic liquid-crystalline biocopolymer, poly{trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (4HCA: trans-coumaric acid)-co-lithocholic acid (LCA)}, was synthesized by a thermal polycondensation of 4HCA and LCA. When the LCA composition of P(4HCA-co-LCA) was 0, 5, 7, 23, 27, and 45 mol%, the copolymers showed a nematic liquid-crystalline phase. The melting point of the copolymers ...
Katti Dinesh R - - 2005
Nanosized montmorillonite clay dispersed in small amounts in polymer results in polymer nanocomposites having superior engineering properties compared to those of the native polymer. These nanoinclusions are created by treating clay with an organic modifier which makes clay organophilic and results in intercalation or exfoliation of the montmorillonite. The modifiers ...
Sexton Owen J - - 2005
Most snakes and lizards produce eggs with flexible shells that interact with the environment to maintain water balance. Geckos produce rigid eggshells that are independent of an external source of water and can be oviposited in more open, dryer locations. In this study, we analyzed and compared the amino acid ...
Przeslawski R - - 2005
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) have been reported as functional chemical sunscreens in a variety of marine organisms, but their role in development of marine embryos and larvae remains largely unexplored. In this study, we quantified MAAs from intertidal egg masses of 46 species of mollusks, two species of polychaetes, and ...
Di Vincenzo Daria - - 2005
The triacylglycerol, fatty acid, and polycyclic triterpene compositions of shea butter were determined for 150 samples from the sub-Saharan countries of Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Uganda. The compositional profiles showed high variability in all three classes of compounds. Shea butter is made up mainly of four triglycerides (TAG) differing ...
Wang Guang-Zhong - - 2005
Dinosaur extinction is a great challenge to evolutionary biology. Although accumulating evidence suggests that an abrupt change of environment, such as a long period of low temperature induced by asteroid hit or other disasters, may be responsible for dinosaur extinction, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. By analyzing ...
He Ling-Yan - - 2006
Vehicle populations in China have been increasing sharply since 1990s. Vehicle emissions including various gaseous pollutants and particulate matter cause deterioration of air quality. However, measurements of particulate mater from on-road vehicles in China are scarcely reported, and thus the chemical compositions of particles emitted from vehicles in China are ...
Miller R R RR - - 2005
Cryogenic protocols have been developed for the storage of farmed silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) spermatozoa. However, these same protocols and modifications of these protocols have failed to satisfactorily preserve spermatozoa collected from farmed blue foxes (Alopex lagopus). Because cryogenic success has been linked to membrane composition, the plasma membrane lipid ...
Bo?chat Iola G - - 2005
The focus of our study was to determine whether the biochemical composition of two algivorous ciliates, both fed the same alga, resembles that of their diet. By comparing both ciliated protozoa we intended to identify species-specific differences in the metabolic features of these ciliates. Carbon- and cell-specific concentrations of fatty ...
Morales de Le?n Josefina - - 2005
Knowledge of the amino acid composition of foods is essential to calculate their chemical score, which is used to predict protein quality of foods and diets. Though amino acid composition of many foods is reasonably well established, better knowledge is needed on native foods consumed in different regions and countries. ...
Onda Yoshihiko - - 2005
The spadix of skunk cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus, is thermogenic and maintains an internal temperature of around 20 degrees C even when the ambient air temperature drops below freezing. This homeothermic heat production is observed only during the stigma stage, and thereafter ceases at the male stage when pollen is shed. ...
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