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Muttagi Gopika C GC Department of Food Science and Nutrition, GKVK, UAS, Bengaluru, 560065 - - 2014
Shelf life of two products namely chikki and oilseed butter were evaluated. Sunflower was substituted for groundnut at three levels (0, 50 and 100 %). Products were stored up to 2 months in ambient conditions (25-30 °C; RH 40-60 %). Chikki was packed in Low density polyethylene (LDPE) and laminated pouches and oil seed ...
Bhise Suresh S Department of Food Science & Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004 Punjab - - 2014
The polyols namely glycerol, sorbitol and mannitol were incorporated at 2, 4 and 6 % level in flour for bread making and their effect on textural properties, bread making quality and sensory acceptability of bread was studied. The effect of incorporation revealed the increased bake absorption, bread weight and decreased specific ...
Hu Rong R Department of Anesthesia, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, - - 2014
This study established an aged rat model of cognitive dysfunction using anesthesia with 2% isoflurane and 80% oxygen for 2 hours. Twenty-four hours later, Y-maze test results showed that isoflurane significantly impaired cognitive function in aged rats. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry results showed that isoflurane also significantly increased the levels of ...
Kim Min Woo MW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Although there is accumulating evidence regarding the additional protective effect of folic acid against adverse pregnancy outcomes other than neural tube defects, these effects have not been elucidated in detail. We evaluated whether folic acid supplementation is associated with favorable maternal and fetal outcomes. This was a secondary analysis of ...
Ganjali Dashti Marjan M School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia ; Enteric Diseases Research Cluster, Institute for Research in Molecular Medicine (INFORMM), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Penang, - - 2014
The biosynthesis of biomedical products including lipid and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) by Cunninghamella bainieri 2A1 was studied in repeated batch fermentation. Three key process variables, namely, glucose concentration, ammonium tartrate concentration, and harvesting time, were optimized using response surface methodology. Repeated batch fermentation was carried out by the cultivation of ...
Libiaková Michaela M Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, - - 2014
The trap of the carnivorous plant Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) catches prey by very rapid closure of its modified leaves. After the rapid closure secures the prey, repeated mechanical stimulation of trigger hairs by struggling prey and the generation of action potentials (APs) result in secretion of digestive fluid. Once ...
Martin Gregory J O GJ Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Many species of microalgae produce greatly enhanced amounts of triacylglycerides (TAGs), the key product for biodiesel production, in response to specific environmental stresses. Improvement of TAG production by microalgae through optimization of growth regimes is of great interest. This relies on understanding microalgal lipid metabolism in relation to stress response ...
Santana Lorena C L R LC Departamento de Farmácia, Laboratório de Pesquisa em Neuroquímica Experimental do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Piauí, 64049-550 Teresina, PI, Brazil ; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia (RENORBIO), Universidade Federal do Piauí, 64049-550 Teresina, PI, - - 2014
The present study primarily aims to identify the relative density and the fatty acids (methyl esters) content present in the standardized ethanol extract of leaves of M. glomerata (EPMG). Meanwhile, in a second moment, this study evaluated the effects of the EPMG on the levels of amino acids in the ...
Ounnas Fayçal F TIMC-IMAG CNRS UMR 5525, Laboratoire PRETA, Cœur et Nutrition, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France ; Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied Bioenergetics (LBFA), Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France ; Inserm, U1055, Grenoble, - - 2014
These studies were designed to assess whether wheat polyphenols (mainly ferulic acid [FA]) increased the very-long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (VLC n-3) [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] in rats. Wheat aleurone (WA) was used as a dietary source of wheat polyphenols. Two experiments were performed; in the first one, ...
Kroghsbo Stine S National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Acid hydrolyzed wheat proteins (HWPs) are used in the food and cosmetic industry as emulsifiers. Cases of severe food allergic reactions caused by HWPs have been reported. Recent data suggest that these reactions are caused by HWPs produced by acid hydrolysis. To examine the sensitizing capacity of gluten proteins per ...
Li Xingsong X Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University, HenglongPhysic Building, Room 212, Shanghai 200433, China Department of Healthcare, Philips Research China, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Backscatter and attenuation parameters are not easily measured in clinical applications due to tissue inhomogeneity in the region of interest (ROI). A least squares method(LSM) that fits the echo signal power spectra from a ROI to a 3-parameter tissue model was used to get attenuation coefficient imaging in fatty liver. ...
Giardino Luciano L Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Università degli Studi di Torino, Crotone, - - 2014
The aim of this ex vivo study was to compare the antibacterial power of 1% NaOCl with 1% acetic acid, 5.25% NaOCl and two commercially available NaOCl modified with surfactants in bovine root dentin. A total of 120 dentin tubes prepared from intact bovine incisors were infected for 21 days ...
Hadian Zahra Z Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University and Academic Staff of National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) have been shown to prevent cardiovascular disease. The most commonly used omega-3 fatty acids like eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are highly vulnerable to oxidation and therefore, have short shelf life. Recent advances in nanoliposomes provided a biocompatible system for stabilizing omega-3 FAs. Several ...
Aoki Naoko N Department of Crown Bridge Prosthodontics, Nihon University School of - - 2014
In this study, effects of the degree of dissociation of acids on the hydrolysis rate of methoxy group in γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) and the adsorption characteristics of γ-MPS on ceramic surfaces were studied using acetic, phosphoric, and hydrochloric acids. Hydrolytic stability of γ-MPS adsorption layer at the resin-ceramic interface was thus ...
Chieng Buong Woei BW Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Plasticized poly(lactic acid) PLA with epoxidized vegetable oils (EVO) were prepared using a melt blending method to improve the ductility of PLA. The plasticization of the PLA with EVO lowers the Tg as well as cold-crystallization temperature. The tensile properties demonstrated that the addition of EVO to PLA led to ...
Varshosaz Jaleh J Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Novel Drug Delivery Systems Research Centre, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-359, Isfahan, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to prepare a stable iv injectable formulation of ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol in preventing the cerebral ischemia. Different niosomal formulations were prepared by Span and Tween mixed with cholesterol. The physicochemical characteristics of niosomal formulations were evaluated in vitro. For in vivo evaluation, ...
Ghasemzadeh Ali A Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
The increase of atmospheric CO2 due to global climate change or horticultural practices has direct and indirect effects on food crop quality. One question that needs to be asked, is whether CO2 enrichment affects the nutritional quality of Malaysian young ginger plants. Responses of total carbohydrate, fructose, glucose, sucrose, protein, ...
Koroleva Olga O Bach Institute of Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt, 33, bld 2, 119071 Moscow, Russia. - - 2014
Antioxidant capacity (AOC) against peroxyl radical and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical cation was measured for a series of p-hydroxybenzoic (HB) and p-hydroxycinnamic (HC) acids at different pH. Quantum-chemical computation was performed using Gaussian 3.0 software package to calculate the geometry and energy parameters of the same compounds. Significant ...
Weidner Stanisław S Department of Biochemistry, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 1A, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland. - - 2014
The material for this study consisted of stratified seeds of Vitis californica submitted to germination under optimum conditions (+25 °C) or under chill stress (+10 °C), also followed by recovery. It has been determined that the germinating seeds contain considerable amounts of tannins, catechins as well as phenolic acids such ...
Zhong Yadong Y Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Kemicentrum, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Butyric acid, one of the key products formed when β-glucans are degraded by the microbiota in the colon, has been proposed to be important for colonic health. Glutamine bound to the fibre may have similar effects once it has been liberated from the fibre in the colon. Both β-glucans and ...
Sheibaninia Ahmad A Department of Orthodontics, Islamic Azad University, Dental School, Tehran Branch, No. 4, 10th Neyestan Alley, Pasdaran Avenue, P.O. Box 19585-175, Tehran, - - 2014
Aim. This study aims to evaluate the effect of acidic food simulant and (acetic acid 3%) on the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores of one conventional and three different self-ligating brackets with different base designs. Materials and Methods. Freshly extracted first maxillary premolars (n = ...
LaBelle Edward V EV Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Marine Biomedicine & Environmental Science Center, Hollings Marine Laboratory, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Production of hydrogen and organic compounds by an electrosynthetic microbiome using electrodes and carbon dioxide as sole electron donor and carbon source, respectively, was examined after exposure to acidic pH (∼5). Hydrogen production by biocathodes poised at -600 mV vs. SHE increased>100-fold and acetate production ceased at acidic pH, but ...
Warnakulasuriya Sumudu N SN Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS B2N 5E3, Canada. - - 2014
Flavonoids have shown promise as natural plant-based antioxidants for protecting lipids from oxidation. It was hypothesized that their applications in lipophilic food systems can be further enhanced by esterification of flavonoids with fatty acids. Quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3G) was esterified individually with six selected long chain fatty acids: stearic acid (STA), oleic ...
Kemse Nisha G NG Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, - - 2014
Our earlier studies have highlighted that an altered one carbon metabolism (vitamin B12, folic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid) is associated with preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is also known to be associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. The current study examines whether maternal folic acid, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation given ...
Woodhead Jeffrey L JL The Hamner-UNC Institute for Drug Safety Sciences, The Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences Research Triangle Park, NC, - - 2014
Inhibition of the bile salt export pump (BSEP) has been linked to incidence of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), presumably by the accumulation of toxic bile acids in the liver. We have previously constructed and validated a model of bile acid disposition within DILIsym®, a mechanistic model of DILI. In this ...
Mozia Sylwia S Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, ul. Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
A possibility of photocatalytic production of useful aliphatic hydrocarbons and H2 from various organic compounds, including acetic acid, methanol, ethanol and glucose, over Fe-modified TiO2 is discussed. In particular, the influence of the reaction atmosphere (N2, air) was investigated. Different gases were identified in the headspace volume of the reactor ...
Nordgren Tara M TM Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Division, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA. - - 2014
Workers exposed to organic dusts from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are at risk for developing airway inflammatory diseases. Available preventative and therapeutic measures for alleviating dust-induced lung disease are inadequate. Because omega-3 fatty acids can mitigate inflammatory processes, we aimed to determine whether nutritional supplementation with the omega-3 fatty ...
Yamamoto Yukihiro Y Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei - - 2014
To utilize n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) for a wide range of applications, we prepared phospholipids (PLs) containing PUFAs as constituent fatty acids (PUFA-PLs) via commercially available lipase OF-mediated transacylation with PL from soy (Soy-PL) and ethyl ester of PUFA (PUFA-Et). In a preliminary study to evaluate PUFA-incorporation (wt%) on ...
Zhao Yan Y College of Chinese Medicinal Materials, Jilin Agricultural University, No. 2888 Xincheng Street, Changchun, Jilin 130118, - - 2014
The ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from Epimedium brevicornu Maxim was modeled using response surface methodology. A Central Composite Design (CCD) was employed to optimize three extraction variables, including ethanol concentration (X 1), extraction time (X 2), and ratio of aqueous ethanol to raw material (X 3), for the achievement ...
Aguirre Marisol M Top Institute of Food & Nutrition, Wageningen, Gelderland, The Netherlands; Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Limburg, The Netherlands; Department of Microbiology & Systems Biology, The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Zeist, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of galacto-oligosaccharides, lactulose, apple fiber and sugar beet pectin on the composition and activity of human colonic microbiota of lean and obese healthy subjects using an in vitro model of the proximal colon: TIM-2. Substrate fermentation was assessed by measuring ...
Sridharan Gautham V GV Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, - - 2014
Metabolites produced by the intestinal microbiota are potentially important physiological modulators. Here we present a metabolomics strategy that models microbiota metabolism as a reaction network and utilizes pathway analysis to facilitate identification and characterization of microbiota metabolites. Of the 2,409 reactions in the model, ~53% do not occur in the ...
Osuna Mariana B MB Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas y Aplicadas, Laboratorio de Industrias Alimentarias I, Cte. Fernández N°755, Chaco, 3700 Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña, Argentina ; Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Buenos Aires, 1900 La Plata, - - 2014
Functional breads constitute an interesting alternative as vehicle of new essential fatty acids sources. The aim of this study was to improve the fatty acids (FA) profile of bakery products, producing breads with low saturated fatty acid (SFA) content and with high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content, through partial substitution ...
Ericsson Anette A Department of Bioscience, AstraZeneca R&D Mölndal, Mölndal, - - 2014
The current study extends previously reported PPARα agonist WY 14,643 (30 µmol/kg/day for 4 weeks) effects on circulating amino acid concentrations in rats fed a 48% saturated fat diet. Steady-state tracer experiments were used to examine in vivo kinetic mechanisms underlying altered plasma serine, glycine and arginine levels. Urinary urea ...
Talaat Iman M IM Botany Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, - - 2014
The effects of foliar application of different concentrations of amino acids (tyrosine and phenylalanine) and phenolic acids (trans-cinnamic acid, benzoic acid and salicylic acid) on growth, pigment content, hormones levels and essential oil content of Ammi visnaga L were carried out during two successive seasons. It is clear that foliar ...
Day P E L - - 2013
Placental glutamine synthesis has been demonstrated in animals and is thought to increase the availability of this metabolically important amino acid to the fetus. Glutamine is of fundamental importance for cellular replication, cellular function and inter-organ nitrogen transfer. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of glutamate/glutamine ...
Shrestha Uttam U Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical sciences, Banaras Hindu University, - - 2013
Alcohol is a potent teratogen inducing oxidative stress as well as a massive wave of apoptosis in the developing brain as well as oxidative stress. It affects brain including cerebellum, hippocampus and cerebral cortex resulting into motor and cognitive deficits. Alcohol depletes folic acid from the body which is essential ...
Liu Biao B Department of Hand Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, Jilin Province, - - 2013
In this study, we aimed to explore the role of ursolic acid in the neural regeneration of the injured sciatic nerve. BALB/c mice were used to establish models of sciatic nerve injury through unilateral sciatic nerve complete transection and microscopic anastomosis at 0.5 cm below the ischial tube-rosity. The successfully ...
Okada Emiko - - 2013
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are persistent organic pollutants that are used in a wide range of consumer products. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that prenatal exposure to toxic levels of PFAAs in the environment may adversely affect fetal growth and humoral immune response in infants and children. Here we have characterized ...
Barceló-Coblijn Gwendolyn G Department of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Therapeutics, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, 501 N. Columbia Rd, Room 3700, Grand Forks, ND, 58202-9037, - - 2013
Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most severe expression of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Although alterations in fetal and neonate brain fatty acid composition and cholesterol content are known to occur in animal models of FASD, the persistence of these alterations into adulthood is unknown. To address this question, ...
Jones Kenneth Lyons - - 2013
Gastroschisis is a congenital abdominal wall defect where there is herniation of abdominal organs. Optimal maternal nutritional intake, in particular, fatty acids, are vital for proper growth and development of the fetus. This pilot case-control study explored the association of several biomarkers of fatty acids and gastroschisis. Between 2008 and ...
Giardini Valentina - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a relationship exists between season at conception and occurrence of Isolated Spina Bifida (ISB). STUDY DESIGN: All fetuses with prenatal diagnosis of ISB were analyzed according to date of conception. We compared the seasonal rates of conception between ISB fetuses and a control group consisting of ...
Ahmad S R SR Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar, 243122 Uttar Pradesh - - 2014
The present study was conducted to determine the effect of three different levels of sorbic acid (0.1 %, 0.2 % and 0.3 %) on the shelf life and storage quality of Kaladhi. Kaladhi was prepared from pasteurized buffalo milk standardized to 6 % fat and 9 % SNF with coagulation at 40 °C using 5 % lactic ...
Tarko Tomasz T Department of Fermentation Technology and Technical Microbiology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Faculty of Food Technology, ul. Balicka 122, 30-149 Krakow, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the suitability of Japanese quince (Chaenomeles japonica), cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) and black mulberry (Morus nigra) fruits as raw materials for processing. All analyzed fruits were characterized by high antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. Fruits of Japanese quince and cornelian cherry ...
Sharma Monika M Food Grains & Oilseeds Processing Division, Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering & Technology (CIPHET), PAU, Ludhiana, 141 004 Punjab - - 2014
Present study was carried out to evaluate the potential of Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) for development of wheat based probiotic beverage and to optimize the proportion of different ingredients viz. sprouted wheat flour, sprouted wheat bran, oat and stabilizer using response surface methodology. Acidity, pH and probiotic count of samples ...
Pasupuleti Vijayanand V Department of Fruit and Vegetable Technology, CSIR- Central Food Technology Research Institute, Mysore, 570 020 - - 2014
Pink flesh guava (Psidium guajava L) is an important tropical fruit widely cultivated in different parts of India. The fruit apart from its characteristic pink flesh color is a good source of ascorbic acid, reducing sugars and pectin. Pink color of guava pulp is attributed to the presence of carotenoid ...
Jayathunge K G L R KG Institute of Post Harvest Technology, Research & Development Center, Jayanthi Mawatha, Anuradhapura, Sri - - 2014
Papaya cubes at maturity stages, 5-45 % yellow (more green than yellow) and 55-80 % yellow (more yellow than green) were washed with 5 % H2O2, drained and packaged in PVC trays having five, seven and ten micro-perforations and stored for 19 days. PVC trays with 3 mm diameter punch holes were used as the ...
Larqué Elvira - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Placental nutrient uptake and transfer may have a unique role, as changes in trophoblast nutrient-sensing signaling pathways regulate cell metabolism and may affect the fetal growth and health programming in the offspring. RECENT FINDINGS: The functionality of the placenta could affect the neonatal adiposity and the fetal ...
Shah Nihir N Department of Dairy Microbiology, SMC College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, 388110 Gujarat - - 2014
A carbonated probiotic fermented milk using India's first fully sequenced potential probiotic strain Lactobacillus helveticus MTCC 5463 in a combination with Streptococcus thermophilus MTCC 5460 was prepared and standardized with respect to carbon dioxide pressure, sugar and salt concentrations based on sensory, physico-chemical and microbial parameters. Final optimized product was ...
Ashworth Cheryl J - - 2013
This study compared maternal plasma amino acid concentrations, placental protein secretion in vitro and fetal body composition and plasma amino acid and hormone concentrations in feto-placental units from the smallest and a normally-sized fetus carried by Large White×Landrace or Meishan gilts on Day 100 of pregnancy. Compared with Large White×Landrace, ...
Lamb Michelle - - 2013
This Report from the Field describes a folic acid awareness event hosted by a College of Pharmacy in conjunction with a local YWCA in observation of National Birth Defects Prevention Month and includes a discussion of the disparity between folic acid awareness and consumption and proposes a new tool to ...
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