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Results 201 - 250 of 785
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Yoder Sally F - - 2012
Numerous antimicrobial interventions are capable of reducing the prevalence of harmful bacteria on raw meat products. There is a need to identify effective and inexpensive antimicrobial interventions that could, in practice, be used in very small meat plants because of limited financial, space, and labor resources. Eight antimicrobial compounds (acetic ...
Huang Hui-Kai - - 2012
The gene for a eukaryotic phenolic acid decarboxylase of Candida guilliermondii was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli for the first time. The structural gene contained an open reading frame of 504 bp, corresponding to 168 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 19,828 Da. The deduced amino ...
de Oliveira Erick Prado - - 2012
High plasma uric acid (UA) is a precipitating factor for gout and renal calculi as well as a strong risk factor for Metabolic Syndrome and cardiovascular disease. The main causes for higher plasma UA are either lower excretion, higher synthesis or both. Higher waist circumference and the BMI are associated ...
Kim Yu Jin - - 2012
Bacterial enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase has been confirmed as a novel target for antibacterial drug development. In the screening of inhibitors of Staphylococcus aureus enoyl-ACP reductase (FabI), we found that a methanol extract of leaves of Morus alba L. potently inhibited S. aureus FabI as well as growth of ...
Robitaille G - - 2012
Caseinomacropeptide (CMP) is a 7-kDa phosphoglycopolypeptide released from κ-casein during milk digestion and in the cheesemaking process. The objective of the study was to analyze the effect of pepsin-treated CMP from cow and goat milk on the resistance of Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus rhamnosus during acid stress. Bacterial cells in ...
Golding Jean J School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, Avon, - - 2012
To assess whether the prevalence of growing pains varies with indicators of fatty acid exposure. Growing pains (limb pains of no obvious explanation) have been shown to be strongly linked to a family history of arthritis, and are thought to predict an increased risk of the development of arthritis in ...
Cheng Lei - - 2012
Tooth caries is a carbohydrate-modified bacterial infectious disease, and recurrent caries is a frequent reason for restoration failure. The objective of this study was to develop a novel antibacterial composite using tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) fillers and bis(2-methacryloyloxy-ethyl) dimethyl-ammonium bromide, which is a quaternary ammonium dimethacrylate (QADM). QADM was synthesized using ...
Joo Young-Chul - - 2011
A putative fatty acid hydratase gene from Macrococcus caseolyticus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme was a 68 kDa dimer with a molecular mass of 136 kDa. The enzymatic products formed from fatty acid substrates by the putative enzyme were isolated with high purity (>99%) by solvent fractional crystallization ...
Fedio Willis M - - 2012
The enrichment, detection and isolation procedure in the current US FDA BAM have been shown effective for Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a wide variety of foods. Recently reported modifications to the enrichment protocol, including post-enrichment immunomagnetic separation (IMS) procedures have improved sensitivity of the method for alfalfa sprouts. However, cultural ...
Warnecke T E - - 2011
We report the identification of a novel small open reading frame in Escherichia coli. The sORF (called iroK) encodes a 21 amino-acid peptide, which when translated confers a 133% (c.a. 20 g/L) increase in resistance to 3-hydroxypropionic acid. We show that IroK conferred tolerance is additive to previously identified tolerance ...
Okutani Satoshi - - 2011
We investigated the mechanical damage to the Escherichia coli cell caused by polyvinyl chloride particles as a model of amino-acid crystal fermentation. Our results indicated that the glucose-consumption rate and the intracellular ATP concentration temporarily increased by the mechanical damage, and decreased after considerable damage had occurred on cell membrane.
Sultana Nasim - - 2011
Usnea undulata Stirton (Usneaaceae) is a fruticose lichen used locally in ethnoveterinary medicine to treat mammary infections in cattle while human beings use it for the treatment of wounds in Eastern Cape, South Africa. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of its extracts led to the isolation and characterization of a new depsidone, 2'-O-methylhypostictic ...
Gulevich Andrey Yu - - 2011
The basic reactions of the clostridial 1-butanol biosynthesis pathway can be regarded to be the inverted reactions of the fatty acid β-oxidation pathway. A pathway for the biosynthesis of fuels and chemicals was recently engineered by combining enzymes from both aerobic and anaerobic fatty acid β-oxidation as well as enzymes ...
Estevinho Leticia M - - 2011
Bee pollen is an important natural product, used in the folk medicine, clinical practices, food and pharmaceutical industries. This work intends to characterise, for the first time in Portugal, the palynological origin, nutritional value and microbiological security of bee pollen. Moisture content, ash, a(w), pH, reducing sugars, carbohydrate, proteins, lipids, ...
Si Dayong - - 2011
Ketopantoic acid (KPA) reductase catalyzes the stereospecific reduction of ketopantoic acid to D: -pantoic acid. Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence of KPA reductase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 845, the KPA reductase gene was cloned from S. maltophilia NBRC14161 and sequenced. This gene contains an open reading frame of 777 bp ...
Cho Byung-Kwan - - 2012
Although metabolic networks have been reconstructed on a genome scale, the corresponding reconstruction and integration of governing transcriptional regulatory networks has not been fully achieved. Here we reconstruct such an integrated network for amino acid metabolism in Escherichia coli. Analysis of ChIP-chip and gene expression data for the transcription factors ...
Kishino Shigenobu - - 2011
Linoleic acid isomerase was identified as a multi-component enzyme system that consists of three enzymes that exist in both the membrane and soluble fractions of Lactobacillus plantarum. One enzyme (CLA-HY) is present in the membrane fraction, while two enzymes (CLA-DH and CLA-DC) exist in the soluble fraction. Three Escherichia coli ...
Abe Isao - - 2011
The gene encoding α-amino acid ester acyl transferase (AET), the enzyme that catalyzes the peptide-forming reaction from amino acid methyl esters and amino acids, was cloned from Empedobacter brevis ATCC14234 and Sphingobacterium siyangensis AJ2458 and expressed in Escherichia coli. This is the first report on the aet gene. It encodes ...
Kang Zhen - - 2011
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has recently attracted significant attentions due to its potential applications in many diverse fields. The majority of engineered ALA producers are based on the whole cell catalysis, supplemented with succinate and glycine as precursors. Recently, we succeeded in producing ALA directly from inexpensive glucose, through re-constructing the ...
Yu Xingye - - 2011
Microbial fatty acid derivatives are emerging as promising alternatives to fossil fuel derived transportation fuels. Among bacterial fatty acid synthases (FAS), the Escherichia coli FAS is perhaps the most well studied, but little is known about its steady-state kinetic behavior. Here we describe the reconstitution of E. coli FAS using ...
Sarkar Jaya J Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 419 Roger Adams Laboratory, Box B-4, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, - - 2011
Many aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases prevent mistranslation by relying upon proofreading activities at multiple stages of the aminoacylation reaction. In leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS), editing activities that precede or are subsequent to tRNA charging have been identified. Although both are operational, either the pre- or post-transfer editing activity can predominate. Yeast cytoplasmic LeuRS ...
Ridlon Jason M - - 2012
The human bile acid pool composition is composed of both primary bile acids (cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid) and secondary bile acids (deoxycholic acid and lithocholic acid). Secondary bile acids are formed by the 7α-dehydroxylation of primary bile acids carried out by intestinal anaerobic bacteria. We have previously described a ...
Park Yoen Ju - - 2011
Some Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains produce extracellular cellulose, a long polymer of glucose with β-1-4 glycosidic bonds. This study evaluated the efficacies of selected enzymatic and chemical treatments in inactivating STEC and degrading/removing the cellulose on STEC surfaces. Six cellulose-producing STEC strains were treated with cellulase (0.51 to ...
Zhang Xiujun - - 2011
Microbial biosynthesis of fatty acid-like chemicals from renewable carbon sources has attracted significant attention in recent years. Free fatty acids can be used as precursors for the production of fuels or chemicals. Free fatty acids can be produced by introducing an acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase gene into Escherichia coli. The ...
Lennen Rebecca M - - 2011
Microbially produced fatty acids are potential precursors to high-energy-density biofuels, including alkanes and alkyl ethyl esters, by either catalytic conversion of free fatty acids (FFAs) or enzymatic conversion of acyl-acyl carrier protein or acyl-coenzyme A intermediates. Metabolic engineering efforts aimed at overproducing FFAs in Escherichia coli have achieved less than ...
Takahashi N N Division of Oral Ecology and Biochemistry, Department of Oral Biology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, 4-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. - - 2011
Dental caries is initiated by demineralization of the tooth surface through acid production from sugar by plaque biofilm. Fluoride and xylitol have been used worldwide as caries-preventive reagents, based on in vitro-proven inhibitory mechanisms on bacterial acid production. We attempted to confirm the inhibitory mechanisms of fluoride and xylitol in ...
Ragasa Consolacion Y - - 2011
The freeze-dried bark of Barringtonia asiatica afforded a new triterpene: (3β,11α)-11-hydroxyolean-12-en-3-yl palmitate (1). The bark also yielded mixtures of (3β)-olean-12-en-3-yl palmitate (2a), (3β)-urs-12-en-3-yl palmitate (2b) and (3β)-olean-18-en-3-yl palmitate (2c) in a 2 : 1 : 4 ratio; β-amyrin (3a), α-amyrin (3b) and germanicol (3c) in a 3 : 1 : 4 ratio; 22-O-tigloylcamelliagenin A (4a) and betulinic acid ...
Johnson David B F DB The Jack H. Skirball Center for Chemical Biology and Proteomics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, - - 2011
Stop codons have been exploited for genetic incorporation of unnatural amino acids (Uaas) in live cells, but their low incorporation efficiency, which is possibly due to competition from release factors, limits the power and scope of this technology. Here we show that the reportedly essential release factor 1 (RF1) can ...
Pech-Canul Ángel - - 2011
FadD is an acyl coenzyme A (CoA) synthetase responsible for the activation of exogenous long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) into acyl-CoAs. Mutation of fadD in the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti promotes swarming motility and leads to defects in nodulation of alfalfa plants. In this study, we found that S. meliloti ...
Zhang Xiujun - - 2011
The microbial biosynthesis of free fatty acid, which can be used as precursors for the production of fuels or chemicals from renewable carbon sources, has attracted significant attention in recent years. Free fatty acids can be produced by introducing an acyl-carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase (TE) gene into Escherichia coli. The ...
Kumar Manoj - - 2011
Here we report the design of a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)-based sensing system that could detect nucleic acid target in 5min with high sensitivity and selectivity. The sensing system is based on adjacent binding of oligonucleotide probes labeled with Renilla luciferase (Rluc) and quantum dot (Qd) on the nucleic ...
Binter Alexandra - - 2011
As inhibitors of chitin synthase, nikkomycins have attracted interest as potential antibiotics. The biosynthetic pathway to these peptide nucleosides in Streptomyces tendae is only partially known. In order to elucidate the last step of the biosynthesis of the aminohexuronic building block, we have heterologously expressed a predicted aminotransferase encoded by ...
Roy Sumita - - 2011
The major bacterial pathogens associated with periodontitis include Tannerella forsythia. We previously discovered that sialic acid stimulates biofilm growth of T. forsythia, and that sialidase activity is key to utilization of sialoconjugate sugars and is involved in host-pathogen interactions in vitro. The aim of this work was to assess the ...
Dobretsov Sergey - - 2011
Seventy eight natural products from chemical libraries containing compounds from marine organisms (sponges, algae, fungi, tunicates and cyanobacteria) and terrestrial plants, were screened for the inhibition of bacterial quorum sensing (QS) using a reporter strain Chromobacterium violaceum CV017. About half of the natural products did not show any QS inhibition. ...
Liu Huaiwei - - 2011
An engineered Escherichia coli was constructed to produce d-xylonic acid, one of the top 30 high-value chemicals identified by US Department of Energy. The native pathway for d-xylose catabolism in E. coli W3110 was blocked by disrupting xylose isomerase (XI) and xylulose kinase (XK) genes. The native pathway for xylonic ...
Zhang Rui - - 2011
Microbial phytases play a major role in the mineralization of organic phosphorous, especially in symbiotic plants and animals. In this study, we identified two types of phytases in Serratia sp. TN49 that was harbored in the gut of Batocera horsfieldi (Coleoptera) larvae. The two phytases, an acidic histidine acid phosphatase ...
Hochbaum Allon I - - 2011
Biofilms are communities of cells held together by a self-produced extracellular matrix typically consisting of protein, exopolysaccharide, and often DNA. A natural signal for biofilm disassembly in Bacillus subtilis is certain D-amino acids, which are incorporated into the peptidoglycan and trigger the release of the protein component of the matrix. ...
Adler Jeremy M - - 2011
Brine solution injection of beef contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 on its surface may lead to internalization of pathogen cells and/or cross-contamination of the brine, which when recirculated, may serve as a source of new product contamination. This study evaluated survival of E. coli O157:H7 in brines formulated without or ...
Wei Qing-Yi - - 2011
Cinnamaldehyde is a well-established natural antimicrobial compound. It is probable for cinnamaldehyde to react with amino acid forming Schiff base adduct in real food system. In this paper, 9 such kind of adducts were prepared by the direct reaction of amino acids with cinnamaldehyde at room temperature. Their antimicrobial activities ...
Husniza H - - 2011
Assessment of amino acid decarboxylase activity can be conducted using tubed broth or plated agar. In this study, the test was carried out in microtitre plates containing lysine, ornithine, arginine, tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine or histidine as biogenic amine precursors. Møller decarboxylase base broth (MDB) with or without 1% of a ...
Liang Li-Ya - - 2011
Escherichia coli NZN111 is a double mutant with inactivated lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate formate-lyase. It cannot utilize glucose anaerobically because of its unusually high intracellular NADH/NAD(+) ratio. We have now constructed a recombinant strain, E. coli NZN111/pTrc99a-mdh, which, during anaerobic fermentation, produced 4.3 g succinic acid l(-1) from 13.5 g glucose l(-1). The NADH/NAD(+) ratio ...
Meesapyodsuk Dauenpen - - 2011
While oat (Avena sativa) has long been known to produce epoxy fatty acids in seeds, synthesized by a peroxygenase pathway, the gene encoding the peroxygenase remains to be determined. Here we report identification of a peroxygenase cDNA AsPXG1 from developing seeds of oat. AsPXG1 is a small protein with 249 ...
Feng Youjun Y Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2011
Glycerol-3-phosphate (sn-glycerol-3-P, G3P) acyltransferase catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, the acylation of G3P to form 1-acyl G3P (lysophosphatidic acid). The paradigm G3P acyltransferase is the Escherichia coli plsB gene product which acylates position-1 of G3P using fatty acids in thioester linkage to either acyl ...
Mazimba Ofentse - - 2011
The investigation of Tylosema esculentum (Morama) husks, cotyledons, and tuber yielded griffonilide 2, compound 1, griffonin 3, gallic acid 4, protocatechuic acid 5, β-sitosterol 6, behenic acid 7, oleic acid 8, sucrose 9, 2-O-ethyl-α-d-glucopyranoside 10, kaempferol 11 and kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside 12. The structures of the isolates were determined by NMR, HR-TOF ...
Takala P N - - 2011
Radiosensitization of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, and aerobic microflora was evaluated in broccoli florets coated by antimicrobial coatings and treated with different doses of γ-radiation. Broccoli florets were inoculated with aerobic microflora isolated from broccoli and with pathogenic bacteria (L. monocytogenes, E. coli, and Salmonella Typhimurium) at 10(6) ...
Badger John - - 2011
LpxD is a bacterial protein that is part of the biosynthesis pathway of lipid A and is responsible for transferring 3-hydroxymyristic acid from the R-3-hydroxymyristoyl-acyl carrier protein to the 2-OH group of UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxymyristoyl) glucosamine. The crystal structure of LpxD from Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been determined at high resolution (1.3 Å). The ...
Stincone Anna - - 2011
In order to develop an infection, diarrhogenic Escherichia coli has to pass through the stomach, where the pH can be as low as 1. Mechanisms that enable E. coli to survive in low pH are thus potentially relevant for pathogenicity. Four acid response systems involved in reducing the concentration of ...
Correia Vanessa G - - 2011
A method using supercritical CO(2) to obtain biocompatible 2-oxazoline-based oligomers quaternized with different amines is described. The synthesized oligo(2-oxazoline)s display partial carbamic-acid insertion at one end. The syntheses of quaternary oligo(2-bisoxazoline)s and linear oligoethylenimine hydrochlorides are reported. Oligo(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) and oligo(2-bisoxazoline) quaternized with N,N-dimethyldodecylamine are the most efficient biocidal agents showing ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2011
The Phaeodactylum tricornutum (P. tricornutum) thioesterase PtTE was encoded by a 648 bp open reading frame. The deduced 216 amino acids showed no similarity with plant acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases and bacterial thioesterases. Southern blot analysis revealed that one copy of PtTE was present in the P. tricornutum genome, ...
Lu Huiying J - - 2011
Outbreaks of disease due to vegetative bacterial pathogens associated with acid foods (such as apple cider) have raised concerns about acidified vegetables and related products that have a similar pH (3.2 to 4.0). Escherichia coli O157:H7 and related strains of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) have been identified as the most ...
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