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Results 201 - 250 of 720
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Chang Chwen-Tzuei CT Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2011
Anti-inflammatory effects of tormentic acid (TA) were investigated ex vivo and in vivo. TA decreased the paw edema at the 4th and 5thhour after λ-carrageenin (Carr) administration, and increased the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the liver tissue. TA also significantly attenuated the ...
Zou Dongsheng - - 2011
Supersecondary structures (SSSs) are the building blocks of protein 3D structures. Accurate prediction of SSSs can be one important step toward building a tertiary structure from the specified secondary structure. How to improve the accuracy of prediction of SSSs by effectively incorporating the sequence order effects is an important and ...
Torrea Diego D Australian Wine Research Institute, P.O. Box 197, Glen Osmond (Adelaide), SA 5064, Australia; Universidad Pubica de Navarra, Department of Applied Chemistry, Campus Arrosadia S-N, E-31006 Pamplona, - - 2011
Inorganic nitrogen salts, and to a growing extent organic nitrogen preparations, are widely used to ameliorate a nitrogen deficiency in wine fermentation, but the impact of nitrogen supplementation on perceived wine sensory profile is essentially unknown. Supplementation of a low nitrogen Chardonnay grape juice with either ammonium nitrogen or combined ...
Supapvanich Suriyan S Faculty of Natural Resources and Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, Chalermprakiat Sakonnakhon Province Campus, Muang District, Sakonnakhon Province 47000, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2011
Physicochemical changes, such as peel and flesh colours, total anthocyanin content, browning index, firmness, total soluble solid (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), sugar acid ratio (TSS/TA), antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and ascorbic acid content, in fresh-cut Taaptimjan wax apple fruit stored at 4±2°C and 12±2°C for 7days were investigated. The ...
Kang Hee Joo HJ Research Division for Emerging Innovative Technology, Korea Food Research Institute, 516 Baekhyun, Bundang, Sungnam, Kyongki 463-746, Republic of - - 2011
Changes in the water-soluble metabolites of meju during fermentation were analysed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF MS), and the resultant data were statistically processed by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Various metabolites, including amino acids, small peptides, nucleosides, urea cycle intermediates, and organic acids, which ...
Lechardeur Delphine - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a phylogenetically diverse group named for their main attribute in food fermentations, that is, production of lactic acid. However, several LAB are genetically equipped for aerobic respiration metabolism when provided with exogenous sources of heme (and menaquinones for some species). Respiration metabolism is energetically favorable ...
Szymańska Grazyna - - 2011
For L-aspartic acid biosynthesis, high production cells of Escherichia coli mutant B-715 and P1 were immobilized in chitosan gel using a technique developed in our laboratory. The immobilization process reduced initial activity of the intact cells, however, the biocatalyst produced was very stabile for long-term use in multi-repeated batch or ...
Raja Alsaba F - - 2011
Boswellic acids mixture of triterpenic acids obtained from the oleo gum resin of Boswellia serrata and known for its effectiveness in the treatment of chronic inflammatory disease including peritumor edema. Boswellic acids have been extensively studied for a number of activities including anti inflammatory, antitumor, immunomodulatory, and inflammatory bowel diseases. ...
Coddens Annelies - - 2011
Enterotoxigenic F4-fimbriated Escherichia coli is associated with diarrheal disease in neonatal and postweaning pigs. The F4 fimbriae mediate attachment of the bacteria to the pig intestinal epithelium, enabling an efficient delivery of diarrhea-inducing enterotoxins to the target epithelial cells. There are three variants of F4 fimbriae designated F4ab, F4ac and ...
Duan Yangkai - - 2011
Biodiesel is a renewable alternative to petroleum diesel fuel that can contribute to carbon dioxide emission reduction and energy supply. Biodiesel is composed of fatty acid alkyl esters, including fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), and is currently produced through the transesterification reaction of methanol ...
Larance Mark M Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2011
We describe an approach for accurate quantitation of global protein dynamics in Caenorhabditis elegans. We adapted stable-isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) for nematodes by feeding worms a heavy lysine- and heavy arginine-labeled Escherichia coli strain and report a genetic solution to elminate the problem of arginine-to-proline ...
Chohany Lucas E - - 2010
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of 1,4-dienes to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. The best substrates are anions of fatty acids; for example, linoleate is converted to 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoate. The manner in which SBLO-1 binds substrates is uncertain. In the present work, it was found that SBLO-1 will oxygenate linoleyltrimethylammonium ion ...
Hung Pham Van PV School of Biotechnology, International University, Vietnam National University, Quarter 6, Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc District, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam; Wheat Enzymes and Asian End Product, Grain Research Laboratory, Canadian Grain Commission, 1404-303 Main Street, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3C 3G8. Electronic address: - - 2011
The phenolic acid profiles of flours from two Canadian wheat classes, Canadian Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canadian Western Amber Durum (CWAD), were investigated using two different extraction mediums and analysed on an ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) system at different degrees of sprout damage. A sound (non-sprouted) control sample as ...
Połomska M - - 2011
New bio-inspired polymer composites of alginic acid and benzimidazole were created and characterized by FT NIR Raman spectroscopy. The obtained films with 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:1.5 molar ratio are homogeneous, with good mechanical properties. Raman spectra recorded at room temperature revealed that the obtained films are a new compound with ...
Ota Masaki - - 2011
Effects of oxygen and nitrate on fatty acid/lipid production from a highly CO(2)-tolerant microalgal species Chlorococcum littorale were examined under photoautotrophic conditions of 295 K, a light intensity of 170 μmol-photon m(-2) s(-1), a bubbling CO(2) concentration of 5% (v/v) and bubbling oxygen concentrations to be volumetrically adjusted by mixing ...
Mohabatkar Hassan - - 2010
There are different types of cyclins, which are active during the cell cycle and enable cyclin-dependent kinases to phosphorylate different substrates. Since there is not much similarity between amino acid sequences of cyclins, predicting these proteins is an important job. This paper presents a bioinformatics classifier to predict cyclins based ...
Hu Mingxi - - 2010
Biofilm is bacterial population adherent to each other and to surfaces or interfaces, often enclosed by a matrix. Various biomolecules contribute to the establishment of biofilms, yet the process of building a biofilm is still under active investigation. Indole is known as a metabolite of amino acid tryptophan, which, however, ...
Erkan Nuray - - 2010
Amino acid and proximate compositions were determined in six raw and cooked marine fish species that are commonly consumed in Turkey. The changes in amino acid and proximate content were found to be significant for all cooking methods in all fish species. Cooking did, in general, significantly increase the contents ...
Deepa B - - 2011
In this work, cellulose nanofibers were extracted from banana fibers via a steam explosion technique. The chemical composition, morphology and thermal properties of the nanofibers were characterized to investigate their suitability for use in bio-based composite material applications. Chemical characterization of the banana fibers confirmed that the cellulose content was ...
Matsuhashi T - - 2011
The quality of fat is an important factor in defining the quality of meat. Fat quality is determined by the composition of fatty acids. Among lipid metabolism-related genes, including fatty acid synthesis genes, several genetic variations have been reported in the bovine fatty acid synthase (FASN), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), sterol ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the titratable acidity and effect of naturally acidic agents on the surface microhardness, elemental composition, and surface morphology of fluorapatite-leucite ceramics. One hundred and ten ceramic disks (IPS d.SIGN), 12.0 mm in diameter and 2.0 mm in thickness, were fabricated. Before immersion, the baseline ...
Whittaker Anne - - 2010
The present study was aimed at examining the effect of tuber mineral composition, distinctive for geographical location, on the expression of acrylamide precursors in three potato genotypes (Arinda, Rossa di Cetica and Sieglinde) in three Italian potato cultivation regions (Puglia, Sicily and Tuscany). Sucrose and amino acids were not correlated ...
Chen Xi - - 2010
A basalt fiber (BF) was, for the first time, introduced into a poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix as innovative reinforcement to fabricate composite materials for hard tissue repair. Firstly, BF/PLLA composites and pure PLLA were produced by the methods of solution blending and freeze drying. The results showed that basalt fibers ...
Li Guipu - - 2010
Seasonal variation in the nutrient composition of Mytilus coruscus (thick shell mussel), cultivated in Shengsi Islands, Zhejiang Province, China, was investigated in this study. Proximate composition, mineral and amino acid concentrations, as well as the compositions of the lipid and fatty acid of thick shell mussels were analyzed. Proximate composition ...
Prieto N - - 2010
The potential of X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a predictor of cuts composition and meat quality traits using a multivariate calibration method (partial least square regression, PLSR) was investigated in beef cattle. Sirloins from 88 crossbred Aberdeen Angus (AAx) and 106 Limousin (LIMx) cattle were scanned using spiral CT. Subsequently, ...
Riskin Michael - - 2010
Au nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with thioaniline and cysteine are used to assemble bis-aniline-bridged Au-NP composites on Au surfaces using an electropolymerization process. During the polymerization of the functionalized Au NPs in the presence of different amino acids, for example, L-glutamic acid, L-aspartic acid, L-histidine, and L-phenylalanine, zwitterionic interactions between the ...
Glaser Claudia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for fatty acid (FA) composition of serum glycerophospholipids (GPs) in children with a new high-throughput method. STUDY DESIGN: The GP FA composition of 1326 serum samples obtained from a cohort of 951 children at 2 and 6 years, participating in the German Influences of Lifestyle ...
Jobson Richard W - - 2010
Recent studies across animal phyla have suggested a possible link between amino acid compositional shifts and adaptive evolution across mitochondrial proteomes enabling longer lifespans. These studies examined associations of a gradual loss of cysteine (Cys) residues, increased usage of methionine (Met), and increased usage of threonine (Thr), with the evolution ...
Chiozza Mariana V - - 2010
Although soybean aphid (Aphis glycines) resistance is commercially available in the form of the Rag1 gene, the mechanism of this resistance is not fully understood. Amino acids are a limiting factor for aphid growth, and there is evidence that plant amino acid composition is related to aphid resistance. Antibiotic resistance ...
Croxton Ruth S - - 2010
The enhancement of latent fingerprints, both at the crime scene and in the laboratory using an array of chemical, physical and optical techniques, permits their use for identification. Despite the plethora of techniques available, there are occasions when latent fingerprints are not successfully enhanced. An understanding of latent fingerprint chemistry ...
Skogerson Kirsten - - 2010
This study sought to assess genetic and environmental impacts on the metabolite composition of maize grain. Gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) measured 119 identified metabolites including free amino acids, free fatty acids, sugars, organic acids, and other small molecules in a range of hybrids derived from 48 ...
Pizzarello Sandra - - 2010
Carbon-containing meteorites provide a natural sample of the extraterrestrial organic chemistry that occurred in the solar system ahead of life's origin on the Earth. Analyses of 40 years have shown the organic content of these meteorites to be materials as diverse as kerogen-like macromolecules and simpler soluble compounds such as ...
Jiao Zhe - - 2010
Unintended compositional changes in transgenic rice seeds were studied by near-infrared reflectance, GC-MS, HPLC, and ICP-AES coupled with chemometrics strategies. Three kinds of transgenic rice with resistance to fungal diseases or insect pests were comparatively studied with the nontransgenic counterparts in terms of key nutrients such as protein, amino acids, ...
Samaee S-M - - 2010
Free amino acids (FAAs) play a key role in the physiology of marine teleosts (eggs, embryos, and larvae). However, the relationship between the egg FAAs content and the production of viable embryos and larvae (at different developmental stages) in batch spawner pelagophils has not yet comprehensively been investigated. Viable eggs ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microhardness and surface elemental compositions of ceramics immersed in acidic agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five ceramic disc specimens were made from each of four types of ceramic (VMK 95, Vitadur Alpha, Empress Esthetic and IPS e.max Ceram). Before immersion, baseline data of Vicker's microhardness and elemental ...
Mailhot Genevi?ve - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e10446 in vol. 5.].
Wang Lingling - - 2010
In this paper, a novel method so-called bioluminescence inhibition assay with luminous bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum) was introduced to evaluate the toxicity of quantum dots. The bioassay was based on measuring the decrease of the light emitted by luminous bacteria. With obvious advantages of simplicity, rapidity and sensitivity, it can dramatically ...
Villarreal Diana - - 2009
In a previous study, the effectiveness of chlorogenic acids, fatty acids (FA), and elements was compared for the discrimination of Arabica varieties and growing terroirs. Since FA provided the best results, the aim of the present work was to validate their discrimination ability using an extended experimental design, including twice ...
Purcell Erin K EK Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2099, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of alginate composition on the neurotrophic factor release, viability, and proliferation of encapsulated neural stem cells (NSCs), as well as on the mechanical stability of the scaffold itself. Four compositions were tested: a high guluronic acid (68%) and a high ...
R?misch-Margl Lilla - - 2010
Heterosis is the superior performance of hybrids over their inbred parents. Despite its importance, little is known about the genetic and molecular basis of this phenomenon. Heterosis has been extensively exploited in plant breeding, particularly in maize (Zea mays, L.), and is well documented in the B73 and Mo17 maize ...
Wilder Shawn M - - 2010
We tested whether the carbohydrate and amino acid content of extrafloral nectar affected prey choice by a predatory ant. Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta, were provided with artificial nectar that varied in the presence of carbohydrates and amino acids and were then provided with two prey items that differed in nutritional ...
Brunschwig Christel - - 2009
In order to establish a chemical fingerprint of vanilla diversity, thirty samples of V. planifolia J. W. Moore and V. tahitensis G. Jackson cured beans from seven producing countries were examined for their aroma and fatty acid contents. Both fatty acid and aroma compositions were found to vary between vanilla ...
Moreno-Indias I - - 2009
To analyze differences in fat and protein content in cheese whey (CW) manufactured in cheese-making factories and farms, goat CW samples were obtained from 60 cheese-making farms and 20 cheese factories. Gross composition of samples was analyzed by using an MIRIS device (MIRIS Inc., Uppsala, Sweden), whey protein composition was ...
Dinh T T N - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare the fatty acid (FA) composition of intramuscular fat from the LM of 3 divergent breeds of cattle: Angus (AN, n = 9), Brahman (BR, n = 7), and Romosinuano (RM, n = 11). Cattle were blocked by breed and finished 129 d ...
Tanur Adrienne E - - 2010
To date, the calcareous tubes of serpulid marine worms have not been studied extensively in a biomineralization context. The structure and composition of the tube shell and adhesive cement of the marine tubeworm Hydroides dianthus were studied using a variety of characterization techniques, including powder XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, and ...
Liang Zhu - - 2010
A detailed investigation of the development of the mineral composition and crystallinity of fly ash (FA) activated by an integrated process, as well as the relation between that development and phosphate uptake (PU) in solution, was conducted. This process, consisting of pretreatment (mechanical milling), alkali fusion (sodium hydroxide) at 550 ...
Wang Xuejun - - 2010
To mimic the nano-fibrous structure of the natural extracellular matrix, a nano composite scaffold of poly(L-lactic acid)/hydroxyapatite(PLLA/HAP) was fabricated by a thermally induced phase separation method. The characterization of the composite scaffold showed that the scaffold had a nano-fibrous PLLA network (fiber size 100-750 nm), an interconnective microporous structure (1-10 ...
Landahl Sandra - - 2009
The ripeness degree of climacteric fruits, such as avocado ( Persea americana Mill.), can be correlated with rheological properties. However, there remains little information on not only the postharvest changes in texture of avocado fruit from different origins but also the spatial variation within fruit. In addition, the relationship between ...
Lind Vibeke - - 2009
Many consumers perceive lamb meat from mountain pastures to be of superior quality, a quality that may be altered if lambs are kept for a longer period on cultivated pastures before slaughtering. The objective of this experiment was to compare sensory profile and fatty acid composition in meat from lambs ...
Murray Davoy - - 2009
This paper reports the preparation of PS-PEI-Au composite colloids via the utilization of a facile method involving poly(ethylenimine) (PEI). The PEI used in the reaction scheme served the role of a linker between Au and PS and additionally as a reducing agent in the conversion of Au ions to Au ...
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