Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 603
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Pérez Rosa Ana - - 2007
The amino acid composition of 53 honey samples from Spain, consisting of 39 floral, 5 honeydew, and 9 blend honeys, has been determined. Physicochemical characteristics, polyphenolic content, amino acid composition, and estimation of the radical scavenging capacity against the stable free radical DPPH of the honey samples were analyzed. The ...
Yuan Shaohong - - 2007
Protein, fat content, and beany odor affect consumers' choice of soy foods. Our objective was to characterize protein, lipid, and lipoxygenase activities and fatty acid compositions in food soybeans and to determine how chemical composition and enzyme activities related to the generation of beany odor components, including hexanal, hexanol, trans-2-nonenal, ...
Dincer T - - 2007
We determined the monthly percentage values of biochemical components in paracentrotus lividus, for a 6-month period, and evaluated the findings in relation to seasonal fluctuations in water temperature and weather. Our study is the first to present a long-term biochemical profile of p. lividus in Turkey. They contained an average ...
Petrova Assya - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mushrooms in the genus Agaricus have worldwide distribution and include the economically important species A. bisporus. Some Agaricus species are inedible, including A. placomyces and A. pseudopratensis, which are similar in appearance to certain edible species, yet are known to possess unpleasant odours and induce gastrointestinal problems if ...
Vacic Vladimir - - 2007
Composition Profiler is a web-based tool for semi-automatic discovery of enrichment or depletion of amino acids, either individually or grouped by their physico-chemical or structural properties. The program takes two samples of amino acids as input: a query sample and a reference sample. The latter provides a suitable background amino ...
Walker S C - - 2007
This study compares the meat composition of the offspring from boars produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (n=4) to that of the offspring from conventionally produced boars (n=3). In total, 89 commercial gilts were artificially inseminated and 61 progressed to term and farrowed. All of the resulting piglets were housed ...
Karr-Lilienthal Lisa K - - 2006
This research examined variation in chemical composition and nutrient quality of soybeans (SBs) and soybean meals (SBMs) produced at seven commercial extruder/expeller plants in the United States (experiment 1), as well as differences in amino acid digestibilities when roosters were fed SBMs extruded at 121, 135, 150, or 160 degrees ...
Gao Qing-Bin - - 2006
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are transmembrane proteins which via G-proteins initiate some of the important signaling pathways in a cell and are involved in various physiological processes. Thus, computational prediction and classification of GPCRs can supply significant information for the development of novel drugs in pharmaceutical industry. In this paper, ...
Higuchi Chieko - - 2006
Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) is a bioincompatible solution because of several components. These unphysiological compositions might contribute to the development of peritoneal fibrosis. In the present overview we summarize the influence of each composition of PDF (acidic pH, high concentration of glucose and glucose degradation products; advanced glycation end-products ...
Greish Y E - - 2006
Aspects of the formation of bone analog composites at 37 degrees C are described. The composites are composed of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and the calcium salt of a biocompatible polymer and are capable of forming under in vivo conditions. Composite formation involves the formation of monolithic HAp from particulate calcium phosphate ...
Rushdi Ahmed I - - 2006
Precursor compounds for abiotic proto cellular membranes are necessary for the origin of life. Amphipathic compounds such as fatty acids and acyl glycerols are important candidates for micelle/bilayer/vesicle formation. Two sets of experiments were conducted to study dehydration reactions of model lipid precursors in aqueous media to form acyl polyols ...
Klipcan Liron - - 2006
Partitioning of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and their associated amino acids into two classes allows us to distinguish between thermophilic and mesophilic species based only on amino acids composition. The CLASSDB program has been developed for amino acid content analysis in organisms treated individually or pooled together to form a pattern of ...
Bathgate R - - 2006
Fertility after insemination of cryopreserved boar semen is currently below that of fresh semen. In an attempt to improve the post-thaw motility and acrosome integrity of boar sperm, semen was frozen using an adapted Westendorf method in which the chicken egg yolk was replaced by either duck or quail egg ...
Amézcua-Vega C - - 2007
This work investigated the effect of culture medium composition on a biosurfactant production and their total fatty acids content, as well as the surface tension of media, and biomass production by Candida ingens. A factorial experimental design was used to evaluate the combined effect of C/P, C/N(inorganic), C/Fe, C/Mg ratios ...
Wu Songfeng - - 2006
Multi-modality of pI distribution is a common feature in different whole proteomes. Some researchers considered it relate to the proteins with different subcellular locations, indicating the result of natural selection. We explored the pI distribution of predicted proteomes (including animals, plants, bacterium, archaeans) and random proteome [random protein sequences constructed ...
Taylor Paul D - - 2006
Two algorithms, based onBayesian Networks (BNs), for bacterial subcellular location prediction, are explored in this paper: one predicts all locations for Gram+ bacteria and the other all locations for Gram- bacteria. Methods were evaluated using different numbers of residues (from the N-terminal 10 residues to the whole sequence) and residue ...
Tekaia Fredj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The evolutionary characterization of species and lifestyles at global levels is nowadays a subject of considerable interest, particularly with the availability of many complete genomes. Are there specific properties associated with lifestyles and phylogenies? What are the underlying evolutionary trends? One of the simplest analyses to address such questions ...
De Rosa Salvatore - - 2006
The sterol and fatty acid composition of three Adriatic Sea sponges (Geodia cydonium and two unidentified Tedania sp.), collected at the same time and same place, was established. Twenty-four sterols and forty fatty acids were identified. The identical ecological conditions, including the diet, allowed us to apply the results obtained ...
Srivastava Manjoosha - - 2006
Fatty acid composition of seeds from the fruits of Butea monosperma, Jatropha glandulifera and Portulaca oleracea of three different families, namely Papilionaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Portulaceae were determined through Gas Liquid Chromatography to find novel natural sources of essential fatty acids for human health and of economic interest. Comparative studies were ...
Youssef Noha H - - 2005
Biosurfactant production may be an economic approach to improving oil recovery. To obtain candidates most suitable for oil recovery, 207 strains, mostly belonging to the genus Bacillus, were tested for growth and biosurfactant production in medium with 5% NaCl under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. All strains grew aerobically with 5% ...
Corrigan Deirdre O - - 2006
Chitosan microparticulates were prepared by spray drying from aqueous media containing hydrochloric acid or acetic acid. The medium affected the morphology and degree of acetylation of chitosan, the presence of acetic acid resulting in increased acetylation of the polymer during processing. Co-spray drying salbutamol sulphate/chitosan systems with the crosslinking agent ...
Matsusaki Michiya - - 2005
A novel thermotropic liquid-crystalline biocopolymer, poly{trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (4HCA: trans-coumaric acid)-co-lithocholic acid (LCA)}, was synthesized by a thermal polycondensation of 4HCA and LCA. When the LCA composition of P(4HCA-co-LCA) was 0, 5, 7, 23, 27, and 45 mol%, the copolymers showed a nematic liquid-crystalline phase. The melting point of the copolymers ...
Katti Dinesh R - - 2005
Nanosized montmorillonite clay dispersed in small amounts in polymer results in polymer nanocomposites having superior engineering properties compared to those of the native polymer. These nanoinclusions are created by treating clay with an organic modifier which makes clay organophilic and results in intercalation or exfoliation of the montmorillonite. The modifiers ...
Sexton Owen J - - 2005
Most snakes and lizards produce eggs with flexible shells that interact with the environment to maintain water balance. Geckos produce rigid eggshells that are independent of an external source of water and can be oviposited in more open, dryer locations. In this study, we analyzed and compared the amino acid ...
Przeslawski R - - 2005
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) have been reported as functional chemical sunscreens in a variety of marine organisms, but their role in development of marine embryos and larvae remains largely unexplored. In this study, we quantified MAAs from intertidal egg masses of 46 species of mollusks, two species of polychaetes, and ...
Di Vincenzo Daria - - 2005
The triacylglycerol, fatty acid, and polycyclic triterpene compositions of shea butter were determined for 150 samples from the sub-Saharan countries of Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Uganda. The compositional profiles showed high variability in all three classes of compounds. Shea butter is made up mainly of four triglycerides (TAG) differing ...
Wang Guang-Zhong - - 2005
Dinosaur extinction is a great challenge to evolutionary biology. Although accumulating evidence suggests that an abrupt change of environment, such as a long period of low temperature induced by asteroid hit or other disasters, may be responsible for dinosaur extinction, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. By analyzing ...
He Ling-Yan - - 2006
Vehicle populations in China have been increasing sharply since 1990s. Vehicle emissions including various gaseous pollutants and particulate matter cause deterioration of air quality. However, measurements of particulate mater from on-road vehicles in China are scarcely reported, and thus the chemical compositions of particles emitted from vehicles in China are ...
Miller R R RR - - 2005
Cryogenic protocols have been developed for the storage of farmed silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) spermatozoa. However, these same protocols and modifications of these protocols have failed to satisfactorily preserve spermatozoa collected from farmed blue foxes (Alopex lagopus). Because cryogenic success has been linked to membrane composition, the plasma membrane lipid ...
Bo?chat Iola G - - 2005
The focus of our study was to determine whether the biochemical composition of two algivorous ciliates, both fed the same alga, resembles that of their diet. By comparing both ciliated protozoa we intended to identify species-specific differences in the metabolic features of these ciliates. Carbon- and cell-specific concentrations of fatty ...
Morales de Le?n Josefina - - 2005
Knowledge of the amino acid composition of foods is essential to calculate their chemical score, which is used to predict protein quality of foods and diets. Though amino acid composition of many foods is reasonably well established, better knowledge is needed on native foods consumed in different regions and countries. ...
Onda Yoshihiko - - 2005
The spadix of skunk cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus, is thermogenic and maintains an internal temperature of around 20 degrees C even when the ambient air temperature drops below freezing. This homeothermic heat production is observed only during the stigma stage, and thereafter ceases at the male stage when pollen is shed. ...
Vermeersch G - - 2005
Agar diffusion testing was used with four different media to evaluate the antibacterial activity of six products (one conventional glass-ionomer cement (GIC), two light-activated glass-ionomers, two polyacid-modified resin composites and one resin composite) on Streptoccoccus mutans. Their respective antibacterial activities were also compared during and after setting. The relationship between ...
Bastien Olivier - - 2005
Automatic comparison of compositionally biased genomes, such as that of the malarial causative agent Plasmodium falciparum (82% adenosine + thymidine), with genomes of average composition, is currently limited. Indeed, popular tools such as BLAST require that amino acid distributions be similar in aligned sequences. However, the P. falciparum genome is ...
Ellebracht J W - - 2005
Peroxyacetic acid was evaluated in four separate trials for ability to reduce populations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella serotype Typhimurium on fresh beef trim. Trial 1 examined the effectiveness of peroxyacetic acid on individual pieces of fresh beef trim. Trial 2 evaluated the efficacy of peroxyacetic acid at low ...
Wu Chin-San - - 2005
In this article, the properties of a polylactide and starch composite (PLA/starch) and an acrylic acid grafted polylactide and starch composite (PLA-g-AA/starch) were compared. The composite containing PLA-g-AA was found to have much better dispersion and homogeneity of starch in the polymer matrix than the composite containing PLA, indicating better ...
Arnould J P Y - - 2005
Analysis of the fatty acid (FA) composition of blubber is a valuable tool in interpreting the diet of marine mammals. This technique is based on the principle that particular FA present in prey can be incorporated largely untransformed into predator adipose tissue stores, thereby providing biochemical signatures with which to ...
Frazier Scott W - - 2005
Little is known about the molecular composition of the biodegradable fraction of dissolved organic matter (BDOM) in stream ecosystems. We combined plug-flow biofilm reactors, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) thermochemolysis GC-MS, and 13C-labeled TMAH thermochemolysis GC-MS to study the molecular composition of BDOM from two stream ecosystems. TMAH products derived from fatty ...
Jegoux Franck - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Fibrin glues are currently used by surgeons and can facilitate the handling of biomaterials. Combining fibrin glue with calcium phosphate bioceramics gives a mouldable composite that cements the granules into the implantation site. In addition to the mechanical aspect of the composite, it has been suggested that the mixture ...
Mongrand Sébastien - - 2005
With 10,700 species distributed in 637 genera, the Rubiaceae family is one of the largest of the angiosperms. Since it was previously evidenced that the fatty acid composition of photosynthetic tissues can be a tool for chemotaxonomic studies, the fatty acid composition of leaves from 107 Rubiaceae species highly representative ...
Tso I-Min - - 2005
Recent studies have demonstrated that orb-weaving spiders may alter web structures, foraging localities or silk output in response to prey variations. In this study we conducted field surveys and food manipulations to examine whether orb-weaving spiders may also adjust the protein of silk to prey variations. A comparison of dragline ...
King D A - - 2005
Four experiments were conducted to test the efficacy of peroxyacetic acid as a microbial intervention on beef carcass surfaces. In these experiments, beef carcass surfaces were inoculated with fecal material (no pathogens) or fecal material containing rifampicin-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium. Inoculated surfaces were subjected to a simulated ...
Garg Aarti - - 2005
Here we report a systematic approach for predicting subcellular localization (cytoplasm, mitochondrial, nuclear, and plasma membrane) of human proteins. First, support vector machine (SVM)-based modules for predicting subcellular localization using traditional amino acid and dipeptide (i + 1) composition achieved overall accuracy of 76.6 and 77.8%, respectively. PSI-BLAST, when carried ...
880-01 Ssu-Hua, Huang
Thesis (M.A.)--Yuan Ze University Department of Computer Science and Engineering
Timke M - - 2005
AIM: The microbial composition of biofilms from different locations of beer bottling plants were compared based on fatty acid profiles and correlated with the product-spoiling potential of these biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS: The whole cell fatty acid profiles of 78 biofilms from bottling plants of two breweries were analysed. About ...
Wenderoth Dirk F - - 2005
The salt composition of 14 acidic lakes was analysed, and their microbial communities were compared by their 16S rDNA-based single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) fingerprints. The lakes were grouped into three chemically distinct types, and operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified in the 16S rDNA SSCP fingerprints. Discriminant analysis between these ...
Sheesley Rebecca J - - 2004
The trends in secondary organic aerosol at a remote location are studied using atmospheric fine particulate matter samples collected at Seney National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in northern Michigan. Detailed analysis of particle-phase organic compounds revealed very low concentrations of primary anthropogenic emissions and relatively high levels of organic di-, tri-, ...
Najafabadi Hamed Shateri - - 2004
Bharanidharan et al. [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 315 (2004) 1097-1103] claimed that the frequencies of most amino acids are determined by the dinucleotide composition of the genome. Here, regarding a methodological problem in their work, it is suggested that the standard deviations of amino acid frequencies should be determined to ...
Gilman J B - - 2004
It has recently been determined that organic compounds represent a significant percentage of the composition of certain atmospheric aerosols. Amphiphilic organics, such as fatty acids and alcohols, partition to the interface of aqueous aerosols. In this way, the air-aqueous interface of an aerosol has the ability to act as both ...
Ortengren Ulf - - 2004
In this study we assessed the influence of pH and time on the degradation and elution of organic substances from the composite resin material, Z-100. To accomplish this, fluorescence spectrophotometry was evaluated as an appropriate technique for the identification of six organic substances (methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate, hydroquinone, ethylene glycol ...
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