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Results 201 - 250 of 699
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Whittaker Anne - - 2010
The present study was aimed at examining the effect of tuber mineral composition, distinctive for geographical location, on the expression of acrylamide precursors in three potato genotypes (Arinda, Rossa di Cetica and Sieglinde) in three Italian potato cultivation regions (Puglia, Sicily and Tuscany). Sucrose and amino acids were not correlated ...
Chen Xi - - 2010
A basalt fiber (BF) was, for the first time, introduced into a poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix as innovative reinforcement to fabricate composite materials for hard tissue repair. Firstly, BF/PLLA composites and pure PLLA were produced by the methods of solution blending and freeze drying. The results showed that basalt fibers ...
Li Guipu - - 2010
Seasonal variation in the nutrient composition of Mytilus coruscus (thick shell mussel), cultivated in Shengsi Islands, Zhejiang Province, China, was investigated in this study. Proximate composition, mineral and amino acid concentrations, as well as the compositions of the lipid and fatty acid of thick shell mussels were analyzed. Proximate composition ...
Prieto N - - 2010
The potential of X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a predictor of cuts composition and meat quality traits using a multivariate calibration method (partial least square regression, PLSR) was investigated in beef cattle. Sirloins from 88 crossbred Aberdeen Angus (AAx) and 106 Limousin (LIMx) cattle were scanned using spiral CT. Subsequently, ...
Riskin Michael - - 2010
Au nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with thioaniline and cysteine are used to assemble bis-aniline-bridged Au-NP composites on Au surfaces using an electropolymerization process. During the polymerization of the functionalized Au NPs in the presence of different amino acids, for example, L-glutamic acid, L-aspartic acid, L-histidine, and L-phenylalanine, zwitterionic interactions between the ...
Glaser Claudia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for fatty acid (FA) composition of serum glycerophospholipids (GPs) in children with a new high-throughput method. STUDY DESIGN: The GP FA composition of 1326 serum samples obtained from a cohort of 951 children at 2 and 6 years, participating in the German Influences of Lifestyle ...
Jobson Richard W - - 2010
Recent studies across animal phyla have suggested a possible link between amino acid compositional shifts and adaptive evolution across mitochondrial proteomes enabling longer lifespans. These studies examined associations of a gradual loss of cysteine (Cys) residues, increased usage of methionine (Met), and increased usage of threonine (Thr), with the evolution ...
Chiozza Mariana V - - 2010
Although soybean aphid (Aphis glycines) resistance is commercially available in the form of the Rag1 gene, the mechanism of this resistance is not fully understood. Amino acids are a limiting factor for aphid growth, and there is evidence that plant amino acid composition is related to aphid resistance. Antibiotic resistance ...
Croxton Ruth S - - 2010
The enhancement of latent fingerprints, both at the crime scene and in the laboratory using an array of chemical, physical and optical techniques, permits their use for identification. Despite the plethora of techniques available, there are occasions when latent fingerprints are not successfully enhanced. An understanding of latent fingerprint chemistry ...
Skogerson Kirsten - - 2010
This study sought to assess genetic and environmental impacts on the metabolite composition of maize grain. Gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) measured 119 identified metabolites including free amino acids, free fatty acids, sugars, organic acids, and other small molecules in a range of hybrids derived from 48 ...
Pizzarello Sandra - - 2010
Carbon-containing meteorites provide a natural sample of the extraterrestrial organic chemistry that occurred in the solar system ahead of life's origin on the Earth. Analyses of 40 years have shown the organic content of these meteorites to be materials as diverse as kerogen-like macromolecules and simpler soluble compounds such as ...
Jiao Zhe - - 2010
Unintended compositional changes in transgenic rice seeds were studied by near-infrared reflectance, GC-MS, HPLC, and ICP-AES coupled with chemometrics strategies. Three kinds of transgenic rice with resistance to fungal diseases or insect pests were comparatively studied with the nontransgenic counterparts in terms of key nutrients such as protein, amino acids, ...
Samaee S-M - - 2010
Free amino acids (FAAs) play a key role in the physiology of marine teleosts (eggs, embryos, and larvae). However, the relationship between the egg FAAs content and the production of viable embryos and larvae (at different developmental stages) in batch spawner pelagophils has not yet comprehensively been investigated. Viable eggs ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microhardness and surface elemental compositions of ceramics immersed in acidic agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five ceramic disc specimens were made from each of four types of ceramic (VMK 95, Vitadur Alpha, Empress Esthetic and IPS e.max Ceram). Before immersion, baseline data of Vicker's microhardness and elemental ...
Mailhot Genevi?ve - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e10446 in vol. 5.].
Wang Lingling - - 2010
In this paper, a novel method so-called bioluminescence inhibition assay with luminous bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum) was introduced to evaluate the toxicity of quantum dots. The bioassay was based on measuring the decrease of the light emitted by luminous bacteria. With obvious advantages of simplicity, rapidity and sensitivity, it can dramatically ...
Villarreal Diana - - 2009
In a previous study, the effectiveness of chlorogenic acids, fatty acids (FA), and elements was compared for the discrimination of Arabica varieties and growing terroirs. Since FA provided the best results, the aim of the present work was to validate their discrimination ability using an extended experimental design, including twice ...
Purcell Erin K EK Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2099, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of alginate composition on the neurotrophic factor release, viability, and proliferation of encapsulated neural stem cells (NSCs), as well as on the mechanical stability of the scaffold itself. Four compositions were tested: a high guluronic acid (68%) and a high ...
R?misch-Margl Lilla - - 2010
Heterosis is the superior performance of hybrids over their inbred parents. Despite its importance, little is known about the genetic and molecular basis of this phenomenon. Heterosis has been extensively exploited in plant breeding, particularly in maize (Zea mays, L.), and is well documented in the B73 and Mo17 maize ...
Wilder Shawn M - - 2010
We tested whether the carbohydrate and amino acid content of extrafloral nectar affected prey choice by a predatory ant. Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta, were provided with artificial nectar that varied in the presence of carbohydrates and amino acids and were then provided with two prey items that differed in nutritional ...
Brunschwig Christel - - 2009
In order to establish a chemical fingerprint of vanilla diversity, thirty samples of V. planifolia J. W. Moore and V. tahitensis G. Jackson cured beans from seven producing countries were examined for their aroma and fatty acid contents. Both fatty acid and aroma compositions were found to vary between vanilla ...
Moreno-Indias I - - 2009
To analyze differences in fat and protein content in cheese whey (CW) manufactured in cheese-making factories and farms, goat CW samples were obtained from 60 cheese-making farms and 20 cheese factories. Gross composition of samples was analyzed by using an MIRIS device (MIRIS Inc., Uppsala, Sweden), whey protein composition was ...
Dinh T T N - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare the fatty acid (FA) composition of intramuscular fat from the LM of 3 divergent breeds of cattle: Angus (AN, n = 9), Brahman (BR, n = 7), and Romosinuano (RM, n = 11). Cattle were blocked by breed and finished 129 d ...
Tanur Adrienne E - - 2010
To date, the calcareous tubes of serpulid marine worms have not been studied extensively in a biomineralization context. The structure and composition of the tube shell and adhesive cement of the marine tubeworm Hydroides dianthus were studied using a variety of characterization techniques, including powder XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, and ...
Liang Zhu - - 2010
A detailed investigation of the development of the mineral composition and crystallinity of fly ash (FA) activated by an integrated process, as well as the relation between that development and phosphate uptake (PU) in solution, was conducted. This process, consisting of pretreatment (mechanical milling), alkali fusion (sodium hydroxide) at 550 ...
Wang Xuejun - - 2010
To mimic the nano-fibrous structure of the natural extracellular matrix, a nano composite scaffold of poly(L-lactic acid)/hydroxyapatite(PLLA/HAP) was fabricated by a thermally induced phase separation method. The characterization of the composite scaffold showed that the scaffold had a nano-fibrous PLLA network (fiber size 100-750 nm), an interconnective microporous structure (1-10 ...
Landahl Sandra - - 2009
The ripeness degree of climacteric fruits, such as avocado ( Persea americana Mill.), can be correlated with rheological properties. However, there remains little information on not only the postharvest changes in texture of avocado fruit from different origins but also the spatial variation within fruit. In addition, the relationship between ...
Lind Vibeke - - 2009
Many consumers perceive lamb meat from mountain pastures to be of superior quality, a quality that may be altered if lambs are kept for a longer period on cultivated pastures before slaughtering. The objective of this experiment was to compare sensory profile and fatty acid composition in meat from lambs ...
Murray Davoy - - 2009
This paper reports the preparation of PS-PEI-Au composite colloids via the utilization of a facile method involving poly(ethylenimine) (PEI). The PEI used in the reaction scheme served the role of a linker between Au and PS and additionally as a reducing agent in the conversion of Au ions to Au ...
Nagase S - - 2009
The variation of hair curvature in Japanese women was quantitatively investigated and the structure of curved hair was characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and amino acid analysis. Two hundred and thirty Japanese women volunteers, aged from 10 to 70 years, were randomly selected. The evaluation of the volunteers' natural ...
Ayari Samia - - 2009
This present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of gamma irradiation on the fatty acids (FA) and mureins composition of two different radiotolerant bacteria. Bacillus cereus LSPQ 2872 and Salmonella Typhi ATCC 19430 were used for this study. The bacterial strains were treated with a sublethal radiation dose ...
Ohsaki Hideki - - 2009
Fatty acid composition of beef adipose tissue is one of important traits because high proportions of monounsaturated fatty acid are related to favorable beef flavor and tenderness. In this study, we investigated effects of genetic factors such as stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) and sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) on beef ...
Noël Marion - - 2009
The synthesis of an innovative bio-composite material based on wood and lactic acid oligomers has been reported in Part 1. As a continuation of this previous work, this paper examines the bio-composite material's physical and mechanical performance. Properties were assessed in terms of dimensional stability, decay resistance, leaching, bending, shearing, ...
Liu Wenjun - - 2009
Dairy fan is a traditional milk product made by adding 'acid juice' and heating up. It has been consumed by people of minority ethnic region in Yunnan Province of China for over 1,000 years. In order to improve the quality of dairy fan for further industrial-scale production, we investigated the ...
Lazzaroni Carla - - 2009
To evaluate the effect of different rearing systems and sex on the fatty acid composition of rabbit meat and perirenal fat, the fat content and fatty acid composition of Longissimus lumborum and perirenal fat were determined by gas chromatography on 40 rabbits (20 males and 20 females) of the Carmagnola ...
Yang Chunhui - - 2009
Polyaniline/Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticle composite was prepared by polymerizing aniline in the presence of Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles upon the use of H(2)O(2) as oxidant. The polymerization was monitored by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy. The microstructure of the resultant composite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy. The molecular structure of the resultant polyaniline in the ...
Cai Xuan - - 2009
Homogeneous nanocomposites composed of hydroxyapatite and chitosan in the presence of polylactic acid were synthesized by a novel in situ precipitation method. The morphological and compositional properties of composites were investigated. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles in a special rod-like shape with a diameter of about 50nm and a length of about 300nm ...
Griffith James F - - 2009
Osteoporosis is associated with an increase in marrow fat. Fats, particularly polyunsaturated fats, either in co-cultures or diet, have been shown to significantly influence bone remodeling. Whether the increase in marrow fat seen in osteoporosis is also associated with a change in fatty acid composition is not known. This study ...
Salvá Bettit K - - 2009
The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge on alpaca meat quality characteristics. Twenty Huacaya breed alpacas, reared under a traditional unspecialized production system at the Andean region of Peru, were slaughtered at ages between 18 and 24months. Analyses were carried out on Longissimus thoracis and lumborum muscle ...
Tan Huaping H Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2009
Injectable, biodegradable scaffolds are important biomaterials for tissue engineering and drug delivery. Hydrogels derived from natural polysaccharides are ideal scaffolds as they resemble the extracellular matrices of tissues comprised of various glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Here, we report a new class of biocompatible and biodegradable composite hydrogels derived from water-soluble chitosan and ...
Day James M D - - 2009
Mechanisms for the formation of crust on planetary bodies remain poorly understood. It is generally accepted that Earth's andesitic continental crust is the product of plate tectonics, whereas the Moon acquired its feldspar-rich crust by way of plagioclase flotation in a magma ocean. Basaltic meteorites provide evidence that, like the ...
A. Sujak
Seeds of amaranth plant grown from He-Ne laser light and magnetic field stimulated seeds or from seeds treated with both pre-sowing stimulating methods were analysed for the chemical composition and their nutritive values. Pre-sowing stimulation resulted in increase of dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre and crude ash. Decrease in ...
Matsubara Yoshiyuki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the differences in adipocytokines and fatty acid composition between two fraction sizes of small and large cells from subcutaneous and visceral fat of mice receiving a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Body weight, blood glucose and cholesterol levels, and adipocyte diameter distribution were examined. ...
Campas-Baypoli Olga N - - 2009
The objective of this research was to study the biochemical composition and physicochemical properties of three different flours prepared from broccoli crop remains. Florets, leaves and stalks of broccoli were dried at 60 degrees C, and the flours obtained were analysed for proximate composition, amino acid profile, fatty acid composition, ...
Guo T - - 2009
A whole-genome scan was performed on 660 F(2) animals including 250 barrows and 410 gilts in a White Duroc x Erhualian intercross population to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for fatty acid composition in the longissimus dorsi muscle and abdominal fat. A total of 153 QTL including 63 genome-wide significant ...
Mr??z J - - 2009
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is, globally, one of the most important farmed fish species. We have analyzed carp from a natural pond-production system in South Bohemia. Ongrowing fish had access to an abundant plankton population which was supplemented with cereals. Fatty acid composition (FA) was investigated in three parts of ...
Dussert Stéphane - - 2008
The chemotaxonomic relationships between Coffea (subgenus Coffea) species have been poorly studied to date and the compounds tested so far - chlorogenic acids, diterpenoids and purine alkaloids - did not enable the establishment of phylogenetic relationships analogous to those revealed by chloroplast and nuclear DNA studies. In the present study, ...
Ozden O - - 2008
The moisture, ash, protein and fat content and amino acid, fatty acid and mineral compositions in the flesh of three commercially important fish species (Dicentrarchus labrax, Sparus aurata, Dentex dentex) from the aqua culture of Turkey were evaluated. Ranges of moisture, ash, protein and fat contents were 69.68-76.42%, 1.49-1.95%, 18.21-21.70% ...
Tannock G W - - 2008
Nucleic acid-based (molecular) analytical methods have utility in discriminating between bowel microbiota of altered compositions. This has been demonstrated in studies involving both experimental animals and humans with inflammation of the bowel. Although alterations in the composition of the microbiota can be demonstrated, future studies need to provide functional links ...
Qian Xufang - - 2008
A direct-triblock-copolymer templating method is demonstrated to synthesize ordered mesoporous crystalline C-TiO(2) (MCT) composites using phenolic resins and acid-base pairs [acidic TiCl(4) and basic counterpart Ti(OC(4)H(7))(4)] as carbon and titanium sources, respectively. The composites possess highly crystalline anatase pore walls that are "glued" by amorphous carbon, ordered mesostructure, high surface ...
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