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Huang Shanhua S Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 5B9, - - 2014
In this study, formic acid (FA) was employed as an in-situ hydrogen donor for the reductive de-polymerization of kraft lignin (KL). Under the optimum operating conditions, i.e., 300°C, 1h, 18.6wt.% substrate concentration, 50/50 (v/v) water-ethanol medium with FA at a FA-to-lignin mass ratio of 0.7, KL (Mw∼10,000g/mol) was effectively de-polymerized, ...
Moyo Mack M Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South - - 2014
Micropropagation of Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. and C.A. Mey was used as a model system to study the influence of cytokinins (CKs) on plant regeneration and biochemical accumulation of hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives in organ and callus cultures and their antioxidant activity. Fourteen free phenolic acids were detected using ultra ...
Turkia Heidi H VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, PO Box 1000, FIN-02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland; Lappeenranta University of Technology, PO Box 20, FIN-53580 Lappeenranta, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2015
The amino acid composition of cultivation broth is known to affect the biomass accumulation, productivity, and vitality of yeast during cultivation. A separation method based on capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection was developed for the determination of amino acid consumption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae during beer fermentation. Intraday relative ...
Wu Hongqin H State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and School of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China; Biomass Energy Research Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, - - 2014
Biodiesel quality associated with biochemical components of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Scenedesmus obliquus under different nitrate levels were investigated. The highest lipid contents of 54.5% for C. pyrenoidosa and 47.7% for S. obliquus were obtained in nitrate absence. Carbohydrate peaked at 0.3gL(-1) with values of 40.7% for C. pyrenoidosa and 42.5% ...
Nwokocha Louis M LM Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2014
The polysaccharide component of Irvingia gabonensis endosperm was isolated and its hydrodynamic and rheological properties investigated. The polysaccharide is an arabinogalactan and contains small amounts of rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose and glucuronic acid. The polysaccharide displayed typical polyelectrolyte behaviour in solution. The intrinsic viscosity at infinite ionic strength, a measure ...
Bertoni Fernando A FA Área Química General, Departamento de Químico-Física, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, S2002LRK Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina; Instituto de Química de Rosario-CONICET, Suipacha 570, S2002LRK Rosario, Santa Fe, - - 2014
Selective oxidation of carboxylate groups present in alginic acid by Cr(VI) affords CO2, oxidized alginic acid, and Cr(III) as final products. The redox reaction afforded first-order kinetics in [alginic acid], [Cr(VI)], and [H(+)], at fixed ionic strength and temperature. Kinetic studies showed that the redox reaction proceeds through a mechanism ...
Cinkilic Nilufer N Uludag University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Cell Culture and Genetic Toxicology Laboratory, 16059 Bursa, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study was designed to determine the protective activity of cinnamic acid against induction by X-rays of genomic instability in normal human blood lymphocytes. This radio-protective activity was assessed by use of the cytokinesis-block micronucleus test and the alkaline comet assay, with human blood lymphocytes isolated from two healthy ...
Itoh Kazue K Faculty of Nutritional Sciences, Nakamura Gakuen University, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insulin resistance is central to the etiology of the metabolic syndrome cluster of diseases. Evidence suggests that a high-fat diet is associated with insulin resistance, which may be modulated by dietary fatty acid composition. We hypothesized that high saturated fatty acid intake increases insulin and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) secretion. ...
Dewanjee Saikat S Advanced Pharmacognosy Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to improve rosmarinic acid (RA) production in the whole plant culture of Solenostemon scutellarioides through elicitation with phytopathogenic fungi. Amongst selected fungi, Aternaria alternata caused significant elevation (p<0.05-0.01) in RA accumulation (∼1.3-1.6-fold) between 25 and 100μgl(-1). However, elicitation at the dose of 50μgl(-1) has been found to ...
Gómez J J Department of Chemical Engineering, Food Technology, Faculty of Sciences, Campus Río San Pedro, PB 40, Puerto Real, University of Cadiz 11510, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Winemaking of musts acidified with up to 3g/L of gypsum (CaSO4 2H2O) and tartaric acid, both individually and in combination, as well as a chemical modeling have been carried out to study the behaviour of these compounds as acidifiers. Prior to fermentation gypsum and tartaric acid reduce the pH by ...
Kljak Kristina K Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2015
Carotenoids, which occur naturally in corn grains, have been associated with reduced risk of degenerative diseases. The aim of this research was to measure the carotenoid content of hexane extracts of six commercial high-yield corn hybrids and determine the relationship between carotenoid content and antioxidant activity. Levels of lutein, zeaxanthin, ...
Ohminami Hirokazu H Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2014
A dietary combination of sucrose and linoleic acid strongly contributes to the development of metabolic disorders in Zucker fatty rats. However, the underlying mechanisms of the metabolic disorders are poorly understood. We hypothesized that the metabolic disorders were triggered at a stage earlier than the 8 weeks we had previously ...
Chen Wenting W College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, - - 2015
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of charge-carrying amino acids (lysine (Lys), arginine (Arg), aspartic acid (Asp) and glutamic acid (Glu)) on the gelatinization and retrogradation properties of potato starch. Acidic amino acids (Asp and Glu) showed a decreasing trend in swelling power and granule size ...
Zeraati Fatemeh F Department of Pharmacology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, - - 2014
Combining different analgesic drugs for improvement of drug efficacy is a recommended strategy intended to achieve the optimal therapeutic effects. The purpose of the present study was to assess the nature of the interaction between ascorbic acid and two analgesic drugs, morphine and tramadol. The analgesic activity was assessed by ...
Al-Bachir Mahfouz M Radiation Technology Dep., Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, P.O. Box: 6091, Damascus, Syria. Electronic address: - - 2015
The present study evaluated the quality of pistachio oil, as a function of irradiation, to determine the dose level causing undesirable changes to pistachio oil. Physicochemical fatty acid composition, acidity value, peroxide value, iodine value specification number, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value and colour of pistachio oil extracted from samples treated ...
Aoki Natsumi N Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo 162-8480, - - 2014
Food deprivation (FD) induces hepatic steatosis in both rodents and humans. Although body composition, age, and sex influence hepatic triglyceride (TG) levels after FD, whether feeding patterns affect FD-induced liver TG increases is unknown. We hypothesized that restricted feeding (RF) of 1 meal per day during the active or inactive ...
Arasu Mariadhas Valan MV Department of Botany and Microbiology, Addiriyah Chair for Environmental Studies, College of Science, King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh, 11451 Saudi - - 2014
The present study was aimed to investigate the nutritive profiles, microbial counts and fermentation metabolites in rye, Italian rye-grass (IRG) and barley supplemented with Lactobacillus plantarum under the field condition, and its probiotic properties. After preparation of silage, the content of crude protein (CP), crude ash, acid detergent fiber (ADF), ...
Braverman Alexis A Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
The use of circulating cell-free nucleic acid for prenatal aneuploidy screening has been rapidly accepted by patients and clinicians. We sought to compare decisions after a positive sequential screen and circulating cell-free nucleic acid assay. We reviewed results from sequential screening and circulating cell-free nucleic acid analyses in this retrospective ...
de Vries Paul S PS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, the Netherlands; NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Departments of Complex Genetics, Cluster of Genetics and Cell Biology, Maastricht University, the - - 2014
Prenatal polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations may be involved in the prenatal programming of adiposity. In this study we therefore explored the association between maternal PUFA concentrations, measured up to four times during pregnancy, and offspring adiposity at age 7 in 234 mother-child pairs of the Maastricht Essential Fatty Acid ...
Kwak Ho-Seok HS Department of Laboratory Medicine, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Kwandong University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Little is known on how the dose and timing of exposure co-influence the cumulative concentration of fatty acids ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium. The objective of the study was to assess the cumulative concentration of FAEEs in meconium as a biomarker of light, moderate or heavy prenatal alcohol exposure occurring ...
Marszałek Dorota - - 2014
The stability of new compounds with established anticonvulsant activity: picolinic acid 4-pyridyl-methylamide (Pic-4-PMA), cyclopentanecarboxylic acid benzylamide (Cpc-BZA), cycloheptanecarboxylic acid benzylamide (Chc-BZA), picolinic acid 2-fluoro-3-trifluoromethylbenzylamide (Pic-2F-3TFM-BZA), 2-chloronicotinic acid benzylamide (2-Cl-Na-BZA), 6-chloronicotinic acid benzylamide (6-Cl-Na-BZA) and 6-trifluoromethylnicotinic acid benzylamide (6-TFM-Na-BZA) in homogenates of body organs and in body fluids was determined after ...
Choi Anna L AL Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Methylmercury, a worldwide contaminant of fish and seafood, can cause adverse effects on the developing nervous system. However, long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in seafood provide beneficial effects on brain development. Negative confounding will likely result in underestimation of both mercury toxicity and nutrient benefits unless mutual adjustment is included ...
Strickland Alan D AD 101 Waterlily, Lake Jackson, TX 77566, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This hypothesis states that cerebral palsy (CP), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are all caused by an exaggerated central nervous system inflammatory response to a prenatal insult. This prenatal insult may be one or more episodes of ischemia-reperfusion, an infectious disease of the mother or the fetus, ...
Kim Hye-Ryun HR Division of Plant Biosciences, School of Plant Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, - - 2014
To investigate the physicochemical properties of unripe peach-Prunus persica cv. Mibaekdo (Mibaekdo) and Prunus persica cv. Nagasawa Hakuho (Nagasawa Hakuho) as an alternative to food supplement while Japanese apricot (Prunus mume cv. Backaha) (Backaha) was used as a control sample. The unripe fruits were analyzed for soluble solid ( ˚Brix), ...
Muttagi Gopika C GC Department of Food Science and Nutrition, GKVK, UAS, Bengaluru, 560065 - - 2014
Shelf life of two products namely chikki and oilseed butter were evaluated. Sunflower was substituted for groundnut at three levels (0, 50 and 100 %). Products were stored up to 2 months in ambient conditions (25-30 °C; RH 40-60 %). Chikki was packed in Low density polyethylene (LDPE) and laminated pouches and oil seed ...
Bhise Suresh S Department of Food Science & Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004 Punjab - - 2014
The polyols namely glycerol, sorbitol and mannitol were incorporated at 2, 4 and 6 % level in flour for bread making and their effect on textural properties, bread making quality and sensory acceptability of bread was studied. The effect of incorporation revealed the increased bake absorption, bread weight and decreased specific ...
Hu Rong R Department of Anesthesia, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, - - 2014
This study established an aged rat model of cognitive dysfunction using anesthesia with 2% isoflurane and 80% oxygen for 2 hours. Twenty-four hours later, Y-maze test results showed that isoflurane significantly impaired cognitive function in aged rats. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry results showed that isoflurane also significantly increased the levels of ...
Kim Min Woo MW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Although there is accumulating evidence regarding the additional protective effect of folic acid against adverse pregnancy outcomes other than neural tube defects, these effects have not been elucidated in detail. We evaluated whether folic acid supplementation is associated with favorable maternal and fetal outcomes. This was a secondary analysis of ...
Ganjali Dashti Marjan M School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia ; Enteric Diseases Research Cluster, Institute for Research in Molecular Medicine (INFORMM), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800 Penang, - - 2014
The biosynthesis of biomedical products including lipid and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) by Cunninghamella bainieri 2A1 was studied in repeated batch fermentation. Three key process variables, namely, glucose concentration, ammonium tartrate concentration, and harvesting time, were optimized using response surface methodology. Repeated batch fermentation was carried out by the cultivation of ...
Libiaková Michaela M Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, - - 2014
The trap of the carnivorous plant Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) catches prey by very rapid closure of its modified leaves. After the rapid closure secures the prey, repeated mechanical stimulation of trigger hairs by struggling prey and the generation of action potentials (APs) result in secretion of digestive fluid. Once ...
Martin Gregory J O GJ Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Many species of microalgae produce greatly enhanced amounts of triacylglycerides (TAGs), the key product for biodiesel production, in response to specific environmental stresses. Improvement of TAG production by microalgae through optimization of growth regimes is of great interest. This relies on understanding microalgal lipid metabolism in relation to stress response ...
Santana Lorena C L R LC Departamento de Farmácia, Laboratório de Pesquisa em Neuroquímica Experimental do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Piauí, 64049-550 Teresina, PI, Brazil ; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia (RENORBIO), Universidade Federal do Piauí, 64049-550 Teresina, PI, - - 2014
The present study primarily aims to identify the relative density and the fatty acids (methyl esters) content present in the standardized ethanol extract of leaves of M. glomerata (EPMG). Meanwhile, in a second moment, this study evaluated the effects of the EPMG on the levels of amino acids in the ...
Ounnas Fayçal F TIMC-IMAG CNRS UMR 5525, Laboratoire PRETA, Cœur et Nutrition, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France ; Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied Bioenergetics (LBFA), Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France ; Inserm, U1055, Grenoble, - - 2014
These studies were designed to assess whether wheat polyphenols (mainly ferulic acid [FA]) increased the very-long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (VLC n-3) [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)] in rats. Wheat aleurone (WA) was used as a dietary source of wheat polyphenols. Two experiments were performed; in the first one, ...
Kroghsbo Stine S National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Acid hydrolyzed wheat proteins (HWPs) are used in the food and cosmetic industry as emulsifiers. Cases of severe food allergic reactions caused by HWPs have been reported. Recent data suggest that these reactions are caused by HWPs produced by acid hydrolysis. To examine the sensitizing capacity of gluten proteins per ...
Li Xingsong X Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University, HenglongPhysic Building, Room 212, Shanghai 200433, China Department of Healthcare, Philips Research China, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Backscatter and attenuation parameters are not easily measured in clinical applications due to tissue inhomogeneity in the region of interest (ROI). A least squares method(LSM) that fits the echo signal power spectra from a ROI to a 3-parameter tissue model was used to get attenuation coefficient imaging in fatty liver. ...
Giardino Luciano L Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Università degli Studi di Torino, Crotone, - - 2014
The aim of this ex vivo study was to compare the antibacterial power of 1% NaOCl with 1% acetic acid, 5.25% NaOCl and two commercially available NaOCl modified with surfactants in bovine root dentin. A total of 120 dentin tubes prepared from intact bovine incisors were infected for 21 days ...
Hadian Zahra Z Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University and Academic Staff of National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) have been shown to prevent cardiovascular disease. The most commonly used omega-3 fatty acids like eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are highly vulnerable to oxidation and therefore, have short shelf life. Recent advances in nanoliposomes provided a biocompatible system for stabilizing omega-3 FAs. Several ...
Aoki Naoko N Department of Crown Bridge Prosthodontics, Nihon University School of - - 2014
In this study, effects of the degree of dissociation of acids on the hydrolysis rate of methoxy group in γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) and the adsorption characteristics of γ-MPS on ceramic surfaces were studied using acetic, phosphoric, and hydrochloric acids. Hydrolytic stability of γ-MPS adsorption layer at the resin-ceramic interface was thus ...
Chieng Buong Woei BW Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Plasticized poly(lactic acid) PLA with epoxidized vegetable oils (EVO) were prepared using a melt blending method to improve the ductility of PLA. The plasticization of the PLA with EVO lowers the Tg as well as cold-crystallization temperature. The tensile properties demonstrated that the addition of EVO to PLA led to ...
Varshosaz Jaleh J Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Novel Drug Delivery Systems Research Centre, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 81745-359, Isfahan, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to prepare a stable iv injectable formulation of ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol in preventing the cerebral ischemia. Different niosomal formulations were prepared by Span and Tween mixed with cholesterol. The physicochemical characteristics of niosomal formulations were evaluated in vitro. For in vivo evaluation, ...
Ghasemzadeh Ali A Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
The increase of atmospheric CO2 due to global climate change or horticultural practices has direct and indirect effects on food crop quality. One question that needs to be asked, is whether CO2 enrichment affects the nutritional quality of Malaysian young ginger plants. Responses of total carbohydrate, fructose, glucose, sucrose, protein, ...
Koroleva Olga O Bach Institute of Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt, 33, bld 2, 119071 Moscow, Russia. - - 2014
Antioxidant capacity (AOC) against peroxyl radical and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical cation was measured for a series of p-hydroxybenzoic (HB) and p-hydroxycinnamic (HC) acids at different pH. Quantum-chemical computation was performed using Gaussian 3.0 software package to calculate the geometry and energy parameters of the same compounds. Significant ...
Weidner Stanisław S Department of Biochemistry, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 1A, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland. - - 2014
The material for this study consisted of stratified seeds of Vitis californica submitted to germination under optimum conditions (+25 °C) or under chill stress (+10 °C), also followed by recovery. It has been determined that the germinating seeds contain considerable amounts of tannins, catechins as well as phenolic acids such ...
Zhong Yadong Y Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Kemicentrum, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Butyric acid, one of the key products formed when β-glucans are degraded by the microbiota in the colon, has been proposed to be important for colonic health. Glutamine bound to the fibre may have similar effects once it has been liberated from the fibre in the colon. Both β-glucans and ...
Sheibaninia Ahmad A Department of Orthodontics, Islamic Azad University, Dental School, Tehran Branch, No. 4, 10th Neyestan Alley, Pasdaran Avenue, P.O. Box 19585-175, Tehran, - - 2014
Aim. This study aims to evaluate the effect of acidic food simulant and (acetic acid 3%) on the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores of one conventional and three different self-ligating brackets with different base designs. Materials and Methods. Freshly extracted first maxillary premolars (n = ...
LaBelle Edward V EV Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Marine Biomedicine & Environmental Science Center, Hollings Marine Laboratory, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Production of hydrogen and organic compounds by an electrosynthetic microbiome using electrodes and carbon dioxide as sole electron donor and carbon source, respectively, was examined after exposure to acidic pH (∼5). Hydrogen production by biocathodes poised at -600 mV vs. SHE increased>100-fold and acetate production ceased at acidic pH, but ...
Warnakulasuriya Sumudu N SN Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS B2N 5E3, Canada. - - 2014
Flavonoids have shown promise as natural plant-based antioxidants for protecting lipids from oxidation. It was hypothesized that their applications in lipophilic food systems can be further enhanced by esterification of flavonoids with fatty acids. Quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3G) was esterified individually with six selected long chain fatty acids: stearic acid (STA), oleic ...
Kemse Nisha G NG Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, - - 2014
Our earlier studies have highlighted that an altered one carbon metabolism (vitamin B12, folic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid) is associated with preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is also known to be associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. The current study examines whether maternal folic acid, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation given ...
Sridharan Gautham V GV Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, - - 2014
Metabolites produced by the intestinal microbiota are potentially important physiological modulators. Here we present a metabolomics strategy that models microbiota metabolism as a reaction network and utilizes pathway analysis to facilitate identification and characterization of microbiota metabolites. Of the 2,409 reactions in the model, ~53% do not occur in the ...
Talaat Iman M IM Botany Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, - - 2014
The effects of foliar application of different concentrations of amino acids (tyrosine and phenylalanine) and phenolic acids (trans-cinnamic acid, benzoic acid and salicylic acid) on growth, pigment content, hormones levels and essential oil content of Ammi visnaga L were carried out during two successive seasons. It is clear that foliar ...
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