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Mr??z J - - 2009
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is, globally, one of the most important farmed fish species. We have analyzed carp from a natural pond-production system in South Bohemia. Ongrowing fish had access to an abundant plankton population which was supplemented with cereals. Fatty acid composition (FA) was investigated in three parts of ...
Dussert Stéphane - - 2008
The chemotaxonomic relationships between Coffea (subgenus Coffea) species have been poorly studied to date and the compounds tested so far - chlorogenic acids, diterpenoids and purine alkaloids - did not enable the establishment of phylogenetic relationships analogous to those revealed by chloroplast and nuclear DNA studies. In the present study, ...
Ozden O - - 2008
The moisture, ash, protein and fat content and amino acid, fatty acid and mineral compositions in the flesh of three commercially important fish species (Dicentrarchus labrax, Sparus aurata, Dentex dentex) from the aqua culture of Turkey were evaluated. Ranges of moisture, ash, protein and fat contents were 69.68-76.42%, 1.49-1.95%, 18.21-21.70% ...
Tannock G W - - 2008
Nucleic acid-based (molecular) analytical methods have utility in discriminating between bowel microbiota of altered compositions. This has been demonstrated in studies involving both experimental animals and humans with inflammation of the bowel. Although alterations in the composition of the microbiota can be demonstrated, future studies need to provide functional links ...
Qian Xufang - - 2008
A direct-triblock-copolymer templating method is demonstrated to synthesize ordered mesoporous crystalline C-TiO(2) (MCT) composites using phenolic resins and acid-base pairs [acidic TiCl(4) and basic counterpart Ti(OC(4)H(7))(4)] as carbon and titanium sources, respectively. The composites possess highly crystalline anatase pore walls that are "glued" by amorphous carbon, ordered mesostructure, high surface ...
McNamara Robert K - - 2009
Major behavioral and neurochemical features observed between inbred C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mouse strains can be reproduced within rodent strains following dietary-induced reductions in brain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) composition. It was therefore hypothesized that C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice exhibit constitutive differences in brain DHA composition that are independent of diet. ...
Grewe Claudia - - 2008
The green microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis synthesizes secondary carotenoids after exposure to environmental stress, a process that is used for the biotechnological production of astaxanthin (Ax). This study reports, for the first time, the medium-dependent changes in the carotenoid pattern throughout the cultivation process as well as the exact composition of ...
Wang Jun - - 2009
Here, a novel sonocatalyst, composite TiO2/ZnO powder, was prepared through the combination of nano-sized TiO2 and ZnO powders. Because of the appropriate adsorbability to organic pollutants and special crystal interphase between TiO2 and ZnO particles, the composite TiO2/ZnO powder exhibits a high sonocatalytic activity under ultrasonic irradiation during the degradation ...
Zhai Junfeng - - 2008
Polyethylenimine (PEI)-protected Prussian blue nanocubes have been simply synthesized by heating an acidic mixture of PEI, FeCl 3, K 3Fe(CN) 6, and KCl. The experiment results presented here demonstrate that the pH of the mixture plays an important role in controlling the shape and composition of the resultant product.
Tillinghast Edward K - - 2008
We examined the free amino acid composition of hemolymph from representatives of five spider families with an interest in knowing if the amino acid profile in the hemolymph of orb-web-building spiders reflects the high demands for small organic compounds in the sticky droplets of their webs. In nearly all analyses, ...
Nagase Shinobu - - 2008
The variation of hair curvature in Japanese women was quantitatively investigated and the structure of curved hair was characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and amino acid analysis. Two hundred and thirty Japanese women volunteers, aged from 10 to 70 years, were randomly selected. The evaluation of the volunteers' natural ...
Drazen Jeffrey C - - 2008
The lipid, fatty acid (FA), and sterol composition of two ophiuroids and four holothurians from the abyssal eastern North Pacific were analysed to assess their feeding habits and to ascertain their composition for use in a larger study to examine food web dynamics and trophic ecology. Holothurians were rich in ...
Sinclair K D - - 2008
The value of using the amino acid and fatty acid composition of follicular fluid as predictors of embryo development was assessed in a bovine model of in-vitro maturation (IVM), IVF and blastocyst culture (IVC). A total of 445 cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) aspirated from visually healthy follicles underwent IVM and IVF ...
Souchier M - - 2008
AIMS: To assess the changes in ocular surface abnormalities and meibomian fatty acid composition in patients suffering from meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) after treatment with oral minocycline associated with lid hygiene versus lid hygiene only. METHODS: We evaluated the break-up time, corneal staining and quality of meibomian excreta, and collected ...
Ortiz-Basurto Rosa Isela - - 2008
The main characteristics of the aguamiel (maguey-pulquero sap) during the harvest period of the Agave mapisaga plants were assessed to establish its stability through time and the industrial potential of its components. Only minor differences in aguamiel composition were detected among samples collected at different time points of the harvest ...
Suzuki Sayoko - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that the composition of molecular species of adipose tissue triacylglycerols (TGs) from farm animals are not equally synthesized and that some molecular species are preferentially synthesized. The objective of the present study was to determine whether exogenous fatty acids (FAs) would affect the TG composition. To ...
Lyu Suping - - 2008
New and improved properties can often be achieved by compounding two or more different but compatible materials. But, can failure possibility also be increased by such a compounding strategy? In this article, we compared the in vitro biostability of composites with that of the pure polymer. We tested three model ...
McNamara Robert K - - 2008
Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC, Brodmann area 10) gray matter volume reductions and selective reductions in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) are observed in adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). OFC gray matter volume also decreases with advancing age in healthy subjects. To examine if OFC gray matter DHA composition decreases during ...
Montoya Carlos A - - 2008
A study was conducted to investigate the amino acid (AA) composition and the susceptibility to in vitro proteolysis (pepsin, 120 min and pancreatin, 240 min) of a collection of purified phaseolins ( n = 43) in unheated or heat-treated form. The AA composition of phaseolin varied little across bean varieties. ...
Nanni Loris - - 2008
Given a protein that is localized in the mitochondria it is very important to know the submitochondria localization of that protein to understand its function. In this work, we propose a submitochondria localizer whose feature extraction method is based on the Chou's pseudo-amino acid composition. The pseudo-amino acid based features ...
Black, J. L.
Variation in available energy content (MJ/kg DM) of Australian cereal grains has been examined across sheep, cattle, pigs, broiler chickens and laying hens. There were only small differences in the available energy content of individual grains across animal types, except for the low energy content of sorghum for cattle. Much ...
Emmanuel I. Adeyeye
The chemical composition and the food properties of shell and flesh of <I>Penaeus notabilis</I> were evaluated. The protein, ash and energy were high whereas carbohydrate and fibre were low in the proximate composition. In the mineral composition, the mineral elements in shell were corresponding higher than the level in flesh. ...
Shim In Kyung - - 2008
Novel chitosan-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) composite fibers and nonwoven fibrous scaffolding matrices were designed for cartilage regeneration. A homogenous one-phase mixture of chitosan and PLGA at a ratio of 50:50 (w/w %) was successfully produced using cosolvents of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol and methylene chloride. A wet spinning technique was employed to fabricate composite fibrous ...
Liu Yaxiong - - 2008
The present work describes the dectection of cytochrome c (cyt c) at biocompatible aurum (Au) nanoparticle-structured supported bilayer lipid membrane (sBLM) modified with anionic sites. Au nanoparticles were directly deposited through sBLM modified with lauric acid (LA) to build a hybrid device of nanoscale electrode array via potential cycling in ...
Quiñones Winston - - 2008
Ground pearl (Eurhizococcus colombianus) is a crop pest in Colombia, with special impact on fig, grass, rubus and tomato plants. The insect is resistant to external insecticide application because it produces a thick waxy shell that isolates it from the environment. The composition of this shell was determined by NMR ...
Tan Haidong - - 2008
The possible causes of variation on amino acid composition in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated genome-wide. The results indicated that: (a) the base composition of coding DNA and amino acid composition was similar among all the chromosomes, which was in sharp contrast with the great varies of the composition ...
Kumar Kandaswamy Krishna - - 2008
This study presents an allergenic protein prediction system that appears to be capable of producing high sensitivity and specificity. The proposed system is based on support vector machine (SVM) using evolutionary information in the form of an amino acid position specific scoring matrix (PSSM). The performance of this system is ...
Hoashi Shogo - - 2008
Fatty acid composition has become an important trait in the beef industry in terms of beef flavor and decreasing the circulating concentration of LDL cholesterol. In this study, we examined the association between polymorphisms of six genes, adipocytes-type fatty acid binding protein (FABP4), liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha), cytochrome b5 ...
Habib Tanwir - - 2008
Occurrence of protein in the cell is an important step in understanding its function. It is highly desirable to predict a protein's subcellular locations automatically from its sequence. Most studied methods for prediction of subcellular localization of proteins are signal peptides, the location by sequence homology, and the correlation between ...
Batovska Daniela Ilieva - - 2008
We examined the leaf chemical composition of six seedlings obtained by self-pollination of the Bulgarian wine-making variety Storgozia as well as the cultivar Bouquet, which is the susceptible parent of Storgozia. The chemical composition was investigated in the framework of a program for identification of metabolites associated with disease resistance ...
Puigbò Pere - - 2008
We studied the evolution of thermophily in prokaryotes using the phylogenetic relationships between 279 bacteria and archaea and their thermophilic amino acid composition signature. Our findings suggest several examples in which the capacity of thermophilic adaptation has been gained or lost over relatively short evolutionary periods throughout the evolution of ...
Hoashi Shogo - - 2007
To investigate genetic factors that affect fatty acid composition in beef carcass, we previously investigated genetic profiles of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) and their effect on fatty acid composition in fat tissue of cattle. It has been known that sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) is a transcription factor that regulates ...
Kim Hae-Won - - 2007
The composite approach to combining bioactive ceramic and degradable polymer is a promising strategy in the development of bone regenerative matrices. Moreover, in the fabrication of composites, the nanoscale organization of each component should improve the level of structural integration as well as the resultant mechanical and biological properties. The ...
Hulbert A J - - 2007
Maximum life span differences among animal species exceed life span variation achieved by experimental manipulation by orders of magnitude. The differences in the characteristic maximum life span of species was initially proposed to be due to variation in mass-specific rate of metabolism. This is called the rate-of-living theory of aging ...
Grkovic Sanja - - 2007
X-linked adrenoleukodistrophy is a severe neurodegenerative disorder with impaired very long chain fatty acid metabolism. The disease associated ABCD1 gene encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein which belongs to the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette transporters. We investigated eight male X-ALD patients diagnosed among 142 suspected patients referred for investigation. Plasma levels ...
Steger K - - 2007
AIMS: This study investigates changes in microbiological and physicochemical parameters during large-scale, thermophilic composting of a single batch of municipal organic waste. The inter-relationships between the microbial biomass and community structure as well as several physicochemical parameters and estimates of maturation were evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analyses of signature fatty ...
Michalsen Mandy M - - 2007
In a previous column study, we investigated the long-term impact of ethanol additions on U and Tc mobility in groundwater (M. M. Michalsen et al., Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:7048-7053, 2006). Ethanol additions stimulated iron- and sulfate-reducing conditions and significantly enhanced U and Tc removal from groundwater compared to an identical ...
Harrigan George G - - 2007
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recommends the measurement of specific plant components for compositional assessments of new biotechnology-derived crops. These components include proximates, nutrients, antinutrients, and certain crop-specific secondary metabolites. A considerable literature on the natural variability of these components in conventional and biotechnology-derived crops now exists. ...
Harrigan George G - - 2007
The composition of glyphosate-tolerant (Roundup Ready) soybean 40-3-2 was compared with that of conventional soybean grown in Romania in 2005 as part of a comparative safety assessment program. Samples were collected from replicated field trials, and compositional analyses were performed to measure proximates (moisture, fat, ash, protein, and carbohydrates by ...
Tsuge Takeharu - - 2007
Amino acid substitutions at two residues downstream from the active-site histidine of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases are effective for changing the composition and the molecular weight of PHA. In this study, saturation mutagenesis at the position Ala505 was applied to PHA synthase (PhaCAc) from Aeromonas caviae to investigate the effects on ...
Klussmann Martin - - 2007
The evolution of homochirality from a prebiotic environment has long intrigued scientists. Here we report how highly enantioenriched solutions may be produced by manipulation of amino acid phase behavior, a concept that has far-reaching implications for prebiotic chemistry. We demonstrate that the eutectic composition of aqueous mixtures of L and ...
Cowieson A J - - 2007
The effects of phytic acid and microbial phytase on the flow and composition of endogenous protein at the terminal ileum of broiler chickens were investigated using the peptide alimentation method. Phytic acid (fed as the sodium salt) was included in a synthetic diet at 8.5, 11.5 and 14.5 g/kg (or ...
Kiliç Turgut - - 2007
The fatty acid compositions of Nepeta viscida, N. cilicica, N. crinita, N. nuda ssp. glandulifera and N. aristata were analyzed by GC/MS. The main free fatty acids were found as linolenic acid (49.8-58.5%), linoleic acid (10.9-23.5%), oleic acid (11.5-19.2%), palmitic acid (5.2-6.8%) and stearic acid (2.0-3.7%) and, total fatty acid ...
Cui Daxiang - - 2007
In recent years, functionalization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with biomolecules such as nucleotide acids, proteins, and polymers as well as cells have emerged as a new exciting field. Theoretical and experimental studies of structure and function of bio-inspired CNT composites have made great advances. The importance of nucleic acids, proteins, ...
Papina M - - 2007
Lipids play a key role in thermal and photo-acclimation processes, yet they are often neglected in stress studies. We investigated the influence of different light intensities and an increase of temperature on the fatty acid composition of the coral Montipora digitata and its symbiotic algae (i.e., zooxanthellae). Coral branches were ...
Partanen K - - 2007
Six 34-kg barrows were fitted with a post-valve T-caecum cannula and assigned to six dietary treatments according to a 6 × 5 change-over design to study how a mixture of formic acid, sorbate, and benzoate (0 or 8.4 g/kg feed) influences apparent ileal and faecal digestibility coefficients, bacterial nitrogen (N) flow, microbial metabolite ...
Escalera-Lozano R - - 2008
The use of recycling aluminum from beverage containers and rice-hull ash (RHA) offers to be an attractive alternative for the economic production of Al/SiCp composites. However, corrosion phenomena in the composites represent technological barriers yet to be resolved before they can be exploited to their full potential. A simple methodology ...
Topçu Gülaçti - - 2007
Cell suspension cultures of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. ssp. angustifolia (syn.: L. officinalis Chaix.) afforded a fatty acid composition, cis and trans p-coumaric acids (=p-hydroxy cinnamic acids), and beta-sitosterol. The fatty acid composition was analyzed by GC-MS, and the structures of the isolated three compounds were determined by 1H- and 13C-NMR, ...
Langley Cathryn E - - 2007
The modification of carbon powder with manganese dioxide using a wet impregnation procedure with electrochemical characterisation of the modified powder is described. The process involves saturation of the carbon powder with manganese(II) nitrate followed by thermal treatment at ca. 773 K leading to formation of manganese(IV) oxide on the surface ...
Marques Gisela - - 2007
The chemical composition of leaf fibers of curaua (Ananas erectifolius), an herbaceous plant native of Amazonia, was studied. Special attention was paid to the content and composition of lignin and lipophilic compounds. The analysis of lignin in the curaua fibers was performed in situ by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and ...
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