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Patel Disha D DD Lab#302B, BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Sardar Patel Maidan, Vadtal Road, Post Box No. 39, Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Gujarat, 388120, - - 2014
Lipoxygenase oxidizes linoleic acid into hydroperoxy octadecadienoic acid (HPOD), which is important in food and flavour industries for production of bread and flavouring compounds. As Lasiodiplodia theobromae is an unexplored, good source of lipoxygenase, it was purified from it by size-exclusion (Sephadex G100) and ion-exchange (DEAE-cellulose) chromatography and characterized. Upon ...
Hernández-Herrero J A JA Department of Agro-Food Technology, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Ctra. Beniel, km. 3.2, CP 03.312 Orihuela (Alicante), - - 2015
Model juices at pH 3.7 were prepared with different combinations of ascorbic acid, rutin (quercetin 3-rutinoside) and concentrated anthocyanin extract of plums (cv. Black Gold). The anthocyanins in the concentrated extract were cyanidin 3-glucoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside, in a proportion of 76% and 24% respectively. The model juices were stored ...
Govindarajan Ramprakash R Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to measure the apparent surface acidity of common excipients and to correlate the acidity with the chemical stability of an acid-sensitive active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in binary API-excipient powder mixtures. The acidity of 26 solid excipients was determined by two methods, (i) by measuring ...
BiaƂek Agnieszka A Department of Bromatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Banacha 1, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), which are a group of naturally occurring in food isomers of linoleic acid, seem to be active in each step of cancer development. There are many possible mechanisms of this action, and interactions with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in lipoxygenase (LOX) and cyclooxygenase (COX) pathways are ...
Lynch Kevin K Department of Chemistry, Elon University, Elon, North Carolina, USA. - - 2014
Two different and complementary computational methods were used to determine the contributions by inductive/field effects and by electron-delocalization effects toward the enhancement of the gas-phase deprotonation enthalpy of sulfuric acid over ethanol. Our alkylogue extrapolation method employed density functional theory calculations to determine the deprotonation enthalpy of the alkylogues of ...
Franco Federico F Department of Chemistry, via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino, Italy. roberto.gobetto@unito.it - - 2014
The effect of a local proton source on the activity of a bromotricarbonyl Mn redox catalyst for CO2 reduction has been investigated. The electrochemical behaviour of the novel complex [fac-Mn(dhbpy)(CO)3Br] (dhbpy = 4-phenyl-6-(1,3-dihydroxybenzen-2-yl) 2,2'-bipyridine), containing two acidic OH groups in the proximity of the metal centre, under a CO2 atmosphere ...
Heemskerk Mattijs M MM Department of Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands Einthoven Laboratory for Experimental Vascular Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Prolonged niacin treatment elicits beneficial effects on the plasma lipid and lipoprotein profile that is associated with a protective CVD risk profile. Acute niacin treatment inhibits nonesterified fatty acid release from adipocytes and stimulates prostaglandin release from skin Langerhans cells, but the acute effects diminish upon prolonged treatment, while the ...
Chen Zhi-Yao ZY College of Light Industry and Food Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China; Sericulture and Agri-food Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, 510610, - - 2014
Two kinds of soy sauces were prepared with A. oryzae koji (SSAO) and mixed koji (SSAOM, A. oryzae mouldstarter: Monascus purpureus mouldstarter = 1:2, w/w) respectively. The effects of mixed koji on the essential indices, oxygen radical absorption capacity, color indices, free amino acids and volatile compounds of soy sauce have been ...
Barassi Giancarlo M GM School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. giancarlobarassi@gmail.com martin.klimsa@web.de aoc@gmx.li - - 2014
The acid plant 'blow-down' (also called weak acid) produced at El Teniente mine in Chile was characterized. This liquid waste (tailing) is generated during the cooling and cleaning of the smelter gas prior to the production of sulfuric acid. The weak acid was composed of a liquid and a solid ...
Li Bo B B Li, Shanghai Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Clinical Center for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, RuiJin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a disease featured by an excessive triglycerides (TG) accumulation in hepatocytes, has dramatically increased globally during recent decades. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been suggested to play crucial roles in many complex diseases and lipid metabolism. Our study found that miR199a-5p was remarkably upregulated ...
Kumagai Shogo S Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, 6-6-07 Aoba, Aramaki-aza, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 8 Ichibancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8472, - - 2014
In this work, a Japanese cedar wood sample was treated during the first step at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure using several concentrations of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) in a stirred flask. During this pretreatment C-O bonds of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin were cleaved. The second step involved the pyrolysis of ...
Mikulic-Petkovsek Maja M University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Agronomy, Chair for Fruit, Wine and Vegetable Growing, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2015
There are no defined maturity parameters for berry fruit which often results in harvesting and marketing of inedible, immature or over ripe berries. In the present study the changes in quality characteristics of different white-, red-, and black-currant cultivars as well as gooseberry and jostaberry fruit were investigated at three ...
Kaygili Omer O Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2015
Hydroxyapatite (HAp) samples were synthesized under various amounts of citric acid using the sol-gel method. Before and after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 14 and 28days, the structural properties of HAp samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy ...
Hassan Haidar H Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Objective: To examine pH in the approximal dental biofilm after acid and alkali formation from sucrose and urea, after an adaptation period to these substances, in caries-free (CF) and caries-active (CA) individuals. Saliva flow and buffer capacity, and aciduric bacteria in saliva and plaque were also examined. Material and Methods: ...
Banerjee M M Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G - - 2014
Administration of kainic acid induces acute seizures that result in the loss of neurons, gliosis and reorganization of mossy fiber pathways in the hippocampus resembling those observed in human temporal lobe epilepsy. Although these structural changes have been well characterized, the mechanisms underlying the degeneration of neurons following administration of ...
Maya-Meraz Irma O IO Facultad de Ciencias Agrotecnológicas, Univ. Autónoma de Chihuahua, Av. Presa de la Amistad S/N, Cuauhtémoc, Chih, - - 2014
One of the main quality parameters in apples is aroma, its main precursors are fatty acids (FA) and amino acids (AA). In this study, alginate edible coatings were used as carriers of linoleic acid or isoleucine to serve as precursors for the production of aroma in cut apples. Apple wedges ...
Yan Guowen G College of Pharmacy, Qingdao University , Qingdao, Shandong , P. R. - - 2014
We prepared liver-targeting micelles loaded with oxaliplatin (OXA), using a polymer modified by a liver-targeting ligand, namely, glycyrrhetinic acid-conjugated and stearic acid-grafted chitosan (GA-CS-SA). The particles had a uniform size, which was 138.6 ± 0.72 nm. The encapsulation efficiency was up to 71.7 ± 0.46%. The hepatic distribution of OXA ...
Caponio Francesco F University of Bari Aldo Moro, Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Food Science and Technology - - 2014
An experimental investigation was carried out with the aim to evaluate the effect of talc on the extraction yield and quality of extra virgin olive oils from Coratina olives after production and during storage. A significant effect of talc, added in the malaxer, on both yield and oil quality was ...
Nukit Natchanok N Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart - - 2014
This study investigated the roles of rice mono- and diacylglycerol (rice MDG) and commercial MDG on solid structure formation of rice bran oil (RBO) and RBO-anhydrous milk fat (AMF) blends after the crystallized blends were aged at 5°C for 12 or 24 h and stored at 30°C for 12 or ...
Tripathi Rudra Deo RD CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow 226 001, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arsenic (As) accumulation and tolerance response of a submerged rootless macrophyte Najas indica were evaluated during arsenate (As(V); 10-250μM) and arsenite (As(III); 1-50μM) exposure. Higher As accumulation at As(III) exposure and more tolerance upon As(V) exposure resulted in more toxicity during As(III) stress than As(V), which was evident through measurement ...
Lee Ansoo A Department of Chemistry, KAIST , Daejeon 305-701, - - 2014
A new type of bicyclic bridgehead phosphoramidites (briphos) is reported, where the geometrical constraints significantly enhance the π-acceptor ability compared with its monocyclic analogs. The briphos is shown to be highly efficient and tunable for Rh(I)-catalyzed conjugate additions of aryl boronic acids to α,β-unsaturated ketones and N-tosyl ketimines.
Longo S S Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
This work investigated the pilot scale production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) from sewage sludge through alkaline fermentation and the subsequent membrane filtration. Furthermore, the impact of the fermentation liquid on nutrient bioremoval was examined. The addition of wollastonite in the fermenter to buffer the pH affected the composition ...
Bettaieb Rebey Iness I Laboratoire des Substances Bioactives Centre de Biotechnologie à la Technopole de Borj-Cédria (CBBC), BP 901, Hammam-Lif, Tunisia, - - 2014
The effects of two extraction methods, used at three ripening stages on the total polyphenol contents and the antioxidant activities of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed extracts were studied. The ripening stage effect on some physical properties of cumin seed was significant. The increase of dry matter (from 10.3 to ...
Olotu Ifeoluwa I Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Agriculture P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, - - 2014
The safety and shelf-life of food products can be, respectively, ensured and extended with important food-processing technologies such as irradiation. The joint effect of cooking and 10 kGy gamma irradiation on the fatty acid composition of the oil of Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth was evaluated. Oils from the raw seed, cooked seeds, ...
Khajavi Ramin - - 2014
In this study, the effect of dicarboxylic acid chain length on the amount of TiO2 nanoparticls "TiO2NPs" adsorption, produced self cleaning property, and washing durability on cotton fabrics were investigated. Firstly, cotton fabric samples were treated with three kinds of dicarboxylic acids: oxalic, succinic and adipic acids, and then dipped ...
Sung Min-Gyu MG Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, KAIST, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701, Republic of - - 2014
A cost-efficient process devoid of several washing steps was developed, which is related to direct cultivation following the decomposition of the sterilizer. Peracetic acid (PAA) is known to be an efficient antimicrobial agent due to its high oxidizing potential. Sterilization by 2 mM PAA demands at least 1 h incubation time for ...
Jin Zhicheng Z Case Western Reserve University, United - - 2014
Oxidative stress triggers the peroxidation of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) to reactive lipid fragments including 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (HNE). We previously reported two parallel catabolic pathways of HNE. In this study we report a novel metabolite that accumulates in rat liver perfused with HNE or 4-hydroxynonanoic acid (HNA), identified as ...
Tango Charles-Nkufi CN Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, School of Bioconvergence Science and Technology, Kangwon National Universty, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 200-701, Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate synergetic effect of slight acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) and fumaric acid (FA) on inactivation of total viable count (TVC) and Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Eschericia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Typhimurium in fresh beef and to study shelf life and sensory quality of beef. Inoculated samples was dipped for ...
Asadpour Robabeh R Geosciences & Petroleum Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia E-mail: - - 2014
Oil spills generally cause worldwide concern due to their detrimental effects on the environment and the economy. An assortment of commercial systems has been developed to control these spills, including the use of agricultural wastes as sorbents. This work deals with raw and modified mangrove barks (Rhizophora apiculata), an industrial ...
de Castro Antonio A Instituto de la Grasa IG-CSIC, Avda. Padre García Tejero 4, 41012-, Seville, - - 2014
Alperujo is the paste generated from the two-phase extraction system of olive oil. This wet pomace must be stored for months and during this period, the formation of 4-ethyphenol provokes a strong off-odour. The aim of this work was to identify the microorganisms able to produce this volatile phenol. Yeast ...
Harada Shinichi S Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University, 1-1-3 Minatojima, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-8586, - - 2014
Central post-stroke pain (CPSP), one of the complications of cerebral ischemia and neuropathic pain syndrome, is associated with specific somatosensory abnormalities. Although CPSP is a serious problem, detailed underlying mechanisms and standard treatments for CPSP are not well established. In this study, we assessed the role of GPR40, a long-chain ...
Siegmund W W From the Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Center of Drug Absorption and Transport (C_DAT), University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 3, D-17487 Greifswald, - - 2014
The rare association of flupirtine with liver injury is most likely caused by reactive quinone diimines which oxidative formation may be influenced by the activities of N-acetyltransferases (NAT) that conjugate the less toxic metabolite D13223, and by glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) and glutathione S-transferases (GST) that generate stable terminal glucuronides and mercapturic ...
Mooranian Armin A Biotechnology and Drug Development Research Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Biosciences Research Precinct, Curtin University , Perth, Western Australia , Australia - - 2014
Abstract In previous studies carried out in our laboratory, a bile acid formulation exerted a hypoglycaemic effect in a rat model of type 1 diabetes (T1D). When the antidiabetic drug gliclazide was added to the bile acid, it augmented the hypoglycaemic effect. In a recent study, we designed a new ...
Hosseinzadeh Rahman R Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, - - 2014
Two fluorene-based boronic acids, 9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl-2-boronic acid (1) and 9,9-dimethyl-9H-fluoren-2,7-diyl-2,7-diboronic acid (2), were synthesized and their sensing abilities for detection of D-monosaccharides were investigated by fluorescence at physiological pH. It was found that both boronic acids 1 and 2 have high selectivity and sensitivity for D-fructose with stability constant of 47.2 ...
Anyasi Tonna A TA Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2015
Unripe banana flour (UBF) obtained from organic acid pretreatment of pulp from three non-commercial cultivars were profiled for physical, functional and antioxidant properties. UBF showed marked significant differences (p<0.05) in colour (CIEL(∗)a(∗)b(∗) and CIELCH) and water holding capacity with no significant difference in oil holding capacity. The total polyphenol content ...
Beskow Günter Timm GT Faculdade de Agronomia Eliseu Maciel, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354, CEP 90010-900 Pelotas, RS, - - 2015
In this descriptive study, Butia odorata genotypes were evaluated for yield, fruit number, pulp yield, bioactive content (including phenolic compounds, carotenoid, anthocyanin, l-ascorbic acid, and fibre content), antioxidant potential, and phenotypic characteristics. Genotype 117 was the highest yielding, with an estimated fruit yield of 22,000kgha(-1) and pulp yield of 12,000kgha(-1). ...
Pérez-Ramírez Iza F IF Research and Graduate Studies in Food Science, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las campanas s/n, 76010 Querétaro, Qro., - - 2015
Plant infusions are consumed due to their beneficial effects on health, which is attributed to their bioactive compounds content. However, these compounds are susceptible to degradation during processing and storage. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of stevia and citric acid on the stability of phenolic ...
Janssen Carola I F CI Department of Anatomy, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Maternal intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) is critical during perinatal development of the brain. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most abundant n-3 PUFA in the brain and influences neuronal membrane function and neuroprotection. The present study aims to assess the effect of dietary n-3 PUFA availability during ...
Zhang T T TT State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
The objectives of the trial were to study the effects of rare earth element (REE) lanthanum (La) on the in vitro rumen methane (CH4 ) and volatile fatty acid (VFA) production and the microbial flora of feeds. Four feed mixtures with different levels of neutral detergent fibre (NDF), that is ...
Diniz Danuza Montijo DM Programa de Pós Graduação Biomedicina e Medicina, Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa da Santa Casa, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
The effects of intrathecal administration of the toxins Phα1β and ω-conotoxin MVIIA were investigated in visceral nociception induced by an intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid and an intracolonic application of capsaicin. The pretreatments for two hours with the toxins reduced the number of writhes or nociceptive behaviors compared with the ...
Nazari E E School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11155/4563, Tehran, - - 2014
Simultaneous recovery of vanadium (V) and nickel (Ni), which are classified as two of the most hazardous metal species from power plant heavy fuel fly-ash, was studied using a hydrometallurgical process consisting of acid leaching using sulfuric acid. Leaching parameters were investigated and optimized in order to maximize the recovery ...
Avgustinovich D F DF Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia, - - 2014
The effects of chronic administration of a new substance lambertianic acid amide and previously synthesized methyl ester of this acid were compared in female mice living under conditions of social discomfort. For modeling social discomfort, female mouse was housed for 30 days in a cage with aggressive male mouse kept ...
Filannino Pasquale P Department of Soil, Plant and Food Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, - - 2014
The metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acids by strictly hetero-fermentative lactic acid bacteria (nineteen strains) was investigated as a potential alternative energy route. Lactobacillus curvatus PE5 was the most tolerant to hydroxycinnamic acids, followed by strains of Weissella spp., Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus fermentum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides that had the same values of ...
González-Garcinuño Alvaro A Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Salamanca, P/Los Caídos s/n, Salamanca 37008, - - 2014
Discovering microalgae strains containing a high lipid yield and adequate fatty acid composition is becoming a crucial fact in algae-oil factories. In this study, two unknown strains, named Scenedesmus abundans and Chlorella ellipsoidea, have been tested for their response to different nitrogen sources, in order to determine its influence in ...
Fahimi N N Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, Université de Toulouse, INPT, UPS, 4, Allée Emile Monso, BP 83234, 31432, Toulouse Cedex 4, France, - - 2014
In winemaking, after the alcoholic fermentation of red wines and some white wines, L-malic acid must be converted into L-lactic acid to reduce the acidity. This malolactic fermentation (MLF) is usually carried out by the lactic acid bacteria Oenococcus oeni. Depending on the level of process control, selected O. oeni ...
Ahmad Naveed - - 2014
Stimuli-responsive bacterial cellulose-g-poly(acrylic acid) hydrogels were investigated for their potential use as an oral delivery system for proteins. These hydrogels were synthesized using electron beam irradiation without any crosslinking agents, thereby eliminating any potential toxic effects associated with crosslinkers. Bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein drug, was efficiently loaded ...
Bakhtiani Parkash A PA Harold Schnitzer Diabetes Health Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2014
Commercial glucagon is unstable due to aggregation and degradation. In closed-loop studies, it must be reconstituted frequently. For use in a portable pump for 3 days, a more stable preparation is required. At alkaline pH, curcumin inhibited glucagon aggregation. However, curcumin is not sufficiently stable for long-term use. Here, we ...
Tungen Jørn E JE School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Oslo , PO Box 1068 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, - - 2014
Protectin D1 (PD1 (3)), a C22-dihydroxylated polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesized from all-Z-docosahexaenoic acid, belongs to the new family of endogenous mediators referred to as specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators. PD1 (3) is a natural product that displays potent anti-inflammatory properties together with pro-resolving actions including inhibition of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration ...
Ramos C C Department of Biotechnology and Food Science, Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Burgos, Faculty of Sciences, Pz. Misael Bañuelos, 09001 Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The performance of an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treating wastewater with high levels of oil and grease content from a snacks factory is studied and its effectiveness is demonstrated. The relation between the reversible and the irreversible fouling rate and the fouling propensity of the fatty matter were evaluated under ...
Yang Qian - - 2014
The current study was to evaluate the anti-thrombotic effect of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) which was isolated and purified from Jiaomu in vivo. The seeds were crushed and subsequently subjected to saponification, acid hydrolysis, gradient freezing, urea inclusion and complexation of silver nitrate to obtain the unsaturated fatty acids. The chemical ...
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