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Husniza H - - 2011
Assessment of amino acid decarboxylase activity can be conducted using tubed broth or plated agar. In this study, the test was carried out in microtitre plates containing lysine, ornithine, arginine, tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine or histidine as biogenic amine precursors. Møller decarboxylase base broth (MDB) with or without 1% of a ...
Liang Li-Ya - - 2011
Escherichia coli NZN111 is a double mutant with inactivated lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate formate-lyase. It cannot utilize glucose anaerobically because of its unusually high intracellular NADH/NAD(+) ratio. We have now constructed a recombinant strain, E. coli NZN111/pTrc99a-mdh, which, during anaerobic fermentation, produced 4.3 g succinic acid l(-1) from 13.5 g glucose l(-1). The NADH/NAD(+) ratio ...
Meesapyodsuk Dauenpen - - 2011
While oat (Avena sativa) has long been known to produce epoxy fatty acids in seeds, synthesized by a peroxygenase pathway, the gene encoding the peroxygenase remains to be determined. Here we report identification of a peroxygenase cDNA AsPXG1 from developing seeds of oat. AsPXG1 is a small protein with 249 ...
Feng Youjun - - 2011
Glycerol-3-phosphate (sn-glycerol-3-P, G3P) acyltransferase catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, the acylation of G3P to form 1-acyl G3P (lysophosphatidic acid). The paradigm G3P acyltransferase is the Escherichia coli plsB gene product which acylates position-1 of G3P using fatty acids in thioester linkage to either acyl ...
Mazimba Ofentse - - 2011
The investigation of Tylosema esculentum (Morama) husks, cotyledons, and tuber yielded griffonilide 2, compound 1, griffonin 3, gallic acid 4, protocatechuic acid 5, β-sitosterol 6, behenic acid 7, oleic acid 8, sucrose 9, 2-O-ethyl-α-d-glucopyranoside 10, kaempferol 11 and kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside 12. The structures of the isolates were determined by NMR, HR-TOF ...
Takala P N - - 2011
Radiosensitization of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, and aerobic microflora was evaluated in broccoli florets coated by antimicrobial coatings and treated with different doses of γ-radiation. Broccoli florets were inoculated with aerobic microflora isolated from broccoli and with pathogenic bacteria (L. monocytogenes, E. coli, and Salmonella Typhimurium) at 10(6) ...
Badger John - - 2011
LpxD is a bacterial protein that is part of the biosynthesis pathway of lipid A and is responsible for transferring 3-hydroxymyristic acid from the R-3-hydroxymyristoyl-acyl carrier protein to the 2-OH group of UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxymyristoyl) glucosamine. The crystal structure of LpxD from Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been determined at high resolution (1.3 Å). The ...
Stincone Anna - - 2011
In order to develop an infection, diarrhogenic Escherichia coli has to pass through the stomach, where the pH can be as low as 1. Mechanisms that enable E. coli to survive in low pH are thus potentially relevant for pathogenicity. Four acid response systems involved in reducing the concentration of ...
Correia Vanessa G - - 2011
A method using supercritical CO(2) to obtain biocompatible 2-oxazoline-based oligomers quaternized with different amines is described. The synthesized oligo(2-oxazoline)s display partial carbamic-acid insertion at one end. The syntheses of quaternary oligo(2-bisoxazoline)s and linear oligoethylenimine hydrochlorides are reported. Oligo(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) and oligo(2-bisoxazoline) quaternized with N,N-dimethyldodecylamine are the most efficient biocidal agents showing ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2011
The Phaeodactylum tricornutum (P. tricornutum) thioesterase PtTE was encoded by a 648 bp open reading frame. The deduced 216 amino acids showed no similarity with plant acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases and bacterial thioesterases. Southern blot analysis revealed that one copy of PtTE was present in the P. tricornutum genome, ...
Lu Huiying J - - 2011
Outbreaks of disease due to vegetative bacterial pathogens associated with acid foods (such as apple cider) have raised concerns about acidified vegetables and related products that have a similar pH (3.2 to 4.0). Escherichia coli O157:H7 and related strains of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) have been identified as the most ...
Park Sang-Hyun - - 2011
This study was undertaken to investigate the antimicrobial effect of organic acids against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes on whole red organic apples and lettuce. Several studies have been conducted to evaluate organic acids as sanitizers. However, no studies have compared antimicrobial effects of various organic acids on organic fresh produce, including evaluation ...
Ali F - - 2011
The present study focused on the antibacterial and biofilm inhibitory potential of 4-epi-pimaric acid isolated from aerial parts (stem and leaves) of Aralia cachemirica L. (Araliaceae) against oral cavity pathogens. 4-epi-Pimaric acid exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in the range of 4-16 μg/ml and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) two- to four-folds ...
Hasegawa Akio - - 2011
Acidic and osmotic treatments are part of hurdle systems to control pathogens such as Salmonella in food. In the current study, Salmonella enterica isolates previously shown to differ in their ability to form biofilms were grown in diluted tryptic soy broth (TSB) (1:5 dilution in distilled water) and subsequently exposed ...
Johnson Matthew D - - 2011
RcsB interacts with GadE to mediate acid resistance in stationary-phase Escherichia coli K-12. We show here that RcsB is also required for inducible acid resistance in exponential phase and that it acts on promoters that are not GadE regulated. It is also required for acid resistance in E. coli O157:H7.
Jeon Eunyoung - - 2011
The goal of this research was to develop recombinant Escherichia coli to improve fatty acid synthesis (FAS). Genes encoding acetyl-CoA carboxylase (accA, accB, accC), malonyl-CoA-[acyl-carrier-protein] transacylase (fabD), and acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase (EC 3.1.2.14 gene), which are all enzymes that catalyze key steps in the synthesis of fatty acids, were ...
Trojánek Antonín - - 2011
The catalytic effect of tetraphenylporphyrin on the oxygen reduction with ferrocene in 1,2-dichloroethane can be finely tuned by varying the molar ratio of the acid to the catalyst present in the solution. The mechanism involves binding of molecular oxygen to the protonated free porphyrin base, in competition with ion pairing ...
Smith Brennan K - - 2011
FAT/CD36, a plasma membrane fatty-acid transport protein, has been found on mitochondrial membranes, however it remains unclear where FAT/CD36 resides on this organelle or its functional role within mitochondria. We demonstrate, using several different approaches, that in skeletal muscle FAT/CD36 resides on the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). To determine the ...
Lillo Luis - - 2011
This study reports the antibacterial activity of an oligosaccharide, prepared by partial acid hydrolysis of a native Paecilomyces sp. exopolysaccharide, and of its aminoglycosylated derivative, prepared by reductive alkylation of the oligosaccharide, against E. coli and S. aureus.
Zou Dongsheng - - 2011
Supersecondary structures (SSSs) are the building blocks of protein 3D structures. Accurate prediction of SSSs can be one important step toward building a tertiary structure from the specified secondary structure. How to improve the accuracy of prediction of SSSs by effectively incorporating the sequence order effects is an important and ...
Lechardeur Delphine - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a phylogenetically diverse group named for their main attribute in food fermentations, that is, production of lactic acid. However, several LAB are genetically equipped for aerobic respiration metabolism when provided with exogenous sources of heme (and menaquinones for some species). Respiration metabolism is energetically favorable ...
Szymańska Grazyna - - 2011
For L-aspartic acid biosynthesis, high production cells of Escherichia coli mutant B-715 and P1 were immobilized in chitosan gel using a technique developed in our laboratory. The immobilization process reduced initial activity of the intact cells, however, the biocatalyst produced was very stabile for long-term use in multi-repeated batch or ...
Raja Alsaba F - - 2011
Boswellic acids mixture of triterpenic acids obtained from the oleo gum resin of Boswellia serrata and known for its effectiveness in the treatment of chronic inflammatory disease including peritumor edema. Boswellic acids have been extensively studied for a number of activities including anti inflammatory, antitumor, immunomodulatory, and inflammatory bowel diseases. ...
Coddens Annelies - - 2011
Enterotoxigenic F4-fimbriated Escherichia coli is associated with diarrheal disease in neonatal and postweaning pigs. The F4 fimbriae mediate attachment of the bacteria to the pig intestinal epithelium, enabling an efficient delivery of diarrhea-inducing enterotoxins to the target epithelial cells. There are three variants of F4 fimbriae designated F4ab, F4ac and ...
Duan Yangkai - - 2011
Biodiesel is a renewable alternative to petroleum diesel fuel that can contribute to carbon dioxide emission reduction and energy supply. Biodiesel is composed of fatty acid alkyl esters, including fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), and is currently produced through the transesterification reaction of methanol ...
Larance Mark M Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2011
We describe an approach for accurate quantitation of global protein dynamics in Caenorhabditis elegans. We adapted stable-isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) for nematodes by feeding worms a heavy lysine- and heavy arginine-labeled Escherichia coli strain and report a genetic solution to elminate the problem of arginine-to-proline ...
Chohany Lucas E - - 2010
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of 1,4-dienes to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. The best substrates are anions of fatty acids; for example, linoleate is converted to 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoate. The manner in which SBLO-1 binds substrates is uncertain. In the present work, it was found that SBLO-1 will oxygenate linoleyltrimethylammonium ion ...
Połomska M - - 2011
New bio-inspired polymer composites of alginic acid and benzimidazole were created and characterized by FT NIR Raman spectroscopy. The obtained films with 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:1.5 molar ratio are homogeneous, with good mechanical properties. Raman spectra recorded at room temperature revealed that the obtained films are a new compound with ...
Ota Masaki - - 2011
Effects of oxygen and nitrate on fatty acid/lipid production from a highly CO(2)-tolerant microalgal species Chlorococcum littorale were examined under photoautotrophic conditions of 295 K, a light intensity of 170 μmol-photon m(-2) s(-1), a bubbling CO(2) concentration of 5% (v/v) and bubbling oxygen concentrations to be volumetrically adjusted by mixing ...
Mohabatkar Hassan - - 2010
There are different types of cyclins, which are active during the cell cycle and enable cyclin-dependent kinases to phosphorylate different substrates. Since there is not much similarity between amino acid sequences of cyclins, predicting these proteins is an important job. This paper presents a bioinformatics classifier to predict cyclins based ...
Hu Mingxi - - 2010
Biofilm is bacterial population adherent to each other and to surfaces or interfaces, often enclosed by a matrix. Various biomolecules contribute to the establishment of biofilms, yet the process of building a biofilm is still under active investigation. Indole is known as a metabolite of amino acid tryptophan, which, however, ...
Erkan Nuray - - 2010
Amino acid and proximate compositions were determined in six raw and cooked marine fish species that are commonly consumed in Turkey. The changes in amino acid and proximate content were found to be significant for all cooking methods in all fish species. Cooking did, in general, significantly increase the contents ...
Deepa B - - 2011
In this work, cellulose nanofibers were extracted from banana fibers via a steam explosion technique. The chemical composition, morphology and thermal properties of the nanofibers were characterized to investigate their suitability for use in bio-based composite material applications. Chemical characterization of the banana fibers confirmed that the cellulose content was ...
Matsuhashi T - - 2011
The quality of fat is an important factor in defining the quality of meat. Fat quality is determined by the composition of fatty acids. Among lipid metabolism-related genes, including fatty acid synthesis genes, several genetic variations have been reported in the bovine fatty acid synthase (FASN), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), sterol ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the titratable acidity and effect of naturally acidic agents on the surface microhardness, elemental composition, and surface morphology of fluorapatite-leucite ceramics. One hundred and ten ceramic disks (IPS d.SIGN), 12.0 mm in diameter and 2.0 mm in thickness, were fabricated. Before immersion, the baseline ...
Whittaker Anne - - 2010
The present study was aimed at examining the effect of tuber mineral composition, distinctive for geographical location, on the expression of acrylamide precursors in three potato genotypes (Arinda, Rossa di Cetica and Sieglinde) in three Italian potato cultivation regions (Puglia, Sicily and Tuscany). Sucrose and amino acids were not correlated ...
Chen Xi - - 2010
A basalt fiber (BF) was, for the first time, introduced into a poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix as innovative reinforcement to fabricate composite materials for hard tissue repair. Firstly, BF/PLLA composites and pure PLLA were produced by the methods of solution blending and freeze drying. The results showed that basalt fibers ...
Li Guipu - - 2010
Seasonal variation in the nutrient composition of Mytilus coruscus (thick shell mussel), cultivated in Shengsi Islands, Zhejiang Province, China, was investigated in this study. Proximate composition, mineral and amino acid concentrations, as well as the compositions of the lipid and fatty acid of thick shell mussels were analyzed. Proximate composition ...
Prieto N - - 2010
The potential of X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a predictor of cuts composition and meat quality traits using a multivariate calibration method (partial least square regression, PLSR) was investigated in beef cattle. Sirloins from 88 crossbred Aberdeen Angus (AAx) and 106 Limousin (LIMx) cattle were scanned using spiral CT. Subsequently, ...
Riskin Michael - - 2010
Au nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with thioaniline and cysteine are used to assemble bis-aniline-bridged Au-NP composites on Au surfaces using an electropolymerization process. During the polymerization of the functionalized Au NPs in the presence of different amino acids, for example, L-glutamic acid, L-aspartic acid, L-histidine, and L-phenylalanine, zwitterionic interactions between the ...
Glaser Claudia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for fatty acid (FA) composition of serum glycerophospholipids (GPs) in children with a new high-throughput method. STUDY DESIGN: The GP FA composition of 1326 serum samples obtained from a cohort of 951 children at 2 and 6 years, participating in the German Influences of Lifestyle ...
Jobson Richard W - - 2010
Recent studies across animal phyla have suggested a possible link between amino acid compositional shifts and adaptive evolution across mitochondrial proteomes enabling longer lifespans. These studies examined associations of a gradual loss of cysteine (Cys) residues, increased usage of methionine (Met), and increased usage of threonine (Thr), with the evolution ...
Chiozza Mariana V - - 2010
Although soybean aphid (Aphis glycines) resistance is commercially available in the form of the Rag1 gene, the mechanism of this resistance is not fully understood. Amino acids are a limiting factor for aphid growth, and there is evidence that plant amino acid composition is related to aphid resistance. Antibiotic resistance ...
Croxton Ruth S - - 2010
The enhancement of latent fingerprints, both at the crime scene and in the laboratory using an array of chemical, physical and optical techniques, permits their use for identification. Despite the plethora of techniques available, there are occasions when latent fingerprints are not successfully enhanced. An understanding of latent fingerprint chemistry ...
Skogerson Kirsten - - 2010
This study sought to assess genetic and environmental impacts on the metabolite composition of maize grain. Gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) measured 119 identified metabolites including free amino acids, free fatty acids, sugars, organic acids, and other small molecules in a range of hybrids derived from 48 ...
Pizzarello Sandra - - 2010
Carbon-containing meteorites provide a natural sample of the extraterrestrial organic chemistry that occurred in the solar system ahead of life's origin on the Earth. Analyses of 40 years have shown the organic content of these meteorites to be materials as diverse as kerogen-like macromolecules and simpler soluble compounds such as ...
Jiao Zhe - - 2010
Unintended compositional changes in transgenic rice seeds were studied by near-infrared reflectance, GC-MS, HPLC, and ICP-AES coupled with chemometrics strategies. Three kinds of transgenic rice with resistance to fungal diseases or insect pests were comparatively studied with the nontransgenic counterparts in terms of key nutrients such as protein, amino acids, ...
Samaee S-M - - 2010
Free amino acids (FAAs) play a key role in the physiology of marine teleosts (eggs, embryos, and larvae). However, the relationship between the egg FAAs content and the production of viable embryos and larvae (at different developmental stages) in batch spawner pelagophils has not yet comprehensively been investigated. Viable eggs ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microhardness and surface elemental compositions of ceramics immersed in acidic agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five ceramic disc specimens were made from each of four types of ceramic (VMK 95, Vitadur Alpha, Empress Esthetic and IPS e.max Ceram). Before immersion, baseline data of Vicker's microhardness and elemental ...
Mailhot Genevi?ve - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e10446 in vol. 5.].
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