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Sarkar Jaya - - 2011
Many aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases prevent mistranslation by relying upon proofreading activities at multiple stages of the aminoacylation reaction. In leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS), editing activities that precede or are subsequent to tRNA charging have been identified. Although both are operational, either the pre- or post-transfer editing activity can predominate. Yeast cytoplasmic LeuRS ...
Yu Xingye - - 2011
Microbial fatty acid derivatives are emerging as promising alternatives to fossil fuel derived transportation fuels. Among bacterial fatty acid synthases (FAS), the Escherichia coli FAS is perhaps the most well studied, but little is known about its steady-state kinetic behavior. Here we describe the reconstitution of E. coli FAS using ...
Ridlon Jason M - - 2012
The human bile acid pool composition is composed of both primary bile acids (cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid) and secondary bile acids (deoxycholic acid and lithocholic acid). Secondary bile acids are formed by the 7α-dehydroxylation of primary bile acids carried out by intestinal anaerobic bacteria. We have previously described a ...
Park Yoen Ju - - 2011
Some Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains produce extracellular cellulose, a long polymer of glucose with β-1-4 glycosidic bonds. This study evaluated the efficacies of selected enzymatic and chemical treatments in inactivating STEC and degrading/removing the cellulose on STEC surfaces. Six cellulose-producing STEC strains were treated with cellulase (0.51 to ...
Zhang Xiujun - - 2011
Microbial biosynthesis of fatty acid-like chemicals from renewable carbon sources has attracted significant attention in recent years. Free fatty acids can be used as precursors for the production of fuels or chemicals. Free fatty acids can be produced by introducing an acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase gene into Escherichia coli. The ...
Lennen Rebecca M - - 2011
Microbially produced fatty acids are potential precursors to high-energy-density biofuels, including alkanes and alkyl ethyl esters, by either catalytic conversion of free fatty acids (FFAs) or enzymatic conversion of acyl-acyl carrier protein or acyl-coenzyme A intermediates. Metabolic engineering efforts aimed at overproducing FFAs in Escherichia coli have achieved less than ...
Takahashi N - - 2011
Dental caries is initiated by demineralization of the tooth surface through acid production from sugar by plaque biofilm. Fluoride and xylitol have been used worldwide as caries-preventive reagents, based on in vitro-proven inhibitory mechanisms on bacterial acid production. We attempted to confirm the inhibitory mechanisms of fluoride and xylitol in ...
Ragasa Consolacion Y - - 2011
The freeze-dried bark of Barringtonia asiatica afforded a new triterpene: (3β,11α)-11-hydroxyolean-12-en-3-yl palmitate (1). The bark also yielded mixtures of (3β)-olean-12-en-3-yl palmitate (2a), (3β)-urs-12-en-3-yl palmitate (2b) and (3β)-olean-18-en-3-yl palmitate (2c) in a 2 : 1 : 4 ratio; β-amyrin (3a), α-amyrin (3b) and germanicol (3c) in a 3 : 1 : 4 ratio; 22-O-tigloylcamelliagenin A (4a) and betulinic acid ...
Johnson David B F DB The Jack H. Skirball Center for Chemical Biology and Proteomics, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, - - 2011
Stop codons have been exploited for genetic incorporation of unnatural amino acids (Uaas) in live cells, but their low incorporation efficiency, which is possibly due to competition from release factors, limits the power and scope of this technology. Here we show that the reportedly essential release factor 1 (RF1) can ...
Pech-Canul Ángel - - 2011
FadD is an acyl coenzyme A (CoA) synthetase responsible for the activation of exogenous long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) into acyl-CoAs. Mutation of fadD in the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti promotes swarming motility and leads to defects in nodulation of alfalfa plants. In this study, we found that S. meliloti ...
Zhang Xiujun - - 2011
The microbial biosynthesis of free fatty acid, which can be used as precursors for the production of fuels or chemicals from renewable carbon sources, has attracted significant attention in recent years. Free fatty acids can be produced by introducing an acyl-carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase (TE) gene into Escherichia coli. The ...
Kumar Manoj - - 2011
Here we report the design of a bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)-based sensing system that could detect nucleic acid target in 5min with high sensitivity and selectivity. The sensing system is based on adjacent binding of oligonucleotide probes labeled with Renilla luciferase (Rluc) and quantum dot (Qd) on the nucleic ...
Binter Alexandra - - 2011
As inhibitors of chitin synthase, nikkomycins have attracted interest as potential antibiotics. The biosynthetic pathway to these peptide nucleosides in Streptomyces tendae is only partially known. In order to elucidate the last step of the biosynthesis of the aminohexuronic building block, we have heterologously expressed a predicted aminotransferase encoded by ...
Roy Sumita - - 2011
The major bacterial pathogens associated with periodontitis include Tannerella forsythia. We previously discovered that sialic acid stimulates biofilm growth of T. forsythia, and that sialidase activity is key to utilization of sialoconjugate sugars and is involved in host-pathogen interactions in vitro. The aim of this work was to assess the ...
Dobretsov Sergey - - 2011
Seventy eight natural products from chemical libraries containing compounds from marine organisms (sponges, algae, fungi, tunicates and cyanobacteria) and terrestrial plants, were screened for the inhibition of bacterial quorum sensing (QS) using a reporter strain Chromobacterium violaceum CV017. About half of the natural products did not show any QS inhibition. ...
Liu Huaiwei - - 2011
An engineered Escherichia coli was constructed to produce d-xylonic acid, one of the top 30 high-value chemicals identified by US Department of Energy. The native pathway for d-xylose catabolism in E. coli W3110 was blocked by disrupting xylose isomerase (XI) and xylulose kinase (XK) genes. The native pathway for xylonic ...
Zhang Rui - - 2011
Microbial phytases play a major role in the mineralization of organic phosphorous, especially in symbiotic plants and animals. In this study, we identified two types of phytases in Serratia sp. TN49 that was harbored in the gut of Batocera horsfieldi (Coleoptera) larvae. The two phytases, an acidic histidine acid phosphatase ...
Hochbaum Allon I - - 2011
Biofilms are communities of cells held together by a self-produced extracellular matrix typically consisting of protein, exopolysaccharide, and often DNA. A natural signal for biofilm disassembly in Bacillus subtilis is certain D-amino acids, which are incorporated into the peptidoglycan and trigger the release of the protein component of the matrix. ...
Adler Jeremy M - - 2011
Brine solution injection of beef contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 on its surface may lead to internalization of pathogen cells and/or cross-contamination of the brine, which when recirculated, may serve as a source of new product contamination. This study evaluated survival of E. coli O157:H7 in brines formulated without or ...
Wei Qing-Yi - - 2011
Cinnamaldehyde is a well-established natural antimicrobial compound. It is probable for cinnamaldehyde to react with amino acid forming Schiff base adduct in real food system. In this paper, 9 such kind of adducts were prepared by the direct reaction of amino acids with cinnamaldehyde at room temperature. Their antimicrobial activities ...
Husniza H - - 2011
Assessment of amino acid decarboxylase activity can be conducted using tubed broth or plated agar. In this study, the test was carried out in microtitre plates containing lysine, ornithine, arginine, tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine or histidine as biogenic amine precursors. Møller decarboxylase base broth (MDB) with or without 1% of a ...
Liang Li-Ya - - 2011
Escherichia coli NZN111 is a double mutant with inactivated lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate formate-lyase. It cannot utilize glucose anaerobically because of its unusually high intracellular NADH/NAD(+) ratio. We have now constructed a recombinant strain, E. coli NZN111/pTrc99a-mdh, which, during anaerobic fermentation, produced 4.3 g succinic acid l(-1) from 13.5 g glucose l(-1). The NADH/NAD(+) ratio ...
Meesapyodsuk Dauenpen - - 2011
While oat (Avena sativa) has long been known to produce epoxy fatty acids in seeds, synthesized by a peroxygenase pathway, the gene encoding the peroxygenase remains to be determined. Here we report identification of a peroxygenase cDNA AsPXG1 from developing seeds of oat. AsPXG1 is a small protein with 249 ...
Feng Youjun - - 2011
Glycerol-3-phosphate (sn-glycerol-3-P, G3P) acyltransferase catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids, the acylation of G3P to form 1-acyl G3P (lysophosphatidic acid). The paradigm G3P acyltransferase is the Escherichia coli plsB gene product which acylates position-1 of G3P using fatty acids in thioester linkage to either acyl ...
Mazimba Ofentse - - 2011
The investigation of Tylosema esculentum (Morama) husks, cotyledons, and tuber yielded griffonilide 2, compound 1, griffonin 3, gallic acid 4, protocatechuic acid 5, β-sitosterol 6, behenic acid 7, oleic acid 8, sucrose 9, 2-O-ethyl-α-d-glucopyranoside 10, kaempferol 11 and kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside 12. The structures of the isolates were determined by NMR, HR-TOF ...
Takala P N - - 2011
Radiosensitization of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, and aerobic microflora was evaluated in broccoli florets coated by antimicrobial coatings and treated with different doses of γ-radiation. Broccoli florets were inoculated with aerobic microflora isolated from broccoli and with pathogenic bacteria (L. monocytogenes, E. coli, and Salmonella Typhimurium) at 10(6) ...
Badger John - - 2011
LpxD is a bacterial protein that is part of the biosynthesis pathway of lipid A and is responsible for transferring 3-hydroxymyristic acid from the R-3-hydroxymyristoyl-acyl carrier protein to the 2-OH group of UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxymyristoyl) glucosamine. The crystal structure of LpxD from Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been determined at high resolution (1.3 Å). The ...
Stincone Anna - - 2011
In order to develop an infection, diarrhogenic Escherichia coli has to pass through the stomach, where the pH can be as low as 1. Mechanisms that enable E. coli to survive in low pH are thus potentially relevant for pathogenicity. Four acid response systems involved in reducing the concentration of ...
Correia Vanessa G - - 2011
A method using supercritical CO(2) to obtain biocompatible 2-oxazoline-based oligomers quaternized with different amines is described. The synthesized oligo(2-oxazoline)s display partial carbamic-acid insertion at one end. The syntheses of quaternary oligo(2-bisoxazoline)s and linear oligoethylenimine hydrochlorides are reported. Oligo(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) and oligo(2-bisoxazoline) quaternized with N,N-dimethyldodecylamine are the most efficient biocidal agents showing ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2011
The Phaeodactylum tricornutum (P. tricornutum) thioesterase PtTE was encoded by a 648 bp open reading frame. The deduced 216 amino acids showed no similarity with plant acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases and bacterial thioesterases. Southern blot analysis revealed that one copy of PtTE was present in the P. tricornutum genome, ...
Lu Huiying J - - 2011
Outbreaks of disease due to vegetative bacterial pathogens associated with acid foods (such as apple cider) have raised concerns about acidified vegetables and related products that have a similar pH (3.2 to 4.0). Escherichia coli O157:H7 and related strains of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) have been identified as the most ...
Park Sang-Hyun - - 2011
This study was undertaken to investigate the antimicrobial effect of organic acids against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes on whole red organic apples and lettuce. Several studies have been conducted to evaluate organic acids as sanitizers. However, no studies have compared antimicrobial effects of various organic acids on organic fresh produce, including evaluation ...
Ali F - - 2011
The present study focused on the antibacterial and biofilm inhibitory potential of 4-epi-pimaric acid isolated from aerial parts (stem and leaves) of Aralia cachemirica L. (Araliaceae) against oral cavity pathogens. 4-epi-Pimaric acid exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in the range of 4-16 μg/ml and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) two- to four-folds ...
Hasegawa Akio - - 2011
Acidic and osmotic treatments are part of hurdle systems to control pathogens such as Salmonella in food. In the current study, Salmonella enterica isolates previously shown to differ in their ability to form biofilms were grown in diluted tryptic soy broth (TSB) (1:5 dilution in distilled water) and subsequently exposed ...
Johnson Matthew D - - 2011
RcsB interacts with GadE to mediate acid resistance in stationary-phase Escherichia coli K-12. We show here that RcsB is also required for inducible acid resistance in exponential phase and that it acts on promoters that are not GadE regulated. It is also required for acid resistance in E. coli O157:H7.
Jeon Eunyoung - - 2011
The goal of this research was to develop recombinant Escherichia coli to improve fatty acid synthesis (FAS). Genes encoding acetyl-CoA carboxylase (accA, accB, accC), malonyl-CoA-[acyl-carrier-protein] transacylase (fabD), and acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase (EC 3.1.2.14 gene), which are all enzymes that catalyze key steps in the synthesis of fatty acids, were ...
Trojánek Antonín - - 2011
The catalytic effect of tetraphenylporphyrin on the oxygen reduction with ferrocene in 1,2-dichloroethane can be finely tuned by varying the molar ratio of the acid to the catalyst present in the solution. The mechanism involves binding of molecular oxygen to the protonated free porphyrin base, in competition with ion pairing ...
Smith Brennan K - - 2011
FAT/CD36, a plasma membrane fatty-acid transport protein, has been found on mitochondrial membranes, however it remains unclear where FAT/CD36 resides on this organelle or its functional role within mitochondria. We demonstrate, using several different approaches, that in skeletal muscle FAT/CD36 resides on the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). To determine the ...
Lillo Luis - - 2011
This study reports the antibacterial activity of an oligosaccharide, prepared by partial acid hydrolysis of a native Paecilomyces sp. exopolysaccharide, and of its aminoglycosylated derivative, prepared by reductive alkylation of the oligosaccharide, against E. coli and S. aureus.
Zou Dongsheng - - 2011
Supersecondary structures (SSSs) are the building blocks of protein 3D structures. Accurate prediction of SSSs can be one important step toward building a tertiary structure from the specified secondary structure. How to improve the accuracy of prediction of SSSs by effectively incorporating the sequence order effects is an important and ...
Lechardeur Delphine - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a phylogenetically diverse group named for their main attribute in food fermentations, that is, production of lactic acid. However, several LAB are genetically equipped for aerobic respiration metabolism when provided with exogenous sources of heme (and menaquinones for some species). Respiration metabolism is energetically favorable ...
Szymańska Grazyna - - 2011
For L-aspartic acid biosynthesis, high production cells of Escherichia coli mutant B-715 and P1 were immobilized in chitosan gel using a technique developed in our laboratory. The immobilization process reduced initial activity of the intact cells, however, the biocatalyst produced was very stabile for long-term use in multi-repeated batch or ...
Raja Alsaba F - - 2011
Boswellic acids mixture of triterpenic acids obtained from the oleo gum resin of Boswellia serrata and known for its effectiveness in the treatment of chronic inflammatory disease including peritumor edema. Boswellic acids have been extensively studied for a number of activities including anti inflammatory, antitumor, immunomodulatory, and inflammatory bowel diseases. ...
Coddens Annelies - - 2011
Enterotoxigenic F4-fimbriated Escherichia coli is associated with diarrheal disease in neonatal and postweaning pigs. The F4 fimbriae mediate attachment of the bacteria to the pig intestinal epithelium, enabling an efficient delivery of diarrhea-inducing enterotoxins to the target epithelial cells. There are three variants of F4 fimbriae designated F4ab, F4ac and ...
Duan Yangkai - - 2011
Biodiesel is a renewable alternative to petroleum diesel fuel that can contribute to carbon dioxide emission reduction and energy supply. Biodiesel is composed of fatty acid alkyl esters, including fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), and is currently produced through the transesterification reaction of methanol ...
Larance Mark M Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2011
We describe an approach for accurate quantitation of global protein dynamics in Caenorhabditis elegans. We adapted stable-isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) for nematodes by feeding worms a heavy lysine- and heavy arginine-labeled Escherichia coli strain and report a genetic solution to elminate the problem of arginine-to-proline ...
Chohany Lucas E - - 2010
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of 1,4-dienes to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. The best substrates are anions of fatty acids; for example, linoleate is converted to 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoate. The manner in which SBLO-1 binds substrates is uncertain. In the present work, it was found that SBLO-1 will oxygenate linoleyltrimethylammonium ion ...
Połomska M - - 2011
New bio-inspired polymer composites of alginic acid and benzimidazole were created and characterized by FT NIR Raman spectroscopy. The obtained films with 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:1.5 molar ratio are homogeneous, with good mechanical properties. Raman spectra recorded at room temperature revealed that the obtained films are a new compound with ...
Ota Masaki - - 2011
Effects of oxygen and nitrate on fatty acid/lipid production from a highly CO(2)-tolerant microalgal species Chlorococcum littorale were examined under photoautotrophic conditions of 295 K, a light intensity of 170 μmol-photon m(-2) s(-1), a bubbling CO(2) concentration of 5% (v/v) and bubbling oxygen concentrations to be volumetrically adjusted by mixing ...
Mohabatkar Hassan - - 2010
There are different types of cyclins, which are active during the cell cycle and enable cyclin-dependent kinases to phosphorylate different substrates. Since there is not much similarity between amino acid sequences of cyclins, predicting these proteins is an important job. This paper presents a bioinformatics classifier to predict cyclins based ...
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