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Results 451 - 500 of 607
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Streeter J G - - 1987
Nitrate supplied to legume plants inhibits the activity of nitrogenase in Rhizobium bacteroids in root nodules. The accumulation of amino N which is known to occur in Glycine max (L.) Merr. nodules as nitrogenase activity declines was studied in more detail by analysis of changes in free amino acid composition ...
Ejeta G - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro digestibility, protein distribution patterns, and amino acid composition of pearl millet with other major cereals. Digestibility values for the pearl millet varieties were higher than that of sorghum and comparable to that of maize. In contrast to sorghum, digestibility of ...
Xu C S - - 1987
Two forms of Thy-1 homologues of apparent mol. wt of 25,000 (designated BTp25) and 45,000 (designated BTp45) were isolated from bovine thymocyte membrane by solubilization, affinity chromatography with Con A, and preparative SDS-PAGE. Both forms reacted with a rabbit antiserum to murine Thy-1 in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). BTp45 ...
Krupa Z - - 1987
Light harvesting complex II (LHCII) was purified from cold-hardened (RH) and nonhardened winter rye (RNH) (Secale cereale L. cv Puma) employing a modified procedure of JJ Burke, CL Ditto, CJ Arntzen (Arch Biochem Biophys 187: 252-263). Triton X-100 solubilization of thylakoid membranes followed by three successive precipitations with 100 mm ...
Portaels F - - 1987
The long-chain components of 75 strains of mycobacteria, cultivated from Mycobacterium leprae-infected or non-infected armadillos, and of eight clinical and 15 environmental isolates of M. gordonae, were compared. Four major groups could be distinguished based on the presence of 10-methyloctadecanoic (tuberculostearic) and 2-methyl 3-hydroxyeicosanoic acids and secondary alcohols (2-octadecanol and ...
Aubert N - - 1987
Sephadex derivatives bearing carboxymethyl, sulphonated benzylamine and amino acid groups exhibit heparin-like behaviour as demonstrated by the kinetic study of the thrombin inactivation in the presence of antithrombin III. Furthermore, whatever the chemical composition of these hydrogels, the diffusion coefficient of thrombin remained approximately constant and could not be connected ...
Prakash D - - 1987
Twenty one cultivars of winged bean (17 of Indian origin and 4 exotic strains obtained from Sri Lanka) were cultivated on marginal (alkaline) soils in the sub-tropics and evaluated for their food value. Whereas the seeds showed wide variations in total protein content (38.1 to 45 per cent), the amino ...
Vancura A - - 1987
The composition of fatty acids and the spectrum of macrolide antibiotics produced in 7 mutant strains of Streptomyces fradiae, a tylosin producer, were investigated. The strains under investigation differed in the production level and representation of individual tylosin-like compounds. The composition of fatty acids in the mycelium did not depend ...
Fisher D B - - 1986
The amino acid composition of endosperm cavity sap and of sieve tube saps from the flag leaf, peduncle, rachis, grain pedicel, and grain were determined for wheat plants just past the mid-half of grain filling. On a mole percent basis, glutamine accounted for almost half of the amino acids in ...
Rasoamananjara D - - 1986
Seventy-four Flavobacterium strains were characterized by gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of volatile fatty acids produced in the culture medium. Principal components analysis permitted the graphic representation of the relative positions of the different strains, and aggregation according to the variance enabled a hierarchical classification to be established. The study revealed three ...
Nakagawa Y - - 1986
The effect of administering p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric (clofibric) acid to rats on the molecular species composition of diacyl-glycerophosphocholine (GPC) of rat liver microsomes was studied. Microsomal choline glycerophospholipids were converted to 1,2-diradyl-3-acetylglycerol and were separated into molecular species by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Diacyl-GPC consisted of 17 different molecular species. The ...
Nakamura Y - - 1986
Elastin from both elastofibroma and control skin samples was analyzed by means of pancreatic elastase digestion and subsequent biochemical studies, such as for elastin content and amino acid composition. Elastin of elastofibroma was more resistant to elastase digestion than that of controls. Elastin content was increased almost twice (wet weight) ...
Hadar Y - - 1986
Pleurotus ostreatus ;Florida' was grown in submerged liquid culture. The biomass yield of the fungus, grown for 3 days in 2-liter fermentors, where the mycelial pellets measuring 5 mm in diameter were formed, was 11.7 g (dry weight)/liter. Comparing the chemical constituents of fruiting bodies produced on cotton straw and ...
Chiou S H - - 1986
A systematic biochemical comparison has been made of the crystallins isolated from the lenses of five different species belonging to the five major classes of vertebrates. Gel-permeation chromatography of the lens homogenates on Fractogel TSK HW-55(S) revealed well-defined elution patterns with a characteristic distribution of different classes of crystallins from ...
Fung L W - - 1986
Human erythrocyte spectrin molecules exhibit relatively sharp (30-50 Hz) proton NMR signals in the aliphatic region. A standard solvent presaturation pulse sequence that also partially suppresses the broad envelope from protons with rigid structures in spectrin and selectively enhances the sharp resonances has been used to characterize the behavior of ...
Hidiroglou M - - 1986
Twenty-three Hereford X Shorthorn cattle were used to evaluate the effects of seasonal and dietary changes on the mineral composition (Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn, and S) of hooves. A seasonal pattern was found in the Ca, Mg, and Zn composition of hooves in the 12 cattle evaluated in 1982 and ...
Luque-Romero M M - - 1986
The heterogeneity of an aspartic acid-containing thermal polymer population has been studied by anion exchange chromatography, amino acid analysis of the resulting fractions and data processing by the principal components method. By using stepwise or continuous gradients of ionic strength both saw-toothed or bell-shaped elution profiles were obtained. This behaviour ...
Viani P - - 1986
Simple study models characteristic for lamellar organization of distearoylphosphatidylcholine and sulfatide have been prepared for fluorospectroscopic investigations on the influence of these glycolipids on the chemico-physical properties of lecithin bilayers. The motion of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene in mixed lecithin-sulfatide bilayers changed with temperature, with the compositional ratio of the two lipids, with ...
Vasyurenko Z P - - 1986
The paper reviews data on the fatty acid composition of bacteria as a taxonomic criterion useful for the identification of bacteria and specifying their classification. Variations in the fatty acid composition of bacteria associated with culturing conditions and due largely to the adaptive role of fatty acids in the bacterial ...
Fauquet C - - 1986
The amino acid composition (AAC) of the coat proteins (CPs) of 126 plant viruses or strains were analyzed by stepwise discriminant analysis. The criteria chosen for discrimination were: the structure of virus particles (3 clusters); the mode of of transmission of the viruses (6 clusters); and the grouping of viruses ...
Stanley-Samuelson D W - - 1986
We detail the fatty acid compositions of last larval instars of two lepidopterans, Spodoptera frugiperda and Trichoplusia ni, two tissues from T. ni, a cell line derived from each species and the respective larval and cell culture media. Larval whole-body and specific tissue fatty acid profiles exhibited the major features ...
Mickelson J K - - 1985
The MM isozyme of creatine kinase can be separated into four subtypes by isoelectric focusing: MM3 (pI 6.90), MM2 (pI 6.70), MM1 (pI 6.45), and MMx (pI 6.25). Individual subtypes were produced and purified from canine heart and then separated by chromatofocusing. Subtypes could not be distinguished by relative molecular ...
Anderson D M - - 1985
Six Iranian and seven Turkish samples of commercial gum tragacanth, and a sample of Turkish 'gum traganton', have been studied. Their nitrogen content varied from 0.17 to 0.58%. Their amino acid compositions are characterized by the presence of very large but variable proportions of hydroxyproline and substantial proportions of serine, ...
Ferguson M A - - 1985
Cell surface glycoconjugates of epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi have been isolated and analyzed to give their amino acid and carbohydrate compositions. Those which have been investigated are a complex of three closely associated glycoproteins, GP24, GP31, GP37, and a lipopeptidophosphoglycan. The GP24-GP31-GP37 complex has an unusual amino acid composition with ...
Falanga A - - 1985
Cysteine proteinases that initiate coagulation in the absence of factor VII have been isolated from rabbit V2 carcinoma and from human amnion-chorion. Many of their biochemical properties, including a molecular weight of 68 000 and inhibition by iodoacetamide and mercury, are the same. In the paper we compare the isoelectric ...
Hashimoto H - - 1985
Sexual dimorphism was found in amino acid compositions and immunogenecity of variant types of prolactin (PRL) purified from the pituitary gland of normal adult C57BL mice by a high performance liquid chromatography. From the pituitary gland of female mice, three female variant types of PRL were isolated, whereas from the ...
Beynen A C - - 1985
The fatty acid composition of fat tissue is a valid indicator of the fatty acid composition of the diet over the preceding 1 to 3 yr. Here we describe a rapid method for sampling of buttock fat without anesthesia. On average, 35 mg can be obtained using a common blood-sampling ...
MacManus J P - - 1985
Oncomodulin, first found in tumours, turns out to be a highly conserved oncodevelopmental protein in human and rodent placentas. The human and rat placental oncomodulins were visualised immunohistochemically. The placental oncomodulins are identical to each other, and to tumour oncomodulin with respect to amino acid composition, chromatographic elution and the ...
Antoku Y - - 1985
The composition of "tightly bound fatty acids" and of loosely bound fatty acids in the erythrocyte membrane proteins from patients with myotonic dystrophy were compared with those of sex- and nearly age-matched normal controls. No significant differences could be detected in the composition of tightly bound fatty acids and there ...
Nielsen P G - - 1985
The amino acid composition of keratin from soles of patients suffering from hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma of the Unna Thost variety was investigated. Patients were divided into two groups: those without dermatophytosis and those whose hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma was complicated with a dermatophyte infection. The amino acid composition of the horny ...
Stratil A - - 1985
Basic composition and properties of isolated transferrins of Silurus glanis and Esox lucius have been compared. In transferrin of S. glanis carbohydrate is absent, but it is present in transferrin of E. lucius (2.5%). The N-terminal amino acid is alanine in both species. Mol. wts are 68,400 (S. glanis) and ...
Saglio P - - 1985
Free amino acid contents in skin extracts and influence of food and starvation on free amino acid content in skin mucus were analysed in sexually immature goldfish. Free amino acid concentration in skin mucus (91.1 mumol/g dry wt) was higher than in deep skin (54 mumol/g) or in whole skin ...
Trugo N M - - 1984
CB-1A chemical characterization comprised the determination of nitrogen (Kjeldhal: 15.5%: amino acid composition: 17.5%), total (6.8%) and reducing (1.6%) carbohydrates, amino acid composition (Lys4, His1, Arg11, Asp3, Thr1, Ser7, Glu16, Pro2, Gly5, Ala3, Cys6, Val3, Met1, Ile3, Leu4, Tyr1, Phe1; 82 residues). Its behaviour under several TCA concentrations, ultraviolet absorption ...
Dumsha T C - - 1984
Dentin-bonding materials, ferric oxylate (FO), addition reaction between N-phenylglycine and glycidyl methacrylate (NPG-GMA), and addition reaction product of pyromellitic acid dianhydride and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (PMDM), were tested together for their ability to inhibit marginal leakage in Class V composite restorations in vitro. Sixteen experimental teeth were pretreated with FO, NPG-GMA, ...
Cockcroft S - - 1984
The fatty acid composition of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), phosphatidate (PtdOH) and 1,2-diacylglycerol (DG) was determined in cytochalasin B-treated human neutrophils in the presence and in the absence of formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. The compositions of PtdOH and DG in stimulated cells resemble closely that of PtdOH in control cells and are quite different from ...
Burbeck S - - 1984
We report the amino acid composition of two polypeptides, p788 and p789. These polypeptides are reliable markers for neoplastic transformation in human fibroblasts. Their compositions are unusually rich in cysteine and serine. Because the recently reported amino acid sequence of mouse epidermal growth factor precursor (prepro-EGF) is also rich in ...
Prokop A - - 1984
The rationale behind KISR's involvement in SCP is explained and emphasis towards the use of aerobic thermophilic/thermotolerant methanol-utilizing bacterial cultures is stressed. An attempt is made to correlate different pilot plant harvesting procedures for biomass recovery with product quality. The latter is expressed as crude and true protein content, moisture ...
Pawlaczyk J - - 1984
11 antacid mixtures made up to simulate the preparations available on the market were prepared. These mixtures contain aluminium hydroxide gel, calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide and magnesium trisilicate. The antacid properties of the mixtures obtained were characterized by total acid consuming capacity, rate of neutralization and duration of action. It ...
Richter W O - - 1984
Different extraction methods, incomplete data on their amino acid composition and different designations according to their electrophoretic mobility result in a still somewhat unclear picture of the human neurophysins. In respect to the limited amount of human material we compared the traditional extraction method with extraction procedures after removal of ...
Rich C B - - 1984
Tropoelastin a was isolated from lathyritic chick aortae by using severe denaturing conditions for the initial extraction. The amino acid composition of this new species of tropoelastin is elastin-like in its high proportion of proline, glycine, alanine and valine. However, it differs from authentic tropoelastin b in containing a higher ...
Wróblewski H - - 1984
Spiralins were purified by agarose-suspension electrophoresis after extraction with detergents from the membranes of the following spiroplasmas: Spiroplasma citri C189, S. citri Maroc (R8A2), S. citri Scaph and the honey-bee spiroplasma B88. The four proteins (molecular mass congruent to 26,000 daltons, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate-pore gradient electrophoresis) showed ...
Abd-El-Samei M H - - 1984
The overall amino acid composition of the three varieties of Phaseolus vulgaris seeds were similar. All had a relative deficiency in the sulphur-containing amino acids, moreover, there was a negative correlation between sulphur amino acid content and the percentage of seed proteins. The lysine content of the Phaseolus seeds was ...
La Droitte P - - 1984
Strains of mouse (Swiss OF 1, DBA/2J Ico and C57 BL/6J Ico) with different sensitivities to the hypnotic effects of acute ethanol administration were also found to have differences in fatty acid composition in synaptosomal and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids. Chronic ethanol treatment altered membrane fatty acid composition in quantitatively different ...
Larkin E C - - 1983
Monkeys (Macaca radiata) were exposed to a low dose (0.64 ppm) of ozone (O3) for 8 hr each day over a 1-year period. Control monkeys were exposed to filtered air. The morphology of the red blood cell (RBC) from these monkeys was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Red cells from ...
Hille R - - 1983
The soluble ferredoxin from Thermus thermophilus was examined by Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopies and by reductive titrations. These studies demonstrate the presence of one 3Fe center, responsible for the characteristic g = 2.02 EPR signal in the oxidized protein, and one [4Fe-4S] center which is responsible for the rhombic EPR ...
Allan D - - 1983
The fatty acid compositions of 1,2-diacylglycerol and polyphosphoinositides have been determined in human erythrocyte membranes that have been incubated in the presence or in the absence of Ca2+. The results show that the diacylglycerol that is formed in Ca2+-treated membranes has a fatty acid composition closely similar to that of ...
Qvist V - - 1983
The marginal adaptation of composite restorations placed in vivo in acid-etched cavities in teeth with and without antagonists was compared. The results showed that functional mastication has a major influence on the marginal adaptation of composite restorations in the oral environment and must therefore be considered in the planning of ...
Duvillier G - - 1983
The composition of the C-terminal end of a variant surface glycoprotein from Trypanosoma equiperdum (BoTat-1 VSG) has been examined. It has been reported for two Trypanosoma brucei VSGs (Holder, A.A., Biochem. J. (1983), 209, 261-262) that ethanolamine was involved in binding the C-terminal amino acid to an oligosaccharide side chain. ...
Byrne M C - - 1983
The morphopathologic abnormalities characterizing the gangliosidoses, e.g., meganeurites and aberrant secondary neurites with associated dendritic spines and synapses, show pronounced regional variation. Because gangliosides are thought to be the causative agents, we undertook to detect possible variation in concentration or composition that would correlate with those morphologic findings. A gradient ...
Taketomi T - - 1983
Biochemical analyses were performed on the myelin isolated from the brain tissue of a patient with maple syrup urine disease. He was mostly treated by dietary management from day 8 after his birth until he died at 4 years and 5 months of age. It was found that the myelin ...
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