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Viswanathan M B - - 1999
Seeds of Teramnus labialis (L.) Spreng. (Fabaceae), used as food by Malayali tribals in the Kollihills of Salem District, Tamil Nadu in South India, were investigated for their nutritional value. These seeds were analyzed for proximate composition, total (true) seed proteins, seed protein fractions, amino acid composition, fatty acid composition, ...
Sorimachi K - - 1999
Comparison of the amino acid composition of cell-proteins using 17 amino acids has been used to investigate the biological evolution of organisms such as bacteria, blue-green alga, green alga, fungi, slime mold, protozoa and vertebrates. The degree of difference in the amino acid ratios between any two groups reflects the ...
Perrin S - - 1999
In this communication we offer data to suggest that the zebrafish swimbladder may provide a simple model of elastin injury and repair which is amenable to genetic analysis and pertinent to lung physiology. In situ hybridization of zebrafish embryos illustrated that elastin gene expression is evident in the developing gut ...
Broun P - - 1998
Higher plants exhibit extensive diversity in the composition of seed storage fatty acids. This is largely due to the presence of various combinations of double or triple bonds and hydroxyl or epoxy groups, which are synthesized by a family of structurally similar enzymes. As few as four amino acid substitutions ...
Pramanik J - - 1998
The amino acid composition of proteins and the fatty acid composition of the cell membranes were measured in Escherichia coli growing exponentially in batch culture on glucose, succinate, glycerol, pyruvate, and acetate, and growing under continuous culture conditions on glucose at dilutions rates equivalent to the growth rates of the ...
Helversen O v. - - 1998
Male bushcrickets transfer large spermatophores of up to 40% of male body mass to the females during mating. These large nuptial gifts are later consumed by the female and have been shown to affect the size and number of eggs laid after mating in some species. The composition of the ...
Schaller G - - 1998
The viscotoxin composition of the vegetative part of V. album determined by HPLC was found to be different in the three European subspecies. The characteristic differences in viscotoxin composition were not affected by the host species and by the harvesting seasons investigated. However, host-dependent differences in the total amount of ...
Ishida Y - - 1998
Pyrolysis-gas chromatography (Py-GC) combined with on-line methylation was applied to a correlation analysis between the distributions of fatty acid components in the lipids of zooplankter individuals and those of ingested algae using principal component analysis (PCA). Py-GC in the presence of organic alkali, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH), was used to estimate ...
Attin T - - 1998
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Polyacid-modified composites are recommended for use in lesions that are subjected to toothbrushing abrasion and acidic challenges, such as cervical lesions. There is little information whether these materials are able to withstand degradation due to erosive attacks and toothbrushing abrasion. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the resistance of ...
Lee S Y - - 1998
The aim of this study was to analyse the leached moieties of dental composites after storage in ethanol and organic acids of plaque and further evaluate the resultant effect on the diametral tensile strength (DTS) of the composites. Three commercial composites were used: Bis-GMA-based Z100, Bis-GMA/UDMA-based Heliomolar, and Bis-MPEPP-based Marathon ...
Kong K H - - 1998
Three tyrosinase isozymes were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from pine needles. The molecular weight of the three isozymes (P1, P2 and P3) were approximately 65,000, 50,000 and 45,000, and the pI values were 6.2, 5.9 and 5.3, respectively. The three isozymes have a number of common properties. These include amino ...
Goodrich-Tanrikulu M - - 1998
Fatty acid composition was determined during several stages of sexual development in Neurospora crassa. Triacylglycerol was the predominant acyl lipid in cultures undergoing sexual development. The absolute amounts of triacylglycerol in fertilized cultures varied over time, in contrast to control (unfertilized or mock-fertilized) cultures, in which the amount of triacylglycerol ...
Garcia G E - - 1998
A small, heat stable chromophore extracted from mosquitoes has recently been implicated as the signal that induces mating of Plasmodium, the malaria parasite. We have used high resolution electrospray mass spectrometry to determine that this gamete activation factor (GAF) has a m/z = 205.0450, suggesting a molecular species composition of ...
Mahan D C - - 1998
The amino acid composition of the body components (carcass, hair, whole blood, and a composite of the other body tissues) were determined from a total of 81 crossbred pigs at 10 weight intervals from birth to 145 kg body weight. Body component amino acid compositions (g/100 g protein) were multiplied ...
López C S - - 1998
The envelope properties of B. subtilis cultures grown in LB and LBN hyperosmotic media (LB + 1.5 M NaCl) were compared. Since hypertonic cultures showed a Spo-phenotype, a Spo-mutant grown in LB was also analyzed. LBN cultures showed extensive filamentation and presented different sensitivities toward phage infection (phi29 and phi105), ...
Pruski A M - - 1997
Three sulphur-amino acids, taurine, hypotaurine and thiotaurine, are shown to exist in deep-sea symbiotic mussels. Their relative and absolute importance differs in the three species of mussels studied and seems to be related to the metabolism of the symbionts. Thiotaurine only occurs in high concentration in thiotrophic species, whereas hypotaurine ...
Church J S - - 1997
Wool fibers are comprised of proteins known as alpha-keratins and have a complex morphological structure. The major components of this structure, the cuticle and cortical cells, differ in the conformations of their chains as well as their amino acid compositions. High quality Fourier transform Raman spectra of cortical and cuticle ...
Heiba H I - - 1997
Fatty acid compositions of twelve algal species from two different classes were determined. Three Chlorophyta species (Acetabularia calyculus, Cladophora sericoides and Dictyosphaeria cavernosa) and nine Phaeophyta species (Colpomenia sinuosa, Cystoseria trinodis, Dictyota cervicornis, Hormophysa triquetra, Padina gymnospora, Sargassum binderi, S. boveanum, S. denticulatum and S. heteromorpha) were investigated. Thirty-four fatty ...
Xing W - - 1996
The effects of 21 amino acids on sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in human lymphocytes were investigated. Addition of each of the 21 amino acids, originally in a composition of the culture medium RPMI 1640, at three different concentrations (10 micrograms/ml, 50 micrograms/ml and 100 micrograms/ml) caused a dose-independent increase in SCE ...
Stahl P D - - 1996
Cellular fatty acid composition of 100 different filamentous fungi, including oomycetes, zygomycetes, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, and sterile mycelia, was analyzed to determine if they can be differentiated from one another on this basis and how minor variations in culture temperature and age affect this characteristic. Many fungi were found to possess ...
Hollis D G - - 1996
Twenty strains of glucose-utilizing, small gram-negative slightly pleomorphic rods that grew well aerobically and that were isolated from clinical specimens formed a phenotypically similar group that was designated CDC group IIc. The phenotypic characteristics of CDC group IIc were most similar to those of CDC groups IIe and IIh, the ...
Flaherty C - - 1996
Rhodococcus rhodnii N445 was investigated for the presence of macroamphiphilic lipoglycan. Purification of a hot phenol-water extract by hydrophobic interaction chromatography allowed the resolution of three lipoglycan fractions. The two main preparations contained lipoglycans with carbohydrate compositions consistent with the presence of lipoarabinomannan and lipomannan, whilst the minor fraction appeared ...
de Gee A J - - 1996
The purpose of this investigation was to test the effect of an enzymatic and an acidic medium on in vitro wear of dental resin composites and an amalgam. Wear was evaluated in two-body and three-body wear conditions. The third body was a food slurry either in water, an esterase solution ...
Stefanini G F - - 1996
After 10 months of alcohol abstinence a malnourished alcoholic patient improved his nutritional status. The analysis of peripheral blood lymphocyte response to mitogenic stimulation with the antibody anti-CD3 and of the fatty acid composition of the (poly)-phosphoinositide fraction derived from lymphocytes revealed: 1) a similar [3H]-thymidine uptake as in control ...
Bernard N - - 1996
The precipitation equilibria of hen egg-white lysozyme and bovine serum albumin from aqueous solutions by caprylic acid were studied. A thermodynamic equilibrium was obtained, and the compositions of both the precipitate and the aqueous phases were measured to establish phase diagrams for both systems. The precipitate was not pure protein, ...
Blume-Peytavi U - - 1996
Structural hair changes may be the expression of a genetic disorder affecting hair growth, part of a congenital syndrome with accompanying hair malformations, or a marker for an underlying metabolic disorder. We report a 22-month-old Turkish girl and her 10-month-old brother, whose scalp hair became fragile and sparse at about ...
Ekborg-Ott K H - - 1996
Even though amino acids are important trace components in the brewing of beers, they have not been extensively evaluated in these beverages. Studies involving the enantiomeric composition of these amino acids are even less prevalent. A brief summary of the brewing process for malt beverages is given. The total concentration ...
Santos A C - - 1996
Pachyrhizus erosus seeds were analysed for proximate composition, minerals, protein fractions, antinutritional factors, and rotenoids. The seeds showed a high content of proteins, lipids, Fe and Ca, in comparison to other legumes. Glutelins constitute the highest protein fraction, followed by globulins. Antinutritional substances detected as tannins, hemagglutinating activity and trypsin ...
Rhodes J - - 1996
Ingestion, excretion and respiration in aphids were studied using artificial diets labelled with radioactive sucrose or amino acids. The rate of ingestion of a 25 % w/v sucrose diet was 12.4 nl mg-1 h-1 and the honeydew excretion rate was 5.3 nl mg-1 h-1, about 43 % of the volume ...
Monden T - - 1995
The self-induced endogenous elicitor isolated from potato having molecular weight 9200 was degraded with trifluoroacetic acid to determine the sugar composition. The requisite composition of the elicitor was estimated to be a 2:3:4:7 mixture of galactose, rhamnose, arabinose, and galacturonic acid. Furthermore, the structure of oligogalacturonic acid moiety was found ...
Patrickios C S - - 1995
Experimental isoelectric points and amino acid compositional data for 58 proteins were compiled and organized. The experimental isoelectric points correlated well with the acidic to basic amino acid molar ratio. This agreement proved the usefulness of a recently presented analytical expression correlating explicitly protein isoelectric point to acid-base composition. Regressed ...
Arroyo C M - - 1995
Ointment formulations of reactive topical skin protectants (rTSPs) or topical skin protectants (TSPs) based on perfluorinated polyether material (PFPE, i.e., fomblin RT-15) were prepared and spin labeled. Four N-oxyl-4-4'-dimethyloxazolidine derivatives of stearic acid, 5-NS, 7-NS, 12-NS, and 16-NS, were used as spin probes. The spin-labeled vehicle, fomblin-RT-15, and vehicle containing ...
Cobos A - - 1995
The differences in the chemical and fatty acid compositions between the meats of five Spanish wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and five Spanish wild hares (Lepus europaeus) for foreleg, loin, hindleg and perirenal fat have been studied. Only significant differences (P < 0.05) in the meat chemical composition were observed between ...
Sotelo A - - 1995
Five wild Phaseolus vulgaris beans were compared with five cultivated Phaseolus vulgaris beans in proximate composition, total (true) protein, amino acid composition, and toxic and antinutritional factors. The wild beans contained more protein (25.5% vs. 21.7%), ash (5.15 vs. 4.15%), crude fiber (7.08% vs. 5.04%) compared to cultivated beans while ...
Mohan V R - - 1994
Two germplasms of the tribal pulse, Bauhinia racemosa Lamk. viz., Ayyanarkoil Forest and Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary, were analysed for proximate composition, total (true) seed proteins, seed protein fractions, amino acid composition, fatty acids, minerals and antinutritional factors. Crude proteins, crude lipids, ash and nitrogen free extractives constituted 19.84%, 9.52%, 3.31% ...
Frey J R - - 1994
We determined the amino acid composition of proteins of Sp2 hybridoma cells by a procedure which assembles the information on the polypeptides upon two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, such that biosynthetic labeling with 20 different 3H amino acids provides the data--spot intensities--on the relative representation of the detected polypeptides. The gels were ...
Flores M P - - 1994
1. The chemical composition, and amino acid and starch bioavailabilities of 18 triticale varieties were studied. In addition, the water soluble pentosan (WSP) content of 8 varieties was determined. 2. A wide variation in protein (149 to 203 g/kg DM), starch (563 to 629 g/kg DM) and WSP (27.7 to ...
Crause J C - - 1994
Cross-reactivity between all the paralysis inducing tick species of veterinary relevance in Africa was demonstrated, by using a monoclonal antibody directed against the paralysis inducing toxin of Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi. Western blot results, together with amino acid composition studies indicated that this monoclonal antibody recognizes protein bands of similar molecular ...
Murata K - - 1993
High- and low-molecular weight spawning-female-specific (H-SF and L-SF) substances are liver-derived putative precursors of the inner layer of egg envelope of the medaka Oryzias latipes, and are also found in the ascites which are accumulated in the male fish on prolonged treatment with oestrogen. In the present study, the H-SF ...
Vijayakumari K - - 1993
Proximate and mineral composition, seed protein fractions, amino acid composition, fatty acid profiles and antinutritional factors were analysed for the seeds of the tribal pulse, Bauhinia malabarica. The seeds contained higher amount of crude lipid when compared with most of the domesticated pulses. The seeds were rich in minerals like ...
Peterson C L - - 1993
The composition and antacid properties of 10 samples of crystalline antacids containing both aluminum and magnesium were determined. The composition was found to vary significantly, even within the same type of antacid. For example, three of four hydrotalcite samples exhibit evidence of the presence of a minor phase of amorphous ...
Käkelä R - - 1993
1. The main differences in fatty acid composition of blubber between the Saimaa seal (Phoca hispida saimensis) and the Baltic seals (Phoca hispida botnica and Halichoerus grypus) were, that in fresh water the proportions of polyunsaturated C18 acids and arachidonic acid (20:4 omega 6) were high. 2. The trend became ...
Schlömann M - - 1993
Dienelactone hydrolases have previously been shown to play a crucial role in chlorocatechol degradation via the modified ortho cleavage pathway. Recently, the enzymes induced in 4-fluorobenzoate-utilizing bacteria have been classified into three groups on the basis of their specificity towards cis- and trans-dienelactone. The dienelactone hydrolase and the 3-oxoadipate enol-lactone ...
Portaels F - - 1993
The biochemical properties and fatty acid compositions of 16 strains of Mycobacterium haemophilum from Australian patients were studied. The strains proved to be indistinguishable from each other but could readily be differentiated from other slowly growing mycobacteria with similar cultural features. Mycolic acid analyses revealed the presence of alpha-, methoxy-, ...
O'Donnell A G - - 1994
Fifty-four carboxydotrophic actinomycetes isolated from soils and composts were compared through 119 unit characters with representative mesophilic and thermophilic streptomycetes. The data were examined using the Jaccard, pattern and simple matching coefficients and clustering achieved using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic averages algorithm. Acceptable cophenetic correlation and test ...
Sadaoka Y - - 1992
Optical intensity reflected at 750 nm by Reichardt's betain dye-polymer (PMMA or PEO) composite increased with an increase in humidity and was not affected by ammonia vapor. For the composites treated with hydrochloric acid, the intensity at around 590 nm decreased with an increase in ammonia concentration, and the sensitivity ...
van Kuijk F J - - 1992
The fatty acids in the human retina and the macular region were measured quantitatively (mole percent) by gas chromatography. The major fatty acids of the human retina and macula were palmitic, stearic, oleic, arachidonic, and docosahexaenoic. Surprisingly, there was much less docosahexaenoic acid in the macular region (15.9% of total) ...
Cameron M M - - 1992
Free amino acids occurring in wild Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. perfiliewi were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. For both species the total concentration of amino acids, per unit weight, is over three times greater in females than in males. Qualitative inter-sex differences in amino acid compositions were also discovered: ...
Terabayashi T - - 1992
1. Ceramide composition and N-glycolylneuraminic acid content of gangliosides from gray and white matters and myelin of cerebrum and cerebellum were analyzed in eight species belonging to the suborder Odontoceti and two species to Mystacoceti. 2. The most characteristic feature was high contents of C20:0 (10-40%) and C24 species (5-40%). ...
Orgambide G G - - 1992
A novel glycolipid was isolated by chloroform-methanol extraction of Rhizobium trifolii ANU843 cells. Compositional analysis, methylation studies, 1H NMR and spectroscopies led to the identification of a diglycosyl diacylglyceride: 1,2-di-O-acyl-3-O-[alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1----3)-O-alpha-D- mannopyranosyl]glycerol. Iso-hexadecanoic and anteiso-heptadecanoic acids were the predominant fatty acids esterifying the glyceryl moiety, but a microheterogeneity in fatty acid ...
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