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Results 401 - 450 of 1887
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Thurnhofer Saskia - - 2006
Ethyl esters (FAEE) and trideuterium-labeled methyl esters (d3-FAME) of fatty acids were prepared and investigated regarding their suitability as internal standards (IS) for the determination of fatty acids as methyl esters (FAME). On CP-Sil 88, ethyl esters of odd-numbered fatty acids eluted approximately 0.5 min after the respective FAME, and ...
Yang Xujuan - - 2006
1,4,13-Trihydroxy-eudesm-11(12)-ene, a new eudesmane derivative (3), (9E)-8,11,12-trihydroxyoctadecenoic acid methyl ester, a new fatty acid ester (2) and tianshic acid (1) were obtained from the stems of Sambucus williamsii. Their structures were elucidated by physiochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis. Both compounds 1 and 2 showed stimulating effects on alkaline phosphatase activity ...
Cinelli Giuseppe - - 2006
A lecithin/water/isooctane water-in-oil (w/o) macroemulsion was used as a host system for biotransformation reactions. In particular, the hydrolytic activity of the yeast Rhodotorula minuta toward (+/-)-succinic acid bis-2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexyl ester and p-nitrophenyl butyrate is reported. Evidence that R. minuta entrapped in w/o macroemulsion is able to hydrolyze the p-nitrophenyl butyrate ester ...
Spasova Maya - - 2006
Fifteen amides of cinnamic, ferulic and sinapic acids with natural and unnatural C-protected amino acids have been synthesized. The amides (E)-N-(feruloyl)-L-tyrosine methyl ester (10), (E)-N-(feruloyl)-L-phenylalanine t-butyl ester (11), (E)-N-(sinapoyl)-L-tyrosine methyl ester (13) and (E)-N-(sinapoyl)-L-phenylalanine t-butyl ester (15) with a free carboxyl group of amino acids have been found in nature. ...
Katritzky Alan R - - 2006
A facile method for the activation of hydroxy-substituted carboxylic acids using benzotriazole chemistry without prior protection of the hydroxy substituents is presented. The N-acylbenzotriazole intermediates 2a-g, 6a-d, and 9a-c have been used for high-yielding synthesis of both aliphatic (3a-l) and aromatic (7a-h, 10a-f) hydroxy carboxamides. High yields of aromatic hydroxy ...
Raith Klaus - - 2006
The in-depth characterization of excipients is a prerequisite for their safe application in pharmaceutical products. In case of surfactants, this task can be a challenge, since many industrial products are mixtures of variable composition. In this work, mass spectrometric methods are applied to characterize some ethoxylated surfactants that are widely ...
Ichikawa Akio - - 2006
To investigate the resolution of secondary alcohols using 2-methoxy-2-(1-naphthyl)propionic acid (MalphaNP acid), 2-methyl-4-heptanol, one of the aggregation pheromones of Metamasius hemipterus, was resolved using (S)-MalphaNP acid. As a chiral-resolving agent, MalphaNP acid is superior to 3,3,3-trifluoro-2-methoxy-2-phenylpropionic acid (MTPA) in terms of HPLC separation and NMR shielding. A better separation of ...
Molinier Valérie - - 2006
Three families of mono-substituted sucrose fatty acid esters were prepared by enzymatic and classical synthetic procedures, and their self-assembly and self-organizational properties were investigated by thermal polarised light microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The properties were evaluated as a function of the fatty acid chain length. For the ...
Hu Shanghui - - 2006
[structure: see text] An efficient chemoenzymatic process is described for the synthesis of pelitrexol, a novel GARFT inhibitor. The remoteness of this molecule's stereocenter in the tetrahydropterin moiety from the terminal carbonyl group provided a significant challenge in synthesis. The introduction of an oxalamic ester adjacent to the stereocenter dramatically ...
Fu Nanyan - - 2006
A direct method for the preparation of phosphonamidate- and phosphonate-linked phosphonopeptides has been developed. Using this method, both phosphonopeptides were prepared in acceptable yields directly from simple and commercially available chemicals in one-pot reactions of benzyl carbamate, aldehydes, and methyl dichlorophosphite, followed by aminolysis with amino acid esters or alcoholysis ...
Kise Naoki - - 2006
[reaction: see text] The electroreduction of an aromatic imino ester prepared from (S)-glutamic acid in the presence of chlorotrimethylsilane and triethylamine afforded a four-membered cyclized product, a mixed ketal of cis-2,4-disubstituted azetidine-3-one, stereospecifically. Calculations for the transition states by the DFT method support the predominant formation of the azetidine. The ...
Knapp Spencer - - 2006
[reaction: see text] Commercial 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-alpha-d-allofuranose was converted to a protected bicyclic octosyl acid thioglycoside donor by a 10-step sequence that features an intramolecular ester enolate alkylation. Glycosylation of N-benzoyladenine and methyl uridine-5-carboxylate followed by deprotection gave the respective nucleosides "octosyl adenine" and octosyl acid A.
Cruz Patricia G - - 2006
Prorocentrum belizeanum is a dinoflagellate known for its okadaic acid (OA) and dinophysitoxins (DTXs) production, both OA and DTX are polyether toxins of the Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) group. We have recently published the isolation of a new diol-ester of okadaic acid from cultures of P. belizeanum. On this occasion ...
Murata Asako - - 2006
A novel analog of nucleic acids bearing an optically active serine ester backbone, serine-based nucleobase-linked polyester (SNE), was synthesized. Monomers containing a thymine base were synthesized from L- and D-serines. Furthermore, reaction conditions were thoroughly examined for the ester bond formation by using a new phosphonium-type condensing reagent on a ...
Le Conte Yves - - 2006
A brood pheromone identified in honeybee larvae has primer and releaser pheromone effects on adult bees. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to evaluate fatty acid esters--the pheromonal compounds--in different parts of the larvae, we have localized the source of the esters as the larval salivary glands. A histochemical study describes ...
Liu Fengyu - - 2006
8-Oxo-8H-acenaphtho[1,2-b]pyrrole-9-carboxylic acid esters and derivatives were prepared and evaluated for cytotoxicity against A549 and P388 cell lines. Based on a novel chromophore precursor 8-oxo-8H-acenaphtho[1,2-b]pyrrol-9-carbonitrile 1, the very insoluble 1 was converted to more soluble esters 5 and a series of 3-amino derivatives from 5 were obtained by mild S(N)Ar(H) reaction ...
Lutz Giselle - - 2006
The kinetics of biodegradation of palm-derived fatty methyl and ethyl esters (Elaeis guineensis biodiesel) by a wild-type aerobic bacterial population was measured at 20 degrees C, as the rate of oxygen uptake by a manometric technique. The methyl and ethyl biodiesels were obtained by potassium-hydroxide catalysed trans-esterification of palm oil, ...
Puglia Carmelo - - 2006
Novel polyoxyethylene esters of 18 beta-glycyrrhetic acid (GA) were synthesized and evaluated as potential dermal prodrugs. The permeation of these prodrugs (1a-e) was studied in-vitro, using excised human skin membranes (SCE; stratum corneum/epidermis) mounted in Franz type cells, and in-vivo, evaluating the ability of these compounds to inhibit methyl nicotinate ...
Miyazawa Toshifumi - - 2006
The generality of enantioselectivity enhancement through the modification of the alcohol moiety of a substrate ester was ascertained, for in the Bacillus subtilis protease-catalyzed hydrolysis of N-unprotected amino acid esters the enantioselectivity was enhanced largely by switching the conventional methyl ester to esters with a longer alkyl chain such as ...
Ben Jannet Hichem - - 2006
A selection of steroids, glycerides, clerodane diterpenoids, and a beta-hydroxy fatty acid methyl ester, all previously isolated from Ajuga pseudoiva leaves, were tested for their antibacterial activity toward three Gram- rods and one Gram+ coccus using the dilution method; MIC values were determined. The results suggested some importance for a ...
Mdaini Naziha - - 2006
Based on its aromatic potential, Geotrichum candidum isolated from olive vegetation water was tested for the production of volatile compounds. When G. candidum was cultivated on media with glucose as the carbon source, flavor volatile compounds were produced and accumulated in the broth. Fruity flavoring compounds (pineapple-like) such as esters ...
Krejcí Eva - - 2006
Using the established commercial system Sherlock (MIDI, Inc.), cellular fatty acid methyl ester analysis for differentiation among Burkholderia cepacia complex species was proven. The identification key based on the diagnostic fatty acids is able to discern phenotypically related Ralstonia pickettii and Pandoraea spp. and further distinguish Burkholderia pyrrocinia, Burkholderia ambifaria, ...
Di Venosa Gabriela - - 2006
PURPOSE: Porphyrins synthesised from 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) have been successfully used for the photodiagnosis and photodynamic treatment of cancer. To find a more efficient pro-photosensitiser, we synthesised two ALA esters: R,S-ALA-2-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydropyranyl ester (THP-ALA) and ALA-Undecanoyl ester (Und-ALA). METHODS: In mice bearing a subcutaneous mammary adenocarcinoma, we studied the distribution of ...
Yasuda Makoto - - 2006
[structure: see text] A cage shape causes high Lewis acidity and catalytic activity on boron. Borate esters that have cage-shaped ligands have accessible LUMO with lower eigenvalues than normal open-shaped borate esters. A large dihedral angle at C-O-B-O in cage-shaped borate esters induces less overlap between p-orbitals on O and ...
Herman David - - 2006
Ester-based organic compounds are one type of synthetic base fluid added to drilling mud used during off-shore oil-drilling operations in the Gulf of Mexico. Concern over the environmental impact of synthetic base fluid (SBF) contaminated rock cuttings discharged into the Gulf of Mexico has prompted the promulgation of EPA regulations ...
Oresmaa Larisa - - 2006
Esters of 1-(H)-imidazole-5-nitrolic acid and 1-methyl-imidazole-5-carboxamide oxime were prepared to study the effect of esterification on the ocular effects of these compounds. Esterifications were performed with acid chloride. Acid chloride also reacts with the ring nitrogen of 1-(H)-imidazole-5-nitrolic acid, but the desired esters could be selectively prepared by adjustment of ...
Shin Ho-Chul - - 2006
Amino acid ester prodrugs of antiviral and anticancer nucleoside drugs were developed to improve oral bioavailability or to reduce systemic toxicity. We studied the interaction of human concentrative nucleoside transporter (hCNT2) cloned from intestine with various amino acid ester prodrugs of floxuridine (FUdR) and 5,6-dichloro-2-bromo-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (BDCRB). Na(+)-dependent uptakes of [(3)H]-inosine ...
Kasai Yusuke - - 2006
Enantiopure Wieland-Miescher ketone (4, W-M ketone) and derivatives were prepared by the enantioresolution with 2-methoxy-2-(1-naphthyl)propionic acid (MalphaNP acid 1). Various racemic derivatives of 4 were esterified with acid (S)-(+)-1 yielding diastereomeric MalphaNP esters, which were separated by HPLC on silica gel. It was clarified that the HPLC separation of diastereomers ...
Kalscheuer Rainer - - 2006
Wax esters are esters of long-chain fatty acids and long-chain fatty alcohols which are of considerable commercial importance and are produced on a scale of 3 million tons per year. The oil from the jojoba plant (Simmondsia chinensis) is the main biological source of wax esters. Although it has a ...
Tan Tianwei - - 2006
A new process for enzymatic synthesis of biodiesel at high water content (10-20%) with 96% conversion by lipase from Candida sp. 99-125 was studied. The lipase, a no-position-specific lipase, was immobilized by a cheap cotton membrane and the membrane-immobilized lipase could be used at least six times with high conversion. ...
Lunkenbein Stefan - - 2006
Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) fruit accumulate (hydroxy)cinnamoyl glucose (Glc) esters, which may serve as the biogenetic precursors of diverse secondary metabolites, such as the flavor constituents methyl cinnamate and ethyl cinnamate. Here, we report on the isolation of a cDNA encoding a UDP-Glc:cinnamate glucosyltransferase (Fragaria x ananassa glucosyltransferase 2 [FaGT2]) ...
Feng Yan - - 2006
Ester prodrugs of the phosphinate pseudopeptide N-[(4-deoxy-4-amino-10-methyl)pteroyl]glutamate-gamma-[psiP(O)(OH)]-glutarate (1a) were synthesized. H-phosphinic acids derived from N-Cbz vinyl glycine esters were converted to the desired pseudopeptides by Michael addition to alpha-methyleneglutarate esters. Pivaloyloxymethyl (POM) ester moieties were incorporated in both the N-terminal and C-terminal fragments prior to formation of either C-P bond. ...
Kallio Heikki - - 2006
The raw cutin (i.e., extractive-free isolated cuticular membrane) fraction from Finnish berries, sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides), black currant (Ribes nigrum), cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), and bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), was depolymerized by NaOMe-catalyzed methanolysis. The composition of cutin monomers was determined by GC-(EI)MS analysis either as methyl esters or ...
Hua Kuo-Feng - - 2006
Methanolic extracts from the seagrass Zostera japonica were extracted successively using n-hexane (n-C(6)H(14)), dichloromethane (CH(2)Cl(2)), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and water to give the n-C(6)H(14) (16.8%), CH(2)Cl(2) (40.6%), EtOAc (34.1%), and H(2)O (8.5%) soluble fractions, respectively. We have demonstrated that the hexane fraction has the highest capacity to inhibit proIL-1beta expression ...
Zanatta Nilo - - 2006
This work presents a three-step synthesis of a new series of 4-substituted 2-oxo-6-trihalomethyl-[1,3]oxazinane-3-carboxylic acid ethyl esters, from beta-alkoxyvinyl trihalomethyl ketones of general formula X3C-C(O)-CH=C(R)-OR(1), where R = H, Me, Ph, and 4-Me-Ph; R(1) = Me and Et; and X = F and Cl. The Michael addition-substitution of the ethyl carbamate ...
Chaiyaso Thanongsak - - 2006
Palm fatty acid distillates (PFAD) are by-products of the palm oil refining process. Their use as the source of fatty acids, mainly palmitate, for the biocatalytic synthesis of carbohydrate fatty acid esters was investigated. Esters could be prepared in high yields from unmodified acyl donors and non-activated free fatty acids ...
Jonsson S - - 2006
Experimental data from a study using a landfill simulation reactor were used to develop and calibrate a one-dimensional distributed model of co-digestion of municipal solid waste and three phthalic acid diesters with different water solubilities. The three diesters were diethyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate. Two types of municipal ...
Garrido Narciso M - - 2006
We report the asymmetric synthesis of di-3-pentyl (3S,alphaS,7E)-3-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamino-dec-7-enedioate (9), which contains the correct functionalization to produce delta-amino acid derivatives to be used as monomers for Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) formation With this aim, thymine-pentanoic acid 15 and some of its ester derivatives were obtained, their reactivity was studied and the ...
Oresmaa Larisa - - 2006
The fragmentations of the [M+H]+ ions of imidazole amidoximes, and nitrolic acids and their esters, were studied by collision-induced dissociation experiments and by determining the accurate masses of the product ions on an electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. The fragmentation pathways of the amidoximes varied with ...
Mishra Roli - - 2006
A novel cost effective N-acylation procedure for exocyclic amino function of ribonucleosides (adenosine/guanosine/cytidine) and deoxynucleosides (adenosine/guanosine/cytidine) has been developed. In the present method the acids used for acylation were activated by preparing their corresponding p-nitrophenyl esters. These esters couple with - NH(2) group in presence of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide as coupling agent ...
Godal Aslak - - 2006
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has become a new treatment for several oncological and nononcological disorders. This procedure involves systemic or topical administration of a lesion-localizing photosensitizer or prodrug, followed by irradiation with visible light to cause singlet oxygen-induced damage to the target tissue. 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an endogenous precursor for ...
Aasen John A B - - 2006
Cultured mussels sampled in the spring of 2002 and 2003 from Skjer, a location in the Sognefjord, Norway, tested positive in the mouse bioassay for lipophilic toxins. In a previous report, it was established that a number of spirolides, cyclic imine toxins produced by the phytoplankton Alexandrium ostenfeldii, were present ...
Kotian Pravin L - - 2006
The introduction of versatile functional groups, allyl and ester, at the C-1 position of the acyclic chain in acyclic adenine nucleosides was achieved for the first time directly by alkylation of adenine and N6-potected adenine. Thus, the C-1'-substituted N9-adenine acyclic nucleoside, adenine-9-yl-pent-4-enoic acid ethyl ester (11), was prepared by direct ...
Li Tiejun - - 2005
The syntheses of a series of novel ester-linked derivatives of the icosahedral [closo-B12(OH)12]2- boron cluster (closomer esters) are described using several synthetic methods. The reaction of bis(tetrabutylammonium)-closo-dodecahydroxy-dodecaborate, [NBu4]2 1, with carboxylic acid chlorides and anhydrides, vinyl esters with a Y5(OiPr)13O catalyst and 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole-activated carboxylic acids yields the corresponding dianionic dodeca-ester ...
Fenner Tahli - - 2006
Photolysis of the thiohydroximate ester derivative 21 of 2-carboethoxy-2-(2-(benzylseleno)pyridin-3-yl)tridecylcarboxylic acid (20) affords 2-dodecyl-2-carboethoxy-2,3-dihydroselenolo[2,3-b]pyridine (22) in 89% yield in a process presumably involving intramolecular homolytic substitution by a tertiary alkyl radical at selenium with loss of a benzyl radical. Alternatively, rearrangement of O-(omega-haloalkyl)esters 34 of 2-carboethoxy-N-hydroxypyridine-2-selone affords azonianaphthalenium halides 37 in ...
Saerens Sofie M G SM Centre for Food and Microbial Technology, Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium. - - 2006
Fatty acid ethyl esters are secondary metabolites produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and many other fungi. Their natural physiological role is not known but in fermentations of alcoholic beverages and other food products they play a key role as flavor compounds. Information about the metabolic pathways and enzymology of fatty acid ...
Kim Hyun Jung - - 2006
Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of sorbitol-fatty acid esters was performed in eutectic media with extremely high substrate concentrations. Homogeneous eutectic melts of sorbitol and fatty acids of C6-C16 were prepared using an adjuvant mixture. Enhanced homogeneity of mixtures was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. The substrate concentration was 3.63-6.67 M in the ...
Di Gioia Maria Luisa - - 2005
[reaction: see text] This article reports a straightforward and unprecedented process of AlCl3-assisted oxaziridine ring opening by nitrogen containing nucleophiles, in a totally anhydrous milieu. Under these conditions, nucleophiles exclusively attack the carbon atom of the three-membered heterocycles, obtained from methyl esters of natural alpha-amino acids, generating N-hydroxy-alpha-L-amino acid methyl ...
Kami?ski Zbigniew J - - 2005
A new generation of triazine-based coupling reagents (TBCRs), designed according to the concept of "superactive esters", was obtained by treatment of 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium (DMTMM) chloride with lithium or silver tetrafluoroborate. The structure of 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium tetrafluoroborate was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Activation of carboxylic acids by using this reagent proceeds via triazine ...
Voogt Jason N - - 2005
Hydrogen-bonded networks composed of guanidinium (G) and 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonate (NDS) have been developed for the selective inclusion and separation of fatty acid esters based on their degree of unsaturation. Porous crystalline networks have been synthesized and include fatty acid esters during crystallization from both methanol and 2-methoxyethanol. Crystalline networks formed in ...
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