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Results 301 - 350 of 1894
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Halime Zakaria - - 2007
We report the coordination studies of porphyrins with pre-organized but yet flexible straps, each bearing over the center of the porphyrin either a 2,2-malonic acid diethyl ester residue or a 2,2-malonic acid residue. The straps are attached to the porphyrin via two adjacent meso positions, 5,10 and 15,20, respectively, and ...
Chen Jingnan - - 2007
Conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) need to be converted into their methyl esters when they are analyzed by gas liquid chromatography (GLC) or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). We found that methylation under different conditions could cause substantial isomerization of CLnA. The present study was therefore to optimize the acid-catalyzed or ...
Gouy Marie-Hélène - - 2007
The preparation of 6,6,1',1',6',6'-hexadeutero sucrose is reported. The synthesis is based on a triple oxidation of a protected sucrose 6,1',6'-triol to the corresponding 6,1',6'-tricarboxylic acid or ester, followed by reduction with lithium aluminium deuteride. This triple oxidation could be achieved either using cat. TEMPO-NaOCl (to the acid) or PDC-Ac(2)O-t-BuOH (to ...
Park Tae-Hong - - 2007
Carbodithioate-terminated bis(phenylene)ethynylenes and oligo(phenyleneethynylene)s have been synthesized from TMSE-protected 4-iododithiobenzoic acid ester (1) and 4-ethynyldithiobenzoic acid ester (3) via Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions. TEM and spectroscopic studies demonstrate that the reaction of 4-(phenylethynyl)dithiobenzoate with alkylamine-protected gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) produces the corresponding organocarbodithioate-functionalized AuNPs.
Yang Yonghong - - 2007
The synthesis of suitably protected p-aminophenyl H-phosphinic acids and esters from the corresponding para-substituted aryl halides has been accomplished via the Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of anilinium hypophosphite, either in the absence or presence of a tetraalkyl orthosilicate, to provide the free H-phosphinic acid or the corresponding ester, respectively. Subsequent conjugate ...
Wimmer Zdenek - - 2007
During the investigation of ester derivatives (juvenogens, biochemically activated insect hormonogenic compounds) of biologically active alcohols with potential application in insect pest control, a need for availability of all existing stereoisomers of ethyl N-{2-[4-(2-butanoyloxycyclohexyl)methyl]phenoxy}ethyl carbamate occurred. They were synthesized from their chiral precursors, the corresponding stereoisomers of 2-(4-methoxybenzyl)cyclohexyl butanoate, by ...
Zafiropoulos Nicholas A - - 2007
Recyclable and reusable heterogeneous diarylammonium catalysts are highly effective in catalyzing the esterification of the free fatty acid (FFA) present in greases to methyl esters to reduce the FFA content from 12-40 wt% to 0.5-1 wt%; the resulting ester-glyceride mixture (pretreated grease) could then be readily converted to methyl esters ...
Meragelman Tamara L - - 2007
Fractionation of cytotoxic extracts of specimens of a newly described sponge genus, Candidaspongia, has yielded the candidaspongiolides (3), a complex mixture of acyl esters of a macrolide related to tedanolide. The general structure of the candidaspongiolides was determined by analyses of various 2D NMR and MS data sets. The acyl ...
Mitsuboshi Saori - - 2007
Natural shelf life extending agents and sugar fatty acid esters that might inhibit the growth of B. subtilis IAM 1026 were screened, and the effective agents were as follows: beta-thujaplicin (Hinokitiol) and chitosan, inhibited the growth of IAM 1026 at a concentration of 0.001% ; epsilon-polylysine and M-1695 (a sugar ...
Zhang M - - 2007
The aromatic composition and key odorants of young red wines produced from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Cabernet Gernischet wines were compared and the reasons for the difference in their aromatic compounds were discussed. Forty-three odorants were detected in Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc wines compared to 50 in Cabernet ...
Antonious George F - - 2007
With the public perception that synthetic pesticides leave harmful residues in crop produce for human consumption, there has been increased interest in using natural products for pest control. The potential of using fruit extracts of hot pepper for controlling the cabbage looper, Trichopulsia ni (Hübner) and spider mite, Tetranychus urticae ...
Karlberg Ann-Therese - - 2007
Colophonium (gum rosin) consists of numerous compounds. We have previously shown that abietic acid (Fig. 1), the major compound in gum rosin, is oxidized to strong contact allergens at air exposure (1). The most potent allergen identified is 15-hydroperoxyabietic acid (15-HPA, Fig. 1), which was isolated as its methyl ester ...
Rharrabe Kacem - - 2007
The metabolic pathways of ingested ecdysteroids have been investigated in three insect species, the aphid Myzus persicae and two Lepidoptera, Plodia interpunctella and Ostrinia nubilalis. M. persicae produces mainly a 22-glucoside conjugate, whereas P. interpunctella eliminates a mixture of 20E and its 3-oxo and 3-epi derivatives, both in free form ...
Ragoussis Valentine - - 2007
(+/-)-4-Methyloctanoic acid and its ethyl ester are aggregation pheromones of many rhinoceros beetles of the genus Oryctes and are investigated for the control of these pests by olfactory trapping. A simple, economical, and high-yield (>50%) synthesis of (+/-)-4-methyloctanoic acid and its ethyl ester is presented starting from n-hexanal. The key ...
Gershater Markus C - - 2007
Arabidopsis thaliana contains multiple carboxyesterases (AtCXEs) with activities toward xenobiotics, including herbicide esters that are activated to their phytotoxic acids upon hydrolysis. On the basis of their susceptibility to inhibition by organophosphates, these AtCXEs are all serine hydrolases. Using a trifunctional probe bearing a fluorophosphonate together with biotin and rhodamine ...
Li Cuihong - - 2007
A novel carbazolyldiacetylene derivative of 5-[1,2]dithiolan-3-ylpentanoic acid 1,6-bis((N-carbazol-3-yl)methyl)-2,4-hexadiyne ester (DCHD-HS) was synthesized. DCHD-HS showed unusual fluorescence enhancement when it was bound to gold nanoparticles. The studies also showed that varied solvents and ratios of ligand/gold particles that served as the driving forces to control aggregation resulted in emission enhancement. A ...
Lligadas Gerard - - 2007
Novel biobased aromatic triols (1,3,5-(9-hydroxynonyl)benzene and 1,3,5-(8-hydroxyoctyl)-2,4,6-octylbenzene) were synthesized through the transition-metal-catalyzed cyclotrimerization of two alkyne fatty acid methyl esters (methyl 10-undecynoate and methyl 9-octadecynoate) followed by the reduction of the ester groups to give terminal primary hydroxyl groups. A series of biobased segmented polyurethanes based on these triols, 1,4-butanediol ...
Beck John J - - 2007
The natural product dihydroferulic acid (DFA, 1) and the synthesized DFA methyl (4a), ethyl (4b), propyl (4c), hexyl (4d), octyl (4e), and decyl (4f) esters were examined for antifungal activity. Test fungi included Saccharomyces cerevisiae (wild type, and deletion mutants slt2 Delta and bck1 Delta), Aspergillus fumigatus, and A. flavus. ...
Spániková Silvia - - 2007
Glucuronoyl esterase is a novel carbohydrate esterase recently discovered in the cellulolytic system of the wood-rotting fungus Schizophyllum commune on the basis of its ability to hydrolyze methyl ester of 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid. This substrate was not fully corresponding to the anticipated function of the enzyme to hydrolyze esters between xylan-bound ...
Kida Shinya - - 2007
6-maleimidohexanoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester has been used widely for preparation of enzyme immunoconjugates as a unique heterobifunctional cross-linking reagent. Its heterobifunctional reactivity is good, but its ester portion hydrolyzes easily in the presence of water. Several 6-maleimidohexanoic acid active esters (6-maleimidohexanoic acid 4-nitrophenyl ester, 6-maleimidohexanoic acid N-hydroxy-5-norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboximide ester, and 6-maleimidohexanoic ...
Chen D F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to identify active components of PT involved in promoting proliferation of MSCs and to investigate its mechanism. PT was extracted with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evidence provided by MTT, HE stain, BrdUrd, PCNA immunoreactivity and cell ...
Colnaghi Simionato Ana Valéria - - 2007
Xylella fastidiosa (X.f.) is a plant pathogen with high levels of genomic similarity to Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (X.c.c.). It has been shown that X. fastidiosa synthesizes a putative diffusible signal factor (X.f.-DSF) that activates regulation of pathogenicity factor (rpf) genes in a X.c.c. reporter system, which might be involved ...
Guerzoni M E - - 2007
The effects of the interaction between Saccharomyces cerevisiae LBS and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis LSCE1 and of their responses to acid, oxidative or osmotic stress on alcohol and aroma production were assessed. The exposure of S. cerevisiae LBS and L. sanfranciscensis LSCE1 cells to oxidative, acid or osmotic sub-lethal stress gave rise ...
Celli Nicola - - 2007
The in vitro biochemical stability of caffeic acid phenethyl ester in rat and human plasma was investigated and compared with the stability of other caffeic acid esters (chlorogenic acid and rosmarinic acid). The incubation of the compounds in rat plasma for up to 6 h showed that caffeic acid phenethyl ...
Lai Christine - - 2007
Wax biosynthetic pathways proceed via the elongation of 16:0 acyl-CoA to very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), and by further modifications that include reduction to primary alcohols and formation of alkyl esters. We have analyzed the alkyl esters in the stem wax of ten cer mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana together with ...
Tokiwa Yutaka - - 2007
Transesterification of arbutin and undecylenic acid vinyl ester was catalyzed by alkaline protease, Bioprase, in dimethylformamide to get arbutin derivative having undecylenic acid at 6-position of glucose moiety, 6-O-undecylenoyl p-hydroxyphenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside. The reaction rate increased with increase of arbutin concentration, and when its concentration was 0.9 M, the conversion rate ...
Holtzapple Erik - - 2007
Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus DSM 8798 has been reported to synthesize isoprenoid wax ester storage compounds when grown on phytol as the sole carbon source under limiting nitrogen and/or phosphorous conditions. We hypothesized that isoprenoid wax ester synthesis involves (i) activation of an isoprenoid fatty acid by a coenzyme A (CoA) synthetase ...
Denekamp Chagit - - 2007
A triphenylcorrole(CuIII) complex is covalently bound to amino acid esters at the nitrogen atom. As a result radical anions are generated, inducing the occurrence of side-chain reactions under CID conditions. Almost all of the amino acid esters that were studied show abundant ions that correspond to fragmentation at the alpha ...
Boros M - - 2007
A novel practical method for the synthesis of N-methyl-DL-aspartic acid 1 (NMA) and new syntheses for N-methyl-aspartic acid derivatives are described. NMA 1, the natural amino acid was synthesized by Michael addition of methylamine to dimethyl fumarate 5. Fumaric or maleic acid mono-ester and -amide were regioselectively transformed into beta-substituted ...
Zhu Quan-Gang - - 2007
There is increasing evidence that epidermal carboxylesterase may be involved in the stereoselective hydrolysis of prodrugs in percutaneous absorption. The present study was designed to evaluate the stereoselective characteristics and mechanisms of ketoprofen ethyl ester hydrolysis by epidermal carboxylesterase expressed in HaCaT keratinocytes. Ketoprofen ethyl ester was mainly hydrolyzed to ...
De Giovanni Nadia - - 2007
The search for biochemical markers for the objective diagnosis of alcoholism has been a topic of research because of the important clinical and forensic implications. In the last few years, two minor ethanol metabolites (ethylglucuronide and fatty acid ethyl esters) have been mainly investigated in hair samples for their ability ...
Claeys Magda - - 2007
Detailed organic analysis of fine (PM2.5) rural aerosol collected during summer at K-puszta, Hungary from a mixed deciduous/coniferous forest site shows the presence of polar oxygenated compounds that are also formed in laboratory irradiated alpha-pinene/NOx/air mixtures. In the present work, two major photooxidation products of alpha-pinene were characterized as the ...
Cengiz N - - 2007
Overproduction of free radicals is important in the pathogenesis of the cerebral damage induced by ischemia reperfusion. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis extract, exhibits antioxidant properties. The study was carried out in 16 male Wistar albino rats, divided into two groups: ischemia reperfusion and ischemia reperfusion ...
Borucki K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Both medical and forensic needs require reliable detection of earlier ethanol intake after the disappearance of ethanol from blood. The esters of ethanol with free fatty acids (FAEEs) are candidate markers of this kind. However, it is unknown whether FAEEs can serve as a marker for a single prior ...
Takeara Renata - - 2008
Chemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the ascidian Didemnum psammatodes has led to the identification of fourteen known compounds: three methyl esters (methyl myristate, methyl palmitate and methyl stearate), four steroids (cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol), two fatty acids (palmitic acid and stearic acid), three glyceryl ethers {(1,2-propanediol, 3-(heptadecyloxy), ...
Turhanen Petri A - - 2007
A novel method for the synthesis of phosphocitrate (1, PC) starting from triethyl ester of citric acid and MeOPCl2 is described. The method is based on selective stepwise hydrolysis of ester moieties from the intermediate Me-O-P(O)(Cl)(Z) (Z = triethylcitrate), 4a, which also allows one to prepare partially esterified derivatives of ...
Villar-González A - - 2007
By the end of 2005, a toxic episode of phytoplankton origin in bivalve shellfish led to the closing down of several shellfish production areas in Galicia (northwestern region of Spain). During this time, different kinds of shellfish were collected and analysed by LC-MS/MS to search for the following lipophilic toxins: ...
Bernabé-Zafón Virginia - - 2007
Methods for the rapid characterization of industrial alkylpolyphosphonates (APPs) by infusion MS and CZE with indirect photometric (IPD) and MS detection are described. Technical-grade APPs, including alkylaminepolyphosphonates with 3-5 phosphonate groups and different hydrocarbon skeletons, hydroxyethyl-amino-bis(methylenephosphonic acid), hydroxyethylidene-diphosphonic acid, and 2-phosphonobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid, were examined. A 10 mM solution of adenosine ...
Gaude Nicole - - 2007
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plants because it represents a major constituent of numerous cellular compounds, including proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids and lipids. While N deprivation is known to have severe consequences for primary carbon metabolism, the effect on chloroplast lipid metabolism has not been analysed in higher ...
Hall Dawn - - 2007
Resveratrol is a stilbene with well-known health-promoting effects in humans that is produced constitutively or accumulates as a phytoalexin in several plant species including grape (Vitis sp.). Grape berries accumulate stilbenes in the exocarp as cis- and trans-isomers of resveratrol, together with their respective 3-O-monoglucosides. An enzyme glucosylating cis- and ...
Østergaard Jesper - - 2007
A series of model phenol carbonate ester prodrugs encompassing derivatives with fatty acid-like structures were synthesized and their stability as a function of pH (range 0.4 - 12.5) at 37 degrees C in aqueous buffer solutions investigated. The hydrolysis rates in aqueous solutions differed widely, depending on the selected pro-moieties ...
Jokhadze G - - 2007
A new family of random co-poly(ester amides)s (co-PEAs) having reactive pendant functional carboxylic acid groups were synthesized by co-polycondensation of di-p-toluenesulfonic acid salts of bis-(L-alpha-amino acid (L-leucine and/or L-phenylalanine)) alpha,omega-alkylene diesters with active diesters of dicarboxylic acids using di-p-toluenesulfonic acid salt of L-lysine benzyl ester as a co-monomer. The lateral ...
Quezada Maribel - - 2007
The use of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) as biomarkers to identify groups of microorganisms was studied. A database was constructed using previously published results that identify FAME biomarkers for aerobic, anaerobic and facultatively aerobic bacteria. FAME profiles obtained from pure cultures were utilized to confirm the predicted presence of ...
Santos Sara - - 2007
Soluble waxes were extracted from the cuticle of ivy (Hedera helix L.) leaves with dichloromethane in a yield of ca. 13%. The cuticular waxes were directly analysed by GC-MS, high-temperature GC-MS and ESI-MS/MS. The GC-MS analysis showed mostly n-alkanols (45.3%), monoacids (18.8%), triterpenes (9.7%), n-aldehydes (8.7%) and n-alkanes (7.7%). The ...
Moretto Alessandro - - 2007
We have already shown by CD and NMR techniques that the terminally protected homo-octapeptides Z (and Ac)-[L-(alphaMe)Val](8)-OtBu undergo a slow and irreversible 3(10)-helix to alpha-helix transition when dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol. In the present work, we find by HPLC and CD that under the aforementioned experimental conditions, a slow acidolysis of ...
Pimentel M C B - - 2007
Candida rugosa lipase has been covalently immobilized on ferromagnetic azide polyethyleneterepthalate (Dacron) with specific activity retention of 16% for 4-nitrophenyl palmitate and 24% for hydrolysis of triolein in hexane. The immobilized enzyme was more thermal stable than the soluble one, retaining 78.8% of the activity after 1 h at 60 ...
Mishra Shilpi - - 2007
Esterquats, which are quaternary ammonium compounds having two long (C(16)-C(18)) fatty acid chains with 2 weak ester linkages, represent a new generation of fabric softening agents, having replaced the dialkyldimethylammonium salts (e.g. DTDMAC and DSDMAC). The inclusion of ester linkages into the aliphatic chains has significantly improved the kinetics of ...
Corr Lorna T - - 2007
Compound-specific stable carbon isotope analysis of amino acids by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) is a highly selective and sensitive method for probing the biosynthetic/diagenetic pathways, pool size and turnover rates of proteins, previously intractable to bulk isotope analyses. However, amino acids are polyfunctional, non-volatile compounds which require derivatisation ...
Boncel SÅ‚awomir - - 2007
ABSTRACT: N-1 regioselective Michael-type addition of 5-substituted uracils to (2-hydroxyethyl) acrylate is presented. The reactions were performed in polar aprotic solvents and with avoidance of polymerization of acrylic substrate. The obtained adducts may serve as versatile substrates for further functionalization, e.g. into (3-uracil-1-yl)propanoic acids or transformations, with participation of hydroxyl ...
Ribeiro Lina - - 2007
Aminocarbonyloxymethyl ester prodrugs are known to undergo rearrangement in aqueous solutions to form the corresponding N-acylamine side product via an O-->N intramolecular acyl transfer from the carbamate conjugate base. Novel aminocarbonyloxymethyl esters of diclofenac and flufenamic acid containing amino acid amide carriers were synthesized and evaluated as potential prodrugs displaying ...
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