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Abdel-Azeem Ahmed Z - - 2009
The discovery of the inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase enzyme (COX-2) spurred the search for anti-inflammatory agents devoid of the undesirable effects associated with classical NSAIDs. New chlorzoxazone ester prodrugs (6-8) of some acidic NSAIDs (1-3) were designed, synthesized and evaluated as mutual prodrugs with the aim of improving the therapeutic ...
Faist Johanna - - 2009
Several bicyclic amides and esters of dialkylamino acids were prepared. Their activities against a multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum and against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (STIB 900) were examined. Structure-activity relationships were discussed. Particularly the ester compounds showed good antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activity and a single compound was tested in vivo ...
Yamato Keisuke - - 2009
To develop a transdermal dosage form of propofol (PF), in vitro skin permeability and in vivo absorbability of PF were investigated in rats, and the effectiveness of enhancers on the transdermal delivery of PF was estimated. Propylene glycol (PG), isopropyl myristate and macrogol were used as co-solvent type enhancers. L(-)-Menthol ...
Taniguchi Tohru T Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, - - 2009
The absolute configuration of actinophyllic acid (-)-1, an alkaloid with an unprecedented 2,3,6,7,9,13c-hexahydro-1H-1,7,8-(methanetriyloxymethano)pyrrolo[1',2':1,2]azacino[4,3-b]indole-8(5H)-carboxylic acid skeleton isolated from Alstonia actinophylla, was determined through the study of its corresponding methyl ester 2. Racemic 2 was separated into (+)-2 and (-)-2 enantiomers, and they were assigned unambiguously as 15S,16R,19R,20R,21S and 15R,16S,19S,20S,21R, respectively, by ...
Kasser Johanna - - 2009
The one pot reaction of amino acids with diethylphosphite and formaldehyde yielded N,N-bis(phosphonomethyl)amino acids. This synthetic route does not require harsh reagents to cleave the ester group. The molecular structures of the new compounds were determined by X-ray diffraction methods. By employing DFT calculations the hydrolysis of the intermediate phosphonic ...
Petersen O H OH MRC Secretory Control Research Group, Physiological Laboratory, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2009
Pancreatitis, a potentially fatal disease in which the pancreas digests itself as well as its surroundings, is a well recognized complication of hyperlipidemia. Fatty acids have toxic effects on pancreatic acinar cells and these are mediated by large sustained elevations of the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. An important component of the ...
Pudroma Xiao - - 2009
5-aminolevulinic acid heptyl ester was investigated in human adenocarcinoma WiDr cells and in healthy skin of athymic nude mice in comparison with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Incubation of WiDr cells with ALA and ALA heptyl ester resulted in production of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Concentrations higher than 0.01 mm of ALA heptyl ...
Posternak Anna G - - 2009
A synthesis of new unsymmetric trifluoromethylsulfonylimino(nonafluoro-n-butyl-sulfonylimino)trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (1b) is reported. During the silylation reactions studies of bis(perfluoroalkylsulfonylimino)trifluoromethanesulfonic acids (1a,b) it was shown that reaction proceeds exclusively on the central oxygen atom to give trimethylsilyl esters. The obtained esters along with several trimethylsilylesters of sulfonic acids have been studied by 29Si-NMR ...
Liu Ying - - 2009
Extracellular lipase LIP prepared in our lab from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica was used for the resolution of racemic ibuprofen. The (S)-enantiomer was preferred by lipase LIP, and the unreacted (R)-enantiomer was extracted and racemized in basic solvent-water medium to be re-resolved. Solvent, content of solvent, base concentration, and temperature ...
Hejazi Leila - - 2009
There is a consensus that electron impact ionization mass spectrometry is not capable of discriminating among geometrical isomers of unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters (and in general olefinic compounds). In this paper, we report the identification of all eight geometrical isomers of alpha-linolenic acid, one of the few essential omega-3 ...
López-Giraldo Luis J - - 2009
The lipophilization of polar antioxidants such as phenolics is an efficient way to enhance their solubility in apolar media. Thus, in emulsified systems, lipophilized antioxidants are supposed to locate at the lipid/aqueous phase interface and to lead to a better protection of unsaturated lipids. Herein, the antiradical activity of chlorogenic ...
Valentini L - - 2009
In this paper the dip-coating technique has been investigated as a method for the production of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (RR-P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)-based solar cells. We found that the utilization of the dip-coating technique for the RR-P3HT:PCBM system can facilitate its self-assembly into a nanofibrillar lamellar structure after evaporation ...
Krief Alain - - 2009
This review reports different syntheses of deltamethrinic acid, especially those originating from our laboratory. Deltamethrinic acid is a synthetic compound whose structure is inspired from those present in the flower head of the plant Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Its ester 'deltamethrin' exhibits an extremely high insecticidal activity (DDTx35.000) and an extremely low ...
Fyles Thomas Murray - - 2009
A solid-phase synthesis protocol was used to prepare fifteen new linear tetra-, and penta-esters structurally related to an active lead compound. The structures were assembled from three types of hydroxyl protected building blocks: monoalkyl esters of hydroxyglutaric acid, omega-hydroxyacids, and alpha-hydroxymethylalkanoic acids. The standard methodology gave acceptable quantities of material ...
El-Mallah Mohammed Hassan - - 2009
Egyptian jojoba seeds newly cultivated in Ismailia desert in Egypt promoted us to determine its lipid components. Fatty alcohols, fatty acids, wax esters and sterols patterns were determined by capillary GLC whereas, tocopherols profile, isopropenoid alcohols and sterylglycosides were determined by HPLC. The Egyptian seeds are rich in wax esters ...
Guo Lei - - 2009
Olfactory perception of myristic, palmitic, stearic and oleic acids and their corresponding methyl esters by Asian corn borer moths, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) was investigated. It was found that mated females with both antennae amputated, in contrast to intact females and females with one antenna removed, could not discriminate ...
Dharmaratne H R W - - 2009
Twigs of Calophyllum cordato-oblongum Thw. have been shown to contain cordatolide A-OMe, cordatolide B-OMe, cordatolide C-OMe, cordatolide A, cordatolide B, oblongulide, cordatooblongic acid, friedelin, canophyllol, and sitosterol. Methylation of cordatolide B and the attempted methylation of cordatolide A under acidic conditions gave cordatolide B-OMe and 11,12-anhydrocordatolide. Cordatolide A-OMe, cordatolide C-OMe ...
Xiong Jing - - 2009
A series of amino acid ester derivatives containing 5-fluorouracil were synthesized using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC*HCl) and N-hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBt) as a coupling agent. The structures of the products were assigned by NMR, MS, IR etc. The in vitro antitumor activity tests against leukaemia HL-60 and liver cancer BEL-7402 indicated that (R)-ethyl ...
Penczek Stanislaw - - 2009
Methods of preparation of the phosphoric ester of monomethyl ether of poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG-P) from MPEG (M(n) = 550 and 2000) and phosphoric acid (P), or its derivatives - pyrophosphoric acid (PY), polyphosphoric acid (PP) and POCl(3)- are described and compared. MPEG-P was isolated in a pure state (no detectable ...
Solinas Rosanna - - 2009
The imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid scaffold is readily derivatized with amino acid esters to afford symmetrically- and dissymmetrically-disubstituted imidazole-4,5-dicarboxamides with intramolecularly hydrogen bonded conformations that predispose the presentation of amino acid pharmacophores. In this work, a total of 45 imidazole-4,5-dicarboxamides bearing amino acid esters were prepared by parallel synthesis. The library members ...
Kanemitsu Hironobu - - 2008
Hydration of tetrolic acid ethyl ester as an alkyne-carboxylic acid ester catalyzed by an Ir-aqua complex [Ir(III)Cp*(bpy)(OH2)]2+ (1, Cp* = eta5-C5Me5, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) in water provides ethyl acetoacetate as a beta-keto acid ester. We report the successful isolation of both an Ir-enol tautomer intermediate [IrIIICp*(bpy){CH3C(OH)=CC(O)OC2H5}]+ (2) and an Ir-keto ...
Huang Weiqiang - - 2008
O-TBS-protected methyl trans-4-hydroxypyroglutamate and methyl trans-4-hydroxyproline ester were synthesized from nitroso-cyclopentadiene Diels-Alder cycloadducts. Enzymatic resolution of the key intermediate, 4-amino-cyclopent-2-enol, provides access to both L- and D- amino acids.
Shiina Isamu - - 2009
The first asymmetric total syntheses of botcinins C (18), D (19), E (20), and F (21), botcinic acid (22), botcinic acid methyl ester (23), botcineric acid (26), and 3-O-acetylbotcinic acid methyl ester () were achieved. The structures of these compounds have been unequivocally determined through their total syntheses and those ...
Novotný Michal - - 2009
A series of transdermal permeation enhancers based on dicarboxylic acid esters was studied. Single-chain amphiphiles were markedly more effective than the double-chain ones. Monododecyl maleate, that is a cis derivative, was a more potent enhancer than its trans isomer, while the activity of succinates strongly depended on the donor vehicle. ...
Karmee Sanjib Kumar - - 2009
Ascorbyl fatty acid esters act both as antioxidants and surfactants. These esters are obtained by acylation of vitamin C using different acyl donors in presence of chemical catalysts or lipases. Lipases have been used for this reaction as they show high regioselectivity and can be used under mild reaction conditions. ...
Pérez Lourdes - - 2009
Biocompatible cationic surfactants from the amino acid lysine (hydrochloride salts of N(epsilon)-lauroyl lysine methyl ester, N(epsilon)-myristoyl lysine methyl ester and N(epsilon)-palmitoyl lysine methyl ester) have been prepared in high yields by lysine acylation in epsilon position with three natural saturated fatty acids. The micellization process of these surfactants has been ...
Nam Hye Yeong - - 2009
We synthesized biodegradable polycationic PAMAM (polyamidoamine) esters (e-PAM-R, e-PAM-K) that contain arginines or lysines at the peripheral ends of PAMAM-OH dendrimer through ester bond linkages. The PAMAM esters were readily degradable under physiological conditions (pH 7.4, 37 degrees C), with more than 50% of the grafted amino acids hydrolyzed within ...
Ilham Zul - - 2009
In this study, the non-catalytic supercritical method has been studied in utilizing dimethyl carbonate. It was demonstrated that, the supercritical dimethyl carbonate process without any catalysts applied, converted triglycerides to fatty acid methyl esters with glycerol carbonate and citramalic acid as by-products, while free fatty acids were converted to fatty ...
Liang Yuzeng - - 2009
A series of (-)-beta-D-(2R,4R)-dioxolane-thymine-5'-O-aliphatic acid esters as well as amino acid esters were synthesized as prodrugs of (-)-beta-D-(2R,4R)-dioxolane-thymine (DOT). The compounds were evaluated for anti-HIV activity against HIV-1(LAI) in human peripheral blood mononuclear (PBM) cells as well as for their cytotoxicity in PBM, CEM and Vero cells. Improved anti-HIV potency ...
Kang Soo Sung - - 2009
Melanogenesis is a physiological process that results in the production of melanin pigment. However, excessive accumulations of epidermal pigmentation can cause various hyperpigmentary disorders such as, melasma and age spots. Kojic acid and hydroxylated cinnamic acid derivatives are known to inhibit tyrosinase, a key component of melanin biosynthesis. Pyronyl-acrylic acid ...
Masterson Douglas S - - 2008
Malonate diesters containing a prochiral quaternary carbon have been successfully transformed into analogs of cysteine and serine. The chiral half-esters are obtained in good yield, and enantioselectivity by selective hydrolysis using Pig-Liver Esterase (PLE) as the catalyst. The resulting half-ester intermediates are transformed into alpha2, 2-, beta2, 2-, and beta3, ...
Bueno Claudia - - 2008
The photophysical properties of the nitroxide prefluorescent probes 4-(3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-quinolinoyloxy)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-4-yl) ester free radical (QT) and 2,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-quinolizino [1,10,9-gh] coumarin-3-carboxylic acid (1-oxyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-4-yl) ester free radical (C343T) were evaluated as a function of pH and solvent properties. The absorbance of QT showed high pH sensitivity. The pKa values for the different ionization forms involved ...
Noda Naoki - - 2008
Four new and two known ether-soluble resin glycosides were isolated from popular sweet potato (the roots of Ipomoea batatas L. LAM., Kokei 14 go, Convolvulaceae) in Japan. Unlike ester-type dimers, batatins I and II, obtained from other sweet potato (Ipomoea batabas var. batatas), the glycosides were tetra or pentasaccharide monomers ...
Sheikh Md Chanmiya - - 2008
For the purpose of modification of a variety of derivatives, including biologically important compounds, such as sugar derivatives and proteins etc., we have first synthesized several non-symmetrical bi-dentate cross-linking reagents, namely 3-(phthalimidoyloxycarbonyl)butyric acid chloride (1), 4-(2-benzothiazolyloxycarbonyl)butyric-N-hydroxyphthalimide ester (4) and 4-(1-benzotriazoleoxa)butyric-N-hydroxyphthalimide ester (5).
Buzzini Pietro - - 2008
Hydrolysable tannins (HTs), secondary metabolites widely distributed in the plant kingdom, are generally multiple esters of gallic acid with glucose. HTs have been shown to be effective antagonists against viruses, bacteria and eukaryotic microorganisms. The present review examines the antimicrobial and antiviral activity of HTs, the mechanism(s) of action, and ...
Jessen Henning J - - 2008
A new class of d4TMP- cycloSal-pronucleotides bearing enzymatically cleavable amino acid esters is reported. These compounds are designed to trap the pronucleotide inside the cell by a fast conversion of a nonpolar ester group into a charged carboxylate. This should prevent efficient diffusion equilibrium across the cell membrane to the ...
David Frank - - 2008
The analysis of the cellular lipidic fraction of bacteria is described. After hydrolysis and methylation, the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) are determined by 1-D GC using the Sherlock MIDI bacteria identification system, by comprehensive GC (GC x GC) and by GC-MS in electron impact (EI) and positive chemical ionisation ...
Torgersen Trine - - 2008
Marine algal toxins of the okadaic acid (OA) group can occur as diol esters and sulfated diol esters in algae and as fatty acid esters in shellfish. Several of these ester forms have been identified, but the most common procedure for detecting OA group toxin esters is by measuring the ...
Sharma Kavita R - - 2009
The chemical factors involved in oviposition site selection by mosquitoes have become the focus of interest in recent years, and considerable attention is paid to the chemical cues influencing mosquito oviposition. Studies on synthetic oviposition attractants/repellents of long-chain fatty acid esters against Anopheles stephensi are limited. Screening and identification of ...
Portela-Cubillo Fernando - - 2008
Acyl oximes derived from a variety of indolylalkanones underwent a ring closure sequence during FVP to afford 9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indoles. Unlike UV light promoted reactions of oxime esters, the mechanism is almost certainly not mediated by iminyl radicals but probably involves tautomerism, elimination of acetic acid, and a final electrocyclic ring closure.
Ninomiya Wataru - - 2008
Alpha-acyloxyacrylate esters were efficiently synthesized from pyruvate esters and carboxylic anhydrides under mild conditions. These esters are potential candidate monomers for bio-based polymers with high durability and transparency. Tungsten-based Keggin type heteropolyacids, especially H(3)PW(12)O(40), worked more effectively as catalysts for this reaction than other typical acids.
Ichikawa Akio - - 2008
(RS)-beta-Ionol and (RS)-2-methyl-4-octanol were resolved by using (S)-2-methoxy-2-(1-naphthyl)propanoic acid [(S)-MalphaNP acid]. The specific stereochemistry of each MalphaNP ester was elucidated by 2D NMR analyses, and shielding by the 1-naphthyl group was observed in both the 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra. Solvolysis of the individual (S)-MalphaNP esters gave four single-enantiomer alcohols. The ...
Naito Junpei - - 2008
The copper/chiral phosphoramidite (L(1))-catalyzed conjugate addition of dimethylzinc to cycloocta-2,7-dienone 4, followed by the methylation of the intermediate enolate, yielded a single isomer of 7,8-dimethylcyclooct-2-enone (+)-5. Compound (+)-5 was subjected to the second conjugate addition with ent-L(1) giving only one stereoisomer of 2,3,7-trimethylcyclooctanone (+)-6, which was converted to 2,3,7-trimethylcyclooctanol 7. ...
Grigoryan Hasmik - - 2008
Human butyrylcholinesterase hydrolyzes long chain dicholine esters more rapidly than short chain dicholine esters. The active site of butyrylcholinesterase is deeply buried within the enzyme molecule and there is limited space for binding of large compounds. Our goal was to understand how butyrylcholinesterase accommodates long chain dicholine esters to make ...
Dajnoki Angéla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease, caused by the deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA), is a lysosomal storage disorder that manifests itself in its most severe form within the first months of life. Early detection by newborn screening is warranted, since prompt initiation of enzyme replacement therapy may improve morbidity and mortality. We ...
Charton Julie - - 2008
We report here the parallel synthesis of 200 compounds based on squaric acid template. These compounds are obtained via a one-step solution-phase procedure starting from three squaric acid N-hydroxylamide esters precursors. The set of diverse reagents qualified (amines, anilines, amino-alcohols and amino-esters) makes this strategy suitable for the search of ...
Greene Jeffrey L - - 2008
Published research has indicated that ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, ethyl 2-methybutanaote, ethyl 3-methylbutanoate, hexanoic acid, butanoic acid, and 3-methylbutanoic acid are responsible for fruity fermented (FF) off-flavor; however, these compounds were identified in samples that were artificially created by curing immature peanuts at a constant high temperature. The objective of this study ...
Zajac Matthew A - - 2008
Efforts to couple 4 with 12 employing base mediation are problematic due to the formation of 6. To circumvent this issue, 12 was converted to the pyridine borane complex (13). Alkylation of 4 with 13 provided 3 after removal of the borane under acidic conditions and saponification of the ester.
Wiyono Bambang - - 2008
This research is directed at characterizing purified maleopimaric acid (MPA), looking at the amount of MPA and fumaropimaric acid (FPA) made from a large amount of rosin and maleic anhydride (MA) or fumaric acid (FA) with various molar ratios and sources of rosin and evaluating the properties of fortified rosin ...
Kerwin Bruce A - - 2008
Polysorbates 20 and 80 (Tween 20 and Tween 80) are used in the formulation of biotherapeutic products for both preventing surface adsorption and as stabilizers against protein aggregation. The polysorbates are amphipathic, nonionic surfactants composed of fatty acid esters of polyoxyethylene sorbitan being polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate for polysorbate 20 and ...
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