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Elfeky Souad A - - 2010
Fluorescein isothiocyanate is treated with 3-aminophenylboronic acid to provide a fluorescently tagged boronic acid derivative which is used to assess Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) quenching upon boronate ester formation with a series of bespoke diol appended quenchers. Fluorescence spectroscopy comparison of quenching efficiency between treatment of fluorescein and its ...
Olberg Dag E - - 2010
The labeling of biomolecules for positron emission tomography (PET) with no-carrier-added fluorine-18 is almost exclusively accomplished using prosthetic groups in a two step procedure. The inherent complexity of the process renders full automation a challenge and leads to protracted synthesis times. Here we describe a new (18)F-labeled prosthetic group based ...
Real-Fernández Feliciana - - 2010
The synthesis of N-protected glycosyl amino acids from amines has been investigated and it was found that, under microwave conditions, glycosylamines could be hydrolyzed leading to new products containing a glycosyl ester linkage. The efficiency of the microwave-induced glycosylation of aspartic acid was studied comparing the microwave activity between amide ...
Serra Olga - - 2010
Suberin and waxes embedded in the suberin polymer are key compounds in the control of transpiration in the tuber periderm of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Suberin is a cell-wall biopolymer with aliphatic and aromatic domains. The aliphatic suberin consists of a fatty acid polyester with esterified ferulic acid, which is thought ...
Inglis Steven R - - 2010
Methods for the deprotection of pinanediol and pinacol esters of various boronic acids via fluoroborane intermediates were evaluated. Treatment of the boronate esters with potassium hydrogen difluoride normally gives trifluoroborate salts; in the case of alpha-amido alkyl or o-amido phenyl boronate esters, aqueous workup gives difluoroboranes. Procedures for transformation of ...
H?jek Martin - - 2010
Glycerol is a by-product of biodiesel produced by transesterification and is contained in the glycerol phase together with many other materials such as soaps, remaining catalyst, water, and esters formed during the process. The content of glycerol is approximately 30-60 wt.%. In this paper, treatments of the glycerol phase to ...
Furukawa Soichi - - 2010
Effects of food additives on biofilm formation by food-borne pathogenic bacteria were investigated. Thirty-three potential food additives and 3 related compounds were added to the culture medium at concentrations from 0.001 to 0.1% (w/w), followed by inoculation and cultivation of five biofilm-forming bacterial strains for the evaluation of biofilm formation. ...
Simonyi Miklós - - 2010
The effect of nonchromophoric additives on supramolecular exciton intensity was tested. Fatty acids and 1-dodecanol decreased exciton intensity of the tightly packed aggregate of 6'R-capsanthol-3'-on, whereas all esters studied increased exciton intensity. These results apparently confirm the validity of the treatment of Harada for supramolecular systems too.
Zinjarde Smita Sachin - - 2010
In the current scenario, there is immense concern regarding the environmental issues. Eco-friendly surfactants are becoming a preferred choice for specific applications in spite of their possibly inferior performance or more expensive nature than conventional ones. This chapter deals with the use of enzymes in non-aqueous media for the synthesis ...
Takakuwa Naoya - - 2010
Eighty-one yeast isolates from raw milk were surveyed for the production of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Only one species, identified as Cryptococcus curvatus, produced FAME at a detectable level. Cr. curvatus TYC-19 produced more FAME from beet molasses and cheese whey medium than other strains of the same species. ...
Rayne Sierra - - 2010
Temperature-dependent rate constants were estimated for the acid- and base-catalyzed and neutral hydrolysis reactions of perfluorinated telomer acrylates (FTAcrs) and phosphate esters (FTPEs), and the S(N)1 and S(N)2 hydrolysis reactions of fluorotelomer iodides (FTIs). Under some environmental conditions, hydrolysis of monomeric FTAcrs could be rapid (half-lives of several years in ...
Brouwer Ingeborg A - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e9434 in vol. 5.].
Katsuragi Hisashi - - 2010
Biotransformations of phenylpropanoids such as cinnamic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid were investigated with plant-cultured cells of Eucalyptus perriniana. The plant-cultured cells of E. perriniana converted cinnamic acid into cinnamic acid β-D-glucopyranosyl ester, p-coumaric acid, and 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcoumaric acid. p-Coumaric acid was converted into 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcoumaric acid, p-coumaric acid ...
Salehipour Masoud - - 2010
Transformation of macrophages to foam cells is determined by the rates of cholesterol uptake and efflux. This study uses a real time RT-PCR technique to investigate the role of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), α-linolenic acid (ALA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in the regulation of the ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) and ...
Tucci Sara - - 2010
Euglena gracilis is able to synthesize adenosine triphosphate under anaerobic conditions through a malonyl-independent fatty acid synthesis leading to wax ester fermentation. Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis uses acetyl-CoA and propionyl-CoA as C2- and C3-donors for de novo synthesis of even- and odd-numbered fatty acids, respectively. Euglena's wax ester fermentation has ...
Hojahmat Marhaba - - 2010
Vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT2) is a viable target for development of pharmacotherapies for psychostimulant abuse. Lobeline (1) is a potent antagonist at alpha4beta2 * nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, has moderate affinity (K(i)=5.46microM) for VMAT2, and is being investigated currently as a clinical candidate for treatment of psychostimulant abuse. A series of ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2009
Practice Pearl: Clinical trials in patients with very high triglycerides show that four 1-g capsules of prescription omega-3 ethyl ester fatty acids taken daily can significantly decrease triglyceride levels and are well tolerated. Original Article: Sadovsky R, Kris-Etherton P. Prescription omega-3-acid ethyl esters for the treatment of very high triglycerides. ...
Morowvat Mohammad Hossein - - 2010
The production of biodiesel from a naturally isolated strain of Chlamydomonas was investigated. The microalgal strain was isolated from the rice paddy-field soil samples during a screening program. The identification was done using physiological and molecular approaches. After reaching the stationary phase of growth, the total content of the lipids ...
Weatherhead Robin A - - 2009
Functionally protected forms of three conformationally constrained diaminodicarboxylic acids were synthesized and characterized. 2,2'-Diaminospiro[3.3]heptane-2,2'-dicarboxylic acid, an analogue of diaminopimelic acid, was prepared in racemic form and the structure established by X-ray crystallographic analysis of the methyl ester hydrochloride. trans-1,4-Diaminocyclohexane-1,4-dicarboxylic acid was prepared and its structure established by X-ray crystallographic analysis ...
Shikano Naoto - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Transport of the amino acid analog (123)I-3-iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine, which is used in clinical SPECT imaging, occurs mainly via L-type amino acid transporter type 1 (LAT1; an amino acid exchanger). As LAT1 is highly expressed in actively proliferating tumors, we made a preliminary investigation of the effects of amino acid esters ...
Duranová Miroslava - - 2009
Glucuronoyl esterases are enzymes involved in microbial plant cell-wall degradation. In this study we purified and characterized two recombinant Phanerochaete chrysosporium glucuronoyl esterases, PcGE1 and PcGE2. The catalytic activity of these and previously described glucuronoyl esterases was investigated on new synthetic substrates, methyl esters of uronic acids and their glycosides, ...
Sengupta Rajib - - 2009
Herein, we report that dihydrolipoic acid and lipoic acid (LA) plus lipoamide dehydrogenase and NADH denitrosate S-nitrosocaspase 3 (CASP-SNO). In HepG2 cells, S-nitroso-L-cysteine ethyl ester (SNCEE) impeded the activity of caspase 3 (CASP-SH), while a subsequent incubation of the cells in SNCEE-free medium resulted in endogenous denitrosation and reactivation of ...
Riss Patrick J - - 2009
PR04.MZ 8-(4-fluoro-but-2-ynyl)-3-p-tolyl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (1) and LBT999 8-((E)-4-fluoro-but-2-enyl)-3b-p-tolyl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester (2) are selective dopamine reuptake inhibitors, derived from cocaine. Compounds 1 and 2 were labelled with fluorine-18 at their terminally fluorinated N-substituents employing microwave enhanced direct nucleophilic fluorination. K[(18)F]F(-) Kryptofix 222 cryptate, tetrabutyl ammonium [(18)F]fluoride and caesium [(18)F]fluoride ...
Fersner Alexandra - - 2009
Two computational methodologies-a vinylogue extrapolation methodology and a block localized wave function (BLW) methodology-were employed to determine the contributions by resonance and inductive effects toward the gas-phase deprotonation enthalpies at the alpha carbons of acetone, acetamide, acetic acid, and acetyl fluoride, which were taken to be model compounds for ketones, ...
Yamashiro Takashi - - 2009
The acid property of alkali and alkali earth cation exchanged clinoptiolites were observed by micro-calorimetry of NH(3) adsorption at 200 degrees C. The reaction rates on decomposition of tert-butyl acetate (TBA) over clinoptilolites was proportional to the acid strength. 1,4-Dihydropyridines were oxidized to corresponding Pyridines in high yields at room ...
Maeda Dean Y - - 2010
The chemokine receptors CXCR1/2 are involved in a variety of inflammatory diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Several classes of allosteric small-molecule CXCR1/2 antagonists have been developed. The data presented here describe the cellular pharmacology of the acid and ester forms of the nicotinamide glycolate pharmacophore, a potent antagonist of ...
Molina-Salinas Gloria María - - 2010
Natural azorellane and mulinane diterpenoids show antituberculosis activity, which is increased by methylation of their free carboxyl group. We have systematically investigated the effect of alkylation in this class of diterpenoids and found that the profile of bioactivity is relatively unaffected by the introduction of short alkyl groups, both linear ...
Panchal Nitesh N Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, Exhibition Road, London, UK SW7 - - 2009
A new approach for the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] is described, compatible with unsaturated fatty acid esters, as well as phosphorothioate and acetylenic analogues. This strategy depends on masking the phosphate charges with base-labile cyanoethyl esters, and the hydroxyls of the target with mild acid-labile protecting groups. A two-step ...
Ichihara Ken'ichi - - 2010
A convenient method using commercial aqueous concentrated HCl (conc. HCl; 35%, w/w) as an acid catalyst was developed for preparation of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) from sterol esters, triacylglycerols, phospholipids, and FFAs for gas-liquid chromatography (GC). An 8% (w/v) solution of HCl in methanol/water (85:15, v/v) was prepared by ...
Nelson Kristina Y - - 2010
A new methodology is presented here as an effective, preliminary technique for the identification of indigenous aerobic and facultatively anaerobic bacterial communities found within microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The dual-phased method, named Rapid Agitation Static Incubation-Microbial Identification, or RASI-MIDI, is comprised of rapidly agitating the sample within a SLYM-BART tester ...
Mitsukura K - - 2010
Alcaligenes sp. NBRC 14130 was found as a strain hydrolysing a mixture of (+/-)-trans- and (+/-)-cis ethyl chrysanthemates to (1R,3R)-(+)-trans-chrysanthemic acid. The Alcaligenes cells also have hydrolytic activity for 6-aminohexanoate-cyclic dimer (6-AHCD, 1,8-diazacyclotetradecane-2,9-dione). The correlation of function on the enzyme from the Alcaligenes strain with hydrolysis activities for both ethyl ...
Marques Gisela - - 2010
The fate of lipophilic extractives from several nonwoody species (flax, hemp, sisal and abaca) used for the manufacturing of cellulose pulps, was studied during soda/anthraquinone (AQ) pulping and totally chorine free (TCF) and elemental chlorine free (ECF) bleaching. With this purpose, the lipophilic extracts from the raw materials and their ...
Vale Paulo - - 2010
The presence of 7-O-acyl okadaic acid (OA) esters was studied by LC-MS in the digestive glands of blue mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and common cockle (Cerastoderma edule) from Albufeira lagoon, located 20km south of Lisbon. The profile of free and total fatty acids (FA) was analysed using a similar LC separation ...
Rontani Jean-Fran??ois - - 2009
Electron ionization mass spectra of several monounsaturated methyl-branched fatty acid methyl and trimethylsilyl esters were examined. These spectra exhibited some intensive fragment ions, whose formation could be explained after double-bond migration to methylidene position. This preferential migration (substantiated by deuterium labeling) acts significantly in the case of monounsaturated fatty acid ...
Schuhmann Imelda - - 2009
Twenty-five aromatic nitro, dinitro and trinitro compounds were isolated in low yields of less than 1 mg l(-1) from a Salegentibacter sp. strain T436 derived from Arctic pack ice. Their structures were elucidated by MS and NMR techniques. Seven of these compounds, namely, 2-hydroxy-3-(4'-hydroxy-3'-nitrophenyl)-propionic acid methyl ester (6), 2-chloro-3- (4'-hydroxy-3'-nitrophenyl)propionic ...
Molina-Salinas Gloria Mar?a - - 2010
The antituberculosis activity of 14 natural azorellane and mulinane diterpenoids isolated from Azorella compacta, Azorella madreporica, Mulinum crassifolium, and Laretia acaulis, together with eight semisynthetic derivatives, was evaluated against two Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. The natural azorellanes azorellanol (3) and 17-acetoxy-13-alpha-hydroxyazorellane (6), and the semisynthetic mulinanes 13-hydroxy-mulin-11-en-20-oic-acid methyl ester (13) and ...
Fernández E - - 2009
Replacing the counterion in sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate with H(+) allows strongly acidic microemulsions to be obtained. These systems are the only known colloidal medium in which it is possible to reach local concentrations of acid, expressed as Hammett acidity function (H(0)), lower than H(0) = -0.2, which corresponds to a concentration ...
Li Ning - - 2009
Among the five vinyl esters bearing phenyl ring in acyl moiety, the lipase from Burkholderia cepacia was most specific toward vinyl 4-phenylbutyrate. Additionally, 3'-regioselectivity of the enzyme was enhanced with the increment of acyl chain length. The lipophilic 3'-arylaliphatic acid esters of floxuridine, its potential prodrugs, were synthesized with high ...
Krief Alain - - 2009
This review reports different syntheses of deltamethrinic acid, especially those originating from our laboratory. Deltamethrinic acid is a synthetic compound whose structure is inspired from those present in the flower head of the plant Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Its ester 'deltamethrin' exhibits an extremely high insecticidal activity (DDTx35.000) and an extremely low ...
Koseki Takuma - - 2009
Fast-disintegrating tablets of furosemide (FS) were prepared by the novel direct compression method. FS, microcrystalline cellulose (MC), croscarmellose sodium (CC), xylitol (XL) and sucrose stearic acid esters (SSEs) with an hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) of 16, 15 and 11, named S1670, S1570 and S1170, were used. An FS/SSE/MC mixed powder was ...
Luo Lian Hua - - 2009
To discover an active skin depigmenting agent, we isolated a novel inhibitor of melanin biosynthesis from the methanol extract of Erigeron breviscapus using a bioactivity-guided fractionation and identified it as (2Z,8Z)-matricaria acid methyl ester by means of spectroscopic analysis. The compound showed strong whitening activity in melan-a cell. Compared with ...
Torres C F - - 2009
Countercurrent supercritical fractionation of the fatty acid ethyl esters from butteroil has been investigated. The main objective of the present study was to obtain extracts rich in short- and medium-chain fatty acid ethyl esters. To that end, transesterification of the original butteroil was used to transform the triacylglycerols into the ...
del Ruiz Ruiz Maria Carmen - - 2009
3-O-Glycopyranosides of glycyrrhetinic acid have been synthesized in good to high yields and excellent stereoselectivity using glycosyl bromide donors and silver zeolite as promoter. In addition to the preparation of glycosides containing beta-linked glucosyl, 2-deoxy-2-trichloroacetamido-glucosyl, galactosyl, cellobiosyl and lactosyl residues, also the deactivated acetylated methyl glucopyranosyluronate bromide donor could be ...
Shu Chunying - - 2009
Two new 6,6-open phenyl-C(81)-butyric acid methyl ester metallofulleroids, M(3)N@C(80)PCBM (M = Sc, Y), were synthesized by diazoalkane addition reactions and fully characterized. The results demonstrate that the reactive sites are the same for M(3)N@C(80) (M = Sc, Y) but dramatically different from that of C(60).
Du Yong-Hua - - 2009
Four fractions obtained from chloroform extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil by column chromatography were investigated for acaricidal activity against Sarcoptes scabiei var. cuniculi larvae in vitro. Octadecanoic acid-tetrahydrofuran-3,4-diyl ester was isolated from an active fraction of the chloroform extract and its toxicity against S. scabiei larvae was tested in ...
Venkat Ragavan R - - 2009
alpha-Oxy/thio substituted-beta-keto esters were synthesized through an efficient cross-Claisen condensation of aryl oxy/thio acetic acid ethyl esters with acid chlorides, then it is converted in situ into 4-oxy/thio substituted-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-ones by the addition of hydrazine or hydrazine derivatives and screened for their antibacterial, antifungal activities.
Zhang Xiaojun - - 2009
Microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) were proposed for the first time as a new type of biofuel. In this paper, poly-R-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and medium chain length PHA (mcl PHA) were, respectively, esterified to become R-3-hydroxybutyrate methyl ester (3HBME) and medium chain length hydroxyalkanoate methyl ester (3HAME) via acid-catalyzed hydrolysis. The recovery percentages ...
Abdel-Azeem Ahmed Z - - 2009
The discovery of the inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase enzyme (COX-2) spurred the search for anti-inflammatory agents devoid of the undesirable effects associated with classical NSAIDs. New chlorzoxazone ester prodrugs (6-8) of some acidic NSAIDs (1-3) were designed, synthesized and evaluated as mutual prodrugs with the aim of improving the therapeutic ...
Faist Johanna - - 2009
Several bicyclic amides and esters of dialkylamino acids were prepared. Their activities against a multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum and against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (STIB 900) were examined. Structure-activity relationships were discussed. Particularly the ester compounds showed good antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activity and a single compound was tested in vivo ...
Yamato Keisuke - - 2009
To develop a transdermal dosage form of propofol (PF), in vitro skin permeability and in vivo absorbability of PF were investigated in rats, and the effectiveness of enhancers on the transdermal delivery of PF was estimated. Propylene glycol (PG), isopropyl myristate and macrogol were used as co-solvent type enhancers. L(-)-Menthol ...
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