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Results 351 - 400 of 839
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Wajner M - - 1999
Recurrent infections are common features in patients affected by propionic acidaemia (McKusick 232000) and methylmalonic acidaemia (McKusick 251000). Since these disorders are biochemically characterized by tissue accumulation of propionic acid and methylmalonic acid respectively, it is possible that these compounds may act as immunosuppressants. We therefore investigated the effect of ...
Hankes L V - - 1999
Metabolism of 14C-labeled tryptophan and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid were administered to early hepatoma patients to evaluate the conversion of these precursors to niacin metabolites and to assess the effect of dietary supplementation with vitamin B-6, riboflavin, thiamin and vitamin C on the extent of conversion. Expired labeled carbon dioxide and urinary ...
Merouani A - - 1999
We report a 13-year-old girl with nephropathic cystinosis on chronic peritoneal dialysis who presented with two episodes of stroke. Laboratory evaluation showed severe hyperhomocysteinemia (108 mumol/l). Further testing revealed that she was homozygous for the thermolabile variant of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Treatment with folic acid and vitamin B12 ...
Dris R - - 1999
Field experiments were carried out at the Horticultural Research Institute, and in five commercial apple orchards, located in southwest Finland including the Aland Islands during 1994 and 1995. The experimental cultivars were Melba, Raike, Red Atlas, Akerö, Aroma, and Lobo. The treatments were untreated control and preharvest calcium chloride (CaCl2) ...
Weir D G - - 1999
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency associated neuropathy, originally called subacute combined degeneration, is particularly common in the elderly. The potential danger today is that with supplementation with folic acid of dietary staples such as flour, that the incidence of this disease could rise as folic acid, as opposed to natural folate ...
Douillet C - - 1998
Twenty-nine obese female Zucker rats (fa/fa) were fed with a laboratory chow supplemented or not with a selenium-rich yeast (Selenion), or Selenion + vitamin E, or vitamin E alone. Twelve lean female Zucker rats (Fa/Fa) of the same littermates fed with the same diet were used as control. After 32 ...
Wilcken D E - - 1998
The sulfur-containing amino acid, homocysteine, is formed from the essential amino acid methionine, and a number of B vitamins are involved in methionine metabolism. Pyridoxine, vitamin B6, is a cofactor for cystathionine beta synthase, which mediates the transformation of homocysteine to cystathionine, the initial step in the transsulfuration pathway and ...
Waggoner D J - - 1998
Methylmalonic acidemia can be secondary to a deficiency of methylmalonyl CoA mutase or to a defect of cobalamin metabolism that is classified by complementation group. We report on a new patient with cblF complementation group that is associated with an elevation of both methylmalonic acid and homocysteine, and her outcome ...
Varma S D - - 1998
The effect of half-mustard (2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, CEES) on the morphology and ultrastructure of the cornea has been studied in vitro. Extensive necrotic changes were observed histologically as well as electron microscopically. The outer layer of corneal epithelium was observed to undergo vacuolization and globulization prior to its denudation. The ...
Goss-Sampson M A - - 1998
Physiological and biochemical studies have been carried out longitudinally over a period of 12 months in vitamin E deficient and control rats to gain an understanding of the mechanism whereby vitamin E conserves normal retinal function. Electroretinographic studies indicated that the primary effect of vitamin E deficiency was on the ...
Allwood M C - - 1998
The addition of additives (electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins) to parenteral nutrition (PN) mixtures can lead to precipitation as a result of physical incompatibilities and can lead to chemical degradation of individual ingredients. The most significant cause of precipitation is excessive concentrations of calcium phosphate. The most significant cause of ...
Mori K - - 1998
A simple and accurate method for determination of vitamin C (ascorbic acid (AsA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHA)) using 4,5-dimethyl-o-phenylenediamine (DMPD) was investigated. It was found that DMPD is a useful fluorescent reagent. The reaction product of DMPD with DHA showed strong and stable fluorescence (Ex; 360 nm, Em; 440 nm). ...
Bouvier F - - 1998
Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP), which is produced from mevalonic acid or other nonmevalonic substrates, is the universal precursor of isoprenoids in nature. Despite the presence of several isoprenoid compounds in plastids, enzymes of the mevalonate pathway leading to IPP formation have never been isolated or identified to our knowledge. We now ...
Pawson R - - 1998
Deficiency of any of the vitamins and minerals essential for normal erythropoiesis (haematinics), including iron, copper, cobalt, vitamins A, B12, B6, C, E, folic acid, riboflavin and nicotinic acid, may be associated with defective erythropoiesis and anaemia. Iron, vitamin B12 and folate are the haematinics for which deficiency states manifest ...
Carini M - - 1998
The protective effect of procyanidins (catechin oligomers) from Vitis vinifera seeds on the UVB-promoted photo-oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) (linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids, 35 mM) has been studied in 0.5 mM sodium dodecylsulfate micelles exposed to UVB radiation (1-8 J cm-2) and determined qualitatively by Fourier transform infrared ...
Bordoni A - - 1998
Delta-6-desaturase (D6D) activity is influenced by many nutritional and non-nutritional factors, among which one of the most important is aging. D6D activity could be susceptible to the dual influence of aging itself and of nutritional deficiencies, due to the reduced intake and/or absorption of essential nutrients. Particularly, vitamin B6 deficiency ...
Gonthier A - - 1998
Immunological assays appear to be the only alternative to the microbiological method for analysis of pantothenic acid in foods and blood. In order to evaluate the influence of the linker on the immunogenicity of the hapten, we have tried to raise antisera against pantothenic acid in rabbits using different conjugates. ...
Kudo Y - - 1998
The effect of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and 2-methyl-3-all-trans-tetraphenyl-1,4-naphtoquinone (vitamin K2) on the synthesis of osteocalcin containing gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) residues which is the physiologically relevant form in bone metabolism was studied in cultured human osteoblast-like (MG-63) cells. Both IGF-I and vitamin K2 stimulated 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3)-induced osteocalcin containing Gla ...
Qureshi G A - - 1998
In this study, the use of neurochemical markers in patients with aseptic and tuberculous meningitis has been investigated. The cerebrospinal fluid levels of amino acids, nitrite (a metabolite of nitric oxide), vitamin B12 and homocysteine were quantitated in both groups of patients. Among the amino acids, aspartic acid and glutamic ...
Dalvit G C - - 1998
The aim of this work was to study the effect of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and ascorbic acid on the in vitro fertilization process. Frozen bovine semen was prepared using extenders with and without addition of vitamin E. Samples were capacitated with heparin in the fertilization medium. In vitro matured oocytes ...
Brown K M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Adequate dietary intakes of vitamin E and essential polyunsaturated fatty acids are important to maintain cell membrane integrity, and deficiencies have been associated with smoking related cardiovascular disease. Sufficient vitamin E is required to prevent free radical mediated peroxidation of membrane lipids. Consequently, smokers may have a greater requirement ...
De Vriese A S - - 1998
Elevated serum levels of homocysteine, a sulphur-containing amino acid, are increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic and thrombotic vascular disease. Presence of a thermolabile variant of methylenetetrahydrofolatereductase and an inadequate folate status are the most common causes of hyperhomocysteinaemia. Homocysteine damages the vessel wall mainly through generation ...
Dierkes J - - 1998
Elevated plasma homocysteine levels are a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. Elevated fasting plasma homocysteine concentrations can be reduced by vitamin supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12, but the effect of nutritive amounts of single vitamins on homocysteine plasma levels within the normal range is not known. ...
Hong S Y - - 1998
In order to see whether conventional low-dose folic acid supplement along with vitamin B6 and B12 reduces hyperhomocysteinemia in patients with ESRD, we compared the levels of homocysteine, vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid among 3 groups of patients: 44 ESRD patients on hemodialysis with replacement of folic acid, vitamin ...
Tessier F - - 1998
Cataract formation is believed to result from an oxidative insult which decreases the antioxidant defense of the lens, particularly the vitamin C concentration. Upon oxidation, vitamin C contributes with glucose to protein glycation. It also favours tryptophan oxidation, resulting in fluorescent peptide cross-links and protein insolubilisation. The relationship between cataract ...
Fischer A B - - 1998
Mammalian cell cultures were used to determine the capacity of antidotes to modify (a) lead uptake, (b) lead toxicity and (c) lead release from cells. The following chelating agents were tested: Na, Ca-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), nitriloacetic acid, ethylene glycol-bis(aminoethyl)tetraacetic acid (EGTA), D,L-mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA), meso-2,3-dimercaptopropanesuccinic acid (MSA), ...
Personelle J - - 1998
Experimental studies concerning All-Trans Retinoic acid 0.1% with the antioxidant action of the Vitamin E (tocopherol acetate 0.20%) and Vitamin C (coated ascorbic acid 0.20%) efficacy in both the vascular neoformation induction and cellular membrane stabilization have been conducted by us to improve skin necrosis regression after routine plastic surgeries. ...
Hassoun E A - - 1997
The ability of vitamin E succinate and ellagic acid to modulate 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced developmental toxicity and oxidative damage in embryonic/fetal and placental tissues was studied in C57BL/6J mice. Vitamin E succinate (100 mg/kg per day) and ellagic acid(6 mg/kg per day) were administered by gavage to groups of pregnant mice ...
Racioppi M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To compare the plasma levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid following resection of ileocecal or ileal segments used for orthotopic bladder substitution. METHODS: Hemoglobin, hematocrit, and plasma levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid were measured in 34 patients with ileocecourethrostomy (ICUS) and in 16 patients with ileal ...
Tungtrongchitr R - - 1997
Serum vitamin B12, folic acid, ferritin and haematological variables were investigated in six hundred and seven women from 12 villages of 3 districts namely Chumpae, Srichumpu and Pupaman of Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand within the age range of 15-45 years. The cut-off point of haemoglobin concentration < 12 g/dl ...
Dilsiz N - - 1997
The aim of our studies was to test the effect and role of vitamin E and selenium supplements on yeast cell. In this study, the effects of selenium (Se), vitamin E (Vit. E), and their combination (Se plus Vit. E) on the composition of fatty acids and proteins were examined ...
Gokhale M S - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine whether medium supplementation by antioxidants and fatty acids would improve the viability of cultured rat hepatocytes and protect them against doxorubicin toxicity. We examined the effects of three agents: vitamin E, sodium pyruvate and egg yolk (the combination of vitamin E, sodium ...
Juhlin L - - 1997
The aim of this 2-year study was to test the hypothesis that folic acid, vitamin B12 and sun exposure could be helpful in treating vitiligo. One hundred patients with vitiligo were treated with oral folic acid and vitamin B12 after being informed that sun exposure might enhance repigmentation. They were ...
Esposito G - - 1997
Pivagabine (4-[(2,2-dimethyl-1-oxopropyl)amino]butanoic acid, CAS 69542-93-4, Tonerg) is a metabolically stable compound with a modulatory effect on some biochemical parameters involved in stress conditions (corticotropin releasing factor, neurosteroids). The compound, tested in several animal models, prevents stress-correlated behavioural deficits. Moreover, pivagabine has a highly significant therapeutic potential in clinical conditions characterized ...
Koo D B - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of fetal calf serum (FCS), non-essential MEM amino acids, MEM vitamins and insulin on blastocoel formation, expansion and hatching in porcine embryos developing in vitro. Addition of 20% FCS to the NCSU 23 medium significantly (P < 0.05) decreased by ...
Stabler S P - - 1997
Vitamin B-12 deficiency is present in up to 15% of the elderly population as documented by elevated methylmalonic acid with or without elevated total homocysteine concentrations in combination with low or low-normal vitamin B-12 concentrations. Clinical signs and symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency are insensitive in elderly subjects and comorbidity ...
Morreale M - - 1997
Considerable interest has been raised concerning the use of natural compounds in preventing skin aging and photoaging. In the idea that the combined action of agents increasing epidermal turnover with antioxidants could be advantageous in cosmetic and therapeutic treatments, we first investigated if alpha-glycolic acid affected or prevented the antioxidant ...
Smit E N - - 1997
Erythrocyte fatty acids and plasma vitamin E concentrations were determined in 47 grade 2 and 21 grade 3 malnourished Pakistani children (ages 4-56 months). Data were compared with those of 26 age- and sex-matched apparently healthy controls. Evaluation with three statistical approaches revealed that both grade 2 and grade 3 ...
Rosenau T - - 1997
Reaction of 5a-bromo-alpha-tocopherol with ascorbic acid produces 5a-tocopheryl ascorbate which is designated "vitamin CE." This novel tocopherol derivative represents an interesting prodrug form of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) that is stable under acidic conditions, but regenerates finely dispersed vitamin E in basic media. The reaction mechanism of the base-induced decomposition of ...
Pietrzik K - - 1997
Recently, elevated homocysteine blood concentrations have been identified as an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic lesions. The amino acid homocysteine is metabolized in the human body involving the vitamins folic acid, B12 and B6 as essential cofactors and coenzymes, respectively. There is an inverse relationship between the ...
Declair V - - 1997
This study investigated whether the topical application of essential fatty acids improves hydration and elasticity and helps prevent skin breakdown in individuals with poor nutritional status. Between June 1995 and July 1996, 86 patients, equally divided into two groups, underwent double-blind research (mean age = 60; range 26-78). All patients ...
Thunell S - - 1997
In order to elucidate the question of free radical involvement in acute porphyric crisis, antioxidants were administered to two acute intermittent porphyria patients with long-standing recurrent attacks. Clinical condition and urinary excretion of porphyrins and porphyrin precursors were monitored before, during and after an eight week therapy with daily doses ...
Yilmaz O - - 1997
The aim of this work was to determine the protective effect of intraperitoneally and dietary administered vitamin E and selenium (Se) on the total lipid, cholesterol, and fatty acid composition in rat and lamb testes. The level of total lipid in rat testes was significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in ...
Austria R - - 1997
The stability of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (VC-PMG) in both standard solutions and topical formulations was investigated by direct RP-HPLC analysis after sample dilution with a suitable aqueous-organic solvent mixture. The results showed that, whereas the two vitamin C derivatives were more stable than ascorbic acid, ...
Yilmaz O - - 1997
The object was to determine the influence of dietary vitamin E, selenium and their combination on the fatty acid content of erythrocytes, bone marrow and spleen lipids of Akkaraman lambs. After supplementation for 15 days, the amount of all fatty acids was slightly higher (p < 0.05) in the vitamin ...
Yilmaz O - - 1997
The aim of this work was to determine the protective effects of intraperitoneally administrated vitamin E and Se on total lipid, total cholesterol, and fatty acid composition of rat liver and muscle tissues. Total lipid content of muscle tissue in Se and combination groups decreased as compared to the control ...
Socha P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Treatment of vitamin E-deficient cholestatic children with water-soluble alpha-tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) was previously shown to normalize vitamin E status and to improve neurological outcome. METHODS: Because vitamin E plays an important role as a free-radical scavenger, we studied the effects of long-term TPGS supplementation on lipid peroxidation ...
Schloss I I Gastro-intestinal Clinic, University of Cape - - 1997
To examine the relative roles of dietary fibre, anti-oxidant vitamins and fish oils in the relatively low incidence of colon cancer in coloured West Coast fishermen. Dietary intake survey, based on food frequency questionnaire and household surveys. Blood sampling for vitamin and fatty acid concentrations. Isolated West Coast fishing villages ...
Mézes M - - 1997
Deficiencies or disturbances of nutrition cause a variety of diseases and can arise in different ways. The amount of a particular nutrient in the diet may be insufficient to meet the requirements, the diet may contain substances that inactivate the nutrient or inhibit its absorption/utilisation, or metabolism may be upset ...
Kendler B S - - 1997
Nutritional factors play an important role in the development and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, health care professionals may overlook, or even disregard, some of these factors for several reasons, including inadequate training and conflicting reports in the biomedical literature. This review provides a synopsis of more than two-dozen ...
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