Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 839
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Taylor B V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To summarize results of clinical trials investigating the role of homocysteine (tHcy) as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of vitamin therapy (folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12) in primary and secondary prevention of CAD. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE was searched from January ...
Djuric D - - 2000
Homocysteine is an amino acid and a product of methionine metabolism that is metabolized through two different enzymatic pathways: transsulfuration and remethylation. Vitamin B6 is important in homocysteine transsulfuration, whereas folate and vitamin B12 play significant roles in homocysteine remethylation. The hyperhomocysteinemia offers an explanation for observations on human arteriosclerosis ...
Plessinger M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes has been associated with infection, cigarette smoking, and bleeding. Hypochlorous acid (a reactive oxygen species) is central to the body's response to infection, yet it may damage surrounding tissue while destroying pathogens. We examined in vitro the tissue-damaging actions of hypochlorous acid on ...
Demain A L - - 2000
The versatility of microbial biosynthesis is enormous. The most industrially important primary metabolites are the amino acids, nucleotides, vitamins, solvents, and organic acids. Millions of tons of amino acids are produced each year with a total multibillion dollar market. Many synthetic vitamin production processes are being replaced by microbial fermentations. ...
Hochberg M - - 2000
The evidence from randomised, controlled trials of the ability of antiresorptive treatments to reduce the risk of fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis is reviewed and summarised. The aminobisphosphonates, alendronic acid and risedronic acid, and the selective estrogen receptor modulator raloxifene have all been shown to reduce the incidence of ...
Sulochana K N - - 2000
The aim of the study is to screen patients for homocystinuria with and without cataract and analyse for homocystine and methionine. Fifty-eight samples from 29 patients, i.e., plasma and urine collected after overnight fasting were analysed by the screening test for homocystine, and paper chromatography for homocystine and methionine. Out ...
Kmiecik W - - 2000
Evaluation was made of six tomato cultivars (Micra RS, Dual Plus F1, Pasadena F1, RS 356743 F1, RS 933409 F1, and Sanga F1) produced by Seminis Vegetable Seeds breeders and recommended for freezing in slices or cubes. Of the investigated cultivars only RS 356743 F1 showed morphological traits that did ...
Rinne T - - 2000
There is considerable evidence that oxygen free radicals are involved in reperfusion injury of ischemic myocardium. Epidemiologic studies showed an inverse correlation between plasma levels of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and mortality from ischemic heart disease. The present study examines the influence of both vitamins on ...
Revillas J J - - 2000
Azotobacter vinelandii strain ATCC 12837 and A. chroococcum strain H23 (CECT 4435) were able to grow on N-free or NH4Cl-amended chemically-defined (Burk's) media, with protocatechuic acid (1-2 mmol 1(-1)) or sodium p-hydroxybenzoate (1-10 mmol 1(-1)) as sole carbon (C) sources. At a concentration of 2 mmol 1(-1), both substrates supported ...
Zakharova E A - - 2000
The effects of six water-soluble vitamins on tryptophan-dependent synthesis of indole-3-acetic acid in Azospirillum brasilense were investigated. A multifactorial regression analysis was employed to produce models of indole-3-acetic acid synthesis versus concentrations of tryptophan and the vitamins added to the growth medium. Very low levels of the B-group vitamins added ...
Shankar A H - - 2000
This review critically examines the relationship between nutritional status and malaria. The data indicate that protein-energy malnutrition is associated with greater malaria morbidity and mortality in humans. In addition, controlled trials of either vitamin A or zinc supplementation show that these nutrients can substantially reduce clinical malaria attacks. Data for ...
Castellini C - - 2000
The objective of this research was to verify the effects of dietary alpha-tocopheryl acetate (50 vs. 200 mg/kg diet) and ascorbic acid (0 vs. 1 g/L water) on the relative amounts on semen and motion characteristics, oxidative stability and fertilizing ability of rabbit spermatozoa stored for 24 h at 5 ...
Hamilton I M - - 2000
Despite convincing in vitro evidence, a vitamin C-E interaction has not been confirmed in vivo. This study was designed to examine the effects of supplementation with either vitamin C or E on their respective plasma concentrations, other antioxidants, lipids and some haemostatic variables. Fasting blood was collected before and after ...
Sponne I E - - 2000
Vitamin B12 is implicated in methylation processes. Myelin basic protein is methylated on one arginine group. A defect in methylation could produce an unstable protein, leading to neurological disorders. In order to study myelin basic protein, we have developed the cultures of newborn rat oligodendrocytes in vitamin B12-depleted medium. As ...
Dow J L - - 2000
Exposure of rats to trichloroethylene induces a sustained excretion of large amounts of formic acid in urine. Both of the major metabolites, trichloroethanol and trichloroacetic acid, were found to induce this response, but not the minor metabolite S-(1, 2-dichlorovinyl) cysteine. Other polychlorinated solvents, including carbon tetrachloride and chloroform, also increased ...
Gerson C D - - 2000
Clinical investigation of the small bowel at The Mount Sinai Hospital began with David Adlersberg's arrival in 1931. His research interests were in bile acids, cholesterol, carotene, and vitamin A. In 1952, he was given a Nutrition Laboratory and later, a Nutrition Clinic. His vitamin A tolerance test and interest ...
Maugard T - - 2000
Immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica (Novozym 435) was used in organic media to catalyze esterifications of vitamins (ascorbic acid and retinol) from hydroxy acid. We described the synthesis of retinyl L-lactate by transesterification between retinol and L-methyl lactate with yield reaching 90% and the synthesis of ascorbyl L-lactate by transesterification ...
Matos J P - - 2000
Little attention has been given to the effects of reuse on the permeability of low-flux membranes, especially regarding middle molecules. We studied two different types of low-flux membranes at reuses 0, 6, and 12 in five patients undergoing hemodialysis with the following combinations of membrane and sterilant: cellulose diacetate membrane ...
Visioli F - - 2000
The lipid composition and alpha-tocopherol content of human monocytes were investigated before and after their differentiation to macrophages. The total lipid and protein content per number of cells increased after the differentiation of monocytes by approximately four-fold; a two-fold increase in docosahexaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids and a two-fold decrease in ...
Iida K - - 2000
Analysis of the (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of (13)C-labeled vitamin B(12) biosynthesized from D-[1-(13)C]glucose by Propionibacterium shermanii provided evidence suggesting that delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) incorporated in the (13)C-labeled vitamin B(12) may have been synthesized via both the Shemin pathway and the C5 pathway under anaerobic conditions in the ...
Fuhrmann H - - 2000
Vitamin E deficiency and linoleic acid-feeding lead to nutritional encephalomalacia (NE) in chicks, affecting the cerebellum exclusively. The relevance of lipid peroxidation (LPO) products to the pathogenesis of the disease was studied. Laying hens received a diet low in vitamin E. Resulting chicks were assigned to four groups fed either ...
Meluzzi A - - 2000
Because of the proposed cardioprotective benefits of n-3 fatty acids and vitamin E, a trial was carried out to investigate the possibility of enriching eggs with n-3 fatty acid and vitamin E added to the hen's diet. One hundred ninety-two Hy-Line Brown hens, 39-wk-old, were divided into eight groups: four ...
Rychlik M - - 2000
A stable isotope dilution assay for quantification of pantothenic acid in food and blood plasma uses a 4-fold labeled isotopomer of the vitamin as an internal standard. Pantothenic acid and its labeled analogue were detected as trimethylsilyl derivatives by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, showing a minimized spectral overlap. In starch a ...
Jurutka P W - - 2000
The human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) is a ligand-regulated transcription factor that mediates the actions of the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 hormone to effect bone mineral homeostasis. Employing mutational analysis, we characterized Arg-18/Arg-22, hVDR residues immediately N-terminal of the first DNA binding zinc finger, as vital for contact with human basal transcription ...
Valk E E - - 2000
Vitamin E is the general term for all tocopherols and tocotrienols, of which alpha-tocopherol is the natural and biologically most active form. Although gamma-tocopherol makes a significant contribution to the vitamin E CONTENT in foods, it is less effective in animal and human tissues, where alpha-tocopherol is the most effective ...
Nakazato Y - - 2000
The application of methionine on wounded rice leaves induced the production of rice phytoalexins, sakuranetin and momilactone A. This induction resulted from stimulation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase activity. Jasmonic acid, ethylene, and active oxygen species are important as signal transducers in disease resistance mechanisms. However, although the endogenous ...
Temple M E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the role of homocysteine as a risk factor in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and to provide recommendations for the treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search using key terms such as homocysteine, atherosclerosis, folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 was conducted for the time period ...
Shimoi H - - 2000
Kyokai no. 7 is the most widely used yeast in sake brewing. This yeast is a pantothenic acid auxotroph at 35 degrees C, and this phenotype has been used to distinguish Kyokai no. 7 from other sake yeasts. We cloned a DNA fragment complementing the pantothenic acid auxotrophy from a ...
Hogenkamp H P - - 2000
Three vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) conjugates bearing one nido-carborane molecule or two nido-carborane molecules linked to the propionamide side chains via a four carbon linker have been synthesized. Reaction of o-carboranoylchloride with 1,4-diaminobutane in pyridine produced nido-carboranoyl(4-amidobutyl)amine, which was linked to the b- and d-monocarboxylic acids and the b,d-dicarboxylic acid of ...
West T P - - 2000
The ability of casamino acids and vitamin-assay casamino acids to support gellan production by Sphingomonas paucimobilis ATCC 31461 was examined in a medium containing glucose or corn syrup as the carbon source relative to yeast extract supplementation. When glucose or corn syrup served as the carbon source, the presence of ...
Roth-Maier D A - - 2000
This study was conducted to investigate the apparent precaecal digestibilities of niacin and pantothenic acid from human nutrient related foods including wheat, coarse whole-meal bread, boiled potatoes and boiled pork and beef. Therefore, pigs were subjected to an end-to-end ileo-rectal anastomosis, so digesta passed straight from ileum to rectum, eliminating ...
Musik I - - 1999
Antioxidant properties of selenium producing a protective barrier against free radicals play an important role in numerous metabolic and immunologic processes associated with oxidation-reduction reactions which take place during intracellular digestion of phagocyted bacteria. The aim of our study was to examine the properties of an organic compound of selenium, ...
Grudpan K - - 1999
Two simple flow injection (FI) procedures for the determination of ascorbic acid content in a vitamin C tablet are proposed: spectrophotometric involving injection into a stream of acidic potassium permanganate solution and monitoring its color change due to the redox reaction; FI conductometry based on the neutralization of ascorbic acid ...
Kelly G S - - 1999
Prolonged stress, whether a result of mental/emotional upset or due to physical factors such as malnutrition, surgery, chemical exposure, excessive exercise, sleep deprivation, or a host of other environmental causes, results in predictable systemic effects. The systemic effects of stress include increased levels of stress hormones such as cortisol, a ...
Hidiroglou M - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of multiple oral supplementation of two forms of vitamin C on plasma ascorbic acid concentrations in dairy cows. Vitamin C was administrated at the rate of 40 g/d during a 5-d period. The supplements were vitamin C in the form ...
Bouchard B A - - 1999
The vitamin K-dependent carboxylase catalyzes the posttranslational modification of glutamic acid to gamma-carboxyglutamic acid in the vitamin K-dependent proteins of blood and bone. The vitamin K-dependent carboxylase also catalyzes the epoxidation of vitamin K hydroquinone, an obligatory step in gamma-carboxylation. Using recombinant vitamin K-dependent carboxylase, purified in the absence of ...
Perna A F - - 1999
Homocysteine, a sulfur amino acid, is an important methionine derivative, which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherothrombosis. Although only observational, epidemiological studies are available at present, the evidence of an association between hyperhomocysteinemia and increased cardiovascular risk is quite strong and this is confirmed also in a population ...
Stolz J - - 1999
The product of the FEN2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has previously been described as a protein conferring sensitivity to the antifungal agent fenpropimorph. Fen2p was postulated to act as a common regulator of carbon and nitrogen catabolite repression and of amino acid and ergosterol biosynthesis. In this paper, we present ...
Kall M A - - 1999
The total vitamin C amount in different food and plasma samples was determined by a dual detection system, after HPLC separation, with direct detection of ascorbic acid and indirect fluorimetric detection of dehydroascorbic acid after a post-column O-phenyldiamine derivatisation. The two active forms of vitamin C and their D-isomers were ...
Kim S M - - 1999
The association of vitiligo and pernicious anemia has been previously documented. The low levels of folic acid and vitamin B12 were thought to be related to vitiligo. To date, there have been very few reports about the serum levels of folic acid and vitamin B12 in patients with vitiligo. Using ...
Chung J G - - 1999
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activities with 2-aminofluorene (2-AF) and p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) were determined in the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Cytosols or suspensions of H. pylori, with or without specific concentrations of vitamin E co-treatment, showed different percentages of 2-AF acetylation. The data indicated that there was increased NAT activity associated with ...
Kenyon S H - - 1999
The effect of the industrial chemical, hydrazine (4-12 mM), on methionine synthase (EC 2.1.1.13) activity and levels of the sulphur amino acids homocysteine, cysteine, and taurine as well as GSH were investigated in vitro in isolated rat hepatocyte suspensions and monolayers in order to explain some of the adverse in ...
Celik S - - 1999
In this study, the effects of dietary vitamin E, selenium, and their combination on the levels of fatty acid composition of the brain and liver tissues were examined. In brain tissue, the amounts of most fatty acids increased in vitamin E, combination and selenium groups compared with control group values. ...
Vellema P - - 1999
In a controlled field study of three years' duration we evaluated the effect of cobalt supplementation on pathological changes in cobalt/vitamin B12-deficient Texel twin lambs grazing the same cobalt-deficient pasture. Semi-quantitative evaluation of the histopathology of liver and brain was done on 44 sets of twins. Pathological changes were related ...
Bender D A - - 1999
The metabolism of glucose is deranged in thiamin deficiency, but once any deficiency has been corrected there is no further effect of increased thiamin intake on the ability to metabolize glucose through either pyruvate dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.4.1) and the citric acid cycle, or the pentose phosphate pathway, in which transketolase ...
Phull P S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Vitamin C is an important endogenous antioxidant, and epidemiologic evidence suggests that it may protect against the development of gastric cancer. We therefore determined mucosal vitamin-C levels in the stomach and duodenum of subjects with and without Helicobacter pylori infection. METHODS: The patients were 30 subjects undergoing routine gastroscopy ...
Schneider D - - 1999
Pangamic acid (6-O-(dimethylaminoacetyl)-D-gluconic acid) has been detected 1938 and described as a natural, universally occurring substance with multiple biological and medical functions. In this respect pangamic acid has been worldwide on the market since decades as a drug stimulating cellular respiration. In addition to the natural pangamic acid, diisopropylammonium dichloroacetate ...
Said H M - - 1999
This article provides an overview of advances in understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms and regulation of intestinal absorption processes of vitamins. The vitamins covered are the water-soluble vitamins folic acid, cobalamin (vitamin B12), biotin, pantothenic acid, and thiamine (vitamin B1) and the lipid-soluble vitamin A. For folate, significant advances ...
Seri M - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to assay the ascorbic acid and tocopherol levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of smokers and nonsmokers with clinically healthy gingiva. The comparison was determined between the area physically exposed to smoke and the controlateral area. All tested areas required to be free from ...
Gönül B - - 1999
In this study, the antioxidant protection of ascorbic acid (AA) supplementation during different unfed periods (24, 48, 120 h) was determined with blood lipid peroxidation level (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS) and compared with plasma antioxidant sulfydryl group (RSH) content. Weight loss was induced by increasing the unfed period together ...
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