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Van Vleet J F - - 1992
The etiology of selenium-vitamin E (Se-E) deficiency diseases may be complex. Many of the syndromes involve combined deficiency of selenium and vitamin E. Selenium moves into the animal and human food chain from soil and plants, which may contain inadequate amounts of the nutrient in many areas of the world. ...
Hagelskjaer L - - 1992
Accumulation of methylmalonic acid may provide an early clue to deficiency of cobalamin (vitamin B12) in tissue. Metabolic abnormalities involving precursors of methylmalonic acid are frequently observed in patients with hepatic diseases. To establish whether methylmalonic acid accumulates and thereby gives false-positive test results for cobalamin deficiency, we measured the ...
Rider J A - - 1992
The search for biochemical abnormalities in the neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses (NCL) or Batten disease was initiated with the discovery of normal levels of gangliosides in juvenile amaurotic idiocy. The primary goal of most biochemical studies has been to discover the unique biochemical marker for carriers and at-risk individual. Ceroid, the singular ...
Wickramasinghe S N - - 1992
The serum of subjects consuming ethanol contains a non-dialysable cytotoxic activity, which is thought to reside in unstable acetaldehyde-protein adducts: the cytotoxic effects have been attributed to the transfer of acetaldehyde molecules from such adducts to target cells. When post-alcohol sera are incubated for 3 hr with ascorbic acid, thioctic ...
Sato K - - 1992
Addition to media of yeast extract, a vitamin mixture containing vitamin B(12), biotin, pyridoxamine, and p-aminobenzoic acid, or vitamin B(12) alone enhanced formation of ethanol but decreased lactate production in the fermentation of cellulose by Clostridium thermocellum I-1-B. A similar effect was not observed with C. thermocellum ATCC 27405 and ...
Lee H S - - 1992
Experiments were carried out to measure the urinary excretion of free and conjugated malonaldehyde (MDA) and other thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in vitamin E deficient and vitamin E supplemented rats. From both dietary groups, six TBA positive fractions were isolated, in addition to that containing free MDA, by high-performance ...
Mohanty-Hejmadi P - - 1992
Niazi and Saxena first observed that vitamin A has an inhibitory and modifying influence on tail regeneration in Bufo andersonii tadpoles. A positive relationship was later found between the inhibiting influence of vitamin A and the developmental stage of the regenerating tail in the same species. There have been several ...
Newland M C - - 1992
Ethanol consumption alters the levels and distribution of pantothenic acid and its metabolic products, an effect that can be counteracted by preloading with pantothenic acid. Ethanol also produces significant disturbances in motor function and has a potent tremorolytic activity when administered acutely. To investigate the interaction of pantothenic acid and ...
Strain J J - - 1992
The synergistic relationship between ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) in the inhibition of lipid peroxidation has been known for some time and is now well established in vitro systems. The possibility that ascorbic acid may also reduce tocopheroxyl radicals in vivo is a subject of some interest ...
Beilstein M A - - 1991
The chemical forms of selenium were determined in maize grown near Yutangba Village and in rice grown near Haubei village, Exi Prefecture, Enshi county of Hubei Province, China. The maize sample contained 18 ppm and the rice samples an average of 3.6 ppm selenium. After they were ground to obtain ...
Sauberlich H E - - 1991
D-Erythorbic acid is an epimer of L-ascorbic acid, but lacks antiscorbutic activity. It is commonly used as a food additive, particularly in processed meat items. Except for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methodology, the commonly used analytical procedures to measure vitamin C do not distinguish between the two isomers. A study ...
Muskiet F A - - 1991
Thirteen patients (aged 0.7-17.9 y) with homozygous sickle cell disease were supplemented with alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, zinc, and soybean oil (suppl 1; for 8 mo) and alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, and fish oil (suppl 2; for 7 mo). Urinary zinc (suppl 1), plasma vitamin C, plasma cholesterol ester and erythrocyte (RBC) ...
Hoda Q - - 1991
Genotoxic effect of agriculture-used concentration of organophosphorous pesticide, Malathion, is decreased by the dietary concentration of sodium salt of L-ascorbic acid for parameters like mitotic-index and clastogeny in onion root-tip cells, clastogeny and meiotic-index in mice, and lethal mutation rate in Drosophila melanogaster. The vitamin itself is not genotoxic, and ...
Maeda T - - 1991
The mechanisms of comedogenesis and comedolysis were investigated at the ultrastructural level after applying oleic acid (OA) only, or oleic acid together with vitamin A acid (VAA), to rabbit ears daily for two weeks. 1) In the follicular epithelium of the experimentally-induced comedo (EIC) by OA, several ultrastructural changes similar ...
Kriley M - - 1991
The oral vitamin intakes and concentrations of vitamins in blood of eight children on long-term peritoneal dialysis and six control children were measured. All patients received a daily supplement containing water-soluble vitamins. Serum concentrations of vitamin A, vitamin B-12, ascorbic acid, and folic acid and dialysate concentrations of ascorbic acid ...
Ubbink J B JB Department of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pretoria, South - - 1991
Human lymphocyte kynureninase activity was assessed in homogenized cells by determination of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid production as a function of time after addition of the substrate, 3-hydroxykynurenine. The product, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, was determined by isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection. Mean (+/- S.D.) lymphocyte kynureninase activity in a group (n ...
Wendel U - - 1991
Fetuses affected with propionic acidemia incorporate great amounts of odd-numbered long-chain fatty acids (OLCFA) into their body lipids. This is due to abundant supply with precursor amino acids of propionyl-CoA throughout pregnancy. After birth, the lower provision of precursor amino acids during dietary treatment compared with fetal life results in ...
Timmer J G - - 1991
This study aimed to investigate the peripheral vein tolerance for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and to point out the factors which induce phlebitis. TPN was administered from 'all-in-one' bags. Five different types of TPN were investigated, wherein the amounts of amino-acids, dextrose, lipids, osmolarity and volume were varied. Type I ...
Byck S - - 1991
Human skin fibroblasts derived from patients with all seven known inborn errors of vitamin B12 metabolism have been studied for functional integrity of methylmalonyl CoA mutase and methionine synthase. Cocultivation of cblC and cblF fibroblasts in the absence of polyethylene glycol resulted in a twofold increase over the expected in ...
Baumgartner T G - - 1991
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential nutritional component that acts as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation of alpha-keto acids. It also serves as the connection between the glycolytic cycle and the high energy-producing Krebs (or citric acid) cycle. Unlike other B vitamins, it activates the guanylate cyclase/cyclic guanosine monophosphate ...
Ito M - - 1991
Twenty patients with infantile spasms were treated with high doses of vitamin b6, valproic acid, or both. Three of 13 patients (23%) treated initially with high doses of vitamin B6 demonstrated a definite reduction in seizures; 2 patients had no improvement on electroencephalography. Vitamin B6 therapy alone was continued in ...
Pryor W A - - 1991
Ozone reacts with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in vitro to form free radicals, and vitamin E slows or prevents this reaction. Consistent with this, dietary vitamin E significantly protects animals against the deleterious effects of ozone and the absence of vitamin E potentiates damage by ozone. Thus, chemical and animal ...
Hussain M - - 1991
In a chemically defined medium in which the principal constituents were glucose, 18 amino acids, two purines and six vitamins, eight strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci grew as rapidly and heavily as in tryptic soy broth. Slime formation was slightly better in the defined medium than in tryptic soy broth.
Reddi A S - - 1991
Concentrations of vitamins, biopterin, free inositol and acid-soluble carnitine were determined in cyclosporine A induced renal adenocarcinoma and uninvaded renal tissue from streptozotocin diabetic rats. Vitamin B6, thiamin, riboflavin, nicotinate, free inositol and acid-soluble carnitine were significantly decreased in tumor than nontumor tissue. Concentrations of folic acid, B12, biotin, pantothenate ...
Yang S L - - 1991
There has been increasing interest over past decade in exploring the possibility of using new biotechnology to produce new products and to improve the old productive process. The researches and applications of genetic engineering, cell fusion, mutagenesis, cell and enzyme immobilization in enzyme, antibiotic, vitamins, steroid, amino acid, organic acid, ...
Drăgan G I GI Sports Medicine Center, Bucharest, - - 1991
The effects of vitamins, minerals and amino acids supply were recorded in a group of 20 top junior cyclists by a double blind, controlled trial for four weeks. Ten top junior cyclists received orally 1 tablet Cantamega-2000, daily at breakfast, as supplement of food, for four weeks, while other 10 ...
Quick T C - - 1990
The human intestinal Caco-2 cell line, described as enterocyte-like in a number of studies, was examined for its ability to carry out the metabolism of vitamin A normally required in the absorptive process. Caco-2 cells contained cellular retinol-binding protein II, a protein which is abundant in human villus-associated enterocytes and ...
Holmberg I - - 1990
The absorption of a pharmacological dose of vitamin D3 from two different lipid vehicles, peanut oil, containing long chain fatty acids, and a medium chain triglyceride was compared. Serial measurements of the serum concentration of vitamin D3 after dosage were made. The serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, the major circulating ...
Koblin D D - - 1990
Exposure to nitrous oxide (N2O) markedly enhances excretion of formic acid and formiminoglutamic acid (FIGLU) in the urine of rats, suggesting a disruption in the normal pathways of folic acid metabolism secondary to an N2O-induced inactivation of methionine synthase. We tested whether surgical patients (23 having total hip replacements and ...
Kurumaya K - - 1990
To clarify the origin of amide-nitrogen of vitamin B12, [1-13C]aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and L-[amide-15N]glutamine were administered to P. shermanii. The 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of the vitamin B12 subsequently isolated showed distinct 13C-15N coupling and isotope shift at six amide carbons. However, the C-57 amide carbon showed neither coupling, nor ...
Blanche F - - 1990
After initial pretreatment for removal of interfering substances, corrinoid precursors of cobalamin from cultures of Pseudomonas denitrificans were separated by HPLC with a gradient elution system. In this system, all the following compounds are separated in their dicyano form, and retention times are given: cobyrinic acid; cobyrinic acid a-amide; cobyrinic ...
Hou W - - 1990
A method for the determination of water-soluble vitamins (ascorbic acid, pyridoxine hydrochloride, pyridoxal hydrochloride, pyridoxamine dihydrochloride, p-aminobenzoic acid, folic acid) by liquid chromatography, with a parallel dual-electrode electrochemical detector, is described. One electrode was controlled at +0.80 V (vs. SCE), the other at +1.20 V (vs. SCE). The possibility of ...
Rasmussen K - - 1990
It is well established that accumulation of methylmalonic acid may provide an early clue to the existence of tissue cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency. To verify whether methylmalonic acid accumulates in adult heterozygotes for inherited methylmalonic-acidaemia and thereby gives "false" positive test results for cobalamin deficiency, we measured the concentration of ...
Otsuka M - - 1990
Calcium hopantenate (HOPA), a drug for treating symptoms of cerebrovascular disease, is a derivative of gamma-amino butyric acid and is also an analog of pantothenic acid. It is speculated that calcium hopantenate may affect lactate generation, glucose metabolism, and ammonia disposal through the inhibition of pantothenic acid metabolism. We report ...
Banasik M - - 1990
Various vitamins and vitamin-like substances inhibited the activity of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase in vitro. The most potent were essential fatty acids, i.e. arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, and linolenic acid; their 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were 44-110 microM, indicating a higher potency than nicotinamide, a well-known vitamin inhibitor (IC50 = 210 microM). ...
Hennig B - - 1990
Linoleic acid decreases endothelial barrier function in culture. We hypothesize that the mechanism may involve induction of peroxisomes, with subsequent generation of hydrogen peroxide, and that vitamin E may protect against barrier function loss by preventing the induction of peroxisomal enzymes. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed cultured endothelial cells ...
Kurumaya K - - 1990
To clarify the origin of nitrogen of vitamin B12, 15N-labeled aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was prepared and administered to Propionibacterium shermanii. Vitamin B12 thus isolated showed four signals in the nitrogen-15 nuclear magnetic resonance (15N-NMR) spectrum. The nitrogen of [5-15N]riboflavine was incorporated into the benzimidazole part of vitamin B12. Hydroxycobalamin was ...
Ajayi O A - - 1990
The effect of supplementing a regular diet with riboflavin or a combination of riboflavin and ascorbic acid on haematological indices was studied in 27 young Nigerian adults. Vitamin supplementation produced a significant increase (p less than 0.001) in haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit level and erythrocyte count. Both males and females responded ...
van den Berg J J - - 1990
The influence of vitamins E and C on the initial stages of lipid peroxidation in human erythrocyte membranes was assessed with the fluorescent polyunsaturated fatty acid, parinaric acid, as probe molecule. Cumene hydroperoxide was used as initiator with either haemin-Fe3+ or Cu2+ as metal ion cofactor. The effect of vitamin ...
Lintas C - - 1990
Aqueous extracts of uncooked and cooked samples of squid and shrimp, characterized by their high amine content, were exposed to nitrate. The samples were cooked following traditional Italian recipes: stewing, grilling and deep-frying for squid; boiling, grilling and deep-frying for shrimp. Incubation of the aqueous extracts with nitrite in acidic ...
Parvianinen M T - - 1990
We investigated the vitamin C (ascorbic acid) status in 1077 eastern Finnish men aged 54 years of age examined in the "Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study" in 1984-86. Dietary intake of ascorbic acid had a strong linear correlation to plasma ascorbic acid, and we found a clear seasonal ...
Ganick D J - - 1990
Four patients with severe cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and seizures who were treated with valproic acid showed a broad spectrum of hematologic toxicity, which included thrombocytopenia, macrocytic red cells with or without anemia, and the Pelger-Huet anomaly in the segmented neutrophils, along with elevated vitamin B12 levels, normal serum folic ...
Middleton H M HM - - 1990
The first step in the intestinal absorption of phosphorylated forms of vitamin B6 is intraluminal hydrolysis mediated by alkaline phosphatase. The present studies were performed to evaluate the effect of amino acids and oligopeptides, the products of protein digestion, on the hydrolysis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Models utilized rats and included ...
Zorn N E - - 1990
Ingestion of megadoses of certain vitamins appears to influence the in vivo methylation of mercuric chloride in guinea pigs. The addition of megadoses of vitamin B12 fed either singularly or in combination with folic acid resulted in increased methylmercury concentrations in the liver. Moreover, percent methylmercury levels were significantly increased ...
Barnett M I MI Welsh School of Pharmacy, University of Wales College, Cardiff, United - - 1990
A typical All-in-One (AIO) parenteral nutrition mixture in a 3-litre polymeric infusion bag will consist of lipid emulsion, amino acids, glucose, electrolytes, trace elements and vitamins. This varied mixture of chemical entities provides the potential for a number of chemical and physicochemical interactions that can compromise the clinical safety and ...
Duine J A - - 1989
On the occasion of the first international symposium on pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) and quinoproteins (Delft, September 1988), a review of this novel field in enzymology is presented. Quinoproteins (PQQ-containing enzymes) are widespread, from bacteria to mammalian organisms (including man), and occur in several classes of enzymes. Indications already exist that ...
Ohsugi M - - 1989
The production of vitamin B12 from carbohydrates, peptone, casamino acid, etc., by intestinal bacteria was investigated. Klebsiella pneumoniae IFO 13541 was the most efficient strain for vitamin B12 production, which depended exclusively on the concentration of yeast extract added to the medium. A concentrated solution of yeast extract (1 ml) ...
Makin G - - 1989
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 is converted to calcitroic acid before being excreted in the bile. Biosynthesis of calcitroic acid has been demonstrated in two target cells of vitamin D, in the kidney and the osteoblastic cell line UMR-106. Calcitroic acid was identified by combinations of h.p.l.c., u.v. spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Evidence ...
Kasantikul V - - 1989
A 54-year-old man who had acute monoblastic leukemia and manifestations of subacute combined degeneration (SCD) of the spinal cord is described clinically and pathologically. Infiltration of the wall of the stomach by leukemic cells may produce impairment in gastric absorption of vitamin B12 and leukemia itself may cause deficiency of ...
Dilley E D - - 1989
Peroxidation of lung membrane lipids in vitro produces very specific changes in lung membrane fatty acid content with some fatty acids being affected more than others. We performed a series of experiments to determine the changes occurring in fatty acid composition in lung microsomes and mitochondria during an in vivo ...
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