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Poppelreuther Margarete - - 2012
Cytosolic lipid droplets (LDs) are storage organelles for neutral lipids derived from endogenous metabolism. Acyl-CoA synthetase family proteins are essential enzymes in this biosynthetic pathway, contributing activated fatty acids. Fluorescence microscopy showed that ACSL3 is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and LDs, with the distribution dependent on the cell ...
Harrisson Simon S Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie, Pharmacotechnie et Biopharmacie, Univ Paris-Sud, UMR CNRS 8612, Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 rue Jean-Baptiste Clément, F-92296 Châtenay-Malabry cedex, - - 2012
The use of 1,4-dioxane or pyridine as solvents for the polymerization of isoprene mediated by the acid-functional SG1-based alkoxyamines N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-(1-diethylphosphono-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-O-(2-carboxylprop-2-yl)hydroxylamine (BlocBuilder MA) and N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-(1-diethylphosphono-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-O-(2-carboxyleth-2-yl)hydroxylamine results in an increase in the rate of consumption of the initiator and narrower molecular weight distributions of the resulting polymer. In pyridine, an improved control ...
Lawrence Neil J - - 2012
The influence of high-k dielectric bioceramics with poly(amino acid) multilayer coatings on the adhesion behavior of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was studied by evaluating the density of bacteria coverage on the surfaces of these materials. A biofilm forming K-12 strain (PHL628), a wild-type strain (JM109), and an engineered strain (XL1-Blue) ...
Sun Zhentao - - 2012
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) of Escherichia coli is inhibited by NADH. This inhibition is partially reversed by mutational alteration of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (LPD) component of the PDH complex (E354K or H322Y). Such a mutation in lpd led to a PDH complex that is functional in an anaerobic culture as seen by ...
Ensenauer Regina - - 2012
Quantitative analysis of mitochondrial FA β-oxidation (FAO) has drawn increasing interest for defining lipid-induced metabolic dysfunctions, such as in obesity-induced insulin resistance, and evaluating pharmacologic strategies to improve β-oxidation function. The aim was to develop a new assay to quantify β-oxidation function in intact mitochondria and with a low amount ...
Yang Yuzhu - - 2012
A novel copper-catalyzed annulation of 2-alkylazaarenes with α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids has been accomplished. This reaction featuring C-H olefination and decarboxylative amination processes provides a concise access to C-2 arylated indolizines from simple and readily available starting materials.
Wang Zhentao - - 2012
Decarboxylative halogenation of carboxylic acids, the Hunsdiecker reaction, is one of the fundamental functional group transformations in organic chemistry. As the initial method requires the preparations of strictly anhydrous silver carboxylates, several modifications have been developed in order to simplify the procedures. However, these methods suffer from the use of ...
Wang De - - 2012
A novel axially chiral spiro-phosphine-catalyzed highly regio-, diastereo- and enantioselective [3+2] cycloaddition of alkylidene azlactones with various allenic esters has been developed, affording the corresponding functionalized spirocyclic products in moderate to excellent yields under mild conditions. These spirocyclic products as masked amino acids can be easily transformed into aspartic amino ...
Singh Narendra - - 2012
Here, we report the facile preparation of tunable magnetic Ni-doped near-infrared (NIR) quantum dots (MNIR-QDs) as an efficient probe for targeting, imaging and cellular sorting applications. We synthesized the MNIR-QDs via hot colloidal synthesis approach to yield monodisperse and tunable QDs. These hydrophobic QDs were structurally and compositionally characterized and ...
Bacchetta Justine - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a phosphaturic hormone and a suppressor of renal 1α hydroxylase. Although circulating values of FGF23 are increased in early chronic kidney disease (CKD), the interplay between FGF23 levels, growth and nutritional biomarkers has not been evaluated in children with normal renal function. We performed ...
Saget Tanguy - - 2012
Teaming up: The important indoline scaffold is provided with enantiomeric ratios of up to 98:2 in palladium(0)-catalyzed C(sp(3) )-H activations of aryl triflates. The key is the combination of the electron-rich monodentate Sagephos and the bulky 9H-xanthene-9-carboxylic acid. Both participate in a highly cooperative manner in the enantiodetermining concerted-deprotonation-metalation step ...
Riss Patrick J PJ Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, UK. - - 2012
Rapid and direct: the carboxylation of boronic acid esters with (11)CO(2) provides [(11)C]carboxylic acids as a convenient entry into [(11)C]esters and [(11)C]amides. This conversion of boronates is tolerant to diverse functional groups (e.g., halo, nitro, or carbonyl).
Corbi Jonathan - - 2012
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme of starch biosynthesis. In the green plant lineage, it is composed of two large (LSU) and two small (SSU) sub-units encoded by paralogous genes, as a consequence of several rounds of duplication. First, our aim was to detect specific patterns of molecular evolution ...
Barcelona Stephanie - - 2012
Sodium-glucose cotransporters (SGLTs) are secondary active transporters belonging to the SLC5 gene family. SGLT1, a well-characterized member of this family, electrogenically transports glucose and galactose. Human SGLT3 (hSGLT3), despite sharing a high amino acid identity with human SGLT1 (hSGLT1), does not transport sugar, although functions as a sugar sensor. In ...
Brundiek Henrike - - 2012
The Ustilago maydis lipase UM03410 belongs to the mostly unexplored Candida antarctica lipase (CAL-A) subfamily. The two lipases with [corrected] the highest identity are a lipase from Sporisorium reilianum and the prototypic CAL-A. In contrast to the other CAL-A-type lipases, this hypothetical U. maydis lipase is annotated to possess a ...
Wu Li - - 2012
A new type of porphyrin-functionalized graphene was synthesized and used for highly selective and sensitive detection of dopamine (DA). The aromatic π-π stacking and electrostatic attraction between positively-charged dopamine and negatively-charged porphyrin-modified graphene can accelerate the electron transfer whereas weakening ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) oxidation on the ...
Belyaeva Olga V - - 2012
The enzymes responsible for the rate-limiting step in retinoic acid biosynthesis, the oxidation of retinol to retinaldehyde, during embryogenesis and in adulthood have not been fully defined. Here, we report that a novel member of the short chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily, frog sdr16c5, acts as a highly active retinol dehydrogenase (rdhe2) ...
Yin Ping - - 2012
Esterification of oleic acid with ethanol catalyzed by organophosphonic acid-functionalized silica SG-T-P was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The interactive effect of catalyst to FFA weight ratio and molar ratio of alcohol to acid were more significant than that of reaction temperature. The optimum values for maximum conversion ratio ...
Yoshizawa Fumiaki - - 2012
The branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine, and valine are the most abundant of the essential amino acids. BCAAs have recently been recognized as having functions other than simple nutrition. The importance of BCAAs as nutrient regulators in protein synthesis was recognized over 20 years ago. Leucine is the ...
Schmeide K - - 2012
The role of sulfur-containing functional groups in humic acids for the Np(V) reduction in aqueous solution has been studied with the objective to specify individual processes contributing to the overall redox activity of humic substances. For this, humic acid model substances type M1-S containing different amounts of sulfur (1.9, 3.9, ...
Yee Lian-Ngit - - 2012
In this study, PHA biosynthesis operon of Comamonas sp. EB172, an acid-tolerant strain, consisting of three genes encoding acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (phaA(Co) gene, 1182bp), acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phaB(Co) gene, 738bp) and PHA synthase, class I (phaC(Co) gene, 1694bp) were identified. Sequence analysis of the phaA(Co), phaB(Co) and phaC(Co) genes revealed that they ...
Liu Zhihua - - 2012
Multifunctionalized amino acids, especially amino acids with unsaturation, are important, demanding building blocks in peptide chemistry. Here we present a summary of our most recent study using the thio-Claisen rearrangement for the synthesis of anti-β-functionalized γ,δ-unsaturated amino acids. Investigations on scope, limitations, chemoselectivities and stereoselectivities regarding an FeBr(3)-catalyzed allylation strategy ...
Dammak Mariam - - 2012
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin shares structurally five conserved blocs with the other delta-endotoxins. In order to study the role of some amino acids belonging to these regions, two mutations, Y(229) P and F(603) S, have been introduced separately and respectively in blocs 2 and 5. The resulting mutant proteins Cry1Ac'1 ...
Pôrto Laura Cristina Jardim - - 2012
AIMS: As cardiac performance is closely related to its energy supply, our study investigated the effect of the orotic acid cardioprotective agent on the pathways of energy supply, in both conditions of normal flow and ischemia. MAIN METHODS: Male Wistar rats were fed during nine days with a balanced diet ...
Gerhardt Valeska - - 2012
Hydantoin-5-acetic acid [2-(2,5-dioxoimidazolidin-4-yl)acetic acid] and orotic acid (2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid) each contain one rigid acceptor-donor-acceptor hydrogen-bonding site and a flexible side chain, which can adopt different conformations. Since both compounds may be used as coformers for supramolecular complexes, they have been crystallized in order to examine their conformational preferences, giving solvent-free ...
McCarron Pearse - - 2012
Pinnatoxins are a group of fast acting cyclic imine toxins previously identified in shellfish from Asia, the Southern Pacific and Northern Europe. In this work pinnatoxins were detected in mussels from locations across the Eastern coast of Canada. Pinnatoxin G (6) was the major structural variant present, sometimes at levels ...
Xumei Zhang - - 2012
Increasing neurogenesis may restore cognitive functions that are impaired in ischemia stroke. Folic acid has been reported to play an important role in neuronal development and reduce the risk of ischemic stroke in primary prevention. Folic acid supplementation stimulates Notch signaling and cell proliferation in neural progenitor cells cultured from ...
Kam Richard Kin Ting - - 2012
Retinoic acid (RA) is a morphogen derived from retinol (vitamin A) that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. The production of RA from retinol requires two consecutive enzymatic reactions catalyzed by different sets of dehydrogenases. The retinol is first oxidized into retinal, which is then oxidized into ...
Sossai P - - 2012
In this brief review, we present some data from the literature on butyric acid and some of its more interesting potential uses, especially in the field of gastroenterology. Due to its principal characteristics, butyric acid is primarily used for pathologies of the colon (functional, inflammatory). Although only preliminary data are ...
Papazafiropoulou Athanasia K - - 2012
Omega-3 fatty acids except for their effect on triglycerides levels have cardioprotective properties as well as antiarrhythmic properties.The pleiotropic effects of omega-3 fatty acids, also, include lowering of blood pressure and the favorable effect on endothelial function and high-density cholesterol levels. Furthermore, studies have showed their favorable action in subjects ...
Zhang Zhe - - 2012
A biodegradable, biocompatible poly(chitosan-g-lactic acid) (PCLA) scaffold was prepared and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The PCLA scaffold was obtained by grafting lactic acid (LA) onto the amino groups on chitosan (CS) without a catalyst. The PCLA scaffolds were characterized by Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron ...
Mori Tomohisa - - 2012
The present study was designed to clarify whether the arachidonic acid cascade contributes to the decreased threshold for pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure under benzodiazepine withdrawal in mice. The seizure threshold for pentylenetetrazole was significantly decreased by the discontinuation of chronic treatment with diazepam. The decrease in the seizure threshold for pentylenetetrazole during ...
Cintra Dennys E - - 2012
In experimental models, hypothalamic inflammation is an early and determining factor in the installation and progression of obesity. Pharmacological and gene-based approaches have proven efficient in restraining inflammation and correcting the obese phenotypes. However, the role of nutrients in the modulation of hypothalamic inflammation is unknown. Here we show that, ...
Fukui K - - 2012
The distribution of sialic acids and antimicrobial products (lysozyme, IgA, lactoferrin, β-defensin 2) as well as Rab3D in the eccrine glands of porcine snout skin was studied by sialoglycoconjugate histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The secretory epithelium consisted of two types of secretory cells: dark and clear cells. The dark cells exhibited ...
Kumar Rajesh - - 2012
Synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the endoplasmic reticulum of plants typically involves the fatty acid desaturases FAD2 and FAD3, which use cytochrome b(5) (Cb5) as an electron donor. Higher plants are reported to have multiple isoforms of Cb5, in contrast to a single Cb5 in mammals and yeast. ...
Fatima Tahira - - 2012
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is a hardy, fruit-producing plant known historically for its medicinal and nutraceutical properties. The most recognized product of sea buckthorn is its fruit oil, composed of seed oil that is rich in essential fatty acids, linoleic (18:2 ω-6) and α-linolenic (18:3 ω-3) acids, and pulp ...
Motter Arianne L - - 2012
Fatty acids can act as important signaling molecules regulating diverse physiological processes. Our understanding, however, of fatty acid signaling mechanisms and receptor targets remains incomplete. Here we show that Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), a cation channel expressed in sensory neurons and gut tissues, functions as a sensor of ...
Strand Elin - - 2012
Excess peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) stimulation has been associated with detrimental health effects including impaired myocardial function. Recently, supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been associated with improved left ventricular function and functional capacity in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. We investigated the long-term effects of the pan-PPAR agonist ...
Teaster Neal D - - 2012
N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive lipids derived from the hydrolysis of the membrane phospholipid N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE). In animal systems this reaction is part of the "endocannabinoid" signaling pathway, which regulates a variety of physiological processes. The signaling function of NAE is terminated by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which hydrolyzes NAE ...
Wipf Daniel - - 2012
Amino acids play fundamental roles in a multitude of functions including protein synthesis, hormone metabolism, nerve transmission, cell growth, production of metabolic energy, nucleobase synthesis, nitrogen metabolism, and urea biosynthesis. Selaginella as a member of the lycophytes is part of an ancient lineage of vascular plants that had arisen ∼400 ...
Khairallah Ramzi J - - 2012
Mitochondria can depolarize and trigger cell death through the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP). We recently showed that an increase in the long chain n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n3) and depletion of the n6 PUFA arachidonic acid (ARA; 20:4n6) in mitochondrial membranes is ...
You Le L Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, - - 2012
Microbes have complex metabolic pathways that can be investigated using biochemistry and functional genomics methods. One important technique to examine cell central metabolism and discover new enzymes is (13)C-assisted metabolism analysis 1. This technique is based on isotopic labeling, whereby microbes are fed with a (13)C labeled substrates. By tracing ...
Brandes Vanessa - - 2011
Abstract Toxin A (TcdA) and Toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factors of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). TcdA and TcdB mono-glucoslyate small GTPases of the Rho family, thereby causing actin re-organisation in colonocytes, resulting in the loss of colonic barrier function. The hydrophilic bile acid tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) is ...
Halvorson Rebecca A - - 2011
Raman spectra of microcystin-LR (MC-LR), MC-RR, MC-LA, MC-LF, MC-LY, MC-LW, MC-YR, and nodularin collected by drop coating deposition Raman (DCDR) spectroscopy are sufficiently unique for variant identification. Amino acid spectra of L-phenylalanine, L-leucine, L-alanine, D-alanine, L-glutamic acid, L-arginine, L-tryptophan, L-tyrosine, and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid were collected in crystalline, DCDR, and aqueous ...
Iyer Lakshminarayan M - - 2011
The deaminase-like fold includes, in addition to nucleic acid/nucleotide deaminases, several catalytic domains such as the JAB domain, and others involved in nucleotide and ADP-ribose metabolism. Using sensitive sequence and structural comparison methods, we develop a comprehensive natural classification of the deaminase-like fold and show that its ancestral version was ...
Wang Yueqiu - - 2011
Residue 54 has been shown to be important for bioactivity in several toxins. However, its role in the antinociceptive activity of toxins has not been evaluated yet. In this study, site-directed mutagenesis and mouse acetic acid writhing test were used to investigate the role of Ser54 in the antinociceptive activity ...
Su Fei - - 2011
Bacillus coagulans 2-6 is an efficient producer of lactic acid. The genome of B. coagulans 2-6 has the smallest genome among the members of the genus Bacillus known to date. The frameshift mutation at the start of the d-lactate dehydrogenase sequence might be responsible for the production of high-optical-purity l-lactic ...
Yi Xuan - - 2011
Release of dipicolinic acid (DPA) and its fluorescence with terbium (Tb(3+)) allow rapid measurement of the germination and viability of spores of Bacillus and Clostridium species. However, germination of coat-deficient Bacillus spores was strongly inhibited by Tb(3+) and some other multivalent cations. Tb(3+) also inhibited germination of coat-deficient Clostridium perfringens ...
Xia Guoqing - - 2011
The molecular interactions between staphylococcal phages and host cell surfaces are poorly understood. Employing Staphylococcus aureus teichoic acid mutants, we demonstrate that wall teichoic acid (WTA), but not lipoteichoic acid, serves as a receptor for staphylococcal siphovirus and myovirus, while only the siphovirus requires glycosylated WTA.
Delgado Francisco José FJ Instituto Tecnológico Agroalimentario (INTAEX) (Technological Agri-Food Institute), Badajoz, - - 2011
The volatile profile of the Spanish goat raw milk cheese of the protected designation of origin (PDO) "Queso Ibores" was studied at four stages of maturation (day 1, 30, 60, and 90) by the method of solid-phase micro-extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) to determinate the characteristic volatile compounds of this cheese ...
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