Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1836
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Swenne Ingemar - - 2012
Aim:  Essential fatty acid status is altered in eating disorders with weight loss, and deficiencies in polyunsaturated omega-3 essential fatty acids have been implicated in the development of depression and other psychopathologies. Presently, recovery of essential fatty status during the treatment of adolescent girls with eating disorders has been investigated. ...
Mulhern Kacie R - - 2012
Chalcogenorhodamine dyes bearing phosphonic acids and carboxylic acids were compared as sensitizers of nanocrystalline TiO(2) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The dyes were constructed around a 3,6-bis(dimethylamino)chalcogenoxanthylium core and varied in the 9 substituent: 5-carboxythien-2-yl in dyes 1-E (E = O, Se), 4-carboxyphenyl in dyes 2-E (E = O, S), ...
Li Yanhong - - 2012
Sialic acids are a family of negatively charged monosaccharides which are commonly presented as the terminal residues in glycans of the glycoconjugates on eukaryotic cell surface or as components of capsular polysaccharides or lipooligosaccharides of some pathogenic bacteria. Due to their important biological and pathological functions, the biosynthesis, activation, transfer, ...
Xiao Bin - - 2012
A practical Pd-catalyzed reaction was developed to achieve C-H activation/C-B cross-coupling of acetanilides under acidic conditions. The new reaction shows a good functional group tolerance and an exclusive mono-selectivity. This C-H borylation method may provide a generally applicable route for the conversion of C-H moieties into many other types of ...
Al-Ghazzewi Farage H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Glucomannan polysaccharides may be hydrolysed to lower molecular weight molecules using acids or enzymes, specifically mannanases or cellulases. Mannanases (β-mannanases) hydrolyse β-(1-4)-linked mannose residues randomly in mannans whilst cellulases (β-glucanase) hydrolyse β-(1-4)-linked glucose residues. The molecular weight of the hydrolysate is clearly dependent on the amount of hydrolysis. One ...
Qiao Xue - - 2012
Licorice is one of the most popular herbal medicines worldwide, and is mainly used to moderate the characteristics of other herbs in Traditional Chinese Medicine. It is hypothesized that licorice exerts this role by regulating systemic metabolism. Bile acids play a critical role in lipid digestion and cholesterol metabolism, and ...
Hounjet Lindsay J - - 2012
CO(2) snapper: Compounds containing both acidic and basic P,N functionalities have been prepared. Of these, two amidophosphoranes containing highly reactive PN bonds within four-membered rings react rapidly with CO(2) , resulting in relief of ring strain. These compounds demonstrate the utility of phosphorus as a Lewis acid for small-molecule activation.
Qi Jenson - - 2012
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the final step in triglyceride (TG) synthesis. There are two isoforms, DGAT1 and DGAT2, with distinct protein sequences and potentially different physiological functions. To date, the ability to determine clear functional differences between DGAT1 and DGAT2, especially with respect to hepatic TG synthesis, has been elusive. ...
Aydoğan Cemil - - 2012
Polymethacrylate-based monolith with weak cation exchange functionalities was prepared in capillary column (i.d. 100 μm, o.d. 375 μm) by in situ polymerization of butyl methacrylate, ethylene dimethacrylate and N-methacryloyl-L-glutamic acid in presence of porogens. The porogen mixture included N,N-dimethyl formamide and phosphate buffer. The preparation procedure of stationary phase contained ...
Krøll Jens - - 2012
Abstract Bile acids are detergent molecules derived from cholesterol in the liver that are important for the metabolism and absorption of lipids in the intestine. Bile acids are also steroid hormones activating specific nuclear receptors and G protein-coupled receptors. Conjugated bile acids are cytoprotective and anticarcinogenic. Bile acid synthesis and ...
Min Young Hwan - - 2012
In this study, we selectively enhanced two types of adsorption of 3-mercapto isobutyric acid on a Ge(100) surface by using the tunneling electrons from an STM and the catalytic effect of an STM tip, respectively. 3-Mercapto isobutyric acid has two functional groups: a carboxylic acid group at one end of ...
Sun Ye - - 2012
Six conserved, charged amino acids within membrane spans in the rice sucrose transporter OsSUT1 were identified using a three-dimensional (3D) structural model based on the crystal structures of three Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS) proteins: LacY, GlpT and EmrD. These positions in OsSUT1 were selected for mutagenesis and biochemical assays. Among ...
Xue Feng - - 2012
An efficient rhodium/olefin-sulfoxide catalyzed asymmetric conjugate addition of organoboronic acids to a variety of nitroalkenes has been developed, where 2-methoxy-1-naphthyl sulfinyl functionalized olefin ligands have shown to be highly effective and are applicable to a broad scope of aryl, alkyl, and heteroaryl nitroalkenes.
Kreye Oliver - - 2012
The combination of the Ugi four-component reaction (Ugi-4CR) with acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) or thiol-ene polymerization led to the formation of poly-1-(alkylcarbamoyl) carboxamides, a new class of substituted polyamides with amide moieties in the polymer backbone, as well as its side chains. 10-Undecenoic acid, obtained by pyrolysis of ricinoleic acid, ...
Hunt Mary C - - 2012
The importance of peroxisomes in lipid metabolism is now well established and peroxisomes contain approximately 60 enzymes involved in these lipid metabolic pathways. Several acyl-CoA thioesterase enzymes (ACOTs) have been identified in peroxisomes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs (short-, medium-, long- and very long-chain), bile acid-CoAs, and methyl branched-CoAs, ...
Gil-Sánchez Alfonso - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The amount and activity of placental enzymes, receptors, and transport proteins will determine the extent of lipid transfer to the fetus that strongly contributes to fetal fat accretion. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies have shown an association between the percentage of maternal plasma docosahexaenoic acid during gestation and ...
Jana Satyasankar - - 2012
A novel approach for ATRP has been developed which enables the polymerization of vinyl monomers including those bearing carboxylic acid groups such as acrylic/methacrylic acid in the free acid form with ppm amounts of copper. The quantity of copper used in the polymerization is comparable to those left in purified ...
Huang Baohua - - 2012
The facile conjugation of three azido modified functionalities, namely a therapeutic drug (methotrexate), a targeting moiety (folic acid), and an imaging agent (fluorescein) with a G5 PAMAM dendrimer scaffold with cyclooctyne molecules at the surface through copper-free click chemistry is reported. Mono-, di-, and tri-functional PAMAM dendrimer conjugates can be ...
Li Hong C - - 2012
The NH(2) terminus of the sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter 1 (NBCe1) plays an important role in its targeting to the plasma membrane. To identify the amino acid residues that contribute to the targeting of NBCe1 to the plasma membrane, polarized MDCK cells were transfected with expression constructs coding for green fluorescent protein ...
Fukui Kousuke - - 2012
The localization of sialic acids and antimicrobial products (lysozyme, IgA, lactoferrin, β-defensin 2) as well as Rab3D in the carpal glands of pig was studied by sialoglycoconjugate histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. The secretory epithelium of the carpal glands consisted of dark and clear cells. The dark cells of these glands exhibited ...
Mikami Satoshi - - 2012
As part of a program to identify potent GPR40 agonists with drug-like properties suitable for clinical development, the incorporation of polar substituents was explored with the intention of decreasing the lipophilicity of our recently disclosed phenylpropanoic acid derivative <b>1</b>. This incorporation would allow us to mitigate the cytotoxicity issues observed ...
Kniazeva Marina - - 2012
Natural fatty acids (FAs) exhibit vast structural diversity, but the functional importance of FA variations and the mechanism by which they contribute to a healthy lipid composition in animals remain largely unexplored. A large family of acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSs) regulates FA metabolism by esterifying FA to coenyzme A. However, little ...
Manna Srimanta - - 2012
An efficient and one pot synthetic method of ipso-nitration of arylboronic acids has been developed. The high efficiency, general applicability, and broader substrate scope including heterocycles and functional groups make this method advantageous. Due to its simplicity, we expect to find application of this method in synthesis.
Ma Dan - - 2012
Food-borne hemorrhagic Escherichia coli, exemplified by the strains O157:H7 and O104:H4 (refs 1, 2), require elaborate acid-resistance systems (ARs) to survive the extremely acidic environment such as the stomach (pH ≈ 2). AR2 expels intracellular protons through the decarboxylation of l-glutamate (Glu) in the cytoplasm and exchange of the reaction product γ-aminobutyric acid ...
Qian Ruocan - - 2012
A novel electrochemical strategy was developed for in situ detection and dynamic monitoring of cell surface sialic acids using a highly efficient chemoselective labeling technique and a dual-functionalized nanohorn probe for signal amplification.
Tan Shi Hao SH Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore - - 2012
Lipotoxicity refers to the cytotoxic effects of excess fat accumulation in cells and has been implicated as one of the contributing factors to diseases like obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver. In this study we sought to examine effects of palmitic acid (PA) and oleic acid, two of the common ...
Rota Paola - - 2012
A simple protocol for the synthesis of N-perfluoroacylated and N-acylated glycals of neuraminic acid, with a secondary cyclic amine (morpholine or piperidine) at the 4α position, has been set-up, starting from peracetylated N-acetylneuraminic acid methyl ester that undergoes, sequentially to its direct N-transacylation followed by a C-4 amination, a β-elimination, ...
Hogendorf W F J - - 2012
We here describe the synthesis of glucosylated teichoic acid (TA) fragments using two complementary fluorous scaffolds. The use of a perfluorooctylpropylsulfonylethyl (F-Pse) linker in combination with (glucosyl)glycerol phosphoramidite building blocks allows for the assembly of TA fragments with a terminal phosphate mono-ester, whereas the use of a perfluorooctylsuccinyl spacer delivers ...
Reardon Holly T HT Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2013
The fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene family at 11q12-13.1 includes FADS1 and FADS2, both known to mediate biosynthesis of omega-3 and omega-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA). FADS3 is a putative desaturase due to its sequence similarity with FADS1 and FADS2, but its function is unknown. We have previously described ...
Saitoh Yasuaki - - 2012
Recent investigations have shown that a variety of D-amino acids are present in living organisms and that they possibly play important roles in physiological functions in the body. D-Amino acid oxidase (DAO) and D-aspartate oxidase (DDO) are degradative enzymes stereospecific for D-amino acids. They have been identified in various organisms, ...
Laflamme Patrick - - 2012
Vibrational analysis of triflic acid (TfOH) at different water uptakes was conducted. This molecule mimics the sulfonate end of the Nafion(®) side-chain. As the proton leaves the sulfonic acid group, structural changes within the Nafion(®) side-chain take place. They are revealed by signal shifts in the infrared spectrum. Molecular modeling ...
Di Carlo Gabriella - - 2012
In this work, colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) stabilized into a chitosan matrix were prepared using a green route. The synthesis was carried out by reducing AuIII to Au0 in an aqueous solution of chitosan and different organic acids, i.e. acetic, malonic or oxalic acid. We have demonstrated that by varying ...
Kojima Naoshi - - 2012
Oligonucleotides are functionalized by conjugation with a variety of molecules, and aliphatic amino linkers have been frequently used as a tether for their modifications. This unit describes the syntheses and applications of novel amino linkers having a carbamate structure. Two major chemical properties of the primary amine are induced by ...
Mandal Chitra - - 2012
Sialic acids have a pivotal functional impact in many biological interactions such as virus attachment, cellular adhesion, regulation of proliferation, and apoptosis. A common modification of sialic acids is O-acetylation. O-Acetylated sialic acids occur in bacteria and parasites and are also receptor determinants for a number of viruses. Moreover, they ...
Yu Zhiliang - - 2012
L: -amino acid oxidase is widely found in diverse organisms and has different properties. It is thought to contribute to antimicrobial activity, amino acid catabolism, and so forth. The purpose of this communication is to summarize the advances in non-snake venom L: -amino acid oxidase, including its enzymatic and structural ...
Lavrado João - - 2012
Knowledge of protonable sites and acid dissociation constants of cryptolepine derivatives having C-11 substituents containing two amino functionalities is of great importance to the understanding of the mechanism of their antimalarial action, which may contribute to their further development as drug candidates. In this work, we applied (1) H NMR ...
Matsuda Takanori - - 2012
Thraustochytrids are known to synthesize PUFAs such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Accumulating evidence suggests the presence of two synthetic pathways of PUFAs in thraustochytrids: the polyketide synthase-like (PUFA synthase) and desaturase/elongase (standard) pathways. It remains unclear whether the latter pathway functions in thraustochytrids. In this study, we report that the ...
Doenyas-Barak Keren - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: N-3 fatty acids reduce the risks of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Administration of N-3 fatty acids to patients treated with statins may potentiate the treatment effects. We examined the operating mechanisms underlying such a combination. METHODS: Thirty-two hypercholesterolemic patients aged 30-70 years with hypercholesterolemia controlled by statins, received sequential treatments ...
Tegeder Mechthild - - 2012
Membrane proteins are essential to move amino acids in or out of plant cells as well as between organelles. While many putative amino acid transporters have been identified, function in nitrogen movement in plants has only been shown for a few proteins. Those studies demonstrate that import systems are fundamental ...
Jiang Chao C Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United - - 2012
Tandem reaction sequences that selectively convert multiple C-H bonds of abundant hydrocarbon feedstocks to functionalized materials enable rapid buildup of molecular complexity in an economical way. A tandem C-H amination/vinylic C-H arylation reaction sequence is described under Pd(II)/sulfoxide-catalysis that furnishes a wide range of α- and β-homophenylalanine precursors from commodity ...
Wotal Alexander C - - 2012
Unsymmetrical dialkyl ketones can be directly prepared by the nickel-catalyzed reductive coupling of carboxylic acid chlorides or (2-pyridyl)thioesters with alkyl iodides or benzylic chlorides. A wide variety of functional groups are tolerated by this process, including common nitrogen protecting groups and C-B bonds. Even hindered ketones flanked by tertiary and ...
Brown Dennis - - 2012
A major function of the kidney is to collaborate with the respiratory system to maintain systemic acid-base status within limits compatible with normal cell and organ function. It achieves this by regulating the excretion and recovery of bicarbonate (mainly in the proximal tubule) and the secretion of buffered protons (mainly ...
Schevenels Florian - - 2012
The preparation of highly functionalized benzofurans by a unique and connective transformation is reported. Base-catalyzed condensation of o-hydroxyphenones with 1,1-dichloroethylene generates the corresponding chloromethylene furans. These labile intermediates undergo a facile rearrangement into benzofuran carbaldehydes under mild acidic conditions.
Poppelreuther Margarete - - 2012
Cytosolic lipid droplets (LDs) are storage organelles for neutral lipids derived from endogenous metabolism. Acyl-CoA synthetase family proteins are essential enzymes in this biosynthetic pathway, contributing activated fatty acids. Fluorescence microscopy showed that ACSL3 is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and LDs, with the distribution dependent on the cell ...
Harrisson Simon S Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie, Pharmacotechnie et Biopharmacie, Univ Paris-Sud, UMR CNRS 8612, Faculté de Pharmacie, 5 rue Jean-Baptiste Clément, F-92296 Châtenay-Malabry cedex, - - 2012
The use of 1,4-dioxane or pyridine as solvents for the polymerization of isoprene mediated by the acid-functional SG1-based alkoxyamines N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-(1-diethylphosphono-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-O-(2-carboxylprop-2-yl)hydroxylamine (BlocBuilder MA) and N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-(1-diethylphosphono-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-O-(2-carboxyleth-2-yl)hydroxylamine results in an increase in the rate of consumption of the initiator and narrower molecular weight distributions of the resulting polymer. In pyridine, an improved control ...
Lawrence Neil J - - 2012
The influence of high-k dielectric bioceramics with poly(amino acid) multilayer coatings on the adhesion behavior of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was studied by evaluating the density of bacteria coverage on the surfaces of these materials. A biofilm forming K-12 strain (PHL628), a wild-type strain (JM109), and an engineered strain (XL1-Blue) ...
Sun Zhentao - - 2012
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) of Escherichia coli is inhibited by NADH. This inhibition is partially reversed by mutational alteration of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (LPD) component of the PDH complex (E354K or H322Y). Such a mutation in lpd led to a PDH complex that is functional in an anaerobic culture as seen by ...
Ensenauer Regina - - 2012
Quantitative analysis of mitochondrial FA β-oxidation (FAO) has drawn increasing interest for defining lipid-induced metabolic dysfunctions, such as in obesity-induced insulin resistance, and evaluating pharmacologic strategies to improve β-oxidation function. The aim was to develop a new assay to quantify β-oxidation function in intact mitochondria and with a low amount ...
Yang Yuzhu - - 2012
A novel copper-catalyzed annulation of 2-alkylazaarenes with α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids has been accomplished. This reaction featuring C-H olefination and decarboxylative amination processes provides a concise access to C-2 arylated indolizines from simple and readily available starting materials.
Wang Zhentao - - 2012
Decarboxylative halogenation of carboxylic acids, the Hunsdiecker reaction, is one of the fundamental functional group transformations in organic chemistry. As the initial method requires the preparations of strictly anhydrous silver carboxylates, several modifications have been developed in order to simplify the procedures. However, these methods suffer from the use of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >