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Vinogradov Evgeny - - 2004
The structure of the carbohydrate backbone of the lipid A-core region of the LPS from Shewanella algae strain BrY was analysed. The LPS was N,O-deacylated to give three products, which were isolated and studied by chemical methods, NMR and mass spectrometry: [Carbohydrate structures: see text]. All monosaccharides except L-rhamnose had ...
Kilcoyne Michelle - - 2004
Mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Idiomarina zobellii, type strain KMM 231T, with aq 2% HOAc at 100 degrees C, yielded an oligosaccharide, which represents one repeating unit of the O-polysaccharide. A polysaccharide was obtained by mild base degradation of the lipopolysaccharide. The following structure of the ...
Kondakova Anna N - - 2004
Mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Proteus mirabilis O20 resulted in depolymerisation of the O-polysaccharide to give a repeating-unit pentasaccharide. A polysaccharide was obtained by O-deacylation of the LPS followed by nitrous acid deamination. The derived pentasaccharide and polysaccharide were studied by NMR spectroscopy, including 2D 1H,1H COSY, ...
Zähringer Ulrich - - 2004
The facultative intracellular pathogen Bartonella henselae is responsible for a broad range of clinical manifestations, including the formation of vascular tumors as a result of increased proliferation and survival of colonized endothelial cells. This remarkable interaction with endotoxin-sensitive endothelial cells and the apparent lack of septic shock are considered to ...
Prabahar Vadivel - - 2004
Strain DVS 5a1 was isolated from a moraine sample from the McMurdo Dry Valleys region of Antarctica. The strain is aerobic, Gram-positive, with white aerial mycelia and brown substrate mycelia, sporulating, has meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose in the cell wall, MK-8 (H4) as the major menaquinone and a mol% ...
Martin Paul - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of mucoid otitis media (OM) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced OM. METHODS: OM was induced in chinchillas by injecting S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), LPS, and LPS + SNAP into the superior bullae. Auditory brainstem response thresholds ...
Mennink-Kersten Monique A S H - - 2004
A major difficulty with the detection of circulating galactomannan, a cell-wall polysaccharide released by Aspergillus sp during growth, in the serodiagnosis of invasive aspergillosis is the occurrence of false-positive ELISA results, especially in neonates and infants. On the basis of molecule similarity, we postulate that a lipoteichoic acid of Bifidobacterium ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2004
The lipopolysaccharide of Citrobacter youngae O1, strain PCM 1492 was degraded with acid or alkali under mild conditions, and the resultant polysaccharide was isolated by GPC and studied by sugar and methylation analyses and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, NOESY and 1H, 13C HSQC experiments. The ...
Faulds C B - - 2004
An enzyme preparation from the thermophilic fungus Humicola insolens, Ultraflo L, was able to solubilise more than half of the biomass of brewer's grain and wheat bran, two agro-industrial co-products. While almost all of the ferulic acid was released in the free form, the majority of diferulates were released still ...
Banoub Joseph - - 2004
The molecular structure of the mutant form of the lipopolysaccharide of Aeromonas salmonicida was determined to contain an O-4 phosphorylated and O-5 substituted Kdo reducing group, and is proposed as the following: [molecular structure: see text] It was established that during the cleavage of this LPS with 1% acetic acid, ...
Samac Deborah A - - 2004
The primary cell-wall matrix of most higher plants is composed of large amounts of uronic acids, primarily D-galacturonic acid residues in the backbone of pectic polysaccharides. Uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucose dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of uronic acids. We produced transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa) plants expressing a soybean ...
Neuhaus Francis C - - 2003
Teichoic acids (TAs) are major wall and membrane components of most gram-positive bacteria. With few exceptions, they are polymers of glycerol-phosphate or ribitol-phosphate to which are attached glycosyl and D-alanyl ester residues. Wall TA is attached to peptidoglycan via a linkage unit, whereas lipoteichoic acid is attached to glycolipid intercalated ...
Nazarenko Evgeny L - - 2003
The chemical structures of polysaccharides and LPS core oligosaccharides, isolated from various Gram-negative marine bacteria from the genera Pseudoalteromonas and Shewanella belonging to the Alteromonadaceae family and gamma-subclass of Proteobacteria, are reviewed. The polysaccharides are distinguished by the acidic character (e.g., due to the presence of hexuronic and aldulosonic acids ...
Potekhina Natalia V - - 2003
The cell wall of Brevibacterium permense VKM Ac-2280 contains two teichoic acids. The major polymer represents a 1,6-poly(mannitol phosphate) substituted wirh either L-rhamnose (approximately 70%, unit A) or (S)-acetal of pyruvic acid (approximately 30%, unit B) with the overall chain length approximately 10 mannitol phosphate units. [carbohydrate structure: see text] ...
Vinogradov Evgeny V - - 2003
Extraction of dry bacteria of Acinetobacter baumannii strain 24 by phenol-water yielded a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) that was studied by serological methods and fatty acid analysis. After immunisation of BALB/c mice with this strain, monoclonal antibody S48-3-13 (IgG(3) isotype) was obtained, which reacted with the LPS in western blot and characterized ...
Isshiki Yasunori - - 2003
The core oligosaccharide in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Burkholderia cepacia GIFU 645(T) was investigated. After mild acid hydrolysis of the LPS, a heptasaccharide was isolated and identified by chemical analyses, GLC-MS, FABMS, and NMR spectroscopy as follows: [carbohydrate structure: see text] where L-alpha-D-Hep stands for L-glycero-alpha-D-manno-heptose, Ko for D-glycero-D-talo-oct-2-ulosonic acid, ...
Wang Jacob E - - 2003
In sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) caused by gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) initiates the early signaling events leading to the deleterious inflammatory response. However, it has become clear that LPS can not reproduce all of the clinical features of sepsis, which emphasize the roles of other contributing factors. ...
Potekhina Natalia V - - 2003
The cell wall of Brevibacterium sp. VKM Ac-2118 isolated from a frozen (mean annual temperature -12 degrees C) late Pliocene layer, 1.8-3 Myr, Kolyma lowland, Russia, contains mannitol teichoic acid with a previously unknown structure. This is 1,6-poly(mannitol phosphate) with the majority of the mannitol residues bearing side phosphate groups ...
Kondakova Anna N - - 2003
O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Proteus penneri strain 31. Sugar and methylation analyses along with NMR spectroscopic studies, including 2D 1H,1H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, 1H,13C and 1H,31P HMQC experiments, demonstrated the following structure of the polysaccharide: [carbohydrate structure: see text] where FucNAc is ...
Goubet Florence - - 2003
The electrophoretic migration in polyacrylamide gels of oligogalacturonic acids (OGAs) derivatized by a fluorophore (2-aminoacridone) was studied. We found conditions such that OGAs can be separated up to a degree of polymerization (DP) of 40. The migration was dependent on degree of methylation and DP, because the OGA mobility relies ...
Guo F C - - 2003
In vitro fermentabilities of two mushrooms (Lentinus edodes--LenS; Tremella fuciformis--TreS), an herb (Astragalus membranaceus--AstS), and their polysaccharide fractions (LenE, TreE, and AstE) were investigated using microflora from chicken ceca. Polysaccharides were extracted using the hot water method. The mushrooms had lower polysaccharide yields (8 to 10%) than the herb (31%). ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2003
The major cell wall polymer of Streptomyces sp. VKM Ac-2125, the causative agent of potato scab, is galactomannan with the repeating unit of the following structure: [carbohydrate structure in text] The polysaccharide with such a structure is found in the bacterial cell wall for the first time. The cell wall ...
Fudala Rafal - - 2003
A phosphorylated, choline-containing polysaccharide was obtained by O-deacylation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Proteus mirabilis O18 by treatment with aqueous 12% ammonia, whereas hydrolysis with dilute acetic acid resulted in depolymerisation of the polysaccharide chain by the glycosyl phosphate linkage. Treatment of the O-deacylated LPS with aqueous 48% hydrofluoric acid ...
Leemans Jaklien C - - 2003
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen in nosocomial pneumonia. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and peptidoglycan (PepG) are part of the staphylococcal cell wall. Here we show that LTA and PepG act in synergy to cause polymorphonuclear cell recruitment in the pulmonary compartment during S. aureus pneumonia.
Matsumoto Atsuko - - 2003
A novel actinomycete strain was isolated from a soil sample collected in Japan by using gellan gum as a solidifying agent. Spore-chains from the short sporophores were straight and each had more than 20 spores per chain. Spores possessed no motility. Cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glycine, alanine and glutamic ...
Kim Kwang Kyu - - 2003
A nitrate-reducing bacterium, strain SPR2(T), was isolated from a sulphur-oxidizing, autotrophic denitrification reactor used for advanced treatment of wastewater from the lake of Sihwa, Korea. The strain was aerobic but could grow under anaerobic conditions. It was Gram-positive, exhibited rough white colonies on complex nutrient agar, produced elementary branching hyphae ...
Maurer-Menestrina Juliana - - 2003
Structural features of the acidic, highly substituted glycanoxylan (LCP; 87% yield) from the gum exudate of the palm, Livistona chinensis, family Arecaceae, were determined. It had [alpha]D -30 degrees, Mw 1.9x10(5) and a polydispersity ratio Mw/Mn of approximately 1.0. Acid hydrolysis gave rise to Rha, Fuc, Ara, Xyl, and Gal, ...
Kim Gi-Young - - 2003
Phellinus linteus is a well-known oriental medicinal fungus that has various biological activities such as stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity, anti-mutagenicity activity, and anti-cancer activity. The process of isolating and purifying a water-soluble glycan from P. linteus was achieved by hot water extraction, filtration, solvent precipitation, dialysis, and ...
Bystrova O V - - 2003
The products of the strong alkaline degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa immunotype 5 were separated by anion-exchange HPLC and studied by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. It was found that two major products have the same inner core region and lipid A carbohydrate backbone (A) ...
Davis Thomas A - - 2003
The use of a number of species of marine brown algae in the implementation of bioremediation strategies for toxic heavy metals is being considered and evaluated. The biosorption capacity of these algae for heavy metals resides mainly in a group of linear polysaccharides known as alginates that occur as a ...
Ishurd Omar - - 2003
Alkali-soluble polysaccharides, isolated from the seeds of dates, have been investigated using methylation and partial hydrolysis studies. The polysaccharides are shown to contain D-xylose and 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid in a molar ratio of 5:1. An aldobiouronic acid from hemicellulose was characterized, and investigation revealed that the hemicellulose consists of a polymer ...
Kristian Sascha A - - 2003
Staphylococcus aureus is inherently resistant to cationic antimicrobial peptides because of alanylation of cell envelope teichoic acids. To test the effect of alanylated teichoic acids on virulence and host defense mediated by Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), wild-type (wt) S. aureus ATCC35556 (S.a.113) and its isogenic mutant expressing unalanylated teichoic acids ...
Jin Yong - - 2003
Mycelia of a wild strain Poria cocos were cultured in two media differing in one constituent: bran extract or corn steep liquor, and are designated as wb and wc, respectively. Six polysaccharide fractions were isolated sequentially from the two mycelia by 0.9% NaCl (PCM1), hot water (PCM2), 0.5 M NaOH ...
Durot Nathalie - - 2003
This study reports on the structural modifications of wheat straw cell wall promoted by potassium carbonate and sodium hydroxide that lead to the unmasking of some lignin structures. The first impact of the treatments was the extraction of a particular fraction of lignin enriched in C-C linked structures compared to ...
Pereira Leonel - - 2003
Many seaweeds produce phycocolloids, stored in the cell wall. Members of the Rhodophyceae produce polysaccharides the main components of which are galactose (galactans)-agar and carrageenan. In addition, alginic acid is extracted from members of the Phaeophyceae. This is a binary polyuronide made up of mannuronic acid and guluronic acid. The ...
Li Y - - 2003
Corynebacterium glutamicum CCTCC M201005 produces a novel polygalacturonic acid bioflocculant, REA-11, consisting of galacturonic acid as the main structural unit. A biosynthetic pathway of REA-11 in C. glutamicum CCTCC M201005 was proposed. Evidence for the biosynthetic pathway was provided by: (1) analyzing the response upon addition of UDP-glucose to the ...
Toukach Filip V - - 2003
The O-polysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O44, strain PrK 67/57 was studied by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, H-detected 1H, 13C HMQC, HMQC-TOCSY and HMBC experiments. The polysaccharide was found to contain an amide of D-glucuronic acid with L-alanine [D-GlcA6(L-Ala)], and the following structure of the ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2003
The O-polysaccharide (O-antigen) of Providencia alcalifaciens O21 was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy. It was found that the polysaccharide is built up of branched pentasaccharide repeating units with a terminal residue of 3-formamido-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose (D-Fuc3NFo) and has the following structure: ...
Gibson Kevin J C - - 2003
The genus Amycolatopsis is a member of the phylogenetic group nocardioform actinomycetes, which also includes the genus Mycobacterium. Members of this group have a characteristic cell envelope structure, dominated by various complex lipids and polysaccharides. Amongst these, lipoglycans are of particular interest since mycobacterial lipoarabinomannans are important immunomodulatory molecules. In ...
Hashimoto Masahito - - 2003
Glycoconjugates are distributed on the cell surfaces of some small-sized treponemes and have been reported to be completely different from lipopolysaccharides. We separated a glycoconjugate fraction from Treponema medium ATCC 700293, a medium-sized oral spirochete, to assess its immunobiological activities and elucidate the chemical structure of its polysaccharide part using ...
Schwudke Dominik - - 2003
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus are predatory bacteria that penetrate Gram-negative bacteria and grow intraperiplasmically at the expense of the prey. It was suggested that B. bacteriovorus partially degrade and reutilize lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the host, thus synthesizing an outer membrane containing structural elements of the prey. According to this hypothesis a host-independent ...
Hashii Noritaka - - 2003
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus O2 and O-untypable (OUT) strain (KX-V212) isolated from an individual patient were shown to contain 5,7-diamino-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-non-2-ulosonic acid (NonlA), which was readily released from LPS by mild acid hydrolysis. In the present study, we investigated the chemical and serological properties of NonlA isolated from LPS of ...
Donati Ivan - - 2003
Coupling of alginate with 1-amino-1-deoxygalactose in the presence of 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide results in a substituted polymer containing galactose side linked via an amide bond. To clarify the degree and pattern of substitution, a (1)H NMR study on the anomeric region of modified alginate, polymannuronate, alginate enriched in guluronic acid (G-enriched alginate), ...
Hashii Noritaka - - 2003
A structural investigation has been carried out on the carbohydrate backbone of Vibrio parahaemolyticus O2 lipopolysaccharides (LPS) isolated by dephosphorylation, O-deacylation and N-deacylation. The carbohydrate backbone is a short-chain saccharide consisting of nine monosaccharide units i.e., 1 mol each of D-galactose (Gal), D-glucose (Glc), D-glucuronic acid (GlcA), L-glycero-D-manno-heptose (L,D-Hep), D-glycero-D-manno-heptose ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2003
The O-specific polysaccharide of Providencia rustigianii O14 was obtained by mild acid degradation of the LPS and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy, including 2D 1H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, and 1H,(13)C HSQC experiments. The polysaccharide was found to contain N (epsilon)-[(S)-1-carboxyethyl]-N(alpha)-(D-galacturonoyl)-L-lysine ('alaninolysine', 2S,8S-AlaLys). The amino acid component was isolated ...
Volpi Nicola - - 2003
Escherichia coli K4 bacterium synthesizes a nonsulfated capsule polysaccharide (K4) composed of a repeating disaccharide subunit of D-glucuronic acid (beta1-->3) and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (beta1-->4) to which beta-fructofuranose units are linked to C-3 of D-glucuronic acid residues. The K4 polyanion is easily defructosylated under acid conditions with no fragmentation of the polymer ...
Kondakova A N - - 2003
Four new Proteus O-specific polysaccharides were isolated by mild acid degradation from the lipopolysaccharides of P. penneri 28 (1), P. vulgaris O44 (2), P. mirabilis G1 (O3) (3), and P. myxofaciens (4), and their structures were elucidated using NMR spectroscopy and chemical methods. They were found to contain non-carbohydrate organic ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2003
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the bacterial blight pathogen of rice, is known to produce phytotoxic polysaccharides. The extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) was isolated from virulent (BXO1) and virulence-deficient gum G mutant (BXO1002) strains of X. oryzae pv. oryzae and characterized using fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Data ...
Vinogradov Evgeny - - 2003
Flexibacter maritimus, a Gram-negative bacterium, is a fish pathogen responsible for disease in finfish species and a cause of cutaneous erosion disease in sea-caged salmonids. For the development of serology based diagnostics, protective vaccines, and a study of pathogenesis, the structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) produced by the bacterium ...
Ratnayake R M Sunil - - 2003
Changes in the cell-wall polysaccharides (CWP) of the edible tissues of four winter squash cultivars during storage and after cooking were investigated. A procedure for isolating cell walls of tissues containing high levels of starch was used. The starch-free CWP were sequentially fractionated using CDTA, dilute Na(2)CO(3), and 4 M ...
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