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Results 301 - 350 of 1921
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Rättö M - - 2006
In this study, polysaccharide-producing bacteria were isolated from slimes collected from two Finnish and one Spanish paper mill and the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced by 18 isolates were characterised. Most of the isolates, selected on the bases of slimy colony morphology, were members of the family Enterobacteriaceae most frequently belonging to ...
Jain Sulakshana - - 2006
Alginate is a polysaccharide that is a block polymer consisting of block units of guluronic acid and mannuronic acid. It shows inherent biological affinity for a variety of enzymes such as pectinase, lipase, phospholipase D, a and ss amylases and glucoamylase. Taking advantage of its precipitation with Ca2+ and the ...
Zakir Hossain A K M - - 2006
The present study was conducted to investigate the cell wall properties in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in their sensitivity to Al stress. Seedlings of Al-resistant, Inia66 and Al-sensitive, Kalyansona cultivars were grown in complete nutrient solutions for 4 days and then subjected to treatment solutions containing Al ...
Miyazaki Kohji - - 2005
Experiments were done to define the nature of the xylan-derived induction signal for xylanase activity, and evaluate which xylanase genes among the three known ones (xynA, xynB and xynC) are induced by the presence of xylan in Prevotella bryantii B(1)4. During the later stages of exponential growth on glucose, addition ...
Wu X-M - - 2005
Three unique polysaccharides (1-3) have been obtained from the 0.5 M NaOH extract of the stem of Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma. The results of methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, 13C, 1H NMR, 1H-1H COSY, HMQC and HMBC spectroscopic analyses indicate that they are all composed of glucose, having a ...
Huang Gang-Liang - - 2005
Fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) is a straightforward, sensitive method for determining the presence and relative abundance of individual (oligo)saccharides in a(n) (oligo)saccharide mixture. The single-terminal aldehydes of oligoglucoside residues released by acid hydrolysis of beta-1,3-D-glucan from yeast were tagged with the charged fluorophore ANTS (8-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6-trisulphonate), and separated with high resolution ...
Cyran Malgorzata R - - 2005
Recent studies have indicated that some structural features of arabinoxylans, the major cell wall polysaccharides, might be potential quality markers in the selection of rye breeding materials. To specify the most appropriate characteristics, the differences in the structure of cell wall components were studied in two ryes with high and ...
Soliman Nadia A - - 2005
A locally isolated thermostable Bacillus strain producing polyglutamic acid (PGA) was characterized and identified based on 16S rRNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed its closeness to Bacillus licheniformis. To evaluate the effect of different culture conditions on the production of PGA, Plackett-Burman factorial design was carried out. Fifteen variables were examined ...
Wei Chunfang - - 2006
We investigated the effects of acid conditions on the extensibility of isolated wall segments from growing Chara corallina cells, providing the first detailed multi-azimuthal description of the anisotropic elastic modulus of the walls. The values of anisotropic modulus were obtained by loading a tensile force on wall ribbons excised from ...
Zhong Ruiqin - - 2005
Secondary walls in vessels and fibers of dicotyledonous plants are mainly composed of cellulose, xylan, and lignin. Although genes involved in biosynthesis of cellulose and lignin have been intensively studied, little is known about genes participating in xylan synthesis. We found that Arabidopsis thaliana fragile fiber8 (fra8) is defective in ...
Franke Rochus - - 2005
Cutinized and suberized cell walls form physiological important plant-environment interfaces as they act as barriers limiting water and nutrient loss and protect from radiation and invasion by pathogens. Due to the lack of protocols for the isolation and analysis of cutin and suberin in Arabidopsis, the model plant for molecular ...
Boh B - - 2005
Three higher hydrocarbon phase change materials (PCMs) with melting points of 25, 40 and 50 degrees C were microencapsulated by in situ polymerization of amino-aldehyde resins. Trimethylolmelamine (TMM) and hexamethoxymethylolmelamine (HMMM) were studied as amino-aldehyde pre-polymers for microcapsule wall formation, in combination with emulsifying/modifying agents based on styrene-malein anhydride copolymers ...
Kishore Kankipati Hara - - 2005
Alternaria tenuissima, the parasitic fungus, was obtained from the pruned upper-cut surfaces of mulberry stems. This fungus contains dark pigment because of the presence of melanin in the cell wall. To obtain less-pigmented cell walls, this fungus was grown under dark condition. When the pigmented and less-pigmented cell walls were ...
Jones Nigel A - - 2005
Described herein is the synthesis of 3-C-carboxy-5-deoxy-L-xylose (aceric acid), a rare branched-chain sugar found in the complex pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-II. The key synthetic step in the construction of aceric acid was the stereoselective addition of 2-trimethylsilyl thiazole to 5-deoxy-1,2-O-isopropylidene-alpha-L-erythro-pentofuran-3-ulose (2), which was prepared from L-xylose. The thiazole group was efficiently ...
Takeda Minoru - - 2005
Leptothrix cholodnii is an aerobic sheath-forming bacterium often found in oligotrophic and metal-rich aquatic environments. The sheath of this bacterium was isolated by selectively lysing the cells. Glycine and cysteine were the major amino acids of the sheath. The sheath was readily dissolved in hydrazine, and a polysaccharide substituted with ...
Costachel Corina - - 2005
Galactomannan is a characteristic polysaccharide of the human filamentous fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus that can be used to diagnose invasive aspergillosis. In this study, we report the isolation of a galactomannan fraction associated to membrane preparations from A. fumigatus mycelium by a lipid anchor. Specific chemical and enzymatic degradations and ...
Inngjerdingen Kari Tvete - - 2005
Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC. (Aizoaceae) is a Malian medicinal plant used against various types of illnesses related to the immune response, like joint pains, inflammations, fever, malaria and wounds. Two pectin type polysaccharides, GOA1 and GOA2, being isolated from a 50 degrees C water extract from the aerial parts ...
Yang Byung Y - - 2005
Oxidation of lactose by bromine in an aqueous buffered solution was conducted as a model experiment to examine the glycosidic linkage cleavage occurring during the oxidation of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. The resulting oxidation products, after reduction with sodium borodeuteride, were characterized by GLC-MS analyses of the per-O-methyl or per-O-Me3Si derivatives. ...
Mellinger Caroline G - - 2005
Phyllanthus niruri is a well-known herb widely used medicinally in Asia, Africa, and South America. Aqueous extraction of the intact plant provided an acidic arabinogalactan, which was characterized chemically, and its effects on peritoneal macrophage activation were determined. Methylation analyses and (13)C NMR spectroscopy showed it to have a complex ...
Sun Yuanlin - - 2005
Crude water-soluble polysaccharides (ASP) were separated from Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels by hot water extraction. They were fractionated into neutral and acidic polysaccharides by anion-exchange chromatography. The neutral polysaccharide (ASP1) was rich in glucose, galactose, and arabinose suggesting a mixture of glucan and arabinogalactan. The acidic polysaccharide (ASP2, ASP3) consisted ...
Wack Maren - - 2005
An acidic arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) isolated from an aqueous extract of the roots of wild indigo [ Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br.] by precipitation with beta-glucosyl Yariv reagent consists of L-arabinose (34.0 %) and D-galactose (58.7 %) (1 : 1.7), minor amounts of D-glucuronic acid (4.0 %) and traces of D-rhamnose ...
Pomin Vitor H - - 2005
Sulfated fucans from marine invertebrates have simple, linear structures, composed of repeating units of oligosaccharides. Most of these polysaccharides contain 3-linked fucosyl units, but each species of invertebrate has a specific pattern of sulfation. No specific enzyme able to cleave or to desulfate these polysaccharides has been described yet. Therefore, ...
Ballance Simon - - 2005
Alginates comprised of essentially alternating units of mannuronic (M) acid-guluronic (G) acid (MG-alginate), and G-blocks isolated from a seaweed where subjected to partial acid hydrolysis at pH 3.5 The chain-length distribution of oligosaccharides in the hydrolysate were investigated by statistical analysis after their separation with high-performance anion-exchange chromatography and pulsed ...
De Castro Cristina - - 2005
From the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fraction of the plant-pathogenic bacterium Burkholderia caryophylli, the linkage between O-specific caryan and core region was characterised. The LPS fraction was first treated with 48% aqueous HF at 4 degrees C and successively with 1% acetic acid at 100 degrees C. A main oligosaccharide representing the ...
Hirokawa Yasutaka - - 2005
In the coccolithophorid microalgae acidic polysaccharides are considered to be involved in the formation of the calcified scale, coccolith. Characteristics of the acidic polysaccharides extracted from the cell surface of the coccolithophorid Pleurochrysis haptonemofera were analyzed. The acidic polysaccharides on the cell surface can be detected by measuring fluorescence of ...
Kobayashi Makio - - 2005
Soy sauce is a traditional fermented seasoning of East Asian countries and is available throughout the world. In Japanese soy sauce (shoyu), soybeans and wheat are the two main raw materials, used in almost the same quantity. Proteins of the raw materials are completely degraded into peptides and amino acids ...
Petzold Christopher J - - 2005
Structural aspects of lipoarabinomannans (LAM) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis were investigated by using mild acid hydrolysis in combination with Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR), and quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry. Exact mass measurements with less than 2.5 ppm mass error confirmed the presence of a series of arabinose ...
Kilcoyne Michelle - - 2005
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide (PS) of the agar-digesting bacterium Shewanella japonica with the type strain KMM 3299(T) was obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of the lipopolysaccharide. The polysaccharide was studied by component analysis, methylation analysis, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D NMR experiments. The PS was determined to have ...
Ferguson Lynnette R - - 2005
We demonstrate that two hydroxycinnamic acids, (E )-ferulic acid and (E )-p-coumaric acid, have the ability to protect against oxidative stress and genotoxicity in cultured mammalian cells. They also show the ability to reduce the activity of the xenobiotic metabolising enzyme, cytochrome P450 1A, and downregulate the expression of the ...
Harris Philip J - - 2005
Wheat bran is a good source of dietary fibre in the form of cell walls, but contains a number of different cell types. We describe a large-scale procedure for the production of an aleurone-rich and a pericarp-rich fraction from hard, Australian wheat. The fractions were characterised by field-emission scanning electron ...
Pepi Milva - - 2005
A bacterial strain ANT-3b was isolated at the sea-ice seawater interface from Terra Nova Bay station, Ross Sea, Antarctica. It was isolated on mineral medium supplemented with 2% diesel fuel as a sole carbon and energy source and grown routinely on 2% n-hexadecane. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence indicates ...
Li Jiebing - - 2005
Aspen wood was treated with steam at different time-temperature severity factors. Analysis of the amounts of acids released revealed a relationship between the acidity and the formation of furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural as degradation products from carbohydrates. It is suggested that two concurrent or consecutive mechanisms are responsible for the ...
Frirdich Emilisa - - 2005
In Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica, the core oligosaccharide backbone of the lipopolysaccharide is modified by phosphoryl groups. The negative charges provided by these residues are important in maintaining the barrier function of the outer membrane. In contrast, Klebsiella pneumoniae lacks phosphoryl groups in its core oligosaccharide but instead contains ...
Ovchinnikova Olga G - - 2005
The O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia stuartii O43:H28 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses, Smith degradation and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D ROESY, and H-detected 1H, 13C HSQC and HMBC experiments, as well as a NOESY experiment in a 9:1 ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2005
The O-polysaccharide (O-antigen) of Providencia stuartii O44:H4 (strain 3768/51) was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D (1)H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, and H-detected (1)H,(13)C HSQC, and HMQC-TOCSY experiments. The O-polysaccharide was found to ...
Zandleven Joris - - 2005
XGH (xylogalacturonan hydrolase; GH 28) is an enzyme that is capable of degrading XGA (xylogalacturonan), which is a polymer of alpha-D-galacturonic acid, highly substituted with beta-D-xylose. XGA is present in cell walls of various plants and exudates, such as gum tragacanth. XGA oligosaccharides were derived from an XGH digestion of ...
Iyer Anita - - 2005
An exopolysaccharide producing marine bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae, was isolated from marine sediment collected from Gujarat coast, India. Chemical investigation of exopolysaccharide (EPS 71 a) revealed that this exopolysaccharide was an acidic polysaccliaride containing high amount of uronic acid, fucose and sulfate which is rare for bacterial exopolysaccharides. EPS 71a was ...
Zhu Ying - - 2005
Panax notoginseng is a commonly used medicinal plant in south-western China. Recent studies indicate that wall polysaccharides are responsible for some of the immunostimulatory activity. Fractionation of the P. notoginseng root powder alcohol insoluble residue (AIR) and its compositional analysis enabled us to deduce the polysaccharide and protein composition of ...
Rodríguez-Carvajal Miguel A - - 2005
We have determined the structure of a capsular polysaccharide from Sinorhizobium fredii HWG35. This polysaccharide was isolated following the standard protocols applied for lipopolysaccharide isolation. On the basis of monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis, mass spectrometric analysis, one-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR, and two-dimensional NMR experiments, the structure was shown to ...
Palmarola-Adrados Beatriz - - 2005
Wheat bran (WB), produced worldwide in large quantities as a by-product of the wheat milling industry, constitutes a significant underutilized source of sugars. This paper describes various methods of hydrolyzing the abundant polysaccharides in bran to yield a sugar feedstock suitable for fermentation into bioethanol. Firstly, the starch in the ...
Yu P - - 2005
Relatively high amounts of hydroxycinnamic acid in oat hulls, mainly ferulic acid, are believed to be inhibitory to digestion by ruminal microorganisms. Ferulic acid is produced via the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway and covalently cross-linked to polysaccharides by ester bonds and to components of lignin, mainly by ether bonds. Ferulic acid ...
Stead Christopher - - 2005
The lipid A domain anchors lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to the outer membrane and is typically a disaccharide of glucosamine that is both acylated and phosphorylated. The core and O-antigen carbohydrate domains are linked to the lipid A moiety through the eight-carbon sugar 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid known as Kdo. Helicobacter pylori LPS has ...
Schreiber Lukas - - 2005
Apoplastic transport barriers in the roots of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR64) and corn (Zea mays L. cv. Helix) were isolated enzymatically. Following chemical degradation (monomerization, derivatization), the amounts of aliphatic and aromatic suberin monomers were analysed quantitatively by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. In corn, suberin was determined ...
Sobry S - - 2005
The nature of pectins (acidic, methyl-, or acetyl-esterified) in the shoot meristem of Sinapis alba was assessed by immunocytochemistry with the 2F4 monoclonal antibody in light and electron microscopy. This antibody is specific for "egg-boxes"--the polygalacturonic acid conformation induced by calcium as described in Liners et al. (Plant Physiol. 99: ...
Mahapatra Sebabrata - - 2005
The peptidoglycan of Mycobacterium spp. reportedly has some unique features, including the occurrence of N-glycolylmuramic rather than N-acetylmuramic acid. However, very little is known of the actual biosynthesis of mycobacterial peptidoglycan, including the extent and origin of N glycolylation. In the present work, we have isolated and analyzed muramic acid ...
Fox Alvin - - 2005
Muramic acid (Mur) is found in bacterial peptidoglycan (PG) whereas 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH FAs) are found in Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Thus Mur and 3-OH FAs serve as markers to assess bacterial levels in indoor air. An initial survey, in a school, demonstrated that the levels of dust, PG ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2005
The O-polysaccharide (O-antigen) was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia stuartii O57:H29. Studies by sugar and methylation analyses along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional (1)H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, H-detected (1)H,(13)C HSQC, and HMBC experiments, showed that the polysaccharide contains an amide of D-galacturonic ...
Lamb David H - - 2005
Meningococcal polysaccharides are medically important molecules and are the active components of vaccines against Neisseria meningiditis serogroups A, C, W135, and Y. This study demonstrates that free solution capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) using simple phosphate/borate separation buffers is capable of separating intact, native polysaccharides from these four serogroups. Separation appeared ...
Yudovin-Farber Ira - - 2005
Cationic polysaccharides were synthesized by conjugation of various oligoamines to oxidized polysaccharides by reductive amination and tested for antiprion activity. Polycations of dextran, pullulan and arabinogalactan grafted with oligoamines of 2 to 4 amino groups were investigated for their ability to eliminate PrP(Sc), the protease-resistant isoform of the prion protein, ...
Rättö M - - 2005
Development of novel enzymatic methods for slime deposit control in paper mills requires knowledge of polysaccharide-producing organisms and the polysaccharide structures present in deposits. In this work, 27 polysaccharide-producing bacteria were isolated from slime samples collected from different parts of a paper machine. Most of the isolates produced polysaccharides in ...
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