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Results 251 - 300 of 1920
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Meppen Malte - - 2007
With the hope of mimicking the chemical and biological properties of natural 6-O-methyl-D-glucose-containing polysaccharides (MGPs), synthetic 6-O-methyl-D-glucose-containing polysaccharides (sMGPs) were designed and synthesized from alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrins (CDs). The synthetic route proved to be flexible and general, to furnish a series of sMGPs ranging from 6-mer to 20-mer. A ...
Ortega-Morales B O - - 2007
AIM: This study was performed to determine the potential of tropical intertidal biofilm bacteria as a source of novel exopolymers (EPS). METHODS AND RESULTS: A screening procedure was implemented to detect EPS-producing biofilm bacteria. Isolates MC3B-10 and MC6B-22, identified respectively as a Microbacterium species and Bacillus species by 16S rDNA ...
Kaito Chikara - - 2007
Wild-type Staphylococcus aureus rapidly expands on the surface of soft agar plates. The rates of expansion and the shapes of the resultant giant colonies were distinct for different strains of laboratory stocks and clinical isolates. The colony spreading abilities did not correlate with the biofilm-forming abilities in these strains. Insertional ...
Bushmarinov Ivan S - - 2007
The O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O32 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses, solvolysis with triflic acid, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional 1H,1H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, H-detected 1H,13C HSQC and HMBC experiments. It was found that the polysaccharide has ...
Jin Chang-Hai - - 2006
Changes in cell wall structure, decrease in tissue firmness and ethylene production in honey peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, cv. 'Yuhuasanhao'] were investigated after various storage at 5 degrees C and at 20 degrees C. The results showed that during storage, the peak of ethylene production lagged significantly behind the ...
Chakraborty Indranil - - 2006
A water-insoluble glucan, TEINS has been isolated from the hot alkaline extract of an edible mushroom Termitomyces eurhizus. The total carbohydrate content of the polysaccharide fraction was found to be 98.4%, and it was found to contain only glucose as the monosaccharide constituent. On the basis of total acid hydrolysis, ...
Raungsomboon Suneerat - - 2006
Pb2+ adsorption by the living cells of the cyanobacterium Gloeocapsa gelatinosa was studied. Cyanobacterial cells with intact capsular polysaccharide (CPS) showed 5.7 times higher Pb adsorption capacity than that of cells without CPS. The adsorbed Pb was desorbed by EDTA, indicating that Pb2+ adsorption occurred mainly on cell surface. Production, ...
Weimer Paul J - - 2006
Anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria are thought to adhere to cellulose via several mechanisms, including production of a glycocalyx containing extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). As the compositions and structures of these glycocalyces have not been elucidated, variable-pressure scanning electron microscopy (VP-SEM) and chemical analysis were used to characterize the glycocalyx of the ...
Kilcoyne Michelle - - 2006
The nature of the polysaccharide molecules of the human enteric pathogen Campylobacter jejuni has been the subject of debate. Previously, C. jejuni 81116 was shown to contain two different polysaccharides, one acidic (polysaccharide A) and the other neutral (polysaccharide B), occurring in a 3 : 1 ratio, respectively. The aim ...
Fang Xubo - - 2006
An acidic polysaccharide fraction that had high anticomplementary activity was isolated from the stems of Grey Mangrove in 0.15% yield. The final fractions was designated HAM-3-IIb-II. The polysaccharide fraction appeared to be homogenous by high performance size exclusion chromatography with an estimated molecular weight of 105 kDa. The isolated polysaccharide ...
D'Elia Michael A - - 2006
An extensive literature has established that the synthesis of wall teichoic acid in Bacillus subtilis is essential for cell viability. Paradoxically, we have recently shown that wall teichoic acid biogenesis is dispensable in Staphylococcus aureus (M. A. D'Elia, M. P. Pereira, Y. S. Chung, W. Zhao, A. Chau, T. J. ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2007
An acidic O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O150 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses, triflic acid solvolysis, Smith degradation, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D ROESY, (1)H,(13)C HSQC, HMQC-TOCSY, and HMBC experiments. The polysaccharide was found to contain a regioisomer ...
Zhu Ying - - 2006
Panax notoginseng is a commonly used medicinal plant in south-western China. In a previous study, a sequential solubilisation of P. notoginseng high-molecular-weight (HMW) polymers using phenol-acetic acid-water, hot water, weak and strong alkali was performed to determine the structure of the component polysaccharides and proteins. The effects of these extracted ...
Lukasiewicz Jolanta - - 2006
Plesiomonas shigelloides is a Gram-negative bacterium associated with waterborne infections, which is common in tropical and subtropical habitats. Contrary to the unified antigenic classification of P. shigelloides, data concerning the structure and activity of their lipopolysaccharides (LPS and endotoxin) are limited. This study completes the structural investigation of phenol- and ...
MacLean Leann L - - 2006
The structure of the antigenic O-polysaccharide (O-PS) of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) produced by the enterohemorrhagic strain of Escherichia coli O48:H21 (EHEC) has been elucidated. The O-PS obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of the LPS had [alpha]D +95 (water) and was composed of L-rhamnose (L-Rha), D-galactose (D-Gal), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose (D-GlcN), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-galactose (D-GalN), ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2007
The O-polysaccharide chain of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Providencia stuartii O20 was found to contain d-glucuronic acid, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, and a rarely occurring higher sugar 5,7-diacetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-l-glycero-d-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid (di-N-acetyl-8-epilegionaminic acid, 8eLeg5Ac7Ac). Degradation of the LPS with dilute acetic acid caused depolymerization of the polysaccharide chain by the ketosidic linkage to give a ...
Bunzel Mirko - - 2006
Two new dehydrotriferulic acids and two dehydrotetraferulic acids were isolated from saponified maize bran insoluble fiber using size exclusion chromatography on Bio-Beads S-X3 followed by Sephadex LH-20 chromatography and semipreparative phenyl-hexyl reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography. On the basis of UV spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments, ...
Remminghorst Uwe - - 2006
Alginate is a polysaccharide belonging to the family of linear (unbranched), non-repeating copolymers, consisting of variable amounts of beta-D-mannuronic acid and its C5-epimer alpha- L-guluronic acid linked via beta-1,4-glycosidic bonds. Like DNA, alginate is a negatively charged polymer, imparting material properties ranging from viscous solutions to gel-like structures in the ...
Jiang Yan-Hua - - 2008
The water-soluble intra-polysaccharides WIPS1 and water-soluble extra-polysaccharides WEPS1 were isolated from Isaria farinosa B05 through ethanol precipitation and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Their characteristics were determined by chemical analysis, gas chromatography, GPC and IR spectroscopy. The results show that WIPS1 contained 90.3% carbohydrate, 8.00% uronic acid, 7.15% protein and three ...
Meychik N R - - 2006
The composition of ionogenic groups and ion-exchange capacity were studied in the polymeric matrix of cell walls isolated from the pollen grain and tissues of vegetative organs (leaves and stems) of Lilium longiflorum Thunb. The ion-exchange capacity was evaluated at different pH values and ionic strength of 100 mM. In ...
Snyder David Scott - - 2006
Salmonella enteritidis is a food-borne enteric human pathogen that can form a complex protective extracellular matrix. We describe here a component of this matrix which is distinct from other known salmonella extracellular polysaccharides such as cellulose and colanic acid. We have used glycosyl composition and linkage analysis, as well as ...
McNally David J - - 2006
A recent study that examined multiple strains of Campylobacter jejuni reported that HS:19, a serostrain that has been associated with the onset of Guillain-Barré syndrome, had unidentified labile, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) structures. In this study, we expand on this observation by using current glyco-analytical technologies to characterize these unknown groups. ...
Wu Yalin - - 2006
An alkali-extractable polysaccharide (1) was isolated from the seeds of Retama raetam ssp. gussonei. Its composition and linkage determination have been investigated using component analysis, methylation analysis, hydrolysis studies, and NMR spectroscopic analysis. This was shown to contain d-xylose, d-glucose, and 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid in a molar ratio of 7:2:1 and ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2006
A teichoic acid-like O-polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Escherichia coli O29. The O-polysaccharide and an oligosaccharide obtained by dephosphorylation of the O-polysaccharide were studied by sugar analysis along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The following structure of the branched oligosaccharide repeating unit, ...
Schatz Paul F - - 2006
A new product implicated in cereal grain polysaccharide cross-linking has been authenticated by independent synthesis. Saponification of cereal grain fiber releases the RRRS/SSSR-isomer of 2,5-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-tetrahydrofuran-3,4-dicarboxylic acid. The parent ester logically derives from 8-8-coupling of ferulate followed by water addition to one of the incipient quinone methide moieties and internal trapping ...
Xu F - - 2006
Sequential three-stage treatments with 80% EtOH containing 0.2% NaOH, 2.5% H2O2-0.2% EDTA containing 1.5% NaOH and 2.5% H2O2-0.2% TAED containing 1.0% NaOH at 75 degrees C for 3h released 8.0% and 10.4%, 79.1% and 77.0% and 12.9% and 12.5% of the original hemicelluloses from perennial grass and cocksfoot grass, respectively. ...
Bhavsar Amit P - - 2006
Although the bacterial cell wall has been the subject of decades of investigation, recent studies continue to generate novel and controversial models of its synthesis and assembly. Here we compare and contrast the transcompartmental biosyntheses of peptidoglycan and teichoic acid in Bacillus subtilis. In addition, the current paradigms of B. ...
Hindrichsen I K - - 2006
Hemicelluloses, cellulose, and lignin contents of contrasting feeds, with emphasis on concentrate ingredients and complete concentrates, were analyzed using the Van Soest detergent procedure (analyzing neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, and acid detergent lignin) and the enzymatic-chemical procedure (analyzing cellulose, soluble and insoluble noncellulosic polysaccharides, and Klason lignin). Also, ...
Oka Takuji - - 2006
UDP-D-glucuronic acid and UDP-D-xylose are required for the biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycan in mammals and of cell wall polysaccharides in plants. Given the importance of these glycans to some organisms, the development of a system for production of UDP-D-glucuronic acid and UDP-D-xylose from a common precursor could prove useful for a ...
D'Elia Michael A - - 2006
An extensive study of teichoic acid biosynthesis in the model organism Bacillus subtilis has established teichoic acid polymers as essential components of the gram-positive cell wall. However, similar studies pertaining to therapeutically relevant organisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus, are scarce. In this study we have carried out a meticulous examination ...
Kives Juliana - - 2006
The polysaccharides associated with free (planktonic) and surface-attached (biofilm) cells from cultures of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain B52 were compared. Variations in the attached matrix due to surface material (glass or stainless steel) were also analyzed. Two digestion methods were used to optimize the recoveries of sugars, uronic acids and acidic ...
Urai Makoto - - 2006
A possibility has been suggested of applying the EPS produced by Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain S-2 (S-2 EPS) to the bioremediation of oil-contaminated environments, because its addition, together with minerals, to oil-contaminated seawater resulted in emulsification of the oil, increased the degradation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of the oil, and led ...
Lee Ji-Hye - - 2006
Previous studies have revealed the inhibitory effects of an acidic polysaccharide purified from the root of Panax ginseng against the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to gastric epithelial cells and the ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis to agglutinate erythrocytes. In this study, this acidic polysaccharide from P. ginseng, PG-F2, was investigated further, ...
Canaán-Haden Leonardo - - 2006
A methods using high-performance reverse phase (RP) chromatography with fluorescence detection, has been developed to determine the composition and identity of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharide used in formulating conjugate vaccine for prevention of pneumococcal infection. For the monosaccharide composition, the polysaccharides were subjected to hydrofluoric acid (HF) hydrolysis followed by ...
Herbert Ben R - - 2006
2-DE separations of protein extracts sometimes have problems with poor resolution and streaking. This problem is particularly apparent with microorganisms, most notably those with a large cell wall. Here we describe a novel, rapid protocol for the extraction of microorganisms in acidic conditions, leading to increased resolution and 2-D gel ...
Soddell Jacques A - - 2006
The taxonomic position of two mycolic-acid-producing actinomycetes, isolates J81T and J82, which were recovered from activated sludge foam, was clarified. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies indicated that the organisms formed a distinct lineage within the Corynebacterineae 16S rRNA gene tree. The taxonomic integrity of this group was underpinned by ...
Zheng Y - - 2006
Two new acidic polysaccharides, F4 and F5, were isolated from the flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium. Monosaccharide analysis indicated that F4 contained arabinose, galactose and galacturonic acid units in a molar ratio of 1.0:2.3:6.8 and F5 contained arabinose, rhamnose galactose and galacturonic acid units in a molar ratio of 1.0:3.2:1.0:4.3. The ...
Blundell Charles D - - 2006
Hyaluronan oligosaccharides display physiological activities not associated with the polymer and are widely used to characterize hyaluronan-binding proteins. They can also be used as biocompatible starting blocks for chemical derivatization. Here we present methods for generating milligram quantities of unusual odd- and even-numbered oligosaccharides, greatly increasing the diversity of reagents ...
Petersen Fernanda C - - 2006
Bacteria grow preferentially attached to surfaces embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix to form biofilms. In this mode of growth, bacteria often show reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combination of NaF and the detergent sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) could result in additive ...
Laus Marc C - - 2006
Rhizobium bacteria produce different surface polysaccharides which are either secreted in the growth medium or contribute to a capsule surrounding the cell. Here, we describe isolation and partial characterization of a novel high molecular weight surface polysaccharide from a strain of Rhizobium leguminosarum that nodulates Pisum sativum (pea) and Vicia ...
Ginsberg Cynthia - - 2006
Wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are anionic polymers that decorate the cell walls of many gram-positive bacteria. These structures are essential for survival or virulence in many organisms, which makes the enzymes involved in their biosynthesis attractive targets for the development of new antibacterial agents. We present a strategy to obtain ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2006
The O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O30. Studies by sugar and methylation analyses along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional (1)H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, and H-detected (1)H,(13)C HSQC, HMBC, and HMQC-TOCSY experiments, showed that the polysaccharide has a linear pentasaccharide ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2006
Structures of the anionic polymers of streptomycetes Streptomyces fulvissimus VKM Ac-994(T), Streptomyces longispororuber VKM Ac-1735(T), Streptomyces aureoveticillatus VKM Ac-48(T) and Streptomyces spectabilis INA 00606 belonging to the phenetic cluster 'S. fulvissimus' were investigated by chemical and NMR spectroscopic methods. A teichoic acid from the cell wall of S. spectabilis INA ...
Vinogradov Evgueny - - 2006
Extracellular teichoic acid, an essential constituent of the biofilm produced by Staphylococcus epidermidis strain RP62A, is also an important constituent of the extracellular matrix of another biofilm producing strain, Staphylococcus aureus MN8m. The structure of the extracellular and cell wall teichoic acids of the latter strain was studied by NMR ...
Cui F J - - 2007
A 21-kDa heteropolysaccharide, coded as GFPS1b, was obtained from the cultured mycelia of Grifola frondosa GF9801 by hot-water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and fractioned by DEAE Sepharose Fast-flow, followed by the purification with Sephadex G-100 column chromatography using an AKTA purifier. It exhibited more potent anti-proliferative activity on MCF-7 cells than ...
Kim Lin-Su - - 2006
A novel polyglucosamine polymer, PGB-2, was produced extracellularly from a new strain Citrobacter sp. BL-4 using pH-stat fed batch cultivation. It was composed of 97.3% glucosamine and 2.7% rhamnose; its average molecular weight, solubility in 2% acetic acid and viscosity were 20 kDa, 5 g l(-1) and 2.9 cps, respectively. ...
Liu Wuxing - - 2006
The extraction of K(+) and SiO(2 )from silicate minerals by Bacillus mucilaginosus in liquid culture was studied in incubation experiments. B. mucilaginosus was found to dissolve soil minerals and mica and simultaneously release K(+) and SiO(2) from the crystal lattices. In contrast, the bacterium did not dissolve feldspar. B. mucilaginosus ...
Leone Serena - - 2006
The structure of the core oligosaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide from an organic solvent tolerant Gram-negative bacterium, Acinetobacter radioresistens S13, was investigated by chemical analysis, NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. All the experiments were performed on the oligosaccharides obtained either by alkaline degradation or mild acid hydrolysis. The data showed ...
Urai Makoto - - 2006
Rhodococcus sp. 33 can tolerate and efficiently degrade various concentrations of benzene, one of the most toxic and prevailing environmental pollutants. This strain produces a large quantity of extracellular polysaccharide (33 EPS), which plays an important role in the benzene tolerance in Rhodococcus sp. 33, especially by helping the cells ...
Rättö M - - 2006
In this study, polysaccharide-producing bacteria were isolated from slimes collected from two Finnish and one Spanish paper mill and the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced by 18 isolates were characterised. Most of the isolates, selected on the bases of slimy colony morphology, were members of the family Enterobacteriaceae most frequently belonging to ...
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