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Results 251 - 300 of 1907
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Lukasiewicz Jolanta - - 2006
Plesiomonas shigelloides is a Gram-negative bacterium associated with waterborne infections, which is common in tropical and subtropical habitats. Contrary to the unified antigenic classification of P. shigelloides, data concerning the structure and activity of their lipopolysaccharides (LPS and endotoxin) are limited. This study completes the structural investigation of phenol- and ...
MacLean Leann L - - 2006
The structure of the antigenic O-polysaccharide (O-PS) of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) produced by the enterohemorrhagic strain of Escherichia coli O48:H21 (EHEC) has been elucidated. The O-PS obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of the LPS had [alpha]D +95 (water) and was composed of L-rhamnose (L-Rha), D-galactose (D-Gal), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose (D-GlcN), 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-galactose (D-GalN), ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2007
The O-polysaccharide chain of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Providencia stuartii O20 was found to contain d-glucuronic acid, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, and a rarely occurring higher sugar 5,7-diacetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-l-glycero-d-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid (di-N-acetyl-8-epilegionaminic acid, 8eLeg5Ac7Ac). Degradation of the LPS with dilute acetic acid caused depolymerization of the polysaccharide chain by the ketosidic linkage to give a ...
Bunzel Mirko - - 2006
Two new dehydrotriferulic acids and two dehydrotetraferulic acids were isolated from saponified maize bran insoluble fiber using size exclusion chromatography on Bio-Beads S-X3 followed by Sephadex LH-20 chromatography and semipreparative phenyl-hexyl reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography. On the basis of UV spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments, ...
Remminghorst Uwe - - 2006
Alginate is a polysaccharide belonging to the family of linear (unbranched), non-repeating copolymers, consisting of variable amounts of beta-D-mannuronic acid and its C5-epimer alpha- L-guluronic acid linked via beta-1,4-glycosidic bonds. Like DNA, alginate is a negatively charged polymer, imparting material properties ranging from viscous solutions to gel-like structures in the ...
Jiang Yan-Hua - - 2008
The water-soluble intra-polysaccharides WIPS1 and water-soluble extra-polysaccharides WEPS1 were isolated from Isaria farinosa B05 through ethanol precipitation and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Their characteristics were determined by chemical analysis, gas chromatography, GPC and IR spectroscopy. The results show that WIPS1 contained 90.3% carbohydrate, 8.00% uronic acid, 7.15% protein and three ...
Meychik N R - - 2006
The composition of ionogenic groups and ion-exchange capacity were studied in the polymeric matrix of cell walls isolated from the pollen grain and tissues of vegetative organs (leaves and stems) of Lilium longiflorum Thunb. The ion-exchange capacity was evaluated at different pH values and ionic strength of 100 mM. In ...
Snyder David Scott - - 2006
Salmonella enteritidis is a food-borne enteric human pathogen that can form a complex protective extracellular matrix. We describe here a component of this matrix which is distinct from other known salmonella extracellular polysaccharides such as cellulose and colanic acid. We have used glycosyl composition and linkage analysis, as well as ...
McNally David J - - 2006
A recent study that examined multiple strains of Campylobacter jejuni reported that HS:19, a serostrain that has been associated with the onset of Guillain-Barré syndrome, had unidentified labile, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) structures. In this study, we expand on this observation by using current glyco-analytical technologies to characterize these unknown groups. ...
Wu Yalin - - 2006
An alkali-extractable polysaccharide (1) was isolated from the seeds of Retama raetam ssp. gussonei. Its composition and linkage determination have been investigated using component analysis, methylation analysis, hydrolysis studies, and NMR spectroscopic analysis. This was shown to contain d-xylose, d-glucose, and 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid in a molar ratio of 7:2:1 and ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2006
A teichoic acid-like O-polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Escherichia coli O29. The O-polysaccharide and an oligosaccharide obtained by dephosphorylation of the O-polysaccharide were studied by sugar analysis along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The following structure of the branched oligosaccharide repeating unit, ...
Schatz Paul F - - 2006
A new product implicated in cereal grain polysaccharide cross-linking has been authenticated by independent synthesis. Saponification of cereal grain fiber releases the RRRS/SSSR-isomer of 2,5-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-tetrahydrofuran-3,4-dicarboxylic acid. The parent ester logically derives from 8-8-coupling of ferulate followed by water addition to one of the incipient quinone methide moieties and internal trapping ...
Xu F - - 2006
Sequential three-stage treatments with 80% EtOH containing 0.2% NaOH, 2.5% H2O2-0.2% EDTA containing 1.5% NaOH and 2.5% H2O2-0.2% TAED containing 1.0% NaOH at 75 degrees C for 3h released 8.0% and 10.4%, 79.1% and 77.0% and 12.9% and 12.5% of the original hemicelluloses from perennial grass and cocksfoot grass, respectively. ...
Bhavsar Amit P - - 2006
Although the bacterial cell wall has been the subject of decades of investigation, recent studies continue to generate novel and controversial models of its synthesis and assembly. Here we compare and contrast the transcompartmental biosyntheses of peptidoglycan and teichoic acid in Bacillus subtilis. In addition, the current paradigms of B. ...
Hindrichsen I K - - 2006
Hemicelluloses, cellulose, and lignin contents of contrasting feeds, with emphasis on concentrate ingredients and complete concentrates, were analyzed using the Van Soest detergent procedure (analyzing neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, and acid detergent lignin) and the enzymatic-chemical procedure (analyzing cellulose, soluble and insoluble noncellulosic polysaccharides, and Klason lignin). Also, ...
Oka Takuji - - 2006
UDP-D-glucuronic acid and UDP-D-xylose are required for the biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycan in mammals and of cell wall polysaccharides in plants. Given the importance of these glycans to some organisms, the development of a system for production of UDP-D-glucuronic acid and UDP-D-xylose from a common precursor could prove useful for a ...
D'Elia Michael A - - 2006
An extensive study of teichoic acid biosynthesis in the model organism Bacillus subtilis has established teichoic acid polymers as essential components of the gram-positive cell wall. However, similar studies pertaining to therapeutically relevant organisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus, are scarce. In this study we have carried out a meticulous examination ...
Kives Juliana - - 2006
The polysaccharides associated with free (planktonic) and surface-attached (biofilm) cells from cultures of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain B52 were compared. Variations in the attached matrix due to surface material (glass or stainless steel) were also analyzed. Two digestion methods were used to optimize the recoveries of sugars, uronic acids and acidic ...
Urai Makoto - - 2006
A possibility has been suggested of applying the EPS produced by Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain S-2 (S-2 EPS) to the bioremediation of oil-contaminated environments, because its addition, together with minerals, to oil-contaminated seawater resulted in emulsification of the oil, increased the degradation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of the oil, and led ...
Lee Ji-Hye - - 2006
Previous studies have revealed the inhibitory effects of an acidic polysaccharide purified from the root of Panax ginseng against the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to gastric epithelial cells and the ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis to agglutinate erythrocytes. In this study, this acidic polysaccharide from P. ginseng, PG-F2, was investigated further, ...
Canaán-Haden Leonardo - - 2006
A methods using high-performance reverse phase (RP) chromatography with fluorescence detection, has been developed to determine the composition and identity of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharide used in formulating conjugate vaccine for prevention of pneumococcal infection. For the monosaccharide composition, the polysaccharides were subjected to hydrofluoric acid (HF) hydrolysis followed by ...
Herbert Ben R - - 2006
2-DE separations of protein extracts sometimes have problems with poor resolution and streaking. This problem is particularly apparent with microorganisms, most notably those with a large cell wall. Here we describe a novel, rapid protocol for the extraction of microorganisms in acidic conditions, leading to increased resolution and 2-D gel ...
Soddell Jacques A - - 2006
The taxonomic position of two mycolic-acid-producing actinomycetes, isolates J81T and J82, which were recovered from activated sludge foam, was clarified. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies indicated that the organisms formed a distinct lineage within the Corynebacterineae 16S rRNA gene tree. The taxonomic integrity of this group was underpinned by ...
Zheng Y - - 2006
Two new acidic polysaccharides, F4 and F5, were isolated from the flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium. Monosaccharide analysis indicated that F4 contained arabinose, galactose and galacturonic acid units in a molar ratio of 1.0:2.3:6.8 and F5 contained arabinose, rhamnose galactose and galacturonic acid units in a molar ratio of 1.0:3.2:1.0:4.3. The ...
Blundell Charles D - - 2006
Hyaluronan oligosaccharides display physiological activities not associated with the polymer and are widely used to characterize hyaluronan-binding proteins. They can also be used as biocompatible starting blocks for chemical derivatization. Here we present methods for generating milligram quantities of unusual odd- and even-numbered oligosaccharides, greatly increasing the diversity of reagents ...
Petersen Fernanda C - - 2006
Bacteria grow preferentially attached to surfaces embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix to form biofilms. In this mode of growth, bacteria often show reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combination of NaF and the detergent sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) could result in additive ...
Laus Marc C - - 2006
Rhizobium bacteria produce different surface polysaccharides which are either secreted in the growth medium or contribute to a capsule surrounding the cell. Here, we describe isolation and partial characterization of a novel high molecular weight surface polysaccharide from a strain of Rhizobium leguminosarum that nodulates Pisum sativum (pea) and Vicia ...
Ginsberg Cynthia - - 2006
Wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are anionic polymers that decorate the cell walls of many gram-positive bacteria. These structures are essential for survival or virulence in many organisms, which makes the enzymes involved in their biosynthesis attractive targets for the development of new antibacterial agents. We present a strategy to obtain ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2006
The O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O30. Studies by sugar and methylation analyses along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional (1)H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, and H-detected (1)H,(13)C HSQC, HMBC, and HMQC-TOCSY experiments, showed that the polysaccharide has a linear pentasaccharide ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2006
Structures of the anionic polymers of streptomycetes Streptomyces fulvissimus VKM Ac-994(T), Streptomyces longispororuber VKM Ac-1735(T), Streptomyces aureoveticillatus VKM Ac-48(T) and Streptomyces spectabilis INA 00606 belonging to the phenetic cluster 'S. fulvissimus' were investigated by chemical and NMR spectroscopic methods. A teichoic acid from the cell wall of S. spectabilis INA ...
Vinogradov Evgueny - - 2006
Extracellular teichoic acid, an essential constituent of the biofilm produced by Staphylococcus epidermidis strain RP62A, is also an important constituent of the extracellular matrix of another biofilm producing strain, Staphylococcus aureus MN8m. The structure of the extracellular and cell wall teichoic acids of the latter strain was studied by NMR ...
Cui F J - - 2007
A 21-kDa heteropolysaccharide, coded as GFPS1b, was obtained from the cultured mycelia of Grifola frondosa GF9801 by hot-water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and fractioned by DEAE Sepharose Fast-flow, followed by the purification with Sephadex G-100 column chromatography using an AKTA purifier. It exhibited more potent anti-proliferative activity on MCF-7 cells than ...
Kim Lin-Su - - 2006
A novel polyglucosamine polymer, PGB-2, was produced extracellularly from a new strain Citrobacter sp. BL-4 using pH-stat fed batch cultivation. It was composed of 97.3% glucosamine and 2.7% rhamnose; its average molecular weight, solubility in 2% acetic acid and viscosity were 20 kDa, 5 g l(-1) and 2.9 cps, respectively. ...
Liu Wuxing - - 2006
The extraction of K(+) and SiO(2 )from silicate minerals by Bacillus mucilaginosus in liquid culture was studied in incubation experiments. B. mucilaginosus was found to dissolve soil minerals and mica and simultaneously release K(+) and SiO(2) from the crystal lattices. In contrast, the bacterium did not dissolve feldspar. B. mucilaginosus ...
Leone Serena - - 2006
The structure of the core oligosaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide from an organic solvent tolerant Gram-negative bacterium, Acinetobacter radioresistens S13, was investigated by chemical analysis, NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. All the experiments were performed on the oligosaccharides obtained either by alkaline degradation or mild acid hydrolysis. The data showed ...
Urai Makoto - - 2006
Rhodococcus sp. 33 can tolerate and efficiently degrade various concentrations of benzene, one of the most toxic and prevailing environmental pollutants. This strain produces a large quantity of extracellular polysaccharide (33 EPS), which plays an important role in the benzene tolerance in Rhodococcus sp. 33, especially by helping the cells ...
Rättö M - - 2006
In this study, polysaccharide-producing bacteria were isolated from slimes collected from two Finnish and one Spanish paper mill and the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) produced by 18 isolates were characterised. Most of the isolates, selected on the bases of slimy colony morphology, were members of the family Enterobacteriaceae most frequently belonging to ...
Jain Sulakshana - - 2006
Alginate is a polysaccharide that is a block polymer consisting of block units of guluronic acid and mannuronic acid. It shows inherent biological affinity for a variety of enzymes such as pectinase, lipase, phospholipase D, a and ss amylases and glucoamylase. Taking advantage of its precipitation with Ca2+ and the ...
Zakir Hossain A K M - - 2006
The present study was conducted to investigate the cell wall properties in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in their sensitivity to Al stress. Seedlings of Al-resistant, Inia66 and Al-sensitive, Kalyansona cultivars were grown in complete nutrient solutions for 4 days and then subjected to treatment solutions containing Al ...
Miyazaki Kohji - - 2005
Experiments were done to define the nature of the xylan-derived induction signal for xylanase activity, and evaluate which xylanase genes among the three known ones (xynA, xynB and xynC) are induced by the presence of xylan in Prevotella bryantii B(1)4. During the later stages of exponential growth on glucose, addition ...
Wu X-M - - 2005
Three unique polysaccharides (1-3) have been obtained from the 0.5 M NaOH extract of the stem of Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma. The results of methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, 13C, 1H NMR, 1H-1H COSY, HMQC and HMBC spectroscopic analyses indicate that they are all composed of glucose, having a ...
Huang Gang-Liang - - 2005
Fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) is a straightforward, sensitive method for determining the presence and relative abundance of individual (oligo)saccharides in a(n) (oligo)saccharide mixture. The single-terminal aldehydes of oligoglucoside residues released by acid hydrolysis of beta-1,3-D-glucan from yeast were tagged with the charged fluorophore ANTS (8-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6-trisulphonate), and separated with high resolution ...
Cyran Malgorzata R - - 2005
Recent studies have indicated that some structural features of arabinoxylans, the major cell wall polysaccharides, might be potential quality markers in the selection of rye breeding materials. To specify the most appropriate characteristics, the differences in the structure of cell wall components were studied in two ryes with high and ...
Soliman Nadia A - - 2005
A locally isolated thermostable Bacillus strain producing polyglutamic acid (PGA) was characterized and identified based on 16S rRNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed its closeness to Bacillus licheniformis. To evaluate the effect of different culture conditions on the production of PGA, Plackett-Burman factorial design was carried out. Fifteen variables were examined ...
Wei Chunfang - - 2006
We investigated the effects of acid conditions on the extensibility of isolated wall segments from growing Chara corallina cells, providing the first detailed multi-azimuthal description of the anisotropic elastic modulus of the walls. The values of anisotropic modulus were obtained by loading a tensile force on wall ribbons excised from ...
Zhong Ruiqin - - 2005
Secondary walls in vessels and fibers of dicotyledonous plants are mainly composed of cellulose, xylan, and lignin. Although genes involved in biosynthesis of cellulose and lignin have been intensively studied, little is known about genes participating in xylan synthesis. We found that Arabidopsis thaliana fragile fiber8 (fra8) is defective in ...
Franke Rochus - - 2005
Cutinized and suberized cell walls form physiological important plant-environment interfaces as they act as barriers limiting water and nutrient loss and protect from radiation and invasion by pathogens. Due to the lack of protocols for the isolation and analysis of cutin and suberin in Arabidopsis, the model plant for molecular ...
Boh B - - 2005
Three higher hydrocarbon phase change materials (PCMs) with melting points of 25, 40 and 50 degrees C were microencapsulated by in situ polymerization of amino-aldehyde resins. Trimethylolmelamine (TMM) and hexamethoxymethylolmelamine (HMMM) were studied as amino-aldehyde pre-polymers for microcapsule wall formation, in combination with emulsifying/modifying agents based on styrene-malein anhydride copolymers ...
Kishore Kankipati Hara - - 2005
Alternaria tenuissima, the parasitic fungus, was obtained from the pruned upper-cut surfaces of mulberry stems. This fungus contains dark pigment because of the presence of melanin in the cell wall. To obtain less-pigmented cell walls, this fungus was grown under dark condition. When the pigmented and less-pigmented cell walls were ...
Jones Nigel A - - 2005
Described herein is the synthesis of 3-C-carboxy-5-deoxy-L-xylose (aceric acid), a rare branched-chain sugar found in the complex pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-II. The key synthetic step in the construction of aceric acid was the stereoselective addition of 2-trimethylsilyl thiazole to 5-deoxy-1,2-O-isopropylidene-alpha-L-erythro-pentofuran-3-ulose (2), which was prepared from L-xylose. The thiazole group was efficiently ...
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