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Jonker Renate - - 2012
In a variety of chronic and acute disease states, alterations in protein synthesis, breakdown and protein turnover rates occur that are related to the loss of body protein and skeletal muscle wasting. A key observation is the stimulation of protein breakdown in muscle and the stimulation of protein synthesis in ...
Kumar Pradeep - - 2012
An efficient high yielding improved method for the enantio- and diastereoselective cyclopropanation of chiral epoxides using triethylphosphonoacetate and base (Wadsworth-Emmons cyclopropanation) is reported. The utility of this protocol is illustrated by concise and practical synthesis of cascarillic acid, grenadamide and L-(-)-CCG-II, a cyclopropane containing natural products.
Wesson Donald E - - 2012
Patients with a moderately reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) typically have no metabolic acidosis and a urine net acid excretion comparable to those with normal GFR, supporting greater per nephron acidification with moderately reduced GFR. We modeled such patients using rats with a surgical reduction of 2/3 kidney mass, yielding ...
Lönnberg Tuomas - - 2012
The general acid/base catalyzed cleavage of a number of alkyl esters of uridine-3'- (and -5'-)phosphate has been studied by utilizing a cleaving agent, in which the catalytic moiety (a substituted 1,3,5-triazine) is tethered to an anchoring Zn(II):cyclen moiety. Around pH 7, formation of a strong ternary complex between uracil, Zn(II) ...
Wang Zhan-Yong - - 2012
A well-defined NHC-Pd(II)-Im complex 1 was found to be an effective catalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of aryl sulfonates including tosylates, phenylsulfonates with arylboronic acids, giving the desired coupling products in good to high yields. Acceptable yields can also be achieved even by using the less reactive mesylates as the ...
Henry-Okafor Queen - - 2012
We evaluated the association of plasma uric acid alone and in combination with b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) for emergency department (ED) diagnosis and 30-day prognosis in patients evaluated for acute heart failure (AHF). We prospectively enrolled 322 adult ED patients with suspected AHF. Wilcoxon rank sum test, multivariable logistic regression ...
Kuruuzum-Uz Ayse - - 2012
This study investigated the anti-inflammatory and antiulcer activities of different extracts from the aerial parts and the roots of Anchusa azurea Miller var. azurea (Boraginaceae), as well as their major constituent, rosmarinic acid. The extracts were water (AWa, RWa) and methanol (AMe, RMe) extracts prepared from the aerial parts and ...
Nguyen Thanh Binh - - 2012
A novel method of transamidation of carboxamides with amines using catalytic amounts of readily available boric acid under solvent-free conditions has been developed. The scope of the methodology has been demonstrated with (i) primary, secondary, and tertiary amides and phthalimide and (ii) aliphatic, aromatic, cyclic, acyclic, primary, and secondary amines.
Santos Rodrigo L S R - - 2012
The known paddlewheel, tetrakis(acetato)chloridodiruthenium(II,III), offers a versatile synthetic route to a novel class of antitumor diruthenium(II,III) metallo drugs, where the equatorial ligands are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory carboxylates. This complex was studied here as a soluble starting prototype model for antitumor analogues to elucidate the reactivity of the [Ru(2)(CH(3)COO)(4)](+) framework. Thermodynamic studies ...
Hibi Makoto - - 2012
L: -Leucine 5-hydroxylase (LdoA) previously found in Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102 is a novel type of Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase. LdoA catalyzed regio- and stereoselective hydroxylation of L: -leucine and L: -norleucine into (2S,4S)-5-hydroxyleucine and (2S)-5-hydroxynorleucine, respectively. Moreover, LdoA catalyzed sulfoxidation of L: -methionine and L: -ethionine in the same manner as ...
Zhang Tao - - 2012
Soil washing is one of the few permanent treatment alternatives for removing metal contaminants. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and its salts (EDTA) is very effective at removing cationic metals and has been utilized globally. However it is ineffective for anionic metal contaminants or metals bound to soil organic matter. The simultaneous removal ...
Guo Boying - - 2012
Acid Showdown! The first catalytic ring expansion of vinyl oxetanes to 3,6-dihydro-2H-pyrans is described. Copper(II) triflate emerged as the best catalyst for this new transformation, which has broad scope as demonstrated by the eighteen examples included. The symmetric vinyl oxetane substrate can be asymmetrically desymmetrized when using either chiral Lewis ...
Wang Huifeng - - 2012
A new and efficient method for palladium (II) catalytic desulfitative conjugate addition of arylsulfinic acids with α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound has been developed. The key reacting intermediates including aryl Pd(II) sulfinic intermediate, aryl Pd(II) and C=O-Pd complexes were captured by ESI-MS/MS, which provide new experimental evidences for the understanding of addition ...
Hu Peng - - 2012
Acid to acid: A general method has been developed for the synthesis of biaryl compounds through a decarboxylative cross-coupling reaction between two different (hetero)aryl carboxylic acids. The use of a Pd(II) /PCy(3) catalyst enables the cross-coupling reaction of electronically different or electronically similar aryl carboxylic acids. This method is compatible ...
Gültekin Aytaç - - 2012
Molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) as a recognition element for sensors are increasingly of interest and MIP-nanoparticles have started to appear in the literature. In this study, we have proposed a novel thiol ligand-capping method with polymerizable methacryloylamido-cysteine (MAC) attached to gold-silver-nanoclusters reminiscent of a self-assembled monolayer and have reconstructed surface ...
Tanaka Muhei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Under- and overnutrition are associated with a worse prognosis and constitute independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality. It is increasingly important to understand the factors that affect nutritional and metabolic statuses. The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between the pepsinogen I/II ratio and several ...
Omidvar Bita - - 2012
The role of uric acid as a prognostic factor in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction is controversial. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between serum uric acid level and mortality during admission period and 30-day period after admission. We assessed the relation between serum ...
García Gonzalo - - 2012
We report new examples of a series of losartan-hydrocaffeic hybrids that bear novel ester, amide and amine linkers. These compounds were made by linking hydrocaffeic acid to the side chain of losartan at the C-5 position of the imidazole ring through different strategies. Experiments performed in cultured cells demonstrate that ...
do Vale Ademir E - - 2012
This work reports isolation of an unusual lignan with a bicyclic [2.2.2] octene skeleton, named rufescenolide (1), from stems of Cordia rufescens, along with β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, syringaldehyde, 3-β-O-d-glucopyranosyl-sitosterol, methyl caffeate, 4-methoxy-protocatechuic acid and methyl rosmarinate. Structural characterizations employed IR spectroscopic, ESIHRMS and mono and dimensional NMR spectroscopy.
Roongpisuthipong Wanjarus - - 2012
A 32-year-old man was diagnosed with lymphoma and underwent Billroth's II operation because of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Although the patient received fat regimen total parenteral nutrition (TPN), the patient developed typical skin rash of essential fatty acid deficiency after 2 weeks of starting TPN. The diagnosis was confirmed by biochemical ...
Haron Md Jelas - - 2012
Fatty hydroxamic acids derivatives based on palm kernel oil which are phenyl fatty hydroxamic acids (PFHAs), methyl fatty hydroxamic acids (MFHAs), isopropyl fatty hydroxamic acids (IPFHAs) and benzyl fatty hydroxamic acids (BFHAs) were applied as chelating agent for copper liquid-liquid extraction. The extraction of copper from aqueous solution by MFHAs, ...
Claure-Del Granado Rolando - - 2012
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with electrolyte and acid-base disturbances such as hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. The initiation of dialysis in AKI can efficiently treat these complications. The choice of dialysis modality can be made based on their operational characteristics to tailor the therapy according to the ...
Haron Md Jelas - - 2012
Liquid-liquid iron(III) extraction was investigated using benzyl fatty hydroxamic acids (BFHAs) and methyl fatty hydroxamic acids (MFHAs) as chelating agents through the formation of iron(III) methyl fatty hydroxamate (Fe-MFHs) or iron(III) benzyl fatty hydroxamate (Fe-BFHs) in the organic phase. The results obtained under optimized conditions, showed that the chelating agents ...
Bassi Sarah Cristina - - 2012
Acute promyelocytic leukemia is characterized by gene rearrangements that always involve the retinoic acid receptor alpha on chromosome 15. In the majority of patients t(15;17) is detected, which generates the promyelocytic leukemia gene/retinoic acid receptor alpha rearrangement. This rearrangement interacts with several proteins, including the native promyelocytic leukemia gene, thus ...
Boukeloua A - - 2012
Opuntia ficus indica and Pistacia lentiscus L. seeds are used in traditional medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity of the fixed oil of Opuntia ficus indica and Pistacia lentiscus L. seeds in mice through determination of LD50 values, and also the physicochemical characteristics of the ...
Hiranrat A - - 2011
A new flavellagic acid derivative, 3,3',4,4'-tetra-O-methylflavellagic acid and six known compounds were isolated from the stems of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa while a new phloroglucinol, named rhodomyrtosone I, and six known compounds were isolated from the fruit. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses as well as by comparisons with related compounds.
Koeberle Andreas - - 2011
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) accumulate in mammalian testis during puberty and are essential for fertility. To investigate whether lysophospholipid acyltransferases determine the PUFA composition of testicular phospholipids during pubertal development, we compared their mRNA expression, in vitro activity, and specificity with the lipidomic profile of major phospholipids. The accumulation ...
Li Shan-Shan - - 2011
A new diterpene, named yucalexin P-23 (1), together with three known compounds, yucalexin P-15 (2), protocatechuic acid (3), and catalpinic acid (4), was isolated from the stems of Manihot esculenta. Their structures were determined by means of physicochemical evidence and spectral analysis. Compounds 3 and 4 exhibited antimicrobial activity.
Parveen Ifat - - 2011
Miscanthus×giganteus is a source of platform chemicals and bioethanol through fermentation. Cinnamates in leaves and stems were analysed by LC-ESI-MS(n). Free phenols were extracted and separated chromatographically. More than 20 hydroxycinnamates were identified by UV and LC-ESI-MS(n). Comparative LC-MS studies on the leaf extract showed isomers of O-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA, ...
Konorov Stanislav O - - 2011
Measuring spatial and temporal patterns of cytochemical variation in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) colonies is necessary for understanding the role of cellular communication in spontaneous differentiation, the mechanisms of biological niche creation, and structure-generating developmental processes. Such insights will ultimately facilitate directed differentiation and therewith promote advances in tissue ...
Hunt Eric A - - 2011
Here, we report the first bioluminescent stem-loop probe, which is 50 times more sensitive and able to achieve a LOD 25 times lower than fluorescent stem-loop probes. Chemical generation of a signal from Renilla luciferase reduces background noise for improved quantitative utility in nucleic acid biomarker detection.
Nieves I U - - 2011
Microaeration (injecting air into the headspace) improved the fermentation of hemicellulose hydrolysates obtained from the phosphoric acid pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse at 170°C for 10min. In addition, with 10% slurries of phosphoric acid pretreated bagasse (180°C, 10min), air injection into the headspace promoted xylose utilization and increased ethanol yields from ...
Muratsubaki Haruhiro - - 2011
The effect of acute hypoxic hypoxia on the profile of plasma amino acids in rats was studied and compared to that resulting from acute liver injury induced by giving carbon tetrachloride. In hypoxic rats exposed to 45% air in N(2) for 5 h, the concentrations of branched chain amino acids, including ...
Viji Vijayan - - 2011
Betulinic acid (BA) is a naturally occurring triterpenoid widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom. We previously reported that BA inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin-6 production through modulation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMCs). This study attempted to identify other mechanisms through which BA modulates LPS ...
Kirschman Lindsay T - - 2011
Clinical evidence implicates peripheral inflammatory diseases as comorbid factors in epilepsy. The present study was designed to determine the effect of the acute phase of antiviral response on seizure susceptibility. Young adult mice were intraperitoneally injected with 12 mg/kg of a viral mimic, polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (PIC). After 48 h, seizures were induced ...
Ahn H K - - 2011
The biodegradability of three types of bioplastic pots was evaluated by measuring carbon dioxide produced from lab-scale compost reactors containing mixtures of pot fragments and compost inoculum held at 58°C for 60days. Biodegradability of pot type A (composed of 100% polylactic acid (PLA)) was very low (13±3%) compared to literature ...
Wang Jiang - - 2011
Nonproteinogenic α- or β-amino acids have attracted tremendous attention, as they are widely utilized for biological, biochemical, pharmaceutical, and asymmetric chemical investigations. Recently, we developed a series of new strategies for preparing achiral and chiral nickel(ii) complexes for the synthesis of amino acids. We applied these new methods utilizing chiral ...
Maharjan Anu S - - 2011
Following tissue injury, monocytes can enter the tissue and differentiate into fibroblast-like cells called fibrocytes, but little is known about what regulates this differentiation. Extracellular matrix contains high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HMWHA; ∼2×10(6) Da). During injury, HMWHA breaks down to low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (LMWHA; ∼0.8-8×10(5) Da). In ...
Seviour Thomas - - 2010
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques were used to elucidate the structure of an exopolysaccharide material previously revealed to be important in formation of aerobic granules. The 1D NMR spectral data acquired showed that this gel-forming polysaccharide was a major component of granular EPS, while 1D and 2D NMR spectra showed ...
Brown Stephanie - - 2010
Wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are anionic polymers that play key roles in bacterial cell shape, cell division, envelope integrity, biofilm formation, and pathogenesis. B. subtilis W23 and S. aureus both make polyribitol-phosphate (RboP) WTAs and contain similar sets of biosynthetic genes. We use in vitro reconstitution combined with genetics to show ...
Jin Yanqiao - - 2011
Enzymatic hydrolysis lignin (EHL), isolated from the enzymatic hydrolysis residues of the biomass, was liquefied using the mixed solvents of polyethyleneglycol (PEG) and glycerol at the temperature of 130-170°C with sulfuric acid as a catalyst. The influences of liquefaction parameters, such as the molecular weight of PEG, mass ratio of ...
Atilano Magda L - - 2010
The cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus is characterized by an extremely high degree of cross-linking within its peptidoglycan (PGN). Penicillin-binding protein 4 (PBP4) is required for the synthesis of this highly cross-linked peptidoglycan. We found that wall teichoic acids, glycopolymers attached to the peptidoglycan and important for virulence in Gram-positive ...
Yang Fengli - - 2011
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was produced from monosaccharide (fructose and glucose), polysaccharide (inulin) and the Jerusalem artichoke juice by a simple one-pot reaction including hydrolysis and dehydration using solid acid under mild condition. Hydrated niobium pentoxide (Nb(2)O(5)·nH(2)O(2)) after pretreatment showed high catalytic activities for dehydration of mono- and polysaccharide to HMF at ...
Zhang Jun - - 2011
Lipovitellin (Lv), a glycolipoprotein, is a major component of the egg yolk, which is usually regarded as an energy reserve of nutrients essential for growth and development. We have purified Lv from ovulated eggs of the rosy barb Puntius conchonius by two-step chromatography and characterized it by staining with periodic ...
Sun Xiao-Feng - - 2010
Extraction and characterisation of hemicelluloses are very important for converting them into functional materials and chemicals. To develop a method for isolation of hemicelluloses from all cell walls. Sequential steps using 90% dioxane, 80% acidic dioxane, 100% dimethyl sulphoxide and 8% NaOH were used for extraction of the hemicellulosic preparations ...
Kratchanova Maria - - 2010
Leek (Allium porrum) is very commonly used vegetable in Bulgaria and is distinctive with high content of bioactive components1. Previously2 we obtained five crude pectic polysaccharides from leek through consecutive extraction. Some of them appeared to be good stimulators of the immune system. Schols and Voragen3 investigated the composition of ...
Dobberstein Diane - - 2010
Cross-links between plant cell wall polymers negatively impact forage digestibility. Hydroxycinnamates and their oligomers act as cross-links between polysaccharides and/or polysaccharides and lignin. Higher ferulate oligomers such as dehydrotrimers were identified in cereal grains but not in vegetative organs of grasses. The aim of this study was to characterize ester-linked ...
Garron Marie-Line - - 2010
Polysaccharide lyases (PLs) have been assigned to 21 families based on their sequences, with ~ 50 singletons awaiting further classification. For 19 of these families, the structure of at least one protein is known. In this review, we have analyzed the available structural information and show that presently known PL families ...
Xiao Zhongping - - 2011
Porcine intestinal mucosa heparin was partially depolymerized by recombinant heparinase 1 (heparin lyase 1, originating from Flavobacterium heparinum and expressed in Escherichia coli) and then fractionated, leading to the isolation of 22 homogeneous oligosaccharides with sizes ranging from disaccharide to hexadecasaccharide. The purity of these oligosaccharides was determined by gel ...
Fabón Gabriel - - 2010
We examined the responses of ultraviolet-absorbing compounds (UVAC) to enhanced UV-B radiation in the aquatic liverwort Jungermannia exsertifolia subsp. cordifolia for 31 days under laboratory conditions. Samples were exposed to three radiation regimes: P (only photosynthetic radiation), PA (photosynthetic + UV-A radiation) and PAB (photosynthetic + UV-A + UV-B radiation). ...
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