Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1921
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Gutmann L - - 1996
Induction of vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus faecium D366, which exhibits a VanB-type resistance, as well as its constitutive expression in MT9, a derivative of D366, was associated with penicillin tolerance as shown by decreased lysis and killing of the cells. This phenomenon was linked neither to decreased expression of the ...
Schipper D - - 1995
Three teichoic acids have been isolated from Bacillus licheniformis. Their structures were found to be 1,3 poly(glycerolphosphate), -->3)-alpha-D-Gal p-(1-->1)-L-glycerol- (3-->phosphate, and -->3)-[beta-D-Glc p-(1-->2)]-alpha-D-Gal p-(1-->1)-L-glycerol- (3-->phosphate. Without separating the individual teichoic acids, and despite their high molecular weight, these polysaccharides could be identified by modern NMR techniques alone.
Knirel Y A - - 1995
Mild hydrazinolysis of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain ATCC 49271 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) followed by strong alkaline degradation and purification by anion-exchange HPLC resulted in two phosphorylated oligosaccharides (1 and 2). On the basis of compositional analysis and 1H, 13C, and 31P NMR spectroscopy, including 2D correlation spectroscopy (COSY), 2D rotating frame NOE ...
L'vov V L - - 1995
An acidic, partially O-acetylated O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of Shigella boydii type 5 lipopolysaccharide and studied by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, 13C-1H heteronuclear COSY, 1D NOE, and 2D ROESY experiments, and chemical methods (sugar and methylation analysis, O-deacetylation, carboxyl reduction, solvolysis with ...
Rechia C G - - 1995
The seeds of Senna multijuga were extracted with water or 1% acetic acid and treated with ethanol, resulting in two insoluble fractions. After purification, the major one (FIA, 23%) was shown to be a galactomannan (Man:Gal 2.3:1; [alpha] = +54.6; [eta] = 1340 ml g-1). It consists of a main ...
Ishii T - - 1995
The biological activity of cell wall-derived feruloyl oligosaccharides was investigated using a modified micro-drop bioassay. A feruloyl arabinoxylan trisaccharide (FAXX) and a feruloyl arabinoxylan tetrasaccharide (FAXXX) were found to inhibit the gibberellin-induced elongation of dwarf rice (Oryza sativa L., cv, Tan-ginbozu) that had been treated with uniconazole (S-3307), an inhibitor ...
Pellerin P - - 1995
Five arabinogalactan-protein conjugates (AGP) were separated from red wine by two successive anion-exchange chromatography steps and further purified to apparent homogeneity by affinity and size-exclusion chromatography. Together they represent more than 40% of total wine polysaccharides, confirming the abundance of AGPs in red wine. The five purified fractions had a ...
De Lucca A J - - 1995
Cecropin A (CA), a bioactive peptide, produced significant lethality to Pantoea agglomerans (PA) at low concentrations. Significant mortality occurred immediately after addition of CA. Separate preincubations of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from the following bacteria: PA, Serratia marcescens, Escherichia coli (EC), and Salmonella typhimurium with CA were performed prior to the bioassay. ...
Robijn G W - - 1995
The exopolysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus helveticus 766 in skimmed milk was found to be composed of D-glucose and D-galactose in a molar ratio of 2:1. Linkage analysis and 1D/2D NMR studies (1H and 13C) performed on the native polysaccharide, and on oligosaccharides obtained from a partial acid hydrolysate, showed the ...
Schiller J - - 1995
The action of sodium hypochlorite on pig articular cartilage was studied by 1H-NMR spectroscopy to model some aspects of degradation processes of cartilage during rheumatoid arthritis. Two effects of NaOCl on cartilage polysaccharides have been observed. Hypochlorous acid causes an enhanced release of oligomeric polysaccharides from cartilage. The second effect ...
Rau H - - 1995
The structural elucidation of lipid A of the cell wall lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Rhodospirillum salinarum 40 by chemical methods and laser desorption mass spectrometry revealed the presence of a mixed lipid A composed of three different 1,4'bisphosphorylated beta (1 --> 6)-linked backbone hexosaminyl-hexosamine disaccharides, i.e. those composed of GlcN --> ...
Tuffal G - - 1995
The structures of methylglucose-containing polysaccharides (MeGlc PS) from Mycobacterium xenopi were investigated using high-pH anion-exchange chromatography and liquid secondary-ion mass spectrometry. We report the structure of two novel MeGlc PS, referred to as A and B. MeGlc PS A is composed of 16 D-glucopyranose residues, 11 of which are methylated, ...
Nagaoka M - - 1995
The major fraction of rhamnogalactan was isolated from the cell wall of Bifidobacterium longum YIT4028 by treatment with N-acetylmuramidase. This polysaccharide was composed of rhamnose and galactose in a molar ratio of about 2:3. The 13C NMR spectrum indicated that it contained a pentasaccharides repeating unit. This observation, and the ...
Shashkov A S - - 1995
On the basis of NMR studies and analysis of the products of acid and alkaline hydrolyses the following structures were established for the repeating units of poly(arabitol phosphate) teichoic acid: alpha-6-deoxy-L-Talp-(1-->3)-beta-D-GLcpNAc-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rha p-(1-->4(2)-D- Arabitol-PO4 and beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1-->4(2)-D-arabitol-PO4. The molar ratio of these units is about 1.2:1.0, respectively. Poly(arabitol phosphate) teichoic acid is ...
CedzyƄski M - - 1995
On the basis of sugar analysis and NMR spectroscopy, including selective spin-decoupling, one-dimensional NOE, two-dimensional homonuclear and 13C,1H-heteronuclear correlation spectroscopy, the following structure of the acidic O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O43 was established: -->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->3)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->3)-alpha-D-Gl cpNAc-(1-->4)-alpha - D-Glcp-(1-->, where GalA is galacturonic acid and Galp is galactopyranose. No serological cross-reactivity ...
Knirel Y A - - 1995
The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of Vibrio cholerae O139 synonym Bengal, which is thought to carry determinants of O-specificity, was isolated by phenol/water extraction followed by delipidation of the contaminating lipopolysaccharide at pH 4.2 and gel-permeation chromatography. The CPS contained D-galactose, 3,6-dideoxy-L-xylo-hexose (colitose, Col), 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-D-glucose (N-acetyl-D-quinovosamine, D-QuiNAc), D-galacturonic acid (D-GalA), ...
Saulnier L - - 1995
Maize bran contains phenolic acids [approximately 4% dry matter; mainly ferulic acid (Fe) and also diferulic acid], heteroxylans (approximately 50%), and cellulose (approximately 20%), but is devoid of lignin. Treatment of maize pericarp with 0.05 M trifluoroacetic acid at 100 degrees C for 2 h released approximately 90% of the ...
MacDougall A. J. - - 1995
We have examined the possibility that pectin solubilization and cell separation in fruit may be due to organic acids disrupting calcium bridges between pectic polysaccharides. With fruit from a wild tomato (Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium [Dunal]) we demonstrated the validity of a nonaqueous fractionation method to obtain reliable estimates of the ionic ...
Gupta R K - - 1995
Escherichia coli O111, of various H types and virulence factors, causes enteritis throughout the world, especially in young children. This O type is found rarely in healthy individuals. Serum antibodies to the O-specific polysaccharide of O111 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) protect mice and dogs against infection with this E. coli serotype. The ...
Torgov V I - - 1995
Structures for the N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac)-containing O56 and O24 polysaccharides of Escherichia coli have been reported previously. During these studies unusual chemical shifts had been observed for the NMR signals for H-3eq and C-3 of the Neu5Ac residues of both polysaccharides. In further pursuing this phenomenon, we have reinvestigated the ...
Likhosherstov L M - - 1995
The structure of an acidic polysaccharide component of a bacteriolytic complex (lysoamidase), isolated from a bacterium of the genus Xanthomonas, was studied. On the basis of sugar analysis and one- and two-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic study of the initial polysaccharide and its O-deacetylated and carboxyl-reduced derivatives, the following ...
Theander O - - 1995
A joint AOAC/American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) collaborative study was conducted to determine by the Uppsala method the dietary fiber content and its composition in various foods. The method includes preparation of a residue by treatment with thermostable alpha-amylase and amyloglucosidase and then ethanol precipitation of solubilized dietary fiber ...
Cheng L - - 1995
Conditions for quantitatively eluting six plant pectic polysaccharides from diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-columns were established. Cations, surprisingly, greatly affected the elution of pectic polysaccharides from these anion-exchange columns. Quantitative elution of apple pectic acid was achieved when columns of DEAE-Sephadex A-25 and DEAE-Trisacryl Plus-M were developed with 0.5 M NH4Cl, 0.5 M ...
Radziejewska-Lebrecht J - - 1995
The O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O28 was found to contain D-galactose, D-galacturonic acid (GalA), 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, L-serine, L-lysine, and O-acetyl groups in molar ratios 1:2:1:1:1:1, the amino acids being linked via their alpha-amino group to the carboxyl group of GalA. The polysaccharide was studied using 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, including ...
Yamaoka Y - - 1995
Shosaiko-to (Xiao-chai-hu-tang, SHO), which is a Kampo medicine prepared by decocting a prescription of 7 kinds of medical plants, has been used mainly to treat chronic hepatitis in Japan. Previously, we reported that an oral administration of SHO augmented natural killer (NK) activity in the peripheral blood. To characterize its ...
Sidorczyk Z - - 1995
O-specific polysaccharide was isolated from Proteus penneri strain 12 (ATCC 33519) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and studied using NMR spectroscopy, including selective spin-decoupling, one-dimensional NOE, two-dimensional homonuclear correlation spectroscopy, 13C,1H heteronuclear correlation spectroscopy and chemical methods (O-deacetylation, Smith degradation, partial acid hydrolysis followed by borohydride reduction and methylation). The amide of D-galacturonic ...
Russa R - - 1995
Phenol-water extraction of Rhizobium loti NZP2213 cells allowed a simultaneous isolation of two structurally different lipopolysaccharides from the aqueous (LPS-W) and phenol (LPS-P) phase that differed in their sodium deoxycholate-PAGE pattern and composition. LPS-W showed a profile indicating an R-type LPS; LPS-P had a cluster of poorly resolved bands in ...
Hoijer M A - - 1995
In previous studies, we showed that peptidoglycan polysaccharides from anaerobic bacteria normally present in the human gut induced severe chronic joint inflammation in rats. Our hypothesis is that peptidoglycan from the gut flora is involved in perpetuation of idiopathic inflammation. However, in the literature, the presence of peptidoglycan or subunits ...
Johansson A - - 1995
The structure of the acidic polysaccharide from Serratia marcescens serogroup O1 has been investigated. NMR spectroscopy together with sugar and methylation analysis have been used as well as a uronic degradation. The polysaccharide consists of pentasaccharide repeating units having the following structure. (sequence see text) The polysaccharide also contains one ...
Shashkov A S - - 1995
The O-specific polysaccharide, liberated by mild acid hydrolysis of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS-P) from Thiobacillus sp. IFO14570 as isolated from the phenol phase after phenol-water extraction, is shown to have a linear trisaccharide repeating-unit containing three different diamino sugars, namely 2,4-diacetamido-2,4-dideoxyglucuronic acid, 2-acetamidino-4-acetamido-2,4,6-trideoxyglucopyranose, and 2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxyglucuronic acid in the molar ratio of ...
Russo T A - - 1995
Extraintestinal strains of Escherichia coli possess a variety of virulence factors that enable them to cause disease. These strains express a group 2 capsular polysaccharide which is important in the pathogenic process. Extraintestinal strains evaluated to date are also capable of producing the group 1 capsular polysaccharide colanic acid. The ...
Zhuang C - - 1995
Neutral and acidic polysaccharides and their protein complexes were fractionated and purified from the brown seaweed umitoranoo (Sargassum thunbergii) by fractional extraction, iron-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration. Thirty-one polysaccharide fractions were obtained and tested for antitumor activity in mice with Ehrlich carcinoma transplanted i.p. Two of the fractions, GIV-A ([alpha]25D ...
Yamada S - - 1995
A novel phosphonoglycosphingolipid which contains three residues of 2-aminoethylphosphonate (2-AEP) was isolated from eggs of a sea gastropoid, Aplysia kurodai, and its structure was identified as follows. [see text] The major aliphatic components of ceramide were palmitic acid, stearic acid, 4-sphingenine, and 16-methyl-4-sphingenine. Antibodies which recognize 3-O-methylgalactose linked beta-glycosidically to ...
Dogasaki C - - 1995
A polysaccharide fraction extracted with cold 0.5 M NaOH from the kernels of Prunus mume exhibited some biological activities. A polysaccharide, P-1, was purified from the 0.5M NaOH extract by ion-exchange chromatography and gel-filtration. The results of the structural analysis of P-1 to determine the relationship between the activities and ...
Ohtani K - - 1995
An acidic polysaccharide was isolated from the water-soluble mucilage extracted from dried leaves of Corchorus olitorius, known as Moroheiya in Japan (3.0 g per 100 g). This polysaccharide showed a single peak in a Sepharose CL-6B column, and the specific rotation in H2O at 25 degrees C was +250 degrees. ...
Liljebjelke K - - 1995
Pectins are complex polysaccharides that contain 1,4-linked alpha-D-galactosyluronic acid residues found in the primary wall of all higher plant cells. The pectic polysaccharides play critical roles in cell wall structure and in plant growth and development. As a first step in studying pectin biosynthesis a method was developed to routinely ...
Parolis H - - 1995
The O-specific polysaccharide from Escherichia coli O113 lipopolysaccharide was separated from the core and lipid A by mild acid hydrolysis and purified by GPC. Methylation analysis and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies of the O-deacetylated polysaccharide allowed the determination of the structure of the pentasaccharide repeating unit of the ...
Ravenscroft N - - 1995
The hexasaccharide containing 3-deoxy-octulosonic acid (Kdo) was isolated from the carbohydrate material obtained after the mild acid hydrolysis of lipopolysaccharide of Hafnia alvei strain 2. The hexasaccharide was purified by gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-4 and P-2 columns. On the basis of sugar and methylation analyses, one- and two-dimensional NMR ...
Senchenkova S N - - 1995
Simusan, a major exopolysaccharide produced by an ethanol-utilizing Arthrobacter sp. strain CE-17, contains D-glucose, D-mannose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, D-glucuronic acid, and pyruvic acid in the ratios approximately 3:2:1:1:1:1 as well as O-acyl groups (presumably (presumably residues of acetic and palmitic acid). On the basis of chemical modifications of the polysaccharide, solvolysis ...
Brennan P J - - 1995
Mycobacteria, members of which cause tuberculosis and leprosy, produce cell walls of unusually low permeability, which contribute to their resistance to therapeutic agents. Their cell walls contain large amounts of C60-C90 fatty acids, mycolic acids, that are covalently linked to arabinogalactan. Recent studies clarified the unusual structures of arabinogalactan as ...
Zähringer U - - 1995
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 (Philadelphia 1) exhibits peculiar chemical features which may account for its importance as a bacterial virulence factor. The O-chain of this LPS constitutes a homopolymer of an unusual sugar, 5-acetamidino-7-acetamido-8-O-acetyl-3,5,7, 9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-L-galacto-nonulosonic acid (legionaminic acid) of which about 10-75 residues are present. ...
Korn-Wendisch F - - 1995
Ten strains of thermophilic actinomycetes were isolated from waste and mushroom composts, as well as from the air of compost plants and a refuse incineration plant in Germany. These organisms produce white aerial mycelia and form hyphae with so-called pseudosporangia that fragment into rod-like structures. The organisms have type III ...
Karamanos N K - - 1995
The extracellular slime layer of Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 35983 contains: a) two non-anionic carbohydrate containing proteins degradable with papain of molecular masses 250 and 125 kDa; b) a polydisperse but homogeneously-charged acidic population with M(r) ranging from 120,000 to 35,000 (average M(r) (80,000) containing a polysaccharide covalently bound to a ...
Bonet R - - 1994
Pasteurella piscicida grown in a glucose-rich medium produces a capsule that can be see under light and electron microscopy. The capsular polysaccharide was purified and characterized by chemical and HPLC analysis. The polymer has the composition glucose/mannose/N-acetylgalactosamine/galacturonic acid/acetic acid in the molar ratios of approximately 2.5:1.3:0.5:0.4:2.5. The polysaccharide was immunogenic ...
Shashkov A S - - 1994
The cell wall of Actinoplanes brasiliensis INA 3802 contains a teichuronic acid of unusual structure, as determined in a nondestructive way by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The polysaccharide comprises six tetrasaccharide units of the following composition: -->6)-alpha-D-Glcp-(1-->4)-beta-D-2,3-diacetamido- 2,3-dideoxyGlcpA-(1-->4)-alpha-D-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dide oxyGlcp-(1-->4)-beta- D-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxyManpA. A polymer of such structure has not heretofore been reported ...
Black G E - - 1994
Muramic acid is an amino sugar found in eubacterial cell walls and not elsewhere in nature. This study explored the use of electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ESI MS/MS) in analysis of underivatized muramic acid in bacterial hydrolysates. Fungal hydrolysates were used as negative controls. The only processing used was hydrolysis ...
Gonda R - - 1994
An acidic polysaccharide, called pinellian PA, was isolated from the tuber of Pinellia ternata Breit. It was homogeneous on electrophoresis and gel chromatography, and its molecular mass was estimated to be 11.8 x 10(4). Pinellian PA is composed of L-arabinose: D-galactose: L-rhamnose: D-galacturonic acid: D-glucuronic acid in the molar ratio ...
Bock K - - 1994
For the first time, an oligosaccharide has been prepared comprising the lipid A backbone, the core oligosaccharide and one repeating unit of the O-specific polysaccharide (O-chain) of a lipopolysaccharide. Lipopolysaccharide from Vibrio cholerae strain H11 (non-O1) was deacylated and the products were separated by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography. Major fractions were ...
Tomoda M - - 1994
Two acidic polysaccharides, called rehmannan FS-I and rehmannan FS-II, were isolated from the raw root of Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCHITZ. They were homogeneous on electrophoresis and gel chromatography, and their molecular masses were estimated to be 5.8 x 10(4) and 6.6 x 10(4), respectively. Rehamannan FS-I is composed of L-arabinose: D-galactose: ...
Vincent P - - 1994
The heterotrophic and mesophilic marine bacterium HYD-1545 was isolated on a metal-amended medium from the dorsal integument of the hydrothermal vent polychaete Alvinella pompejana. This strain, which can be assigned to the genus Alteromonas on the basis of its G+C content and phenotypical features, produced large amounts of an acidic ...
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