Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1921
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Nakano M - - 1997
The active substances, acid polysaccharides, were extracted with 1% sodium hydroxide from the leaves of rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), Du Zhong Cha (Eucommia ulmoides Oliv.) and Japanese tea leaves (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis). The alkaline extracts of Rooibos tea and Du-Zhong tea leaves, but not Japanese tea leaves suppressed the ...
Suzuki K - - 1997
"Curtobacterium psychrophilum," proposed by Inoue and Komagata in 1976, is a psychrophilic gram-positive irregular rod isolated from Antarctic soil. This organism grew optimally at 9 to 12 degrees C and did not grow at higher than 18 degrees C. Chemotaxonomic characteristics of this organism were the presence of 2,4-diaminobutyric acid ...
Cho H T - - 1997
Cell walls of deepwater rice (Oryza sativa L.) internodes undergo long-term extension (creep) when placed under tension in acidic buffers. This is indicative of the action of the cell wall-loosening protein expansin. Wall extension had a pH optimum of around 4.0 and was abolished by boiling. Acid-induced extension of boiled ...
Ishii T - - 1997
Acetylated trigalacturonides and rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I)-derived oligosaccharides were isolated from a Driselase digest of potato tuber cell walls by ion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography. The oligosaccharides were structurally characterized by fast atom bombardment-mass spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and glycosyl-linkage composition analysis. One trigalacturonide contained a single acetyl group at O-3 ...
Gorshkova R P - - 1997
A capsular polysaccharide was obtained from Alteromonas nigrifaciens IAM 13010T by saline extraction. On the basis of 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including one-dimensional (1D) NOE spectroscopy, 2D rotating-frame NOE spectroscopy (ROESY), and 1H-detected heteronuclear 1H,13C multiple-quantum coherence (HMQC), it was concluded that the polysaccharide contained inter alia an acidic ...
Petersson C - - 1997
The structure of the O-specific side-chain of the Hafnia alvei strain PCM 1206 lipopolysaccharide has been investigated. Methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, FAB-MS/MS and 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy were the principal methods used. D-Allothreonine (D-aThr), amide-linked to the D-galacturonic acid, was identified as a constituent in the polysaccharide and the ...
Isobe Y - - 1997
Bacillus circulans, a soil bacterium, produced an exocellular polysaccharide of high viscosity. On the basis of the results of methylation analysis, mild acid hydrolysis, and 1D and 2D 1H-NMR spectroscopy, it was concluded that the polysaccharide has a basic repeating unit composed of beta-L-rhamnopyranose, alpha-D-mannopyranose, alpha-D-galactopyranose, and alpha-D-glucopyranuronic acid with ...
Veiga M C - - 1997
Methanobacterium formicicum and Methanosarcina mazeii are two prevalent species isolated from an anaerobic granular consortium grown on a fatty acid mixture. The extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) were extracted from Methanobacterium formicicum and Methanosarcina mazeii and from the methanogenic granules to examine their role in granular development. The EPS made up approximately ...
Risberg A - - 1997
The structure of the oligosaccharide part of the Haemophilus influenzae RM.118-28 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been investigated. The oligosaccharide was obtained from the LPS by mild acid hydrolysis followed by gel-permeation chromatography, and was studied by methylation analysis, NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The structure of the major compound, which is ...
Vinogradov E V - - 1997
The structure of the carbohydrate backbone of the lipopolysaccharide from Acinetobacter strain ATCC 17905 was studied. After deacylation of the lipopolysaccharide, a mixture of two compounds (ratio approximately 2:1) was isolated by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography, the structures of which were determined by NMR spectroscopy and electrospray-mass spectrometry as [STRUCUTRE IN ...
Gilleron M - - 1997
Lipoarabinomannans from fast growing Mycobacterium sp., namely AraLAMs, stimulate the early events of macrophage activation. The immunological activities of all of these AraLAMs drastically decrease with the loss of the mild alkali groups, which were believed to be restricted to the fatty acid residues from the phosphatidyl-myo-inositol anchor. This report ...
Doco T - - 1997
Rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II), a small complex pectic polysaccharide, is released from apple (Malus domestica), carrot (Daucus carota), and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) by treatment with two commercial liquefying enzyme preparations. RG-II was isolated by size-exclusion chromatography from apple, tomato, and carrot juices obtained by enzymic liquefaction. All the RG-IIs contained the ...
MieszaƂa M - - 1997
A glucose-nonfermenting Gram-negative bacterial strain isolated from bronchofiberoscope used for examination of the patients suffering from pulmonary diseases was subjected to phenol-water extraction. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) isolated from the water and the phenol phase differed in fatty acid composition. Both contained xylose, glucose, glucosamine and components typical for LPS, namely heptose, ...
Bartolomé B - - 1997
Diferulate esters strengthen and cross-link primary plant cell walls and help to defend the plant from invading microbes. Phenolics also limit the degradation of plant cell walls by saprophytic microbes and by anaerobic microorganisms in the rumen. We show that incubation of wheat and barley cell walls with ferulic acid ...
Roig M G - - 1997
Developments in the solubilization of complexes between the cationic polymer, poly(hexamethylenebiguanidinium chloride) (PHMBH+Cl-) and acidic polysaccharides are reported. It was discovered that the anionic detergent sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) is an excellent solubilizer for these complexes, enabling several multi-component systems to be studied. SDS itself was shown to interact with ...
Maes E - - 1997
The carbohydrate chains of the mucins which constitute the jelly coat surrounding the eggs of Rana temporaria were released by alkaline borohydride treatment. Neutral and acidic oligosaccharide-alditols were purified by ion-exchange chromatography and HPLC. From the structural analysis, based upon 1H and 13C-NMR spectroscopy in combination with MALDI-TOF, the following ...
Vignon M R - - 1996
Pectic polysaccharides were solubilized from retted hemp bast fibre bundles, by sequential extraction with water and ammonium oxalate at 100 degrees C. The polysaccharides isolated from the extracts were de-esterified and fractionated by anion exchange chromatography, yielding five fractions from boiling water extract and five fractions from oxalate characterized by ...
Toukach F V - - 1996
The O-specific polysaccharide of H. alvei strain PCM 1222 has a branched hexasaccharide repeating unit containing D-galactose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D-galacturonic acid, and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose in the ratios 1:2:1:1:1, as well as 2-aminoethyl phosphate (EtNP) and O-acetyl groups in nonstoichiometric amounts. The polysaccharide was modified by carboxyl reduction, O-deacetylation, and dephosphorylation with ...
St Swierzko A - - 1996
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide from the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O10 contains 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose, D-galacturonic acid, and L-altruronic acid, the last-named sugar having not been found hitherto in O-antigens. Structure of a branched tetrasaccharide repeating unit of the polysaccharide was established by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional COSY ...
Morimoto S - - 1996
The basic fraction of a 2-aminopropionitrile polymer was subjected to acid hydrolysis and was analyzed by means of GC-MS, after trimethylsilylation. The fundamental polymer structural units were alanine, 2,2'-iminodipropionic acid, N-(1-cyanoethyl)alanine, N-ethylalanine, glycine, cyanoglycine, and 5-amino-4-carboxyimidazole residues. The last three units may be derived from hydrogen cyanide. Oligomeric combinations of ...
Zhiping W - - 1996
Inhalation of swine-house dust may cause an acute airway inflammatory condition (organic dust toxic syndrome). Thirty-eight healthy subjects were exposed to swine dust while weighing swine for 3 h. We studied the correlation between acute health effects and the inhaled bacterial exposure markers peptidoglycan (the main constituent of the cell ...
Knirel Y A - - 1996
A core oligosaccharide was obtained after mild acid degradation of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 lipopolysaccharide (LPS). On the basis of chemical, GLC-MS, 1H, and 13C NMR spectroscopic data, it was found that the oligosaccharide obtained is a highly O-acetylated heptasaccharide having the following structure: [formula: see text] where Kdo is ...
Senchenkova S N - - 1996
O-Specific polysaccharides, together with oligosaccharide products of their degradation, were isolated by GPC after mild acid delipidation of lipopolysaccharides of Proteus penneri strains 19 and 35. The polysaccharides had the same trisaccharide repeating unit containing one residue each of D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, and 2-acetamido-3-O-[(S)-1-carboxyethyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (N-acetylisomuramic acid). On the basis of 1D ...
Gemmill T R - - 1996
The large N-linked oligosaccharides released by endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H from Schizosaccharomyces pombe glycoproteins were analyzed for the presence of noncarbohydrate functional groups. No phosphate, sulfate, or acetate could be detected; however, approximately six molecules of pyruvic acid/molecule were found on 98% of the oligosaccharides. Pyruvate moieties were acetal (ketal)-linked to galactose ...
Mourão P A - - 1996
A polysaccharide isolated from the body wall of the sea cucumber Ludwigothurea grisea has a backbone like that of mammalian chondroitin sulfate: [4-beta-D-GlcA-1-->3-beta-D-GalNAc-1]n but substituted at the 3-position of the beta--glucuronic acid residues with sulfated alpha--fucopyranosyl branches (Vieira, R. P., Mulloy, B., and Mourão, P. A. S. (1991) J. Biol. ...
Rundlöf T - - 1996
The structure of the O-specific side-chain of the lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli O28 has been investigated. NMR spectroscopy has been the main method used, complemented with sugar and methylation analyses. The polysaccharide contains one equivalent of O-acetyl groups per repeating unit. Selective cleavage of the O-deacetylated polymer was performed by ...
Graham L - - 1996
Cross-linking of proteins by sugars is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of disorders associated with diabetes and aging; however, the molecular mechanisms involved in this process are not well understood. A new, general method for cross-link analysis, using precolumn derivatization with the reagent diphenylborinic acid ...
Pellerin P - - 1996
The pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II), which accounts for approximately 20% of the ethanol-precipitable polysaccharides in red wine, has been isolated from wine polysaccharides by anion-exchange chromatography. Four fractions enriched with RG-II were obtained and the RG-II then purified to homogeneity by Concanavalin A affinity and size-exclusion chromatographies. The glycosyl-residue ...
Hänfling P - - 1996
The capsular K5 polysaccharide of Escherichia coli is the receptor of the capsule-specific coliphage K5, which harbors an enzyme that degrades the capsular K5 polysaccharide to a number of oligosaccharides. Analysis of the degradation products using gel permeation chromatography, the periodate-thiobarbituric acid and bicinchoninic acid reactions, and nuclear magnetic resonance ...
Dahle U R - - 1996
Treponemes are associated with major oral diseases such as apical and marginal periodontitis. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is regarded as an important virulence factor in these diseases. It is unclear whether LPS is present in oral treponemes. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to examine if a common oral treponeme-Treponema denticola-possesses LPS. ...
Robijn G W - - 1996
The exopolysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus LMG9433 in a semi-defined medium was found to be a charged heteropolymer, with a composition of D-glucose, D-galactose, D-glucuronic acid, and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose in molar ratios of 2:1:1:1. By means of methylation analysis, uronic acid degradation, de-N-acetylation/deamination, partial acid hydrolysis, and 1D/2D NMR studies the ...
Briza P - - 1996
The amino acid, dityrosine, is a major component of the spore wall surface of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where it is part of a highly cross-linked macromolecular network of yet unknown chemical structure, consisting mostly of glucosamine, dityrosine and few other amino acids. Biosynthesis of the dityrosine moiety of this ...
Yamaoka Y - - 1996
Shosaiko-to (Xiao-chai-hu-tang, SHO), a Kampo medicine, was prepared by decocting a prescription of 7 kinds of crude drugs, namely Bupleuri Radix, Pinelliae Tuber, Scutellariae Radix, Zizyphi Fructus, Ginseng Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix and Zingiberis Rhizoma. Previously, we reported that the effect of the orally administered SHO in augmenting natural killer (NK) ...
Iwahara S - - 1996
A polysaccharide, in which the main part of the side chains were depleted, was prepared from the acidic polysaccharides of Fusarium sp. M7-1 by digestion with lyase of Cellulomonas sp. and mild acid treatment. This polysaccharide was degraded into several fragments, neutral oligosaccharides, neutral polysaccharide, and acidic polysaccharide, by an ...
Shashkov A S - - 1996
The polysaccharide chains of the lipopolysaccharides of the Proteus mirabilis serogroups O26 and O30 were studied using sugar and methylation analysis and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy and rotating-frame NOE spectroscopy. The polysaccharides were found to be acidic due to the presence of D-galacturonic acid and ...
Falk C - - 1996
The exocellular polysaccharide from Sphingomonas paucimobilis strain I-886 has been studied using methylation analysis, Smith degradation, partial acid hydrolysis, NMR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry as the principal methods. It is concluded that the repeating unit has the following structure: [formula: see text] The absolute configuration of the uronic acid was ...
Kogan G - - 1996
The type VIII capsular polysaccharide has been isolated and purified from a newly described strain of group B Streptococcus which is a leading cause of sepsis and neonatal meningitis in Japan. The polysaccharide contains D-glucose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, and sialic acid in the molar ratio 1:1:1:1. By means of high resolution ...
Haseley S R - - 1996
A polysaccharide containing 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose (GlcNAc), 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-L-fucose (FucNAc), and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galacturonic acid (GalNAcA) was isolated from an aqueous phenol extract of lipid-free, isolated cell walls of the reference strain for Acinetobacter baumannii serogroup O5, by mild acid hydrolysis of the extract and chromatography of the water-soluble products on Sephadex G-50. By means ...
Gamian A - - 1996
The aminoacyl analysis of endotoxic lipopolysaccharides (LPS) isolated from several bacteria revealed essential amounts of glycine, among the inherent LPS components. Significant amounts of the glycine was detected in lipopolysaccharides isolated from over 30 strains of Escherichia, Salmonella, Hafnia, Citrobacter and Shigella species. Glycine as a single amino acid was ...
Honda Y - - 1996
A high yield of extracellular polysaccharide (ECP) was obtained from callus cultures of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa), which could be separated into an unadsorbed and two acidic fractions (TPS-1, -2) by ion-exchange column chromatography. The yields of each fraction were markedly increased by the addition of 10(-5) M 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid to ...
Sadovskaya I - - 1996
Vibriosis caused by Vibrio anguillarum affects salmonid and marine fish species worldwide and is considered to be one of the most serious threats to the success of commercial fish farming. In the course of this study, it was found that V. anguillarum serotype O:2 strains produce an acidic capsular polysaccharide ...
Knirel Y A - - 1996
Mild acid degradation of the Pseudomonas fluorescens strain ATCC 49271 lipopolysaccharide resulted in a core oligosaccharide containing D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D- glucose, 2-(L- alanylamino)-2-deoxy-D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-D-glucose (QuiNAc), 2-acetamido- 2,6-dideoxy-L-galactose (FucNAc), L-glycero-D-manno-heptose (Hep), 3-deoxy-D- manno-octulosonic acid (Kdo, present in multiple forms), and 5-acetamidino-7-acetamido-3,5,7,9- tetradeoxy- L-glycero-D-galacto-nonulosonic acid (a di-N-acyl derivative of legionaminic acid, Non) as ...
Kobayashi M. - - 1996
Polysaccharide moiety of the boron-polysaccharide complex (T. Matoh, K. Ishigaki, K. Ohno, J. Azuma [1993] Plant Cell Physiol 34: 639-642) isolated from radish (Raphanus sativus) roots has been shown to be rhamnogalacturonan II by glycosyl-linkage analysis and the presence of diagnostic monosaccharides, including apiose, aceric acid, 2-O-methylfucose, and 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid. ...
Kiyohara H - - 1996
Digestion with endo-alpha-(1-->4)-polygalacturonase liberated the enzyme-resistant region (PG-1c) as an active site of the anti-complementary and mitogenic pectic polysaccharide (GR-2IIc) from Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Partial acid hydrolysis of PG-1c resulted in acidic oligosaccharides, and methylation analysis and GC-MS analysis of the acidic oligosaccharides suggested that PG-1c comprised a rhamnogalacturonan core such ...
Russa R - - 1996
Lipopolysaccharides from the Rhizobium meliloti wild-type strain 102F51, which is effective in symbiosis with alfalfa, and from the nonnodulating mutant WL113, defective in root hair adhesion, derived thereof, were isolated and comparatively analyzed. Both preparations were composed of galactose, glucose, glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, glucosamine, 3-deoxyheptulosaric acid, and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid ...
Albers J J - - 1996
Amino acid analysis was performed on four Lp[a] preparations to evaluate whether or not the amino acid data was consistent with Lp[a] containing one molecule of apolipoprotein[a] [apo(a)] linked to one molecule of apoB-100. Amino acid analysis was carried out in duplicate on a Beckman model 121 amino acid analyzer. ...
Sidorczyk Z - - 1996
The chemical structure of the O-specific polysaccharide chain of Proteus penneri 62 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) containing N-acetylisomuramic acid was established using acid hydrolysis, solvolysis with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Cross reactivity of the anti-O-serum P. penneri 62 with a number of other strains of the same ...
Wecke J - - 1996
Using insertional inactivation of the different genes of the dlt operon in Bacillus subtilis, we searched for metabolic and morphological changes caused by D-alanine ester deprivation of lipoteichoic acid and wall teichoic acid. There were no alterations of cell growth, basic metabolism, cellular content of phosphorus-containing compounds, ultrastructure, cell separation, ...
Michal C A - - 1996
Solid-state 31P-NMR of Nephila clavipes dragline silk indicates the presence of phosphorus in at least two chemically distinct environments. Amino acid analyses of acid-hydrolyzed silk confirm the presence of phosphotyrosine as one of the phosphorus-containing components. The unusual chemical shift (18.9 ppm downfield from 85% H3PO4), proton chemical shift, and ...
Conrad R S - - 1996
Lipopolysaccharides were extracted from freeze-dried cells of Pasteurella multocida strain P-1581 (serotype 8) by the phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether method and biochemically analysed using standard procedures. The primary neutral sugars were glucose, galactose and heptose. No deoxy sugars were detected. Amino sugars included galactosamine, glucosamine and glucosamine-6-phosphate. 3-Deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid was present at ...
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