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Results 601 - 650 of 1921
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Oosterveld A - - 2000
Pectic polysaccharides were extracted from sugar beet pulp to yield fractions representing homogalacturonans, rhamnogalacturonans, arabinans and relatively small amounts of glucomannans and xyloglucans. The homogalacturonans had an apparent molecular weight of 21 kDa and contained relatively high amounts of methyl esters and relatively low amounts of acetyl groups as compared ...
Perepelov A V - - 2000
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Proteus vulgaris O23 (strain PrK 44/57) and found to contain 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, and D-galacturonic acid. Based on 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopic studies, including two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (COSY), total correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY), nuclear Overhauser effect ...
Komandrova N A - - 2000
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide containing D-glucuronic acid (D-GlcA), 2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-D-glucuronic acid (D-GlcNAc3NAcA), 2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-D-mannuronoyl-L-alanine (D-ManNAc3NAcA6Ala), and 2-acetamido-2,4, 6-trideoxy-4-[(S)-3-hydroxybutyramido]-D-glucose (D-QuiNAc4NAcyl) was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. KMM 634 followed by gel-permeation chromatography. The polysaccharide was cleaved selectively with a new solvolytic agent, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, to ...
Laurent F - - 2000
The metabolism of [(14)C] phenoxyacetic acid (POA) and the formation of bound residues were studied in soybean leaves and stems. POA was metabolized to 4-HO-POA and to 4-HO-POA glucoside, and a significant fraction of the radioactivity was incorporated in the cell walls (CW). An extraction procedure of CW polymers was ...
Evans L R - - 2000
The exopolysaccharide produced by a cystic fibrosis clinical isolate of Agrobacterium radiobacter was shown by monosaccharide and methylation analyses, degradation with succinoglycanase and NMR analysis to be a succinoglycan with the structure shown below. (S)-pyruvic acid is found stoichiometrically as 4,6-O-ketal substituent of terminal glucose. Succinic acid is present in ...
Huang Z - - 2000
Gel electrophoresis of fluorophore labeled saccharides provides a rapid and reliable method to screen enzymatic and/or chemical treatments of polysaccharides and glycoconjugates, as well as a sensitive and efficient microscale method to separate and purify oligosaccharides for further analysis. A simple and inexpensive method of derivatization and analysis using 2-aminobenzoic ...
Yang F - - 2000
Fatty acids were added into the media to investigate their effects on the mycelial growth and polysaccharide formation by Ganoderma lucidum. The experiments were carried out in freely suspended cultures or immobilized cultures using shake flasks. The results indicate that the extent of stimulation or inhibition were associated with the ...
Peng L - - 2000
Three non-allelic radial swelling mutants (rsw1, rsw2 and rsw3) of Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh. were shown to be specifically impaired in cellulose production. Fractionation methods that identify, characterise and quantify some of the major cell wall polysaccharides in small quantities of seedlings demonstrated that changes in the production of cellulose ...
Yang J G - - 2000
The contents of wall-bound hydroxycinnamic acids and their dimers were compared between elongated and non-elongated cells of suspension-cultured Mentha. Wall-bound peroxidase activity was also investigated. The main hydroxycinnamic acids esterified to these two kinds of cell walls were ferulic and caffeic acids. Eleven dehydrodicaffeic acid isomers and six dehydrodiferulic acid ...
Limberg G - - 2000
A method to determine the amount of galacturonic acid in blocksequence (BS) in pectin homogalacturonan (HG) is described. The method is based on a combination of endopolygalacturonase II (endo-PG II) and exopolygalacturonase (exo-PG) digestion followed by quantification of the liberated galacturonic acid monomer. The amount of monomers released is directly ...
Cancilla M T - - 2000
A general oligosaccharide acid hydrolysis method, amenable to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), is described that allows for hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds for both hexose- and N-acetylhexosamine-containing oligosaccharides. The partial acid hydrolysis of oligosaccharides is obtained by using an acid-exchange resin as the acid catalyst. A ladder sequence of the ...
Edlund U - - 2000
A special microfiltrated colloidal preparation from fresh Viscum album L. berries was investigated concerning the occurrence and structural features of polymeric carbohydrates. A crude polysaccharide fraction was isolated from lectin-, tannin- and protein-depleted microfiltrates. Further fractionation by exchange chromatography revealed a neutral fraction (average molecular weight 30 kDa) and three ...
Turner N A - - 2000
A synchronous encystment method was used to study the order of development of resistance of Acanthamoeba castellanii to a range of biocides. The emerging resistance during encystation to short-term exposure to the minimum amoebicidal concentrations of each biocide tested was recorded during the first 36 h of the differentiation process. ...
Ollé D - - 2000
Ripe mango puree (Smith cultivar) was treated with fungal polysaccharidases containing pectinolytic, hemicellulolytic, and cellulolytic activities for 2 h at 50 degrees C. A loss of 30% of the cell wall material (CWM) was measured. CWM polysaccharides were hydrolyzed to varying degrees: 88, 65, and 65% of, respectively, galacturonic acid-, ...
Kurek B - - 2000
This paper reports the modification/degradation of lignin within spruce sawdust by manganese complexes formed by the association of MnO(2) and oxalate. The Mn oxidants formed are shown to modify both the chemical and physical properties of the wood cell wall. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of oxidized tracheids revealed a smoothing ...
Thompson J E - - 2000
Neutral xyloglucan was purified from the cell walls of suspension-cultured rose (Rosa sp. 'Paul's Scarlet') cells by alkali extraction, ethanol precipitation and anion-exchange chromatography on 'Q-Sepharose FastFlow'. The procedure recovered 70% of the total xyloglucan at about 95% purity in the neutral fraction. The remaining 30% of the xyloglucan was ...
Svobodová H - - 2000
The present study focused on changes in the annual dynamics of the contents of non-structural saccharides (NSS) of Norway spruce vegetative buds related to their structural development under the effect of acidic pollution during the year 1995. Two types of material were analysed: (1) 4-year-old trees treated for 2 years ...
Gamian A - - 2000
Lipopolysaccharide was extracted from cells of Salmonella enterica serovar Toucra O48 and, after mild acid hydrolysis (1% AcOH, 1 h, 100 degrees C or 0.1 M NaOH-AcOH, pH 4.5, 5 h, 100 degrees C), the O-specific polysaccharide was isolated and characterized. The core and an oligosaccharide containing a fragment of ...
Bystrova O V - - 2000
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Providencia alcalifaciens O7 and purified by gel chromatography followed by anion-exchange chromatography. On the basis of full acid hydrolysis, methylation, carboxyl reduction, selective cleavage with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride, and 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, including ...
Farquharson S I - - 2000
The cell-surface carbohydrates of Porphyromonas gingivalis strain ATCC 53978 were isolated and partially characterized. Three separate polysaccharides were found to be present: an extracellular polysaccharide, capsular polysaccharide and lipopolysaccharide. The capsular polysaccharide, which had peculiar, gel-like viscoelastic properties, was found to be comprised of mannuronic acid, glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, ...
Jerić I - - 2000
The increasing prevalence of sepsis from gram-positive bacterial pathogens necessitates further evaluation of the basic assumptions about the molecular pathogenesis of septic shock. Since diverse physiological functions of gram-positive bacteria are controlled by the degree of esterification of teichoic acids with D-alanine, we examined the reactivity of monosaccharide esters in ...
Lee S D - - 2000
A new actinomycete strain, LM 042T, which was isolated from a gold-mine cave in Kongju, Republic of Korea, is described by phenotypic and genotypic characters. The organism formed short chains of non-motile spores and globose bodies from substrate mycelium. An aerial mycelium was absent. This organism was chemotaxonomically characterized by ...
Monchois V - - 2000
Glucansucrases of oral streptococci and Leuconostoc mesenteroides are enzymes of medical and biotechnological interest that synthesize alpha-glucans. They can also synthesize oligosaccharides in the presence of a sugar acceptor. Previous reports have identified an amino acid residue that may affect the structure of the glucan product; therefore, random mutagenesis of ...
Plötz B M - - 2000
According to the 16 S rRNA phylogenetic tree, the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex pyrophilus represents the deepest and shortest branching species of the kingdom Bacteria. We show for the first time that an organism, which is phylogenetically ancient on the basis of its 16 S rRNA and that exists at extreme ...
Basu S S - - 2000
Galacturonic acid (GalA) is a major component of plant cell-wall-derived pectins. It can be also found in the cell-surface polysaccharides of different microorganisms, including several symbiotic and pathogenic bacteria. Uridine diphosphogalacturonic acid (UDP-GalA) is a likely donor for GalA during the biosynthesis of these polysaccharides. A highly efficient, yet simple, ...
Guo S - - 2000
Seven novel saponins were isolated from a bark extract of Quillaja saponaria Molina. the compounds were characterized, using mainly NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and chemical methods, as quillaic acid substituted at C-3 with oligosaccharides consisting of various compositions of D-glucuronic acid D-galactose, D-xylose, and L-rhamnose and at C-28 with complex ...
Redgwell R J - - 2000
Cell wall material (CWM) was prepared from sun-dried cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) bean cotyledons before and after fermentation. The monosaccharide composition of the CWM was identical for unfermented and fermented beans. Polysaccharides of the CWM were solubilised by sequential extraction with 0.05 M trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (CDTA), 0.05 M Na2CO3, and ...
Wong A W - - 2000
Alkylsulfonates are examined as anion dopants for the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) of neutral oligosaccharides. The anion dopants allow neutral oligosaccharides to be examined in the same mixture as acidic oligosaccharides. The alkylsulfonate dopants interact strongly with the oligosaccharide to produce a quasimolecular ion composed of the oligosaccharides and ...
Belogortseva N I - - 2000
Polysaccharides from the roots of Panax ginseng were extracted by hot water and fractionated by using ethanol precipitation and ion exchange chromatography. Fractions FC (crude extract), F1 (fraction precipitated by ethanol), F1N (fraction unbound to DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B), and F1A (bound fraction) were obtained. Their carbohydrate analyses showed that acidic fraction ...
Shashkov A S - - 2000
A teichoic acid from the cell walls of Nocardioides luteus VKM Ac-1246T, a validly described species of the Nocardioides genus, is a 1,5-poly(ribitol phosphate) completely substituted at C-4 by alpha-D-galactopyranosyl residues carrying a 4,6-pyruvate ketal group in R-configuration. The structure of the repeating unit of the polymer is as follows: ...
Ahrazem O - - 2000
The polysaccharides obtained from the alkali-extractable, water-soluble fraction (F1SS) from the cell wall of Myrothecium verrucaria and Myrothecium atroviride were shown to be composed of beta-(1-->6)-galactofuranose fully substituted at O-2 by terminal residues of alpha-glucopyranose and alpha-glucuronic acid. Glucuronic acid was substituted at O-4 by glucopyranose in the Myrothecium species ...
Hagner-Mcwhirter A - - 2000
In the biosynthesis of heparin and heparan sulphate, D-glucuronic acid residues are converted into L-iduronic acid (IdoA) units by C-5 epimerization, at the polymer level. The reaction catalysed by the epimerase occurs by reversible abstraction and readdition of a proton at C-5 of target hexuronic acid residues, through a carbanion ...
Perepelov A V - - 2000
A phosphorylated O-specific polysaccharide (O-antigen) was obtained by mild acid degradation of Proteus vulgaris O12 lipopolysaccharide and studied by sugar and methylation analyses, 1H-, 13C- and 31P-NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, H-detected 1H, 13C and 1H, 31P heteronuclear multiple-quantum coherence experiments. It was found that the polysaccharide consists ...
Helm R F - - 2000
The structure of the viscous extracellular polysaccharide (glycan) of desiccation-tolerant Nostoc commune DRH-1 was determined through chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. The polysaccharide is novel in that it possesses a 1-4-linked xylogalactoglucan backbone with D-ribofuranose and 3-O-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-D-glucuronic acid (nosturonic acid) pendant groups. The presence of D-ribose and nosturonic acid as peripheral ...
Lopes M H - - 2000
The monomeric composition of suberin extracts obtained by gradual alkaline methanolysis of Quercus suber cork was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Results show that 1-alkanols and alkanoic and alpha,omega-alkanedioic acids are preferentially removed upon mild alkaline conditions, whereas mid-chain-modified omega-hydroxyalkanoic acids are preferentially removed under stronger alkaline conditions. Saturated ...
Perepelov A V - - 2000
An O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of P. mirabilis O29 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and found to contain 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose and D-glucuronic acid (D-GlcA) in the ratio 3:1. Studies of the polysaccharide by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy including two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (COSY), total correlation spectroscopy (TOCSY), nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy ...
Knirel Y A - - 2000
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the Proteus penneri 8 lipopolysaccharide and found to contain D-glucose, D-galacturonic acid, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-L-galactose (L-FucNAc) and 2-aminoethyl phosphate (PEtn) in the ratios 2 : 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 : 1. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy ...
Sogawa K - - 2000
We have previously purified an extracellular polysaccharide, D-galactan sulfate associated with L(+)-lactic acid, produced from a marine microalga Dinoflagellate Gymnodinium sp. A3 (GA3). The GA3 polysaccharide, irrespective of presence or absence of lactic acid, exhibited significant cytotoxicity, which is based on an induction of apoptotic cell death, toward human myeloid ...
Curtino J A - - 2000
Glycogen synthase of bovine retina was found associated with the acid-insoluble and acid-soluble proteoglycogen fractions. The synthase associated with the acid-insoluble proteoglycogen precursor showed an 8-fold lower Km for UDP-glucose than the synthase associated with the acid-soluble fraction, and was inhibited by detergent. A short digestion with pronase resulted in ...
Katz S S - - 1999
Deacylation of purified lipopolysaccharides (LPS) markedly reduces its toxicity toward mammals. However, the biological significance of LPS deacylation during infection of the mammalian host is uncertain, particularly because the ability of acyloxyacyl hydrolase, the leukocyte enzyme that deacylates purified LPS, to attack LPS residing in the bacterial cell envelope has ...
de Vries R P - - 1999
Feruloyl esterases can remove aromatic residues (e.g., ferulic acid) from plant cell wall polysaccharides (xylan, pectin) and are essential for complete degradation of these polysaccharides. Expression of the feruloyl esterase-encoding gene (faeA) from Aspergillus niger depends on D-xylose (expression is mediated by XlnR, the xylanolytic transcriptional activator) and on a ...
Nakata K - - 1999
Klebsiella pneumoniae H12 produced a newly identified extracellular polysaccharide in an ethanol medium with a yield of 3.0 g/l. The molar composition of the polysaccharide was 56.04% galactose, 25.92% glucose, 10.92% galacturonic acid, 3.71% mannose, and 3.37% glucuronic acid. The addition of 0.5%-1.5% NaCl increased production. The polysaccharide flocculated with ...
Saraf A - - 1999
The in vitro potency of house dust to induce cytokine response in A549 lung epithelial cells was studied. Dusts collected from carpet, bed, shelf and floor of a villa and an apartment by vacuuming were found to trigger the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a dose-dependent manner, ...
Gloaguen V - - 1999
The capsular polysaccharide produced by the thermophilic cyanobacterium Mastigocladus laminosus has been subjected to a specific degradation with lithium in ethylenediamine. The released undecasaccharide attached to one unit of tetrahydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic acid has been characterized by a combination of 2D nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, monosaccharidic composition and linkage analyses. ...
Limb J K - - 1999
Monoacetyldiglycerides (MADGs) were isolated from an animal tissue, bovine udder, by solvent extraction and silica gel column chromatography. Monoacetyldiglyceride structures were identified using a variety of 1-D and 2-D NMR techniques and collision-induced dissociation (CID) tandem mass spectrometry coupled with fast atom bombardment. CID of sodium-adducted molecular ions ([M+ Na](+)) ...
Molinaro A - - 1999
Xanthomonas hortorum pv. vitians is a Gram-negative bacterium that acts as the causative agent of bacterial leaf spot and headrot in lettuce. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of this bacterium is suspected to be an important molecule for adhesion to the plants. We have isolated the LPS, prepared the lipid A and ...
Gerdt S - - 1999
Caenorhabditis elegans displays three neutral glycosphingolipids with structural homology to glycosphingolipids from the porcine nematode parasite, Ascaris suum. The present findings extend the degree of structural conservation between the two nematode species to glycosphingolipids with a phosphodiester substitution. Using a combination of hydrofluoric acid pretreatment, immunochemical characterization and matrix-assisted laser ...
Lahooti M - - 1999
The cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria consist primarily of a macromolecular matrix comprising similar amounts of peptidoglycan and covalently attached anionic polymers. Under most growth conditions the anionic polymers of Bacillus subtilis are principally teichoic acids; in strain 168 these include a polyglycerol teichoic acid and a glucose/galactosamine-containing teichoic acid. ...
Krasikova I N - - 1999
Prior studies have shown some unusual changes in the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis that occur when the microbe is grown at low temperature; the specific features of these LPSs in comparison with the LPSs from other enteropathogens may be due to unusual thermal adaptation mechanisms. To gain insight into ...
Bystrický S - - 1999
The cross-linking effect of adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH) on polysaccharide derivatization can be evaluated by applying combination of elemental analysis and colorimetric assay. Elemental analysis is used for estimation of total ADH bound to polysaccharide and a colorimetric trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid assay is used to determine the part of ADH ...
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