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Cogez V - - 2001
We report the initial characterization of the osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) of Erwinia chrysanthemi. OPGs are intrinsic components of the bacterial envelope necessary to the pathogenicity of this phytopathogenic enterobacterium (F. Page, S. Altabe, N. Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, J.-M. Lacroix, J. Robert-Baudouy and J.-P. Bohin, J. Bacteriol. 183:0000-0000, 2001 [companion in this ...
Tsvetkov Y E - - 2001
5,7-Diacetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto- and -D-glycero-D-talo-non-2-ulosonic acids were synthesized by condensation of 2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-mannose with oxalacetic acid. Comparison of the 1H and 13C NMR data and the specific optical rotation values of these monosaccharides and the corresponding L-glycero-D-galacto and L-glycero-D-talo isomers synthesized earlier [Tsvetkov, Y. E.; Shashkov, A. S.; Knirel, Y. A.; Backinowsky, L. ...
Gulin S - - 2001
The exocellular polysaccharide S-7, a heteropolysaccharide from Azotobacter indicus var. myxogenes has been studied using methylation analysis, Smith degradation, partial acid hydrolysis, NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry as the principal methods. It is concluded that the repeating unit has the following structure: [structure: see text] The absolute configuration of the ...
Schubert K - - 2001
The cell wall of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was investigated. The corrected structure of the murein, which was published earlier, is reported here. The murein belongs to the B1delta type. It has L-alanine in position three of the peptide subunit and is crosslinked via a glycine-L-lysine-L-lysine interpeptide bridge. As expected by the ...
Jiménez A - - 2001
Cellulose and hemicelluloses obtained from the cell walls of partially depectinated olives have been studied at three stages of ripening (green, cherry, and black). Hemicelluloses were fractionated into two groups, the amounts of which diminished during ripening: those soluble in 4% KOH diminished between the cherry and black stages, whereas ...
Zdorovenko G M - - 2001
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was isolated from the phytopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. atrofaciens IMV 948 by mild extraction of the microbial cells with saline, and the properties, composition, and structure of the LPS were studied. The LPS showed low toxicity in D- galactosamine-sensitized mice and low biological activity in plants. Structural ...
Faber E J - - 2001
The lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus 291, when grown in skimmed milk, produced 80 mg/L exopolysaccharide with an average molecular mass of 1.4 x 10(3) kDa. Monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis, MS, and 1D/2D NMR (1H and 13C) studies performed on the native polysaccharide, and on oligosaccharides obtained from ...
Perepelov A V - - 2001
A high-molecular-mass O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of Proteus vulgaris O4 lipopolysaccharide followed by GPC. The polysaccharide was studied by chemical methods along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, H-detected 1H,13C HMQC, and 1H,13C HMBC experiments. Solvolysis of the polysaccharide with trifluoromethanesulfonic ...
Huisman M M - - 2001
Structural characteristics of pectic substances extracted from soybean meal cell walls (water unextractable solids) with a chelating agent-containing buffer (0.05M 1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (CDTA) and 0.05M NH(4)-oxalate in 0.05M NaOAc buffer) were studied. The arabinogalactans present as side chains to the rhamnogalacturonan backbone were largely removed by enzymatic hydrolysis using endo-galactanase, ...
Park K M - - 2001
The effects of an acidic polysaccharide isolated from the ethanol-insoluble and water-soluble fraction of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer on immunomodulating activities were investigated. A high output nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was shown in female BALB/c mice administered intraperitoneally with the acidic polysaccharide from ginseng. Newly synthesized iNOS protein was ...
Tako M - - 2001
An alginate was isolated from commercially cultured Nemacystus decipiens which had been harvested in Yonashiro Town (Okinawa, Japan). The yield of the alginate was 1.6% (w/w of wet alga), and the uronic acid, ash and moisture contents of the alginate were 86.0%, 12.0%, and 2.3% (w/w), respectively. The molecular mass ...
Smith B G - - 2001
The ester-linkage of ferulic acid (mainly E) to polysaccharides in primary cell walls of pineapple fruit (Ananas comosus) (Bromeliaceae) was investigated by treating a cell-wall preparation with 'Driselase' which contains a mixture of endo- and exo-glycanases, but no hydroxycinnamoyl esterase activity. The most abundant feruloyl oligosaccharide released was O-[5-O-(E-feruloyl)-alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl](1-->3)-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->4)-D-xylopyranose (FAXX). ...
Vinogradov E - - 2001
The structure of lipid A-core region of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Klebsiella pneumoniae serotype O3 was determined using NMR, MS and chemical analysis of the oligosaccharides, obtained by mild acid hydrolysis, alkaline deacylation, and deamination of the LPS: [carbohydrate structure see text] where P is H or alpha-Hep; J is ...
Stewart D - - 2001
Cell walls were prepared from the fruit of two cultivars of raspberry at three stages of ripening; green, white and red (ripe). The cultivars. Glen Clova and Glen Prosen, are subjectively classified, at harvest by growers, as soft and firm fruit, respectively. The cell walls were analysed for neutral sugar ...
Zhan D - - 2001
While searching for oligosaccharides containing rhamnose residues in the endopolygalacturonase (EPG) digest of saponified citrus pectin, we found several oligomers containing, in addition to galacturonic acid, a sugar previously unreported in pectin. The 1- and 2-D 1H NMR spectra of the oligosaccharides were consistent with the sugar being a uronic ...
Oertelt C - - 2001
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of strain 8081-c-R2, a spontaneous R-mutant of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:8, was isolated using extraction with phenol/chloroform/light petroleum. Its compositional analysis indicated the presence of D-GlcN, D-Glc, L-glycero-D-manno- and D-glycero-D-manno-heptose, 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) and phosphate. From deacylated LPS obtained after successive treatment with hydrazine and potassium hydroxide, ...
Ghosh A C - - 2001
The Azorhizobium caulinodans isolated from the stem nodules of a leguminous emergent hydrophyte, Aeschynomene aspera, produced a large amount of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) in yeast extract basal medium. Maximum EPS production was at the stationary phase of growth. EPS production was increased by 919% over control when the medium was ...
Diallo D - - 2001
Entada africana is a tree used in traditional medicine in Mali. The root is, for example, used for wound-healing. Since polysaccharides from other plants are thought to play a role in the wound-healing process, we wanted to study the polysaccharides present in the root of this species. The polysaccharides were ...
Dziarski R - - 2001
MD-2 is associated with Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on the cell surface and enables TLR4 to respond to LPS. We tested whether MD-2 enhances or enables the responses of both TLR2 and TLR4 to Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and their components. TLR2 without MD-2 did not efficiently respond to highly ...
Funatsu O - - 2001
The N-linked oligosaccharides were released from purified human intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-3 by hydrazinolysis. Approximately 6 mol of oligosaccharides were released from 1 mol of ICAM-3. The oligosaccharides reduced with NaB[3H]4 were separated into neutral and acidic fractions by paper electrophoresis. Most of the acidic oligosaccharides were converted to neutral ...
Muldoon J - - 2001
An acidic polysaccharide was obtained from the lipopolysaccharide of Pseudoalteromonas distincta strain KMM 638, isolated from a marine sponge, and found to contain D-GlcA, D-GalNAc, 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-D-glucose (D-QuiNAc) and two unusual acidic amino sugars: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galacturonic acid (D-GalNAcA) and 5-acetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-7-formamido-L-glycero-L-manno-nonulosonic acid (Pse5Ac7Fo, a derivative of pseudaminic acid). Oligosaccharides were derived from the ...
Winn A M - - 2001
A polysaccharide containing D-ribose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, and N-acetyl-D-mannosamine was isolated from the phenol-soluble lipopolysaccharide extracted from defatted cell walls of the reference strain (560) for serogroup O16 of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. The results of methylation analysis, chemical degradations, and NMR spectroscopy showed that the polysaccharide is based on a branched trisaccharide repeating-unit ...
Kocharova N A - - 2001
The O-specific polysaccharide (OPS) of Vibrio cholerae 08 was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, including NOESY and heteronuclear multiple-bond correlation (HMBC) experiments. The OPS was found to have a tetrasaccharide repeating unit with the following structure: --> 4)-beta-D-Glcp NAc3NAcylAN-(1 --> 4)-beta-D-Manp ...
Fischer M - - 2001
Two independent procedures for the quantitative determination of the polysaccharide content of Arabica Caturra (Coffea arabica var. Caturra) and Robusta ROM (Coffea canephora var. ROM) green coffee beans showed that they both contained identical amounts of polysaccharide. Cell wall material (CWM) was prepared from the beans and partial solubilisation of ...
Rocha S M - - 2001
An enzymatic method has been used to isolate, for the first time, polymeric suberin from the bark of Quercus suber L. or cork. This was achieved by solvent extraction (dichloromethane, ethanol and water), followed by a step-by-step enzymatic treatment with cellulase, hemicellulase and pectinase, and a final extraction with dioxane/water. ...
Hagemeier J - - 2001
The chemical structures and accumulation kinetics of several major soluble as well as wall-bound, alkali-hydrolyzable compounds induced upon infection of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves with Pseudomonas syringae pathovar tomato were established. All identified accumulating products were structurally related to tryptophan. Most prominent among the soluble substances were tryptophan, beta-d-glucopyranosyl indole-3-carboxylic acid, ...
Matsuo K - - 2001
Structural studies were carried out on an O-antigenic polysaccharide moiety derived from Porphyromonas circumdentaria NCTC 12469, a reference strain of Porphyromonas species. The polysaccharide chain was composed of D-glucose, D-galactose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine in a molar ratio of 1:2:1:1. On the basis of results from 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopic analyses ...
Groth I - - 2001
A Gram-positive bacterium originating from garden soil was taxonomically studied. Cells are non-motile, non-sporulating, irregular rods and cocci. The cell wall peptidoglycan contains L-ornithine as diagnostic diamino acid and an interpeptide bridge consisting of L-Orn<--L-Ala<--Gly<--D-Asp. The major menaquinone is MK-8(H4). 13-Methyl tetradecanoic acid and 14-methyl pentadecanoic acid are the predominant ...
Jacobs A - - 2001
The distribution of 4-O-methylglucuronic acid residues along the polysaccharide chains of xylans isolated from birch, aspen, spruce, pine, and larch was studied here employing matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) analysis of the oligosaccharide mixtures obtained by partial acid hydrolysis. The hydrolyzates thus obtained were analyzed by MALDI-MS or by ...
Swierzko A S - - 2001
In this paper we present the structure and describe serological properties of the O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O13 lipopolysaccharide, which contains a unique component: an amide of D-galacturonic acid (D-GalA) with an unusual amino acid, Nepsilon-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-L-lysine (alaninolysine, AlaLys). Selective chemical degradations of either GalA or AlaLys resulted in the ...
Tsuneda S - - 2001
The possibility of enhancing nitrifying biofilm formation rate with the aid of selected EPS produced by heterotrophic bacteria was investigated. When EPS production characteristics were examined for four kinds of heterotrophs isolated from a domestic wastewater treatment reactor, two strains obtained from biofilms (B1, B2) exhibited a higher polysaccharide production ...
Parker M L - - 2000
Chufas (Cyperus esculentus) are edible tubers that, like Chinese waterchestnut (CWC), are very crisp when raw and do not soften when cooked. The present study compares the mechanical properties of chufas with those of potato and CWC in relation to the carbohydrate and phenolic compositions of the cell walls. The ...
Blackwood A D - - 2000
Dietary carbohydrates that escape digestion and absorption in the small intestine include non-digestible oligosaccharides (carbohydrates with a degree of polymerisation between three and ten), resistant starch and non-starch polysaccharides. The physiological effects of this heterogeneous mixture of substrates are partly predictable on the basis of their physicochemical properties. Monosaccharide composition ...
Borrego S - - 2000
Cellular aggregation, which occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, is controlled by the hydrophobicity as well as the electrokinetic potential of the cell surface and substratum. It is known that the Mycobacterium genus form aggregates, but the influence of sugar on the cellular aggregation has not been reported for this ...
Capek P - - 2000
The fine structural features of alkali-extracted galactoglucomannan composed of D-galactose, D-glucose and D-mannose in a 1:8:33 mole proportion from the secondary cell walls of Picea abies L. Karst have been determined. Compositional and methylation analyses of the polymer, partial acid hydrolysis, as well as 1H and 13C NMR measurements of ...
Vinogradov E - - 2000
The following structure of the lipid A-core region of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Proteus mirabilis serotype O28 was determined using NMR, MS, and chemical analysis of the core oligosaccharide, obtained by mild acid hydrolysis of LPS, and of the products of alkaline deacylation of the LPS: carbohydrate sequence [see text] ...
Shashkov A S - - 2000
The structure of a neutral polysaccharide isolated by degradation with dilute acetic acid of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of P. mirabilis O24 has been determined recently [E. Literacka et al., FEBS Lett., 456 (1999) 227-231]. Further studies of this LPS using alkaline degradation and hydrolysis at pH 4.5 showed that the ...
Halwani A E - - 2000
We investigated the effects of lipoteichoic acids, surface components of Gram-positive bacteria, on the hemocytes and phenoloxidase activity in last instar Galleria mellonella larvae, as well as the binding of apolipophorin-III, an insect lipid-binding protein, to lipoteichoic acids. Binding of apolipophorin-III to lipoteichoic acid was studied using an assay based ...
Carnachan SM - - 2000
Unlignified primary cell walls containing ester-linked ferulic acid fluoresce blue in ultraviolet radiation which changes to green with increased intensity on treatment with ammonium hydroxide. Using this fluorescence behaviour, we detected ester-linked ferulic acid in the primary cell walls of all 41 species of gymnosperms we examined. These species were ...
Eserstam R - - 2000
The acidic polysaccharide from Serratia marcescens serogroup O14:K12 was analyzed by means of chemical studies and NMR spectroscopy and its repeating unit structure found to be carbohydrate sequence [see text] O-Acetyl groups are proposed to be present in non-stoichiometric amounts on O-6 on one of the hexose residues in the ...
Fransen C T - - 2000
Two galacturonic-acid-containing polysaccharide fractions (ChSS and P) were isolated from soybean meal and subjected to lithium treatment. The fragments obtained were analyzed by using monosaccharide and methylation analyses, and NMR spectroscopy. Lithium degradation of ChSS, followed by sodium borodeuteride reduction, hydrolysis, sodium borohydride reduction, and acetylation afforded alditol acetates, of ...
Chenghua D - - 2000
An alkali-soluble polysaccharide (Hunai polysaccharide, 1) from the fruit body of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Sing was shown to be homogeneous by gel permeation chromatography and its molecular weight was approximately 4.3 x 10(5). Complete acid hydrolysis, periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, methylation, FT-IR and 13C NMR analysis, complex formation with Congo ...
Mukhiddinov Z K - - 2000
With a purpose to achieve an individual components of the pectins there was purified and separated the acidic components of the apple pectin and its chemical structure was studied using (13)C-NMR-Spectroscopy. The apple pectin was consecutively subjected to processing with hydrochloric acid and ethanol mixture, ultracentrifuging at 7000 and 40 ...
Kozlova Y I - - 2000
A new teichoic acid was identified in the cell walls of Streptomyces griseoviridis VKM Ac-622T, Streptomyces sp. VKM Ac-2091, and Actinoplanes campanulata VKM Ac-1319T. The polymer is poly(glycosylglycerol phosphate). The repeating units of the polymer, alpha-galactopyranosyl-(1-->3)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-galactopyran+ ++ osyl-(1-->1)-glycerols, are in phosphodiester linkage at C-3 of glycerol and C-6 of galactose. ...
Schäffer C - - 2000
The peptidoglycan, the secondary cell wall polymer (SCWP), and the surface layer (S-layer) glycoprotein are the major glycosylated cell wall components of Paenibacillus alvei CCM 2051. In this report, the complete structure of the SCWP, its linkage to the peptidoglycan layer, and its physicochemical properties have been investigated. From the ...
Bonafonte M A - - 2000
Salmonella enteritidis accumulated large quantities of intracellular polysaccharide when grown in unrestricted nutrient conditions. Dense, abundant cytoplasmic granules were observed by electron microscopy in sections stained by the periodic acid-chlorite technique, indicating that the polysaccharide was of the glycogen type. When biofilm-producing S. enteritidis was pre-incubated in media containing increasing ...
Perepelov A V - - 2000
An amino acid was released from the O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O13 by acid hydrolysis and identified as N(epsilon)-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-L-lysine by comparison with the authentic sample. An amide of this amino acid with D-galacturonic acid was isolated from the polysaccharide by solvolysis with anhydrous trifluoromethanesulfonic (triflic) acid and characterised by ...
Blackburn N T - - 2000
An assay has been developed to monitor the activity of the lytic transglycosylases which does not involve the use of radiolabel. Samples of lytic transglycosylase were incubated with isolated and purified insoluble peptidoglycan as substrate for varying lengths of time. Residual insoluble material was removed by ultracentrifugation in a microfuge ...
Perepelov A V - - 2000
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O46 and studied by chemical methods (O-deacetylation, sugar and methylation analyses, partial solvolysis) and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Solvolysis of the O-deacetylated polysaccharide with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid resulted in a alpha-D-GlcpNAc-(1 --> 3)-D-GlcA disaccharide ...
Oosterveld A - - 2000
Pectic polysaccharides were extracted from sugar beet pulp to yield fractions representing homogalacturonans, rhamnogalacturonans, arabinans and relatively small amounts of glucomannans and xyloglucans. The homogalacturonans had an apparent molecular weight of 21 kDa and contained relatively high amounts of methyl esters and relatively low amounts of acetyl groups as compared ...
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