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Results 451 - 500 of 1907
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Kurata Shinya - - 2003
A two-membered coculture of strains KYM-7 and KYM-8, identified as Cellulomonas cellulans and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, respectively, produced a large amount of an extracellular polysaccharide, designated APK-78, from starch. Each strain in pure culture produced only very little amount of polysaccharide from starch; the coexistence of the two strains from the ...
Yu Peiqiang - - 2003
Hydroxycinnamic acids, mainly ferulic and p-coumaric acids, are believed to be inhibitory to ruminal biodegradability of complex cell wall materials such as oat hulls. Previous studies have shown that a novel enzyme, Aspergillus ferulic acid esterase, and Trichoderma xylanase act synergistically to break the ester linkage between ferulic acid and ...
Matsuyama Hidetoshi - - 2003
A bacterium, Ikeda-3, that was isolated from the wastewater of a winery was found to produce floating and precipitating exopolysaccharides (EPSs) when grown aerobically in a medium containing sucrose as the sole carbon source. The concentrations of floating and precipitating EPSs were approximately 2.7 g/l and 0.6 g/l, respectively, in ...
Kawasaki Kiyoshi - - 2003
We previously reported that Taxol, which mimics the action of LPS on murine macrophages, induces signals via mouse TLR4/MD-2, but not via human TLR4/MD-2. Here we investigated the molecular basis for this species-specific action of Taxol. Expression of mouse MD-2 conferred both LPS and Taxol responsiveness on HEK293 cells expressing ...
Katapodis Petros - - 2003
Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were obtained from birchwood xylan by treatment with an endoxylanase, family 11 class, from Sporotrichum thermophile. The main acidic xylooligosaccharide (aldopentauronic acid) was separated from the hydrolysate by anion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography and the structure was determined by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The aldopentauronic acid yield was ...
Popper Zoë A - - 2003
Major differences in primary cell wall (PCW) components between non-vascular plant taxa are reported. (1) Xyloglucan: driselase digestion yielded isoprimeverose (the diagnostic repeat unit of xyloglucan) from PCW-rich material of Anthoceros (a hornwort), mosses and both leafy and thalloid liverworts, as well as numerous vascular plants, showing xyloglucan to be ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2002
Structures of cell wall anionic polymers of the strain Streptomyces sp. VKM Ac-2124, a causative agent of potato scab, which is phylogenetically the closest to plant pathogenic species S. setonii and S. caviscabies, were studied. The strain contains three anionic glycopolymers, viz., a teichuronic acid with a disaccharide repeating unit ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2002
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O15 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, and H-detected 1H,(13)C HMQC experiments. The polysaccharide was found to contain an ether of ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2002
The cell wall of Streptomyces sp. MB-8 contains a major teichoic acid, viz., 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine (the degree of substitution is 60%), a minor teichoic acid, viz., non-substituted poly(glycerol phosphate), and a family of Kdn (3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosonic acid)-containing oligomers of the following general structure: [carbohydrate structure: see text]. The ...
Muldoon Jimmy - - 2002
Campylobacter jejuni 81116 has been extensively investigated in studies on genes associated with the synthesis of Campylobacter lipopoly/lipooligosaccharides (LPS/LOS). Despite these investigations, data on the chemical structure of polysaccharides from C. jejuni 81116 have been absent. The present study was undertaken to fill that void. Biomass was grown in large ...
Bjarnestad Sofia - - 2002
In the present study, hardwood and softwood pulps were characterized by employing Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FT-IR-PAS). The pulp samples examined originated from Swedish sulfite and kraft pulp mills, which utilize different cooking processes and modern bleaching technologies. Partial least-squares (PLS) analysis was used to correlate the spectral data ...
Khondkar Proma - - 2002
Heteropolysaccharides isolated from liquid cultures of Tremella species were derivatised to alditol acetates and identified by GLC against derivatised sugar standards. From the sugar profiles it was evident that all of the polysaccharides contained essentially the same sugars but in different ratios. Some of the polysaccharides contained the five carbon ...
Verhoef René - - 2002
The slime forming bacteria Brevundimonas vesicularis sp. was isolated from a paper mill and its EPS was produced on laboratory scale. After production, the exopolysaccharide (EPS) was purified and analysed for its purity and homogeneity, HPSEC revealed one distinct population with a molecular mass of more than 2,000 kDa. The ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2002
The O-specific polysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O16 was obtained by mild-acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy, including 2D 1H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, and 1H,(13)C HSQC experiments. It was found that the polysaccharide contains N-acetylmuramic acid, which was isolated by solvolysis with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid ...
Günter Elena A - - 2002
Pectin termed silenan and acidic arabinogalactan were isolated as cell-wall polysaccharides of Silene vulgaris callus in the presence of various carbon sources as components of the media. The maximum yields, productivity per litre of medium and production per day of acidic arabinogalactan, were achieved using glucose or galactose as the ...
Kilcoyne Michelle - - 2002
The lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Morganella morganii (strain KF 1676, RK 4222) yielded two polysaccharides, PS1 and PS2, when subjected to mild acid degradation followed by GPC. The polysaccharides were studied by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, 1H,(13)C HMQC, and HMBC experiments. Each polysaccharide was ...
Habibi Youssef - - 2002
Xylans were isolated from the pericarp of prickly pear seeds of Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) by alkaline extraction, fractionated by precipitation and purified. Six fractions were obtained and characterized by sugar analysis and NMR spectroscopy. They were assumed to be (4-O-methyl-D-glucurono)-D-xylans, with 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyluronic acid groups linked at C-2 of a (1-->4)-beta-D-xylan. ...
Knirel Yuriy A - - 2002
The O-polysaccharide of Aeromonas hydrophila O:34 was obtained by mild-acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy before and after O-deacetylation. The polysaccharide was found to contain D-Man, D-GalNAc and 6-deoxy-L-talose (L-6dTal), and the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit was established [carbohydrate structure ...
Patenaude Sonia I - - 2002
The human ABO(H) blood group antigens are produced by specific glycosyltransferase enzymes. An N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GTA) uses a UDP-GalNAc donor to convert the H-antigen acceptor to the A antigen, whereas a galactosyltransferase (GTB) uses a UDP-galactose donor to convert the H-antigen acceptor to the B antigen. GTA and GTB differ only ...
Minemoto Yasumasa - - 2002
Linoleic acid was encapsulated with a soluble soybean polysaccharide, gum arabic, or a mixture of both together with maltodextrin, and the oxidation process of the encapsulated acid was measured at 37 degrees C and at a relative humidity of 12%. The soybean polysaccharide was more effective for encapsulating the acid ...
Beleski-Carneiro Eliana - - 2002
Seed coats from Chorisia speciosa form a hydrogel on contact with water. When the hydrogel was solubilized and the solution centrifuged, subsequent ethanol precipitation gave a polysaccharide (F-I) composed of rhamnose, galactose and uronic acid in a molar ratio of 25:44:31. Analysis of F-I by HPSEC-MALLS showed a homogenous polymer ...
Suzuki Fumika - - 2002
Lignins, tannins and flavonoids are commonly found polyphenols. Among these polyphenols, lignins, polymers of phenylpropenoids complexed with polysaccharides, were the least cytotoxic and most potently stimulated the production of nitric oxide (NO), citrulline and asparagine by mouse macrophage-like Raw 264.7 cells. The maximum production of these substances reached the level ...
Hashimoto Masahito - - 2002
Bacteroides vulgatus has been shown to be involved in the aggravation of colitis. Previously, we separated two potent virulence factors, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), from a clinical isolate of B. vulgatus and characterized the structure of CPS. In this study, we elucidated the structures of O-antigen polysaccharide (OPS) ...
Milo Begoña - - 2002
A fucoarabinogalactan (CU-1), the main component of the gum exudate of the medicinal plant Croton urucurana, has been isolated by precipitation and subsequent dialysis and finally purified by ion-exchange chromatography. The estimated average molecular weight of CU-1 by gel permeation chromatography was approximately 2.48 x 10(6) Da. CU-1 was found ...
Trinel Pierre-André - - 2002
The pathogenic yeast Candida albicans has the ability to synthesize unique sequences of beta-1,2-oligomannosides that act as adhesins, induce cytokine production, and generate protective antibodies. Depending on the growth conditions, beta-1,2-oligomannosides are associated with different carrier molecules in the cell wall. Structural evidence has been obtained for the presence of ...
Obel Nicolai - - 2002
Changes in arabinoxylan content and composition during development of wheat seedlings were investigated. The cell walls isolated from the seedlings showed an increasing content of arabinoxylan during development, which could be correlated to increased activity of xylan synthase and arabinoxylan arabinosyltransferase. Arabinoxylan changed from initially having a high degree of ...
Streshinskaya G M - - 2002
The structures of cell wall teichoic acids of the members of newly recognized genera of the order Actinomycetales were studied. Planotetraspora mira VKM Ac-2000T contains two types of teichoic acids: 2,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with alpha-D-Galp at C-1 of glycerol and 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with alpha-L-Rhap at OH-2 of glycerol (60%). ...
Takeda Minoru - - 2002
An extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) was recovered and purified from the culture fluid of a sheathed bacterium, Sphaerotilus natans. Glucose, rhamnose, and aldobiouronic acid were detected in the acid hydrolysate of EPS by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The aldobiouronic acid was found to be composed of glucuronic acid and rhamnose by TLC ...
Soldo Blazenka - - 2002
Sequence homologies suggest that the Bacillus subtilis 168 tagO gene encodes UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:undecaprenyl-P N-acetylglucosaminyl 1-P transferase, the enzyme responsible for catalysing the first step in the synthesis of the teichoic acid linkage unit, i.e. the formation of undecaprenyl-PP-N-acetylglucosamine. Inhibition of tagO expression mediated by an IPTG-inducible P(spac) promoter led to the ...
Morath Siegfried - - 2002
We recently purified lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from Staphylococcus aureus to more than 99% purity by a novel preparation method and deduced its structure with the first nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of a complete LTA. In contrast to Gram-negative lipopolysaccharides, this LTA requires the toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and not TLR-4 for ...
Talaga Philippe - - 2002
A method, using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed-amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD), has been developed to determine the concentrations of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharides and polysaccharide conjugates used in formulating a conjugate vaccine for the prevention of pneumococcal infections. In an effort to determine optimum hydrolysis conditions for the analysis, pneumococcal polysaccharides ...
Ishii Tadashi - - 2002
Oligogalacturonides [oligomers composed of (1-->4)-linked alpha-D-galactosyluronic acid residues] with degrees of polymerization (DP) from 1 to 10, and a tri-, penta-, and heptasaccharide generated from the backbone of rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) were labeled at their reducing ends using aqueous 2-aminobenzamide (2AB) in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride in over 90% ...
Gorshkova R P - - 2002
On mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the marine microorganism Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens KMM 161 an O-specific polysaccharide containing D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 3,6-dideoxy-3-(4-hydroxybutyramido)-D-galactose, and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-L-guluronic acid residues was obtained. From the results of Smith degradation, O-deacetylation of the polysaccharide, and NMR spectroscopy the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of ...
Gardner Sara L - - 2002
A high-throughput method is described by which Arabidopsis thaliana stems can be screened for variation in cell wall composition after hydrolysis with Driselase or trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Driselase, a mixture of fungal enzymes, hydrolyses cellulose (to glucose) and all the major matrix polysaccharides (to monosaccharides and/or characteristic disaccharides); TFA hydrolyses ...
Kim Kyoung Heon - - 2002
Dilute sulfuric acid catalyzed hydrolysis of biomass such as wood chips often involves pressing the wood particles in a dewatering step (e.g., after acid impregnation) or in compression screw feeders commonly used in continuous hydrolysis reactors. This study addresses the effects of pressing biomass feedstocks using a hydraulic press on ...
Perrone Paola - - 2002
Driselase-digestion of cell walls from suspension-cultures of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), followed by anion-exchange chromatography, gel-permeation chromatography, preparative paper chromatography and preparative paper electrophoresis, yielded ten uronic acid-containing products in addition to free galacturonic acid (GalA). These included 4-O-methylglucuronic acid, alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-D-glucuronic acid and several oligosaccharides containing GalA residues. The structures ...
Bergström Niklas - - 2002
The O-polysaccharide from Vibrio cholerae O6 was isolated from the LPS by mild-acid hydrolysis and has been investigated by sugar and methylation analysis and NMR spectroscopy. The polysaccharide was also depolymerized with aqueous hydrofluoric acid to give the repeating unit and multiples thereof. The O-polysaccharide had the following tetrasaccharide repeating ...
Fontaniella Blanca - - 2002
The exudate gum produced by Xanthomonas albilineans, a specific sugarcane pathogen, has been isolated from juices of diseased sugarcane stalks, hydrolyzed with hydrochloric acid, and the hydrolysate analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Sucrose. cellobiose, mannose, glucose, glucose-1-P and glucuronic acid were identified as the major components of the polysaccharide isolated from ...
Timotiwu Paul Benjamin - - 2002
The mist culture system was conducted to study secreted polysaccharides from soybean ( Glycine max) roots grown for 15 days. Roots were rinsed with distilled water (DW) for 15 min, then with 30 mM oxalic acid (OXA) for 15 min to remove ionically bound sugar. Released sugars were further fractionated ...
Bao Xingfeng - - 2002
Three crude polysaccharide fractions, named CS-A, CS-B and CS-C, were prepared from the seeds of Cuscuta chinensis by hot water extraction and diluted alkali extraction subsequently, then EtOH precipitation, and tested for lymphocyte proliferation activity. CS-A showed a stimulating effect on concanavalin A or lipopolysaccharide induced mitogenic activity of lymphocytes. ...
Nanny Mark A - - 2002
The acid-precipitated (AP) and acid-soluble (AS) fractions of the combined hydrophobic neutral and hydrophobic acid dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were isolated from leachate collected from three municipal landfills of different age and redox conditions. The AP and the AS combined hydrophobic neutral and hydrophobic acid DOC comprised 6-15% and 51-66%, ...
Classen Birgit - - 2002
An arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) from suspension culture medium of Malva sylvestris was isolated by precipitation with beta-glucosyl Yariv reagent, followed by gel-permeation chromatography. It revealed characteristic features of AGPs: a high amount of polysaccharide with a ratio of galactose to arabinose of 1.9 : 1, some uronic acids, and a small ...
Mehrländer Katri - - 2002
Eight apple pomace liquefaction juices were produced to characterize soluble cell wall material released by the action of pectolytic and cellulolytic enzyme preparations. Very high colloid values from 9.7 to 19.6 g/L were recovered from the juices by ethanol precipitation. The crude polysaccharides consisted mainly of galacturonic acid (49-64 mol ...
Rupérez Pilar - - 2002
Fucus vesiculosus was sequentially extracted with water at 22 degrees C (fraction 1 (F1)) and 60 degrees C (F2), and with 0.1 M HCl (F3) and 2 M KOH (F4) at 37 degrees C. Soluble fractions (42.3% yield) were composed of neutral sugars (18.9-48 g/100 g), uronic acids (8.8-52.8 g/100 ...
Kawaguchi Tomohiro - - 2002
Bahamian soft marine stromatolites consist of cyanobacterial biofilms and carbonate sand grains (ooids) embedded in their extracellular polymeric secretions (EPS). EPS were isolated from natural marine stromatolites and the laboratory cultured stromatolite forming cyanobacterium isolate Schizothix sp. Laboratory investigations were conducted to examine biochemical characteristics and the role of EPS ...
Liu Cui-Ping - - 2002
AIM: To study the chemical characterization and some biological activities of an acidic polysaccharide, named SC4 from Salvia chinensis. METHODS: Chemical and spectral methods were employed to identify the structural characterization of SC4. Effect of SC4 on the proliferation of T- and B-lymphocytes both in vivo and in vitro was ...
Muñoz Marta - - 2002
The bluemouth rockfish, Helicolenus dactylopterus dactylopterus (De la Roche, 1809), is a zygoparous species with internal fertilization. The male urogenital papilla acts as the copulating organ, and the females retain the spermatozoa in their ovaries for up to 10 months. The objective of this study is to extend our knowledge ...
Molinaro Antonio - - 2002
The carbohydrate backbone of the core-lipid A region was characterized from the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) of the plant-pathogenic bacterium Burkholderia caryophylli. For the first time, the presence of two moieties of l-glycero-d-manno-heptopyranosyl-alpha-(1-->5)-3-deoxy-d-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosonic acid was identified in a core region, which is of particular interest with regard to the biosynthesis of this ...
Cambon-Bonavita M-A - - 2002
AIMS: The objective of the present work was to describe an aerobic, mesophilic and heterotrophic marine bacterium, designated HYD657, able to produce an exopolysaccharide (EPS). It was isolated from a East Pacific Rise deep-sea hydrothermal vent polychaete annelid. METHODS AND RESULTS: This micro-organism, on the basis of the phenotypical features ...
Reis Ana - - 2002
Purified olive pulp glucuronoxylans, with a Xyl/GlcA ratio of 7:1, were subjected to mild acid hydrolysis and the mixture of oligosaccharides obtained was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography. One elution fraction representative of low molecular weight oligosaccharides was analysed by mass spectrometry using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation (MALDI) and electrospray ionisation ...
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