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Results 451 - 500 of 1921
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Ratnayake R M Sunil - - 2003
Changes in the cell-wall polysaccharides (CWP) of the edible tissues of four winter squash cultivars during storage and after cooking were investigated. A procedure for isolating cell walls of tissues containing high levels of starch was used. The starch-free CWP were sequentially fractionated using CDTA, dilute Na(2)CO(3), and 4 M ...
Crepin Valerie F - - 2003
Feruloyl esterases, a subclass of the carboxylic acid esterases (EC 3.1.1.1), are able to hydrolyse the ester bond between the hydroxycinnamic acids and sugars present in the plant cell wall. The enzymes have been classified as type A or type B, based on their substrate specificity for aromatic moieties. We ...
Muldoon Jimmy - - 2003
An acidic polysaccharide was isolated from Pseudoalteromonas flavipulchra type strain NCIMB 2033(T) and found to consist of 6-deoxy-L-talose (L-6dTal), D-galactose and 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo). The identities of the monosaccharides were ascertained by sugar analysis and 1D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy in conjunction with 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY and 1H, ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2003
An O-specific polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O45 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, H-detected 1H,13C HSQC and HMBC experiments. The following structure of the pentasaccharide repeating unit of ...
Vinogradov Evgeny - - 2003
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the Shewanella algae strain BrY lipopolysaccharide and was found to contain L-rhamnose, 2-acetamido-4-[D-3-hydroxybutyramido)]-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-glucose (D-BacNAc4NHbu), and 2-amino-2,6-dideoxy-L-galactose, N-acylated by the 4-carboxyl group of L-malic acid (L-malyl-(4-->2)-alpha-L-FucN) in the ratio 2:1:1. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy was applied to the intact ...
Diallo Drissa - - 2003
Trichilia emetica is a tree or bush that has many different traditional uses in Mali, amongst others the leaves have been used as a woundhealing remedy. As polysaccharides have been isolated from other plants that have a long tradition as woundhealing remedies, it was of interest to study the polysaccharides ...
Heine Holger - - 2003
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Chlamydia trachomatis serotype E was isolated from tissue culture-grown elementary bodies and analyzed structurally by mass spectrometry and 1H, 13C and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance. The LPS is composed of the same pentasaccharide bisphosphate alphaKdo-(2-8)-alphaKdo-(2-4)-alphaKdo-(2-6)-betaGlcN-4P-(1-6)-alphaGlcN-1P (Kdo is 3-deoxy-alpha-d-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid) as reported for C. trachomatis serotype L2[Rund, ...
Delzenne N M - - 2003
Oligosaccharides, consisting of a mixture of hexose oligomers with a variable extent of polymerisation, are food products with interesting nutritional properties. They may be naturally present in food, mostly in fruits, vegetables or grains, or produced by biosynthesis from natural sugars or polysaccharides and added to food products because of ...
Larocque Suzon - - 2003
The O-chain polysaccharide (O-PS) of Bordetella avium was isolated from the lipopolysaccharide by mild acid hydrolysis to remove the lipid A, followed by hydrofluorolysis to remove the lipopolysaccharide core oligosaccharide leaving a residual O-PS for structural analysis. High resolution (1)H and (13)C NMR and MALDI studies showed the O-chain to ...
Christakopoulos P - - 2003
Acidic oligosaccharides were obtained from birchwood xylan by treatment with a Thermoascus aurantiacus family 10 and a Sporotrichum thermophile family 11 endoxylanases. The main difference between the products liberated by xylanases of family 10 and 11 concerned the length of the products containing 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid. The xylanase from T. aurantiacus ...
Orgueira Hernán A - - 2003
A general, modular strategy for the first completely stereoselective synthesis of defined heparin oligosaccharides is described. Six monosaccharide building blocks (four differentially protected glucosamines, one glucuronic and one iduronic acid) were utilized to prepare di- and trisaccharide modules in a fully selective fashion. Installation of the alpha-glucosamine linkage was controlled ...
Brennan P J - - 2003
Much of the early structural definition of the cell wall of Mycobacterium spp. was initiated in the 1960s and 1970s. There was a long period of inactivity, but more recent developments in NMR and mass spectral analysis and definition of the M. tuberculosis genome have resulted in a thorough understanding, ...
Marita Jane M - - 2003
Isolated lignins from alfalfa deficient in caffeic acid 3-O-methyltransferase contained benzodioxanes resulting from the incorporation of the novel monomer, 5-hydroxyconiferyl alcohol. Due to the high level incorporated into the soluble lignin fraction and the use of sensitive NMR instrumentation, unique structural features were revealed. A new type of end-unit, the ...
Cuesta Gabriela - - 2003
The capsular polysaccharide of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 14, is part of every pneumococcal vaccine presently in the market or under development. A strategy for the quantitative determination of this polysaccharide by the phenol-sulfuric acid method is described. The modality of acid addition is shown to be the critical step for ...
Kurata Shinya - - 2003
A two-membered coculture of strains KYM-7 and KYM-8, identified as Cellulomonas cellulans and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, respectively, produced a large amount of an extracellular polysaccharide, designated APK-78, from starch. Each strain in pure culture produced only very little amount of polysaccharide from starch; the coexistence of the two strains from the ...
Yu Peiqiang - - 2003
Hydroxycinnamic acids, mainly ferulic and p-coumaric acids, are believed to be inhibitory to ruminal biodegradability of complex cell wall materials such as oat hulls. Previous studies have shown that a novel enzyme, Aspergillus ferulic acid esterase, and Trichoderma xylanase act synergistically to break the ester linkage between ferulic acid and ...
Matsuyama Hidetoshi - - 2003
A bacterium, Ikeda-3, that was isolated from the wastewater of a winery was found to produce floating and precipitating exopolysaccharides (EPSs) when grown aerobically in a medium containing sucrose as the sole carbon source. The concentrations of floating and precipitating EPSs were approximately 2.7 g/l and 0.6 g/l, respectively, in ...
Kawasaki Kiyoshi - - 2003
We previously reported that Taxol, which mimics the action of LPS on murine macrophages, induces signals via mouse TLR4/MD-2, but not via human TLR4/MD-2. Here we investigated the molecular basis for this species-specific action of Taxol. Expression of mouse MD-2 conferred both LPS and Taxol responsiveness on HEK293 cells expressing ...
Katapodis Petros - - 2003
Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were obtained from birchwood xylan by treatment with an endoxylanase, family 11 class, from Sporotrichum thermophile. The main acidic xylooligosaccharide (aldopentauronic acid) was separated from the hydrolysate by anion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatography and the structure was determined by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The aldopentauronic acid yield was ...
Popper Zoë A - - 2003
Major differences in primary cell wall (PCW) components between non-vascular plant taxa are reported. (1) Xyloglucan: driselase digestion yielded isoprimeverose (the diagnostic repeat unit of xyloglucan) from PCW-rich material of Anthoceros (a hornwort), mosses and both leafy and thalloid liverworts, as well as numerous vascular plants, showing xyloglucan to be ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2002
Structures of cell wall anionic polymers of the strain Streptomyces sp. VKM Ac-2124, a causative agent of potato scab, which is phylogenetically the closest to plant pathogenic species S. setonii and S. caviscabies, were studied. The strain contains three anionic glycopolymers, viz., a teichuronic acid with a disaccharide repeating unit ...
Perepelov Andrei V - - 2002
An acidic O-specific polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O15 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, and H-detected 1H,(13)C HMQC experiments. The polysaccharide was found to contain an ether of ...
Shashkov Alexander S - - 2002
The cell wall of Streptomyces sp. MB-8 contains a major teichoic acid, viz., 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine (the degree of substitution is 60%), a minor teichoic acid, viz., non-substituted poly(glycerol phosphate), and a family of Kdn (3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosonic acid)-containing oligomers of the following general structure: [carbohydrate structure: see text]. The ...
Muldoon Jimmy - - 2002
Campylobacter jejuni 81116 has been extensively investigated in studies on genes associated with the synthesis of Campylobacter lipopoly/lipooligosaccharides (LPS/LOS). Despite these investigations, data on the chemical structure of polysaccharides from C. jejuni 81116 have been absent. The present study was undertaken to fill that void. Biomass was grown in large ...
Bjarnestad Sofia - - 2002
In the present study, hardwood and softwood pulps were characterized by employing Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FT-IR-PAS). The pulp samples examined originated from Swedish sulfite and kraft pulp mills, which utilize different cooking processes and modern bleaching technologies. Partial least-squares (PLS) analysis was used to correlate the spectral data ...
Khondkar Proma - - 2002
Heteropolysaccharides isolated from liquid cultures of Tremella species were derivatised to alditol acetates and identified by GLC against derivatised sugar standards. From the sugar profiles it was evident that all of the polysaccharides contained essentially the same sugars but in different ratios. Some of the polysaccharides contained the five carbon ...
Verhoef René - - 2002
The slime forming bacteria Brevundimonas vesicularis sp. was isolated from a paper mill and its EPS was produced on laboratory scale. After production, the exopolysaccharide (EPS) was purified and analysed for its purity and homogeneity, HPSEC revealed one distinct population with a molecular mass of more than 2,000 kDa. The ...
Kocharova Nina A - - 2002
The O-specific polysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O16 was obtained by mild-acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy, including 2D 1H,(1)H COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, and 1H,(13)C HSQC experiments. It was found that the polysaccharide contains N-acetylmuramic acid, which was isolated by solvolysis with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid ...
Günter Elena A - - 2002
Pectin termed silenan and acidic arabinogalactan were isolated as cell-wall polysaccharides of Silene vulgaris callus in the presence of various carbon sources as components of the media. The maximum yields, productivity per litre of medium and production per day of acidic arabinogalactan, were achieved using glucose or galactose as the ...
Kilcoyne Michelle - - 2002
The lipopolysaccharide of the bacterium Morganella morganii (strain KF 1676, RK 4222) yielded two polysaccharides, PS1 and PS2, when subjected to mild acid degradation followed by GPC. The polysaccharides were studied by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including two-dimensional COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, 1H,(13)C HMQC, and HMBC experiments. Each polysaccharide was ...
Habibi Youssef - - 2002
Xylans were isolated from the pericarp of prickly pear seeds of Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) by alkaline extraction, fractionated by precipitation and purified. Six fractions were obtained and characterized by sugar analysis and NMR spectroscopy. They were assumed to be (4-O-methyl-D-glucurono)-D-xylans, with 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyluronic acid groups linked at C-2 of a (1-->4)-beta-D-xylan. ...
Knirel Yuriy A - - 2002
The O-polysaccharide of Aeromonas hydrophila O:34 was obtained by mild-acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy before and after O-deacetylation. The polysaccharide was found to contain D-Man, D-GalNAc and 6-deoxy-L-talose (L-6dTal), and the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit was established [carbohydrate structure ...
Patenaude Sonia I - - 2002
The human ABO(H) blood group antigens are produced by specific glycosyltransferase enzymes. An N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GTA) uses a UDP-GalNAc donor to convert the H-antigen acceptor to the A antigen, whereas a galactosyltransferase (GTB) uses a UDP-galactose donor to convert the H-antigen acceptor to the B antigen. GTA and GTB differ only ...
Minemoto Yasumasa - - 2002
Linoleic acid was encapsulated with a soluble soybean polysaccharide, gum arabic, or a mixture of both together with maltodextrin, and the oxidation process of the encapsulated acid was measured at 37 degrees C and at a relative humidity of 12%. The soybean polysaccharide was more effective for encapsulating the acid ...
Beleski-Carneiro Eliana - - 2002
Seed coats from Chorisia speciosa form a hydrogel on contact with water. When the hydrogel was solubilized and the solution centrifuged, subsequent ethanol precipitation gave a polysaccharide (F-I) composed of rhamnose, galactose and uronic acid in a molar ratio of 25:44:31. Analysis of F-I by HPSEC-MALLS showed a homogenous polymer ...
Suzuki Fumika - - 2002
Lignins, tannins and flavonoids are commonly found polyphenols. Among these polyphenols, lignins, polymers of phenylpropenoids complexed with polysaccharides, were the least cytotoxic and most potently stimulated the production of nitric oxide (NO), citrulline and asparagine by mouse macrophage-like Raw 264.7 cells. The maximum production of these substances reached the level ...
Hashimoto Masahito - - 2002
Bacteroides vulgatus has been shown to be involved in the aggravation of colitis. Previously, we separated two potent virulence factors, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), from a clinical isolate of B. vulgatus and characterized the structure of CPS. In this study, we elucidated the structures of O-antigen polysaccharide (OPS) ...
Milo Begoña - - 2002
A fucoarabinogalactan (CU-1), the main component of the gum exudate of the medicinal plant Croton urucurana, has been isolated by precipitation and subsequent dialysis and finally purified by ion-exchange chromatography. The estimated average molecular weight of CU-1 by gel permeation chromatography was approximately 2.48 x 10(6) Da. CU-1 was found ...
Trinel Pierre-André - - 2002
The pathogenic yeast Candida albicans has the ability to synthesize unique sequences of beta-1,2-oligomannosides that act as adhesins, induce cytokine production, and generate protective antibodies. Depending on the growth conditions, beta-1,2-oligomannosides are associated with different carrier molecules in the cell wall. Structural evidence has been obtained for the presence of ...
Obel Nicolai - - 2002
Changes in arabinoxylan content and composition during development of wheat seedlings were investigated. The cell walls isolated from the seedlings showed an increasing content of arabinoxylan during development, which could be correlated to increased activity of xylan synthase and arabinoxylan arabinosyltransferase. Arabinoxylan changed from initially having a high degree of ...
Streshinskaya G M - - 2002
The structures of cell wall teichoic acids of the members of newly recognized genera of the order Actinomycetales were studied. Planotetraspora mira VKM Ac-2000T contains two types of teichoic acids: 2,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with alpha-D-Galp at C-1 of glycerol and 1,3-poly(glycerol phosphate) substituted with alpha-L-Rhap at OH-2 of glycerol (60%). ...
Takeda Minoru - - 2002
An extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) was recovered and purified from the culture fluid of a sheathed bacterium, Sphaerotilus natans. Glucose, rhamnose, and aldobiouronic acid were detected in the acid hydrolysate of EPS by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The aldobiouronic acid was found to be composed of glucuronic acid and rhamnose by TLC ...
Soldo Blazenka - - 2002
Sequence homologies suggest that the Bacillus subtilis 168 tagO gene encodes UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:undecaprenyl-P N-acetylglucosaminyl 1-P transferase, the enzyme responsible for catalysing the first step in the synthesis of the teichoic acid linkage unit, i.e. the formation of undecaprenyl-PP-N-acetylglucosamine. Inhibition of tagO expression mediated by an IPTG-inducible P(spac) promoter led to the ...
Morath Siegfried - - 2002
We recently purified lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from Staphylococcus aureus to more than 99% purity by a novel preparation method and deduced its structure with the first nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of a complete LTA. In contrast to Gram-negative lipopolysaccharides, this LTA requires the toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and not TLR-4 for ...
Talaga Philippe - - 2002
A method, using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed-amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD), has been developed to determine the concentrations of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharides and polysaccharide conjugates used in formulating a conjugate vaccine for the prevention of pneumococcal infections. In an effort to determine optimum hydrolysis conditions for the analysis, pneumococcal polysaccharides ...
Ishii Tadashi - - 2002
Oligogalacturonides [oligomers composed of (1-->4)-linked alpha-D-galactosyluronic acid residues] with degrees of polymerization (DP) from 1 to 10, and a tri-, penta-, and heptasaccharide generated from the backbone of rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) were labeled at their reducing ends using aqueous 2-aminobenzamide (2AB) in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride in over 90% ...
Gorshkova R P - - 2002
On mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of the marine microorganism Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens KMM 161 an O-specific polysaccharide containing D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 3,6-dideoxy-3-(4-hydroxybutyramido)-D-galactose, and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-L-guluronic acid residues was obtained. From the results of Smith degradation, O-deacetylation of the polysaccharide, and NMR spectroscopy the following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeating unit of ...
Gardner Sara L - - 2002
A high-throughput method is described by which Arabidopsis thaliana stems can be screened for variation in cell wall composition after hydrolysis with Driselase or trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Driselase, a mixture of fungal enzymes, hydrolyses cellulose (to glucose) and all the major matrix polysaccharides (to monosaccharides and/or characteristic disaccharides); TFA hydrolyses ...
Kim Kyoung Heon - - 2002
Dilute sulfuric acid catalyzed hydrolysis of biomass such as wood chips often involves pressing the wood particles in a dewatering step (e.g., after acid impregnation) or in compression screw feeders commonly used in continuous hydrolysis reactors. This study addresses the effects of pressing biomass feedstocks using a hydraulic press on ...
Perrone Paola - - 2002
Driselase-digestion of cell walls from suspension-cultures of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), followed by anion-exchange chromatography, gel-permeation chromatography, preparative paper chromatography and preparative paper electrophoresis, yielded ten uronic acid-containing products in addition to free galacturonic acid (GalA). These included 4-O-methylglucuronic acid, alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-D-glucuronic acid and several oligosaccharides containing GalA residues. The structures ...
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