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Results 401 - 450 of 1366
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González-Correa José Antonio - - 2006
Triflusal is a derivative of salicylic acid with a well-established platelet aggregation inhibitory profile. Its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties differ, however, somewhat from those of acetylsalicylic acid. A number of recent experimental and clinical studies have shown that triflusal is a potentially useful choice in the treatment and prophylaxis of ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2006
Increasing evidence suggests that heat acclimation and exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and abscisic acid (ABA) may lead to the enhancement of thermotolerance in plants. In this study, the roles that free SA, conjugated SA, ABA, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-specific phospholipase C (PLC) play in thermotolerance development induced by heat acclimation (38 ...
Silverman F Paul - - 2005
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium; methylviologen) is a widely used, nonselective contact herbicide that rapidly stimulates free radical generation. It has been found that the addition of sodium salicylate (sodium 2-hydroxybenzoate; NaSA) to paraquat spray solutions significantly decreased herbicidal activity. This protection was observed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) regardless of whether NaSA was ...
Bellés José M - - 2006
In the present work we have studied the accumulation of gentisic acid (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, a metabolic derivative of salicylic acid, SA) in the plant-pathogen systems, Cucumis sativus and Gynura aurantiaca, infected with either prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) or the exocortis viroid (CEVd), respectively. Both pathogens produced systemic infections and ...
Gruber Michael - - 2006
For a microdialytic trapping method we systematically investigated changes in concentrations of 2,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid (2,5-DHBA) and 2,3-dihydroxy-benzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) in freshly prepared solutions of salicylic acid (SA). The solvent was 0.9% saline exposed to different atmospheric concentrations of oxygen (0, 21, and 100%). The solutions were treated by freezing-thawing and ...
van Oijen Martijn G H - - 2005
As acetylsalicylic acid is metabolized by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 (UGT1A6) and cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9), interindividual differences in activity of these enzymes may modulate the effects and side-effects of acetylsalicylic acid. The objective of this study was to assess whether polymorphisms in UGT1A6 and CYP2C9 genes are related to the prevalence ...
Loffredo Elisabetta - - 2005
The capacity of a leonardite humic acid (LHA), a soil humic acid (SHA), and a soil fulvic acid (SFA) in modulating the allelopathic potential of caffeic acid (CA), ferulic acid (FA), and salicylic acid (SA) on seedlings of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) was investigated. Lettuce ...
Maharaj H - - 2006
The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) has been extensively researched due to its selective toxicity to dopaminergic neurons. Mitochondrial dysfunction which is common in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD), has been widely implicated in MPP+-induced toxicity. MPP+-induced mitochondrial dysfunction is believed to result in the generation of free radicals. This ...
van der Merwe Johannes A - - 2006
An inducer of acquired disease resistance in plants, benzo (1,2,3) thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester, exhibited direct, concentration-dependent inhibition of the NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity of complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain of cultured tobacco cells. The complex I activity was less sensitive to inhibition by salicylic acid, an endogenous ...
Tada Daisuke - - 2005
Albumin is the major plasma protein and acts as a physiological carrier for various compounds including drugs. To take advantage of the drug-binding ability of albumin for a drug delivery system, we have prepared hydrogels consisting of acrylamide (AAm) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) by introducing three to four vinyl ...
Kuehl Gwendolyn E GE Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 100 Fairview Ave N, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2006
Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is a common nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used for treatment of pain and arthritis. In the body, acetylsalicylic acid is rapidly deacetylated to form salicylic acid. Both compounds have been proposed as anti-inflammatory agents. Major metabolites of salicylic acid are its acyl and phenolic glucuronide conjugates. Formation of ...
Kubota Masaharu - - 2006
Increased amounts of salicylic acid (SA) were detected in the roots and hypocotyl of cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus) using high-performance liquid chromatography following inoculation of the leaves with the anthracnose pathogen, Colletotrichum lagenarium. The concentrations of SA in the internodes immediately below the infected leaves increased to more than 1microg/g ...
Negoro Munetaka - - 2005
The interaction of acetylsalicylic acid with alcohol dehydrogenase was investigated. Horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase bound to a p-hydroxyacetophenone affinity column was eluted by acetylsalicylic acid. In vitro enzymatic activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in the presence of ethanol as a substrate was significantly increased by incubation with acetylsalicylic acid. These results ...
Crispino P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is the main reason of failure for H. pylori eradication and beta-lactamases produced by resistant H. pylori strains is a possible mechanism underlying ineffectiveness of an amoxycillin-based triple therapy. AIM: To investigate the benefit of using clavulanic acid associated with amoxycillin compared with amoxycillin alone in a ...
Giannini E G - - 2005
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. The main risk factors for colorectal cancer are not suitable targets for therapeutic intervention, and primary chemoprevention is an intriguing therapeutic option. The analogies between acetyl-salicylic acid and 5-amino-salicylic acid, and the results obtained by using acetyl-salicylic ...
Drew Janice E - - 2005
Oxidative stress is a characteristic of cancerous colon tissue and inflammatory bowel diseases that increase colon cancer risk. Epidemiological evidence supports a protective effect of plant-derived compounds. Aspirin is also protective against colon cancer. The mechanism of action is unclear although salicylic acid, the main metabolite of aspirin, has been ...
Tian Shiping - - 2006
Pear fruit (Pyrus pyrifolia L. cv. Yali) treated by different elicitors, such as salicylic acid (SA), oxalic acid, calcium chloride, and antagonistic yeast Cryptococcus laurentii, were investigated to determine the induction of defense responses. The possible mechanism by which elicitors induced the resistance of pear fruit against postharvest disease was ...
Turner Ronald B - - 2005
Rhinovirus infections are associated with substantial morbidity and economic cost. The available common cold remedies are of limited utility and specific antiviral approaches have been unsuccessful. Viral contamination of the hands appears to play an important role in the transmission of rhinovirus from person-to-person. Interruption of this step in transmission ...
Corazzi Teresa - - 2005
Benzoic acid, 2-(acetyl-oxy)-3-[(nitrooxy)methyl]phenyl ester (NCX 4016), a new drug made by an aspirin molecule linked, through a spacer, to a nitric oxide (NO)-donating moiety, is now under clinical testing for the treatment of atherothrombotic conditions. Aspirin exerts its antithrombotic activity by irreversibly inactivating platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1. NCX 4016 in vivo ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Scalp pruritus is a common condition causing dermatologic distress. The presence of skin scale on clothing is cosmetically undesirable and scalp scratching in public is socially embarrassing. Scratching can also result in removal of the cuticle and premature hair shaft fracture. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of 3% salicylic ...
Sádecká J - - 2005
Non-ionic surfactant (Brij 35, Tween 20, Tween 80 and Tergitol NPX) modified capillary isotachophoresis was investigated for the separation of 2-arylpropionic acids (fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen) and benzoic acid and its derivatives (salicylic, acetylsalicylic and gallic acids). The relative step height (RSH) values of analytes were found to ...
Kikuchi Takayuki - - 2005
This study was conducted to clarify the penetration properties of 4-[1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl]-2-propyl-1-[4-[2-[tetrazole-5-yl]phenyl]phenyl]methylimidazole-5-carboxylic acid monohydrate (CS-088), an ophthalmic agent, and the mechanism of the permeability-enhancing effect of EDTA and boric acid (EDTA/boric acid) on the corneal penetration of CS-088. In the absence of additives, corneal permeability decreased with increasing concentration of CS-088 ...
Hamiduzzaman Mollah Md - - 2005
beta-Aminobutyric acid (BABA) was used to induce resistance in grapevine (Vitis vinifera) against downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola). This led to a strong reduction of mycelial growth and sporulation in the susceptible cv. Chasselas. Comparing different inducers, the best protection was achieved with BABA followed by jasmonic acid (JA), whereas benzo ...
Koeduka Takao - - 2005
Plant fatty acid alpha-dioxygenases (DOXs) catalyze the stereospecific conversion of fatty acids into the corresponding (R)-2-hydroperoxy fatty acids. In several plant species the corresponding gene was shown to be induced by pathogen infection, herbivore attack and environmental stresses. The precise signaling pathway accountable for the induction remains unidentified. In the ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2006
The relationship between the accumulation in endogenous free salicylic acid (SA) induced by heat acclimation (37 degrees C) and the activity of PIP(2)-phospholipase C (PIP(2)-PLC; EC 3.1.4.3) in the plasma membrane fraction was investigated in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves. We focused our attention on the hypothesis that positive SA ...
Urbanek H - - 2005
Treatment of read canary grass leaves with phenol, 4-chlorophenol, naphthalic anhydride and phenylethylisothiocyanate increased glutathione S-transferase activity by 1.4-2.4-fold (control 17 U g(-1) DW). Benzothiadiazole, beta-aminobutyric acid and salicylic acid increased activity by 1.3-1.8-fold. Total glutathione pool was increased by the toxic compounds by 1.2-2-fold and by the elicitors 1.4-1.6-fold ...
Wang Yu-Chi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To induce apoptosis of endometriotic cells of patients with endometriosis. DESIGN: To demonstrate that polyglycolic acid/chitosan glue directly inhibits cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis. SETTING: University hospital infertility center. PATIENT(S): Twelve women who visited the center for infertility therapy. INTERVENTION(S): Polyglycolic acid/chitosan glue was applied into primary endometriotic cells; ...
Porto Raffaella - - 2005
The second dissociation constant of salicylic acid (H2L) has been determined, at 25 degrees C, in NaCl ionic media by UV spectrophotometric measurements. The investigated ionic strength values were 0.16, 0.25, 0.50, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 M. The protolysis constants calculated at the different ionic strengths yielded, with the Specific ...
Reszka Krzysztof J - - 2005
Oxidation of anthracyclines leads to their degradation and inactivation. This process is carried out by peroxidases in the presence of a catalytic cofactor, a good peroxidase substrate. Here, we investigated the effect of salicylic acid, a commonly used anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent, on the peroxidative metabolism of anthracyclines. We report ...
Ha Tae Joung - - 2005
6[8'(Z)-pentadecenyl]salicylic acid, otherwise known as anacardic acid (C15:1), inhibited the linoleic acid peroxidation catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, type 1) with an IC50 of 6.8 microM. The inhibition of the enzyme by anacardic acid (C15:1) is a slow and reversible reaction without residual activity. The inhibition kinetics analyzed by ...
Benveniste Irène - - 2005
CYP94A1 is a cytochrome P450 (P450) catalyzing fatty acid (FA) omega-hydroxylation in Vicia sativa seedlings. To study the physiological role of this FA monooxygenase, we report here on its regulation at the transcriptional level (Northern blot). Transcripts of CYP94A1, as those of two other P450-dependent FA hydroxylases (CYP94A2 and CYP94A3) ...
Wang Weizhou - - 2005
Equilibrium geometries, energies, and vibrational frequencies of cage-shaped boric acid clusters including the onion-like structure have been calculated at the HF/6-31G and B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory. A family of cage-shaped boric acid clusters becomes evident according to our calculations. Each member of the family is formed by strong O-H...O hydrogen ...
Birgin Bahar - - 2005
Various agents which can be used in combination can also interfere with phototherapy. In this study, the effects of topical petrolatum and 20% salicylic acid in petrolatum upon skin photoreaction to UVA were investigated, in an in vivo test. Minimal phototoxic dose (MPD) test was performed on 31 volunteers and ...
Wu Rong - - 2005
Angiotensin II is an important oxidative stress mediator. Our previous studies have indicated that the potent antioxidative properties of acetylsalicylic acid play an important role in its cardiovascular protective effects. There are some ongoing controversies concerning the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study ...
Duthie Garry G - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess whether regular consumption of cranberry juice results in elevations in urinary salicylate concentrations in persons not taking salicylate drugs. Two groups of healthy female subjects (11/group) matched for age, weight, and height consumed 250 mL of either cranberry juice or a placebo ...
Cai Qixiang - - 2005
Poly [bi(o-carboxyphenyl)adipate-polyethylene glycol] anhydrides--P(BOCA-PEG)--polymeric drugs were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, NMR, DSC, gel permeation chromatography, etc. Salicylic acid loading efficiency of these polymers ranged from 43.5% to 71.3%, which was much higher than that of other polymeric drugs with salicylic acid. The in vitro release of ...
Lin Song-Shei - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of acetylsalicylic acid acid on the in vitro N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzyme activity and in vivo acetylation of 2-aminofluorene in laboratory rats. In the in vitro experiments, cytosols of blood, bladder, colon and liver cells, with or without acetylsalicylic acid co-treatment, showed ...
Mitchell Robert J - - 2005
The NagR protein is a response regulatory protein found in the bacterium Ralstonia sp. U2 that is involved in sensing for salicylic acid and the subsequent induction of the operon just upstream of its gene. The genes encoded for in this operon are involved in the degradation of salicylic acid. ...
Ghezzo Franco - - 2005
Epidemiological data suggest that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent colon cancer. The evidence for other types of tumour is less conclusive, though animal and in vitro studies indicate that they may be effective against mammary cancer cells. We assessed the effect of dietary acetylsalicylic and salicylic acid against dimethylbenzanthracene-induced rat tumours. ...
Maksyutova N N - - 2005
The effect of salicylic acid on the content of soluble proteins and individual polypeptides in Tatar buckwheat Fagopyrum tataricum calluses differing in ability for morphogenesis was studied. Changes in the protein composition of the calluses cultivated in the dark and in the light indicated the higher sensitivity of the non-morphogenic ...
Xu Lan - - 2005
A novel salicylate-selective electrode based on an organotin complex with a salicylal Schiff base of amino acid salicylaldehydeaminoacid-di-n-butyl-Sn(IV) [Sn(IV)-SAADB] as ionophore is described, which exhibits high selectivity for salicylate over many other common anions with an anti-Hofmeister selectivity sequence: Sal- >> PhCOO- > SCN- > Cl04- > I- > NO3- ...
Behra-Miellet J - - 2005
Faropenem, a new oral penem with broad spectrum activity, could be used as empirical treatment in infections due to unidentified anaerobes, but only a few investigations have been carried out on these bacteria. The aim of this study was to compare faropenem in vitro activity with that of positive antimicrobial ...
Jones T H - - 2005
The defensive chemistry of two species of ants from Brunei in the genus Crematogaster (Physocrema group) has been investigated. Ants in this group release a white secretion from hypertrophied metapleural glands on their thorax when they are disturbed. Previously, one species in this group has been shown to produce alkylphenols ...
Villa C - - 2005
Solid-liquid solvent-free phase transfer catalysis (PTC) and acidic catalysis in dry media were applied, with noticeable improvement and simplification over classical procedures in a Green Chemistry context, to the synthesis of some aromatic esters useful as cosmetic ingredients: 3-methylbutyl 4-methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 4-(dimethylamino)benzoate and 2-ethylhexyl salicylate, well-known ultraviolet B ...
Bashir S J - - 2005
Keratolytic efficacy of topical preparations containing salicylic acid was studied in humans utilizing adhesive tape stripping and quantifying SC removal by protein analysis. In combination with tape stripping, squamometry was used to evaluate the influence of salicylic acid on skin surface scaliness and desquamation. Furthermore, skin barrier perturbation and skin ...
Xu Lan - - 2005
A novel poly(vinyl chloride) membrane electrode with high selectivity toward salicylate (Sal-), based on the use of the salicylal-imino acid Schiff base dibenyl complex of Sn(IV) [Sn(IV)-SIADBen] as ionophore is described. The influence of lipophilic charged additives on the performance of the electrode was studied. The results suggested that Sn(IV)-SIADBen ...
Muraoka Sanae - - 2005
To clarify one mechanism of aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage, inactivation of creatine kinase (CK) by salicylic acid that is easily produced from aspirin in vivo was examined in the presence of lactoperoxidase (LPO) and H2O2 (LPO-H2O2). Salicylic acid inactivated CK (rabbit muscle) during its interaction with LPO-H2O2. CK activity in ...
Kikuchi Takayuki - - 2005
In order to investigate the effects of EDTA and boric acid (EDTA/boric acid) on the corneal penetration of CS-088, an ophthalmic agent, the apparent permeability coefficient of CS-088 in the presence of EDTA/boric acid across the isolated corneal membranes of rabbits was measured using an in vitro penetration chamber system. ...
Glazebrook Jane - - 2005
It has been suggested that effective defense against biotrophic pathogens is largely due to programmed cell death in the host, and to associated activation of defense responses regulated by the salicylic acid-dependent pathway. In contrast, necrotrophic pathogens benefit from host cell death, so they are not limited by cell death ...
Cartwright Andrew J - - 2005
Tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium propylamine bromide (TMPP) has been used for the derivatisation of maleic, fumaric, sorbic and salicylic acids to facilitate determination using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) in positive ion mode. Detection limits, achieved using multiple reaction monitoring mode, were 2, 4, 0.4 and 540 fmol (5 muL injection) ...
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