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Results 401 - 450 of 1391
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Behra-Miellet J - - 2006
Ertapenem activity in vitro was compared with that of nine reference antibiotics against 337 anaerobes by determining minimal inhibition concentrations (MICs). Amongst 246 Gram-negative anaerobes, 4, 8, 3, 4, 7, 2 and 52 strains showed resistance to ertapenem, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ticarcillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoxitin, imipenem and clindamycin, respectively, and all ...
Rohrbeck D - - 2006
The emission of fragrances can qualitatively and quantitatively differ in different parts of flowers. A detailed analysis was initiated to localize the floral tissues and cells which contribute to scent synthesis in STEPHANOTIS FLORIBUNDA (Asclepiadaceae) and NICOTIANA SUAVEOLENS (Solanaceae). The emission of scent compounds in these species is primarily found ...
Matús Peter - - 2006
Two methods utilizing the complexation of labile Al species by 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQN) and salicylic acid (SA) ligand groups were developed for aluminium operationally defined fractionation in acid soils. First, the solid phase extraction (SPE) procedure by a short-term ion-exchange batch reaction with chelating resins Iontosorb Oxin and Iontosorb Salicyl containing ...
Campanella L - - 2006
An enzymatic biosensor was developed for salicylic acid (salicylate ion) determined using a Clark type gas diffusion electrode and two enzymes (tyrosinase and salicylate hydroxylase) entrapped in a cellulose triacetate membrane. After optimization, the method was applied to the determination of salicylic acid in cow urine. Relatively good recoveries were ...
Halim V A - - 2006
Phytohormones are not only instrumental in regulating developmental processes in plants but also play important roles for the plant's responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In particular, abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid have been shown to possess crucial functions in mediating or orchestrating stress responses in plants. ...
Blanco Flavio Antonio - - 2006
The MAPK cascade is an evolutionary conserved signaling pathway that links external stimuli with cellular responses. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a DNA fragment corresponding to a Solanum tuberosum MAPK, StMPK1, was isolated. StMPK1 amino acid sequence displayed over 90% identity with tomato MPK1 (LeMPK1) and tobacco SIPK. Southern blot ...
Paterson John R - - 2006
This work was done to determine the salicylate content of a variety of commonly used spices and to assess whether this potential dietary source of salicylate was bioavailable. Spices, Indian cooked dishes, and blood and urine samples taken after ingestion of a test meal were investigated for their salicylate content ...
Mahdi J G - - 2006
For several millennia, the willow tree and salicin have been associated with salicylic acid, the key precursor molecule that has contributed to the discovery of acetylsalicylic acid, traded as aspirin. These molecules have been shown to possess phyto- and chemotherapeutic activities as analgesic drugs. In recent decades, aspirin has become ...
Karim Mohammad Mainul - - 2006
A new, simple and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of salicylic acid (lambda(ex)=315 nm, lambda(em) = 408 nm) using As(III) as a sensitizing reagent has been investigated by measuring the increase of fluorescence intensity of salicylic acid due to the complexation of As(III)-salicylic acid in presence of sodium dodecyl ...
Mammone Thomas - - 2006
Aspirin(acetyl salicylate) has long been used as an analgesic. Salicylic acid has been reported to have anti-inflammatory properties. These activities include inhibiting activity of cox-1, cox-2, and NF-kb. In addition, salicylic acid has also been shown in some systems to induce Hsp70. We have demonstrated that salicylic acid inhibits UVB-induced ...
Ullsten N Henrik - - 2006
The temperature window for the extrusion of glycerol-plasticized wheat gluten was increased by the use of salicylic acid, a known scorch retarder and radical scavenger. It was possible to extrude 30 wt % glycerol-wheat gluten films with a die-head temperature as high as 135 degrees C, rather than 95 degrees ...
Ahn Hyo Hyun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with skin of color demand treatment modality suitable for their skin. Salicylic acid peel has effectiveness for both of acne and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation that are common in patients with skin of color. OBJECTIVE: To assess the whitening effect of salicylic acid peels in Asian patients with acne objectively ...
Karabay Oguz - - 2006
We aimed to evaluate effect of acetylsalicylic acid on the prevalence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus. Patients were orally administered a prophylactic dose of acetylsalicylic acid and then were compared with control subjects. The prevalence of nasal carriage of S. aureus was significantly lower among patients who received acetylsalicylic ...
Terasaka Shunsuke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A novel biocompatible dural substitute created using fibrin glue and polyglycolic acid nonwoven fabric was examined for closing ability and histology. METHODS: A rabbit skin model of dural defect was repaired using fibrin glue-covered polyglycolic acid fabric without suture and subjected to a water leakage test to investigate closing ...
Gerber Minja - - 2006
The primary aim of this study was to determine the transdermal penetration of acetylsalicylic acid and some of its derivatives, to establish a correlation, if any, with selected physicochemical properties and to determine if transdermal application of acetylsalicylic acid and its derivatives will give therapeutic drug concentrations with respect to ...
Pruitt Valerie M - - 2006
Work-related upper extremity burns often occur. The cause directs the course of action. Thermal burns should be assessed for system alterations, and depth of burn should be determined. Deep partial-thickness burns and more severe burns require a specialist evaluation. Chemical burns must be irrigated and the agent identified. Some chemical ...
Kilani-Morakchi S - - 2006
In order to complete previous studies conducted on Blattella germanica, three insecticides from different groups were evaluated: boric acid, an inorganic compound, benfuracarb, a carbamate, and halofenozide, a non-steroidal ecdysone agonist. Boric acid (8.20%, LD50) and benfuracarb (2%, LD50) were incorporated into the diet and orally administrated to newly emerged ...
Ilknur Turna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies show that pulsed dye laser (PDL) has some clinical benefits on psoriasis with a low clearance rate. In addition, it has been suggested that applying keratolytics before treatment might be helpful in PDL therapy. Topical corticosteroids remain the most commonly prescribed agents for psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: This study was ...
Mateo Alfonso - - 2006
Sudden exposure of plants to high light (HL) leads to metabolic and physiological disruption of the photosynthetic cells. Changes in ROS content, adjustment of photosynthetic processes and the antioxidant pools and, ultimately, gene induction are essential components for a successful acclimation to the new light conditions. The influence of salicylic ...
Pasamontes A - - 2006
In this paper, we report on a method for quantifying clavulanic acid and amoxicillin simultaneously in pharmaceuticals using sequential injection analysis (SIA) with a diode-array spectrophotometric detector and multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares (MCR-ALS). We optimized the experimental parameters so that the analytical sequence could distinguish the concentrations ...
Fayos Joaquín - - 2006
Tomato plants infected with the citrus exocortis viroid exhibited strongly elevated levels of a compound identified as 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (gentisic acid, GA) 5-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside. The compound accumulated early in leaves expressing mild symptoms from both citrus exocortis viroid-infected tomato, and prunus necrotic ringspot virus-infected cucumber plants, and progressively accumulated concomitant with ...
Filella Iolanda - - 2006
Jasmonic acid (JA) is a signalling compound with a key role in both stress and development in plants, and is reported to elicit the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Here we studied the dynamics of such emissions and the linkage with photosynthetic rates and stomatal conductance. We sprayed JA ...
Lee Youngmi - - 2006
Arabidopsis leaves treated with simulated acid rain (SiAR) showed phenotypes similar to necrotic lesions caused by biotic stresses like Pseudomonad infiltration. Exposure of Arabidopsis to SiAR resulted in the up-regulation of genes known to be induced by the salicylic acid (SA)-mediated pathogen resistance response. The expression of enhanced disease susceptibility ...
Flammiger Anna - - 2006
Concentrated sulfuric acid causes severe skin injury. To prevent skin destruction, efficient early treatment is of utmost importance. However, regimens suggested in the literature are not always supported by experimental data. Further studies are needed. To improve early management of sulfuric acid burns, future experiments need careful extrapolation between animal ...
Niikawa Miki - - 2006
In our previous reports, aspirin, an antipyretic analgesic, suppressed the genotoxicity of mitomycin C (MMC) in a somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) in Drosophila melanogaster. In order to reveal the mechanism of the anti-genotoxicity of aspirin, we evaluated the suppressing ability of each aspirin metabolite, such as salicylic acid ...
González-Correa José Antonio - - 2006
Triflusal is a derivative of salicylic acid with a well-established platelet aggregation inhibitory profile. Its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties differ, however, somewhat from those of acetylsalicylic acid. A number of recent experimental and clinical studies have shown that triflusal is a potentially useful choice in the treatment and prophylaxis of ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2006
Increasing evidence suggests that heat acclimation and exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and abscisic acid (ABA) may lead to the enhancement of thermotolerance in plants. In this study, the roles that free SA, conjugated SA, ABA, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-specific phospholipase C (PLC) play in thermotolerance development induced by heat acclimation (38 ...
Silverman F Paul - - 2005
Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium; methylviologen) is a widely used, nonselective contact herbicide that rapidly stimulates free radical generation. It has been found that the addition of sodium salicylate (sodium 2-hydroxybenzoate; NaSA) to paraquat spray solutions significantly decreased herbicidal activity. This protection was observed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) regardless of whether NaSA was ...
Bellés José M - - 2006
In the present work we have studied the accumulation of gentisic acid (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, a metabolic derivative of salicylic acid, SA) in the plant-pathogen systems, Cucumis sativus and Gynura aurantiaca, infected with either prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) or the exocortis viroid (CEVd), respectively. Both pathogens produced systemic infections and ...
Gruber Michael - - 2006
For a microdialytic trapping method we systematically investigated changes in concentrations of 2,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid (2,5-DHBA) and 2,3-dihydroxy-benzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) in freshly prepared solutions of salicylic acid (SA). The solvent was 0.9% saline exposed to different atmospheric concentrations of oxygen (0, 21, and 100%). The solutions were treated by freezing-thawing and ...
van Oijen Martijn G H - - 2005
As acetylsalicylic acid is metabolized by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 (UGT1A6) and cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9), interindividual differences in activity of these enzymes may modulate the effects and side-effects of acetylsalicylic acid. The objective of this study was to assess whether polymorphisms in UGT1A6 and CYP2C9 genes are related to the prevalence ...
Loffredo Elisabetta - - 2005
The capacity of a leonardite humic acid (LHA), a soil humic acid (SHA), and a soil fulvic acid (SFA) in modulating the allelopathic potential of caffeic acid (CA), ferulic acid (FA), and salicylic acid (SA) on seedlings of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) was investigated. Lettuce ...
Maharaj H - - 2006
The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) has been extensively researched due to its selective toxicity to dopaminergic neurons. Mitochondrial dysfunction which is common in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD), has been widely implicated in MPP+-induced toxicity. MPP+-induced mitochondrial dysfunction is believed to result in the generation of free radicals. This ...
van der Merwe Johannes A - - 2006
An inducer of acquired disease resistance in plants, benzo (1,2,3) thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester, exhibited direct, concentration-dependent inhibition of the NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity of complex I of the mitochondrial electron transport chain of cultured tobacco cells. The complex I activity was less sensitive to inhibition by salicylic acid, an endogenous ...
Tada Daisuke - - 2005
Albumin is the major plasma protein and acts as a physiological carrier for various compounds including drugs. To take advantage of the drug-binding ability of albumin for a drug delivery system, we have prepared hydrogels consisting of acrylamide (AAm) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) by introducing three to four vinyl ...
Kuehl Gwendolyn E GE Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 100 Fairview Ave N, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2006
Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is a common nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used for treatment of pain and arthritis. In the body, acetylsalicylic acid is rapidly deacetylated to form salicylic acid. Both compounds have been proposed as anti-inflammatory agents. Major metabolites of salicylic acid are its acyl and phenolic glucuronide conjugates. Formation of ...
Kubota Masaharu - - 2006
Increased amounts of salicylic acid (SA) were detected in the roots and hypocotyl of cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus) using high-performance liquid chromatography following inoculation of the leaves with the anthracnose pathogen, Colletotrichum lagenarium. The concentrations of SA in the internodes immediately below the infected leaves increased to more than 1microg/g ...
Negoro Munetaka - - 2005
The interaction of acetylsalicylic acid with alcohol dehydrogenase was investigated. Horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase bound to a p-hydroxyacetophenone affinity column was eluted by acetylsalicylic acid. In vitro enzymatic activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in the presence of ethanol as a substrate was significantly increased by incubation with acetylsalicylic acid. These results ...
Crispino P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is the main reason of failure for H. pylori eradication and beta-lactamases produced by resistant H. pylori strains is a possible mechanism underlying ineffectiveness of an amoxycillin-based triple therapy. AIM: To investigate the benefit of using clavulanic acid associated with amoxycillin compared with amoxycillin alone in a ...
Giannini E G - - 2005
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. The main risk factors for colorectal cancer are not suitable targets for therapeutic intervention, and primary chemoprevention is an intriguing therapeutic option. The analogies between acetyl-salicylic acid and 5-amino-salicylic acid, and the results obtained by using acetyl-salicylic ...
Drew Janice E - - 2005
Oxidative stress is a characteristic of cancerous colon tissue and inflammatory bowel diseases that increase colon cancer risk. Epidemiological evidence supports a protective effect of plant-derived compounds. Aspirin is also protective against colon cancer. The mechanism of action is unclear although salicylic acid, the main metabolite of aspirin, has been ...
Tian Shiping - - 2006
Pear fruit (Pyrus pyrifolia L. cv. Yali) treated by different elicitors, such as salicylic acid (SA), oxalic acid, calcium chloride, and antagonistic yeast Cryptococcus laurentii, were investigated to determine the induction of defense responses. The possible mechanism by which elicitors induced the resistance of pear fruit against postharvest disease was ...
Turner Ronald B - - 2005
Rhinovirus infections are associated with substantial morbidity and economic cost. The available common cold remedies are of limited utility and specific antiviral approaches have been unsuccessful. Viral contamination of the hands appears to play an important role in the transmission of rhinovirus from person-to-person. Interruption of this step in transmission ...
Corazzi Teresa - - 2005
Benzoic acid, 2-(acetyl-oxy)-3-[(nitrooxy)methyl]phenyl ester (NCX 4016), a new drug made by an aspirin molecule linked, through a spacer, to a nitric oxide (NO)-donating moiety, is now under clinical testing for the treatment of atherothrombotic conditions. Aspirin exerts its antithrombotic activity by irreversibly inactivating platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1. NCX 4016 in vivo ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Scalp pruritus is a common condition causing dermatologic distress. The presence of skin scale on clothing is cosmetically undesirable and scalp scratching in public is socially embarrassing. Scratching can also result in removal of the cuticle and premature hair shaft fracture. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of 3% salicylic ...
Sádecká J - - 2005
Non-ionic surfactant (Brij 35, Tween 20, Tween 80 and Tergitol NPX) modified capillary isotachophoresis was investigated for the separation of 2-arylpropionic acids (fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen) and benzoic acid and its derivatives (salicylic, acetylsalicylic and gallic acids). The relative step height (RSH) values of analytes were found to ...
Kikuchi Takayuki - - 2005
This study was conducted to clarify the penetration properties of 4-[1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl]-2-propyl-1-[4-[2-[tetrazole-5-yl]phenyl]phenyl]methylimidazole-5-carboxylic acid monohydrate (CS-088), an ophthalmic agent, and the mechanism of the permeability-enhancing effect of EDTA and boric acid (EDTA/boric acid) on the corneal penetration of CS-088. In the absence of additives, corneal permeability decreased with increasing concentration of CS-088 ...
Hamiduzzaman Mollah Md - - 2005
beta-Aminobutyric acid (BABA) was used to induce resistance in grapevine (Vitis vinifera) against downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola). This led to a strong reduction of mycelial growth and sporulation in the susceptible cv. Chasselas. Comparing different inducers, the best protection was achieved with BABA followed by jasmonic acid (JA), whereas benzo ...
Koeduka Takao - - 2005
Plant fatty acid alpha-dioxygenases (DOXs) catalyze the stereospecific conversion of fatty acids into the corresponding (R)-2-hydroperoxy fatty acids. In several plant species the corresponding gene was shown to be induced by pathogen infection, herbivore attack and environmental stresses. The precise signaling pathway accountable for the induction remains unidentified. In the ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2006
The relationship between the accumulation in endogenous free salicylic acid (SA) induced by heat acclimation (37 degrees C) and the activity of PIP(2)-phospholipase C (PIP(2)-PLC; EC 3.1.4.3) in the plasma membrane fraction was investigated in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves. We focused our attention on the hypothesis that positive SA ...
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