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Results 351 - 400 of 1396
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Chen Yu Y University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2007
In vivo, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is rapidly deacetylated to form salicylic acid, which then undergoes primary or secondary glucuronidation catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). The variant UGT1A6*2 (T181A, R184S) is associated with altered enzyme function. Our objective was to compare salicylic acid glucuronidation in individuals with different UGT1A6 genotypes. Following orally ...
Saudagar Parag S - - 2008
Clavulanic acid, a naturally occurring powerful inhibitor of bacterial beta-lactamases, is produced by Streptomyces clavuligerus. The high void volume, permeability, and low cost of fibrous matrices prompted the use of Luffa cylindrica as a matrix for the immobilization of S. clavuligerus for the production of clavulanic acid. Immobilization of S. ...
Lee Jin Hyung - - 2007
The recombinant bioluminescent bacterium, DNT5, containing a nagR-nagAa::luxCDABE fusion, was tested in a multi-channel continuous monitoring system to evaluate its ability to detect benzoic acid derivatives. Seven chemicals, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, 2,5-dihydroxy benzoic acid, 3,5-dihydroxy benzoic acid, benzene, naphthalene and phenol, were used to characterize the responses of DNT5. ...
Celik Z Ceylan - - 2008
In this study, the removal of boric acid from aqueous solution by activated carbon impregnated with salicylic acid was studied in batch system. pH, adsorbent amount, initial boron concentration, temperature, shaking rate and salicylic acid film thickness were chosen as parameters. Boron removal efficiencies increased with increasing adsorbent amount, temperature ...
Kilaru Aruna - - 2007
Moniliophthora perniciosa is the causative agent of witches' broom disease in Theobroma cacao. Exogenously provided abscisic acid (ABA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), jasmonic acid (JA), and salicylic acid (SA) promoted mycelial growth, suggesting the ability of the pathogen to metabolize plant hormones. ABA, IAA, JA, and SA were found endogenously in ...
Muzíková J - - 2007
The paper deals with the evaluation of tablets from the mixtures of directly compressible starch Starch 1500 and directly compressible lactitol Lacty-Tab in a ratio of 3:1 and 1:1. The examination included the tensile strength and disintegration time of tablets in dependence on compression force, addition of two concentrations of ...
Morse Alison M - - 2007
Metabolic profiling was used to investigate the molecular phenotypes of a transgenic Populus tremula x P. alba hybrid expressing the nahG transgene, a bacterial gene encoding salicylate hydroxylase that converts salicylic acid to catechol. Despite the efficacy of this transgenic approach to reduce salicylic acid levels in other model systems ...
Lim Byung-Chul - - 2007
An L-arabinose isomerase mutant enzyme from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans was used to catalyze the isomerization of D-galactose to D-tagatose with boric acid. Maximum production of D-tagatose occurred at pH 8.5-9.0, 60 degrees C, and 0.4 molar ratio of boric acid to D-galactose, and the production increased with increasing enzyme concentration. Under ...
Ruiz-Sanchez Esau - - 2007
The organic anion salicylate is a plant secondary metabolite that protects plants against phytophagous insects. In this study, a combination of salicylate-selective microelectrodes and a radioisotope tracer technique was used to study the transepithelial transport of salicylate by the Malpighian tubules of 10 species of insects from five orders. Our ...
Liu Longxiao - - 2008
A method for the preparation of monolithic osmotic pump tablet was obtained by modulating atenolol solubility with acid. Tartaric acid was used as solubility promoter, sodium chloride as osmotic agent and polyvinyl pyrrolidone as retardant agent. Ethyl cellulose was employed as semipermeable membrane containing polyethylene glycol 400 as plasticizer. The ...
Tseng Mei-Hwei - - 2007
Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. and Zucc. var. formosana (Hayata) Rehder is the dominant species in the temperate forest of Yuanyang Lake Nature Reserve (YYL), Taiwan. Although downed logs of C. obstusa var. formosana occupy only a small percentage of the forest floor area in YYL, they are important regeneration substrates. Seedlings ...
Humphrey Clinton D - - 2007
Static facial suspension (SFS) continues to play a role for rehabilitation in patients with facial paralysis. We perform SFS almost exclusively with a suture technique in our practice. Monofilament polypropylene suture (Prolene) is commonly used for SFS, but we have witnessed occasional failure and some stretching with this material. The ...
Dabbagh Hossein A - - 2008
We present a detailed analysis of the structural, infrared spectra and visible spectra of a series of azo dyes preparation of salicylic acid and 2,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid derivatives as the coupling component. The preparation of these azo dyes with salicylic acid and 2,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid derivatives (salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, ...
Salvo Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To analyse an Italian database of spontaneous reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions in order to compare the safety profile of amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the spontaneous reports collected by six Italian regions (the GIF database) from January 1988 to June 2005. Drug utilization ...
Echevarría-Machado Ileana - - 2007
Catharanthus roseus transformed roots were cultured in the presence of salicylic acid (SA) at concentrations between 0.1 fM and 100 pM and the effect on root growth was evaluated. Significant morphological changes in the lateral roots were recorded on day two in the SA treatment. Presence of SA increased root ...
Khattar Joe A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Warts are a common dermatologic problem. Treatment is painful, prolonged, and can cause scarring. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate topical zinc oxide for the treatment of warts. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of 44 patients. Twenty-two patients were given topical zinc oxide 20% ointment, and the other 22 ...
Majumdar Mrityunjoy - - 2007
The frontal leaves of Tectona grandis (Verabinaceae) are widely used in the folklore for the treatment of various kinds of wounds, especially burn wound. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of hydrochloric extract of Tectona grandis on experimentally induced wounds in rats and compare the effects ...
Chandra A - - 2007
Effects of salicylic acid (SA) on seed germination, seedling growth, flowering and biochemical activities were studied out in four cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) genotypes in control environments. The results revealed that both germination and seedling growth were negatively affected by 0.02%. SA application, however did not affect the size of full ...
Dogrul Ahmet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: While many preclinical models detect the analgesic activity of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the radiant heat tail-flick response has repeatedly been insensitive to this class of drugs. As the tail-flick test involves nociceptive processing at spinal circuits with supraspinal modulation, it seems reasonable to assume that the NSAIDs should ...
Ghani Samuel - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of facial movement is necessary for the assessment of motor deficits and planning reconstructive surgery in facial burns. Clinicians recognise the need for an accurate and reproducible method of functional assessment. We propose a new facial functional impairment index (FFII) for assessing facial motor dysfunction due to severe ...
Duy Nguyen Van - - 2007
Phenolic acids that are present in plant-soil ecosystems can be considered as toxins which induce specific stress responses in microorganisms. In this paper, we have analyzed the global response of the soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis to salicylic acid using proteomics and transcriptomics. The results demonstrate that salicylic acid caused predominantly ...
Saint-Léger Didier - - 2007
The hydroxy acids are widely used in skin creams because of their exfoliating and rejuvenating effect on photoaged skin. As a member of this family, the salicylic acid derivative known in the literature as 2-hydroxy-5-octanoyl benzoic acid or beta-lipohydroxy acid has also been proposed as an exfoliant and as a ...
Tooker John F - - 2007
Jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) are key molecules in the initiation of plant defensive responses to attack by herbivores and pathogens, respectively. Our previous work has shown that JA occurs at high concentrations in eggs and neonates of lepidopteran species. Here, we extend our analyses to eggs of ...
Amzalek Esther - - 2007
ABSTRACT Four inducers of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) were examined for their efficacy in controlling rust infection caused by Puccinia helianthi in sunflower plants. Of the four compounds, DL-3-amino-n-butanoic acid (DL-beta-aminobutyric acid [BABA]) was the most effective and sodium salicylate (NaSA) was the least effective in protecting against rust. In ...
Niikawa Miki - - 2007
In our previous paper, we found that aspirin suppressed in a somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) of mitomycin C (MMC) in Drosophila melanogaster. In order to reveal the mechanism of bio-antimutagenicity and/or preventive effect of aspirin, we evaluated the suppressive ability of each aspirin metabolite, such as salicylic acid ...
Ren Chen - - 2007
Simultaneous metabolic labeling of cells with multiple amino acids combined with acetic acid urea-PAGE and MS was used to characterize histones in Kasumi-1 cells treated with the histone deacetylase inhibitor depsipeptide (DDP). The approach allowed for rapid targeting, identification, and subsequent characterization of peptides containing sites of acetylation or methylation. ...
Huang Qiang - - 2007
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an unconventional frontline tuberculosis drug characterized by high in vivo sterilizing activity, but poor in vitro activity. The study on the mechanism of action of PZA has attracted significant attention because of the peculiarity of PZA and its ability to shorten the tuberculosis chemotherapy. In this study, ...
Trögl J - - 2007
Pseudomonasfluorescens HK44 is a lux-based bioluminescent bioreporter capable of selective luminescence in the presence of naphthalene and/or salicylic acid intermediate of its metabolism. We attempted to induce bioluminescence (BL) in this strain with 72 compounds, viz. substituted naphthalenes, naphthalene-like compounds (e.g., quinoline), substituted salicylic acids, salicylic acid-like compounds (e.g., 2-anthranilic ...
Shroff Rohit - - 2007
Free 9-aminoacridine base is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix for negative mode matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric (MALDI-TOFMS) analysis of a wide range of low molecular weight organic acids including aliphatic (from acetic to palmitic acid), aromatic acids, phytohormones (e.g. jasmonic and salicylic acids), and amino acids. Low ...
Alam Mohd Aftab - - 2007
An acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet was developed for the treatment of genitourinary tract infections. From the bioadhesion experiment and release studies it was found that polycarbophil and sodium carboxymethylcellulose is a good combination for an acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet. Sodium monocitrate was used as a buffering agent to provide acidic ...
González de Olano D - - 2007
Allergic reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics have been reported frequently and may occur because of sensitization to unique haptens or to determinants shared with other drugs. A woman who received 1 tablet of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid developed wheals and flares although she had previously tolerated the same preparation well. Levels of specific ...
Effron Cheryl - - 2007
Nonablative lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels are cosmetic rejuvenation techniques used to remodel skin and provide improved skin texture, firmness, and even pigmentation. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid that can be used as a topical skin peel to provide important complementary benefits to nonablative ...
Rendon Marta I - - 2007
There are many procedures that a physician may utilize to improve the appearance and quality of the skin. Combining procedures can enhance the overall result and lead to increased patient satisfaction. Thus, it is important to choose procedures that will complement each other. Fillers or botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) ...
Naderi Amir Said Alizadeh - - 2006
There is little published experience with the extracorporeal treatment of boric acid overdose, although the pharmacokinetic properties of boric acid suggest a potential role for hemodialysis. We report a rare case of potentially toxic boric acid overdose that was treated successfully with hemodialysis. Based on our experience in this patient ...
Berger Susanne - - 2007
Pathogen infection leads to defence induction as well as to changes in carbohydrate metabolism of plants. Salicylic acid and oxylipins are involved in the induction of defence, but it is not known if these signalling molecules also mediate changes in carbohydrate metabolism. In this study, the effect of application of ...
De Beer T R M - - 2007
A second order polynomial calibration model was developed and statistically validated for the direct and non-destructive quantitative analysis - without sample preparation - of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) salicylic acid in a pharmaceutical ointment using FT-Raman spectroscopy. The calibration curve was modeled by plotting the peak intensity of the ...
Yener Gülgün - - 2006
Glycolic acid is a member of the AHA family, which occurs naturally in foods and has been used for centuries as a cutaneous rejuvenation treatment. It is used in many cosmetic products as an exfoliant and moisturizer. When glycolic acid is used in greater amounts, however, there are greater cosmetic ...
Song Jong Tae - - 2006
Endogenous salicylic acid (SA) and its predominant conjugates, SA 2-O-beta-D-glucoside (SAG) and the glucose ester of SA (SGE), increase dramatically during plant defense responses. Here I report the isolation and characterization of an Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-glucose:SA glucosyltransferase1 (AtSGT1) gene using a tobacco SGT gene previously reported, whose product catalyzes the ...
Coelho Euricléia Gomes - - 2007
The species of the genus Palicourea (Rubiaceae family) is well-known for its toxicity towards animals, particularly livestock. This work reports the occurrence of skin irritation during the manipulation of Palicourea longiflora, considering the prevalence of the monofluoracetic acid (MFAA) and another toxic compound: methyl salicylate. The MFAA was identified by ...
Arrojo S - - 2007
The generation of OH* radicals inside hydrodynamic cavitation bubbles was monitored using a salicylic acid dosimeter. The reaction of this scavenger with OH* produces 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB) and, to a lesser degree, 2,3-DHB. The former, is a specific reaction product that can be determined with a very high sensitivity using ...
Alan Barber F - - 2006
Arthroscopic surgery requires appropriate surgical implants for effective fixation of tendons and ligaments to bone. Biodegradable suture anchors are being used with increasing frequency for various procedures in sports medicine. As companions to these biodegradable suture anchors, new sutures have been developed which possess greater strength and different material properties ...
Zakopoulou N - - 2006
Superficial chemical peeling (SCP) involves the application of a peeling agent to the skin, resulting in destruction of part or all of the epidermis. SCP is mainly recommended for facial rejuvenation, photoaging and superficial rhytides, pigmentary dyschromias and acne. It can be used on all Fitzpatrick skin types, no sedation ...
Xue Rui-De - - 2006
Boric acid (1%) in 5% sugar water bait solution was applied as a spray to the foliage, stems, and other surfaces of plants for control of adult Aedes albopictus, Culex nigripalpus, and Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus. Initial studies outdoors in small (1.42-m3) screened cages showed that exposure of male and female mosquitoes ...
Chen Xinwei - - 2006
SUMMARY Fusarium graminearum causes fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat and other cereals. Resistance of wheat to FHB is incomplete and the defence mechanisms involved are poorly understood owing to the complex genome and long life cycle of the host. A robust and reproducible bioassay system was established for the ...
Karim Mohammad Mainul - - 2006
A sensitive, rapid, and specific assay has been developed for the simultaneous determination of acetylsalicylic acid and caffeine in commercial tablets based on their natural fluorescence. The mixture of these drugs was resolved by first derivative synchronous fluorimetric technique using two scans. At Deltalambda=106 nm, using first derivative synchronous scanning, ...
Bhattacharya Indranil - - 2006
Recreational abuse or overdose of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) results in dose-dependent central nervous system (CNS) effects including death. As GHB undergoes monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT)-mediated transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), one possible strategy for the management of GHB toxicity/overdose involves inhibition of GHB BBB transport. To test this strategy, ...
Friberg Stig E - - 2006
The colloidal structures of beta carboxylic acid topical vesicle formulations were determined and the changes during evaporation after applications were estimated from phase diagrams. The results showed significant difference during evaporation between salicylic acid on one hand and three water soluble acids; malic, tartaric, and citric acid, on the other. ...
Nath R - - 2006
Supercooled liquid and glassy acetylsalicylic acid was studied using dielectric spectroscopy and deuteron relaxometry in a wide temperature range. The supercooled liquid is characterized by major deviations from thermally activated behavior. In the glass the secondary relaxation exhibits the typical features of a Johari-Goldstein process. Via measurements of spin-lattice relaxation ...
Dohar Joseph - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was a comparison of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension to oral amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension in children with acute otitis media with otorrhea through tympanostomy tubes. METHODS: This was a randomized, observer-masked, parallel-group, multicenter trial of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension versus amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension in 80 children aged 6 ...
Oosterkamp H M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Familial cylindromatosis is a rare genetic disorder, giving rise to neoplasms of the skin appendages. We have recently shown that loss of the cylindromatosis tumour suppressor gene leads to activation of NF-kappaB, a transcription factor having antiapoptotic activity. This provides a possible explanation for the deregulated growth of cylindromas. ...
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