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Results 351 - 400 of 1383
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Salvo Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To analyse an Italian database of spontaneous reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions in order to compare the safety profile of amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the spontaneous reports collected by six Italian regions (the GIF database) from January 1988 to June 2005. Drug utilization ...
Echevarría-Machado Ileana - - 2007
Catharanthus roseus transformed roots were cultured in the presence of salicylic acid (SA) at concentrations between 0.1 fM and 100 pM and the effect on root growth was evaluated. Significant morphological changes in the lateral roots were recorded on day two in the SA treatment. Presence of SA increased root ...
Khattar Joe A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Warts are a common dermatologic problem. Treatment is painful, prolonged, and can cause scarring. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate topical zinc oxide for the treatment of warts. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of 44 patients. Twenty-two patients were given topical zinc oxide 20% ointment, and the other 22 ...
Majumdar Mrityunjoy - - 2007
The frontal leaves of Tectona grandis (Verabinaceae) are widely used in the folklore for the treatment of various kinds of wounds, especially burn wound. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of hydrochloric extract of Tectona grandis on experimentally induced wounds in rats and compare the effects ...
Chandra A - - 2007
Effects of salicylic acid (SA) on seed germination, seedling growth, flowering and biochemical activities were studied out in four cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) genotypes in control environments. The results revealed that both germination and seedling growth were negatively affected by 0.02%. SA application, however did not affect the size of full ...
Dogrul Ahmet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: While many preclinical models detect the analgesic activity of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the radiant heat tail-flick response has repeatedly been insensitive to this class of drugs. As the tail-flick test involves nociceptive processing at spinal circuits with supraspinal modulation, it seems reasonable to assume that the NSAIDs should ...
Ghani Samuel - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of facial movement is necessary for the assessment of motor deficits and planning reconstructive surgery in facial burns. Clinicians recognise the need for an accurate and reproducible method of functional assessment. We propose a new facial functional impairment index (FFII) for assessing facial motor dysfunction due to severe ...
Duy Nguyen Van - - 2007
Phenolic acids that are present in plant-soil ecosystems can be considered as toxins which induce specific stress responses in microorganisms. In this paper, we have analyzed the global response of the soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis to salicylic acid using proteomics and transcriptomics. The results demonstrate that salicylic acid caused predominantly ...
Saint-Léger Didier - - 2007
The hydroxy acids are widely used in skin creams because of their exfoliating and rejuvenating effect on photoaged skin. As a member of this family, the salicylic acid derivative known in the literature as 2-hydroxy-5-octanoyl benzoic acid or beta-lipohydroxy acid has also been proposed as an exfoliant and as a ...
Tooker John F - - 2007
Jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) are key molecules in the initiation of plant defensive responses to attack by herbivores and pathogens, respectively. Our previous work has shown that JA occurs at high concentrations in eggs and neonates of lepidopteran species. Here, we extend our analyses to eggs of ...
Amzalek Esther - - 2007
ABSTRACT Four inducers of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) were examined for their efficacy in controlling rust infection caused by Puccinia helianthi in sunflower plants. Of the four compounds, DL-3-amino-n-butanoic acid (DL-beta-aminobutyric acid [BABA]) was the most effective and sodium salicylate (NaSA) was the least effective in protecting against rust. In ...
Niikawa Miki - - 2007
In our previous paper, we found that aspirin suppressed in a somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) of mitomycin C (MMC) in Drosophila melanogaster. In order to reveal the mechanism of bio-antimutagenicity and/or preventive effect of aspirin, we evaluated the suppressive ability of each aspirin metabolite, such as salicylic acid ...
Ren Chen - - 2007
Simultaneous metabolic labeling of cells with multiple amino acids combined with acetic acid urea-PAGE and MS was used to characterize histones in Kasumi-1 cells treated with the histone deacetylase inhibitor depsipeptide (DDP). The approach allowed for rapid targeting, identification, and subsequent characterization of peptides containing sites of acetylation or methylation. ...
Huang Qiang - - 2007
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an unconventional frontline tuberculosis drug characterized by high in vivo sterilizing activity, but poor in vitro activity. The study on the mechanism of action of PZA has attracted significant attention because of the peculiarity of PZA and its ability to shorten the tuberculosis chemotherapy. In this study, ...
Trögl J - - 2007
Pseudomonasfluorescens HK44 is a lux-based bioluminescent bioreporter capable of selective luminescence in the presence of naphthalene and/or salicylic acid intermediate of its metabolism. We attempted to induce bioluminescence (BL) in this strain with 72 compounds, viz. substituted naphthalenes, naphthalene-like compounds (e.g., quinoline), substituted salicylic acids, salicylic acid-like compounds (e.g., 2-anthranilic ...
Shroff Rohit - - 2007
Free 9-aminoacridine base is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix for negative mode matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric (MALDI-TOFMS) analysis of a wide range of low molecular weight organic acids including aliphatic (from acetic to palmitic acid), aromatic acids, phytohormones (e.g. jasmonic and salicylic acids), and amino acids. Low ...
Alam Mohd Aftab - - 2007
An acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet was developed for the treatment of genitourinary tract infections. From the bioadhesion experiment and release studies it was found that polycarbophil and sodium carboxymethylcellulose is a good combination for an acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet. Sodium monocitrate was used as a buffering agent to provide acidic ...
González de Olano D - - 2007
Allergic reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics have been reported frequently and may occur because of sensitization to unique haptens or to determinants shared with other drugs. A woman who received 1 tablet of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid developed wheals and flares although she had previously tolerated the same preparation well. Levels of specific ...
Effron Cheryl - - 2007
Nonablative lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels are cosmetic rejuvenation techniques used to remodel skin and provide improved skin texture, firmness, and even pigmentation. Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid that can be used as a topical skin peel to provide important complementary benefits to nonablative ...
Rendon Marta I - - 2007
There are many procedures that a physician may utilize to improve the appearance and quality of the skin. Combining procedures can enhance the overall result and lead to increased patient satisfaction. Thus, it is important to choose procedures that will complement each other. Fillers or botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) ...
Naderi Amir Said Alizadeh - - 2006
There is little published experience with the extracorporeal treatment of boric acid overdose, although the pharmacokinetic properties of boric acid suggest a potential role for hemodialysis. We report a rare case of potentially toxic boric acid overdose that was treated successfully with hemodialysis. Based on our experience in this patient ...
Berger Susanne - - 2007
Pathogen infection leads to defence induction as well as to changes in carbohydrate metabolism of plants. Salicylic acid and oxylipins are involved in the induction of defence, but it is not known if these signalling molecules also mediate changes in carbohydrate metabolism. In this study, the effect of application of ...
De Beer T R M - - 2007
A second order polynomial calibration model was developed and statistically validated for the direct and non-destructive quantitative analysis - without sample preparation - of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) salicylic acid in a pharmaceutical ointment using FT-Raman spectroscopy. The calibration curve was modeled by plotting the peak intensity of the ...
Yener Gülgün - - 2006
Glycolic acid is a member of the AHA family, which occurs naturally in foods and has been used for centuries as a cutaneous rejuvenation treatment. It is used in many cosmetic products as an exfoliant and moisturizer. When glycolic acid is used in greater amounts, however, there are greater cosmetic ...
Song Jong Tae - - 2006
Endogenous salicylic acid (SA) and its predominant conjugates, SA 2-O-beta-D-glucoside (SAG) and the glucose ester of SA (SGE), increase dramatically during plant defense responses. Here I report the isolation and characterization of an Arabidopsis thaliana UDP-glucose:SA glucosyltransferase1 (AtSGT1) gene using a tobacco SGT gene previously reported, whose product catalyzes the ...
Coelho Euricléia Gomes - - 2007
The species of the genus Palicourea (Rubiaceae family) is well-known for its toxicity towards animals, particularly livestock. This work reports the occurrence of skin irritation during the manipulation of Palicourea longiflora, considering the prevalence of the monofluoracetic acid (MFAA) and another toxic compound: methyl salicylate. The MFAA was identified by ...
Arrojo S - - 2007
The generation of OH* radicals inside hydrodynamic cavitation bubbles was monitored using a salicylic acid dosimeter. The reaction of this scavenger with OH* produces 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB) and, to a lesser degree, 2,3-DHB. The former, is a specific reaction product that can be determined with a very high sensitivity using ...
Alan Barber F - - 2006
Arthroscopic surgery requires appropriate surgical implants for effective fixation of tendons and ligaments to bone. Biodegradable suture anchors are being used with increasing frequency for various procedures in sports medicine. As companions to these biodegradable suture anchors, new sutures have been developed which possess greater strength and different material properties ...
Zakopoulou N - - 2006
Superficial chemical peeling (SCP) involves the application of a peeling agent to the skin, resulting in destruction of part or all of the epidermis. SCP is mainly recommended for facial rejuvenation, photoaging and superficial rhytides, pigmentary dyschromias and acne. It can be used on all Fitzpatrick skin types, no sedation ...
Xue Rui-De - - 2006
Boric acid (1%) in 5% sugar water bait solution was applied as a spray to the foliage, stems, and other surfaces of plants for control of adult Aedes albopictus, Culex nigripalpus, and Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus. Initial studies outdoors in small (1.42-m3) screened cages showed that exposure of male and female mosquitoes ...
Chen Xinwei - - 2006
SUMMARY Fusarium graminearum causes fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat and other cereals. Resistance of wheat to FHB is incomplete and the defence mechanisms involved are poorly understood owing to the complex genome and long life cycle of the host. A robust and reproducible bioassay system was established for the ...
Karim Mohammad Mainul - - 2006
A sensitive, rapid, and specific assay has been developed for the simultaneous determination of acetylsalicylic acid and caffeine in commercial tablets based on their natural fluorescence. The mixture of these drugs was resolved by first derivative synchronous fluorimetric technique using two scans. At Deltalambda=106 nm, using first derivative synchronous scanning, ...
Bhattacharya Indranil - - 2006
Recreational abuse or overdose of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) results in dose-dependent central nervous system (CNS) effects including death. As GHB undergoes monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT)-mediated transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), one possible strategy for the management of GHB toxicity/overdose involves inhibition of GHB BBB transport. To test this strategy, ...
Friberg Stig E - - 2006
The colloidal structures of beta carboxylic acid topical vesicle formulations were determined and the changes during evaporation after applications were estimated from phase diagrams. The results showed significant difference during evaporation between salicylic acid on one hand and three water soluble acids; malic, tartaric, and citric acid, on the other. ...
Nath R - - 2006
Supercooled liquid and glassy acetylsalicylic acid was studied using dielectric spectroscopy and deuteron relaxometry in a wide temperature range. The supercooled liquid is characterized by major deviations from thermally activated behavior. In the glass the secondary relaxation exhibits the typical features of a Johari-Goldstein process. Via measurements of spin-lattice relaxation ...
Dohar Joseph - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was a comparison of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension to oral amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension in children with acute otitis media with otorrhea through tympanostomy tubes. METHODS: This was a randomized, observer-masked, parallel-group, multicenter trial of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone otic suspension versus amoxicillin/clavulanic acid suspension in 80 children aged 6 ...
Oosterkamp H M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Familial cylindromatosis is a rare genetic disorder, giving rise to neoplasms of the skin appendages. We have recently shown that loss of the cylindromatosis tumour suppressor gene leads to activation of NF-kappaB, a transcription factor having antiapoptotic activity. This provides a possible explanation for the deregulated growth of cylindromas. ...
Santanam Nalini - - 2007
Paraoxonase 1 (PON 1) is an enzyme that is promiscuous in its ability to hydrolyze various types of substrates. It hydrolyzes aryl esters, phosphate esters, lactones, and reduces lipid peroxides to hydroxides. Aspirin is an aryl ester with a short plasma half life. We hypothesized that aspirin would be effectively ...
Yu Zhen-Zhen - - 2006
Addition of 20 muM salicylic acid to Saussurea medusa cell cultures at day 6 resulted in jaceosidin and syringin productions up to 95 mg l(-1 )and 631 mg l(-1) which were, respectively, about 2.5- and 2.7-fold higher than in the control. The biomass was increased from 8 to 12 g ...
Ruiz-Sanchez Esau - - 2006
The organic anion salicylate is a plant secondary metabolite that can protect plants against herbivores. Transport of salicylate across the basolateral membrane of the Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster was studied using a radioisotope tracer technique. The uptake of [(14)C]salicylate by the Malpighian tubules was active, saturable and Na(+)-dependent; the ...
Yang Min - - 2007
It has been found that salicylic acid can be removal effectively at the lower temperature of 140 degrees C on perovskite-type oxide LaFeO3 catalyst in the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) process. Under the same condition, the activities for the CWAO of phenol, benzoic acid and sulfonic salicylic acid have ...
Andreozzi R - - 2006
Runaway phenomena and thermal explosions can originate during the nitration of salicylic acid by means of a nitric acid/acetic acid mixture when the thermal control is lost, mainly as a result of the formation and thermal decomposition of picric acid. The prediction of the behaviour of this system is thus ...
Behra-Miellet J - - 2006
Ertapenem activity in vitro was compared with that of nine reference antibiotics against 337 anaerobes by determining minimal inhibition concentrations (MICs). Amongst 246 Gram-negative anaerobes, 4, 8, 3, 4, 7, 2 and 52 strains showed resistance to ertapenem, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ticarcillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoxitin, imipenem and clindamycin, respectively, and all ...
Rohrbeck D - - 2006
The emission of fragrances can qualitatively and quantitatively differ in different parts of flowers. A detailed analysis was initiated to localize the floral tissues and cells which contribute to scent synthesis in STEPHANOTIS FLORIBUNDA (Asclepiadaceae) and NICOTIANA SUAVEOLENS (Solanaceae). The emission of scent compounds in these species is primarily found ...
Matús Peter - - 2006
Two methods utilizing the complexation of labile Al species by 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQN) and salicylic acid (SA) ligand groups were developed for aluminium operationally defined fractionation in acid soils. First, the solid phase extraction (SPE) procedure by a short-term ion-exchange batch reaction with chelating resins Iontosorb Oxin and Iontosorb Salicyl containing ...
Campanella L - - 2006
An enzymatic biosensor was developed for salicylic acid (salicylate ion) determined using a Clark type gas diffusion electrode and two enzymes (tyrosinase and salicylate hydroxylase) entrapped in a cellulose triacetate membrane. After optimization, the method was applied to the determination of salicylic acid in cow urine. Relatively good recoveries were ...
Halim V A - - 2006
Phytohormones are not only instrumental in regulating developmental processes in plants but also play important roles for the plant's responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In particular, abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid have been shown to possess crucial functions in mediating or orchestrating stress responses in plants. ...
Blanco Flavio Antonio - - 2006
The MAPK cascade is an evolutionary conserved signaling pathway that links external stimuli with cellular responses. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a DNA fragment corresponding to a Solanum tuberosum MAPK, StMPK1, was isolated. StMPK1 amino acid sequence displayed over 90% identity with tomato MPK1 (LeMPK1) and tobacco SIPK. Southern blot ...
Paterson John R - - 2006
This work was done to determine the salicylate content of a variety of commonly used spices and to assess whether this potential dietary source of salicylate was bioavailable. Spices, Indian cooked dishes, and blood and urine samples taken after ingestion of a test meal were investigated for their salicylate content ...
Mahdi J G - - 2006
For several millennia, the willow tree and salicin have been associated with salicylic acid, the key precursor molecule that has contributed to the discovery of acetylsalicylic acid, traded as aspirin. These molecules have been shown to possess phyto- and chemotherapeutic activities as analgesic drugs. In recent decades, aspirin has become ...
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