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Results 301 - 350 of 1394
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Tsai Chin-Shaw Stella - - 2009
Epidemiological studies indicate that acetylsalicylic acid may reduce the risk of mortality due to colon cancers. Metastasis is the major cause of cancer death. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in tumor invasion regulation, and prostaglandin F(2)alpha (PGF(2)alpha) is a key stimulator of MMP production. Thus, we investigated whether acetylsalicylic ...
Bayram Esra - - 2008
The inhibition of two human cytosolic carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) isozymes, hCA I and II, with a series of salicylic acid derivatives was investigated by using the esterase method with 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate. IC(50) values for sulfasalazine, diflunisal, 5-chlorosalicylic acid, dinitrosalicylic acid, 4-aminosalicylic acid, 4-sulfosalicylic acid, 5-sulfosalicylic acid, ...
Choi J G - - 2009
A chloroform fraction prepared from the sarcotesta of Ginkgo biloba showed potent inhibitory activity against vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). The active compounds were elucidated to be 2-hydroxy-6-(8-pentadecenyl) salicylic acid (1) and 2-hydroxy-6-(10-heptadecenyl) salicylic acid (2) based on their spectral analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed significant antibacterial activities against VRE.
Xue Rui-De - - 2008
The effectiveness of boric acid (1%) and fipronil (0.1%) bait stations in reducing the number of laboratory-reared female Aedes aegypti and Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus mosquitoes released in outdoor screened cages was evaluated. Both toxicants significantly reduced landing rates of the 2 mosquito species on a human subject. However, no significant reduction ...
Antoniou C - - 2008
The popularity of sunscreens dramatically increased since ultraviolet irradiation was implicated in the pathogenesis of skin cancer and skin ageing. The absorption properties, safety, photostability of different organic and inorganic filters are reviewed: para-aminobenzoic acid, salicylates, cinnamates, benzophenones, butylmethoxydibenzoylmethane (Parsol 1789), drometrizole trisulphonic (Mexoryl XL), terephthalydene dicamphor sulphonic acid (Mexoryl ...
Jabara Refat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Permanent polymers used in current drug-eluting stents (DES) can trigger chronic inflammation and hypersensitivity reactions, which may contribute to the increased risk of late thrombosis and rebound restenosis. Therefore, optimal polymer selection and the use of completely absorbable but biocompatible polymers are expected to minimize these risks. OBJECTIVES: We ...
Elango M - - 2008
Cardinality guided molecular tailoring approach (CG-MTA) [Ganesh et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2006, 125, 104019] has been effectively employed to perform ab initio calculations for large molecular clusters of boric acid. It is evident from the results that boric acid forms nanotubes, structurally similar to carbon nanotubes, with the help ...
Vlot A Corina - - 2008
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a form of inducible resistance that is triggered in systemic healthy tissues of locally infected plants. The nature of the mobile signal that travels through the phloem from the site of infection to establish systemic immunity has been sought after for decades. Several candidate signaling ...
Rossi Filippo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Organic farming is a production technique that imposes major restrictions on the use of fertilizers, pesticides, feed additives and veterinary drugs and for this reason consumers perceive organic foods to be healthier. The content of health-promoting molecules such as ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, lycopene and salicylic acid are important aspects ...
Kang Li - - 2008
N-acylethanolamines are a group of lipid mediators that accumulate under a variety of neurological and pathological conditions in mammals. N-acylethanolamine signaling is terminated by the action of diverse hydrolases, among which fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) has been well characterized. Here, we show that transgenic Arabidopsis lines overexpressing an AtFAAH ...
Fluhr Joachim W - - 2008
Emollients, moisturizers, and keratolytic agents are essential in the topical treatment of psoriasis. They are adjuvants for classic treatments and help to reduce the scale load of individual patients. The major role for emollients and moisturizers is the supportive role in normalizing hyperproliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis; furthermore, they exert anti-inflammatory ...
Dobaczewski Marcin - - 2008
Detection of reduced aspirin effectiveness has gained significant importance since clinical consequences of aspirin resistance were reported. Nevertheless, due to differentiated molecular basis of aspirin resistance, the conflicting choice of referential method for detection of acetylsalicylic acid ineffectiveness has become troublesome. This study, using a rat model of antiplatelet therapy, ...
Yasuda Michiko - - 2008
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a potent innate immunity system in plants that is effective against a broad range of pathogens. SAR development in dicotyledonous plants, such as tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and Arabidopsis thaliana, is mediated by salicylic acid (SA). Here, using two types of SAR-inducing chemicals, 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one1,1-dioxide and benzo(1,2,3)thiadiazole-7-carbothioic ...
Lazzarato Lisa - - 2009
The polyamine spermidine and the metalloid arsenic increased resistance responses in the well-known pathosystem NN tobacco/tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Both the hypersensitive response to TMV in a leaf disk model system (inoculated disks floating in the 0.1mM treatments) and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in whole plants were significantly affected. In ...
Oshita Koji - - 2008
Catechol-type chitosan resin and salicylic acid-type chitosan resin were easily synthesized for use in estimating the adsorption behavior of 34 elements at pH 1 - 7 in aquatic media. The catechol-type chitosan resin could adsorb Cu(II) at pH 3 - 7, In(III) at pH 4 - 6, Pb(II) and lanthanoids ...
Dalamaga Maria - - 2008
Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid could potentially result in severe serum calcium and magnesium depletion induced by binding with fluoride anion. This report describes the case of a 48-year-old man who developed hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia accompanied by hypokalemia-an interesting finding-following a chemical injury with exposure to 70% hydrofluoric acid. Successful ...
Shetty B Suresh Kumar - - 2008
Chemical burn injuries including nitric acid injuries are rarely seen in routine clinical practice. In this article, we describe a case of chemical burns due to ingestion of nitric acid in which the history was not of an accidental but of a suicidal nature. Spillage of nitric acid (vitriolage) is ...
Degitz Klaus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acne results from the interplay of several pathophysiologic factors, in particular seborrhoea, follicular hyperkeratosis, propionibacteria and inflammation. Recently, it has become clear that inflammatory events are important not only in the course, but also in the initiation of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The study undertook an evaluation of the effectiveness ...
Pan Xiangqing - - 2008
A rapid and sensitive method was developed for simultaneous quantification of multiple classes of phytohormones and some related metabolites in crude plant extracts without purification or derivatization. High-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry with multiple reaction monitoring were used to quantify auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, gibberellins, jasmonates, salicylates, ...
Dansereau Richard J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro disintegration and dissolution of 26 alendronic acid tablets (70 mg) on the market in Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom compared to the branded product (Fosamax). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The disintegration and dissolution times were ...
Betto Paola - - 2008
A 40-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for an acute outbreak of multiple pustular lesions with an underlying erythematous base affecting cheeks and chin. These lesions were referred to as "aching". The patient had been taking amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (3 g a day) over the past three days for oral ...
Sortino Francesco - - 2008
The inflammatory reaction caused by 2 different suture materials, black silk and polyglycolic acid, was evaluated 8 days after application and permanence in the oral environment. A randomized sample of 55 patients, aged 9 to 76, who had undergone oral urgery was examined. The suture materials (30 black silk and ...
Laman N - - 2008
Low frequency vibrational modes of pharmaceutical molecules are dependent on the molecule as a whole and can be used for identification purposes. However, conventional Fourier transform far-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) often result in broad, overlapping features that are difficult to distinguish. The technique of waveguide THz-TDS ...
Baenkler Hanns-Wolf - - 2008
Acetylic salicylic acid (aspirin) intolerance relates to altered generation and metabolism of arachidonic acid and eicosanoids, and prostaglandins and leukotrienes ingestion of salicylates or COX-inhibitors. Selective review of literature in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. Rhinitis, asthma and nasal polyposis are typical presentations, but urticaria and gut inflammation are also ...
Wu Jianqiang - - 2008
Genetic variation within and among populations provides the raw material for evolution. Although many studies describe inter- and intraspecific variation of defensive metabolites, little is known about variation among plant populations within early signaling responses elicited by herbivory or by herbivore oral secretions (OS) introduced into wounds during feeding. In ...
Catinot Jérémy - - 2008
Salicylic acid (SA) is an important signal involved in the activation of defence responses against abiotic and biotic stress. In tobacco, benzoic acid or glucosyl benzoate were proposed to be precursors of SA. This is in sharp contrast with studies in Arabidopsis thaliana, where SA derives from isochorismate. We have ...
Junyaprasert Varaporn Buraphacheep - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate an influence of different types of membrane additives including negative charge (dicetylphosphate, DCP), positive charge (stearylamine, STR) and non-ionic molecule (cholesteryl poly-24-oxyethylene ether, SC24) on the physicochemical properties of drug-free and drug-loaded niosomes. Salicylic acid having different proportions of ionized and unionized ...
Muzíková J - - 2008
The paper deals with the study of the strength and disintegration time of tablets made of directly compressible maltose Advantose 100. It studies the differences of the effects of two types of lubricants, magnesium stearate and sodium stearylfumarate, on the above-mentioned properties, and it also tests the mixtures of the ...
Narasimha Sathyanarayana Murthy Narasimha Sathyanarayana - - 2008
Electrets are polymeric discs that carry semi permanent electrostatic charge. These provide electrostatic potentials in the range of 500 to 3,000 V. In the current work, the effect of electret exposure on the skin permeability was investigated. Transdermal transport studies were carried out across porcine epidermis in Franz diffusion cells. ...
Longo N - - 2008
Clavulanic acid is a potent inhibitor of B-lactamase that is increasingly prescribed in association with amoxicillin. We report 2 cases of patients who experienced pruritus, wheals, and angioedema after oral intake of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Routine skin tests for B-lactam antibiotics and specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E were negative in both patients. ...
Lee Mi-Ok - - 2008
We report isolation and transcriptional profiling of rice (Oryza sativa L.) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), OsSIPK (salicylic acid-induced protein kinase). OsSIPK gene is located on chromosome 6 most probably existing as a single copy in the rice genome, and encodes 398 amino acid polypeptide having the MAPK family signature and ...
Kessler Edward - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels are used as adjuvants for treatment of facial acne. No well-controlled studies have compared alpha- and beta-hydroxy acid peels in the treatment of mild to moderately severe facial acne. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of alpha- and beta-hydroxy acid chemical peels in the treatment of mild to ...
Mou Dongsheng - - 2008
In this work, a hydrogel-thickened nanoemulsion system (HTN) with powerful permeation ability, good stability and suitable viscosity was investigated for topical delivery of active molecules. HTN was prepared to deliver an oily mixture of 5% camphor, 5% menthol and 5% methyl salicylate for topical therapy of arthritis, minor joint and ...
Abreu Maria Elizabeth - - 2007
Post-anthesis leaf senescence is a key developmental process in the life of plants as it is the time during which material built up by the plant during its growth phase is mobilized into reproductive tissues. Here we aimed to study the extent of photo- and antioxidant protection and salicylic acid ...
Rho Jong Kook - - 2007
A bacterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa BM114, capable of accumulating a blend of medium-chain-length (MCL)- and short-chain-length (SCL)-polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (PHA), was isolated. Salicylic acid (SA), without being metabolized, was found to specifically inhibit only the accumulation of MCL-PHA without affecting cell growth. An addition of 20 mM SA selectively inhibited the accumulation ...
Khumanthem Nonibala - - 2007
A Mastigocladus species was isolated from the hot spring of Jakrem (Meghalaya) India. Uptake and utilization of nitrate, nitrite, ammonium and amino acids (glutamine, asparagine, arginine, alanine) were studied in this cyanobacterium grown at different temperatures (25°C, 45°C). There was 2-3 fold increase in the heterocyst formation and nitrogenase activity ...
Juzwa Maria - - 2008
In this paper we discuss the anticancer activity of acetylsalicylic acid with oligo(3-hydroxybutanoate) conjugates, their characteristics and in vitro biological evaluation. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) attached via hydrolysable ester bonds to non-toxic well-defined 3-hydroxybutanoic acid oligomers shows novel method of drug modification. The resulting conjugates were more effective than aspirin in ...
Tercero Espinoza Luis A - - 2008
We report the irradiation of TiO(2) suspensions containing Br(-) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). In the absence of DOC, we found no evidence for the formation of BrO(3)(-) upon irradiation of 1gL(-1) P25 suspensions with UV light for initial Br(-) concentrations up to 10mgL(-1). In the presence of DOC (Lake ...
Farthing Don - - 2007
Acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Various plasma concentrations of aspirin and its predominant metabolite, salicylic acid, are required for its antiarthritic (1.5-2.5 mM), anti-inflammatory (0.5-5.0 mM) or antiplatelet (0.18-0.36 mM) actions. A recent study demonstrated the inhibitory effects of both ...
Biavatti Maique W - - 2007
The antinociceptive effect of the limonexic acid isolate of Raulinoa echinata Cowan in four models of pain in mice is described. When evaluated against acetic acid-induced abdominal constrictions, limonexic acid (10, 30 and 60 mg kg(-1), i.p.) produced dose-related inhibition of the number of constrictions, with a mean ID50 value ...
Truite Cecília Valente Rodrigues - - 2007
The aim of this work was to apply photoacoustic spectroscopy for the ex vivo determination of the penetration rate of a phytotherapic formulation for vitiligo therapeutic, with or without salicylic acid as the promoter agent. In addition, the compound toxicity and morphophysiology effects were evaluated for different concentrations of salicylic ...
Halim Vincentius A - - 2007
The importance of the signaling compound salicylic acid for basal defense of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Désirée) against Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight disease, was assessed using transgenic NahG potato plants which are unable to accumulate salicylic acid. Although the size of lesions caused by P. ...
Begic Sanela - - 2007
Serratia marcescens is a nosocomial agent with a natural resistance to a broad spectrum of antibiotics, making the treatment of its infections very challenging. This study examines the influence of salicylate, sucrose, temperature, and pH variability on membrane permeability and susceptibility of S. marcescens to norfloxacin (hydrophilic fluoroquinolone) and nalidixic ...
Wang Yadong - - 2008
There are now considerable evidences that boric acid has reproductive and developmental toxicity, but it is uncertain whether such toxicity is caused by estrogen-like effect. Our objective is to determine the estrogen-like effect of boric acid. Proliferation assay of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, uterotrophic assay, measure assay of the ...
Loake Gary - - 2007
Salicylic acid (SA) is synthesised by plants in response to challenge by a diverse range of phytopathogens and is essential to the establishment of both local and systemic-acquired resistance (SAR). SA application induces accumulation of pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. Mutations leading to either reduced SA production or impaired SA perception enhance ...
Gradinger Robert - - 2008
We report the case of a 32-year-old man, admitted to cardiac care unit with congestive heart failure, caused by a reduced global cardiac function four months after oral hydrofluoric acid ingestion while attempting suicide. Biopsy results of left ventricular myocardium confirmed toxic myocarditis due to ingestion of hydrofluoric acid. This ...
Montes-Gil Ana C - - 2007
We report microwave-assisted synthetic routes, the pharmacokinetic profile along with results from ulcerogenicity and mutagenicity studies of atenolol aspirinate, and an already described derivative, in which acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) was connected to atenolol by an ester linkage. Atenolol aspirinate was stable towards aqueous hydrolysis but rapidly hydrolyzed in plasma ...
Park C N - - 2007
The antifungal activities of novel salicylic acid derivatives, salaceyin A, 6-(9-methyldecyl) salicylic acid, and salaceyin B, 6-(9-methylundecyl) salicylic acid were evaluated against plant pathogenic fungi. Salaceyin A showed antifungal activity against Cladosporium cucumerinum, Colletotrichum orbiculare and Phytophthora capsici at 64 microg ml(-1) while salaceyin B was less effective. In vitro ...
Chen Yu Y University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2007
In vivo, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is rapidly deacetylated to form salicylic acid, which then undergoes primary or secondary glucuronidation catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). The variant UGT1A6*2 (T181A, R184S) is associated with altered enzyme function. Our objective was to compare salicylic acid glucuronidation in individuals with different UGT1A6 genotypes. Following orally ...
Saudagar Parag S - - 2008
Clavulanic acid, a naturally occurring powerful inhibitor of bacterial beta-lactamases, is produced by Streptomyces clavuligerus. The high void volume, permeability, and low cost of fibrous matrices prompted the use of Luffa cylindrica as a matrix for the immobilization of S. clavuligerus for the production of clavulanic acid. Immobilization of S. ...
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