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Results 251 - 300 of 1366
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Tóth Miklós - - 2009
In field trapping tests, the catch of Chrysoperla carnea sensu lato (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) increased when acetic acid was added to lures with phenylacetaldehyde. The addition of methyl salicylate to the binary mixture of phenylacetaldehyde plus acetic acid increased catches even further. The ternary blend proved to be more attractive than ...
Xu Maojun - - 2009
The antagonistic action between jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) in plant defence responses has been well documented. However, their relationship in secondary metabolite production is largely unknown. Here, we report that PB90, a protein elicitor from Phytophthora boehmeriae, triggers JA generation, SA accumulation and flavonol glycoside production of ...
Mandal Sudhamoy - - 2009
We demonstrated that exogenous application of 200 microM salicylic acid through root feeding and foliar spray could induce resistance against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Lycopersici (Fol) in tomato. Endogenous accumulation of free salicylic acid in tomato roots was detected by HPLC and identification was confirmed by LC-MS/MS analysis. At 168h ...
Kozawa Shuji - - 2009
A 34-year-old man was discovered by his coworkers in a tank filled with 35% (w/w) hydrochloric acid. Despite undergoing intensive treatment, he died one and a half days later. An autopsy revealed generalized high tensity, overall grayish brown skin color, heavy gastric submucosal hemorrhage and heavy pulmonary edema. We concluded ...
Peña M A - - 2009
The solubility of phenacetin, salicylic acid, and probenecid in ethanol-water and ethanol-ethyl acetate mixtures at several temperatures (15-40 degrees C) was measured. The solubility profiles are related to medium polarity changes. The apparent thermodynamic magnitudes and enthalpy-entropy relationships are related to the cosolvent action. Salicylic acid and probenecid show a ...
Yoshida Seiji - - 2009
Ozone produces reactive oxygen species and induces the synthesis of phytohormones, including ethylene and salicylic acid. These phytohormones act as signal molecules that enhance cell death in response to ozone exposure. However, some studies have shown that ethylene and salicylic acid can instead decrease the magnitude of ozone-induced cell death. ...
Seto Yoshiya - - 2009
Tuberonic acid (12-hydroxy epi-jasmonic acid, TA) and its glucoside (TAG) were isolated from potato leaflets (Solanumtuberosum L.) and shown to have tuber-inducing properties. The metabolism of jasmonic acid (JA) to TAG in plant leaflets, and translocation of the resulting TAG to the distal parts, was demonstrated in a previous study. ...
Schmelz Eric A - - 2009
In response to insect attack, many plants exhibit dynamic biochemical changes, resulting in the induced production of direct and indirect defenses. Elicitors present in herbivore oral secretions are believed to positively regulate many inducible plant defenses; however, little is known about the specificity of elicitor recognition in plants. To investigate ...
Ahmad Iqbal - - 2009
Commercial benzoic acid and salicylic acid ointments have been analyzed for benzoic acid and salicylic acid content by using a spectrophotometric method. Since benzoic acid and salicylic acid exhibit overlapping spectra, absorbance measurements are made at two wavelengths, i.e. 271 nm and 303 nm in ethanol (96%v/v) for simultaneous determination ...
Abreu Maria Elizabeth - - 2009
Salicylic acid-deficient NahG transgenic lines and sid2 mutants were used to evaluate the role of this compound in the development of the short-lived, annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana, with a particular focus on the interplay between salicylic acid and other phytohormones. Low salicylic acid levels led to increased growth, as well ...
Niamlang Sumonman - - 2009
The apparent diffusion coefficients, Dapp, and the release mechanisms of salicylic acid from salicylic acid-loaded polyacrylamide hydrogels, SA-loaded PAAM, and salicylic acid-doped poly(phenylene vinylene)/polyacrylamide hydrogels, SA-doped PPV/PAAM, were investigated. In the absence of an electric field, the diffusion of SA from the SA-doped PPV/PAAM is delayed in the first 3 ...
Moriarty Louise M - - 2008
Aspirin prodrugs formed by derivatization at the benzoic acid group are very difficult to obtain because the promoiety accelerates the rate of hydrolysis by plasma esterases at the neighboring acetyl group, generating salicylic acid derivatives. By tracing the hydrolysis pattern of the aspirin prodrug isosorbide-2,5-diaspirinate (ISDA) in human plasma solution, ...
Paterson John R - - 2008
Salicylic acid (SA), which is central to defense mechanisms in plants and the principal metabolite of aspirin, occurs naturally in man with higher levels of SA and its urinary metabolite salicyluric acid (SU) in vegetarians overlapping with levels in patients on low-dose aspirin regimens. SA is widely distributed in animal ...
Rao A Nageswara - - 2009
The photocatalytic degradation of salicylic acid was studied by a batch process using ZnO as the catalyst on irradiation with UV light. The effect of process parameters such as pH, catalyst loading and initial concentration of salicylic acid on the extent of degradation was investigated. The degradation of salicylic acid ...
Garg Vijay Kumar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many clinicians have used glycolic acid (GA) peels for facial acne, scarring, and hyperpigmentation, mainly in lighter skin types. Salicylic-mandelic acid combination peels (SMPs) are a newer modality, and there have been no well-controlled studies comparing them with other conventional agents. OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic efficacy and tolerability ...
Maalouf Roger - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The common practice is to use 162 mg of aspirin orally in the emergency department (ED) for patients presenting with myocardial infarction. If the patient cannot take aspirin orally in the authors' facility, then 600 mg of aspirin is given rectally. However, no strong evidence exists as to whether ...
De Seta Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Boric acid is a commonly cited treatment for recurrent and resistant yeast vaginitis, but data about the extent and mechanism of its antifungal activity are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use in vitro methods to understand the spectrum and mechanism of boric acid as a ...
Oresajo Christian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several chemical agents are currently used to perform superficial peels of the face to reduce facial hyperpigmentation and fine lines/wrinkles. Some of the most commonly used agents are alpha hydroxyl acids, such as glycolic acid (GA), or beta hydroxy acid, such as salicylic acid. AIM: This study aims to ...
Jnawali Hum Nath - - 2008
A pair of genes encoding the bacterial two-component regulatory system, orf22 and orf23, was found next to the clavulanic acid gene cluster of Streptomyces clavuligerus NRRL3585. Orf23 was deleted for the construction of S. clavuligerus/Deltaorf23. Although growth and morphological analyses showed no differences between S. clavuligerus/Deltaorf23 and wild-type, the production ...
Nurchi Valeria Marina - - 2009
The solution equilibria of iron(III) and aluminum(III) with two classes of hard ligands (catechol, salicylic acid and their nitro-derivatives) have been reliably studied by potentiometric, spectrophotometric and NMR spectroscopy. The effect of the nitro substituent on the binding properties of catechol and salicylic acid has been examined thoroughly. The inductive ...
Hien Dao Thi Thanh - - 2009
Benzothiadiazole (BTH) is a functional analog of the plant endogenous hormone-like compound, salicylic acid (SA), which is required for the induction of plant defense genes leading to systemic acquired resistance (SAR). Previous molecular and genetic studies have suggested that BTH itself might potentiate SAR resulting in the induction of several ...
Lee Sung Jae - - 2009
The petroleum ether extract of Viola websteri Hemsl. (Violaceae) was investigated for its activity against chloroquine-sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum using the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay method. The main antiplasmodial principles, 6-(8'Z-pentadecenyl)-salicylic acid (1) and 6-(8'Z, 11'Z, 14'Z-heptadecatrienyl)-salicylic acid (2), have been isolated from V. websteri for the first time. ...
Tsai Chin-Shaw Stella - - 2009
Epidemiological studies indicate that acetylsalicylic acid may reduce the risk of mortality due to colon cancers. Metastasis is the major cause of cancer death. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in tumor invasion regulation, and prostaglandin F(2)alpha (PGF(2)alpha) is a key stimulator of MMP production. Thus, we investigated whether acetylsalicylic ...
Bayram Esra - - 2008
The inhibition of two human cytosolic carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) isozymes, hCA I and II, with a series of salicylic acid derivatives was investigated by using the esterase method with 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate. IC(50) values for sulfasalazine, diflunisal, 5-chlorosalicylic acid, dinitrosalicylic acid, 4-aminosalicylic acid, 4-sulfosalicylic acid, 5-sulfosalicylic acid, ...
Choi J G - - 2009
A chloroform fraction prepared from the sarcotesta of Ginkgo biloba showed potent inhibitory activity against vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). The active compounds were elucidated to be 2-hydroxy-6-(8-pentadecenyl) salicylic acid (1) and 2-hydroxy-6-(10-heptadecenyl) salicylic acid (2) based on their spectral analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed significant antibacterial activities against VRE.
Xue Rui-De - - 2008
The effectiveness of boric acid (1%) and fipronil (0.1%) bait stations in reducing the number of laboratory-reared female Aedes aegypti and Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus mosquitoes released in outdoor screened cages was evaluated. Both toxicants significantly reduced landing rates of the 2 mosquito species on a human subject. However, no significant reduction ...
Antoniou C - - 2008
The popularity of sunscreens dramatically increased since ultraviolet irradiation was implicated in the pathogenesis of skin cancer and skin ageing. The absorption properties, safety, photostability of different organic and inorganic filters are reviewed: para-aminobenzoic acid, salicylates, cinnamates, benzophenones, butylmethoxydibenzoylmethane (Parsol 1789), drometrizole trisulphonic (Mexoryl XL), terephthalydene dicamphor sulphonic acid (Mexoryl ...
Jabara Refat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Permanent polymers used in current drug-eluting stents (DES) can trigger chronic inflammation and hypersensitivity reactions, which may contribute to the increased risk of late thrombosis and rebound restenosis. Therefore, optimal polymer selection and the use of completely absorbable but biocompatible polymers are expected to minimize these risks. OBJECTIVES: We ...
Elango M - - 2008
Cardinality guided molecular tailoring approach (CG-MTA) [Ganesh et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2006, 125, 104019] has been effectively employed to perform ab initio calculations for large molecular clusters of boric acid. It is evident from the results that boric acid forms nanotubes, structurally similar to carbon nanotubes, with the help ...
Vlot A Corina - - 2008
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a form of inducible resistance that is triggered in systemic healthy tissues of locally infected plants. The nature of the mobile signal that travels through the phloem from the site of infection to establish systemic immunity has been sought after for decades. Several candidate signaling ...
Rossi Filippo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Organic farming is a production technique that imposes major restrictions on the use of fertilizers, pesticides, feed additives and veterinary drugs and for this reason consumers perceive organic foods to be healthier. The content of health-promoting molecules such as ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, lycopene and salicylic acid are important aspects ...
Kang Li - - 2008
N-acylethanolamines are a group of lipid mediators that accumulate under a variety of neurological and pathological conditions in mammals. N-acylethanolamine signaling is terminated by the action of diverse hydrolases, among which fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) has been well characterized. Here, we show that transgenic Arabidopsis lines overexpressing an AtFAAH ...
Fluhr Joachim W - - 2008
Emollients, moisturizers, and keratolytic agents are essential in the topical treatment of psoriasis. They are adjuvants for classic treatments and help to reduce the scale load of individual patients. The major role for emollients and moisturizers is the supportive role in normalizing hyperproliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis; furthermore, they exert anti-inflammatory ...
Dobaczewski Marcin - - 2008
Detection of reduced aspirin effectiveness has gained significant importance since clinical consequences of aspirin resistance were reported. Nevertheless, due to differentiated molecular basis of aspirin resistance, the conflicting choice of referential method for detection of acetylsalicylic acid ineffectiveness has become troublesome. This study, using a rat model of antiplatelet therapy, ...
Yasuda Michiko - - 2008
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a potent innate immunity system in plants that is effective against a broad range of pathogens. SAR development in dicotyledonous plants, such as tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and Arabidopsis thaliana, is mediated by salicylic acid (SA). Here, using two types of SAR-inducing chemicals, 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one1,1-dioxide and benzo(1,2,3)thiadiazole-7-carbothioic ...
Lazzarato Lisa - - 2009
The polyamine spermidine and the metalloid arsenic increased resistance responses in the well-known pathosystem NN tobacco/tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Both the hypersensitive response to TMV in a leaf disk model system (inoculated disks floating in the 0.1mM treatments) and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in whole plants were significantly affected. In ...
Oshita Koji - - 2008
Catechol-type chitosan resin and salicylic acid-type chitosan resin were easily synthesized for use in estimating the adsorption behavior of 34 elements at pH 1 - 7 in aquatic media. The catechol-type chitosan resin could adsorb Cu(II) at pH 3 - 7, In(III) at pH 4 - 6, Pb(II) and lanthanoids ...
Dalamaga Maria - - 2008
Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid could potentially result in severe serum calcium and magnesium depletion induced by binding with fluoride anion. This report describes the case of a 48-year-old man who developed hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia accompanied by hypokalemia-an interesting finding-following a chemical injury with exposure to 70% hydrofluoric acid. Successful ...
Shetty B Suresh Kumar - - 2008
Chemical burn injuries including nitric acid injuries are rarely seen in routine clinical practice. In this article, we describe a case of chemical burns due to ingestion of nitric acid in which the history was not of an accidental but of a suicidal nature. Spillage of nitric acid (vitriolage) is ...
Degitz Klaus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acne results from the interplay of several pathophysiologic factors, in particular seborrhoea, follicular hyperkeratosis, propionibacteria and inflammation. Recently, it has become clear that inflammatory events are important not only in the course, but also in the initiation of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The study undertook an evaluation of the effectiveness ...
Pan Xiangqing - - 2008
A rapid and sensitive method was developed for simultaneous quantification of multiple classes of phytohormones and some related metabolites in crude plant extracts without purification or derivatization. High-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry with multiple reaction monitoring were used to quantify auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, gibberellins, jasmonates, salicylates, ...
Dansereau Richard J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro disintegration and dissolution of 26 alendronic acid tablets (70 mg) on the market in Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom compared to the branded product (Fosamax). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The disintegration and dissolution times were ...
Betto Paola - - 2008
A 40-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for an acute outbreak of multiple pustular lesions with an underlying erythematous base affecting cheeks and chin. These lesions were referred to as "aching". The patient had been taking amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (3 g a day) over the past three days for oral ...
Sortino Francesco - - 2008
The inflammatory reaction caused by 2 different suture materials, black silk and polyglycolic acid, was evaluated 8 days after application and permanence in the oral environment. A randomized sample of 55 patients, aged 9 to 76, who had undergone oral urgery was examined. The suture materials (30 black silk and ...
Laman N - - 2008
Low frequency vibrational modes of pharmaceutical molecules are dependent on the molecule as a whole and can be used for identification purposes. However, conventional Fourier transform far-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) often result in broad, overlapping features that are difficult to distinguish. The technique of waveguide THz-TDS ...
Baenkler Hanns-Wolf - - 2008
Acetylic salicylic acid (aspirin) intolerance relates to altered generation and metabolism of arachidonic acid and eicosanoids, and prostaglandins and leukotrienes ingestion of salicylates or COX-inhibitors. Selective review of literature in PubMed and the Cochrane Library. Rhinitis, asthma and nasal polyposis are typical presentations, but urticaria and gut inflammation are also ...
Wu Jianqiang - - 2008
Genetic variation within and among populations provides the raw material for evolution. Although many studies describe inter- and intraspecific variation of defensive metabolites, little is known about variation among plant populations within early signaling responses elicited by herbivory or by herbivore oral secretions (OS) introduced into wounds during feeding. In ...
Catinot Jérémy - - 2008
Salicylic acid (SA) is an important signal involved in the activation of defence responses against abiotic and biotic stress. In tobacco, benzoic acid or glucosyl benzoate were proposed to be precursors of SA. This is in sharp contrast with studies in Arabidopsis thaliana, where SA derives from isochorismate. We have ...
Junyaprasert Varaporn Buraphacheep - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate an influence of different types of membrane additives including negative charge (dicetylphosphate, DCP), positive charge (stearylamine, STR) and non-ionic molecule (cholesteryl poly-24-oxyethylene ether, SC24) on the physicochemical properties of drug-free and drug-loaded niosomes. Salicylic acid having different proportions of ionized and unionized ...
Muzíková J - - 2008
The paper deals with the study of the strength and disintegration time of tablets made of directly compressible maltose Advantose 100. It studies the differences of the effects of two types of lubricants, magnesium stearate and sodium stearylfumarate, on the above-mentioned properties, and it also tests the mixtures of the ...
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