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Results 201 - 250 of 1366
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Martinova E A - - 2010
Lipoic acid stimulated expression of heat shock proteins 25, 70, and 90 in liver cells of Wistar rats with metabolic stress (5 days of food deprivation followed by complete resumption of nutrition). Lipoic acid in a dose of 25 mg/kg reduced proliferation of hepatic lymphocytes during fasting, while after resumption ...
Deveryshetty Jaigeeth - - 2010
Alcaligenes sp. strain PPH degrades phenanthrene via 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (1-H2NA), 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,2-DHN), salicylic acid and catechol. Enzyme activity versus growth profile and heat stability studies suggested the presence of two distinct hydroxylases, namely 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid hydroxylase and salicylate hydroxylase. 1-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid hydroxylase was partially purified (yield 48%, fold 81) and ...
Abdel-Daim Mohamed - - 2010
Chemical peeling is one of the dermatological treatments available for certain cutaneous diseases and conditions or improvement of cosmetic appearance of photoaged skin. We assessed the photochemopreventive effect of several clinically used chemical peeling agents on the ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated skin of hairless mice. Chemical peeling was done using 35% glycolic ...
Kersey Thomas L - - 2010
To compare the first throw tension holding properties of twisted versus straight first throws in two commonly used Oculoplastic braided absorbable sutures. An in-vitro experimental model. Variable loads were applied to the first double throw of a surgical knot - either in straight-line configuration or twisting the knot using both ...
Wang Cindy - - 2011
The addition of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80) to a culture of mycobacteria greatly influences cell permeability and sensitivity to antibiotics but very little is known regarding the underlying mechanism. Here we show that Corynebacterium matruchotii (surrogate of mycobacteria) converts Tween 80 to a structural series of polyoxyethylenic acids which ...
Kleinpenning Marloes M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis lesions accumulate protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) with a variable distribution within plaques due to variations in hyperkeratosis causing differences in penetration of cream or light. Objectives: To study the effects of different keratolytic pretreatments in PpIX-induced fluorescence diagnosis (FDAP) and during photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: Two psoriasis plaques of ...
Jiang Chang-Jie - - 2010
Plant hormones play pivotal signaling roles in plant-pathogen interactions. Here, we report characterization of an antagonistic interaction of abscisic acid (ABA) with salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathways in the rice-Magnaporthe grisea interaction. Exogenous application of ABA drastically compromised the rice resistance to both compatible and incompatible M. grisea strains, indicating ...
Sumida Simone - - 2010
The current study compared the toxicity of different concentrations of boric acid in adult workers of Atta sexdens rubropilosa Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with toxicological bioassays, and examining the dose-dependent and time-dependent histopathological changes, of the midgut, Malpighian tubules, and postpharyngeal glands. Our results revealed the importance of conducting toxicological bioassays ...
Wang Li - - 2010
Pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment have received great attentions from the general and scientific community due to their potential impacts on ecological and human health. We investigated the occurrence of twelve acidic pharmaceuticals and herbicides (salicylic acid, clofibric acid, ibuprofen, gemfibrozil, fenoprofen, naproxen, ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, diclofenac, meclofenamic ...
Zhang Hongyin - - 2010
The control activity of Rhodotorulaglutinis, salicylic acid (SA), alone or in combination, on gray mold spoilage and natural spoilage of strawberries was investigated. R. glutinis as stand-alone treatment, and the combined treatment of SA at 100 microg/mL with R. glutinis significantly reduced the disease incidence and lesion diameter of gray ...
Nagachar Nivedita - - 2010
Mycobacterium smegmatis acquires extracellular iron using exochelin, mycobactin and carboxymycobactin. The latter two siderophores are synthesized from salicylic acid, which, in turn, is derived from chorismic acid in the shikimic acid pathway. To understand the conversion mechanism of chorismic acid to salicylic acid in M. smegmatis, knockout mutants of the ...
Kassis Abe - - 2010
Dissolution studies are critical tests for measuring the performance of a drug product. We have developed a novel technique using in situ ATR-IR spectroscopy to monitor dissolutions of pharmaceutical drug products. The accuracy of this technique is +/-3% relative to HPLC using salicylic acid calibrator tablets and acetaminophen OTC tablets. ...
Yuting Tian - - 2010
The yield of CoQ(10) , an intracellular product extracted from Agrobacterium tumefaciens cells is dependent on the effectiveness of cell lysis post fermentation. Various cell lysis approaches are investigated, including ultrasound, repetitive freezing/thawing, grinding and acid-heat treatment. The acid-heat combination using hydrochloric acid is found the most effective in releasing ...
Baek Dongwon - - 2010
Sulphonation of small molecules by cytosolic sulphotransferases in mammals is an important process in which endogenous molecules are modified for inactivation/activation of their biological effects. Plants possess large numbers of sulphotransferase genes, but their biological functions are largely unknown. Here, we present a functional analysis of the Arabidopsis sulphotransferase AtSOT12 ...
Kato Hideaki - - 2010
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) has been widely used as an over-the-counter drug to relieve pain throughout the world. In suicide attempts, aspirin is one of the most common drugs taken in large quantities. The concentration of salicylic acid shows a low-level distribution in the mouse brain, a site that may be ...
Millet Yves A - - 2010
Despite the fact that roots are the organs most subject to microbial interactions, very little is known about the response of roots to microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs). By monitoring transcriptional activation of beta-glucuronidase reporters and MAMP-elicited callose deposition, we show that three MAMPs, the flagellar peptide Flg22, peptidoglycan, and chitin, ...
Kirimura Kohtaro - - 2010
Salicylic acid decarboxylase (Sdc) can produce salicylic acid from phenol; it was found in the yeast Trichosporon moniliiforme WU-0401 and was for the first time enzymatically characterized, with the sdc gene heterologously expressed. Sdc catalyzed both reactions: decarboxylation of salicylic acid to phenol and the carboxylation of phenol to form ...
Babst Benjamin A - - 2010
Salicylate-containing phenolic glycosides (PGs) are abundant and often play a dominant role in plant-herbivore interactions of Populus and Salix species (family Salicaceae), but the biosynthetic pathway to PGs remains unclear. Cinnamic acid (CA) is thought to be a precursor of the salicyl moiety of PGs. However, the origin of the ...
Choi Mun Hwan - - 2010
The deletion of the intracellular polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) depolymerase gene (phaZ) in Pseudomonas fluorescens BM07 was found to increase more efficiently the levels of longer medium-chain-length (MCL) omega-aromatic monomer-units than in the wild-type strain when the cells were grown with a mixture of fructose and MCL omega-aromatic fatty acid in the ...
Waasdorp Hurtado Christine E - - 2010
Accidental ingestion of caustic substances (acid and alkali) occurs more frequently in children than in adults. The subsequent injury varies from minimal to severe, with perforation and even death as potential complications. Several factors have been shown to mediate the severity of injury, including the pH, concentration and physical state ...
Corradi Francesco - - 2010
Boric acid comes as colourless, odourless white powder and, if ingested, has potential fatal effects including metabolic acidosis, acute renal failure and shock. An 82-year-old male was brought to the emergency room 3 h after unintentional ingestion of a large amount of boric acid. Clinical course was monitored by collecting ...
Bica Katharina - - 2010
We present an ionic liquid (IL) approach towards a dual functional liquid salt form of aspirin using different pharmaceutically active cations composed of antibacterials, analgesics, local anesthetics, and antiarrhythmic drugs in combination with acetylsalicylic acid or its metabolite salicylic acid and discuss stability of these ILs in comparison to solid ...
Wang Zhan - - 2010
Salicylic acid (SA) is a biological substance that acts as a phytohormone and plays an important role in signal transduction in plants. It is important to accurately and sensitively detect SA levels. A gold electrode modified with copper nanoparticles was used to assay the electrocatalytic oxidation of salicylic acid. It ...
Otto A - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of emulsifiers and their liquid crystalline structures on the dermal and transdermal delivery of hydroquinone (HQ), salicylic acid (SA) and octadecenedioic acid (DIOIC). Emulsions containing liquid crystalline phases were compared with an emulsion without liquid crystals. Skin permeation experiments were performed using Franz-type diffusion cells ...
Smetana K - - 2010
The present study was undertaken to provide more information on nucleolar changes induced by a histone deacetylase inhibitor such as valproic acid in leukaemic myeloblasts at the single-cell level. For this study, RNA in nucleoli was visualized by a simple but sensitive cytochemical procedure in unfixed cytospins of short-term bone ...
Pratheeshkumar P - - 2010
The radioprotective effect of perillic acid was studied using an in vivo mouse model. Whole-body exposure of Swiss albino mice to γ-rays (6 Gy) reduced the total white blood cell count to 1035 ± 378 cells/mm3 on the 9th day, which was significantly elevated to 2196 ± 382 cells/mm3 by ...
Savar Aaron - - 2010
Both Endotines and Ultratines are made of polymers of polylactic acid and polyglycolic acid and are used in brow elevation procedures. Ultratines appear to be much more likely to break during loading and insertion than Endotines. The authors report our experience with these devices and offer suggestions to decrease the ...
Farokhi Fereshteh - - 2010
The starfish Narcissia canariensis harvested from the coasts off Dakar, Senegal, was investigated for glycolipids (GL). This report deals with the isolation, characterization and biological activity of a fraction F13-3 separated from the GL mixture and selected according to its ability to inhibit KB cell proliferation after 72 hours of ...
Krueger Chateen - - 2010
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) is an inhibitor of muscle cell differentiation that is associated with fibrosis, poor regeneration and poor function in some diseases of muscle. When neutralizing antibodies to TGF-β1 or the angiotensin II inhibitor losartan were used to reduce TGF-β1 signaling, muscle morphology and function were ...
Alloatti Andrés - - 2010
Trypanosomes can synthesize polyunsaturated fatty acids. Previously, we have shown that they possess stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) and oleate desaturase (OD) to convert stearate (C18) into oleate (C18:1) and linoleate (C18:2), respectively. Here we examine if OD is essential to these parasites. Cultured procyclic (insect-stage) form (PCF) and bloodstream-form (BSF) Trypanosoma ...
Doi Hirokazu - - 2010
Salicylic acid is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). But it is known to cause serious liver damage occasionally. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are predicted to be the major factors of salicylic acid-induced liver injury. We investigated the influence of salicylic acid on ATP contents, oxygen consumption and ...
C?mleko?lu M Erhan - - 2009
PURPOSE: The etching of dental ceramics with a glassy matrix by means of hydrofluoric acid (HF) is highly effective and after the application of a silane coupling agent, a strong link between the adhesive and the ceramic is achieved. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether aqueous titanium ...
Hippauf Frank - - 2010
Methyl salicylate and methyl benzoate have important roles in a variety of processes including pollinator attraction and plant defence. These compounds are synthesized by salicylic acid, benzoic acid and benzoic acid/salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferases (SAMT, BAMT and BSMT) which are members of the SABATH gene family. Both SAMT and BSMT ...
Janz Kristin - - 2009
Quinoline salicylic acids underwent bromodecarboxylation at room temperature upon treatment with N-bromosuccinimide. A wide variety of functional groups was tolerated. Several one-pot transformations were also carried out, allowing the preparation of diverse 4-substituted quinolines.
Burge Meredith - - 2009
Exposure to strong acids such as sulfuric acid to either the skin or the gastrointestinal or respiratory mucosa will result respectively in significant-occasionally fatal-cutaneous chemical burns as well as devastating corrosive damage to the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Most injuries are accidental, but there are reports of using acids as ...
Kolios L - - 2010
Nitric acid burn traumata often occur in the chemical industry. A few publications addressing this topic can be found in the medical database, and there are no reports about these traumata in children. A total of 24 patients, average 16.6 years of age, suffering from nitric acid traumata were treated. ...
Chowdhury Morshed A - - 2009
A novel class of salicylic acid and N-acetyl-2-carboxybenzenesulfonamide regioisomers possessing a N-difluoromethyl-1,2-dihydropyrid-2-one pharmacophore attached to its C-4 or C-5 position was designed for evaluation as anti-inflammatory (AI) agents. Replacement of the 2,4-difluorophenyl ring in diflunisal by the N-difluoromethyl-1,2-dihydropyrid-2-one moiety provided compounds showing dual selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitory activities. AI ...
Thomas Joan E - - 2010
Analysis of DRIFTS spectra was used for a quantitative study of competitive adsorption of myristic and salicylic acids onto kaolinite or gamma-alumina. Peaks unique to the ring or the chain were selected and single molecule studies used as calibration. Samples were exposed to hexane solution containing equal molecular quantities of ...
Ooguri Akihiro - - 2009
An intermolecular nickel-catalyzed addition reaction has been developed where salicylic acid ketals react with alkynes to afford substituted chromones. A mechanistic rationale is proposed, implying beta-elimination of ketone from ring strained seven-membered nickelacycle to generate a five-membered oxa-nickelacycle intermediate.
Lee Sanghyeob - - 2009
The anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides deleteriously affects unripe pepper fruit, but not ripe fruit. Here, we show that the induction of local acquired resistance (LAR) by salicylic acid (SA), 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid, or benzo-(1,2,3)-thiadiazole-7-carbothioic acid S-methyl ester pretreatment protects unripe pepper fruit against the fungus, while jasmonic acid (JA) does not. ...
Fouad Ehab A - - 2009
An acetyl salicylic acid-caffeine complex was prepared and evaluated for the potential use in rectal administration. The results revealed the formation of a complex between acetyl salicylic acid and caffeine in a 1:1 molar ratio by a charge transfer mechanism. The effects of acetyl salicylic acid and complex on the ...
Nayak Anand S - - 2009
Stenotrophomonas sp. RMSK capable of degrading acenaphthylene as a sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from coal sample. Metabolites produced were analyzed and characterized by TLC, HPLC and mass spectrometry. Identification of naphthalene-1,8-dicarboxylic acid, 1-naphthoic acid, 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene, salicylate and detection of key enzymes namely 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene dioxygenase, salicylaldehyde dehydrogenase ...
Khalili Masumeh - - 2009
Silymarin is one of the most potent antioxidant so far developed from plant sources used as hepatoprotectants. Influence of different concentrations (0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8mg/50ml culture) and exposure time (24, 48, 72, 96 and 120h) of salicylic acid on lipoxygenase activity, linoleic acid content, growth and production ...
Mushtakova V M - - 2009
Effect of acetylsalycilic acid (aspirin; Ron-Pulenk) on activity of mouse neutrophil peroxydase system was investigated. Using luminol-dependent chemiluminscence and cytochemical methods we demonstrated that neutrophil peroxydase system in mice receiving aspirin for 14 days is probably determined by stimulation of myeloperoxydase synthesis.
Merinville E - - 2009
Citation: IFSCC Magazine, 11 (2008) (2) 115-119 Abstract: Hydroxy acids enjoy tremendous interest in cosmetology thanks to their skin anti-ageing and water barrier enhancing activities. One of their actions is to promote the natural stratum corneum (stratum corneum) desquamatory process. However, their use is limited due to an inherent pH-related ...
Diezel Celia - - 2009
Salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), ethylene (ET), and their interactions mediate plant responses to pathogen and herbivore attack. JA-SA and JA-ET cross-signaling are well studied, but little is known about SA-ET cross-signaling in plant-herbivore interactions. When the specialist herbivore tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta) attacks Nicotiana attenuata, rapid and transient ...
da Silva Cruz Aline - - 2010
Morphological alterations, by means of histological and ultrastructural analysis, have been used to determine the effects of boric acid and fipronil on midgut tissues of honeybee worker, Apis mellifera L. larvae. In order to observe possible morphological alterations in the midgut, two groups of bioassays were performed. In the first ...
Kornhauser Andrija - - 2009
alpha-Hydroxy acids (alphaHAs) are reported to reduce signs of aging in the skin and are widely used cosmetic ingredients. Several studies suggest that alphaHA can increase the sensitivity of skin to ultraviolet radiation. More recently, beta-hydroxy acids (betaHAs), or combinations of alphaHA and betaHA have also been incorporated into antiaging ...
de Torres Zabala Marta - - 2009
The importance of phytohormone balance is increasingly recognized as central to the outcome of plant-pathogen interactions. Recently it has been demonstrated that abscisic acid signalling pathways are utilized by the bacterial phytopathogen Pseudomonas syringae to promote pathogenesis. In this study, we examined the dynamics, inter-relationship and impact of three key ...
Jung Ho Won - - 2009
Plants possess inducible systemic defense responses when locally infected by pathogens. Bacterial infection results in the increased accumulation of the mobile metabolite azelaic acid, a nine-carbon dicarboxylic acid, in the vascular sap of Arabidopsis that confers local and systemic resistance against the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Azelaic acid primes plants to ...
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