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Logashenko Evgeniya B - - 2011
Triterpenoids are used for medicinal purposes in many countries. Some, such as oleanolic and glycyrrhetinic acids, are known to be anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic. However, the biological activities of these naturally occurring molecules against their particular targets are weak, so the synthesis of new synthetic analogues with enhanced potency is needed. ...
Schirner Kathrin - - 2011
The cell envelopes of Gram-positive bacteria comprise two major constituents, peptidoglycan and teichoic acids. Wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are anionic glycophosphate polymers that play important roles in bacterial cell growth, division, and pathogenesis. They are synthesized intracellularly and exported by an ABC transporter to the cell surface, where they are ...
McMahon Kaylin M - - 2011
We report a gold nanoparticle-templated high density lipoprotein (HDL AuNP) platform for gene therapy that combines lipid-based nucleic acid transfection strategies with HDL biomimicry. For proof-of-concept, HDL AuNPs are shown to adsorb antisense cholesterylated DNA. The conjugates are internalized by human cells, can be tracked within cells using transmission electron ...
Yang Heejung - - 2011
Bioassay-guided fractionation of an 80% MeOH extract of leaves and twigs of Juglan sinensis has resulted in the isolation of four new triterpenes (1-4) and 17 known triterpenes (5-21). The new compounds were determined to be 1-oxo-3β,23-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), 1-oxo-3β-hydroxyolean-18-ene (2), 3β,23-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), and 3β,22α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside ...
Oshima Tadayuki - - 2011
Current experimental models of esophageal epithelium in vitro suffer from either poor differentiation or complicated culture systems. We have established a model to study stratified squamous epithelium in vitro, which is very similar to esophageal epithelium in vivo. A stratified squamous multilayer epithelium was formed by seeding primary normal human ...
Kaur Rajbir - - 2011
Semi-synthetic analogues of β-boswellic acid (BA) and 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (KBA) were comparatively evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against human myeloid leukaemia (HL-60) and human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells. 2-Cyano analogues of both the triterpenes were observed to have significant cytotoxicity against both the cells, displaying cytotoxicity in HL-60 cells at ...
Winnik Stephan - - 2011
Epidemiological studies report an inverse association between plant-derived dietary α-linolenic acid (ALA) and cardiovascular events. However, little is known about the mechanism of this protection. We assessed the cellular and molecular mechanisms of dietary ALA (flaxseed) on atherosclerosis in a mouse model. Eight-week-old male apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice were ...
Wang Yu - - 2011
The relationship between lactose starvation and cryotolerance was investigated in Lactobacillus acidophilus RD758. Cryotolerance was measured from the acidification activity of cells recovered after 18-h lactose starvation. It was compared to that of nonstarved cells, both of them in a stationary phase and in the same medium. This measurement allowed ...
Manda Katrin - - 2011
PURPOSE: : The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid cis-5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) can enhance the radiosensitivity of different human tumor cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : Colon adenocarcinoma cells HT-29, and two glioblastoma multiforme tumor cells T98G and U251 were cultured under standard ...
Liu Xiaoyi - - 2011
Selective amino acid restriction targets mitochondria to induce apoptosis of DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells. Biochemical assays and flow cytometry were uitilized to analyze the glucose consumption, lactate production, pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)/NADH and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)/NADPH ratios, mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase (GPx), manganese superoxide ...
Maudsdotter Lisa - - 2011
Lactobacilli are known to prevent colonization by many pathogens; nevertheless, the mechanisms of their protective effect are largely unknown. In this work, we investigated the role of lactobacilli during infection of epithelial cells with group A streptococci (GAS). GAS cause a variety of illnesses ranging from noninvasive disease to more ...
Golej Deidre L - - 2011
Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSLs) catalyze the thioesterification of long-chain FAs into their acyl-CoA derivatives. Purified ACSL4 is an arachidonic acid (20:4)-preferring ACSL isoform, and ACSL4 is therefore a probable regulator of lipid mediator production in intact cells. Eicosanoids play important roles in vascular homeostasis and disease, yet the role of ...
Lieke Thorsten - - 2011
The etiologic agent of Chagas' disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, is widely distributed in South America, affecting millions of people with thousands of deaths every year. Adherence of the infectious trypomastigote to host cells is mediated by sialic acid. T. cruzi cannot synthesize sialic acids on their own but cleave them from ...
Theoduloz Cristina - - 2011
Carnosic acid (CA) is the main phenolic diterpene of rosemary ( ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS L., Lamiaceae) and presents gastroprotective effect IN VITRO and IN VIVO. To determine structure-activity relationships, seventeen esters and ethers of CA were prepared, comprising aliphatic, aromatic, and heterocyclic compounds. The naturally occurring 12- O-methylcarnosic acid ( 14) ...
Kimachi Keiichiro - - 2011
Bisphosphonates have been known to directly inhibit bone resorption and promote apoptosis in mature osteoclasts. Although bisphosphonates have been recognized as the most effective drugs to treat osteoporosis and bone cancer metastasis, the exact effects and mechanism(s) of bisphosphonates on osteoclastogenesis are unclear. The aim of this study was to ...
Nakamura Yoko - - 2011
Jasmonates are ubiquitously occurring plant growth regulators with high structural diversity that mediate numerous developmental processes and stress responses. We have recently identified 12-O-β-D-glucopyranosyljasmonic acid as the bioactive metabolite, leaf-closing factor (LCF), which induced nyctinastic leaf closure of Samanea saman. We demonstrate that leaf closure of isolated Samanea pinnae is ...
Parrill Abby L - - 2011
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid involved in signaling pathways that result in cell survival, proliferation, migration and invasion. These cellular responses are a critical element of both normal development as well as pathophysiology. In particular, dysregulated LPA production and function have been linked with cancer and cardiovascular disease. ...
Huang Hongbiao - - 2011
Proteasome inhibition has emerged as a novel approach to anticancer therapy. Numerous natural compounds, such as gambogic acid, have been tested in vitro and in vivo as anticancer agents for cancer prevention and therapy. However, whether gambogic acid has chemosensitizing properties when combined with proteasome inhibitors in the treatment of ...
Choi Sung-E - - 2011
Saturated fatty acids are generally cytotoxic to β-cells. Accumulation of lipid intermediates and subsequent activation of lipid-mediated signals has been suggested to play a role in fatty acid-induced toxicity. To determine the effects of lipid metabolism in fatty acid-induced toxicity, lipid metabolism was modulated by up- and down-regulation of a ...
Kikuchi Takashi - - 2011
Eleven triterpene acids, 1-11, isolated from the leaves of Eriobotrya japonica, were evaluated for inhibition of DNA topoisomerase (Topo) I and cytotoxicity against human leukemia (HL60) and melanoma cell lines (CRL1579). Among the compounds tested, four compounds, δ-oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), 3-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl tormentic acid (8), and betulinic acid ...
Rezamand P - - 2011
Trans fatty acids (tFA) contribute to inflammation. The objective was to investigate the effects of tFA on mRNA expression of proinflammatory markers in cultured bovine mammary epithelial cells (MAC-T cell line). Bovine mammary epithelial cells were grown in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. Cells were then ...
Elizalde Carina - - 2011
Retinoic acid and Wnt/β-catenin signals play important roles during neuronal differentiation but less is known about noncanonical Wnt signals in this context. We examined retinoic acid and Wnt signaling in two human embryonal carcinoma cell lines, NTERA-2 (clone D1), which undergoes neuronal differentiation in response to retinoic acid, and 2102Ep, ...
Stefano Antonio Di - - 2011
L-Dopa is the mainstay of Parkinson's disease therapy; this drug is usually administered orally, but it is extensively metabolized in the gastrointestinal tract, so that relatively little arrives in the bloodstream as intact L-Dopa. The peripheral conversion of L-Dopa by amino acid decarboxylase to dopamine is responsible for the typical ...
Lu Ling - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e15150 in vol. 5.].
Juman Sachiko - - 2011
We previously reported that caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) suppresses 3T3-L1 differentiation to adipocytes through the inhibition of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) alpha, fatty acid synthase (Fas) and adipocytes-specific fatty acid binding protein 2 (aP2) expressions (Juman et al., Biol. Pharm. Bull., 33, 1484-1488 (2010)). In ...
Viala Julie P M - - 2011
During the course of infection, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium must successively survive the harsh acid stress of the stomach and multiply into a mild acidic compartment within macrophages. Inducible amino acid decarboxylases are known to promote adaptation to acidic environments. Three low pH inducible amino acid decarboxylases were annotated in ...
Ma Shuangtao - - 2011
Elevated plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels have been linked to the development of atherosclerosis. However, how FFA causes atherosclerosis has not been determined. Because fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) is responsible for the uptake of FFA, we hypothesized that the atherogenic effects of FFA may be mediated via CD36. We ...
Huang Fong-Chin - - 2011
Plant lipoxygenases (LOXs) have been proposed to form biologically active compounds both during normal developmental stages such as germination or growth as well as during responses to environmental stress such as wounding or pathogen attack. In our previous study, we found that enzyme activity of endogenous 9-LOX in Nicotiana benthamiana ...
Notarnicola Maria - - 2011
n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are the two major classes of PUFAs encountered in the diet, and both classes of fatty acids are required for normal human health. Moreover, PUFAs have effects on diverse pathological processes impacting chronic disease, such as cardiovascular and immune disease, neurological disease, and ...
Abdolahifard M M Textile Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, 424 Harez Avenue, Tehran 15914, - - 2011
Graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fabrics with the aid of benzoyl peroxide was carried out. The effect of polymerization parameters on the graft yield was studied. Percent grafting was enhanced significantly by increasing benzoyl peroxide (BP) concentrations up to 3.84 g/lit and then decreased upon further ...
Liu Aiping - - 2011
Sialic acids with a nine-carbon backbone are commonly found at the terminal position of the glycans structures on cell membranes. The unique distribution and ubiquitous existence of sialic acid on the cell membrane make them important mediators in various biological and pathological processes. We report a new class of imaging ...
Troshin Pavel A - - 2010
The synthesis, characterization and photovoltaic study of two novel derivatives of [70]fullerene, phenyl-C(71)-propionic acid propyl ester ([70]PCPP) and phenyl-C(71)-propionic acid butyl ester ([70]PCPB), are reported. [70]PCPP and [70]PCPB outperform the conventional material (6,6)-phenyl-C(71)-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM) in solar cells based on poly(2-methoxy-5-{3',7'-dimethyloctyloxy}-p-phenylene vinylene) (MDMO-PPV) as a donor polymer using ...
Ulbrich Karsten - - 2010
Folic acid has been previously demonstrated to mediate intracellular nanoparticle uptake. Here, we investigated cellular uptake of folic acid-conjugated human serum albumin nanoparticles (HSA NPs). HSA NPs were prepared by desolvation and stabilised by chemical cross-linking with glutaraldehyde. Folic acid was covalently coupled to amino groups on the surface of ...
Troshin Pavel A - - 2011
The synthesis, characterization and photovoltaic study of two novel derivatives of [70]fullerene, phenyl-C₇₁-propionic acid propyl ester ([70]PCPP) and phenyl-C₇₁-propionic acid butyl ester ([70]PCPB), are reported. [70]PCPP and [70]PCPB outperform the conventional material (6,6)-phenyl-C₇₁-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM) in solar cells based on poly(2-methoxy-5-{3',7'-dimethyloctyloxy}-p-phenylene vinylene) (MDMO-PPV) as a donor polymer using ...
Lin Chun-Che - - 2011
Three triterpenic acids, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid and maslinic acid, at 2 or 4 μmol/L were used to study their antiangiogenic potential in human liver cancer Hep3B, Huh7 and HA22T cell lines. The effects of these compounds upon the level and/or expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, basic fibroblast growth factor ...
Jerigova Monika - - 2010
PURPOSE: Identification and localization of biomolecules in cells and tissue samples are important for understanding of subcellular structures and can be helpful in biomedical and pharmaceutical research. PROCEDURES: Isolated cardiac cells and tissue of rats are studied by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. This technique provides chemical composition of ...
Khokon Md Atiqur Rahman - - 2011
Salicylic acid (SA), a ubiquitous phenolic phytohormone, is involved in many plant physiological processes including stomatal movement. We analysed SA-induced stomatal closure, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO), cytosolic calcium ion ([Ca(2+) ](cyt) ) oscillations and inward-rectifying potassium (K(+) (in) ) channel activity in Arabidopsis. SA-induced ...
Igoillo-Esteve Mariana - - 2010
Metabolism in trypanosomatids is compartmentalised with major pathways, notably glycolysis, present in peroxisome-like organelles called glycosomes. To date, little information is available about the transport of metabolites through the glycosomal membrane. Previously, three ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, called GAT1-3 for Glycosomal ABC Transporters 1 to 3, have been identified in ...
Deguil Julie - - 2010
Exposure of pancreatic β cells to long-chain saturated fatty acids (SFA) induces a so-called endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that can ultimately lead to cell death. This process is believed to participate in insulin deficiency associated with type 2 diabetes, via a decrease in β-cell mass. By contrast, some unsaturated fatty ...
Lemaire Sandrine - - 2011
In contrast to currently marketed fluoroquinolones, which are zwitterionic, delafloxacin is an investigational fluoroquinolone with an anionic character that is highly active against Gram-positive bacteria. We have examined the effect of acidic pH on its accumulation in Staphylococcus aureus and in human THP-1 cells, in parallel with its activity against ...
Yabu Masahiko - - 2011
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a cytokine produced by T(h)17 cells that plays an important role in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases and cancer. Stimulation with IL-6, transforming growth factor-β , IL-21, IL-1β and IL-23 is required for differentiation of T(h)17 cells and the production of IL-17A. Recently, we reported that tumor-derived lactic ...
Kodali Sreedevi - - 2010
Melasma, a common disorder of hyperpigmentation, is often resistant to therapy. Although salicylic acid peels have been reported to be useful for patients with recalcitrant melasma, controlled trials are lacking. We sought to determine the efficacy of salicylic acid peels when added to hydroquinone in the treatment of melasma. Twenty ...
Lee Joon No - - 2010
Fatty acids (FAs) are essential for cell survival, yet their overaccumulation causes lipotoxicity. To prevent lipotoxicity, cells store excess FAs as triglycerides (TGs). In cultured cells TG synthesis is activated by excess unsaturated but not saturated FAs. Here, we identify Ubxd8 as a sensor for unsaturated FAs and regulator of ...
Elizalde Carina - - 2010
Retinoic acid and Wnt/β-catenin signals play important roles during neuronal differentiation but less is known about noncanonical Wnt signals in this context. We examined retinoic acid and Wnt signaling in two human embryonal carcinoma cell lines, NTERA-2 (clone D1), which undergoes neuronal differentiation in response to retinoic acid, and 2102Ep, ...
Chen Dong-Yi - - 2011
A bifunctional compound 1 was designed and synthesized, in which the donor-π-conjugated-acceptor-cyanoacrylic acid configuration is suited for DSSC, while the tetraoxa-azacrown (donor) part also acts as the recognition unit for e.g. Ca(2+) and the output of DSSC is utilized as signal transduction, demonstrating a new recognition concept using DSSC.
Pike Lisa S - - 2010
Normal differentiated cells rely primarily on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintain their viability and functions by using three major bioenergetic fuels: glucose, glutamine and fatty acids. Many cancer cells, however, rely on aerobic glycolysis for their growth and survival, and recent studies indicate that some ...
Bernini Roberta - - 2011
A novel ester of hydroxytyrosol and α-lipoic acid was synthesized in satisfactory yield by original and simple procedures and evaluated about its antiproliferative activity on the human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cell line. The compound exhibited a cell growth inhibitory activity significantly more potent than the corresponding parent natural compounds, very ...
Abdel-Daim Mohamed - - 2010
Chemical peeling is one of the dermatological treatments available for certain cutaneous diseases and conditions or improvement of cosmetic appearance of photo-aged skin. We assessed the photo-chemopreventive effect of several clinically used chemical peeling agents on the ultraviolet-irradiated skin of hairless mice. Chemical peeling was done using 35% glycolic acid ...
Javadzadeh Yousef - - 2011
Regarding the potential severe toxicity associated with systemic administration of methotrexate (MTX), a topical formulation might be of greater utility for the treatment of psoriasis and other hyperproliferative skin disorders. One of the presumed reasons for the lack of clinical activity of topical methotrexate in psoriasis is insufficient percutaneous penetration ...
Karunadasa Kolitha P - - 2010
Acid burn causes a nonthermal trauma, with higher prevalence in developing countries. These burns are potentially lethal if it involves a significant proportion of the body surface. A retrospective review was performed by analyzing patient records of the Burns and Reconstructive Surgical Unit for 18 months. We received 46 acid ...
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