Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1366
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Pedano M L - - 2000
The affinity of mushroom polyphenol oxidase (PPO) towards gentisic acid (GA), a metabolite of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA), is demonstrated by spectrophotometry and by electrochemical techniques. The enzyme can selectively recognize GA even in the presence of large excess of ASA and its metabolic derivatives (salicylic acid (SA) and salicyluric ...
Rastogi S C - - 2000
Contents of 23 preservatives (22 permitted and 1 non-permitted) were analysed in 67 skin creams to verify whether these products complied with the Cosmetic Directive with respect to ingredient labelling, as well as with respect to maximum allowed concentrations of the respective preservatives. The preservatives selected for the analysis were: ...
Jarvis A P - - 2000
Stable-isotope-labelled (2H6, 18O) 3-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoic acid, a putative intermediate in the biosynthesis of benzoic acid (BA) and salicylic acid (SA) from cinnamic acid, has been synthesized and administered to cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and Nicotiana attenuata (Torrey). Analysis of the products by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed incorporation of labelling into BA ...
Coudray C - - 2000
The in vivo measurement of highly reactive free radicals, such as the z.rad OH radical, is very difficult. New specific markers, which are based on the ability of z.rad OH to attack the benzene rings of aromatic molecules, are currently under investigation. The produced hydroxylated compounds can be measured directly. ...
DeBlassio J L - - 2000
Bifunctional peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) catalyzes the copper-, ascorbate-, and O2-dependent cleavage of C-terminal glycine-extended peptides, N-acylglycines, and the bile acid glycine conjugates to the corresponding amides and glyoxylate. Two known metabolites of aspirin, salicyluric acid and gentisuric acid, are also substrates for PAM, leading to the formation of salicylamide ...
Cook K K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Until recently, standard techniques for laser or chemical peeling have not always provided consistent results when applied to the nonfacial skin. OBJECTIVE: The author describes a more controlled chemical peel technique for nonfacial skin using 70% glycolic acid gel combined with 40% trichloroacetic acid (TCA). The method has given ...
Srivastava MK - - 2000
Salicylic acid treatment has been found to delay the ripening of banana fruits (Musa acuminata). Fruit softening, pulp:peel ratio, reducing sugar content, invertase and respiration rate have been found to decrease in salicylic acid treated fruits as compared with control ones. The activities of major cell wall degrading enzymes, viz. ...
Capitán Morales L C - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The present research project has been made mainly with the idea of comparing the tensile strength values and histological answers of three types of colon anastomosis: sutured with silk 5/0; polyglycolic acid 5/0; and sutureless anastomosis with human fibrin gum. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and five (105) Wistar breath rats ...
Vietri M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether mefenamic acid and salicylic acid inhibit the sulfation of (-)-salbutamol and minoxidil in the human liver and duodenum, and if so, to ascertain whether the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) estimates are different in the two tissues. METHODS: Sulfotransferase activities were ...
Fiebich B L - - 2000
Paracetamol has mild analgesic and antipyretic properties and is, along with acetylsalicylic acid, one of the most popular "over the counter" analgesic agents. However, the mechanism underlying its clinical effects is unknown. Another drug whose mechanism of action is unknown is caffeine, which is often used in combination with other ...
Boyvat A - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIM: Even though emollients are commonly used in combination with photochemotherapy, we still lack guidance for the selection of the appropriate emollient to be used in combination with photochemotherapy. The purpose of our study was to determine the interaction of commonly used emollients with photochemotherapy. METHODS: The study was carried ...
Berlanga M - - 2000
The influence of salicylic acid on the permeability and susceptibility of Serratia marcescens to both nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin was studied, as well as the effect of salicylate on outer membrane proteins and lipopolysaccharide. As salicylic acid concentration increased, ciprofloxacin accumulation decreased with a concomitant, previously observed, reduction in the ...
Klotz J H - - 2000
The oral toxicity of boron compounds to the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), was evaluated in laboratory tests. The ants were provided 25% sucrose water containing 0.5 and 1% boric acid, disodium octaborate tetrahydrate, and borax. Lethal times of these solutions were a function of the concentration of boron. In ...
Lodén M - - 2000
Dandruff (pityriasis capitis) is a chronic scalp condition characterized by scaling and sometimes itching and redness. Shampoos containing antifungal agents are used to control the scaling condition. In the present study, two shampoos with different actives are compared in a double-blind, randomised and bilateral study on 19 subjects. One shampoo ...
Hinz B - - 2000
The poor cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor and major aspirin metabolite salicylic acid is known to exert analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects by still unidentified mechanisms. In RAW 264.7 macrophages, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced COX-2-dependent synthesis of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) was suppressed by aspirin (IC(50) of 5. 35 microM), whereas no significant inhibition was observed ...
Dinis P B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The in vitro synergy of the amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combination has not always translated in vivo into clinical superiority compared with amoxicillin alone. Specifically, conflicting reports have disputed the superiority of the combination in the treatment of both acute otitis media and acute sinusitis. One possible reason for this may ...
Chipperfield J R - - 2000
Using a newly available program for calculating the concentrations and speciation of various ions (Pettit, LD & Powell KJ, 'SolEq' Academic Software, 1999), we have calculated that at pH 7 the amount of free Fe(III) present in an aqueous solution is 1.4 x 10(-9) M and not 10(-18) M as ...
Hooper-Bui L M - - 2000
Comprehensive laboratory baiting studies with the 4 insecticides abamectin, boric acid, fipronil, and hydramethylnon were conducted against Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr). Serial dilutions of each insecticide prepared in a 25% sucrose solution were provided for 24 h or 14 d to groups of workers and queens. Sucrose-water baits containing ...
Davidson R N - - 2000
Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by macrophages is cidal to Leishmania. Since NO diffuses into tissues, we reasoned that NO-generating creams applied topically to lesions might be an effective and inexpensive treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). NO was generated non-enzymatically by the acidification of nitrite (KNO2) by ascorbic acid (ASC) or ...
McElhinney B R - - 2000
Women suffer a significant degree of perineal morbidity in the postpartum period. For some, it can be significant and interfere with daily activities. Although there seems to be no doubt that polyglycolic acid derivatives are superior to non absorbable sutures with regard to wound healing, problems still occur with their ...
Gladstone H B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Salicylic acid, hydroquinone, and glycolic acid have been proved effective in the treatment of photodamaged facial skin. Few reports are available on the treatment of photodamage on the neck and upper chest. OBJECTIVE: This study's purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of a cream containing 4% hydroquinone and 2% ...
Sivasankar S - - 2000
Allene oxide synthase (AOS; hydroperoxide dehydratase; EC 4.2.1.92) catalyzes the first step in the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid from lipoxygenase-derived hydroperoxides of free fatty acids. Using the AOS cDNA from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), in which the role of jasmonic acid in wound-induced defense gene activation has been best described, we ...
Vietri M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to study the inhibition of 11 nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the human liver phenol sulfotransferases (HL-PST) and catechol sulfotransferase (HL-CST). METHODS: The activities of HL-PST and HL-CST were measured with 4 microM 4-nitrophenol and 60 microM dopamine (the sulfate acceptors) and 0.4 ...
Stuart A E - - 2000
An artificial membrane, blood-feeding method was used to assess the repellent and antifeedant effects of derivatives of salicylic acid on the biting midge Culicoides impunctatus Goetghebeur. Trans-2-hydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid, 6-methylsalicylic acid, 2,6-dihydroxy-4-methylbenzoic acid, and salicyluric acid caused highly significant inhibition of feeding, with salicyluric acid performing significantly greater than the other ...
Johnson B A - - 2000
Although management of acne is sometimes difficult, primary care physicians can offer a number of treatment plans to patients with this skin condition. Comedonal acne usually responds to topical keratolytics, such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, adapalene, and tretinoin. Inflammatory acne is usually treated with topical therapy plus a systemic ...
Ruuhola T M - - 2000
Salicylates, the main phenolic glucosides of northern willow (Salix spp.), play an important role in plant-herbivore interactions. Salicylates are labile metabolites that are thought to undergo metabolic turnover. Salicylates are synthesized from phenylalanine (Phe) via the shikimate pathway. 2-Aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid (AIP), a strong inhibitor of Phe ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.5), was ...
Piérard-Franchimont C - - 2000
A randomized double-blind clinical study was conducted on two groups of 30 volunteers using either a non-tar shampoo (2% salicylic acid, 0.75% piroctone olamine and 0.5% elubiol) or a 0.5% coal tar shampoo. Subjects were diagnosed as having moderate to marked dandruff. The study consisted of a 3-week washout, followed ...
Korkmaz A - - 2000
Although there is increasing interest in "alternative medicine," including nontraditional and homeopathic remedies, all around the world, they are not always safe and beneficial and may have adverse effects. We report a chemical burn caused by vinegar applied topically to lower body temperature in a febrile newborn and discuss briefly ...
Weichert H - - 1999
In barley leaves, 13-lipoxygenases (13-LOXs) are induced by salicylate (SA) and jasmonate. Here, we show by metabolic profiling that upon SA treatment, free linolenic acid and linoleic acid accumulate in a 10:1 ratio reflecting their relative occurrence in leaf tissues. Furthermore, 13-LOX-derived products are formed and specifically directed into the ...
Shankaran M - - 1999
The mechanism of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced depletion of brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) has been proposed to involve the generation of reactive oxygen species. In the present study, quantification of the extracellular concentration of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) from salicylic acid was used as an index of hydroxyl radical generation. Although both MDMA ...
England G C - - 1999
Two different doses of clavulanic acid-potentiated amoxycillin were evaluated for their effect upon semen quality and libido in dogs. There was no significant difference in either parameter between control dogs and dogs treated with clavulanic acid-potentiated amoxycillin at either 12.5 mgkg-1 or 25 mgkg-1 orally twice daily for 28 d. ...
Yeh C C - - 1999
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) was used to determine the inhibition of arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and DNA adduct formation in a human bladder tumour cell line (T24). The activity of NAT was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, assaying for the amounts of N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene and N-acetyl-p-aminobenzoic acid and remaining 2-aminofluorene and p-aminobenzoic ...
Endres S - - 1999
Organic nitrates release nitric oxide when incubated with thiosalicylic acid. S-Nitrooxyacylated esters and amides of thiosalicylic acid, together with the corresponding salicylates, were synthesized in order to perform a first in vitro evaluation of these new nitrate-thiol-hybrid prodrugs. These prodrugs might release NO in vivo after biotransformation without the use ...
Oliyai R - - 1999
The chemical, enzymatic, and biological stabilities and physical properties of a series of salicylate and aryl ester prodrugs of the antiviral agent, cyclic HPMPC, were evaluated to support the selection of a lead compound for clinical development. Chemical stabilities of the prodrugs in buffered solutions at 37 degrees C were ...
Tsai J - - 1999
Distribution of salicylic acid in human stratum corneum from treatment of six different formulations was assessed by quantitation of drug content in sequentially tape-stripped stratum corneum after a single 2-h dose was applied unoccluded to skin on the ventral forearm of four female subjects. The profile and total amounts of ...
Alur H H - - 1999
The objective of this study was to evaluate the gum from Hakea gibbosa (Hakea) as a sustained-release and mucoadhesive component in buccal tablets following their application to the buccal mucosa of rabbits. Flat-faced core tablets containing either 22 or 32 mg of Hakea and 40 or 25 mg of chlorpheniramine ...
Benfeldt E - - 1999
Our aim was to simultaneously investigate 2 techniques for in vivo sampling of peripheral compartment pharmacokinetics after systemic administration of acetylsalicylic acid. Ten volunteers were given 2 g acetylsalicylic acid orally. Blood samples and dialysates from 4 microdialysis probes inserted in the dermis of the forearm were collected for 5 ...
Carpenter B B - - 1999
Chemical burns to the lower extremity can be disabling and of serious consequence if not managed properly. The severity and rapid onset of the burns caused by hydrofluoric acid after initial contact make this a highly dangerous substance. The potential severity of injury and the following complications make it a ...
Kawaguchi H - - 1999
Adult onset of inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus (ILVEN) is reported in a 44-year-old Japanese man. A mild pruritic eruption appeared one year earlier and extended from the left dorsal foot to the gluteal region. Histologically, acanthosis and papillomatous thickening of epidermis as well as spongiotic edema and exocytosis with ...
Yoder J A - - 1999
Squalene is a naturally occurring lipid on mammalian skin and is an attractant to the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.). In this study, we compared squalene to the standard tick-attractants, benzaldehyde, isobutyric acid, methyl salicylate, nonanoic acid, and o-nitrophenol identified as active ingredients of tick aggregation-attachment pheromones and determined ...
Kao W F - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide the first description of the effects of ingestion of low-concentration hydrofluoric acid in a population reported to a regional poison control center. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data collected by trained personnel using a standardized data collection system was performed. ...
Arnaud N - - 1999
The determination of salicylic, p-aminosalicylic and 5-fluorosalicylic acids was investigated using terbium-sensitized luminescence in aqueous solutions. Formation of a ternary chelate between terbium, EDTA and the salicylic acid requires dissociation of the phenol group which is adjacent to the dissociated carboxylic group. The reaction is obtained in alkaline solutions and ...
Price C T - - 1999
Salicylate, acetyl-salicylate, benzoate and ibuprofen increased fusidic acid MICs for fusidic acid-resistant and -susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus representing six genetic lineages. The effects of these substances on fusidic acid resistance levels occurred in a strain-dependent manner. The weak acid acetate, and acetaminophen did not alter fusidic acid resistance levels, ...
Everett S A - - 1999
2-Nitroimidazoles were synthesised substituted with aspirin or salicylic acid, as leaving groups linked through the (imidazol-5-yl)methyl position. Activation of aqueous solutions by CO2*- (a model one-electron reductant) resulted in release of aspirin or salicylate, probably via the 2-hydroxyaminoimidazole. The analogous 2-nitroimidazole with bromide as leaving group eliminated bromide in < ...
Sasaki T - - 1999
For in vivo measurement of the hydroxyl radical (.OH), we synthesized [11C]salicylic acid, [11C]O-acetylsalicylic acid and [11C]2-methoxybenzoic acid by carboxylation of 2-bromomagnesiumanisol using [11C]CO2. The radiochemical yield of [11C]salicylic acid, [11C]O-acetylsalicylic acid and [11C]2-methoxybenzoic acid calculated from trapped [11C]CO2 in a liquid argon cooled stainless tube was 7.3 +/- 1.6, ...
De Meyer G - - 1999
Root colonization by specific nonpathogenic bacteria can induce a systemic resistance in plants to pathogen infections. In bean, this kind of systemic resistance can be induced by the rhizobacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7NSK2 and depends on the production of salicylic acid by this strain. In a model with plants grown in ...
Tomida Y - - 1999
Sugar-coated tablets containing aluminum acetylsalicylate gradually developed black spots on their surface. A factorial experiment was performed based on an L32 orthogonal array table in an attempt to halt this phenomenon. The factor responsible proved to be talc used to formulate the smooth coating layer over the subcoating layer containing ...
Li J - - 1999
The interaction between acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and membrane was studied by NMR spectra. (1) NMR spectra showed acetylsalicylic acid did not insert into membrane; (2) 1H NMR spectrum recorded by spin-echo pulse sequence showed protons of the aromatic ring interacted with membrane; (3) the change of spin-lattice relaxation (T1) of ...
Kock J L - - 1999
Aggregation of ascospores has been discovered in the yeast Dipodascopsis uninucleata. When this yeast is cultivated to reach the sexual reproductive stage, small ascospores are individually released from the tip of a sac-like ascus which then aggregate in orderly clusters. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) inhibited ascospore release and subsequent ordered aggregation ...
Benedito M A - - 1999
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), the most used drug worldwide, is hydrolyzed to salicylic acid and acetate by esterases present in tissues of several species including humans. Sex differences in drug metabolism by rodent liver are documented in the literature. In this paper we report a difference in the activities of the ...
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