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Results 451 - 500 of 1394
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Hamiduzzaman Mollah Md - - 2005
beta-Aminobutyric acid (BABA) was used to induce resistance in grapevine (Vitis vinifera) against downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola). This led to a strong reduction of mycelial growth and sporulation in the susceptible cv. Chasselas. Comparing different inducers, the best protection was achieved with BABA followed by jasmonic acid (JA), whereas benzo ...
Koeduka Takao - - 2005
Plant fatty acid alpha-dioxygenases (DOXs) catalyze the stereospecific conversion of fatty acids into the corresponding (R)-2-hydroperoxy fatty acids. In several plant species the corresponding gene was shown to be induced by pathogen infection, herbivore attack and environmental stresses. The precise signaling pathway accountable for the induction remains unidentified. In the ...
Liu Hong-Tao - - 2006
The relationship between the accumulation in endogenous free salicylic acid (SA) induced by heat acclimation (37 degrees C) and the activity of PIP(2)-phospholipase C (PIP(2)-PLC; EC 3.1.4.3) in the plasma membrane fraction was investigated in pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves. We focused our attention on the hypothesis that positive SA ...
Urbanek H - - 2005
Treatment of read canary grass leaves with phenol, 4-chlorophenol, naphthalic anhydride and phenylethylisothiocyanate increased glutathione S-transferase activity by 1.4-2.4-fold (control 17 U g(-1) DW). Benzothiadiazole, beta-aminobutyric acid and salicylic acid increased activity by 1.3-1.8-fold. Total glutathione pool was increased by the toxic compounds by 1.2-2-fold and by the elicitors 1.4-1.6-fold ...
Wang Yu-Chi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To induce apoptosis of endometriotic cells of patients with endometriosis. DESIGN: To demonstrate that polyglycolic acid/chitosan glue directly inhibits cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis. SETTING: University hospital infertility center. PATIENT(S): Twelve women who visited the center for infertility therapy. INTERVENTION(S): Polyglycolic acid/chitosan glue was applied into primary endometriotic cells; ...
Porto Raffaella - - 2005
The second dissociation constant of salicylic acid (H2L) has been determined, at 25 degrees C, in NaCl ionic media by UV spectrophotometric measurements. The investigated ionic strength values were 0.16, 0.25, 0.50, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 M. The protolysis constants calculated at the different ionic strengths yielded, with the Specific ...
Reszka Krzysztof J - - 2005
Oxidation of anthracyclines leads to their degradation and inactivation. This process is carried out by peroxidases in the presence of a catalytic cofactor, a good peroxidase substrate. Here, we investigated the effect of salicylic acid, a commonly used anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent, on the peroxidative metabolism of anthracyclines. We report ...
Ha Tae Joung - - 2005
6[8'(Z)-pentadecenyl]salicylic acid, otherwise known as anacardic acid (C15:1), inhibited the linoleic acid peroxidation catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, type 1) with an IC50 of 6.8 microM. The inhibition of the enzyme by anacardic acid (C15:1) is a slow and reversible reaction without residual activity. The inhibition kinetics analyzed by ...
Benveniste Irène - - 2005
CYP94A1 is a cytochrome P450 (P450) catalyzing fatty acid (FA) omega-hydroxylation in Vicia sativa seedlings. To study the physiological role of this FA monooxygenase, we report here on its regulation at the transcriptional level (Northern blot). Transcripts of CYP94A1, as those of two other P450-dependent FA hydroxylases (CYP94A2 and CYP94A3) ...
Wang Weizhou - - 2005
Equilibrium geometries, energies, and vibrational frequencies of cage-shaped boric acid clusters including the onion-like structure have been calculated at the HF/6-31G and B3LYP/6-31G(d) levels of theory. A family of cage-shaped boric acid clusters becomes evident according to our calculations. Each member of the family is formed by strong O-H...O hydrogen ...
Birgin Bahar - - 2005
Various agents which can be used in combination can also interfere with phototherapy. In this study, the effects of topical petrolatum and 20% salicylic acid in petrolatum upon skin photoreaction to UVA were investigated, in an in vivo test. Minimal phototoxic dose (MPD) test was performed on 31 volunteers and ...
Wu Rong - - 2005
Angiotensin II is an important oxidative stress mediator. Our previous studies have indicated that the potent antioxidative properties of acetylsalicylic acid play an important role in its cardiovascular protective effects. There are some ongoing controversies concerning the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study ...
Duthie Garry G - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess whether regular consumption of cranberry juice results in elevations in urinary salicylate concentrations in persons not taking salicylate drugs. Two groups of healthy female subjects (11/group) matched for age, weight, and height consumed 250 mL of either cranberry juice or a placebo ...
Cai Qixiang - - 2005
Poly [bi(o-carboxyphenyl)adipate-polyethylene glycol] anhydrides--P(BOCA-PEG)--polymeric drugs were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, NMR, DSC, gel permeation chromatography, etc. Salicylic acid loading efficiency of these polymers ranged from 43.5% to 71.3%, which was much higher than that of other polymeric drugs with salicylic acid. The in vitro release of ...
Lin Song-Shei - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of acetylsalicylic acid acid on the in vitro N-acetyltransferase (NAT) enzyme activity and in vivo acetylation of 2-aminofluorene in laboratory rats. In the in vitro experiments, cytosols of blood, bladder, colon and liver cells, with or without acetylsalicylic acid co-treatment, showed ...
Mitchell Robert J - - 2005
The NagR protein is a response regulatory protein found in the bacterium Ralstonia sp. U2 that is involved in sensing for salicylic acid and the subsequent induction of the operon just upstream of its gene. The genes encoded for in this operon are involved in the degradation of salicylic acid. ...
Ghezzo Franco - - 2005
Epidemiological data suggest that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent colon cancer. The evidence for other types of tumour is less conclusive, though animal and in vitro studies indicate that they may be effective against mammary cancer cells. We assessed the effect of dietary acetylsalicylic and salicylic acid against dimethylbenzanthracene-induced rat tumours. ...
Maksyutova N N - - 2005
The effect of salicylic acid on the content of soluble proteins and individual polypeptides in Tatar buckwheat Fagopyrum tataricum calluses differing in ability for morphogenesis was studied. Changes in the protein composition of the calluses cultivated in the dark and in the light indicated the higher sensitivity of the non-morphogenic ...
Xu Lan - - 2005
A novel salicylate-selective electrode based on an organotin complex with a salicylal Schiff base of amino acid salicylaldehydeaminoacid-di-n-butyl-Sn(IV) [Sn(IV)-SAADB] as ionophore is described, which exhibits high selectivity for salicylate over many other common anions with an anti-Hofmeister selectivity sequence: Sal- >> PhCOO- > SCN- > Cl04- > I- > NO3- ...
Behra-Miellet J - - 2005
Faropenem, a new oral penem with broad spectrum activity, could be used as empirical treatment in infections due to unidentified anaerobes, but only a few investigations have been carried out on these bacteria. The aim of this study was to compare faropenem in vitro activity with that of positive antimicrobial ...
Jones T H - - 2005
The defensive chemistry of two species of ants from Brunei in the genus Crematogaster (Physocrema group) has been investigated. Ants in this group release a white secretion from hypertrophied metapleural glands on their thorax when they are disturbed. Previously, one species in this group has been shown to produce alkylphenols ...
Villa C - - 2005
Solid-liquid solvent-free phase transfer catalysis (PTC) and acidic catalysis in dry media were applied, with noticeable improvement and simplification over classical procedures in a Green Chemistry context, to the synthesis of some aromatic esters useful as cosmetic ingredients: 3-methylbutyl 4-methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 4-(dimethylamino)benzoate and 2-ethylhexyl salicylate, well-known ultraviolet B ...
Bashir S J - - 2005
Keratolytic efficacy of topical preparations containing salicylic acid was studied in humans utilizing adhesive tape stripping and quantifying SC removal by protein analysis. In combination with tape stripping, squamometry was used to evaluate the influence of salicylic acid on skin surface scaliness and desquamation. Furthermore, skin barrier perturbation and skin ...
Xu Lan - - 2005
A novel poly(vinyl chloride) membrane electrode with high selectivity toward salicylate (Sal-), based on the use of the salicylal-imino acid Schiff base dibenyl complex of Sn(IV) [Sn(IV)-SIADBen] as ionophore is described. The influence of lipophilic charged additives on the performance of the electrode was studied. The results suggested that Sn(IV)-SIADBen ...
Muraoka Sanae - - 2005
To clarify one mechanism of aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage, inactivation of creatine kinase (CK) by salicylic acid that is easily produced from aspirin in vivo was examined in the presence of lactoperoxidase (LPO) and H2O2 (LPO-H2O2). Salicylic acid inactivated CK (rabbit muscle) during its interaction with LPO-H2O2. CK activity in ...
Kikuchi Takayuki - - 2005
In order to investigate the effects of EDTA and boric acid (EDTA/boric acid) on the corneal penetration of CS-088, an ophthalmic agent, the apparent permeability coefficient of CS-088 in the presence of EDTA/boric acid across the isolated corneal membranes of rabbits was measured using an in vitro penetration chamber system. ...
Glazebrook Jane - - 2005
It has been suggested that effective defense against biotrophic pathogens is largely due to programmed cell death in the host, and to associated activation of defense responses regulated by the salicylic acid-dependent pathway. In contrast, necrotrophic pathogens benefit from host cell death, so they are not limited by cell death ...
Cartwright Andrew J - - 2005
Tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium propylamine bromide (TMPP) has been used for the derivatisation of maleic, fumaric, sorbic and salicylic acids to facilitate determination using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) in positive ion mode. Detection limits, achieved using multiple reaction monitoring mode, were 2, 4, 0.4 and 540 fmol (5 muL injection) ...
Maria Pierre-Charles - - 2005
A concerted theoretical (density-functional theory) and experimental electrospray mass spectrometry study was conducted on the formation of cesium cation adducts with small molecules taken as models of specific interactions sites in humic substances. Electrospray experiments with phenol, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, and phthalic acid, in methanolic solution containing cesium nitrate, ...
Cadroy Yves - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Recent ex vivo platelet aggregometry data indicate that clopidogrel 75 mg/day plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 75 mg/day is a more potent antiplatelet regimen than the marketed combination of dipyridamole+ASA. The present study was designed to assess the antithrombotic effect of both dual antiplatelet regimens using a human ex vivo ...
Block Anna - - 2005
SUMMARY The phytotoxin coronatine is a jasmonate mimic produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst). Coronatine acts as a virulence factor in Arabidopsis and mutants insensitive to coronatine are resistant to Pst and have higher levels of salicylic acid (SA). In this work we used the SA-deficient lines NahG and ...
McCormack Paul L - - 2005
Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 2000 mg/125 mg extended release (Augmentin XR), referred to herein as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR, is a pharmacokinetically enhanced formulation designed to provide more effective therapy in adults and adolescents than conventional formulations against community-acquired respiratory tract pathogens, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae, with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin.Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR maintains ...
He Ju - - 2005
The photoreactions of aromatic compounds were investigated in aqueous dispersions of alpha-FeOOH(goethite)/H(2)O(2) at neutral pHs. It was found that aromatic compounds could undergo rapid decomposition and mineralization (even to 100% yield) in the presence of both alpha-FeOOH and H(2)O(2) under UV irradiation, and the degradation rates of the organics were ...
Jeong Gwi-Taek - - 2005
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) hairy root cultures, established by infecting ginseng root discs with Agrobacterium rhizogenes, were used for secondary metabolite production. In this study, several elicitors [salicylic acid (SA), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), yeast elicitor, and bacterial elicitor] were used to improve the productivity of useful metabolite in P. ...
Sánchez Navarro Amparo - - 2005
The pharmacokinetic properties of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid when used alone or in combination are extensively reviewed and discussed in this article. The reported data support a nonlinear absorption process for amoxicillin. Saturable transport mechanisms, limited solubility and the existence of an absorption window are possibly involved in the gastrointestinal ...
Carroll Christie L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: While oral tacrolimus is effective for the treatment of psoriasis, tacrolimus ointment has shown only spotty efficacy in the treatment of plaque psoriasis. The efficacy of tacrolimus ointment for the treatment of facial and intertriginous psoriasis suggests that if tacrolimus penetration can be increased, the ointment could be used ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2004
The interaction between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as acetylsalicylic acid is still controversial. This study was designed to compare the effect of acetylsalicylic acid and vitamin C-releasing acetylsalicylic acid on the gastric mucosal damage and microbleeding before and after eradication of H. pylori in ...
Lee Jung-Han - - 2004
Prolyl endopeptidase (PEP, EC 3.4.21.26) hydrolyzes proline-containing neuropeptides, such as vasopressin, substance P, and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), and is suggested to participate in learning and memory processes. Ginkgo biloba leaves, upon examination for anti-amnestic constituents as new types of PEP inhibitors, showed significant PEP inhibition. PEP activity-guided fractionation and column ...
Colque Raúl - - 2004
Liquid-shake cultured shoot-clumps of Narcisus confussus were treated with the commonly used biotic elicitors methyl jasmonate, arachidonic acid, chitosan and salicylic acid. The effects of these compounds on the growth of the explants, as well as on the amount of the alkaloids released to the liquid culture medium and accumulated ...
Xu Gang - - 2004
Autografts have been extensively studied to facilitate optic nerve (ON) regeneration in animal experiments, but the clinical application of this approach to aid autoregeneration has not yet been attempted. This study aims to explore the guided regeneration by an artificial polyglycolic acid-chitosan conduit coated with recombinant L1-Fc. Consistent with previous ...
Marques Catarina R - - 2004
Metabolic products are often more toxic than their pharmacological parent compounds. Therefore, the acute and chronic effects of the main metabolites--salicylic acid (SAL), gentisic acid (GEN), and o-hydroxyhippuric acid (HDP)--of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), the active ingredient in Aspirin and many other pharmaceuticals, were assessed using standard (Daphnia magna) and autochthonous ...
Hong Hyo-Bong - - 2004
The dioxin-degrading strain Pseudomonas veronii PH-03 was isolated from contaminated soil by selective enrichment techniques. Strain PH-03 grew on dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran as a sole carbon source. Further, 1-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and other dioxin metabolites, salicylic acid, and catechol were also metabolized well. Resting cells of strain PH-03 transformed dibenzo-p-dioxin, dibenzofuran, ...
Marques Catarina R - - 2004
Pharmaceuticals have been recognized as an important group of aquatic micropollutants, mainly because of their biologically active nature. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), which is the active compound of Aspirin and many other pharmaceuticals, is consumed in large quantities every year. Therefore, its acute and chronic effects on standard (Daphnia magna) and ...
Schmelz Eric A - - 2004
Through complex networks of signaling interactions, phytohormones regulate growth, development, reproduction and responses to biotic and abiotic stress. Comprehensive metabolomic approaches, seeking to quantify changes in vast numbers of plant metabolites, may ultimately clarify these complex signaling interactions and consequently explain pleiotropic effects on plant metabolism. Synergistic and antagonistic phytohormone ...
Jadrijević-Mladar Takac Milena - - 2004
The 2,4- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzamides (8, 9) were synthesized from their corresponding methyl esters. The structures and the spectral properties of investigated salicylic acid (1), 2,4- and 2,5-dihydroxy benzoic acids (2, 3), their methyl esters (4-6) and amides (7-9) were analyzed by means of FT-IR and one- and two-dimensional homo- and ...
Arkhipchuk V V - - 2004
A complex approach based on the use of test organisms belonging to different systematic groups (plants, invertebrates and vertebrates), as well as the nucleolar biomarker and the micronucleus test on their cells, was applied to assess the toxicity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of two pharmaceutical substances (metamizole sodium and acetylsalicylic acid) ...
Soderberg Kjell - - 2004
Accidental hydrofluoric acid (HF) splashes often occur in industrial settings. HF easily penetrates into tissues by initial acid action allowing fluoride ions to penetrate deeply, chelating calcium and magnesium. Resultant hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be fatal. This report describes the utilization of Hexafluorine--a hypertonic, amphoteric, chelating decontamination solution--in workplaces where ...
Asaria, Jamil
Acid burns from assault represent a substantial and neglected proportion of burn injuries in the developing world. A retrospective chart review was conducted to assess the frequency of acid burns in relation to total burns requiring admission in Kampala, Uganda. Seventeen percent of the adult burns admitted at New Mulago ...
Turner Ronald B - - 2004
Direct hand-to-hand contact is an important mechanism of transmission of rhinovirus infection. The rhinoviruses are inactivated at a low pH. A survey of organic acids in vitro revealed that these compounds have antirhinoviral activity that persists for at least 3 h after application to the skin. In additional studies of ...
Gupta Aditya K - - 2004
Sulfur has antifungal, antibacterial, and keratolytic activity. In the past, its use was widespread in dermatological disorders such as acne vulgaris, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff, pityriasis versicolor, scabies, and warts. Adverse events associated with topically applied sulfur are rare and mainly involve mild application site reactions. Sulfur, used alone or ...
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