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Results 451 - 500 of 1366
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Maria Pierre-Charles - - 2005
A concerted theoretical (density-functional theory) and experimental electrospray mass spectrometry study was conducted on the formation of cesium cation adducts with small molecules taken as models of specific interactions sites in humic substances. Electrospray experiments with phenol, benzoic acid, salicylic acid, and phthalic acid, in methanolic solution containing cesium nitrate, ...
Cadroy Yves - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Recent ex vivo platelet aggregometry data indicate that clopidogrel 75 mg/day plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 75 mg/day is a more potent antiplatelet regimen than the marketed combination of dipyridamole+ASA. The present study was designed to assess the antithrombotic effect of both dual antiplatelet regimens using a human ex vivo ...
Block Anna - - 2005
SUMMARY The phytotoxin coronatine is a jasmonate mimic produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst). Coronatine acts as a virulence factor in Arabidopsis and mutants insensitive to coronatine are resistant to Pst and have higher levels of salicylic acid (SA). In this work we used the SA-deficient lines NahG and ...
McCormack Paul L - - 2005
Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid 2000 mg/125 mg extended release (Augmentin XR), referred to herein as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR, is a pharmacokinetically enhanced formulation designed to provide more effective therapy in adults and adolescents than conventional formulations against community-acquired respiratory tract pathogens, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae, with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin.Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid XR maintains ...
He Ju - - 2005
The photoreactions of aromatic compounds were investigated in aqueous dispersions of alpha-FeOOH(goethite)/H(2)O(2) at neutral pHs. It was found that aromatic compounds could undergo rapid decomposition and mineralization (even to 100% yield) in the presence of both alpha-FeOOH and H(2)O(2) under UV irradiation, and the degradation rates of the organics were ...
Jeong Gwi-Taek - - 2005
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) hairy root cultures, established by infecting ginseng root discs with Agrobacterium rhizogenes, were used for secondary metabolite production. In this study, several elicitors [salicylic acid (SA), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), yeast elicitor, and bacterial elicitor] were used to improve the productivity of useful metabolite in P. ...
Sánchez Navarro Amparo - - 2005
The pharmacokinetic properties of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid when used alone or in combination are extensively reviewed and discussed in this article. The reported data support a nonlinear absorption process for amoxicillin. Saturable transport mechanisms, limited solubility and the existence of an absorption window are possibly involved in the gastrointestinal ...
Carroll Christie L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: While oral tacrolimus is effective for the treatment of psoriasis, tacrolimus ointment has shown only spotty efficacy in the treatment of plaque psoriasis. The efficacy of tacrolimus ointment for the treatment of facial and intertriginous psoriasis suggests that if tacrolimus penetration can be increased, the ointment could be used ...
Konturek Peter C - - 2004
The interaction between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as acetylsalicylic acid is still controversial. This study was designed to compare the effect of acetylsalicylic acid and vitamin C-releasing acetylsalicylic acid on the gastric mucosal damage and microbleeding before and after eradication of H. pylori in ...
Lee Jung-Han - - 2004
Prolyl endopeptidase (PEP, EC 3.4.21.26) hydrolyzes proline-containing neuropeptides, such as vasopressin, substance P, and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), and is suggested to participate in learning and memory processes. Ginkgo biloba leaves, upon examination for anti-amnestic constituents as new types of PEP inhibitors, showed significant PEP inhibition. PEP activity-guided fractionation and column ...
Colque Raúl - - 2004
Liquid-shake cultured shoot-clumps of Narcisus confussus were treated with the commonly used biotic elicitors methyl jasmonate, arachidonic acid, chitosan and salicylic acid. The effects of these compounds on the growth of the explants, as well as on the amount of the alkaloids released to the liquid culture medium and accumulated ...
Xu Gang - - 2004
Autografts have been extensively studied to facilitate optic nerve (ON) regeneration in animal experiments, but the clinical application of this approach to aid autoregeneration has not yet been attempted. This study aims to explore the guided regeneration by an artificial polyglycolic acid-chitosan conduit coated with recombinant L1-Fc. Consistent with previous ...
Marques Catarina R - - 2004
Metabolic products are often more toxic than their pharmacological parent compounds. Therefore, the acute and chronic effects of the main metabolites--salicylic acid (SAL), gentisic acid (GEN), and o-hydroxyhippuric acid (HDP)--of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), the active ingredient in Aspirin and many other pharmaceuticals, were assessed using standard (Daphnia magna) and autochthonous ...
Hong Hyo-Bong - - 2004
The dioxin-degrading strain Pseudomonas veronii PH-03 was isolated from contaminated soil by selective enrichment techniques. Strain PH-03 grew on dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran as a sole carbon source. Further, 1-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 2-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and other dioxin metabolites, salicylic acid, and catechol were also metabolized well. Resting cells of strain PH-03 transformed dibenzo-p-dioxin, dibenzofuran, ...
Marques Catarina R - - 2004
Pharmaceuticals have been recognized as an important group of aquatic micropollutants, mainly because of their biologically active nature. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), which is the active compound of Aspirin and many other pharmaceuticals, is consumed in large quantities every year. Therefore, its acute and chronic effects on standard (Daphnia magna) and ...
Schmelz Eric A - - 2004
Through complex networks of signaling interactions, phytohormones regulate growth, development, reproduction and responses to biotic and abiotic stress. Comprehensive metabolomic approaches, seeking to quantify changes in vast numbers of plant metabolites, may ultimately clarify these complex signaling interactions and consequently explain pleiotropic effects on plant metabolism. Synergistic and antagonistic phytohormone ...
Jadrijevi─ç-Mladar Takac Milena - - 2004
The 2,4- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzamides (8, 9) were synthesized from their corresponding methyl esters. The structures and the spectral properties of investigated salicylic acid (1), 2,4- and 2,5-dihydroxy benzoic acids (2, 3), their methyl esters (4-6) and amides (7-9) were analyzed by means of FT-IR and one- and two-dimensional homo- and ...
Arkhipchuk V V - - 2004
A complex approach based on the use of test organisms belonging to different systematic groups (plants, invertebrates and vertebrates), as well as the nucleolar biomarker and the micronucleus test on their cells, was applied to assess the toxicity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of two pharmaceutical substances (metamizole sodium and acetylsalicylic acid) ...
Soderberg Kjell - - 2004
Accidental hydrofluoric acid (HF) splashes often occur in industrial settings. HF easily penetrates into tissues by initial acid action allowing fluoride ions to penetrate deeply, chelating calcium and magnesium. Resultant hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be fatal. This report describes the utilization of Hexafluorine--a hypertonic, amphoteric, chelating decontamination solution--in workplaces where ...
Asaria, Jamil
Acid burns from assault represent a substantial and neglected proportion of burn injuries in the developing world. A retrospective chart review was conducted to assess the frequency of acid burns in relation to total burns requiring admission in Kampala, Uganda. Seventeen percent of the adult burns admitted at New Mulago ...
Turner Ronald B - - 2004
Direct hand-to-hand contact is an important mechanism of transmission of rhinovirus infection. The rhinoviruses are inactivated at a low pH. A survey of organic acids in vitro revealed that these compounds have antirhinoviral activity that persists for at least 3 h after application to the skin. In additional studies of ...
Gupta Aditya K - - 2004
Sulfur has antifungal, antibacterial, and keratolytic activity. In the past, its use was widespread in dermatological disorders such as acne vulgaris, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff, pityriasis versicolor, scabies, and warts. Adverse events associated with topically applied sulfur are rare and mainly involve mild application site reactions. Sulfur, used alone or ...
Hintner Jan-Peter - - 2004
The gene coding for a dioxygenase with the ability to cleave salicylate by a direct ring fission mechanism to 2-oxohepta-3,5-dienedioic acid was cloned from Pseudaminobacter salicylatoxidans strain BN12. The deduced amino acid sequence encoded a protein with a molecular mass of 41,176 Da, which showed 28 and 31% sequence identity, ...
Lee Ayoung - - 2004
This study presents a kinetic analysis of the response to wounding in rice plants. In particular, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and lipoxygenase activity were measured in leaves of wounded rice plants during the early tillering phase. The results show that endogenous jasmonic acid transiently increases to a maximum 30 min ...
Appel A G - - 2004
Toxicity of boric acid (40-99% [AI]), silica gel, eugenol, and deltamethrin dust formulations to adult male German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.), was evaluated at five different relative humidities ranging from 0 to 100% and in the presence of 0 to 1 ml of water. Victor boric acid dust was generally ...
Rust Michael K - - 2004
Boric acid, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam in sucrose aqueous baits had different delayed toxicities to worker Argentine ants, Linepithema humile (Mayr). The concentrations required to produce an LT50 (time required to produce 50% mortality) within 1-4 d were 3.63-0.55% boric acid, 9.2 x 10(-3) to 7.1 x 10(-4)% imidacloprid, and 3 ...
Lares-Asseff Ismael - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine pharmacokinetic differences of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and its metabolites: gentisic acid (GA), salicylic acid (SA) and salicyluric acid (SUA) between Otomies and Mesticians healthy subjects. Design. Ten Otomies and 10 Mesticians were included. After a single dose of aspirin given orally ...
Parker Dawn - - 2004
This paper presents a multi-drug fatality in which methyl salicylate was ingested. It is presented to inform the toxicological community that a particularly expeditious method of detection for methyl salicylate exists. Previously published methods for the analysis of methyl salicylate include a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method and an alkaline/acidic extraction ...
Gore J Chad - - 2004
Pest management in confinement swine production relies primarily on calendar-based applications of broad-spectrum insecticides. However, regulatory restrictions imposed by the U.S. Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, the large financial obligation of pesticide registration, and development of insecticide resistance have led to a renewed search for alternative control methods. Boric ...
Benini Stefano - - 2004
The structure of the complex of urease, a Ni-containing metalloenzyme, with boric acid was determined at 2.10 A resolution. The complex shows the unprecedented binding mode of the competitive inhibitor to the dinuclear metal center, with the B(OH)3 molecule bridging the Ni ions and leaving in place the bridging hydroxide. ...
Gomez-Flores Alejandra - - 2004
In Mexico mycetomas are mostly produced by Nocardia brasiliensis, which can be isolated from about 86% of cases. In the present work, we determined the sensitivities of 30 N. brasiliensis strains isolated from patients with mycetoma to several groups of antimicrobials. As a first screening step we carried out disk ...
Song Ji Youn - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Superficial chemical peeling and microdermabrasion have become increasingly popular methods for producing facial rejuvenation. However, there are few studies reporting the skin barrier function changes after these procedures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objectively the degree of damage visually and the time needed for the skin barrier function to recover after ...
Mure┼čanu Claudia - - 2004
The catalytic reaction of catalase was investigated, by means of a Clark oxygen sensor, in the presence of various concentrations of acetylsalicylic acid. Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters were determined from Lineweaver-Burk plots, obtained in the absence and in the presence of the inhibitor. The inhibition pattern, suggested by the Lineweave-Burk plots, ...
Torriero Angel A J - - 2004
The electrochemical oxidation of salicylic acid (SA) has been studied on a glassy carbon electrode using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) method. SA gives a single irreversible oxidation wave over the wide pH range studied. The irreversibility of the electrode process was verified by different criteria. The mechanism ...
Harada Ken-ichi - - 2004
Madurastatins Al (1), A2 (2) and A3 (3), novel pentapeptides that were acylated with salicylic acid at the N-terminus, were isolated from the culture broth of a pathogenic Actinomadura madurae IFM 0745 strain. These structures were mainly determined by 2D NMR and MS/MS spectral techniques. The strain produced simultaneously madurastatins ...
Simonsen Lene - - 2004
The purpose was to investigate the in vivo skin penetration of four 14C-salicylic compounds using microdialysis and to relate dermal concentrations to structural features. Furthermore, to compare two in vivo retrodialysis recovery methods for estimation of true unbound extracellular concentrations. Microdialysis probes were inserted in the dermis of hairless rats. ...
Guenther Lyn C - - 2004
Fixed-dose combination therapy offers stable products containing two or more medications with different mechanisms of action and safety profiles. It is also convenient for patients since only one product rather than two or more needs to be applied. Topical corticosteroids are often the mainstay of therapy in psoriasis. Diprosalic and ...
Thakkar Vasudev R - - 2004
Culture filtrate of Lasiodiplodia theobromae increased respiration rate, phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity, and levels of hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxides and salicylic acid in B. nigra plants. Salicylic acid (SA) level increased for 1 hr of interaction and reduced later. Development of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) was found restricted in plants ...
Rhein Linda - - 2004
Salicylic acid (SA) is a beta hydroxy acid and has multifunctional uses in the treatment of various diseases in skin such as acne, psoriasis, and photoaging. One problem often cited as associated with salicylic acid is that it can be quite irritating at pH 3-4, where it exhibits the highest ...
Huang Xiaodong - - 2003
Three nitrophenol isomer-imprinted polymers were prepared under the same conditions using 4-vinylpyridine as a functional monomer. Different recognition capacities for template molecules were observed for the three polymers. Another imprinting system with stronger acidity than nitrophenol isomers, 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (salicylic acid) and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, was imprinted using 4-vinylpyridine or acrylamide ...
Traw M Brian - - 2003
Leaf trichomes protect plants from attack by insect herbivores and are often induced following damage. Hormonal regulation of this plant induction response has not been previously studied. In a series of experiments, we addressed the effects of artificial damage, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and gibberellin on induction of trichomes in ...
Xue Rui-De - - 2003
The toxicity of boric acid solutions to adult Anopheles quadrimaculatus Say, Culex nigripalpus Theobald, and Aedes albopictus Skuse was evaluated in the laboratory. Median lethal concentrations (LC50 in %) at 24-h exposure for male and female An. quadrimaculatus were 0.317 and 0.885, respectively; for Cx. nigripalpus, 0.273 and 0.560, respectively; ...
Shapiro Allan D - - 2003
A capillary electrophoresis-based method for quantitation of total salicylic acid levels in Arabidopsis leaves was developed. Direct comparison to previous high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based measurements showed similar levels of salicylic acid. Simultaneous quantitation of trans-cinnamic acid, benzoic acid, sinapic acid, and an internal recovery standard was achieved. A rapid, streamlined ...
Franzblau Alfred - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Almost all reports of respiratory health effects of hydrofluoric acid are derived from industrial settings and usually involved massive and conspicuous exposures. In the present report we describe a case of adult-onset asthma immediately following use of a household rust stain remover that contained an 8-9% aqueous solution of ...
Sawyer MaryJean - - 2003
A rapid reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure is developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitation of aspirin, salicylic acid, and caffeine extracted from an effervescent tablet. The method uses a Hypersil C18 column (5 micro m, 15 cm x 4.6 mm) for an isocratic elution in a water-methanol-acetic acid mobile ...
Zurek Ludek - - 2003
Boric acid dust treatments were evaluated as a tool for the integrated management of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), in commercial confined swine production. The efficacy of boric acid dust was comparable to that of an organic residual insecticide, cyfluthrin, which is commonly used to control cockroaches in this ...
Schiettecatte D - - 2003
Hydrofluoric acid injuries have a potential for both systemic as well as severe local tissue destruction. In this article the different treatment modalities will be presented. Hydrofluoric acid is frequently found in the semiconductor industry, in rust removers and façade cleansers. The negligence or carelessness of workers and ignorance of ...
Farmer Edward E - - 2003
The vigorous production of oxygenated fatty acids (oxylipins) is a characteristic response to pathogenesis and herbivory, and is often accompanied by the substantial release of small and reactive lipid-fragmentation products. Some oxylipins, most notably those of the jasmonate family, have key roles as potent regulators. Recent advances have been made ...
Shah Jyoti - - 2003
Salicylic acid is an important signal molecule in plant defense. In the past two years, significant progress has been made in understanding the mechanism of salicylic-acid biosynthesis and signaling in plants. A pathway similar to that found in some bacteria synthesizes salicylic acid from chorismate via isochorismate. Salicylic-acid signaling is ...
Schmelz Eric A - - 2003
Phytohormones regulate the protective responses of plants against both biotic and abiotic stresses by means of synergistic or antagonistic actions referred to as signaling crosstalk. A bottleneck in crosstalk research is the quantification of numerous interacting phytohormones and regulators. The chemical analysis of salicylic acid, jasmonic acid, indole-3-acetic acid, and ...
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