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Results 401 - 450 of 2113
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Zhao Xiaoli - - 2007
A comparative study on the use of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-coated silica and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)-coated alumina mixed hemimicelles-based solid-phase extraction (SPE) for the pre-concentration of six perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in environmental water samples was presented. The six analytes heptafluorobutyric acid (HFBA), perfluoroheptanic acid (PFHeA), perfluorooctanic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanic sulfonic ...
Weisz Adrian - - 2007
This work involves the preparative separation of some isomeric dicarboxylic acids using pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography (CCC), a relatively new preparative technique for the separation of ionizable compounds. The paper concentrates especially on the separation of a synthetic mixture of closely related cis and trans pairs of 1-methyl- and 1,3-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acids. ...
Adcock Jacqui L - - 2007
We have combined the generation of solvent gradients using milliGAT pumps, chromatographic separations with monolithic columns and chemiluminescence detection in an instrument manifold that approaches the automation and separation efficiency of HPLC, whilst maintaining the positive attributes of flow injection analysis (FIA), such as manifold versatility, speed of analysis and ...
Qu Qishu - - 2007
The effect of a divalent cation (Mg2+) and 3 monovalent cations (Na+, Li+, and K+) as buffer additives on the electroosmotic flow (EOF) was investigated in order to improve the separation performance of p-acetamidobenzenesulfonyl fluoride (PAABS-F) derivatives of 20 standard amino acids by micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). The EOF can ...
Cesla Petr - - 2007
Fourteen azodyes containing one to five acidic groups were separated by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). The effects of the pH and beta-cyclodextrin additive to the background electrolyte on the separation of sulphonated azodyes were investigated. The effects of the working conditions significantly differ in non-coated fused silica capillaries and in ...
Park Jongman - - 2007
A fully packed capillary electrochromatographic (CEC) microchip showing improved solution and chip handling was developed. Microchannels for the CEC microchip were patterned on a cyclic olefin copolymer substrate by injection molding and packed fully with 0.8-microm monodisperse colloidal silica beads utilizing a self-assembly packing technique. The silica packed chip substrate ...
Gyllenhaal Olle - - 2008
Enantiomeric separations of four 2-substituted propionic acid drugs and two related acids have been studied using normal phase liquid chromatography with amylose (tris 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica as support (Chiralpak AD). At standard conditions (i.e. flow-rate, 1.0 ml/min; column temperature, 30 degrees C) the elution order can be reversed when ...
Chung Tang-Chia - - 2007
A simple and sensitive isocratic liquid chromatographic method was developed for the analysis of isovaleric and valeric acids in human urine as biomarkers in metabolic acidosis. The method is based on the derivatization of isovaleric and valeric acids with a fluorescent reagent 2-(2-naphthoxy)ethyl-2-(piperidino)ethanesulfonate for labeling the analytes with the naphthoxy ...
Miller James - - 2007
Perfluorocarboxylic acids have been used in limited but important applications, such as in the production of fluoroelastomers and as components of fire-fighting foams. A method for the measurement of perfluorocarboxylic acids of different chain lengths in air is presented. Chain lengths tested included those having 8, 9, 10, 11, and ...
Mie Axel - - 2007
We present a new method for separation of enantiomers with high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS), coupled to mass spectrometric detection. Upon addition of an appropriate chiral reference compound to the analyte solution and subsequent ionization of the solution by electrospray ionization, analyte enantiomers formed diastereomeric complexes, which were ...
You Jinmao - - 2007
A simple and sensitive method for evaluating the chemical compositions of protein amino acids, including cystine (Cys)(2) and tryptophane (Try) has been developed, based on the use of a sensitive labeling reagent 2-(11H-benzo[alpha]-carbazol-11-yl) ethyl chloroformate (BCEC-Cl) along with fluorescence detection. The chromophore of the 1,2-benzo-3,4-dihydrocarbazole-ethyl chloroformate (BCEOC-Cl) molecule was replaced ...
Yao Xiao - - 2007
Capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection has been employed for the determination of p-hydroxyacetophenone, chlorogenic acid, and caffeic acid in Herba Artemisiae Scopariae (the dried sprout of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit.). The effects of several important factors, such as the concentration and the acidity of the running buffer, separation voltage, ...
Hao Zhigang - - 2007
Maillard reaction of glucose with amino acids and peptides has become a very important experimental model in the food flavor and pharmaceutical industries for better understanding the mechanism of food flavor generation and drug stability. Because of the amino acid and sugar functional groups present in their structures, most of ...
Zhang Q L - - 2007
A novel method for rapid separation and determination of ascorbic acid and uric acid has been developed with a polycation-modified poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microchip under a negative-separation electric field. Just by flushing the microchip with aqueous solutions of the polycations, poly(allylamine) hydrochloride, poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) or chitosan could be stably coated on ...
Tsukagoshi Kazuhiko - - 2007
We developed a capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection system using 2-methyl-6-p-methoxyphenylethynylimidazopyrazinone as a chemiluminescence reagent for determination of antioxidants of superoxide anions. 2-Methyl-6-p-methoxyphenylethynylimidazopyrazinone reacted with superoxide anions generated through the reaction of hypoxanthine and xanthine oxidase, and then emitted chemiluminescence. Suppression of the chemiluminescence in the presence of antioxidants for ...
Caruso Francesco - - 2007
A GC-MS investigation is conducted on the double bass "Panormus", property of Conservatorio di Musica "Vincenzo Bellini" in Palermo. The most important components of the varnish (fatty acids) and of the glue (proteinaceous amino acids), with which the musical instrument was treated in the past, are determined. The analyses are ...
Pingitore Francesco - - 2007
Fluxes through known metabolic pathways and the presence of novel metabolic reactions are often determined by feeding isotopically labeled substrate to an organism and then determining the isotopomer distribution in amino acids in proteins. However, commonly used techniques to measure the isotopomer distributions require derivatization prior to analysis (gas chromatography/mass ...
Terekhova Irina V - - 2007
The capillary electrophoretic separation of the pyridine derivatives pyridoxine, pyridoxal, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid and isonicotinic acid in phosphate buffer using cyclodextrins as buffer additives was studied at pH 2.0 and 3.5. Superior separation was achieved at pH 2.0. Addition of alpha- and beta-cyclodextrin and the respective 2-hydroxypropyl derivatives as well ...
Zhao Shulin - - 2007
A new type of chiral surfactant, 3-[(3-dehydroabietamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (DHAMAP) has been synthesized. The ability of this compound to perform chiral separation of D/L-amino acids derivatized with naphthalene-2, 3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA-D/L-amino acids) has been investigated by capillary electrophoresis (CE). Enantiomeric separation of NDA-D/L-amino acids was achieved with a running buffer consisting of ...
Cucinotta V - - 2007
Enantiomeric pairs of 11 dansyl derivatives of alpha-amino acids were used as analytes in electrokinetic chromatography to test the ability as chiral selectors of two pure derivatives of beta-cyclodextrin: the ethylendiamine derivative in primary position (CDen) and a member of a new class of receptors, the cysteamine-bridged hemispherodextrin THCMH. The ...
Gómez-Alonso Sergio - - 2007
A method has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of biogenic amines, amino acids, and the ammonium ion in wine and beer. Aminoenones formed by the reaction of amino acids, biogenic amines, and the ammonium ion with the derivatization reagent diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate are separated by HPLC. Reaction takes place in ...
Chiu Tai-Chia - - 2007
A new approach for the analysis of large-volume naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA) derivatives of amino acids by micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) in conjunction with a purple light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence detection is described. In order to optimize resolution, speed, and stacking efficiency, a discontinuous condition is essential for the analysis of NDA-amino acid ...
Hata Kazuki - - 2007
The Hadamard transform (HT) technique, which permits the S/N in CE to be improved, was applied to MEKC. Multiple sample injection of fluorescent analytes according to a Hadamard code sequence was performed using an optically gated sample injection technique, in which a sample plug was produced based on photodegradation by ...
Jin Jing Yu - - 2007
The liquid chromatographic separation of the enantiomers of several N-hydrazide derivatives of 2-aryloxypropionic acids was performed on a crown ether type chiral stationary phase derived from (18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid. The behavior of chromatographic parameters by the change of mobile phases and additives for the resolution of these analytes was investigated. The ...
Tsukagoshi Kazuhiko - - 2007
In our previous study, we proposed molecular recognition of mono- and disaccharides making use of the interaction between their diol groups and p-iodophenylboronic acid in capillary electrophoresis with a chemiluminescence detection system. Here, to extend our knowledge of molecular recognition, we first examined the enhancing effects of four phenylboronic acid ...
Ford Quincy LaRon - - 2007
We report a technique for the rapid, room temperature derivatization of aqueous carboxylic acids to the corresponding 2,2,2-trifluoroethylamide derivative. 3-Ethyl-1-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and 2,2,2-trifluoroethylamine hydrochloride (TFEA) were added to aqueous samples of several acids of interest in environmental analytical chemistry, including benzoic acid, ibuprofen, clofibric acid, monochloroacetic acid, dicholoroacetic acid, ...
Rizvi Syed Asad Ali SA Department of Chemistry, Center of Biotechnology and Drug Design, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, - - 2007
In this work, three amino acid-derived (l-leucinol, l-isoleucinol, l-valinol) sulfated chiral surfactants are synthesized and polymerized. These chiral sulfated surfactants are thoroughly characterized to determine critical micelle concentration, aggregation number, polarity, optical rotation, and partial specific volume. For the first time the morphological behavior of polymeric sulfated surfactants is revealed ...
Spanik Ivan - - 2007
This work focuses on the development of a suitable working procedure for preconcentration of amino acids enantiomers from water samples using a solid phase extraction. The three types of ion exchangers with various capabilities have been used. The effect of experimental conditions in SPE procedure employing strong anion exchange (SAX), ...
Lee Kyung Hee - - 2007
Physicochemical and biological characteristics of the exopolysaccharide, PS7, produced from Beijerinckia indica were investigated. The PS7 weight fractions of Glc and GlcUA were 0.45 and 0.25, respectively, and the molar ratio of Glc:Rha:GalUA was approximately 5:1:1.3. The PS7 was chemically derivatized with diethylaminoethyl chloride-HCl (DEAE-HCl), and the resulting modified PS7 ...
Pedruzzi Israel - - 2007
Experimental conditions for complete separation and quantification of mixtures containing lactobionic acid, sorbitol, lactose and fructose are discussed for the first time. These mixtures appear in the enzymatic bioconversion of fructose and lactose catalyzed by glucose-fructose oxidoreductase (GFOR) and glucono-delta-lactonase (GL) enzymes of Zymomonas mobilis cells. The high-performance liquid chromatography ...
Kirschner Daniel L - - 2007
A capillary electrophoresis method with laser-induced fluorescence detection for the chiral separation of cyanobenz[f]isoindole (CBI) derivatives of amino acids was developed and optimized. The enantioseparations are accomplished with sulfated beta-CD (S-beta-CD) as chiral selector at low pH and reverse polarity. BGE conditions were optimized for CBI-serine and then applied to ...
Tsukagoshi Kazuhiko - - 2007
In our previous study, we developed capillary electrophoresis with an ultraviolet absorption/chemiluminescence dual detection system. Here, to demonstrate one of the possible applications of the capable system as well as confirm the advantage, migration behavior of isoluminol isothiocyanate-labeled alpha-amino acids was examined in the capillary electrophoresis with a dual detection ...
Solínová Veronika - - 2007
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) has been applied to qualitative and quantitative analysis, separation and physicochemical characterization of synthetic gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRHs) and their analogs and fragments. Structurally related peptides were separated in conventional and isoelectric acidic background electrolytes (BGEs), pH 2.18-2.50. Best separation was achieved in isoelectric BGE composed of ...
Tang Weihua - - 2007
A family of 6-mono(3-alkylimidazolium)-beta-cyclodextrins with one primary hydroxyl group replaced by an alkylimidazolium cation has been developed. The effect of alkyl substitutents on the enantioresolution ability of these single-isomer cyclodextrins towards dansyl amino acids has been studied by capillary electrophoresis. Systematical investigations on the effect of buffer pH and selector ...
Kaczmarski Krzysztof - - 2007
Ion-exclusion chromatography (IEC) finds applications in various different analytical separations of weak acids. Pure, deionized water or a diluted, aqueous solution of a strong mineral acid (such as, e.g., sulphuric acid) is used as the mobile phase, whereas a typical stationary phase is a strongly acidic resin in the H(+) ...
Hyun Myung Ho - - 2007
A new doubly tethered chiral stationary phase (CSP 5) based on (+)-(18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid was developed by attaching the second tethering group to silica gel through a carbon atom of the first tethering group of the corresponding singly tethered CSP (CSP 2) containing an N-CH3 tertiary amide linkage, which was previously ...
Zhou Lei - - 2007
A selective and sensitive method was developed for separation and simultaneous determination of catecholamines and amino acids by MEKC with LIF. Interestingly enough, such work has been firstly performed on catecholamines derivatized with 4-chloro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole and the detailed derivatization mechanism was discussed. After derivatization at 60 degrees C for 20 min, ...
Schneider Claus C Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2007
We describe high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods for the enantiomeric resolution of hydroxy and hydroperoxy fatty acids/eicosanoids using a Chiralpak AD or AD-RH chiral stationary phase. These columns achieve baseline resolution of all six positional/conjugated isomers of the hydroxy as well as of the hydroperoxy derivatives of arachidonic acid in ...
Tatsis Evangelos C - - 2007
The newly established hyphenated instrumentation of LC/DAD/SPE/NMR and LC/UV/(ESI)MS techniques have been applied for separation and structure verification of the major known constituents present in Greek Hypericum perforatum extracts. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column. Acetonitrile-water was used as a mobile phase. For the on-line NMR detection, ...
Patring Johan D M - - 2007
A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method to determine dietary folates was developed and validated. Folates were detected and quantified using positive electrospray ionisation (ESI) with selective ion monitoring of protonated ions [M+H]+. The effects of buffer nature and mobile phase composition on separation, peak shape and intensity ...
Hamase Kenji - - 2007
A validated two-dimensional HPLC method for the comprehensive analysis of small quantities of branched aliphatic D-amino acids in the presence of large amounts of their L-congeners in mammalian tissues and physiological fluids is described. The quantitative analysis of these aliphatic amino acids (Val, allo-Ile, Ile, and Leu) is important for ...
Hedeland Ylva - - 2007
1S,4R-(+)-ketopinic acid [(+)-KPA] has been introduced as a chiral selector for the separation of pharmacologically active amines by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). (+)-KPA gave enantioresolution for most of the compounds previously separated by 2R,3S,4R,5S-(-)-2,3:4,6-di-O-isopropylidene-2-keto-L-gulonic acid [(-)-DIKGA], but with a reversed migration order. A complete enantioresolution (Rs=4.2) was obtained for timolol, ...
Zampolli M G - - 2007
This work describes a GC-MS method for enantioselective separation of amino acids. The method is based on a derivatization reaction which employs a mixture of alkyl chloroformate-alcohol-pyridine, as reagents to obtain the N(O,S)-alkyl alkoxy carbonyl esters of amino acids. Various reaction parameters are investigated and optimized to achieve a reproducible ...
Chen ZuLiang - - 2007
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) with UV detection was used to determine vanadium species. Nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetic acid (HEDTA), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) and 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (PDCA) were investigated to determine whether these ligands formed stable anionic complexes with vanadium. Of all the ligands ...
Sýkora Jan - - 2007
While many naturally occurring mixtures of free fatty acids are conveniently analyzed by hyphenated technique of LC-NMR, a complete separation of alpha- and gamma-linolenic acids for their quantitative determination appears impossible at least by the methods of reversed phase HPLC. However, they can be differentiated and quantified from 1H NMR ...
Gu Ming - - 2007
Three kinds of polyphenols of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid, salvianolic acid B and protocatechualdehyde, were separated and purified in one step with solvent system n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-acetic acid-water (1:6:1.5:1.5:8) by high-speed counter-current chromatography. Acetic acid was successfully used to increase the partition of high polar target compounds in organic phase ...
Hamoudová Rafífa - - 2006
The on-line combination of CZE with capillary ITP (ITP-CZE) was used for the separation and quantification of selected flavonoids and phenolic acids in Hypericum perforatum leaves and flowers collected in six different localities in Slovakia. The leading electrolyte in the ITP preseparation step was 10 mM HCl with Tris as ...
Skelley Alison M - - 2006
The Mars Organic Analyzer (MOA), a portable microfabricated capillary electrophoresis instrument being developed for planetary exploration, is used to analyze a wide variety of fluorescamine-labeled amine-containing biomarker compounds, including amino acids, mono and diaminoalkanes, amino sugars, nucleobases, and nucleobase degradation products. The nucleobases cytosine and adenine, which contain an exocyclic ...
Song Yaru - - 2006
A sensitive chiral capillary HPLC-MS/MS method well suited for the determination of amino acid enantiomers in biological samples was developed. The method involved precolumn derivatization of the sample with 7-fluoro-4-nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD-F). After derivatization, NBD-amino acids were stacked on a C18 reversed-phase extraction microcolumn, thus enriching and cleaning up the analytes. ...
Huang Hsi-Ya - - 2006
In this study, poly(styrene-divinylbenzene-vinylsulfonic acid) monolithic columns, prepared by singlestep in situ polymerization, were first used as separation columns for CEC in which vinylsulfonic acid was employed as the charge-bearing monomer. The effects of the polymerization conditions (compositions of monomer and porogenic solvent, and polymerization time) on the chromatographic property ...
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