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Results 301 - 350 of 2119
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Anouti Suzanne - - 2008
Heart-cutting two-dimensional (2D) capillary electrophoresis (CE) in a single capillary was used for analysis of derivatized amino acids. A mixture of 12 amino acids derivatized with UV-active benzyl 4-(3-(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosoureido)butylcarbamate label served as a model of a moderately complex sample due to the presence of numerous derivatization byproducts. The first step ...
Li Min - - 2008
A new chiral stationary phase for gas chromatography was prepared by covalently attaching a diproline chiral selector that has proven to be effective in liquid chromatography to a methylhydrosiloxane-dimethylsiloxane copolymer. With this new chiral stationary phase for GC, racemic aromatic alcohols could be resolved without derivatization. Racemic aromatic and aliphatic ...
Shama Naz - - 2008
The simultaneous determination of 17 amino acids in connective tissue using capillary electrophoresis is described in this study. Separation was carried out on a fused silica capillary column (80 cm x 50 mm i.d.) with 1M formic acid as the running electrolyte. The detection was conducted on a mass spectrometer ...
Lee Kyung-Ah - - 2008
The enantioseparation of N-protected fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (N-FMOC) alpha-amino acids was carried out on three polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases, such as cellulose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) (Chiralcel OD), amylose tris(3,5-dimethyl-phenylcarbamate) (Chiralpak AD) and cellulose tris(4-methylbenzoate) (Chiralcel OJ), and the influence of acetonitrile composition and pH of the eluents on the enantioseparation in reverse mode chromatography ...
Piyankarage Sujeewa C - - 2008
One of the most widely used transgenic animal models in biology is Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly. Chemical information from this exceedingly small organism is usually accomplished by studying populations to attain sample volumes suitable for standard analysis methods. This paper describes a direct sampling technique capable of obtaining 50-300 ...
Yassine O - - 2008
In this work, we developed a PDMS electrophoresis device able to carry out on-chip derivatization and quantification of amino acids (AAs) using naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA) as a fluorogenic agent. A chemical modification of the PDMS surface was found compulsory to achieve the derivatization of AAs with NDA and a limit of ...
Yamamoto Kouhei - - 2008
It was found that weakly polar columns, routinely used in capillary GC for analyzing sterols, food additives, etc., can also be used for separating fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). On these columns, FAMEs elute in the order of their unsaturation. The equivalent chain-length value of methyl 22:6 is below 23.00. ...
Nuevo Michel - - 2008
We present a detailed analysis of the variety, quantity and distribution of the amino acids detected in organic residues after acid hydrolysis. Such organic residues are produced in the laboratory after the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) irradiation of several astrophysically relevant ice mixtures containing H(2)O, CO, CO(2), CH(3)OH, CH(4) and NH(3) ...
Dabek-Zlotorzynska Ewa - - 2008
Within the last few years, capillary electrophoresis (CE), especially with indirect ultraviolet detection, has successfully been utilized for the analysis of low-molecular-weight (LMW) organic acids in a wide variety of matrices (e.g., food, pharmaceutical, environmental, industrial, clinical). The speed, resolution, and simplicity of CE, combined with low operating costs, make ...
De Benedetto Giuseppe E - - 2008
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is an efficient tool for amino acid (AA) analysis. However, its role can be fully accounted for only by examining the applications on real matrices. Methods must be successfully transferred into working environments for use by non-CE experts before their power can be realized. This transfer of ...
Jiménez-Díaz Inmaculada - - 2008
An analytical method for the determination of six sulfophenyl carboxylic acids, namely (p-sulfophenyl)acetic, 2-(p-sulfophenyl)propionic, 2-(p-sulfophenyl)butyric, 3-(p-sulfophenyl)butyric, 4-(p-sulfophenyl)butyric, and 5-(p-sulfophenyl)valerianic acid, in agricultural irrigation water samples was developed. It involves an SPE procedure, an on-line preconcentration normal stacking mode and subsequent separation and determination using CE with UV detection (CE-UV). p-Sulfobenzoic ...
Holzgrabe Ulrike - - 2008
The components of the aminoglycosides, e.g., gentamicin, sisomicin, netilmicin, kanamycin, amikacin, and tobramycin, and related impurities of these antibiotics can be separated by means of micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). Derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde and thioglycolic acid is found to be appropriate for all antibiotics. The background electrolyte was composed of sodium ...
Sørensen Morten B - - 2008
Ion formation may be made more efficient than in normal electrospray ionization (ESI) for certain classes of compounds, such as the polar amino acids Glu, Asn, His, Ser, Asp, Arg, Tyr and Lys, by adjusting the voltage of a normal ESI interface needle to zero voltage. For aspartic acid (Asp) ...
Zhou Benhong - - 2008
Two novel methods for the analysis of ellagic acid in pomegranate (Punica granatum) rinds are proposed. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) was performed in a bare fused-silica capillary using a buffer solution of tri(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane:potassium dihydrogen phosphate (pH 8.4) with an applied voltage of 20 kV and UV detection at 254 nm. HPLC ...
Iadarola Paolo - - 2008
The extensive use of CE for the analysis of amino acids has been well documented in a series of research articles and reviews. Aim of this report is to address the attention of the reader on the recent advances of micellar electrokinetic chromatography for the separation and determination of these ...
Sivaleela T - - 2008
A set of DNA tetranucleotides, which are 3'- or 5'-end extended versions of GCA, was used as chiral selectors for the discrimination of enantiomers of alpha-amino acids. The [X+Y-2H](2-) ions of the 1:1 complexes were generated by electrospraying a mixture of tetranucleotide (X) and amino acid (Y) solution. Chiral discrimination ...
Li Bao-Lin - - 2008
The resolutions of (9-anthryl)methoxyacetic acid (9AMAA) and (9-anthryl)hydroxyacetic acid (9AHAA) were performed by capillary electrophoresis using hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) as a chiral selector. Various factors affecting migration time and resolutions of these compounds were investigated with a run voltage of 20 kV, column temperature 20 degrees C and 20 mM Tris-H(3)PO(4) ...
Zahradnícková Helena - - 2008
o-Phthaldialdehyde was used in combination with a series of six thiosugars for the pre-column chiral derivatization of selected primary amino acids. The diastereomers were resolved on a conventional reversed-phase column and with fluorescence detection. A surprisingly effective resolution of 1-isoindolyl-(1-thioglycosides) derived from 1-thio-beta-L-fucose was observed.
Ilisz István - - 2008
The past 20 years has seen an explosive growth in the field of chirality, as illustrated by the rapid progress in the various facets of this intriguing field. The impetus for advances in chiral separation has been highest in the past decade and this still continues to be an area ...
Husek Petr - - 2008
Novel fluoroalkyl chloroformates with three and four carbon atoms were investigated for the immediate conversion of amino acids into hydrophobic derivatives in water-containing media. Derivatization conditions were extensively studied and optimized sample preparation protocols elaborated. More than 30 amino acids were treated with the particular reagent in isooctane by simply ...
Blewett Anthony J - - 2008
Inflammation is implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Current research is focused on developing assays to search for biomarkers for inflammation. Eicosanoids are the oxidative metabolites of arachidonic acid (eicosatetraenoic acid, AA), a long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid common in Western diets. AA can ...
Li Yanqing - - 2008
The cationic double-chained surfactant didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) was used as pseudostationary phase (PSP) in micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC). Its performance on the three kinds of drugs, i.e., basic, acidic, and neutral drugs, was systematically investigated. Nicotine, cotinine, caffeine, lidocaine, and procaine were selected as the model basic drugs. Good ...
Moral Antonia - - 2008
In this work multifunctional sorbents, based on surfactant-coated mineral oxides, are assessed for the simultaneous extraction/preconcentration of pesticide multiresidues from aqueous environmental samples. Seventeen pesticides, representative of all the common groups (triazines, phenylureas, carbamates, azols, anilides, chloroacetanilides, organophosphorous, phenoxyacids, aryloxy acids and phenols), are selected for this study. The sorbents ...
McJimpsey Erica L - - 2008
The Bioaerosol Mass Spectrometry (BAMS) system was developed for the real-time detection and identification of biological aerosols using laser desorption ionization. Greater differentiation of particle types is desired; consequently MALDI techniques are being investigated. The small sample size ( approximately 1 microm3), lack of substrate, and ability to simultaneously monitor ...
Du Xiao-Lan - - 2008
A novel derivatization reagent for carboxylic acids, 6-oxy-(ethylpiperazine)-9-(2'-methoxycarbonyl)fluorescein (EPMF) has been well designed and synthesized. It was used to label 13 fatty acids, n-butyric acid (C4), n-valeric acid (C5), n-hexanoic acid (C6), n-heptanoic acid (C7), n-octanoic acid (C8), n-nonanoic acid (C9), n-decanoic acid (C10), lauric acid (C12), myristic acid (C14), ...
Khurana Tarun K - - 2008
We present a method to achieve separation and indirect detection of nonfluorescent species using fluorescent mobility markers. This technique leverages isotachophoresis (ITP) for both preconcentration and separation. We employ a leading electrolyte (LE), trailing electrolyte (TE), and a set of fluorescent markers of mobilities designed to bound those of nonfluorescent ...
Vardanega D - - 2007
Calculations of the interaction energy and dielectric responses of chiral single walled carbon nanotubes to the presence of amino acid enantiomers are carried out. A theoretical study is developed to show that the frequency shifts of selected nanotubes conveniently tailored to the size of the probed molecules and used in ...
Muensritharam Laksamee - - 2008
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) was developed for quantitative determination of hydroxycitric acid and hydroxycitric acid lactone in herbal products of Garcinia atroviridis Griff. Resolution optimization was investigated by varying type, concentration and pH of buffers. Using the pH 9.2 buffer containing 30 mM Na(2)B(4)O(7), 90 mM NaH(2)PO(4) and 0.5 mM ...
Tekewe Alemu - - 2008
Sensitive and specific, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods have been developed and validated for linearity, accuracy and precision for the quantification of dl-3-phenyllactic acid, dl-O-acetyl-3-phenyllactic acid and (+/-)-mexiletine acetamide enantiomers. Chromatographic separations were performed on a Chiralcel OJ-H column (0.46 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm, Daicel Chemical Industries, Japan) ...
Nussbaumer Peter - - 2008
An efficient, one-pot procedure for the synthesis of ceramide 1-phosphates with varying N-acyl substituents, to serve as tool compounds for analytical and biological investigations, was developed. Sphingosine 1-phosphate was silylated in situ to increase its solubility and to protect the 3-hydroxy functionality and then allowed to react with activated acid ...
Bandari Rajendar - - 2007
Electron beam (EB) curing-derived monolith materials were prepared from ethyl methacrylate (EMA), trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 2-propanol, 1-dodecanol, and toluene within the confines of 3 mmx100 mm id glass columns, applying a total dose of 22 kGy for curing. Monolithic columns were checked for their separation behavior for selected dansylated (DNS)-amino ...
Biesaga Magdalena - - 2007
Reversed-phase HPLC was optimised for simultaneous determination of several derivatives of benzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids (so-called phenolic acids) in plums using a commercially available monolithic column. Mobile phase pH and concentration of organic modifier (methanol and acetonitrile) were tested in order to obtain the best resolution. Satisfactory separation was achieved ...
Nesterenko Ekaterina P - - 2007
An RP monolithic column coated with an amphoteric carboxybetaine type surfactant has been used with a combined triple eluent concentration, pH and flow gradient ion chromatography technique for the simultaneous separation of up to 18 nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleobases. The separation of up to eight precursors on a 1 cm ...
Qi Li - - 2007
The aim of this work was to assay seasoning D- or L-aromatic amino acids (AAs) in rice-brewed suspensions, Laozao in Chinese, by chiral ligand-exchange CE with UV detection and Zn(II) complex as a chiral selecting system. Resolution and peak retention were found to be parallel to the basicity of the ...
Penkman K E H - - 2007
Until recently few studies of amino acid racemization of fossil bivalves and gastropods collected from river terrace deposits in Europe were based on the analysis of the intra-crystalline fraction. Instead they were based on the epimerization (racemization) of a single amino acid, isoleucine, and its inter-conversion to alloisoleucine. This paper ...
Wang Hengshan - - 2007
A new type of chiral surfactant, sodium maleopimaric acid (SMA), was synthesized, and employed for the enantioselective micellar electrokinetic chromatographic (MEKC) separation of amino acid enantiomers derivatized with naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA-D/L-AAs). The effect of the surfactant concentration, type and concentration of the BGE, and buffer pH on the resolution was studied, ...
Ohno Hiroyuki - - 2007
The preparation of ionic liquids derived from amino acids, and their properties, are outlined. Since amino acids have both a carboxylic acid residue and an amino group in a single molecule, they can be used as either anions or cations. These groups are also useful in their ability to introduce ...
Berkecz Róbert - - 2008
High-performance liquid chromatographic methods were developed for the separation of the enantiomers of thirteen unusual beta-3-homo-amino acids and three of its ethyl esters on a chiral stationary phase containing (+)-(18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid as chiral selector. The effects of the mobile phase composition and the acidic modifiers on the separation were investigated. ...
Chernobrovkin M G - - 2007
Several chiral thiols, i.e. traditionally used enantiomerically pure SH reagents and novel N-R-mandelyl-L-cysteine (R-NMC) containing additional chiral center, have been applied as co-reagents in precolumn derivatization with o-phthalaldehyde for enantiomeric HPLC analysis of individual alpha-amino acids and their mixtures. The R-NMC-derived isoindoles as well as adducts with other thiols have ...
Franco Elliott J - - 2008
In this study, a monoclonal anti-d-hydroxy acid antibody was immobilized onto a synthetic high-flow-through chromatographic support material to produce a chiral stationary phase suitable for enantiomer separation of free alpha-hydroxy acids. Chiral separation of several aliphatic and aromatic members of this class of compounds was achieved in HPLC under mild ...
Klinker Chanda Ciriacks - - 2007
4-Fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F) has been characterized as a fluorogenic labeling reagent for high speed, online microdialysis-capillary electrophoresis (MD-CE) assays for amino acid neurotransmitters. NBD-F labeled amines are efficiently excited using 488 nm light allowing more common lasers to be used for excitation than has been previously possible. Amino acids were sampled ...
Gu Liping - - 2007
A modified LC-MS/MS method for large-scale screening of metabolic phenotypes was developed and validated. Twenty amino acids and 5 metabolically related compounds are measured within 4 min using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions selective for each compound. Separation with a short C18 column and rapid gradient using the ion-pairing reagent ...
Zeng Yikun - - 2007
A simple and rapid capillary electrophoresis (CE) with electrcochemical detection (ED) method has been established for the simultaneous determination of seven active ingredients in the stems and roots of Gaultheria leucocarpa var. yunnanensis and its medicinal preparation, including (+)-catechin, rutin, gentisic acid, vallinic acid, salicylic acid, quercetin, and protocatechuic acid. ...
Hyun Myung Ho - - 2007
A doubly tethered chiral stationary phase (CSP) containing N-CH(3 )amide linkage based on (+)-(18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid was applied to the resolution of various beta-amino acids. The chiral recognition behaviors for the resolution of beta-amino acids on the doubly tethered CSP were consistent with those on the corresponding singly tethered CSP while ...
Zhang Li-Yao - - 2007
A rapid and sensitive capillary electrophoresis (CE) method coupled with fluorescence detection was developed for identification of protein phosphorylation by determination of phosphoamino acids. Naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA), a fluorescence derivatization reagent, was used to label protein hydrolysate. The optimal derivatization reaction was performed with 3.5mM NDA, 40 mM NaCN and 20mM ...
Henchoz Yveline - - 2007
A rapid and universal capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method was developed to determine the dissociation constants (pK (a)) of the 20 standard proteogenic amino acids. Since some amino acids are poorly detected by UV, capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) was used as an additional detection mode. The C(4)D coupling ...
Salabat Alireza - - 2007
The counter-current chromatography method using aqueous two-phase systems, which is a form of liquid-liquid partition chromatography, could be applied for separation of the amino acids. This method needs some information about the partition coefficient of the amino acids in such systems. In this work, partitioning of amino acids d-alanine, l-valine ...
Li Xiaobao - - 2008
Two new types of boronate affinity solid phases were synthesized and characterized. The materials were prepared by silylation of porous silica gel with monochlorosilane derivatives containing synthetic sulfonyl- and sulfonamide-substituted phenylboronic acids. The new solid phases were evaluated for boronate affinity chromatography with aryl and alkyl cis-diol compounds and were ...
Kvasnicka Frantisek - - 2007
An on-line coupled capillary isotachophoresis-capillary zone electrophoresis method for the determination of glycyrrhizin in liqueurs is described. The optimised electrolyte system was 5 mM HCl+11 mM epsilon-aminocaproic acid+0.05% hydroxyethylcellulose+30% methanol (leading electrolyte), 5 mM caproic acid+30% methanol (terminating electrolyte) and 20 mM caproic acid+10 mM histidine+0.1% hydroxyethylcellulose+30% methanol (background electrolyte). ...
Destaillats Frédéric - - 2007
Separation of fatty acids as methyl ester (FAME) derivatives has been carried out using short and highly polar capillary column developed for fast gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) applications. The GLC parameters have been optimized in order to achieve separation of FAME ranging from 4:0 (butyric acid) to 24:1 in less than ...
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