Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2111
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hoffmann Christian V - - 2009
The concept of recently introduced Cinchona alkaloid-type zwitterionic chiral stationary phases (CSPs) is based on fusing key cation- and anion-exchange (CX, AX) moieties in one single low-molecular mass chiral selector (SO) with the resulting CSPs allowing enantiomer separations of a wide range of chiral ionizable analytes comprising acids, bases, and ...
Forró Eniko - - 2009
A novel gas chromatographic method was developed for the enantioseparation of valuable acyclic and carbocyclic cis- and trans-beta-amino acids, including cispentacin and a number of its analogues and homologues. Excellent (in most cases baseline) separation was achieved for the racemates of these beta-amino acids on CP-Chirasil-Dex CB or CP-Chirasil L-Val ...
Giuffrida A - - 2009
The enantioseparation of the enantiomeric pairs of 10 Dns derivatives of alpha-amino acids was successfully carried out by using for the first time the 3-amino derivative of the gamma-cyclodextrin. The effects of pH and selector concentration on the migration times and the resolutions of analytes were studied in detail. 3-Deoxy-3-amino-2(S),3(R)-gamma-cyclodextrin ...
Berkecz Róbert - - 2009
The direct separation of the enantiomers of four 2-aminomono- or dihydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic acids and four 2-aminodihydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acids was performed on chiral stationary phases containing macrocyclic glycopeptide antibiotics such as teicoplanin (Astec Chirobiotic T and T2), teicoplanin aglycone (Chirobiotic TAG) or ristocetin A (Chirobiotic R) as chiral selectors. The effects of the ...
Hoeman Kurt W - - 2008
A new buffer has been developed for fast, high-efficiency separations of amino acids by MEKC. This buffer was more environmentally friendly than the most commonly used surfactant-containing buffers for MEKC separations. It used a commercially available dishwashing soap by Seventh Generation (Burlington, VT, USA), which contained three micelle-forming agents. The ...
Pataj Zoltán - - 2008
The enantiomers of eight unusual beta(2)- and beta(3)-homoamino acids were separated on chiral stationary phases containing the macrocyclic glycopeptide antibiotic teicoplanin (Chirobiotic T or T2) or teicoplanin aglycone (Chirobiotic TAG) as chiral selectors. The effects of the organic modifier, the mobile phase composition, and temperature on the separations were investigated. ...
Uutela Päivi - - 2009
The efficiencies of three derivatisation reagents that react with either the amine (9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC)) or the carboxylic acid group (butanol) of amino acid or with both types of functional groups (propyl chloroformate) were compared in the analysis of amino acids by liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). Separation of 20 ...
Fries Elke - - 2009
Potassium formate was extracted from airport storm water runoff by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and analyzed by GC-MS. Formate was transformed to formic acid by adding phosphoric acid. Subsequently, formic acid was derivatized to methyl formate by adding methanol. Using sodium [(2)H]formate (formate-d) as an internal standard, the relative standard ...
Zaher Mustapha - - 2009
In this paper, we describe the preparation and the evaluation of a porous graphitic carbon (PGC) column coated with a new dinaphthyl derivative of neamine for chiral ligand-exchange (LE) chromatography. It was shown that the graphitic surface/dinaphthyl anchor system efficiently (1.15 micromol/m(2)) and stably (three months of intensive use) adsorbs ...
Beneito-Cambra Miriam - - 2008
A method for the rapid classification of proteases, lipases, amylases and cellulases used as enhancers in cleaning products, based on precipitation with acetone, hydrolysis with HCl, dilution of the hydrolysates with ethanol, and direct infusion into the electrospray ion source of an ion-trap mass spectrometer, has been developed. The abundances ...
Yin Dongguang - - 2008
In the present study, a novel peroxyoxalate CE-CL system was developed to achieve high signal stability and sensitivity based on a design of a new interface including a new mixing mode and a new grounding electrode mode. Amino acids fluorescently tagged with dansyl chloride and naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde(NDA) were used for the ...
Bhushan Ravi - - 2008
DL-Penicillamine has been resolved into its enantiomers by normal-phase TLC using L-tartaric acid as chiral impregnating reagent as well as chiral mobile phase additive, while (R)-mandelic acid has been found to be successful as a chiral impregnating reagent. The solvent system acetonitrile-methanol-water (5:1:1, v/v) was found to be successful when ...
Qi Li - - 2008
A facile chiral ligand-exchange capillary electrophoretic method has been explored for the enantioseparation and UV detection of dansyl-amino acids with Zn(II) L-arginine complex as a chiral selecting system. Successful enantioseparation of 17 pairs of amino acid enantiomers has been achieved with a buffer of 100 mM boric acid, 5 mM ...
Tong Ping - - 2009
A method based on the kinetics stability study on hydrolysis of chlorogenic acid by capillary zone electrophoresis with electrochemical detection (CE-ED) has been developed in this paper. Both cyclic and hydrodynamic voltammograms of chlorogenic acid and its hydrolysis product caffeic acid have been investigated. The conditions for separation of chlorogenic ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2008
In recent years, several countries have implemented new regulations regarding limitations or labeling of the trans fatty acid (tFA) content in foods. In order to comply with the new requirements, gas chromatographic methods for fatty acid (FA) analysis have been refined toward the quantitation of a larger number of FAs. ...
Kippenberger Matthias - - 2008
The objective of this work was to develop a method to determine the concentrations of higher organic acids in snow samples. The target species are the homologous aliphatic alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acids from C(5) to C(13), pinonic acid, pinic acid and phthalic acid. A preconcentration procedure utilizing solid phase extraction was developed ...
Ohno Ryo - - 2008
Sodium deoxycholate in water dissociates into sodium cation and deoxycholate anion in the aqueous phase, and then, the latter anions partially hydrolyze to form deionized deoxycholic acids. The acids move into the benzene phase, when liquid benzene is placed upon the aqueous phase, and finally the partition equilibrium is reached. ...
Paik Man-Jeong - - 2008
N-ethoxycarbonylation was combined with (S)-1-phenylethylamidation for enantioseparation of amino acids by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) on achiral capillary columns. The method provided complete enantioseparations of 12 amino acids as diastereomeric N-ethoxycarbonyl/(S)-1-phenylethylamides with exceptional resolutions for proline (R(s) > or = 9.9) and pipecolic acid (R(s) > ...
Dobson Gary - - 2008
Phytochemical diversity with respect to a range of polar (including amino acids, organic acids, sugars, and sugar alcohols) and nonpolar (including fatty acids, alkanols, and sterols) metabolites was examined within tubers from a total of 29 genetically diverse potato cultivars and Chilean landraces using a metabolomics approach by gas chromatography-mass ...
Hoffmann Christian V - - 2008
In an attempt to overcome the limited applicability scope of earlier proposed Cinchona alkaloid-based chiral weak anion exchangers (WAX) and recently reported aminosulfonic acid-based chiral strong cation exchangers (SCX), which are conceptionally restricted to oppositely charged solutes, their individual chiral selector (SO) subunits have been fused in a combinatorial synthesis ...
Cheung Hon-Yeung - - 2008
A cyclodextrin-modified capillary zone electrophoresis method was developed for the separation and determination of three isomeric compounds (ursolic acid, oleanolic acid and betulinic acid), caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, rosmarinic acid, rutin and quercetin. Without the addition of beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) and methanol, the separation of these analytes was poorly resolved. These ...
Zhu Jinhua - - 2008
Two stacking methods in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) were investigated in this article in an attempt to increase the amount of sample injected, as well as to focus analytes onto a small zone. One employed a "high-conductivity zone", which was inserted between the sample zone and background solution to build ...
Tong Shengqiang - - 2008
This work concentrates on pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography of two isomeric dicaffeoylquinic acids, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid along with 3-caffeoylquinic acid, from crude extracts of Flos Lonicerae. The elution sequence of the isomeric dicaffeoylquinic acids, the mixing zone and mechanism of separation are discussed. The separation of 2.136g of the ...
Kaspar Hannelore - - 2009
Amino acids are important targets for metabolic profiling. For decades, amino acid analysis has been accomplished by either cation-exchange or reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to UV absorbance or fluorescence detection of pre-column or post-column-derivatized amino acids. Recent years have seen great progress in the development of direct-infusion or hyphenated mass ...
Yin Xue-Bo - - 2008
A novel, simple, and economical method for the preparation of open-tubular capillary column using polydopamine coating was reported for the first time. After the capillary was filled with dopamine solution for 20h, polydopamine was formed and deposited on the inner wall of capillary as permanent coating via the oxidation of ...
Danger Grégoire - - 2008
The first results of chiral separations with the gradient elution isotachophoresis method are presented. As previously described, citrate is used in the run buffer as the leading ion and borate in the sample buffer as the terminating ion. Modulation of parameters such as electrolyte pH, pressure scan rate, chiral selector ...
Yang Xingbin - - 2008
A simple capillary electrophoretic method based on 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolon (PMP) derivatization has been developed for simultaneous separation and determination of nine aldoses (xylose, arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, fucose, galactose, mannose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid). The separation of PMP-labeled monosaccharide derivatives was carried out in uncoated capillary (48.5 cm x 75 microm ...
Billiot Eugene - - 2008
This manuscript discusses the results of studies that were performed to determine optimum capillary electrophoresis (CE) conditions for the enantiomeric resolution of twelve chiral analytes with eight amino acid based polymeric surfactants. The parameters that were optimized include pH, buffer type, and concentration of surfactant. The results indicated that the ...
Bicalho Beatriz - - 2008
Capillary gas chromatography (CGC) in combination with mass spectrometry (MS) was optimized for the separation and detection of the fatty acids occurring in the lipid fraction of blood. A fingertip blood sample (ca. 50 microL) was transesterified into the methyl esters and analyzed on a 100 m x 0.25 mm ...
Shih Ying - - 2008
Tranexamic acid (TA) is an important reagent in cosmetic skin-whitening formulation and a drug for the inhibition of plasminogen to plasmin in blood. Since there is no chromophore in tranexamic acid molecule to enable direct analysis by UV-visible absorption spectrophotometry, derivatization is thus required by excluding use of UV or ...
Mandal Badal Kumar - - 2008
The present study describes the synthesis and characterization of thioarsenicals using electro-spray ionization-MS and time of flight-MS. Separation of thioarsenicals was found to be better by size-exclusion column compared to anion exchange column coupled with HPLC-inductively coupled argon plasma mass spectrometer (ICP MS). Although four thioarsenicals were confirmed as dimethylthioarsinous ...
Pabst Martin - - 2008
Porous graphitic carbon (PGC) emerges as an ideal stationary phase for LC-ESI-MS of complex oligosaccharides. Therefore, we studied the factors influencing detection and elution of charged oligosaccharides from PGC columns coupled to an ESI source. Electrosorption by the carbon surface leads to total retention of very acidic glycans on instruments ...
Alves Susana P - - 2008
Direct transesterification (DT) and solvent extraction with acid or basic derivatization procedure for fatty acid (FA) analysis in herbage were compared. The highest total FA, alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid contents were obtained with DT. However, DT also produced the highest amount of interfering compounds, identified as phytadienes and sugar derivative ...
Tang Fei - - 2008
Amino acid ionic liquids (AAILs) containing imidazolium cations and amino acid (AA) anions, were synthesized and applied as task-specific ionic liquids. A sensitive and fast liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method was established for the quantitative analysis of 20 AAILs. Using ion pairing-reversed phase liquid chromatography technique, heptafluorobutyric acid was used ...
Damianoglou Angeliki - - 2008
To obtain accurate and consistent measurements from circular dichroism (CD) instruments over time and from different laboratories, it is important that they are properly calibrated. The characteristics of the available reference materials are not ideal to ensure proper calibration as they typically only give peaks in one or two spectral ...
Kaneta Takashi - - 2008
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) combined with laser-induced fluorescence detection is applied to the determination of amino acids in urine samples. The urine samples are first ultrafiltered, to remove proteins and large peptides, and the filtrates are then directly labeled by reaction with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). Cyclodextrin-modified CE using alpha-cyclodextrin is employed ...
Deng Ying-Hua - - 2008
A CE-LIF detection method has been developed to identify and quantitate six amino acid neurotransmitters including glutamic acid, aspartic acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, glycine, taurine, and glutamine. N-hydroxysuccinimidyl fluorescein-O-acetate, a fluorescein-based dye, was employed for the derivatization of these neurotransmitters prior to CE-LIF analysis. Different parameters which influenced separation and derivatization ...
Bhushan Ravi - - 2008
Direct resolution of racemic atenolol and propranolol into their enantiomers was achieved by normal phase TLC on silica gel plates impregnated with optically pure L-tartaric acid, (R)-mandelic acid and (-)-erythromycin as chiral selectors. Different solvent systems were worked out to resolve the enantiomers. Spots were detected using iodine vapour. The ...
Rigobello-Masini Marilda - - 2008
The concept of sequential injection chromatography (SIC) was exploited to automate the fluorimetric determination of amino acids after pre-column derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) in presence of 2-mercaptoethanol (2MCE) using a reverse phase monolithic C(18) stationary phase. The method is low-priced and based on five steps of isocratic elutions. The first ...
Kitagawa Fumihiko - - 2009
To achieve label-free detection of amino acids in capillary-based electrokinetic chromatography-thermal lens microscopy (EKC-TLM), gold nanoparticles (GNPs), which possess the absorption around 500nm attributed to surface plasmon resonance (SPR), were added to the background solution (BGS). Since the SPR absorption of the GNPs exhibits a sensitive response toward environmental changes ...
Zunińá Gordana - - 2008
Plasma aromatic and sulfur containing amino acids are good indicators of protein anabolism/catabolism, while blood reduced and oxidized glutathione reflect oxidative status in an organism. Using a full factorial design for screening important variables (pH, concentration, temperature) we developed a capillary zone electrophoresis method permitting their measurements in the single ...
Bannore Yogita C - - 2008
This study has shown for the first time the suitability of CE with a partially aqueous electrolyte system for the analysis of free fatty acids (FFAs) in small portions of single peanut seeds. The partially aqueous electrolyte system consisted of 40 mM Tris, 2.5 mM adenosine-5'-monophosphate (AMP) and 7 mM ...
Ren Sheng-fang - - 2008
RP-HPLC was applied to analyze active polypeptides in Arca subcrenata, and the optimal condition for separation was also set up: temperature: 30 degrees C; wavelength: 280 nm; flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Solvent A consisted of 80% acetonitrile and 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) and solvent B contained 0.1% TFA. In this ...
Lin Zian - - 2008
A pressurized CEC (pCEC) coupled with on-column chemiluminescence (CL) detection was developed for direct determination of amino acids, which was based on the principle of an enhanced effect of Cu(II)-amino acid complexes on the CL reaction between luminol and hydrogen peroxide in alkaline solution. The effects of some important factors ...
Pesek Joseph J - - 2008
A pentyl (C5) stationary phase is synthesized on a hydride surface using both 100 and 300 A silica particles. The aqueous normal phase properties of these new phases are evaluated using amino acids at high concentrations of ACN in the mobile phase containing 0.1% formic acid. The RP properties of ...
Nilsson Ulrika - - 2008
A new method, involving SPE and HPLC/UV diode-array detection (DAD), was developed for the quantification of colophonium components in different consumer products, such as cosmetics. Colophonium is a common cause of contact dermatitis since its components can oxidize into allergens on exposure to air. Three different resin acids were used ...
Yang Weichun W Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, - - 2008
Developments in biology are increasing demands for rapid, inexpensive, and sensitive biomolecular analysis. In this study, polymer microdevices with monolithic columns and electrophoretic channels were used for biological separations. Glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate monolithic columns were formed within poly(methyl methacrylate) microchannels by in situ photopolymerization. Flow experiments in these columns demonstrated ...
Pesek Joseph J - - 2008
A novel silica hydride-based stationary phase was used to evaluate the retention behavior in the aqueous normal-phase (ANP) mode of standards representing three classes of metabolites. The effects on retention behavior of amino acids, carbohydrates and small organic acids were examined by altering the column temperature, and by adding different ...
Wang Yi - - 2008
A novel chip-based flow injection analysis (FIA) system has been developed for automatic, rapid and selective determination of dopamine (DA) in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA). The system is composed of a polycarbonate (PC) microfluidic chip with an electrochemical detector (ED), a gravity pump, and an automatic sample loading ...
Denoroy Luc - - 2008
A new in-capillary derivatization method with naphtalene-2,3-dicarboxyaldehyde (NDA)/CN(-) has been developed for capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection of brain microdialysate amino acids. Samples are sandwiched between two plugs of reagent mixture at the capillary inlet and subsequently separated. Highest derivatization yields are obtained by using a reagent to sample ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >