Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 685
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Staak S - - 1990
The present study was carried out to investigate the time course of metabolization in brain and the influence on RNA synthesis of a retention-improving dosage of methylglucamine orotate after intracerebroventricular application. As determined by the HPLC technique, 73% of acid-soluble radioactivity were recovered in unmetabolized orotic acid 30 min after ...
Sipka S - - 1989
The zymosan-induced chemiluminescence of human phagocytes (neutrophil granulocytes) could be inhibited by adenosine, polyadenylic acid, dipyridamole (an agent blocking the cellular adenosine uptake) and coformycin (a highly potent inhibitor of enzyme adenosine deaminase). It is suggested that in estimating the antianginal and antithrombotic action of dipyridamole, its action on the ...
Rathod P K - - 1989
Unlike mammalian cells, malarial parasites are completely dependent on de novo pyrimidine metabolism. Even though these parasites do not use external uracil or uridine, orotic acid, an intermediate of pyrimidine biosynthesis, is successfully transported into the parasite and incorporated into parasite nucleic acids. On this basis, it was hypothesized that ...
Werner A A Institute of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty Charité, Humboldt University of Berlin, - - 1989
There are peroxidative changes during the reperfusion of the rat small intestine following a 1h period of total ischaemia. That is demonstrated by the increases of the concentrations of glutathione disulphide and of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. An important source of the active oxygen species leading to peroxidations is the degradation ...
Ma Y - - 1989
Oligo-DNAs are synthesized on a solid support using the 9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl group as a 5'-OH base labile protection. The synthesis of the pure protected nucleotides, a relevant phosphoramidite-type strategy of coupling, and the optimization of the deprotection steps are described. This new synthetic method is an alternative to the standard protocol ...
Wheeler P R - - 1989
Mycobacterium leprae incorporated exogenously supplied pyrimidines as bases or nucleosides, but not as a nucleotide, into its nucleic acids. Notably, thymine was incorporated approximately 5 times more rapidly than thymidine by both suspensions of, or intracellular M. leprae. Thymine incorporation was significantly inhibited by clofazamine and dapsone at near-pharmacological levels. ...
Schwartz A W - - 1989
Recent interest in the properties of "nucleic acid-like structures" has been stimulated by difficulties encountered in the synthesis and nonenzymatic oligomerization of nucleotides. However, none of the newly proposed monomers has yet been synthesized in a plausibly prebiotic manner. Arguments are presented that analogues based on 8-hydroxymethyladenine and 5-hydroxymethyluracil are ...
González-Nicolás J - - 1989
1. Acute effects of dipyridamole, an inhibitor of adenosine transport, direct activators of adenylate cyclase and thirteen adenosine antagonist analogs on fatty acid synthesis have been examined in terms of the control of [1-14C]acetate incorporation into labeled fatty acids in the presence of glucose. 2. This monosaccharide acts as a ...
Hauser S C - - 1988
Cytosolic uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronic acid is the essential cosubstrate for all hepatic microsomal UDP-glucuronosyltransferase-mediated reactions. Uridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) has been implicated as an activator of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases in vivo, acting either as an allosteric effector or by enhancing access of uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronic acid to the enzyme. To delineate the interaction of uridine ...
Pon R T - - 1988
An improved and simplified procedure for the attachment of nucleosides onto long chain alkylamine controlled pore glass beads (LCAA-CPG) is presented. This procedure uses 1-(3-dimethylamino-propyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide (DEC) to couple nucleoside 3'-succinates directly to the LCAA-CPG. The preparation of nucleoside 3'-succinate anhydrides, p-nitrophenyl, or pentachlorophenyl esters and the use of highly toxic ...
Newton R P - - 1988
Identification of cytidine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic CMP) as one of the products resulting from the incubation of dialysed cell-free preparations from rat brain, liver and kidney with cytidine 5'-triphosphate (CTP) is described. The non-acidic precipitable products after incubation of the tissue preparations with unlabelled, with 14C-single labelled, and with 14C- ...
Kadir R - - 1988
Human skin samples are permeable to adenosine delivered from 0.5-3% solutions in vehicles consisting of propionic acid, hexanoic acid, or mixtures of these in various ratios. The observed optimal Kp, hence flux, of adenosine from the binary vehicles is 0.4 X 10(-3) cm/min, while that from propionic acid is 0.12 ...
Rebek J J - - 1988
Model studies of molecular recognition are reviewed with emphasis on contributions from macrocyclic chemistry. Recent developments concerning new molecular shapes are discussed. The advantages of a molecular cleft are presented. In these structures functional groups converge to create a microenvironment complementary to substrates. Specifically, di-, tri- and tetracarboxylic acids of ...
Wilson S P - - 1988
The tyrosine methyl esters of succinyl cyclic AMP and succinyl cyclic GMP were iodinated by the chloramine T method and individually applied to C18 cartridges. A solution of 1-propanol/0.1 M sodium acetate pH 4.75 (17.5:82.5) was then pumped onto each cartridge and the eluate collected. A large peak of radioactivity, ...
Herbert K E - - 1988
1. Nucleosides and bases in physiological fluids result from metabolism of nucleic acids and nucleotides and from dietary sources. As nucleotide catabolism increases during tissue injury, nucleosides and bases could serve as useful biochemical markers in arthritis. 2. We have quantified nucleosides and bases in synovial fluid and plasma by ...
Halacheva K - - 1988
Upon simultaneous administration lysine-orotate increases (about 40-fold) the toxicity in mice of a crude Amanita phalloides extract. This effect, though less prominent, is also observed if these two compounds are injected 1 hr apart. The potentiating effect of lysine-orotate is dose dependent and neither L-lysine nor orotic acid exert any ...
Ivanov S - - 1988
Fluororotic acid, an orotic acid analogue which interferes with the nucleotide and RNA biosynthesis, was tested to determine its effect on: a) 14C-glucosamine and 14C-N-acetylmannosamine incorporation into acid-soluble nucleotide-sugars and into b) glycoconjugates from chicken liver and hepatoma induced by the avian leukosis strain Mc-29. In vivo metabolism studies indicated ...
Lennard L L University Department of Therapeutics, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, - - 1987
A highly sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic assay, with ultraviolet detection, for 6-thioinosinic acid and the 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6TGNs) was developed. The 6TGNs are major red blood cell metabolites of the immunosuppressive agent azathioprine and the cytotoxic drugs 6-thioguanine and 6-mercaptopurine. The assay is based on the specific extraction, via ...
Dumbrava V A - - 1987
UDPglucuronic acid and erythroascorbic acid were identified in extracts of the fungus Neurospora crassa. The concentrations of these two compounds are estimated, in growing wild type N. crassa, to be about 0.10 and 0.28 mumol/ml of cell water, respectively. The pools of these two compounds are regulated by cyclic AMP ...
Fitt P S - - 1987
The acid-insoluble product isolated from well-oxygenated Langendorff rat heart after perfusion with [14C]adenosine was purified by phenol extraction and subjected to specific phosphorolysis by pure polynucleotide phosphorylase. TLC analysis of the reaction mixture showed that ADP was the only radioactive product, proving that the original substance was a polyribonucleotide. Studies ...
Wheeler P R - - 1987
Purine biosynthesis de novo could not be detected in suspensions of Mycobacterium leprae isolated from armadillo tissue. In contrast, non-growing suspensions of other pathogenic mycobacteria, also isolated from infected host tissue did synthesize purines. Rates of synthesis, judged by incorporation of [2-14C]glycine or [3-14C]serine into nucleic acid purines were 600 ...
Brown P H - - 1987
The amino acid composition and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of barley nuclease (EC 3.1.30.2) were determined. The amino acid composition is similar to that of mung bean nuclease, and therefore the biochemical properties of barley nuclease were characterized and compared with those of mung bean and other plant nucleases. The ...
Kovacević Z - - 1987
1. Oxidation of glutamine in Ehrlich ascites-carcinoma cells results in a large accumulation of aspartate. 2. The addition of inosine causes a marked decrease in aspartate production from glutamine. This may be related to the resynthesis of AMP from aspartate and IMP, the latter being produced from inosine via the ...
Lee D A - - 1987
We have employed sulfhydryl group reagents in an attempt to determine the mechanism by which the transport of nucleotides into synaptic vesicles is controlled. Transport proved to be sensitive to N-ethylmaleimide; radiolabelled N-ethylmaleimide was used to locate the sulfhydryl group to the translocase-associated molecule previously identified as a polypeptide of ...
DeLucchi C - - 1987
Human milk contains relatively high amounts of acid-soluble nucleotides, mainly CMP, AMP, UMP, IMP, and UDP sugars, and lacks orotate. On the contrary, cow's milk and adapted formulas contain high amounts of orotate and very low amounts of CMP and AMP. Nucleotides may be modulators of metabolic functions in gut ...
Labbe R G - - 1987
Caffeine (2 mg/mL) inhibited the incorporation of [14C]adenine into actively growing cells of Clostridium perfringens NCTC 8679 in a dose-dependent manner. Also reduced by caffeine was incorporation of [14C]thymidine and 14C-labeled amino acids. No effect on guanine, uracil, adenosine, guanosine, or uridine was detected. Actual incorporation of [14C]caffeine or [14C]thymine ...
Hupe D J - - 1987
An orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, OPRTase, assay method which relies upon binding reactant [3H]orotic acid and product [3H]orotidine-5'-monophosphate to polyethyleneimine-impregnated-cellulose resin and collecting on a GFC glass fiber filter is presented. Elution with 2 X 5 ml of 0.1 M sodium chloride in 5 mM ammonium acetate removes all of the orotate ...
Schulhof J C - - 1987
Phenoxyacetyl (pac) and methoxyacetyl (mac) for adenine and guanine, isobutyryl for cytosine, were successfully applied as amino protecting groups both in phosphotriester and phosphoramidite approaches. As shown by N.M.R. and H.P.L.C. analysis, they are completely deblocked in less than four hours in 29% ammonia at room temperature allowing the preparation ...
Dutta P K - - 1987
Endogenous ribonucleoside triphosphates were determined in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography after extraction with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Results indicate that in E. coli this extraction method is more sensitive and reliable than trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and formic acid extraction. However, whereas in P. aeruginosa ...
Butcher S P - - 1987
The effects of d-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate on severe hypoglycemia-induced alterations in extracellular levels of amino acids and purine catabolites were examined in the rat striatum using the brain microdialysis technique. The extracellular concentrations of purine catabolites (hypoxanthine, xanthine, inosine and adenosine) increased dramatically during the isoelectric period. Following readministration of glucose, adenosine ...
Welsh R S - - 1987
Highly purified DNA obtained from calf thymus nuclei was found to cleave after reaction with a chelating agent and subsequent dialysis against 0.01 M phosphate. During the cleavage release of proteineous material into the dialysate was observed. By means of anion exchange resin column chromatography, this material was separated into ...
Rao P M - - 1987
Perturbations in DNA and/or membranes are considered to be important for the carcinogenic process. A search for nutritional and metabolic means of disturbing the homeostasis of DNA and membranes revealed that nucleotide pools offer an exciting possibility. An imbalance in nucleotide pools can exert a two-pronged attack on both DNA ...
Mura U - - 1987
The preservation of purine ring as purine bases appears to be a common feature of camel liver. Hepatic guanine appears to be actively converted into GMP in the camel rather than further degraded. The limiting step of guanine degradation appears to be the lack of hepatic guanase activity. Higher purine ...
Okuda S - - 1986
A new uridine nucleotide was isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa P1-III (Habs serotype 5). On the basis of 13C-n.m.r. and p.m.r. spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, i.r.-absorption spectroscopy and circular dichrometry, the structure of the new compound was unequivocally identified as uridine(5')-diphospho(1)-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-gl ucopyranuronic acid.
Gourdeau H - - 1986
A reverse-phase isocratic HPLC method is described for direct simultaneous assay of ATP, ADP, AMP, S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, S-adenosylethionine, and other adenine derivatives in liver microbiopsies. The procedure was tested in conditions which alter the hepatic content of adenine nucleotides and sulfur-adenosyl amino acids in humans, rats, and guinea pigs.
Abeijon C - - 1986
A photoreactive, radiolabeled pyrimidine nucleotide, 3'-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoylcytidine 5'-triphosphate was synthesized from benzoylbenzoic acid and radiolabeled CTP. Benzoylbenzoyl-[5-3H]CTP could substitute for CTP, in an enzymatic reaction with N-acetylneuraminic acid catalyzed by Escherichia coli or rat liver CMP-NeuAc synthetase, to yield radiolabeled benzoyl-benzoyl-CMP-NeuAc. E. coli CMP-NeuAc synthetase could be specifically radiolabeled using benzoylbenzoyl-[alpha-32P]CTP ...
Tornheim K - - 1986
The contribution of the purine nucleotide cycle to renal ammoniagenesis was examined in cortical tubule suspensions prepared from acidotic rats and incubated with [alpha-15N]glutamine, [15N]glutamate, or [15N]aspartate. Labeling of ammonia and adenine nucleotides was determined after enzymatic transformations designed to circumvent the technical problem that 15NH3 and H2O have the ...
Dills R L - - 1986
The effect of decreased hepatic energy state on xenobiotic conjugation was examined in vivo. The pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen, a drug that is conjugated with glucuronic acid, sulfate and glutathione, was analyzed in rats when the hepatic energy state had been decreased by ethionine or fructose. Treatment with ethionine or fructose ...
Cortes P - - 1986
Uracil ribonucleotide-sugars and aminosugars are required for glomerular basement membrane (GBM) biosynthesis. Since these nucleotides are metabolic derivatives of uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP), we have studied the cellular pools of uridine 5'-diphosphoglucose (UDPG), uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA), uridine 5'-diphospho-N-acetyl glucosamine (UDPAG) and UTP, and measured UTP synthesis de novo in isolated ...
Suzuki I - - 1986
Lactobacillus bulgaricus incorporated exogenous guanine only into guanine nucleotides and not into adenine nucleotides. Lactobacillus bulgaricus lacks the ability to interconvert adenine nucleotides and guanine nucleotides. Biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides from orotic acid was depressed by addition of guanosine monophosphate or adenosine monophosphate. Some step in pyrimidine biosynthesis from orotic ...
Hutchinson W L - - 1986
The inability to account for large systematic variations with time in soluble adenine nucleotides in perfused rat hearts [Bates, Perrett & Mowbray (1978) Biochem. J. 176, 485-493; Mowbray, Bates & Perrett (1981) FEBS Lett. 131, 55-59; Mowbray, Perrett & Bates (1984) Int. J. Biochem. 16, 889-894] led us to show ...
Yoshii K - - 1986
Synergism between 5'-nucleotides and L-amino acids in the rat taste nerve responses was investigated. The synergism was examined between low concentration of the nucleotides which induce only a negligibly small response and various concentrations of amino acids. A marked synergism was found between 5'-nucleotides and all the amino acids examined. ...
Dills R L - - 1986
The hepatic conjugation of xenobiotics with sulfate, glucuronic acid, and glutathione is decreased in vitro by compounds that impair cellular energy production. The proposed mechanism is that depletion of ATP in metabolically compromised cells causes a decreased synthesis of the co-substrates, adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS), UDP-glucuronic acid, and glutathione. This ...
Killackey J J - - 1985
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and three structurally related benzoic acid derivatives, 2-acetylbenzoic acid (ABA), 3-methylphthalide (3-MP), and 3-hydroperoxy-3-methylphthalide (3-HMP), were tested for inhibitory effects on three human blood platelet cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities. 3-MP caused a dose-dependent inhibition of the high and low affinity cyclic AMP PDE activities and the ...
Watanabe H - - 1985
In order to estimate the size of the active site of guanylic acid specific RNases (RNase T1 from Aspergillus oryzae and RNase St from Streptomyces erythreus) and guanine-preferential RNase (RNase Ms from A. saitoi), the depolymerization reaction of oligoinosinic acid, (Ip)nI greater than p, having various chain lengths was studied. ...
Pizzichini M - - 1985
The influence of the glucocorticoid hormones (cortisone, cortisol, corticosterone) on the biosynthesis of purine nucleotides (inosinic acid, guanylic acid and adenylic acid) in different organs was investigated in vivo, by following the incorporation of formate-14C into the acid-soluble nucleotides, after administration of the hormones to adrenalectomized rats. Cortisone and corticosterone ...
Marchitto K S - - 1985
Cordycepin sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which are permeable to 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA), were used to study the fate of the methylthioribose carbons of this purine nucleoside. Evidence is presented for the recycling of the methylthio group and part of the ribose portion of MTA in a biosynthetic pathway which leads ...
Parker W B - - 1985
Uridine enhances the growth inhibition due to 5-fluorouracil (FUra) in a cultured mouse T-cell lymphoma (S-49). Using colony formation assays we found that cytotoxicity produced by 24-h continuous exposure to FUra (0.5 to 3.5 microM) was increased more than two-fold by simultaneous exposure to 10 microM uridine. Studies were undertaken ...
Pierson B K - - 1985
An unusual filamentous, gliding bacterium was found in a few hot springs in Oregon where it formed a nearly unispecific top layer of microbial mats. It contained a bacteriochlorophyll a-like pigment and an abundance of carotenoids. There were no chlorosomes or additional chlorophylls. The organism was aerotolerant and appeared to ...
Lind C - - 1985
The formation of benzo[a]pyrene (BP)-3,6 quinol glucuronides in liver microsomes in the presence of UDP-glucuronic acid and NAD(P)H appears to occur by a sequence of three reactions: BP-3,6-quinone----BP-3,6 hydroquinone----BP-3,6-quinol monoglucuronide----BP-3,6-quinol diglucuronide. This conclusion is based on the following results. Incubations with [14C]BP-3,6-quinone or UDP-[14C]glucuronic acid and analysis of the samples ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >