Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 683
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Dervieux T - - 1998
6-Thioguanine and 6-methylmercaptopurine (Me6-MP) nucleotides are the two major thiopurine metabolites of azathioprine found in erythrocytes. During the acid hydrolysis required for the conversion of thiopurine nucleotides into their free bases, Me6-MP was converted into a compound that could be analyzed on a Purospher RP18-e column with dihydrogen phosphate-methanol buffer ...
McGuigan C - - 1998
As part of our on-going effort to deliver masked phosphates of antiviral nucleosides inside living cells we have previously discovered that amino acid-derived phosphoramidates are particularly effective. Here we report that lactate analogues, with a simple change of bridging nitrogen for oxygen, are virtually inactive as antiviral agents and apparently ...
Premraj B J - - 1998
Shape and dimension of the preferred nucleotide repeats in nucleic acids are found to depend on whether the sugar-phosphate linkage is of 2',5' or 3',5' type. It is shown that a nucleotide which is "compact" in 3',5' nucleic acids is rendered "extended" and vice versa for a given sugar pucker. ...
Koizumi S - - 1998
A large-scale production system of uridine 5'-diphospho-galactose (UDP-Gal) has been established by the combination of recombinant Escherichia coli and Corynebacterium ammoniagenes. Recombinant E. coli that overexpress the UDP-Gal biosynthetic genes galT, galK, and galU were generated. C. ammoniagenes contribute the production of uridine triphosphate (UTP), a substrate for UDP-Gal biosynthesis, ...
Vargas-Rodríguez L - - 1998
Sequential incubation of a mixed membrane fraction isolated from Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites with the nonionic detergents Brij 35 and Igepal CA-630 rendered a soluble fraction with the ability to transfer N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from UDP-GlcNAc to dolichol phosphate to form a lipid saccharide that was identified as a mixture of dolichol-P-P-GlcNAc ...
Kajiwara H - - 1998
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) were applied to the analysis of anti-lipolytic acidic tetradecapeptide from Panax ginseng roots. The ginseng polypeptide (GPP) and modified GPPs were chemically synthesized and their affinity to D-ribose and adenosine was examined by ACE and SPR. GPP had affinity to D-ribose ...
Nijmeijer B A - - 1998
Topical application of N-acetylcysteine prior to UVB irradiation of BALB/c mice has previously been shown to inhibit systemic suppression of the contact hypersensitivity response. Formation of cis-urocanic acid, however, is not affected. Besides urocanic acid, UV-induced DNA damage has been held responsible for the initiation of suppression of the contact ...
Akiho H - - 1998
We studied the effects of orotic acid and YM-39558 (2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester), orotic acid ethylester, on delayed neuronal death of hippocampal CA1 neurons induced by transient forebrain ischemia. Our data indicated that YM-39558 had high permeability across the blood brain barrier and was hydrolyzed to orotic acid, the active ...
McCauley R - - 1998
Glutamine has an important role as a source of energy for enterocytes. However, it may also have a key role as a source of nitrogen for the synthesis of nucleotides. The relative contribution of de novo synthesis and salvage pathways seems to be affected by the position of enterocytes within ...
Vargas-Rechia C - - 1998
Treatment of the xyloglucan isolated from the seeds of Hymenaea courbaril with Humicola insolens endo-1,4-beta-d-glucanase I produced xyloglucan oligosaccharides, which were then isolated and characterized. The two most abundant compounds were the heptasaccharide (XXXG) and the octasaccharide (XXLG), which were examined by reference to the biological activity of other structurally ...
Ferdinandy P - - 1998
The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of orotic acid on ischaemic/reperfused myocardial function and cardiac glycogen content in isolated working rat hearts. In a preliminary series of studies, hearts isolated from male Wistar rats (300-350 g) were perfused with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing cumulative concentrations of ...
Yokota H - - 1998
Inhibitory effects of uridine diphosphate on the enzymatic activity of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) were investigated. Pyrimidine nucleotides such as UDP, UTP and cytidine diphosphate reduced the activity of rat purified UGT (phenol UGT) to about 10%, 48% and 46% of the control, respectively, at the same concentration as a donor substrate, ...
Sonnewald U - - 1998
Astrocytes were incubated under normoxic or hypoxic conditions in Dulbecco's minimum essential medium containing [2-13C]acetate, unlabeled glucose and in some cases orotic acid, an intermediate in pyrimidine biosynthesis. After 12 hr the medium was replaced by fresh medium without drug and incubation was continued for 17 hr in a normal ...
Ho Y K - - 1997
A single generation of Drosophila melanogaster was raised on different media. One of the media was unsupplemented (the control) and the others were supplemented with pyrimidine analog at 10.3 mmol/kg culture medium. The relative numbers of larvae, pupae, and F1 adults reproduced from parent flies on each medium served as ...
Vagnoni D B - - 1997
Five multiparous, ruminally cannulated Holstein cows (two lactating and three dry) weighing (X +/- SD) 667 +/- 35 kg were used to study the effect of abomasal purine infusion on the excretion of purine derivatives. Cows were fed corn silage four times daily at 90% of ad libitum intake (X ...
Billot-Klein D - - 1997
Analyses of the peptidoglycan nucleotide precursor contents of enterococci and staphylococci treated with ramoplanin, tunicamycin, or vancomycin were carried out by high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). In all cases, a sharp increase in the UDP-N-actetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide or -pentadepsipeptide pool was observed. Concomitantly, new peptidoglycan nucleotide peptides of higher ...
Dumas R - - 1997
The nucleotide sequence coding for the Arabidopsis thaliana acetohydroxy acid synthase was genetically fused in frame with the nucleotide sequence coding for the Spinacia oleracea acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase and expressed in Escherichia coli. This construction allowed the production of large amounts of soluble fusion protein. The pure chimeric enzyme exhibits ...
Jezek P - - 1996
Transport properties of plant mitochondria from potato tubers were investigated using the swelling technique and membrane potential measurements. Proton-dependent swelling of fatty acid-depleted mitochondria in potassium acetate with valinomycin was possible only in the presence of fatty acids (linoleic acid and 12-(4-azido-2-nitrophenylamino)dodecanoic acid) and was inhibited by various purine nucleotides ...
Harding M M - - 1996
The solution chemistry and interactions of niobocene dichloride, Cp2NbCl2, with nucleosides, nucleotides, and amino acids has been studied by 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy. The 1H NMR spectrum of Cp2NbCl2 in 10% DMSO-d6/D2O contains two sharp singlets consistent with hydrolysis of the halide ligands and oxidation of the paramagnetic Nb(IV) ...
Thorell L - - 1996
Ribonucleotides in human milk have been claimed to have several effects in recipient infants. It is, however, not known whether the nucleotides found in human milk result from degradation of nucleic acids or are actively secreted as a response to a nutritional demand of the infant. Furthermore, little is known ...
Schultz R G - - 1996
Uniformly modified oligodeoxyribonucleotide N3'-->P5' phosphoramidates containing 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxy-pyrimidine nucleosides were synthesized using an efficient interphase amidite transfer reaction. The 3'-amino group of solid phase-supported 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxynucleoside was used as an acceptor and 5'-diisopropylamino phosphoramidite as a donor of a phosphoramidite group in the tetrazole-catalyzed exchange reaction. Subsequent oxidation with aqueous iodine resulted ...
Boza J J - - 1996
The contributions of dietary nucleotides and nucleotides synthesized de novo to ribonucleic acid synthesis in vivo were estimated by feeding, from d 13 to 18 of gestation, two groups of five pregnant mice a defined diet that contained either uniformly [U13C]-labeled nucleotides or [U13C]-algal amino acids isolated from algal biomass. ...
Kim J J - - 1996
The Asn199 residue of the EcoRI restriction endonuclease has been replaced with other amino acids to investigate whether it mediates nucleotide recognition or catalytic activity. Cassette mutagenesis gave variants of EcoRI: N199D, N199H, N199L, N199R, N199S and N199V. Their relative cleavage rates were found to be in the following order: ...
Boulieu R - - 1996
A sample treatment procedure for the determination of thiopurine and ganciclovir nucleotides in human tissues was developed. Owing to the lack of suitable standards for most of the active nucleotide analogues, the procedure was based on two steps: (1) perchloric acid homogenization and deproteinization of the tissue specimen and (2) ...
Kobayashi N - - 1996
The antagonistic phenomena to anticoccidial activities of 6-azauracil (AzU) induced by certain nucleic acid precursors were examined in battery experiments. Each nucleic acid precursor, orotate, orotidine, uracil, uridine, adenine and adenosine was mixed in feed in combination with effective levels of AzU. The test feed was provided through the test ...
Ertem G - - 1996
The concept of an RNA world in the chemical origin of life is appealing, as nucleic acids are capable of both information storage and acting as templates that catalyse the synthesis of complementary molecules. Template-directed synthesis has been demonstrated for homogeneous oligonucleotides that, like natural nucleic acids, have 3',5' linkages ...
Walker P A PA - - 1995
Normal Raman spectroscopy is used as an on-line detector for capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) of adenosine 5'-triphosphate, adenosine 5'-diphosphate, and adenosine 5'-monophosphate in phosphate buffers. Preconcentration is from a 1 x 10(-2) M phosphate buffer (pH 7.5) into a leading electrolyte of 0.1 M KCl or Na2SO4, with a terminating electrolyte ...
Tatti K M - - 1995
The association of a sigma factor (sigma) with RNA polymerase in bacteria determines its specificity of promoter utilization. To identify amino acid residues in sigma E from Bacillus subtilis that determine the specificity of its interaction with the nucleotides at the -10 region of its cognate promoters, we tested whether ...
Berthold H K - - 1995
The absorption and metabolism of dietary nucleic acids have received less attention than those of other organic nutrients, largely because of methodological difficulties. We supplemented the rations of poultry and mice with the edible alga Spirulina platensis, which had been uniformly labeled with 13C by hydroponic culture in 13CO2. The ...
Jellinek H - - 1995
Heart and blood vessel diseases are one of the leading causes of death, so their prevention and therapy are very important. In the present study the effects of magnesium chloride, magnesium orotate and orotic acid were tested. New Zealand rabbits were fed with enriched (2%) cholesterol diet during 112 days; ...
Gould S J - - 1995
Cytosinine--the nucleoside portion of blasticidin S--and pyridoxal phosphate were incubated with cell-free extracts of Streptomyces griseochromogenes prepared in D2O. 2H NMR analysis of recovered cytosinine showed it to contain deuterium enrichments at H-4' and H-2'. No exchange was observed with either boiled extract or from cytosinine and pyridoxal phosphate alone. ...
Pels Rijcken W R - - 1995
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in the presence of a high concentration of the hepatopathogenic agent D-galactosamine (GalN), and the effect on the cellular concentrations of pyrimidine nucleotides and nucleotide sugars was determined. The UTP pool became depleted. The pools of UMP and CMP in RNA decreased to 72%, indicative for ...
Bolling S F - - 1995
During induced ischemia for cardiac surgery, myocardial stunning occurs and aerobic metabolism of glucose, fatty acids, and lactate is altered. Following reperfusion, stunned myocardium uses oxygen and substrate inefficiently, leading to poor functional recovery. However, amino acids may be used as anaplerotic metabolic substrates during and after ischemia, utilizing transamination ...
Morin B - - 1995
5'-Amino-2',5'-dideoxyguanosine has been synthesized in order to investigate the intramolecular reactivity of an amino group toward the guanine radical produced by type I photosensitization mechanism. Benzophenone-mediated photosensitization of 5'-amino-2',5'-dideoxyguanosine in aerated aqueous solution results in the formation of a predominant cyclic nucleoside together with an unstable nucleoside precursor. The two ...
Stevens M F - - 1995
The 2-amino-6-phenylpyrimidin-4(3H)-ones bropirimine (1) and the debrominated analogue (4) undergo electrophilic nitration and sulphonation in the meta-position of the 6-phenyl group in strongly acidic conditions. Subsequent electrophilic substitutions take place in the 5-position of the pyrimidine ring, if vacant. Rearrangement of the 2-nitramino-6-phenyl-pyrimidines (22) and (23) furnishes the 2-amino-6-(3-nitrophenyl)pyrimidines (9) ...
Boulieu R - - 1995
A method for the analysis of thiopurine nucleotides in human transbronchial lung biopsy was developed. The sample treatment procedure is based on perchloric acid homogenisation and deproteinisation with dithiothreitol and hydrolysis of thiopurine nucleotides into their free bases by heating of the acid extract. Then, the free bases were analyzed ...
Erb L - - 1995
Two subtypes of G protein-coupled receptors for nucleotides (P2U and P2Y purinoreceptors) contain several conserved positively charged amino acids in the third, sixth, and seventh putative transmembrane helices (TMHs). Since the fully ionized form of nucleotides has been shown to be an activating ligand for both P2U and P2Y purinoceptors ...
Hobish M K - - 1995
A study of the association of homocodonic amino acids and selected heterocodonic amino acids with selected nucleotides in aqueous solution was undertaken to examine a possible physical basis for the origin of codon assignments. These interactions were studied using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Association constants for the various ...
Vasudevan S - - 1995
Liver samples obtained at autopsy from patients with ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency, a urea cycle disorder that is associated with high levels of orotic acid biosynthesis and excretion were analysed for nucleotide pools. As a control, liver samples from patients with a deficiency of mitochondrial carbamyl phosphate synthetase (CPS-I) which ...
Bouhss A - - 1995
GMP and dGMP labeled with 15N at the 2-amino group of the purine ring was obtained enzymatically from NH4Cl (> 99 at.% 15N) and from IMP or dIMP, respectively, by several reactions involving IMP-dehydrogenase, GMP-synthetase, adenylate kinase, and creatine kinase. The first three enzymes were obtained by overexpression in Escherichia ...
Ekman T - - 1995
The gastric mucosal microcirculation and purine nucleotide metabolism were studied in rats after hemorrhagic shock and retransfusion. The mucosal surface density of perfused vessels (SDPV) and the mucosal levels of ATP, ADP, AMP, IMP, hypoxanthine and uric acid were measured following 15 min of hemorrhagic shock and 10 and 30 ...
Stratford M R - - 1994
A novel rapid method for the analysis of adenine nucleotides in cells and tissues using post-column derivatisation with chloroacetaldehyde (CAA) followed by fluorescence detection is described. The CAA is incorporated in the eluent, but only reacts post-column when the temperature is elevated to 100 degrees C. Samples are chromatographed following ...
Yeh T T - - 1994
Orotic acid accelerates compensatory myocardial hypertrophy after regional ischemia and improves left ventricular function acutely after global ischemia. In this study, the effect of orotic acid on left ventricular function was investigated 4 days after global ischemia (75 minutes, 21 degrees C) using heterotopically transplanted rabbit hearts (n = 18). ...
Taylor D O - - 1994
Mycophenolate mofetil (formerly known as RS-61443) is a morpholinoethyl ester of mycophenolic acid. Mycophenolic acid is a unique immunosuppressive agent because of its mechanism of action. By inhibiting the de novo pathway of purine synthesis, mycophenolic acid suppresses lymphocyte function much more than that of neutrophil, erythrocyte, and other rapidly ...
Koonin E V - - 1994
A unique sequence pattern, designated the GD/GNH signature, was shown to be conserved in a wide variety of phosphoesterases. The enzymes containing this signature cleave phosphoester bonds in such different substrates as (1) phosphoserine and phosphothreonine in polypeptides; (2) bis(5'-nucleosidyl)-tetraphosphates; (3) nucleoside 5' phosphates; (4) 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide phosphates; (5) polynucleotides; ...
Pearson C K - - 1993
NAD is normally regarded as a redox molecule or as the substrate for ADP-ribosylation reactions. In this study, we describe the rapid metabolism of NAD by Percoll-gradient-purified lettuce chloroplasts and show that the adenine moiety can be incorporated into RNA in a dark-activated reaction that senses the redox state of ...
Fitzgerald M C - - 1993
In order to examine the importance of pH in the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) analysis of proteins and oligonucleotides, 37 highly substituted pyrimidine, pyridine, and benzene derivatives containing basic amino groups were screened as potential matrices. Several of these compounds were useful for the preparation and analysis of samples under ...
Müller K - - 1993
The changes in nucleotide content during CBrCl3 treatment were investigated. In the first 5-10 minutes a significant ATP decrease was detected. The GTP loss leading to 57% of the initial level after 10 min surpasses the ATP loss which leads to 70% of the initial value after 10 min. The ...
Micheli V - - 1993
The nucleotide concentrations in acid and alkaline erythrocyte extracts have been measured by RP-HPLC in healthy controls and in patients bearing different inherited disorders, with altered erythrocyte NAD(P) levels. The objective was the simultaneous determination of the nucleotide profile and of the oxidative state of pyridine coenzymes by the most ...
Lee S - - 1993
The in vitro sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to bleomycin, busulfan, camptothecin, CC-1065, cisplatin, daunomycin, distamycin, luzopeptin, mAMSA, mitomycin C, naladixic acid, U71184, VM26, and VP16, or combinations of them was examined. The lethal dose concentration for 50% of parasites for 3 compounds, luzopeptin, CC1065, and U71184, that bind to adenine-thymidine-rich ...
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