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Results 201 - 250 of 685
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Kim Aihong - - 2005
This paper describes a very simple synthesis route of novel acyclic nucleosides and phosphonic acid nucleosides. The condensation of the mesylates 6 and 17 with the natural nucleosidic bases (A, C, U, T) under nucleophilic substitution (K(2)CO(3), 18-Crown-6, DMF) and deprotection afforded the target nucleosides (11, 12, 13, 14) and ...
Lazaro A M - - 2005
Ten novel HLA-DRB1 and one DRB3 alleles are described. Eight of the variants are single-nucleotide substitutions, four resulting in an amino acid change (DRB1*1145, *1148, *0828 and *1514) and four with silent substitutions (DRB1*040504, *130103, *160502 and DRB3*020204). Two alleles differ by two nucleotide changes altering one (DRB1*1447 and *1361) ...
Kilstrup Mogens - - 2005
Most metabolic reactions are connected through either their utilization of nucleotides or their utilization of nucleotides or their regulation by these metabolites. In this review the biosynthetic pathways for pyrimidine and purine metabolism in lactic acid bacteria are described including the interconversion pathways, the formation of deoxyribonucleotides and the salvage ...
Borquez Eduardo - - 2005
The polymerization of concentrated NH4CN solutions has been studied at various temperatures and ammonia concentrations. The products of the oligomerization of ammonium cyanide include adenine and guanine, as well as trace amounts of 2,6-diaminopurine. Our results indicate that the adenine yield is not strongly dependent on temperature. Guanine is produced ...
Styles Darrel K - - 2005
DNA from a novel alphaherpesvirus was amplified from a cloacal papilloma, a cutaneous papilloma, and the normal cloacal mucosa of African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus). Phylogenetically, the virus was most closely related to the psittacid herpesvirus, but demonstrated sufficient nucleotide and amino acid diversity to be considered a new ...
Sakagami Hideki - - 2005
Nucleotide pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases (NPPs) are ubiquitous membrane-associated or secreted ectoenzymes that release nucleoside 5'-monophosphate from a variety of nucleotides and nucleotide derivatives. The mammalian NPP family comprises seven members, but only three of these (NPP1-3) have been studied in some detail. Previously we showed that lysophospholipase D, which hydrolyzes lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) ...
Li Ping - - 2005
[structure: see text] Nucleoside boranophosphates and nucleoside amino acid phosphoramidates have been shown to be potent antiviral and anticancer agents with the potential to act as nucleoside prodrugs. A combination of these two types of compounds results in a boranophosphoramidate linkage between the nucleoside and amino acid. This new class ...
Lin Changxue - - 2005
Nucleoside N-phosphoamino acids were synthesized through Atherton-Todd reaction of nucleoside H-phosphonate with amino acids, and their structures were confirmed by NMR and ESI-MS. After nucleoside N-phosphoamino acid was incubated in anhydrous methanol at 40 degrees C for 72 h, di- to tetra-peptide derivatives were detected by ESI-MS, and their structures ...
Chang Y - - 2005
A novel HLA-B allele, B*3549, was identified in a bone marrow transplantation candidate. B*3549 differs from B*3525 by two nucleotides at exon 2, position 142 (T to G) and 165 (G to C). The difference at position 142 resulted in an amino acid difference (serine to alanine). However, the difference ...
Andreasyan Nune A - - 2005
Adenosine deaminase isoenzyme 2 (ADA2) was isolated from human pleural fluid for the first time. Molecular and kinetic properties were characterized. It was shown that the inhibitors of adenosine deaminase isoenzyme 1 (ADA1), adenosine, and erithro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine (EHNA) derivatives are poor inhibitors of ADA2. Comparison of the interaction of ADA2 and ...
Schmidt André P - - 2005
Acute and chronic administration of the nucleoside guanosine have been shown to prevent quinolinic acid (QA) and alpha-dendrotoxin-induced seizures, as well as to impair memory and anxiety in rats and mice. In this study, we investigated the effect of i.c.v. administration of guanine-based purines (GTP, GDP, GMP, and guanosine) against ...
Froldi Guglielmina - - 2005
Uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) induce biphasic inotropic effects: first a decrease and then an increase in contractile tension were observed in isolated rat myocardial tissues. Inotropic effects were higher in atrial tissue than in ventricular or papillary muscle; thus, experiments were mostly carried out on rat atria. ...
Sharma Seema - - 2004
The acidities of multiple sites in the purine nucleobase adenine (1) and adenine alkyl derivatives 9-ethyladenine (2), 3-methyladenine (3), 1-methyladenine (4), and N,N-dimethyladenine (5) have been investigated for the first time, using computational and experimental methods to provide an understanding of adenine reactivity. We have previously measured two acidic sites ...
Massoud Salah S - - 2004
The first acidity constant of fully protonated xanthosine 5'-monophosphate, that is, of H3(XMP)+, was estimated by means of a micro acidity constant scheme and the following three deprotonations of the H2(XMP)+/- (pKa=0.97), H(XMP)- (5.30), and XMP2- (6.45) species were determined by potentiometric pH titrations; further deprotonation of (XMP-H)3- is possible ...
Magán Rosa - - 2004
There is no effective chemotherapy against diseases caused by Phytomonas sp., a plant trypanosomatid responsible for economic losses in major crops. We tested three triazolo-pyrimidine complexes [two with Pt(II), and another with Ru(III)] against promastigotes of Phytomonas sp. isolated from Euphorbia characias. The incorporation of radiolabelled precursors, ultrastructural alterations and ...
Stevens T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that mercaptopurine metabolism is influenced by drug formulation (mercaptopurine vs. azathioprine) and concomitant use of 5-aminosalicylic acid medications. AIM: To determine the influence of dose, formulation and 5-aminosalicylic acid use on mercaptopurine metabolism. METHODS: Metabolites from 131 inflammatory bowel disease patients were analysed. Logistic regression ...
Simmons Mark P - - 2004
We examined a broad selection of protein-coding loci from a diverse array of clades and genomes to quantify three factors that determine whether nucleotide or amino acid characters should be preferred for phylogenetic inference. First, we quantified the difference in observed character-state space between nucleotides and amino acids. Second, we ...
Golub Rachel - - 2004
Nontemplate (N)-nucleotide addition by the terminal dideoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) at the junctions of rearranging V( D) J gene segments greatly contribute to antigen-receptor diversity. TdT has been identified in several vertebrate species, where it is highly conserved. We report here the isolation of two forms of TdT mRNA in an ...
Drontle Dan P - - 2004
Phosphoramidate pronucleotides have proven to be an effective strategy for the intracellular delivery of nucleoside 5'-monophosphates. This review will summarize our efforts to understand the in vitro and in vivo behavior of phosphoramidate monoesters of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT), 3'-fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (FLT) and 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FUdR). Insights drawn from these studies have proved valuable ...
Soares Félix A - - 2004
Studies on the purinergic system normally deal with adenine-based purines, namely, adenine nucleotides and adenosine. However, a guanine-based purinergic system may also have important neuromodulatory roles. Guanine-based purines exert trophic effects on neural cells, protect brain slices in a model of hypoxia and stimulate glutamate uptake. In vivo, both guanosine ...
Versées Wim - - 2004
General acid catalysis is a powerful and widely used strategy in enzymatic nucleophilic displacement reactions. For example, hydrolysis/phosphorolysis of the N-glycosidic bond in nucleosides and nucleotides commonly involves the protonation of the leaving nucleobase concomitant with nucleophilic attack. However, in the nucleoside hydrolase of the parasite Trypanosoma vivax, crystallographic and ...
Soo Evelyn C - - 2004
A novel method employing CE-ESMS and precursor ion scanning was developed for the selective detection of nucleotide-activated sugars. By using precursor ion scanning for fragment ions specific to the different nucleotide carriers, i.e., ions at m/z 322 for cytidine monophosphate, m/z 323, 385, and 403 for uridine diphosphate, m/z 362, ...
Hasmah M S - - 2004
It has been shown that a chicken anemia virus (CAV) isolates which had undergone 60 passages in MSB-1 cells (SMSC-1/P60, 3-1/P60) acquired 33-66 nucleotide substitutions at the coding region resulting in 13-16 amino acid changes as compared to the CAV isolates passaged only 5 times in MSB-1 cells (SMSC-1 and ...
Hoffman Michael M - - 2004
We have created an Amino Acid-Nucleotide Interaction Database (AANT; http://aant.icmb.utexas. edu/) that categorizes all amino acid-nucleotide interactions from experimentally determined protein-nucleic acid structures, and provides users with a graphic interface for visualizing these interactions in aggregate. AANT accomplishes this by extracting individual amino acid-nucleotide interactions from structures in the Protein ...
Hutter Daniel D Department of Chemistry and Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7200 - - 2003
6-Amino-3-(2'-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-5-nitro-1H-pyridin-2-one (4), a C-glycoside exhibiting the nonstandard pyDDA hydrogen-bonding pattern, was synthesized via Heck coupling. The nitro group greatly enhances the stability of the nucleoside toward acid-catalyzed epimerization without leading to significant deprotonation of the heterocycle at physiological pH. These results make nucleoside 4 a promising candidate for an expanded ...
DeLoney-Marino Cindy R - - 2003
Newly hatched juveniles of the Hawaiian squid Euprymna scolopes rapidly become colonized by the bioluminescent marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri. Motility is required to establish the symbiotic colonization, but the role of chemotaxis is unknown. In this study we analyzed chemotaxis of V. fischeri to a number of potential attractants. The ...
Darke C - - 2003
Two new alleles, HLA-B*4414 and B*5708, were identified in north-western European Caucasoid blood donors. B*4414 differed from B*440201 by two nucleotide substitutions in exon 3 [positions 66 (T to C) and 69 (G to A)] producing two amino acid differences between the B*440201 and B*4414 specificities (tyrosine to histidine at ...
Kim Sun Tae - - 2003
We have isolated and characterized a rice isoflavone reductase-like gene, OsIRL, whose expression is induced by a fungal elicitor. The OsIRL cDNA contains 1203 bp with an open reading frame of 942 nucleotides encoding 314 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of OsIRL has a putative pyridine nucleotide binding ...
Hong J J - - 2004
The nucleotide sequences of genome segments S6, S7 and S10 of Dendrolimus punctatus cypovirus 1 Hunan I (DpCPV-HN(I)) and DpCPV-HN(I)-Se(3) (DpCPV-HN(I) passed three times in Spodoptera exigua) were determined. Segment S10 was 944 nucleotides in length and encoded a polyhedrin of 248 amino acids (28,439 Da). Only two nucleotide mutations ...
Singer Gregory A C - - 2003
A number of recent studies have shown that thermophilic prokaryotes have distinguishable patterns of both synonymous codon usage and amino acid composition, indicating the action of natural selection related to thermophily. On the other hand, several other studies of whole genomes have illustrated that nucleotide bias can have dramatic effects ...
Freeland Stephen J - - 2003
Since discovering the pattern by which amino acids are assigned to codons within the standard genetic code, investigators have explored the idea that natural selection placed biochemically similar amino acids near to one another in coding space so as to minimize the impact of mutations and/or mistranslations. The analytical evidence ...
Kierzek Elzbieta - - 2003
The N6-alkyladenosines and 2-methylthio-N6-alkyladenosines are the most common modified adenosine nucleosides and transfer ribonucleic acids (tRNA) are particularly rich in these modified nucleosides. They are present at position 37 of the anticodon arm and the contribution of these hypermodified nucleosides to codon-anticodon interactions, as well as translation, are significant, although ...
Kierzek Elzbieta - - 2003
The N6-alkyladenosines and 2-methylthio-N6-alkyladenosines make up over half of the population of all naturally modified adenosines and they are present in the transfer ribonucleic acids (tRNA) at position 37. We measured effects of N6-alkyladenosines and 2-methylthio-N6-alkyladenosines on the thermodynamic stability of RNA duplexes containing a U-A(Mod) base pair at internal ...
Baumeister Anja - - 2003
The development of an expanded bed process for the concentration and purification of orotic acid directly from whey is described. Different commercially available adsorbents were tested in series of pilot batch adsorption experiments to determine the most suitable separation system. Best results were achieved using a weak anion-exchange matrix. An ...
Biro J C - - 2003
A periodic table of codons has been designed where the codons are in regular locations. The table has four fields (16 places in each) one with each of the four nucleotides (A, U, G, C) in the central codon position. Thus, AAA (lysine), UUU (phenylalanine), GGG (glycine), and CCC (proline) ...
Ingar Abdul-Aziz - - 2003
Although various syntheses of the nucleic acid bases exist and ribose is a product of the formose reaction, no prebiotically plausible methods for attaching pyrimidine bases to ribose to give nucleosides have been described. Kinetic and thermodynamic factors are thought to mitigate against such condensation reactions in aqueous solution. This ...
Feng Yan - - 2003
A phenotypic screen was used to search for drug-like molecules that can interfere with specific steps in membrane traffic. 2-(4-Fluorobenzoylamino)-benzoic acid methyl ester (Exo1), identified in this screen, induces a rapid collapse of the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum, thus acutely inhibiting the traffic emanating from the endoplasmic reticulum. Like ...
Voorter C E M - - 2003
The characterization of three novel DRB1 alleles is described, DRB1*0107, DRB1*0425 and DRB1*13012 as well as confirmation of DRB4*01033. Two alleles, DRB1*0107 and *0425, showed amino acid differences with previously identified HLA molecules. In DRB1*0107, the glutamine at position 10 was substituted by a glutamic acid. DRB1*0425 showed one amino ...
Fu Hua - - 2003
Amino acid-nucleotide conjugates have important biological functions and therapeutic applications. For example, aminoacyl adenylates are key intermediates in aminoacyl tRNA synthetase reactions. They may also be involved in the prebiotic synthesis of polypeptides. Finally, various amino acid carbomethoxy aryl phosphoramidates of nucleotide prodrugs may be activated through a mechanism involving ...
Martinussen Jan - - 2003
A method for measuring internal nucleoside triphosphate pools of lactococci was optimized and validated. This method is based on extraction of (33)P-labeled nucleotides with formic acid and evaluation by two-dimensional chromatography with a phosphate buffer system for the first dimension and with an H(3)BO(3)-LiOH buffer for separation in the second ...
Kimmel Jürgen J Institut für Virologie, Zentrum für Hygiene und Med. Mikrobiologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 35037 Marburg, - - 2003
Glycosylphosphatidyl-inositols (GPIs) are vital major glycoconjugates in intraerythrocytic stages of Plasmodium. Here, we report on the biosynthesis and the characterization of GPIs synthesized by the murine malarial parasite P. yoelii yoelii YM. Parasitized erythrocytes were labeled in vivo and in vitro with either radioactive nucleotide sugar precursors, ethanolamine or glucosamine. ...
Freel Meyers Caren L - - 2003
[reaction: see text] A novel method for the immobilization of nucleotides has been developed. The strategy employs a highly reactive pyrrolidinium phosphoramidate zwitterion intermediate that undergoes nucleophilic attack by long-chain alkylamine-controlled pore glass (LCAA-CPG) to generate an immobilized nucleotide. Quantification of nucleotide loading was accomplished by acidic hydrolysis of the ...
Huang Ying - - 2003
The gastrointestinal tract is the largest surface area of the body and the primary site for microorganisms, foreign antigens and toxins to gain entry to the host's internal milieu. The use of enteral feedings enriched with immune-enhancing ingredients is attracting considerable interest because there is increasing application of enteral feeding ...
Miyashita Takanori - - 2003
L-Enantio-uracil dinucleotide, which consists of two L-uridylic acids and one pyrophosphate, was synthesized for the first time in our laboratory. Benzolyated L-uridine was prepared by a steroselective glycosylation of silylated uracil with L-1-acetoxy-2,3,5-tri-O-benzoylribose (L-ABR). After deprotection, L-uridine was converted to L-UP4U by the treatment of L-UMP morpholidate with triethyammonium pyrophosphate ...
Borza Tudor - - 2003
Vertebrates have acidic and basic isozymes of adenylosuccinate synthetase, which participate in the first committed step of de novo AMP biosynthesis and/or the purine nucleotide cycle. These isozymes differ in their kinetic properties and N-leader sequences, and their regulation may vary with tissue type. Recombinant acidic and basic synthetases from ...
Lombardi A - - 2002
The effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on mitochondrial efficiency could be related to an increase in the concentrations of some proteins, such as uncoupling proteins (UCPs). Free fatty acids (FFA) seem to be a cofactor essential for the uncoupling activity of UCP3. In this paper, we report that the hypothyroidism-hyperthyroidism transition ...
Voorter C E M - - 2002
A new HLA-A*02 allele, A*0249, and the confirmatory sequence of A*2615 are here reported. Both alleles were detected by irregular patterns during routine molecular typing. A*0249 showed two mismatches with A*02011 in exon 3 at positions 538 and 539, changing amino acid 156 from leucine to arginine. Remarkable was a ...
Pourazrang H - - 2002
In this study 24 samples of sausage with different amounts of nitrite, l-ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol were prepared in order to determine the inhibitory effects of l-ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol as reductants against formation of mutagenic N-nitroso compounds that form in cured meat products. These mutagenic N-nitroso compounds were extracted ...
Phan Anh Tuân - - 2002
Based on different characteristics between unlabeled and fully 15N,13C-labeled nucleotides, we develop a method for unambiguous resonance assignments in nucleic acids following site-specific fully 15N,13C isotope incorporation at very low levels. The J-couplings between heteronuclei provide for distinction between the NMR signals of the fully labeled nucleotides and those of ...
Randhawa Gursham S - - 2002
Rhizobia require the availability of 20 amino acids for the establishment of effective symbiosis with legumes. Some of these amino acids are synthesized by rhizobium, whereas the remaining are supplied by the host plant. The supply from plant appears to be plant-type specific. Alfalfa provides arginine, cysteine, isoleucine, valine and ...
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