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Steinhauser Henrique Caballero HC Imperatriz School of Dentistry, Imperatriz, MA, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of feldspathic ceramic surface cleaning on micro-shear bond strength and ceramic surface morphology. Material and Methods: Forty discs of feldspathic ceramic were prepared and etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 2 minutes. The discs were randomly distributed into five ...
Tseng Huang-Chung HC Laboratory of Antrodia Certification Center, Joben Bio-medical Co, Ltd. , Pingtung , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract The antimicrobial activities of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour. Fen ke) seed extracts were investigated using a disc diffusion method and also determining the minimal inhibitory concentration. The DL-P01-SI01 fraction showed that the strongest activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus at MIC 64 μg/mL, which was found to be ...
Ishii S - - 2013
Previous studies on the association between uric acid and bone mineral density yielded conflicting results. In this study, we demonstrated positive association between uric acid and lumbar spine bone mineral density in peri- and postmenopausal Japanese women. Further research is needed to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Oxidative stress has been ...
Phaopongthai Jatuporn J Center of Bioactive Natural Products from Marine Organisms and Endophytic Fungi (BNPME), Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, - - 2013
In this study, a tropical endophytic fungus, Alternaria alternata Tche-153 was isolated from a Thai medicinal plant Terminalia chebula Rezt. The ethyl acetate extract prepared from the fermentation broth exhibited significant ketoconazole-synergistic activity against Candida albicans. Bioassay-directed fractionation of the ethyl acetate extract led to the isolation of altenusin (1), ...
Selvaraju Suresh B SB University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2013
In this study, we evaluated FOCUS diagnostic's Flu A/B & RSV direct kit (Direct Disc assay), designed to detect influenza (FLU) and respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV) directly in clinical specimens without nucleic acid extraction. This novel 'sample-to-answer', nucleic acid extraction-independent assay uses a unique disc to process, amplify, and detect ...
Nawata Kiyoko - - 2013
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 fatty acids) have been shown to have a beneficial effect on bone in animal studies, although little is known about their role in bone metabolism in humans. We investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and daily n-3 fatty acid intake. This cross-sectional, community-based, ...
Liang Qiang - - 2013
Ray florets (Rf) and disc florets (Df) are agricultural by-products of sunflower seeds. Their nutrition related compounds were determined. The dietary fiber content in Rf and Df were 42.90 mg/100 g and 58.97 mg/100 g. In both florets, palmitic, linoleic and linolenic acids were identified as the three most abundant ...
Chen Yu-Chun - - 2012
Encapsulation of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells within in situ forming hydrogels is a novel biological treatment for early stage intervertebral disc degeneration. The procedure aims to prolong the life of the degenerating discs and to regenerate damaged tissue. In this study, we developed an injectable oxidized hyaluronic acid-gelatin-adipic acid dihydrazide ...
Weiqi Wei - - 2012
Combination of liquid hot water pretreatment (LHWP) and wet disk milling (WDM) was investigated in this study to enhance the sugar recovery yield both in prehydrolyzate and enzymatic hydrolyzate. The results show that WDM with LHWP at 180°C for 20min produced maximum xylose and glucose yields of 91.62% and 88.12%, ...
Tang Mingguo - - 2012
• Metabolic control analysis allows the study of metabolic regulation. We applied both single- and double-manipulation top-down control analysis to examine the control of lipid accumulation in developing oilseed rape (Brassica napus) embryos. • The biosynthetic pathway was conceptually divided into two blocks of reactions (fatty acid biosynthesis (Block A), ...
Stanton Gretchen R - - 2012
A general diastereoselective method for the addition of dialkylzincs and (E)-di- and (E)-trisubstituted vinylzinc reagents to β-silyloxy aldehydes is presented. This method employs alkyl zinc triflate and nonaflate Lewis acids and affords chelation-controlled products (6:1 to > 20:1 dr).
Guler Ahmet Umut - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effects of different acids and etching times on the bond strength of glass fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) posts to composite core material. Method and Materials: Twenty-six FRC posts (FRC Postec Plus) were randomly divided into 13 groups (each n = 2). One group received no surface treatment ...
Sun P - - 2012
Melamine might be degraded into cyanuric acid and some other analogs by the rumen microorganism. Thus, the metabolism of melamine in ruminants may be different from that in monogastric animals. The objective of this study was to investigate the pathway for the elimination of melamine in lactating dairy cows. Four ...
Sales-Peres Sílvia Helena de Carvalho - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the effect of an experimental gel containing Euclea natalensis extract on dentin permeability. Methods. Thirty-six dentin discs, 1-mm-thick. The discs were prepared from the coronal dentin of extracted human third molars that were divided into 3 groups (n = 10). The dentin discs in each group were ...
Kanbara A - - 2011
A potential utilization of dietary intervention for reducing hyperuricemia was tested by managing food materials. Within the framework of the Japanese Government's health promotion program, we made recipes that consisted of more protein-rich and less vegetable/fruit-rich materials for the acidic diet and others composed of less protein-rich and more vegetable/fruit-rich ...
Ortiz-Alvarado Omar - - 2012
To investigate the use of fish oil in the dietary management of hypercalciuric stone formers. Prostaglandins have been linked to urinary calcium excretion, suggesting a role for omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of hypercalciuric urolithiasis. We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients treated at our stone clinics from July ...
Maalouf Naim M - - 2011
Dietary intake of animal proteins is associated with an increase in urinary calcium and nephrolithiasis risk. We tested the hypothesis that the acid load imposed by dietary proteins causes this hypercalciuria. In a short-term crossover metabolic study, an alkali salt was provided with a high-protein diet (HPD) to neutralize the ...
Fabbro Christelle - - 2011
With the general tendency that's to say the grouping of laboratories as technical divisions and the accreditation's obligation, the handling of urinary sample preservation's conditions is a major concern. Urinary sample preservation, with or without boric acid, for UF 1000i urinalysis was the purpose of this study. No significant modification was ...
Rowlands M - - 2011
Objective: To identify the optimal method of submission of canine and feline urine for bacterial culture. Methods: Cystocentesis samples from 250 animals (200 dogs, 50 cats) suspected of having urinary tract infections were collected. The reference aliquot, without preservative, was processed on site within 2 hours. Two further aliquots (one ...
Wei Binnian - - 2012
Pyrethroid insecticides have been used for disinsection of commercial aircrafts. However, little is known about the pyrethroids exposure of flight attendants. The objective of the study was to assess pyrethroids exposure of flight attendants working on commercial aircrafts through monitoring the urinary pyrethroids metabolite levels. Eighty four urine samples were ...
Feres Marcia C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Evaluate the level of interference of biochemists dosages in the 24-hour urine using or not the 6mol/l HCl acid in different concentrations and conditions and its implications in the most demanded analytes in clinical laboratory. METHODS: Twenty-two volunteers collected three 24-hour urine in 3 conditions: with 5ml/l and 20ml/l ...
Stalmach Angelique - - 2011
Analysis of Concord grape juice by HPLC with ESI-MSn, PDA and fluorescence detection resulted in the identification and quantification of 60 flavonoids and related phenolic compounds which were present at an overall concentration of 1508 ± 31 µmol/L. A total of 25 anthocyanins were detected, which were mono- and di-O-glucosides, ...
Song Lijuan - - 2011
A fast, simple and cost-effective one-pot labeling strategy coupled with capillary zone electrophoresis was developed for the complete separation of amino acid mixture. The strategy includes two steps of reactions: Cyanuric chloride was made to react first with 7-amino-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid monopotassium salt at 0°C for 10min, and then with amino ...
Seki Yoshitaka - - 2011
Background:  Large amounts of unusual bile acids are synthesized by the fetal liver in late gestation. These compounds mostly are transferred from fetus to mother, though some are excreted into the amniotic fluid. We investigated the role of placental transfer of bile acids in fetal bile acid metabolism, particularly with ...
Seclén Eduardo - - 2011
The agreement between the position-specific scoring matrix (PSSM) and geno2pheno as tools for genotypic interpretation of HIV-1 tropism using 800 clinical specimens was assessed. There was an overall concordance of 88%. Disagreement was found mostly in specimens with short V3 lengths (<35 amino acids). Thus, consideration of V3 lengths should ...
Ballesta-Claver J - - 2011
A new electrochemiluminescent (ECL) disposable biosensor for uric acid was manufactured by immobilization in a double-layer design of luminol as a copolymer with 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and the enzyme uricase in chitosan on gold screen-printed cells. The good mechanical and improved electroluminescent characteristics of the new copolymer poly(luminol-TMB) make it possible ...
Garlantézec Ronan - - 2011
Objectives To describe urine levels of metabolites of glycol ethers and chlorinated solvents in a sample of pregnant women from the general population, to study their occupational and non-occupational determinants and to compare them with the results of indirect assessment methods of solvent exposure. Methods A sample of 451 pregnant ...
Kuralay Filiz - - 2011
The development of rapid, low-cost and reliable diagnostic methods is crucial for the identification and treatment of many diseases. Screen-printed gold electrodes (Au/SPEs), coated with a ternary monolayer interface, involving hexanedithiol (HDT), a specific thiolated capture probe (SHCP), and 6-mercapto-1 hexanol (MCH) (SHCP/HDT/MCH) are shown here to offer direct and ...
Cardador M J - - 2011
For the first time, the exposure of swimmers and workers to haloacetic acids (HAAs) in indoor and outdoor pools was evaluated through the analysis of urine samples. The subjects of this study, 49 volunteers, were male and female workers as well as swimmers (adults and children) who regularly attended an ...
Kurajoh M - - 2011
Objective: Although allopurinol is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, its overall effect may be due to the action of oxypurinol, a metabolite of allopurinol and another xanthine oxidase inhibitor, since the biological half-life of oxypurinol is longer than that of allopurinol. Oxypurinol shares a renal transport pathway with uric acid and ...
Turssi Cecilia P - - 2011
To assess whether pastes containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSP) protect acid softened enamel against further erosive episodes. Enamel slabs of bovine teeth with preformed erosion-like lesions were randomly assigned to five treatment groups (n = 15): A) CPP-ACP (MI Paste, GC America); B) CPP-ACP+Fluoride ...
Gonzalez-Barrio Rocio - - 2011
Red raspberries contain principally anthocyanins and ellagitannins. Following ingestion of raspberries by humans trace levels of anthocyanins, absorbed in the upper gastrointestinal tract, are excreted in urine in amounts corresponding to <0.1% of intake. Urine also contains urolithin-O-glucuronides derived from colonic metabolism of the ellagitannins. Raspberry feeds with ileostomists show ...
Hari Kumar K V S - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for uric acid nephrolithiasis, and obesity augments this risk. We carried out this cross-sectional study on 25 patients of T2DM to assess the risk factors for uric acid nephrolithiasis and to assess their relation with components of the metabolic syndrome. ...
Matteucci M - - 2011
The olive tree lacks dormancy and is low temperature sensitive, with differences in cold tolerance and oil quality among genotypes. The oil is produced in the drupe, and the unsaturated fatty acids contribute to its quality. The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship among development, cold ...
Creanor Stephen - - 2011
AIM: This in vitro study aimed to compare erosion-like mineral loss following intermittent or continuous acidic exposures, and considered the role that human saliva may play. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 180 bovine enamel blocks were divided randomly into four equally-sized groups and exposed to one of the 4 protocols 6 times ...
Bartelt Alexander - - 2011
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) burns fatty acids for heat production to defend the body against cold and has recently been shown to be present in humans. Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) transport lipids in the bloodstream, where the fatty acid moieties are liberated by the action of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Peripheral organs ...
Sendag S - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify values for net acid base excretion (NABE) which are significant indicators of the acid-base equilibrium in pregnant and young ewes and to show its relationship with other parameters (base, acid, ammonium [NH4], base-acid quotient, sodium [Na], potassium [K], calcium [Ca]) in ...
Uchida Eriko - - 2011
It has been suggested that some food components, such as bioflavonoids, affect the bioavailability of ascorbic acid in humans. Since little is known in Japan about the effective intake of this dietary requirement, we tested young Japanese males after the ingestion of commercial ascorbic acid or acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) ...
Parvin Mahmoud - - 2011
To evaluate different urinary factors contributing to idiopathic calcium stone disease for determining appropriate medical treatments. Two 24-hour urine samples were collected from 106 male recurrent idiopathic calcium stone formers and another 109 randomly selected men as the control group matching for age. Cases had significantly higher mean urine oxalate, ...
Taoka Yousuke - - 2011
To examine the effect of cold shock treatment on the fatty acid composition of Aurantiochytrium limacinum strain mh0186, a marine thraustochytrid, we cultivated this strain at 28°C for 72 h with shaking and stored the obtained biomass at 10°C for 72 h. A growth experiment was carried out for comparison, ...
Xue Liming - - 2011
A metabonomics method using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)HNMR) was applied to obtain a systematic view of the development and progression of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Using partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), 26 and 34 characteristic resonances were found respectively in urine and plasma of ovariectomized rats (Variable importance, VIP ...
Popescu Maria-Cristina - - 2010
Cold plasma treatment is used to modify the cellulosic fibers for a variety of applications. The grafting of softwood unbleached (UBP) and bleached (BP) kraft pulp fibers has been performed under the action of cold plasma discharges, using different kinds of fatty acids. The grafted samples are characterized by FTIR ...
Oliveira Ricardo Pinheiro De Souza - - 2010
Lactulose can be considered as a prebiotic, which is able to stimulate healthy intestinal microflora. In the present work, the use of this ingredient in fermented milk improved quality of skim milk fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Bifidobacterium lactis in co-culture with Streptococcus thermophilus. Compared to ...
Hussain Abdullah Ijaz - - 2010
The aim of this work was to investigate and compare the antiproliferative, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil, native to Pakistan. The essential oil content from the leaves of R. officinalis was 0.93 g 100g(-1). The GC and GC-MS analysis revealed that the major components determined in ...
Prosser Anthony R - - 2010
A chemo- and diastereoselective protocol for the formal nucleophilic substitution of 2-bromocyclopropylcarboxamides with secondary amides is described. This method allows for convergent and highly selective synthesis of trans-β-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid derivatives.
Panarese Joseph D JD Department of Chemistry, The University of Vermont, 82 University Place, Burlington, Vermont 05405, - - 2010
2-Iodoxybenzoic acid is a convenient reagent for the dehydrogenation of tetrahydro-β-carbolines to their aromatic forms under mild conditions. The utility of the method was demonstrated in a total synthesis of the marine indole alkaloid eudistomin U.
Song Wei - - 2010
The goal of this study was to explore a new strategy to reduce the digestibility of normal corn starch (NCS). NCS was treated using 1.0% hydrogen chloride at 55 degrees C. After neutralization and desalting, starches were adjusted to 35% moisture content and subjected to autoclaving. Thereafter, starches were subjected ...
Kolenová Katarína - - 2010
α-Glucuronidases of glycoside hydrolase family 115 of the xylose-fermenting yeast Pichia stipitis and wood-destroying fungus Schizophyllum commune liberate 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid residues from aldouronic acids and glucuronoxylan. The specific activities of both enzymes depended on polymerization degree of the acidic xylooligosaccharides and were inhibited by linear β-1,4-xylooligosaccharides. These results suggest interaction ...
Mudgal Prashant - - 2011
The roles of sulfhydryl/disulfide interactions and acid/pepsin hydrolysis on β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) thermal aggregation at acidic pH 3.35 and 2 were studied using rheology, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Western blotting. Pepsin promoted additional hydrolysis compared to the acid-hydrolyzed control sample based on a 12% ...
Stanic Dragana - - 2010
Crosslinking enzymes are frequently used in bioprocessing of dairy products. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of enzymatic crosslinking on IgE binding, allergenicity and digestion stability of beta-casein (CN). beta-CN was crosslinked by transglutaminase, tyrosinase, mushroom tyrosinase/caffeic acid and laccase/caffeic acid. The IgE binding to beta-CN ...
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