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Results 401 - 450 of 1703
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Suzuki Atsushi - - 2004
Beta,beta-difluorinated amino acid derivatives were synthesized via Mg(0)-promoted defluorination of alpha-trifluoromethyl iminoester. Bromination of the difluoroenamine afforded the bromodifluoromethyl iminoester in good yield. Pd-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of the bromodifluoromethyl iminoester and the subsequent transformations provided optically active beta,beta-difluoroglutamic acid and beta,beta-difluoroproline derivatives.
Luppi Gianluigi - - 2004
A total synthesis in solution and a conformational analysis of the homo-oligomers of (4R)-(2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-4-yl)-acetic acid (D-Oxac) to the tetramer level are described. As the D-Oxac building block contains both an oxazolidin-2-one and a beta-amino acid group, it may represent a new type of conformationally constrained tool for the construction of ...
Groger Harald - - 2004
The first aminoacylase-catalyzed enantioselective synthesis of aromatic beta-amino acids is reported. The presence of an N-chloroacetyl group as acyl group in the substrate as well as the use of porcine kidney acylase I as a suitable enzyme component are prerequisites for this resolution process whereby optically active beta-amino acids are ...
Huang Gang-Liang - - 2004
We describe a approach for the synthesis of a mixture of 3,4-epoxybutyl (1-->3)-beta-D-oligoglucosides. The particular (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan isolated from the cell walls of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was recovered from the aqueous medium as water-insoluble particles by the spray drying (GS) method, and it was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. The acid-solubilized (1-->3)-beta-D-oligoglucosides were ...
Smiataczowa Kazimiera - - 2004
N-(m-Nitrophenyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine (Gln), N-(N-methylphenyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosylamine (Glm), N-beta-D-glucopyranosylpyrazole (Glp), and N-beta-D-glucopyranosylimidazole (Gli) have been synthesized. Their basicity constants, pKb, determined in methanol were, respectively, 14.99, 14.36, 15.04, and 9.74. The derivatives of secondary amines (Glm, Glp, and Gli) did not mutarotate in methanol in the presence of 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid and hydrochloric acid. The ...
Afiyatullov Shamil Sh - - 2004
Four new diterpene glycosides, virescenosides R (1), S (2), T (3), and U (4), have been isolated from a marine strain of Acremonium striatisporum KMM 4401 associated with the holothurian Eupentacta fraudatrix. Their structures have been elucidated on the basis of HRFABMS, 1D and 2D NMR (1H, 13C, DEPT, COSY-45, ...
Hammond Milton L - - 2004
Ertapenem, a Group 1 carbapenem, is the most recent beta-lactam antibiotic to enter clinical practice in the USA and Europe. While structurally a carbapenem, the overall molecular structure of ertapenem has been modified to focus its antibacterial spectrum on important community-acquired aerobic and anaerobic pathogens, and to increase its plasma ...
Aoki Kazuhiro - - 2004
We found for the first time that Zygomycetes species showed resistance to Aureobasidin A, an antifungal agent. A novel family of neutral glycosphingolipids (GSLs) was found in these fungi and isolated from Mucor hiemalis, which is a typical Zygomycetes species. Their structures were completely determined by compositional sugar, fatty acid, ...
Herraiz Tomas - - 2004
The identification and occurrence of tetrahydro-beta-carbolines were studied in different kinds of commercial sausages including cooked, fresh, dry-fermented, and ripened sausages, such as salamis and Spanish chorizo, salchichon, fuet, and morcilla, both smoked and unsmoked. Four compounds were identified in several sausages by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS): 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid ...
Pérez G R M - - 2004
The antioxidant and antiradical activities of 5,7,3'-trihydroxy-3,6,4'-trimethoxyflavone or centaureidin isolated and characterized from Brickellia veronicaefolia were elucidated by heat-induced oxidation in a beta-carotene and linoleic acid system and by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl decoloration test. The centaureidin (32.1%) exhibited antioxidative activity less than that of BHT (95.5%) and alpha-tocopherol (95.9%) on oxidation ...
Fukui Kensuke - - 2004
beta-Conglycinin decreased blood triacylglycerol (TAG) levels in male Wistar adult rats. Liver mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase activity in the beta-conglycinin-fed group significantly increased as against the casein-fed group. Hepatic fatty acid synthase activity in the beta-conglycinin group significantly decreased as against that of the casein-fed group. Fecal fatty acid excretion in ...
Fukahori Takanori - - 2004
Ultrasonic absorption coefficients in the frequency range of 0.8-95 MHz were measured in aqueous solutions of L-methionine or L-norleucine (guest) in the presence and absence of beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD, host) at 25 degrees C. A single relaxational absorption was observed only in the solutions containing the guest and host. The ultrasonic ...
Hayashi Masayuki - - 2004
The activity of exoglycosidases in extracts from freshly ejaculated boar and bull spermatozoa with 0.2% Brij-35/2% acetic acid was measured. The results show that beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase, beta-galactosidase and alpha-mannosidase are the major glycosidases; much higher levels of activity were found in boar spermatozoa than in bull spermatozoa. When compared on a ...
Yasui Tadashi - - 2004
The localization and chemical nature of complex carbohydrates in the ceruminous glands of the Japanese miniature (Shiba) goat were studied using light and electron microscopic histochemical methods, particularly lectin histochemistry. The epithelial cells and luminal secretion of the caprine ceruminous glands contained large amounts of neutral and smaller amounts of ...
Roff Geoffrey J - - 2004
A series of diastereoisomers of beta-methyl-beta-phenylalanine analogues 1a-f have been prepared in enantiomerically pure form using a combination of chemo- and biocatalysis. Starting from l-threonine methyl ester 2, a range of beta,beta-disubstituted didehydroamino acids were obtained as their (Z)-isomers 6a-f. Asymmetric hydrogenation of these alkenes, using either the [Rh(R,R)-Et-DuPhos(COD)]BF4 or ...
Reddy B Gopal - - 2004
A novel reagent system comprising Me(3)SiN(3) and 20 mol % of Me(3)SiONO(2) permits conversion of glycals to 1-azido 2-deoxy sugars in one step in fair to good yields. Galactals offer higher stereoselectivities than do the glucals. Reduction of the azide group with Ph(3)P-H(2)O to amino functionality followed by coupling with ...
Hillenbrand Marita - - 2004
Two new depsides as well as the known p-hydroxybenzoic acid and its methyl ester, protocatechuic acid, 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-ethanol and the flavonoids kaempferol, quercetin, luteolin and hypolaetin and the glycosides 3- O-beta- D-glucopyranosylquercetin (isoquercitrine), 3- O-beta- D-glucopyranosylkaempferol (astragaline), 3- O-beta- D-galactopyranosylquercetin (hyperoside) were isolated from the methanol extract of the petals ...
Calò Lorenzo A - - 2004
Aldosterone excess can produce heart and kidney fibrosis, which seem to be related to a direct effect of aldosterone at the level of specific receptors. We report a direct, mineralocorticoid-mediated effect on the protein expression of two markers of oxidative stress after incubation of mononuclear leukocytes with 1 x 10(-8) ...
Yun Hyungdon - - 2004
Alcaligenes denitrificans Y2k-2 was obtained by selective enrichment followed by screening from soil samples, which showed omega-amino acid:pyruvate transaminase activity, to kinetically resolve aliphatic beta-amino acid, and the corresponding structural gene (aptA) was cloned. The gene was functionally expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 by using an isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG)-inducible pET expression ...
Takara Kohji - - 2004
In 1983, carvedilol [1-[carbazolyl-(4)-oxy]-3-[(2-methoxyphenoxyethyl)amino]-2-propanol] was designed and developed as a beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with vasodilating activity for efficacious and safe treatment of hypertension and coronary artery disease. Carvedilol belongs to the 'third generation' of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists and shows selectivity for the beta1- rather than beta2-adrenoceptor. Carvedilol is also an alpha1-blocking agents, ...
Penning Thomas D - - 2004
We describe a series of conformationally-restricted cinnamic acid peptidomimetics as well as several cinnamic acid isosteres, including 3-phenylpropionic acids, 2-amino-3-phenylpropionic acids, phenoxyacetic acids and 2-phenylcyclopropylcarboxylic acids. Several analogues demonstrated low to sub-nanomolar potencies against alpha(v)beta(3) and greater than 200-fold selectivity against the other beta(3) integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). In whole 293 cells, ...
Hiraishi Tomohiro - - 2004
The enzymatic hydrolysis of alpha- and beta-oligo(L-aspartic acid)s by PAA hydrolase-1 and PAA hydrolase-2 (purified from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1) was performed to elucidate the mechanism of the microbial degradation by Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 of the thermally synthesized alpha,beta-poly(D,L-aspartic acid) (tPAA). GPC analysis of the hydrolyzed products of alpha- and beta-tetra(L-aspartic ...
Field F Jeffrey - - 2004
To examine whether intestinal ABCA1 was responsible for the differences observed between cholesterol and beta-sitosterol absorption, ABCA1-facilitated beta-sitosterol efflux was investigated in CaCo-2 cells following liver X receptor/retinoid X receptor (LXR/RXR) activation. Both the LXR agonist T0901317 and the natural RXR/LXR agonists 22-hydroxycholesterol and 9-cis retinoic acid enhanced the basolateral ...
Chatterjee Madhumita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize some new alpha-mercapto-beta-substituted aryl acrylic acids, characterize them and investigate their in vitro cadmium chelating ability. METHODS: Six alpha-mercapto-beta-substituted aryl acrylic acids were prepared by the alkaline hydrolysis of 5- (aryl methylene) rhodanines, obtained from the condensation of substituted aldehydes and rhodanine following the reported procedure. The ...
Llinas Antonio - - 2004
The rate of aminolysis of benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine by hydroxylamine, unlike other amines, shows only a first order dependence on amine concentration. The rate enhancement compared with that predicted from a Bronsted plot for other primary amines with benzylpenicillin is greater than 10(6). This is much more than an alpha-effect ...
Wang Lian-Hui - - 2004
Extracellular signals are the key components of microbial cell-cell communication systems. This report identified a diffusible signal factor (DSF), which regulates virulence in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, as cis-11-methyl-2-dodecenoic acid, an alpha,beta unsaturated fatty acid. Analysis of DSF derivatives established the double bond at the alpha,beta positions as the most ...
Zhao Ming - - 2004
From the metabolism of H-Ala-Arg-Pro-Ala-Lys-OH, four metabolites, H-Pro-Ala-Lys-OH, H-Arg-Pro-Ala-Lys-OH, H-Ala-Arg-Pro-OH, and H-Ala-Arg-Pro-Ala-OH were identified. In order to find a new lead compound of thrombolytic peptide, 3S-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline-3-carboxylic acid was introduced to the N- and C-terminal of the metabolites by use of the common coupling strategy. Under this condition, the pseudopeptides (5a-d ...
Liu Chun - - 2004
Previously, we found that exposing ferrets to cigarette smoke enhanced oxidative excentric cleavage of beta-carotene. In the present study, we examined whether alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, or the two combined can prevent smoke-altered beta-carotene metabolism. In vitro incubation of beta-carotene (10 micro mol/L) with lung postnuclear fractions from ferrets exposed to ...
Vvedenskaya Irina O - - 2004
Flavonoids were extracted from cranberry powder with acetone and ethyl acetate and subsequently fractionated with Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. The fraction eluted with a 60% methanol solution was composed primarily of phenolic constituents with maximum absorbance at 340 nm. A high-performance liquid chromatography procedure was developed, which resolved 22 distinct ...
Park Dae-Won - - 2004
The enzymatic esterifications of beta-methylglucoside with acrylic acid/methacrylic acid were carried out using Novozym 435. t-Butanol indicating the highest conversion value was determined as an optimal solvent. The molar ratio (beta-methylglucoside:acids) of 1:15 was most favorable to the esterification. The enzyme concentration of 5% (w/v), and the temperature (50 degrees ...
Kildahl-Andersen Geir - - 2004
It has been suggested that astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione) in the carotenoprotein alpha-crustacyanin occurs in the diprotonated form. As a model system for protonated astaxanthin in [small alpha]-crustacyanin the reactions of canthaxanthin ([small beta],[small beta]-carotene-4,4[prime or minute]-dione) with Bronsted acids (CF(3)COOH and CF(3)SO(3)H) and the Lewis acid BF(3)-etherate have been investigated. Structures ...
Mathe Carole - - 2004
A simple gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method has been developed for the characterization of frankincense in archaeological samples. After trimethylsilylation of the methanolic extract, 15 triterpenoids have been found among the chemical constituents of commercial olibanum (alpha-boswellic acid, 3-O-acetyl-alpha-boswellic acid, beta-boswellic acid, 3-O-acetyl-beta-boswellic acid, alpha-amyrin, beta-amyrin, lupeol, 3-epi-beta-amyrin, 3-epi-beta-amyrin, 3-epi-lupeol, ...
Isono Naoto - - 2004
We have cloned the gene encoding a beta-fructofuranosidase from Arthrobacter globiformis IFO 3062, and subsequently, the gene was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. This beta-fructofuranosidase gene encodes a protein of 548 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 60,519 Da. We have examined the roles of three residues ...
Lelais Gérald - - 2004
Although they are less abundant than their alpha-analogues, beta-amino acids occur in nature both in free form and bound to peptides. Oligomers composed exclusively of beta-amino acids (so-called beta-peptides) might be the most thoroughly investigated peptidomimetics. Beside the facts that they are stable to metabolism, exhibit slow microbial degradation, and ...
Goksungur Yekta - - 2004
The effect of aeration rate and agitation speed on beta-carotene production from molasses by Blakeslea trispora in a stirred-tank fermentor and optimization of the production of the pigment in a bubble column reactor were investigated. In addition, a central composite design was employed to determine the maximum beta-carotene concentration at ...
Tuntiwachwuttikul Pittaya - - 2004
A mixture of nine cerebrosides and a monoacylmonogalactosylglycerol were separated from the leaves of Clinacanthus nutans. The structures of the cerebrosides were characterized as 1-O-beta-D-glucosides of phytosphingosines, which comprised a common long-chain base, (2S,3S,4R,8Z)-2-amino-8(Z)-octadecene-1,3,4-triol with nine 2-hydroxy fatty acids of varying chain lengths (C(16), C(18), C(20-26)) linked to the amino ...
Rossmeisl Jan - - 2003
The natural amino acids have different preferences of occurring in specific types of secondary protein structure. Simulations are performed on periodic model beta-sheets of 14 different amino acids, at the level of density functional theory, employing the generalized gradient approximation. We find that the statistically observed beta-sheet propensities correlate very ...
Vree Tom B - - 2003
The aim of this pharmacokinetic evaluation was to show the effect of the extra methyl group in simvastatin on esterase hydrolysis between lovastatin and simvastatin in male and female volunteers. This study was based on the plasma concentration-time curves and the pharmacokinetics of lovastatin and simvastatin with its respective active ...
Gorchein Abel - - 2003
Reversed-phase TLC systems using ion-pairing reagents are described for the separation without prior derivatization of the porphyrins of rat Harderian gland. Porphyrins with R(f) values greater than protoporphyrin but smaller than coproporphyrin, representing harderoporphyrin, were labile to 1 m NaOH, which converted them to protoporphyrin, inconsistent with the established literature ...
Mishra R C - - 2003
Glycosylated beta-amino acids (3-18, 38, 39), obtained by hydrolysis of glycosylated beta-amino esters on reaction with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in presence of DIC/DCC afforded glycosyl beta-amino hydroxamates (19-34, 40, 41) in fair to good yields. Compounds (19-34, 40, 41) were screened against human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum in vitro for their ...
Cellini Barbara - - 2003
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent cystalysin from Treponema denticola catalyzes the beta-displacement of the beta-substituent from both L-aspartate and L-cysteine sulfinic acid. The steady-state kinetic parameters for beta-desulfination of L-cysteine sulfinic acid, k(cat) and K(m), are 89+/-7 s(-1) and 49+/-9 mM, respectively, whereas those for beta-decarboxylation of L-aspartate are 0.8+/-0.1 s(-1) and 280+/-70 ...
Fadda Silvina - - 2003
In sausage, Staphylococcus carnosus increases the levels of methyl ketones which could arise from incomplete beta-oxidation of fatty acids followed by a decarboxylation. The objective of this work was to characterize the beta-decarboxylase activities in cell-free extract. By using different substrates, at least two kinds of beta-decarboxylase activities were shown: ...
Robinson Brenton S - - 2003
We recently reported the synthesis and anti-inflammatory properties of a novel long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) with an oxygen atom in the beta-position, beta-oxa-21:3 n-3 (Z,Z,Z)-(octadeca-9,12,15-trienyloxy) acetic acid). Our data, from studies aimed at elucidating the mechanism of its action, show that pretreatment of human neutrophils with the beta-oxa-PUFA ...
Itoh Atsuko - - 2003
From the dried roots of Neonauclea sessilifolia (Rubiaceae), two new triterpenoid saponins, 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-quinovopyranosyl quinovic acid (1) and 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-quinovopyranosyl pyrocincholic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2), were isolated, together with five known saponins. The structures of the new saponins were determined by spectroscopic and chemical means.
Matsuura Hideyuki - - 2003
1,1-Dipehnyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities were found in the extract of dried leaves of oregano (Origanum vulgare). The water-soluble active ingredients were isolated, and their structures were determined to be 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-3',4'-dihydroxybenzyl protocatechuate and 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-3',4'-dihydroxybenzyl 4-O-methylprotocatechuate by (1)H-, (13)C-NMR, DEPT, HMQC, and HMBC spectral analyses, and by NOE experiments. The DPPH ...
Lavy Alexandra - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species mediate tissue injury in inflammatory bowel disease. Beta-carotene is known as a potent free radical quencher and antioxidant. AIM: The authors evaluated the efficacy of prefeeding Dunaliella bardawil, rich in beta-carotene, to ameliorate acid-induced enteritis in a rat model. METHODS: Enteritis was induced in female Sprague-Dawley ...
Kotanen Stephen - - 2003
Acidic methanolic, whole body extracts of larval Tenebrio molitor (Insecta, Coleoptera) and other juvenile insects are highly toxic to adults of the same species and other species: injection causes instant paralysis to death. Referring to their dramatic effect in mature insects, the responsible compounds have been designated as "paralysins." Two ...
Lipták András - - 2003
[reaction: see text] Fully protected triphenylmethyl 2-O-mesyl-1-thio-beta-d-gluco- (14) and -alpha-d-mannopyranoside (28) were transformed by a stereoselective intramolecular 1 --> 2 trans-arylthio migration into methyl 2-S-triphenylmethyl-alpha-d-manno- (15) and -beta-d-glucopyranoside (29), respectively, using NaOCH(3) as nucleophile. The 2-S-triphenylmethyl ethers (15 and 29) were directly oxidized to sugar 2-C-sulfonic acids by using oxone ...
Reiersen Bergitte - - 2003
Three anthocyanins were isolated from the red flowers of chenille plant, Acalypha hispida Burm. (Euphorbiaceae) by a combination of chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated mainly by homo- and heteronuclear nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electrospray mass spectrometry, and supported with complete assignments of 13C NMR resonances. The novel pigment, ...
Hammer Mary-Anne - - 2003
Early preimplantation mouse embryos are susceptible to the detrimental effects of increased osmolarity and, paradoxically, their in vitro development is significantly compromised by osmolarities near that of oviductal fluid. In vitro development can be restored, however, by several compounds that are accumulated by 1-cell embryos to act as organic osmolytes, ...
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